Publications

Found 1228 results

Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year  (Desc)]
Filters: First Letter Of Title is L  [Clear All Filters]
2015
Chiziane E, Gift R, Kibugi R, Wardell DA, Cordonnier-Segger M-C, Haywood C. Legal frameworks enabling sustainable land-use investment in Mozambique: Current strengths and opportunities for improvement. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia; 2015. Abstract
n/a
Chiziane E, Gift R, Kibugi R, Wardell DA, Cordonnier-Segger M-C, Haywood C. Legal frameworks enabling sustainable land-use investment in Mozambique: Current strengths and opportunities for improvement. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia; 2015. Abstract
n/a
Chiziane E, Gift R, Kibugi R, Wardell DA, Cordonnier-Segger M-C, Haywood C. Legal frameworks enabling sustainable land-use investment in Mozambique: Current strengths and opportunities for improvement. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia; 2015. Abstract
n/a
Kibugi R. "Legal Options for Mainstreaming Climate Change Disaster Risk Reduction in Governance for Kenya." Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. 2015:409. Abstract
n/a
Kibugi R. "Legal Options for Mainstreaming Climate Change Disaster Risk Reduction in Governance for Kenya." Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. 2015:409. Abstract
n/a
Kibugi R. "Legal Options for Mainstreaming Climate Change Disaster Risk Reduction in Governance for Kenya." Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. 2015:409. Abstract
n/a
2014
KYALO DN, P.D. MATULA, MULWA SA. "LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: The Role of Active Learning in Redefining Education to detach it from Acquisition of Certificates’.". In: LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: The Role of Active Learning in Redefining Education to detach it from Acquisition of Certificates’. Kenya Education Management Institute, Nairobi; 2014.
Kithiia SK, Krhoda G, Wambua BN. "Land Alienation, Livelihood and Integrated Water resources Management Strategy in Tana River County.". In: Tana River County Sustainable Resource Utilization and Environmental Management. Proceedings of the National Scientific Conference on the Tana River county; Nema/Wetlands International/UoN. Mombasa, Kenya; 2014.
Kimeu M. "The LRC: Wholistic Green Building Design In Nairobi.". In: Green Building Training in Kampala organised by UN Habitat. Kampala; 2014.
Kimeu M. "The LRC: Wholistic Green Building Design In Nairobi.". In: Green Building Training in Nairobi. Apollo Centre in Westlands, Nairobi.; 2014.
Mukhwana A. "Language Attitudes Towards Mother Tongue in Urban Kenya." Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2014;VI(1).
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Mutua BF. "Language Games and Language Teaching in Kenya: The Case of Kiswahili in Lower School." Journal of Education and Practice . 2014;5(6):191-198.
Mukhwana A. "Language Planning in Pre-Colonial Kenya.". 2014:27-34.
Kibui AW, Logarmuthie L. "Language Policy in Kenya and the New Constitution for Vision 2030." International Journal of Educational Science and Research- ISSN: 2249-8052. 2014;Vol.4 :89-98 .
magabe PC. "Large aneurysm in renal angiomyolipoma causing life-threatening retroperitoneal hemorrhage." African Journal of Urology . 2014; Vol 20, (No 4 (2014) ).
Bosire CM, Deyou T, Kabaru JM, Kimata DM, Yenesew A. "Larvicidal activities of extracts and rotenoids from Millettia usaramensis subspecies on Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)." Journal of Asia pacific Entomology. 2014;17:531-535.
Yenesew A, Bosire CM, Deyou T, Kabaru JM, Kimata DM. "Larvicidal activities of extracts and rotenoids from Millettia usaramensis subspecies usaramensis on Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) (Diptera: Culicidae)." Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology . 2014; 17(3):531-535. Abstractpaper_71_bosire_et_al__asia-2014.pdf

The dichloromethane/methanol (1:1) extract of the stem bark of Millettia usaramensis subspecies usaramensis was tested for its larvicidal activity against the 4th instar Aedes aegypti larvae and demonstrated activity with LC50 value of 50.8 ± 0.06 μg/mL at 48 h. Compounds isolated from the extract were also tested for their larvicidal activities, and the rotenoid usararotenoid-A (LC50 4.3 ± 0.8 μg/mL at 48 h) was identified as the most active principle. This compound appears to be the first rotenoid having a trans-B/C ring junction and methylenedioxy group at C-2/C-3 with high larvicidal activity. Related rotenoids with the same configuration at the B/C-ring junction did not show significant activity at 100 μg/mL.

Bosire CM, Tsegaye D, Kabaru JM, Kimata MD, Yenesew A. "Larvicidal Activities of the Stem Bark Extract and Rotenoids of Millettia usaramensis sub-species usaramensis on Aedes aegypti L." Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 2014;17:531-535.
Faridah H Were, M Charles Moturi, P Gottesfeld, Wafula GA, Kamau GN, Shiundu PM. "Lead exposure and blood pressure among workers in diverse industrial plants in Kenya." Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene. 2014;11(11):706-715. AbstractWebsite

The study evaluated airborne exposures and blood lead (BPb) levels in 233 production workers at six diverse industrial plants in Kenya. Blood and personal breathing zone air samples were collected and analyzed for lead (Pb) using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Blood pressure (BP) levels were measured using a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. The results indicated mean airborne Pb levels ± standard deviation (SD) as follows: 183.2 ± 53.6 μg/m3 in battery recycling, 133.5 ± 39.6 μg/m3 in battery manufacturing, 126.2 ± 39.9 μg/m3 in scrap metal welding, 76.3 ± 33.2 μg/m3 in paint manufacturing, 27.3 ± 12.1 μg/m3 in a leather manufacturing, and 5.5 ± 3.6 μg/m3 in a pharmaceutical plant. The mean airborne Pb levels exceeded the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 8-hr time-weighted average (TWA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for Pb of 50 μg/m3 in the battery manufacturing, battery recycling, welding, and paint manufacturing plants. Similarly, mean BPb concentrations exceeded the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH®) biological exposure index (BEI) for Pb of 30 μg/dl. A significant positive association was observed between BPb and breathing zone air Pb (R2 = 0.73, P < 0.001). Approximately 30% of the production workers (N = 233) were in the hypertensive range with an average systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) of 134.7 ± 12.7 mmHg and 86.4 ± 8.9 mmHg, respectively. In the multivariate regression analysis, age, duration of work, airborne Pb and BPb levels were significantly associated (P < 0.05) with a change in BP. We recommend improved engineering controls, work practices, and personal hygiene to reduce Pb exposures. In addition, workers should undergo comprehensive medical surveillance to include BPb and BP testing, and airborne Pb assessments in all industries with significant lead exposures.

FH W, MC M, P G, A WG, GN K. "Lead exposure and blood pressure among workers in diverse industrial plants in Kenya." PubMed. 2014;11(11):706-15. Abstract

Abstract

The study evaluated airborne exposures and blood lead (BPb) levels in 233 production workers at six diverse industrial plants in Kenya. Blood and personal breathing zone air samples were collected and analyzed for lead (Pb) using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Blood pressure (BP) levels were measured using a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. The results indicated mean airborne Pb levels ± standard deviation (SD) as follows: 183.2 ± 53.6 μg/m(3) in battery recycling, 133.5 ± 39.6 μg/m(3) in battery manufacturing, 126.2 ± 39.9 μg/m(3) in scrap metal welding, 76.3 ± 33.2 μg/m(3) in paint manufacturing, 27.3 ± 12.1 μg/m(3) in a leather manufacturing, and 5.5 ± 3.6 μg/m(3) in a pharmaceutical plant. The mean airborne Pb levels exceeded the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 8-hr time-weighted average (TWA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for Pb of 50 μg/m(3) in the battery manufacturing, battery recycling, welding, and paint manufacturing plants. Similarly, mean BPb concentrations exceeded the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH®) biological exposure index (BEI) for Pb of 30 μg/dl. A significant positive association was observed between BPb and breathing zone air Pb (R(2) = 0.73, P < 0.001). Approximately 30% of the production workers (N = 233) were in the hypertensive range with an average systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) of 134.7 ± 12.7 mmHg and 86.4 ± 8.9 mmHg, respectively. In the multivariate regression analysis, age, duration of work, airborne Pb and BPb levels were significantly associated (P < 0.05) with a change in BP. We recommend improved engineering controls, work practices, and personal hygiene to reduce Pb exposures. In addition, workers should undergo comprehensive medical surveillance to include BPb and BP testing, and airborne Pb assessments in all industries with significant lead exposures.
KEYWORDS:

airborne lead; blood lead; industrial workers; occupational exposure;  blood pressure

A.A O-O, Fadairo O, Ameyaw J, Yiran G, Mutisya E, Mfune O, Fuh D, Nyerere J, Sulemana N. "Learning to Solve Africa's Problems by Africans: Innovations for Addressing the Canker of Corruption." African journal of Sustainable Development. 2014;Vol 4(3)(Special Issue, ISSN 2315-6317.).
Kamau W. "Legal Treatment of Consent in Sexual Offences in Kenya." Law Society of Kenya . 2014;1(10):27.
Kivuva JM. "Liberal Democracy and the Challenges of Multiparty politics in Kenya and Uganda." International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2014;2(9):64-77.
Waweru JN. Library orientation.; 2014.
Gachangaga PN, Amugune BK, Ogeto JO, Abuga KO. "A liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of amlodipine, valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide in tablets." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm.. 2014;17(2):25-34. Abstract

A simple, rapid, sensitive, specific, accurate, precise and fast high performance liquid
chromatographic method for the determination of antihypertensive drugs amlodipine,
valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide singly or in combination was developed and
validated. Separation of the analytes was achieved on a Hypersil C-18 (250 mm × 4.6
mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-KH2PO4 pH 3.0-
water (75:6:19 % v/v/v) delivered at 1 ml/min, UV detection at 229 nm and 40 oC
column temperature. The precision of the method was demonstrated through
repeatability (coefficient of variation = 0.298-0.724) as well as intermediate precision
(coefficient of variation = 0.435-1.412). The detector response was linear over the 25-
150 % range with R2 ≥ 0.99 for each of the three analytes. The limit of detection for
hydrochlorothiazide, valsartan and amlodipine were 10.72, 21.20 and 14.45 ng, while
the limits of quantification were 35.76, 71.23 and 48.16 ng, respectively. The method
showed satisfactory robustness and accuracy with a recovery of 99.7-100.6 %. The
method was applied in the assay of 6 commercial products containing drugs under
study. The results obtained revealed quality problems among the samples analyzed.

Gachangaga PN, Amugune BK, Ogeto JO, Abuga KO. "A Liquid Chromatographic Method for the Simultaneous Determination of Amlodipine, Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide in Tablets." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.. 2014;17:25-34.
Musonye MM. "Literary Insurgency: Mchongoano and the Popular Art Scene in Nairobi.". In: Popular Culture in Africa: The Episteme of the Everyday. New York & London: Taylor & Francis Group; 2014.
Onyancha C, Nyamai C. "Lithology and Geological Structures as Controls in the Quality of Groundwater in Kilifi County, Kenya." British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 2014;4(25):3631. AbstractFull Text

Aims: Saline and brackish water has been encountered in more than half of the boreholes
across Kilifi County. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between
lithology and structural geology and the quality of water encountered in boreholes in the
study area. Study Design: The study involved field observation of boreholes and collection of
hydrogeological data and analysis of geological and structural setting and water quality.
Place and Duration of Study: Borehole data was collected between January and June 2012.
Field observation of boreholes was carried out between June and September 2012. Data
analysis was carried out between October 2012 and July 2013 at Masinde Muliro University
and University of Nairobi.

Wang’ondu VW, Bosire JO, Kairo JG, Kinyamario JI, Mwaura FB, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Koedam N. "Litter Fall Dynamics of Restored Mangroves (Rhizophora mucronata Lamk. and Sonneratia alba Sm.) in Kenya. ." Restoration Ecology. 2014;22(6):824-831.
Maina EN, Kinyi HW, Ochwang’i DO, Meroka AM, Wanyonyi WC. "Liver toxicity of Crude extract of Ficus natalensis traditionally used in South Western Uganda." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2014;3(4):116-121.
Nguu J, Ndivo S, Aduda B, Nyongesa F, Robinson Musembi. "Livestock Farmers’ Perception on Generation of Cattle Wastebased Biogas Methane: the Case of Embu West District, Kenya." Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy. 2014; No.8(Vol.4). Abstract

Abstract
Perception of livestock farmers on the generation of cattle waste-based biogas methane was evaluated in this
study. The study was carried out in Embu West district in Kenya. A random sampling technique was used to
gather information related to farmers’ perception and the data collected with the help of self designed
questionnaires and face to face interviews. In the study, 92.9% of the one hundred and fifty six (156) livestock
farmers practiced zero-grazing and only fourteen (9%) of them had installed biogas digesters in their farms. Chi square tests yielded a value of χ = 0.591, p >0.05 which indicated that there was no significant relationship between uptake of cattle waste-based biogas and farmer’s perception. The hypothesis that low uptake of cattle waste-based biogas technology was due to negative perception of the farmers was found not to hold. Further Chi square tests indicated significant relationship (χ=23.56, p< 0.05) between farmers’ perception and knowledge of cattle waste-based biogas methane. Thus livestock farmers in Embu district had a very positive perception and were quite knowledgeable about biogas technology despite the minimal installation of the cattle waste-based biogas digesters. The research findings indicated that other factors like installation cost contribute to the low uptake of biogas technology. These research findings should assist government and industry understand the reason behind public ‘reservations’ in the adoption of biogas technology as well as develop strategies for enhanced promotion of renewable energy technologies.

Keywords: Biogas methane, perception, renewable energy, Embu west

Schmidt C, Jaoko W O-MKMNKBBLGGPJA, Chomba E, Kilembe W NNSCLCADSFPEMJGP. "Long-term follow-up of study participants from prophylactic HIV vaccine clinical trials in Africa." Human Vaccines & Immunotherapy. 2014;10(3):714-23.
Schmidt, C. JO-MKMNKBWGPJ, L. G. Bekker, E. Chomba KNNSCLWMJG, and J. Cox, S. Allen DSFLCPE. "Long-Term Follow-up of Study Participants from Prophylactic Hiv Vaccine Clinical Trials in Africa." Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014;10, no. 3:714-23.
Edwards PS, Janisch CT, Peng B, Zhu J, Ozdemir SK, Yang L, Liu Z. "Label-free particle sensing by fiber taper-based Raman spectroscopy." IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2014;26:2093-2096. Abstract
n/a
Maina EN, Kinyi HW, Ochwang’i DO, Meroka AM, Wanyonyi WC. "Liver toxicity of Crude extract of Ficus natalensis traditionally used in South Western Uganda." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2014;3. Abstract
n/a
2013
Wambua BN. "Lakes Chala and Jipe and Umba river ecosystems transboundary integrated natural Resource management programme.". In: lakes challa and Jipe and umba river ecosystem transboundary management. Kilimanjaro crest Hotel- moshi Tanzania; 2013.
MBECHE F. "Leadership and Management Development for African Schooling in the 21stCentury.". In: DETA conference . University of Nairobi; 2013.
M.Kimeu. "The LRC: Holistic Green building design finally in Nairobi.". In: East African regional Workshop East African regional Workshop . ADD building, University of Nairobi; 2013.
Papah, et al. "Lake Magadi Ecosystem: Current Research Trends and Future Perspectives.". In: 1st International One Health Conference. Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa Ethiopia; 2013.
Wamalwa DC, Lehman DA, Benki-Nugent S, Gasper MA, Gichohi R, Maleche-Obimbo E, Farquhar C, John-Stewart GC, Overbaugh J. "Long-term virologic response and genotypic resistance mutations in HIV-1 infected Kenyan children on combination antiretroviral therapy." J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2013;62(3):267-74. Abstract

HIV-infected children may require the use of combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) into adulthood. However, regimens are limited to first line and second line in many African settings. Therefore, understanding the long-term rate of virologic failure and drug resistance during prolonged antiretroviral treatment is important for establishing treatment strategies in African pediatric cohorts.

Kimeu M. "The LRC at The Catholic University of Eastern Africa.". In: UN-Habitat Conference on Financing Green Building in Africa. Strathmore University; 2013.
Awange JL, Kyalo Kiema JB. "Land Management.". 2013. AbstractWebsite

Land provides the base upon which social, cultural and economic activities are undertaken and as such is of significant importance in environmental monitoring. Social, cultural and economic activities have to be planned and managed in such a way that the sustainable use of land resources is enhanced. Sustainable land use ensures that economic and socio-cultural activities do not benefit at the expense of the environment (see Sect.28.5). Monitoring of changes in land through indicators could help in policy formulation and management issues for the betterment of the environment. Some of the vital indicators for land management include vegetation, soil quality and health, biosolids and waste disposed on land, land evaluation, land use planning, contaminated land, integrity of the food supply chain, mine closure completion criteria, and catchment management, in particular water balance, salinity, eutrophication, and riparian/wetland vegetation. This Chapter presents the possibility of using geoinformatics to enhance the monitoring of some of these indicators.

Mukhono PM, Angeyo HK, Dehayem-Massop A, Kaduki KA. "Laser Induced Breakdown spectroanalysis and characterization of environmental matrices utilizing multivariate chemometrics." Spectrochimica Acta B. 2013; 87:81-85.
Angeyo KH, Mukhono PM, Dehayem-kamadjeu A, Kaduki KA. "Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy and characterization of environmental matrices utilizing multivariate chemometrics." Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. 2013;87. Abstract

We exploited multivariate chemometric methods to reduce the spectral complexity and to retrieve trace heavy metal analyte concentration signatures directly from the LIBS spectra as well as, to extract their latent characteristics in two important environmental samples i.e. soils and rocks from a geothermal field lying in a high background radiation area (HBRA). As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Ti were modeled for direct trace (quantitative) analysis using partial least squares (PLS) and artificial neural networks (ANNs). PLS performed better in soils than in rocks; the use of ANN improved the accuracies in rocks because ANNs are more robust than PLS at modeling spectral non-linearities and correcting matrix effects. The predicted trace metal profiles together with atomic and molecular signatures acquired using single ablation in the 200–545 nm spectral range were utilized to successfully classify and identify the soils and rocks with regard to whether they were derived from (i) a high background radiation area (HBRA)-geothermal, (ii) HBRA-non-geothermal or (iii) normal background radiation area (NBRA)-geothermal field using principal components analysis (PCA) and soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA).

Omuombo C, Olago D, Rucina S, Williamson D. Late Holocene variations from Lake Rutundu, mount Kenya. Goa, India: PAGES; 2013.
Nyasani PJ, Owuor MA. Latin Maxims, Expressions, Phrases and Idioms in Legal and Philosophical Use. Nairobi: BR Professional Education; 2013.
Gichuki N. Law of Financial Institutions in Kenya (2nd edition). Nairobi: LawAfrica; 2013.
Nyamongo IK, Liani ML, Aagaard-Hansen J. "Layperson’s perceptions about Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Kenya.". 2013.Website
Kimani G.N., A.M. K, L.W. N. "Learners’ Perceptions of Support Services in Distance Education: A case of Bachelor of Education Students at Kenyatta University, Kenya." Journal of Continuing, Open and Distance Education. 2013;3(ISSN 2201 – 6333):1-4.kimani10.pdf
B. K, S.M. M, Ouko C. "Lessons Learned from Smallholder Agroforestry Project in Semi Arid Regions of Kenya." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2013.
Shah PS. "Life of Wangari Maathai." OERB Reach 16 (2013):9-11.
Robinson M, Bernard A, Julius M, Marin R, Kostantinos F, Martha L-S. "Light Soaking Induced Increase in Conversion Efficiency in Solar Cells Based on In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy." Material Sciences and Applications. 2013. Abstract

Light soaking characterization on complete SnO2:F/TiO2/ln(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au, Pb(OH)xS)pEDOT:PSS/Au, eta solar cell structure
as well as on devices which do not include one or both TiO2 and/or PEDOT:PSS layers has been conducted. Additionally,
studies of SnO2:F/In(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au solar cell have been performed. The power conversion
efficiency and the short circuit current density have been found to increase with light soaking duration by a factor of
about 1.6 - 2.7 and 2.1 - 3, respectively. The increase in these two parameters has been attributed to the filling up of trap
states and/or charge-discharge of deep levels found in In(OH)xSy. These effects take place at almost fill factor and open
circuit voltage being unaffected by the light soaking effects.

Aduda B, Robinson Musembi, Mwabora J, Rusu M, Fostiropoulos K, Martha L-S. "Light Soaking Induced Increase in Conversion Efficiency in Solar Cells Based on In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy." Material Sciences and Applications. 2013. Abstract

Light soaking characterization on complete SnO2:F/TiO2/ln(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au, Pb(OH)xS)pEDOT:PSS/Au, eta solar cell structure
as well as on devices which do not include one or both TiO2 and/or PEDOT:PSS layers has been conducted. Additionally,
studies of SnO2:F/In(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au solar cell have been performed. The power conversion
efficiency and the short circuit current density have been found to increase with light soaking duration by a factor of
about 1.6 - 2.7 and 2.1 - 3, respectively. The increase in these two parameters has been attributed to the filling up of trap
states and/or charge-discharge of deep levels found in In(OH)xSy. These effects take place at almost fill factor and open
circuit voltage being unaffected by the light soaking effects.

Mwabora J, Robinson Musembi, Aduda B, Marin R, Fostiropoulos K, Lux-Steiner M. "Light Soaking Induced Increase in Conversion Efficiency in Solar Cells Based on In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy." Material Sciences and Applications. 2013. Abstract

Light soaking characterization on complete SnO2:F/TiO2/ln(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au, Pb(OH)xS)pEDOT:PSS/Au, eta solar cell structure
as well as on devices which do not include one or both TiO2 and/or PEDOT:PSS layers has been conducted. Additionally,
studies of SnO2:F/In(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au solar cell have been performed. The power conversion
efficiency and the short circuit current density have been found to increase with light soaking duration by a factor of
about 1.6 - 2.7 and 2.1 - 3, respectively. The increase in these two parameters has been attributed to the filling up of trap
states and/or charge-discharge of deep levels found in In(OH)xSy. These effects take place at almost fill factor and open
circuit voltage being unaffected by the light soaking effects.

Robinson Musembi, Aduda B, Mwabora J, Rusu M, Fostiropoulos K, Lux-Steiner M. "Light Soaking Induced Increase in Conversion Efficiency in Solar Cells Based on In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy." Materials Sciences and Applications. 2013;4,2013:718-722. Abstract

ABSTRACT
Light soaking characterization on complete SnO2:F/TiO2/In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au, eta solar cell structure as well as on devices which do not include one or both TiO2 and/or PEDOT:PSS layers has been conducted. Addition- ally, studies of SnO2:F/In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au solar cell have been performed. The power conversion efficiency and the short circuit current density have been found to increase with light soaking duration by a factor of about 1.6 - 2.7 and 2.1 - 3, respectively. The increase in these two parameters has been attributed to the filling up of trap states and/or charge-discharge of deep levels found in In(OH)xSy. These effects take place at almost fill factor and open circuit voltage being unaffected by the light soaking effects.

Keywords: Eta Solar Cell; Light Soaking; Conversion Efficiency; TiO2; In(OH)xSy; Pb(OH)xSy

Yensew A. "Limitations to Use of Infrared Spectroscopy for Rapid Determination of Carbon-Nitrogen and Wood Density for Tropical Species. Advances in Analytical Chemistry." Advances in Analytical Chemistry . 2013;3(3). Abstractpaper_63_kennedy10.5923.j.aac_.20130303.01.pdf

Infrared (IR) spectroscopy was used as a rapid and non-destructive method to determine, carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and tree wood density.A total of 82 sample cores were scanned in the reflectance mode from 4000 to 400 cm-1 for mid-infrared (MIR) spectra and from 8000 to 4000cm-1 and 11000-4000cm-1 for near infrared (NIR) spectra. The reference values for C and N were measured using combustion method while wood density was calculated using auger method. Calibration equations were developed using partial least-squares and first derivative spectra. Root mean square error (RMSEP) was used to calculate prediction error. Prediction of Cusing MIR spectra gave R2 = 0.59, RMSEP = 0.02; NIR spectra R2 = 0.50, RMSEP = 0.02, whileN prediction usingMIR spectra had R2 = 0.54, RMSEP = 0.22; NIR spectra R2 = 0.48, RMSEP =0.24. Wood density prediction was fair for MIR (R2= 0.79, RMSEP = 0.14); NIR (R2= 0.69, RMSEP = 0.17).Improved predictions using NIR were for extendedspectral range;though accuracies were inferior to MIR. Both MIR and NIR models showed good potentials to be used as rapid and cost effective method of predicting C-N andwood density.

Keywords Infrared Spectroscopy, Partial Least Squares Regression,Carbon, Nitrogen,Wood Density

Omondi P, Ogallo LA, Anyah R, Muthama JM, Ininda J. "Linkages between Global Sea Surface Temperatures and Decadal Rainfall Variability over Eastern Africa Region." Int. J. Climatol. . 2013;33:2082-2104. Abstractlinkages_between_global_sea_surface_temperatures_and_decadal_rainfall_variability_over_eastern_africa_region.pdfRoyal Meteorological Society

Linkages between dominant spatio-temporal decadal rainfall variability modes and the global sea surface temperature (SST) modes are investigated over East Africa region for the period 1950–2008. Singular value decomposition (SVD)and canonical correlation analysis (CCA) techniques are employed to examine potential linkages and predictability of decadal rainfall variability over the region. When the ten-year periodicity is filtered out from the observed monthly rainfall data, distinct decadal rainfall regimes are exhibited in the time series of mean seasonal rainfall anomalies. Spectral density analysis of rainfall time series showed dominance of a ten-year periodicity, significant at 95% confidence level.The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) results yielded nine and seven homogeneous decadal rainfall zones for long rains; March–May (MAM), and the short rains: October–December (OND) seasons, respectively. The third season of June–August (JJA) which is mainly experienced in western and coastal sub-regions had eight homogenous zones delineated. Results show that
the leading three SVD-coupled modes explain greater than 75% of the squared co variance between the two fields. The first SVD mode for Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans contributed to 50, 43 and 38% of the total square covariance for MAM season, respectively. The same mode accounted for 65, 48 and 40% for OND rainfall season, respectively. For the JJA season, mode one contributed to about 61, 39 and 42% of the variance. The study showed that forcing of decadal rainfall over the region is associated with El Ni˜no mode that is prominent over the Pacific Ocean, while Indian Ocean dipole is the leading mode over the Indian Ocean basin. An inter-hemispheric dipole mode that is common during ENSO was a prominent feature in the Atlantic Ocean forcing regional decadal rainfall. The high variability of these modes highlighted the significant roles of all the global oceans in forcing decadal rainfall variability over the region. In addition, results from multiple linear regression model showed substantial variation of the model prediction skill of the decadal rainfall variability
modes within various homogenous zones and for different seasons. Copyright© 2012 Royal Meteorological Society.

KEY WORDS decadal rainfall variability; Eastern Africa; decadal modes of variability; global oceans SSTs

Langat A, Benki-Nugent S, Wamalwa D, Farquhar C, Ngugi E, Diener L, Richardson BA, GC. J-S. "Lipid Changes in Kenyan HIV-1-Infected Infants Initiating Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy by One Year of Age." Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print]. 2013. Abstract

Abstract
BACKGROUND:: Early highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is recommended for HIV-1 infected infants. There are limited data on lipid changes during infant HAART. METHODS:: Non-fasting total (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TG) were measured at 0, 6 and 12 months. Correlates of lipid levels and changes post-HAART were assessed using linear regression. RESULTS:: Among 115 infants, pre-HAART median age was 3.8 months, CD4% was 19%, and weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) was -2.42. Pre-HAART median lipid levels were: TC, 108.7 mg/dl, LDL, 42.5 mg/dl, HDL, 29.4 mg/dl and TG, 186.9 mg/dl. Few infants had abnormally high TC (6.2%) or LDL (5.6%), but many had low HDL (76.5%) or high TG (69.6%). Higher pre-HAART WAZ and HAZ were each associated with higher pre-HAART TC (P=0.04 and P=0.01) and LDL (P=0.02 and P=0.008). From 0-6 months post-HAART, TC (P<0.0001), LDL (P<0.0001), and HDL (P<0.0001) increased significantly, and 23.1% (P=0.002), 14.0% (P=0.2), 31.3% (P<0.0001), and 50.8% (P=0.2) of infants had abnormally high TC, high LDL, low HDL, and high TG, respectively. Changes in TC and HDL were each associated with higher gain in WAZ (P=0.03 and P=0.01) and HAZ (P=0.01 and P=0.007). Increased change in LDL was associated with higher gain in HAZ (P=0.03). Infants on protease inhibitor (PI)-HAART had smaller HDL increase (P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS:: Infants had substantive increases in lipids, which correlated with growth. Increases in HDL were attenuated by PI-HAART. It is important to determine clinical implications of these changes.
PMID:
23385950
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Olaka LA, Musolff A, Mulch A, Olago D, Odada EO. "Lithological Influences on Occurrence of High-Fluoride Waters in The Central Kenya Rift." AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 2013. AbstractFull Text Link

Within the East African rift, groundwater recharge results from the complex interplay of geology, land cover, geomorphology, climate and on going volcano-tectonic processes across a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. The interrelationships between these factors create complex patterns of water availability, reliability and quality. The hydrochemical evolution of the waters is further complex due to the different climatic regimes and geothermal processes going on in this area. High fluoridic waters within the rift have been reported by few studies, while dental fluorosis is high among the inhabitants of the rift. The natural sources of fluoride in waters can be from weathering of fluorine bearing minerals in rocks, volcanic or fumarolic activities. Fluoride concentration in water depends on a number of factors including pH, temperature, time of water-rock formation contact and geochemical processes. Knowledge of the sources and dispersion of fluoride in both surface and groundwaters within the central Kenya rift and seasonal variations between wet and dry seasons is still poor. The Central Kenya rift is marked by active tectonics, volcanic activity and fumarolic activity, the rocks are majorly volcanics: rhyolites, tuffs, basalts, phonolites, ashes and agglomerates some are highly fractured. Major NW-SE faults bound the rift escarpment while the rift floor is marked by N-S striking faults We combine petrographic, hydrochemistry and structural information to determine the sources and enrichment pathways of high fluoridic waters within the Naivasha catchment. A total of 120 water samples for both the dry season (January-February2012) and after wet season (June-July 2013) from springs, rivers, lakes, hand dug wells, fumaroles and boreholes within the Naivasha catchment are collected and analysed for fluoride, physicochemical parameters and stable isotopes (δ2 H, δ18 O) in order to determine the origin and evolution of the waters. Additionally, 30 soil and rock samples were also collected and analysed for fluoride, and rock samples were subjected to petrographic investigations and X-ray diffraction. The fluoride levels in surface and groundwater for the dry season range from 0.019 - 50.14 mg/L, on average above the WHO permissible limit. The high fluoride occurs both in the lake and groundwater. Preliminary petrographic studies show considerable fluoride in micas. The study is on-going and plans to present the relative abundances of fluoride in the lithology as the sources and the fluoride enrichment pathways of the groundwater within the Central Kenya rift.

"Loss of Material Heritage in Kenya." International Journal of Arts and Commerce . 2013;2(9):77-92.
Graham SM, Raboud J MCRSJN-AMOBAMWJKJ. "Loss to Follow-Up as a Competing Risk in an Observational Study of HIV-1 Incidence." PLoS ONE. 2013;8(3):e59480.abstract.pdf
Graham SM, Raboud J MCRSJN-AMOBAMWJKJ. "Loss to Follow-Up as a Competing Risk in an Observational Study of HIV-1 Incidence." PLoS One. . 2013;8(3):e59480.
O. J. Olwendo, T. Baluku, P. Baki, P.J. Cilliers, C. Mito, and Doherty P. "Low latitude ionospheric scintillation and zonal irregularity drifts observed with GPS-SCINDA System and closely spaced VHF receivers in Kenya." Advances in Space Research. 2013;51(9):1715-1726.
M.Kimeu. "LRC at CUEA: Wholistic Green Building Design Finally Arrives in Nairobi." The Architect magazine. 2013;(2):12-25.
M.Kimeu. "The LRC: Green Building Design Finally in Nairobi." Buildesign magazine. 2013;(5):Pages 06-13.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Lulu ya Maisha. Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2013.
Ogeng’o JA, Ongeti KW, Kilonzi J, Maseghe P, Murunga A, Machira J, Mburu E. "Luminal Dimensions of left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery in a Black Kenyan population." Anat Physiol. 2013;3(123).
Kokwaro JO, Johns T. Luo-English Biological Dictionary. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers Ltd; 2013.
Kamau W, Kameri-Mbote P, Ichang’i D, Mwangi W, Kibugi R. "Land, Environment & Natural Resources-Presentation.". 2013. Abstract
n/a
Kamau W, Kameri-Mbote P, Ichang’i D, Mwangi W, Kibugi R. "Land, Environment & Natural Resources-Presentation.". 2013. Abstract
n/a
Kamau W, Kameri-Mbote P, Ichang’i D, Mwangi W, Kibugi R. "Land, Environment & Natural Resources-Presentation.". 2013. Abstract
n/a
2012
Kanyinga K. "Let's strengthen the rule of law to crush impunity." Sunday Nation, May 20, 2012.
Campbell KA, Lipinski MJ, Doran AC, Skaflen MD, Fuster V, McNamara CA. "Lymphocytes and the adventitial immune response in atherosclerosis." Circulation research. 2012;110:889-900. Abstract

Although much of the research on atherosclerosis has focused on the intimal accumulation of lipids and inflammatory cells, there is an increasing amount of interest in the role of the adventitia in coordinating the immune response in atherosclerosis. In this review of the contributions of the adventitia and adventitial lymphocytes to the development of atherosclerosis, we discuss recent research on the formation and structural nature of adventitial immune aggregates, potential mechanisms of crosstalk between the intima, media, and adventitia, specific contributions of B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes, and the role of the vasa vasorum and surrounding perivascular adipose tissue. Furthermore, we highlight techniques for the imaging of lymphocytes in the vasculature.

Muriithi MK, Kamau G. "Livelihood strategy and food security in Turkana county of Kenya." Tanzania, Arusha; 2012.
Mukhono PM, Angeyo HK, Dehayem-Massop A, Kaduki KA. "Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroanalysis and Characterization of Environmental Matrices Utilizing Multivariate Chemometrics.". In: 7th Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Conference. Luxor, Egypt; 2012.
Khasakhala" "AA. "Levels, Trends and Pattern in Overall, childhood and Maternal Mortality in Kenya.". In: 2. 4th Population Association of Kenya (PAK) Conference,. Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.
National Gender and Equity Commission(NGEC) K. The Land Area Dimension of Resource Allocation: A Review of the Formula by Commission on Resource Allocation (CRA), Kenya. Nairobi: National Gender and Equity Commission (NGEC), Kenya ; 2012.
Pauw GD, de Schryver GM, Forcada ML, Sarasola K, Tyers FM, Wagacha PW. "Language Technology for Normalisation of Less-Resourced Languages." Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC2012). 2012:2012. Abstract

The 8th International Workshop of the ISCA Special Interest Group on Speech and
Language Technology for Minority Languages (SALTMIL) 1 and the Fourth Workshop on
African Language Technology (AfLaT2012) 2 is held as a joint effort as part of the 2012
International Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2012). Entitled
“Language technology for normalisation of less-resourced languages”, the workshop is
intended to continue the series of SALTMIL/LREC workshops on computational language

Bernard LK, David SK, A NMO, et al. "Larvicidal Action of Extracts from Tithonia diversifolia Against the Dengue Mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae." J Biol. Act. Prod. Nat. 2012;2(1):46-49.
J K. LEAN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AT PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN KENYA.. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2012. Abstract

Lean supply chain management thinking and practices is considered as one of the ways
recognized to achieve timely supplies and to create greater values. The application of lean supply
management principles is meant to lead to improved performance of managers of the supply
chain. The Changing consumer needs and business environment has necessitated Public
Universities in Kenya to adopt lean supply chain management practices in order to survive thus
minimizing operational costs and maximizing profits. The increased change of customer needs
and the emergence of new technologies have resulted into Public Universities adapting to those
changes so as to remain relevant and competitive.
The objectives of the study sought to; (i) determine the extent that the human resource practices
linked to the supply chain management at the Public Universities in Kenya were consistent with
lean supply chain management, (ii) determine the extent that the information Technology linked
to the supply chain management at the Public Universities in Kenya were consistent with
reference to lean supply chain management and (iii)determine the extent to which the supplier
relations linked to the supply chain management at the Public Universities in Kenya were
consistent with the reference of lean supply chain management.
The study used a descriptive survey research design to assess the application of lean supply
chain management practices at the Public Universities in Kenya. The survey was used to
describe the Lean Supply chains Management practices which are successfully applied in the
Public Universities so as to enhance their service delivery. The survey was a census study that
included all the Seven Public Universities in Kenya, namely; University of Nairobi, Moi
University, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture
and Technology, Maseno University and Masinde Muliro University. The main instruments for
data collection were structured questionnaires with both closed and open ended questions. It was
administered to the respondents through personal interviews and by dropping and picking the
questionnaires at the business premises.
The data collected was analyzed using measures of central tendency including the mean scores
and percentages and measures of dispersion. Findings were then interpreted, conclusions made
and recommendations. The study established that rigid organizational culture and resistance to
change among Public Universities is a major obstacle to successful implementation of lean
supply chain management practices in Public Universities.
The study recommends that employees of Public Universities in Kenya be involved in decision
making and be sensitized on lean supply chain management practices in order to understand the
value and the changing business environment. The study established that human resource
practices among Public Universities have not been full linked to lean supply chain management
practices due to inappropriate policies of Public Universities to develop their new and existing
staff through training on the value of lean supply chain management practices. Therefore, the
study recommends the formulation of policies by the public universities that embrace lean supply
chain management practices for competitive advantage. The study established that, integration
of information technology in every department of Public Universities in Kenya enhances
efficiency and effectiveness thus customer satisfaction. The study established that unclear
procurement policies in Public Universities in Kenya hinder efficient and effective lean supply
chain management practices and results into poor performance of Public Universities due to
increased costs associated with supply chain activities.

Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C. "Liability for Climate Change in Kenya.". In: Climate Change Liability: Transnational Law and Practice. London: Cambridge University Press; 2012.
Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C. "Liability for Climate Change in Kenya.". 2012.Website
Kilemi M. Life As A Nairobi University Student. Nairobi: Nairobi University; 2012.
TF A, F. H, PN N, LW I. "Life history of Oplostomus haroldi (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) unde laboratory conditions and a description of its third instar larva." International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 2012. AbstractInternational Journal of Tropical Insect Science

The life history of Oplostomus haroldi (Witte), a recently reported pest of honeybee colonies in East Africa, was studied for the first time under laboratory conditions. Adult O. haroldi collected from beehives in the coastal part of Kenya were reared on a mixture of moist sterilized soil and cow dung. At 25 ± 2 °C, 50 ± 5% relative humidity and a 10 h light-14 h dark photoperiod, the laid eggs took 11.9 ± 1.3 days to hatch into a curved pear-shaped scarabaeiform larva with a well-developed head and thoracic legs. The first, second and third larval instars lasted 14.6 ± 2.6, 17.5 ± 2.4 and 34.6 ± 2.4 days, respectively. The pupal stage, which was marked by formation of a mud cocoon, lasted 31.1 ± 6.7 days with the adults surviving for 2–6 months under laboratory conditions, suggesting that the beetle is multivoltine. A detailed taxonomic description of the external morphology of the third instar larva is provided

Fombong AT, Haas F, Ndegwa PN, Irungu LW. "Life history of Oplostomus haroldi (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) under laboratory conditions and a description of its third instar larva." International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 2012;32(1):1-8.Website
Muchiri J. "Literature and Human Rights: the Case of Chimamanda Adichie’s Fiction ." In Journal of Science Technology Education and Management. 2012;5(1 & 2):139-159.
Gathiaka JK. "Livestock farming and poverty reduction in smallholder farms in Kenya." European Scientific Journal. 2012;8(19):212-228.
Mandela P. Living the Mysteries of the Holy Rosary. London: Xlibris Publishing Corporation; 2012.
Ondicho TG. "Local Communities and Ecotourism Development in Kimana, Kenya." Journal of Tourism. 2012;XIII(1):41-60.tom-_jto_paper.pdf
Nielsen, MR; Lund JF; BTA; I. Locally-based monitoring and its relevance to management and research.; 2012. Abstract

Locally-based monitoring (LBM) has been pro posed as a solution to overcome the costs of monitoring the condition and development of natural resources and ecosystems in developing countries. Based on a recent empirical study on LBM, this brief argues that careful attention should be paid to the incentives and power struggles surrounding the particular context within which LBM schemes are based as they will invariably shape the information produced and communicated.

Ackello-Ogutu, Chris; Okoruwa V; BGN. Long-term challenges to food security and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa.; 2012. Abstract

This briefing paper is one of the 10-part Global Development Network (GDN) Agriculture Policy Series for its project, ‘Supporting Policy Research to Inform Agricultural Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia’. It is based on a longer synthesis paper, Long-term challenges to food security and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa, which draws on extensive published and unpublished research. It will be of value to policymakers, experts and civil society working to improve agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. A total of 180 million food-insecure people live in Sub-Saharan Africa, over 21 per cent of the African population. These are among the world’s most vulnerable people, poorly equipped to respond to the threat of climate change, demographic stresses, or spikes in global food prices. This briefing examines how improvements in agriculture might help to achieve g

Nyarwath O. "The Luo Care for Widows (Lako) and Contemporary Challenges." Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya. 2012;4(1):91-110.
Muchane MN, Karanja D, Wambugu GM, Mutahi JM, Clet Wandui Masiga, Mugoya C, Muchai M, others. "Land use practices and their implications on soil macro-fauna in Maasai Mara ecosystem." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 2012;4:500-514. Abstract
n/a
M DRININDAJOSEPH. "Linkages between global sea surface temperatures and decadal rainfall variability over Eastern africa region.". In: International Journal of Climatology. Royal Meteorological Society; 2012. Abstract
Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK. 256p.
Alila PO. "Local Communicty Social Systems and Human Security." A. Kumssa et al (eds). Conflict and Human Security in Africa: Kenya in Perspective, Macmillan, 2011; 2012. Abstract
n/a
2011
ndeti ndati. "Leadership and Community Mobilization.". In: HIV/AIDS Base Group Regional Conference. YMCA Nairobi; 2011.
Mwenesi BM. "L’enseignement du français dans le contexte multilingue Est-Africain et kenyan .". In: L’enseignement du français dans le contexte multilingue Est-Africain. Kenyatta University; 2011.ku_paper.pdf
Clifford PS. "Local control of blood flow." Advances in Physiology Education. 2011;35:5-15. AbstractWebsite

Organ blood flow is determined by perfusion pressure and vasomotor tone in the resistance vessels of the organ. Local factors that regulate vasomotor tone include myogenic and metabolic autoregulation, flow-mediated and conducted responses, and vasoactive substances released from red blood cells. The relative importance of each of these factors varies over time, from tissue to tissue, and among vessel generations.

Paul UK, Naushaba H, Alam MJ, Begum T, Rahman A, Akhter J. "Length of {Vermiform} {Appendix}: {A} {Postmortem} {Study}." Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy. 2011;9. AbstractWebsite
n/a
WINFRED DR MWANGI. "A Land Administrators View on the National Land Policy, the Constitution of Kenya (2010) and the National Land Commission Bill (2011).". In: KHRC Breakfast Forum on land reforms Agenda in Kenya. Nairobi; 2011.
Wangai A-M, Waa S, Wangai M, Amayo E, Olunya O. "Late-onset Visual Loss in Osteopetrosis." Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2011;11(3):407-11. Abstract

Late-onset visual loss is a complication of nerve entrapment and increased intracranial pressure. We hereby describe the first case in Eastern Africa. A 23 year-old lady presented with sudden blindness, headaches and body weakness. She had previously had treatment for multiple unexplained fractures. Findings of optic nerve entrapment explained this blindness. This case highlights the need to have a high index of suspicion in cases of unexplained fractures with late-onset blindness.

Higgins S, Odada EO, Becht R. Lake Naivasha: experiences and lessons learned brief.; 2011.
M PROFSYAGGAPAUL. "Land Tenure in Slum Upgrading Projects.". In: In Slum Upgrading Programmes in Nairobi: Challenges in Implementation. Nairobi: French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA); 2011.
Nkonya, E; Jawoo K; MLP; R. Land under pressure..; 2011. Abstract

This chapter presents and discusses the causes of land degradation, and ways of sustainable land development and agricultural productivity. The evidence presented here suggests several avenues for achieving a world without land degradation. First, efforts to promote sustainable land management need to improve locally and nationally. Second, instead of focusing solely on fertilizer subsidies, countries should use broader and more cost-effective incentives to encourage farmers to adopt integrated soil fertility management.

Wangai AM, Amayo EO, Olunya.O, Waa.S. "Late-onset Visual Loss in Osteopetrosis." Sultan Qaboos Univ Med Journal. 2011;11(3):407-411. Abstract

Late-onset visual loss is a complication of nerve entrapment and increased intracranial pressure. We hereby describe the first case in Eastern Africa. A 23 year-old lady presented with sudden blindness, headaches and body weakness. She had previously had treatment for multiple unexplained fractures. Findings of optic nerve entrapment explained this blindness. This case highlights the need to have a high index of suspicion in cases of unexplained fractures with late-onset blindness.

Gichuki N. Law of Financial Institutions in Kenya. Nairobi: LawAfrica; 2011.
Mbaria JM. "Lead Poisoning."; 2011. Abstract

Understanding of lead toxicity has advanced substantially over the past three decades, and focus has shifted from high-dose effects in clinically symptomatic individuals to the consequences of exposure at lower doses that cause no symptoms, particularly in children and fetuses. The availability of more sensitive analytic methods has made it possible to measure lead at much lower concentrations. This advance, along with more refined epidemiological techniques and better outcome measures, has lowered the least observable effect level until it approaches zero. As a consequence, the segment of the population who are diagnosed with exposure to toxic levels has expanded. At the same time, environmental efforts, most importantly the removal of lead from gasoline, have dramatically reduced the amount of lead in the biosphere. The remaining major source of lead is older housing stock. Although the cost of lead paint abatement is measured in billions of dollars, the monetized benefits of such a Herculean task have been shown to far outweigh the costs.

MARY MWIANDI. "Leadership and transformation of society.". In: Challenging the Rulers: a Leadership Model for Good Governance. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2011.
MURIITHI EVANSONMURIUKI. "THE LEARNING OF SCIENCES AMONG THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED STUDENTS." JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT SOCIETY OF KENYA. 2011.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Learning to read and reading to learn: A practical teacher's guide. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Communications Network. ISBN: 996-67336-3-9. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Communications Network; 2011. Abstract

The book focus on teaching methodology with special reference to reading

Inyega HN. Learning to read and reading to learn: A practical teachers' guide. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Publishers; 2011.
Karanja NK, Kimenju JM, Esilaba AO, Jefwa J, Ayuke F. "Legume Based Cropping and Soil Biodiversity Dynamics.". In: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.; 2011:. Abstract

The soil is home to an enormous diversity of organisms, many of which
are beneficial, while a small and equally diverse proportion contains harmful organisms.
Legume cropping and husbandry practices impact negatively or positively on
diversity. These changes in biodiversity may be quantitative and/or qualitative.
Sustainable management of diversity in soils involves an ecosystem approach which
encourages the establishment of equilibria between the organisms in the soil. It is
evident that the diversity of beneficial organisms in the soil can be harnessed to
improve and sustain crop productivity with minimal external inputs. Legumes will
continue to play a central role in the supply of plant nutrients and in the establishment
of a self-regulating ecosystem which is based on a diverse range of
organisms.

Karanja NK, Kimenju JM, Esilaba AO, Jefwa, J., Ayuke FO. "Legume based cropping and soil biodiversity dynamics.". In: In: Bationo, A., Waswa, B., Okeyo, J.M., Maina, F., Kihara, J., Mokwunye, U (Eds), Fighting Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Multiple Roles of Legumes in Integrated Soil Fertility Management, 4:67-83. Springer Publishers; 2011. Abstract

The soil is home to an enormous diversity of organisms, many of which are benefi cial, while a small and equally diverse proportion contains harmful organisms. Legume cropping and husbandry practices impact negatively or positively on diversity. These changes in biodiversity may be quantitative and/or qualitative.
Sustainable management of diversity in soils involves an ecosystem approach which encourages the establishment of equilibria between the organisms in the soil. It is evident that the diversity of benefi cial organisms in the soil can be harnessed to improve and sustain crop productivity with minimal external inputs. Legumes will continue to play a central role in the supply of plant nutrients and in the establishment of a self-regulating ecosystem which is based on a diverse range of organisms.

Khasakhala L, Sorsdahl KR, Harder VS, Williams DR, Ndetei DM. "Lifetime mental disorders and suicidal behaviour in South Africa.". 2011.
Oketch(ed.)E, Siele N. Life’s Prescription: A Journey of Inspiration through Poetry. Nairobi: BlueBay International; 2011.
Nzimbi BM. Linear Algebra II-ODL Programme. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2011.
Nyang’au TN, Misati L. "The Link between Rural Poverty and HIV/AIDS.". In: Working With Rural Communities. Second Edition. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2011.
Odhiambo T. "Literary Maps of Nairobi’s Citiness.". In: Afropolis: Cairo, Lagos, Nairobi, Kinshasa, Johannesburg. Koln: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther Konig; 2011.
Literary Translation in Kiswahili, . VDM Verlagsservicegesellschaft mbH, Germany: Lambart Academic Publishers; 2011.
Mwang'ombe AW, Ekaya WN, Muiru WM, Wasonga VO, Mnene WN, Mongare PN, Chege SW. "Livelihoods Under Climate Variability and Change: An Analysis of Adaptive Capacity of Rural Poor to Water Scacity in Kenya's Drylands." Journal of Environmental Science. 2011;4(4):403-410.abstract.doc
"Livelihoods Under Climate Variability and Change: An Analysis of the Adaptive Capacity Of Rural Poor to Water Scarcity in Kenya’s Drylands." Journal of Environment Science and Technology. 2011;ISSN 1994-7887:DOI: 10.3923/Jest.2011.
Susan S Imbahale, Krijn P Paaijmans, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Ron van Lammeren, Githeko AK, Takken W. "A longitudinal study on Anopheles mosquito larval abundance in distinct geographical and environmental settings in western Kenya. ." Malaria Journal. 2011;10:81.
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. ""Landlords, Tenants and the Law: There is Recourse to the Law".". In: Executive, Nairobi, 19-20.; 2011. Abstract
n/a
GICHOHI DRMBUTHIAPAUL. "Lucy Wanjiru Njagi, Paul Gichohi Mbuthia , Phillip Njeru Nyaga, Lilly Caroline Bebora, Uswege M. Minga. 2011. Viral nucleoprotein localization and lesions of Newcastle disease in tissues of indigenous ducks.Trop Anim Health Prod DOI 10.1007/s11250-011-995.". In: Livestock research for Rural development. Kenya Veterinary association; 2011. Abstract
bstract Localization of Newcastle disease viral nucleoprotein and pathological lesions was evaluated in tissues of 55 indigenous ducks (45 experimentally infected and 10 sentinel ones). In addition, ten Newcastle disease infected chickens were used to ensure that the virus inoculum administered to the ducks produced the disease in chickens, the susceptible hosts. Ducks were killed on day 1, 4, 8 and 14 post-infection. Postmortem examination was done with six tissues (liver, spleen, lung, caecal tonsils, kidneys and brain) being collected from each bird. The tissues were preserved in 10% neutral formalin for 24 h. They were then transferred to 70% ethanol for histology and immunohistochemical staining. Airsacculitis, necrotic splenic foci, congested intestines, lymphoid depleted caecal tonsils and focal infiltrations by mononuclear cells were the main pathological lesions in infected ducks. Over 28.9% of the infected ducks had Newcastle disease viral nucleoprotein in macrophage-like large mononuclear cells in the caecal tonsils and kidney tubular epithelium. The viral antigens were located in the cytoplasm and nucleolus of the cells. The other organs had no detectable viral antigens. This study shows that the kidneys and caecal tonsils are the likely predilection sites for the virus in ducks. They thus need to be considered as diagnostic indicators for the viral carriage in ducks
2010
Scheinfeldt LB, Tishkoff SA. "Living the high life: high-altitude adaptation." Genome Biology. 2010;11:133. AbstractWebsite

Genome-wide scans demonstrate that genetic variants associated with high-altitude adaptation in Tibetans and Andeans arose independently as a result of convergent adaptation. PMID: 20979669

Scheinfeldt LB, Tishkoff SA. "Living the high life: high-altitude adaptation." Genome Biology. 2010;11:133. AbstractWebsite

Genome-wide scans demonstrate that genetic variants associated with high-altitude adaptation in Tibetans and Andeans arose independently as a result of convergent adaptation. PMID: 20979669

Mogambi H. "Local language broadcasting in Kenya.". In: Global Media Research Centre. Southern Illinois University; 2010.
"Liberal Arts and the Achievement of vision 2030.". In: Synergy and Networking to Enhance Research and Development. 1st Alexander Van Humboldt Alumni Meridian Court Hotel, Nairobi.; 2010.
Mwachaka PM, Saidi HS, Odula PO, Awori KO, Kaisha WO. "Locating the arcuate line of Douglas: is it of surgical relevance?" Clinical anatomy (New York, {N.Y.)}. 2010;23:84-86. Abstract

Ventral hernia formation is a common complication of rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap harvest. The site and extent of harvest of the flap are known contributing factors. Therefore, an accurate location of the arcuate line of Douglas, which marks the lower extent of the posterior wall of the rectus sheath, may be relevant before harvesting the flap. This study is aimed at determining the position of the arcuate line in relation to anatomical landmarks of the anterior abdominal wall. Arcuate lines were examined in 80 (44 male, 36 female) subjects, aged between 18 and 70 years, during autopsies and dissection. The position of the arcuate line was determined in relation to the umbilicus, pubic symphysis, and intersections of rectus abdominis muscle. Sixty four (80.4%) cases had the arcuate line. In most cases (52), this line was located in the upper half of a line between the umbilicus and the pubic symphysis. Most males (93%) had the arcuate line, while more than a third of females did not have it. In all these cases, the line occurred bilaterally as a single arcade, constantly at the most distal intersection of the rectus abdominis muscle. Consequently, the arcuate line is most reliably marked superficially by the distal tendinous intersection of the rectus abdominis muscle. Harvesting of the muscle cranial to this point will minimize defects in the anterior abdominal wall that may lead to hernia formation.

Mwachaka PM, Saidi HS, Odula PO, Awori KO, Kaisha WO. "Locating the arcuate line of {Douglas}: is it of surgical relevance?" Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.). 2010;23:84-86. Abstract

Ventral hernia formation is a common complication of rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap harvest. The site and extent of harvest of the flap are known contributing factors. Therefore, an accurate location of the arcuate line of Douglas, which marks the lower extent of the posterior wall of the rectus sheath, may be relevant before harvesting the flap. This study is aimed at determining the position of the arcuate line in relation to anatomical landmarks of the anterior abdominal wall. Arcuate lines were examined in 80 (44 male, 36 female) subjects, aged between 18 and 70 years, during autopsies and dissection. The position of the arcuate line was determined in relation to the umbilicus, pubic symphysis, and intersections of rectus abdominis muscle. Sixty four (80.4%) cases had the arcuate line. In most cases (52), this line was located in the upper half of a line between the umbilicus and the pubic symphysis. Most males (93%) had the arcuate line, while more than a third of females did not have it. In all these cases, the line occurred bilaterally as a single arcade, constantly at the most distal intersection of the rectus abdominis muscle. Consequently, the arcuate line is most reliably marked superficially by the distal tendinous intersection of the rectus abdominis muscle. Harvesting of the muscle cranial to this point will minimize defects in the anterior abdominal wall that may lead to hernia formation.

Wambui P, Rodrigues A, Opiyo E. "Licence Plate Recognition System: Localization for Kenya.". In: ICCIR. Kampala Uganda; 2010.

UoN Websites Search