The Omo River accounts for about 90% of the lakes water budget, and thus contributes. significantly to its physical and chemical identity. The seasonal Kerio and Turkwel rivers contribute most of the remaining fluvial input. The lake is moderately saline, alkaline, and is well mixed by strong, diurnal, southeasterly winds. The dissolved salt composition is characterized by high sodium and bicarbonate concentrations. Wind stress generated on the lake surface, coupled with the basin morphometry results in a closed-gyre circulation pattern centred along the basins north-south trending axis. The Omo River plume seasonally augments the subsurface currents and effects reductions in salinity. The relative difference in the concentration of solvated ions with large hydration sizes between the lake and river water determine the rate limiting step during mixing of the two waters. Other processes modulating dissolved salts concentrations include authigenic mineral precipitation, adsorption/exchange with suspended clay particles, biogenic uptake and bottom sediment resuspension.