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MWANGI, EN, NEWSON RM, KAAYA GP.  Submitted.  Predation of free-living engorged female Rhipicephalus appendiculatus. AbstractPredation of free-living engorged female Rhipicephalus appendiculatus

In experiments done over a period of 1 1/2 years using engorged female Rhipicephalus appendiculatus tethered in a grass plot, 42% predation was observed in long grass (40-60 cm), and 36% in short grass (6-10 cm). Deaths due to environmental factors were 4.8% and 6.8% in long and short grass, respectively. Six groups of animals were confirmed to be predators of the ticks, namely: ants, spiders, rodents, birds, lizards and shrews. The implications of these results in making tick population models, and the possibility of using predators in integrated tick-control packages are discussed


Kinuthia, WE, Mwangi EM, Cheplogoi PK.  2013.  Screening for antimicrobial compounds in Gardenia volkensii fruits (Rubiaceae). AbstractWebsite

A modified iridoid (GV2) was isolated as a yellow powder in the yield of 0.3% of the dichloromethane crude extract of Gardenia volkensii fruits. It showed some antimicrobial activity on Escherichia coli with a Minimum Inhibitory concentration (MIC) of less than 20 μL of 10 mg/mL solution. The Inhibition Concentration (IC50) for for the Gardenia volkensii stem was 1166.809 mg/mL and for Doxycycline® antibiotic was 0.335 mg/mL. The stem bark IC50 was found to be 3,483 times active as compared to Doxtcycline® antibiotic, an indication that the plant can be used to treat microbial diseases though a higher dose is needed.

Mwangi, EM.  2013.  Kafue Flats. Golson, J.G (ed.) Biomes and Ecosystems: An Encyclopedia. , Pasadena, CA.: Salem Press


and Kamweya, A.M.; Mwangi, NMEMFK.  2012.  Elephant movement and local community attitudes towards the proposed corridor between Thegu forest and Sangare ranch. Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology . 14(1)
Kinyamario, J.I and Mwangi, E.  2012.  Principles of Environmental Biology and Conservation in Eastern Africa. : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co


Coombes, PH, Mwangi EM, Peters BK, Crouch NR, Mulholland DA.  2009.  The cyclobuta[b]quinoline alkaloid cyclomegistine from Teclea gerrardii I.Verd. (Toddalioideae: Rutaceae). Website



Kayentaoa, K, Mungai M, Parise M, Kodioa M, Keita S, Coulibalya D, Maiga B, Traoréa B, Doumboa OK.  2007.  Assessing malaria burden during pregnancy in Mali. Website
and Mwangi, KEMEU.  2007.  Overview of Principles and Application of Environmental Risk Assessment. Environment and Sustainable Development: A Guide for Higher Education in Kenya Volume 2. : Kenyatta University


and Mwangi, E. Raharimampionona, LSABJPEPS.  2006.  Bodiversity: Chapter 7 in African Environment Outlook 2: Our Environment, Our Wealth. African Environment Outlook 2: Our Environment, Our Wealth. : United Nations Environment Programme


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