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Hyunwoo, L., James, D. M., Tobias, P. F., Cynthia, J.E., A.K S, Zachary, D.S., Kianji, G. "Massive and prolonged deep carbon emissions associated with continental rifting." Natural Geosciece. 2016.lee2016_ng_co2degassingear-_recent_publication-january_2016.pdf
Hutterer, R. JP, Oguge N. "Crocidura macowi." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Hutterer, R. ON, Howell K. "Crocidura selina." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Hutterer R, Oguge N. "Crocidura fumosa." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Hutterer, R. HK, Oguge N. "Crocidura xantippe." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Hutterer, R. ON, Howell K. "Crocidura selina." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Hutchnison MJ, Owino WO, Gemma H, Ambuko J, Githiga RW. "Effect of maturity stage and cultivar on the efficacy of 1-MCP treatments in mango fruits.". 2013. Abstract
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Hutchinson MJ, Muniu FK, Ambuko J, Mwakangalu M, Mwangombe AW, Okello JJ, Olubayo F. "Effect of Cattle Manure and Calcium Ammonium Nitrogen on Growth and Leaf Yield of Local Cowpea Accessions in Coastal Kenya.". Submitted. Abstract
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Hutchinson MJ, Muchiri JN, Waithaka K. "Cold Storage and Flower Keeping Quality of Cut Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum L.)." Botswana Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences. 2011;7(2):4-11.12cold_storage_and_flower_keeping_quality_of_cut_lisianthus._2011._2.pdf
Hutchinson MJ. "The role of Spices in the Kenyan Economy. Second International Spice Group Meeting. Singapore.". In: The role of Spices in the Kenyan Economy. Second International Spice Group Meeting. Singapore. Songapore; 1989.
Hutchinson MJ, Senaratna T, Tsujita JM, Saxena. P. "Somatic embryogenesis in liquid cultures of a tetraploid Alstroemeria." Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture . 1997;47:293-297.somatic_embryogenesis_in_liquid_cultures_of_a_tetraploid_alstroemeria.
Hutchinson DM, Andika DD, Kioko DE, Mulwa DR, Isutsa PD, Musieba MF. Role of AIVs in Climate Smart Agriculture. 2016; 2016.role_of_aivs_in_climate_smart_agriculture.pdf
Hutchinson MJ. "The Contribution of African Women Scientists and Engineers”, Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Nairobi.". In: Food Security. African Women Scientists and Engineers (AWSE) Regional Conference “Decade into the 21st Century. Nairobi: UON; 2010.
Hutchinson MJ, Saxena. PK. "Acetylsalicylic acid enhances and synchronizes thidiazuron-induced somatic embryogenesis in geranium (Pelargoniumx hortorum Bailey) tissue cultures." Plant Cell Reports . 1996; 512-515.: 512-515. Abstract4.acetylsalicylic_acid_enhances_and_synchronizes_thidiazuron-induced_somatic_embryogenesis_in_geranium.

Thidiazuron (TDZ) effectively induced somatic embryogenesis in cultured hypocotyl explants of geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey) during only a 3-day period of induction. The presence of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) during this period caused a two-fold increase in the number of somatic embryos and enhanced synchronization of embryo development compared to the TDZ treatment alone. Salicylic acid was ineffective in modulating similar embryogenic responses as ASA. The ASA-induced enhancement and synchronization of somatic embryogenesis could possibly be used as an experimental system to study the interplay of growth regulators in somatic embryogenesis

Hutchinson MJ, Miranyi HK, Onyango CM, Kimani E. "Flowers: Effects of Glyphogan and Roundup on Propagation Ability and Vase life. ." Acta Horticulturae . 2015;1077:83-94.
Hussein IH, Hankin M, Dany M, Wasserman J, Jurjus A. "Perception and emotional impact of dissection on medical students ({LB}13)." The FASEB Journal. 2014;28:LB13. AbstractWebsite

Dissection contributes significantly to anatomical knowledge and the development of professionalism for medical students. This study assessed student emotional stress and coping in the anatomy lab and the perception of dissection on learning. A survey of Medicine I students (n=100) assessed: demographics, emotions and stress of the first dissection, anxiety, coping, and learning. With a response rate of 40%, our findings include: positive attitude towards the first dissection (n=33) although some students still found it stressful (n=17); cultural views impacted the lab experience (n=24); some used spirituality (n=10) or humor (n=6) to cope; most agreed that dissection enhanced understanding of anatomy (n=31) and the connection of between theoretical and applied knowledge (n=37); promoted teamwork (n=35); and highlighted respect for the human body (n=31) and the spirit of organ donation (n=28). While some have assumed that students have a negative attitude towards human dissection, our study showed that the majority of students reported a positive impact on various aspects of professionalism and humanism. We conclude that dissection is useful for students to establish not only technical skills and knowledge of the body, but also qualities associated with inter-professional teamwork and a humanistic attitude, without posing significant emotional stress.

Hussein A. Oral health status among children with and without cleft lip and palate seen in Nairobi, Kenya.; 2003. Abstract

Clefts of the lip and palate (CLP) are amongst the commonest craniofacial anomalies
encountered by clinicians. Compared to many other anomalies, CLP is easily diagnosed
and described. Due to this, it has been one of the most intensively studied congenital
malformation worldwide. Anomalies of the face give rise to considerable morbidity
which is psychologically traumatic to the parents. Thus the need to study the oral health
status of children with cleft lip/palate (CLP) in a section of a Kenyan population.
Type of study: A descriptive comparative cross-sectional study.
Methods: A total of 89 children were clinically examined, 49 formed the study group
(children with clefts) and 40 were the control group (children without clefts) ; age range,
2 to 15 years. Factors such as plaque, gingivitis, caries, missing teeth and stage of the
dentition were recorded.
Setting: Nairobi, Kenya.
Results: Out of the 49 children in the study group, 55% had CLP and 33% had CLA
while 6%had isolated CL. The prevalence of plaque was 96.27% in the 'study group while
among the control group this was lower at 89.5% (p<0.05). This was reflected by the
significant difference observed in the frequency of tooth brushing (x211.564 l df
p=O.OOI). Children with clefts had a significantly increased number of units with
gingivitis ranging from 79.2% for tooth 16 (p=0.04) to 51.6% for tooth 52 (p =0.264),
although not statistically significant in the latter.
The prevalence of caries in the study group was 11.8% (95% CI; 9.8%-13.8%) and the
control group was 8% (95% CI; 6.2%-9.8%). This difference was significant (p<0.05).
These children also showed an increased number of carious teeth in the posterior
segments ranging from 16.7% for tooth 16 (p>O.05) to 41.2% for tooth 46 (p>O.05),
while in the deciduous dentition it ranged from 22.6% for tooth 61 (p>O.05) to 36.7% for
tooth75 ( p>O.05)and was not significant. The children with clefts also showed generally
delayed eruption in both the permanent and the deciduous dentitions. This was significant
for the lateral incisors in the deciduous dentition (pO.05).
Conclusions: Children with clefts had generally poor oral hygiene and gingival health
with an increased number of carious teeth compared to children without clefts. These
children should be considered to have an increased risk of developing dental diseases and
therefore,will require stringent oral hygiene instructions and regular reviews by dental
professionals. Their treatment should involve preventive and curative services in order to
maintain healthy primary and permanent dentitions.

Hussein AA. Effects of Disturbance on Small Mammals and vegetation Diversity in Oloolua Forest, Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya.: University of Nairobi.; 2009.
Hurisso TT, Norton U, Norton JB, Odhiambo J, Grosso SDJ, Hergert GW, Lyon DJ. "Dryland soil greenhouse gases and yield-scaled emissions in no-till and organic winter wheat–fallow systems." Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2016;80(1):178-192.
HURIA PROFNDERITUJOHN. "Muthomi, J.W.; Otieno P.E.; Chemining.". In: J. Boil. Sci. 7(7) : 1163 . Nderitu, J, H, and Kasina, J, M.; 2007. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of occurrence of dental injuries in the 0-15 year-olds. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and five patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 505 patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. Most of the injuries were recorded in the year 1999 (22.2%). Boys were more affected (63.0%) than girls (37.0%). The main presenting complaint recorded was pain (75.8%).The majority of the patients (69.5%) presented for treatment during the same day or the day after trauma. Falls were the leading cause of injuries (73.5%). Most injuries involved two teeth (47.1%) and the maxillary central incisors were the most affected teeth both in the primary (67.5%) and permanent (64.0%) dentitions. Luxation injuries were the most common type of dental trauma with 47.5% occurring in the permanent teeth and 77.3% in the primary teeth. The main radiographic investigation performed was intraoral periapical views (52.9%) following which dental extraction (34.4%) was the main treatment modality offered. CONCLUSION: Prospective cross-sectional studies to determine the prevalence of dental injuries are needed. Furthermore improving the knowledge of dental practitioners through continuing dental education programmes would help in updating them on current trends in managing these injuries.
HURIA PROFNDERITUJOHN. "Tende, R. M., J. H. Nderitu, Mugo, S., J. M. Songa, F. O. Olubayo and D. Bergvinson (2005). Screening for development of resistance by the spotted stem borer(Chilo partellus) to Bt maize.". In: African Crop Science Conference Proc. Kampala, 5-9 December 2005. Mwaniki, S. W.; Nderitu, J. H. ; Olubayo, F.; Kimenju, J. W.; 2005. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of occurrence of dental injuries in the 0-15 year-olds. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and five patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 505 patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. Most of the injuries were recorded in the year 1999 (22.2%). Boys were more affected (63.0%) than girls (37.0%). The main presenting complaint recorded was pain (75.8%).The majority of the patients (69.5%) presented for treatment during the same day or the day after trauma. Falls were the leading cause of injuries (73.5%). Most injuries involved two teeth (47.1%) and the maxillary central incisors were the most affected teeth both in the primary (67.5%) and permanent (64.0%) dentitions. Luxation injuries were the most common type of dental trauma with 47.5% occurring in the permanent teeth and 77.3% in the primary teeth. The main radiographic investigation performed was intraoral periapical views (52.9%) following which dental extraction (34.4%) was the main treatment modality offered. CONCLUSION: Prospective cross-sectional studies to determine the prevalence of dental injuries are needed. Furthermore improving the knowledge of dental practitioners through continuing dental education programmes would help in updating them on current trends in managing these injuries.
HURIA PROFNDERITUJOHN. "J. W. Muthomi; P. E. Otieno; G. N. Chemingw.". In: J. Entomol. 5(3): 156-163. Nderitu, J, H, and Kasina, J, M.; 2008. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of occurrence of dental injuries in the 0-15 year-olds. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and five patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 505 patient records with dental injuries were retrieved and analysed. Most of the injuries were recorded in the year 1999 (22.2%). Boys were more affected (63.0%) than girls (37.0%). The main presenting complaint recorded was pain (75.8%).The majority of the patients (69.5%) presented for treatment during the same day or the day after trauma. Falls were the leading cause of injuries (73.5%). Most injuries involved two teeth (47.1%) and the maxillary central incisors were the most affected teeth both in the primary (67.5%) and permanent (64.0%) dentitions. Luxation injuries were the most common type of dental trauma with 47.5% occurring in the permanent teeth and 77.3% in the primary teeth. The main radiographic investigation performed was intraoral periapical views (52.9%) following which dental extraction (34.4%) was the main treatment modality offered. CONCLUSION: Prospective cross-sectional studies to determine the prevalence of dental injuries are needed. Furthermore improving the knowledge of dental practitioners through continuing dental education programmes would help in updating them on current trends in managing these injuries.
Huong LQ, Reinhard F, Padungtod P, Hanh TT, Kyule MN, Baumann MPO, Zessin KH. "Prevalence of Salmonella in Retail Chicken Meat in Hanoi, Vietnam.". 2006. Abstract

Infection with Salmonella (S.) is the most frequently reported cause of bacterial food-borne illness worldwide. Poultry are a common source and, in recent years, much attention has been focused in determining the prevalence of Salmonella during the different stages in the poultry production chain. This article was designed to investigate the prevalence of Salmonella serovars in retail chicken meat sold in Hanoi. A total of 262 samples were randomly collected from retail markets and examined for the presence of Salmonella. Of these samples, 48.9% were found to be contaminated with Salmonella. Predominant serotypes were S. Agona, S. Emek, S. London. The prevalence of S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium was considered. These findings have highlighted the magnitude of Salmonella contamination in retail chicken meat in Hanoi. On the basis of these preliminary survey results, it is recommended that a cost-effective monitoring and surveillance system for Salmonella should be established in Hanoi. This system should be augmented by good agricultural and hygienic practices and well-designed longitudinal research activities on the whole poultry production chain.

Hunter AL, Klaassen CD. "Biliary excretion of colchicine in newborn rats." Drug Metab. Dispos.. 1975;3(6):530-5. Abstract

The 24-hr LD50 of colchicine in newborn rats is 0.24 mg/kg, which is about 1/10 that observed in the adult. The 24-hr LD50 of colchicine was relatively constant in rats over 25 days of age. In an attempt to determine the mechanism of the increased sensitivity of the newborn rat to the toxic action of colchicine, the distribution of 3H after the administration of 3H-colchicine (0.1 mg/kg) was measured in 10- and 35-day-old rats. The concentration of 3H was higher in all tissues of the newborn than the adult after ip administration, suggesting an immaturity in the pathway for colchicine elimination. After iv administration, radioactivity disappeared much more slowly from the plasma of the newborn rat than from the adult. This was due to a lower capacity of the liver of the newborn to concentrate colchicine and to excrete it into the bile. Development of the hepatic excretory mechanism responsible for excretion of colchicine occurred at the same age as did the increase in LD50. These results suggest that colchicine is more toxic in the newborn because the drug remains in the body for a longer time due to immaturity of the liver excretory process.

Hungu CW, Gathumbi P, Maingi N, Ng'ang'a CJ. "Production characteristics and constraints of rabbit farming in Central, Nairobi and Riftvalley.". 2013. Abstract

Studies on rabbit production in Kenya have not included in-depth analysis of the potentials of keeping rabbits in the rural and urban household setting. In this study questionnaire and examination sheets were used to record the information. The results of this research revealed that rabbit farmers in Central, Nairobi and Rift Valley provinces practice small scale farming essentially due to small land space, which if well adopted, can be practiced widely. There was sustained interest in rabbit farming which was shown by a large proportion of farmers (51%) who had kept rabbits between 1 and 5 years. The most common breeds of rabbits kept were New Zealand white (73%), Californian (60%) and their cross breeds (51%) which were all suitable for meat production. This study revealed that farmers had limited access to technical information in rabbit farming and this was seen in the poor design and construction of the rabbit hutches. Majority of farmers (64%) bought their breeding stock from other farmers, with only a small proportion buying from breeding centres (17%). This practice of buying replacement stock among farmers was likely to lead to inbreeding. The major constraints of rabbit farming are those dealing with production; disease (83%), predators like rats (29%), death of rabbits (69%) and unavailability of rabbit feed (19%). The results also indicated that there are opportunities and challenges to increase rabbit production in the country though access to technology and marketing strategies are major hindrances to this development.

Hungu DEW. "Thromboembolic and bleeding complications in patients with prosthetic heart valves at the Kenyatta National Hospital." Annals of African Surgery. 2012;9. Abstract

Background: Despite constant monitoring of anticoagulation in prosthetic valve patients, haematologic complications occur. This study documented the occurrence of such complications and associated risk factors at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH).
Study design: Observational study reviewing 142 patients, 39 prospective and 103 retrospective.
Outcome measures: International Normalised Ratio (INR); presence of signs and symptoms of haematological complications.
Results: Forty four (31%) patients presented with bleeding tendencies, 28 grade I and 4 grade III. The most common thromboembolic complication was headache in 33 (23.2%) patients. Mean duration of anticoagulation for patients with complications was 82.9 months (± 64), compared to 60.8 months (± 43.8) in those without. Nine patients were non-compliant in taking medications, haematologic complications presenting in 8 of them.
Conclusion: A positive association was established between hematologic complications and INR levels, duration of anticoagulation therapy, non-compliance in taking of medications, and increased period between clinic visits. Of these only the duration of anticoagulation was an independent predictor for haematological complications.

Hukka JJ, Katko TS, Nyangeri EN. "Privitazation or public Utilities reforms? .". In: Water Africa `98 Conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 1998.
Hughey M. "Time, money and the housestaff officer." IMJ Ill Med J. 1975;148(5):534, 557.
Hughes JP, Baeten JM, Lingappa JR, Magaret AS, Wald A, de Bruyn G, Kiarie J, Inambao M, Kilembe W, Farquhar C, Celum C. "Determinants of per-coital-act HIV-1 infectivity among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples." J. Infect. Dis.. 2012;205(3):358-65. Abstract

Knowledge of factors that affect per-act infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is important for designing HIV-1 prevention interventions and for the mathematical modeling of the spread of HIV-1.

Hughes JP, Baeten JM, Lingappa JR, Magaret AS, Wald A, de Bruyn G, Kiarie J, Inambao M, Kilembe W, Farquhar C, Celum C. "Determinants of per-coital-act HIV-1 infectivity among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples." J. Infect. Dis.. 2012;205(3):358-65. Abstract

Knowledge of factors that affect per-act infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is important for designing HIV-1 prevention interventions and for the mathematical modeling of the spread of HIV-1.

HUDSON DRWEREJAMEN. "On the multipliers of the class Lip∝belonging to the Faber Schander System.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi, November 1998(ISBN-9966-879-25-0). Mwaniki, S. W.; Nderitu, J. H. ; Olubayo, F.; Kimenju, J. W.; 1988.
Hudson JI, Giacalone JJ. "Current issues in primary care education: review and commentary." J Med Educ. 1975;50(12 pt 2):211-33.
HUDSON DRWEREJAMEN. "An Introduction to Calculus.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi, November 1998(ISBN-9966-879-25-0). Mwaniki, S. W.; Nderitu, J. H. ; Olubayo, F.; Kimenju, J. W.; 1990. Abstract
R.J. Cowen, J.H. Were and P.T. Vas: An Introduction to Calculus, Nairobi University Pren 1990.  
HUDSON DRWEREJAMEN. "On the rearrangement of the signs of the coefficients of the series in the Faber-Schauder system.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi, November 1998(ISBN-9966-879-25-0). Mwaniki, S. W.; Nderitu, J. H. ; Olubayo, F.; Kimenju, J. W.; 1987.
HUDSON DRWEREJAMEN. "Series for functions belonging to the Class.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi, November 1998(ISBN-9966-879-25-0). Mwaniki, S. W.; Nderitu, J. H. ; Olubayo, F.; Kimenju, J. W.; 1988. Abstract
J.H. Were, Faber Schander: Series for functions belonging to the Class Hw/Odessa State University 1988-23 pages Ukriniiti 05.05.88, No. 1072 yk88.
Huchko MJ;, Maloba M;, Bukusi EA. "Safety of the loop electrosurgical excision procedure performed by clinical officers in an HIV primary care setting. .". 2010. AbstractWebsite

The increasing availability of HIV clinics providing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically reduced AIDS-related morbidity and mortality in resource-limited settings. However, the impact of HAART on development and progression of cervical neoplasia and invasive cervical cancer remains uncertain [ The following popper user interface control may not be accessible. Tab to the next button to revert the control to an accessible version. Destroy user interface control1]. The longer life expectancy among HIV-infected women receiving HAART may actually increase the overall risk for cervical cancer, underscoring the need for prevention strategies for this high-risk population. A potentially cost-effective way of providing this “primary” care may be through HIV clinics, which are generally well staffed and have more resources than government or private clinics [ The following popper user interface control may not be accessible. Tab to the next button to revert the control to an accessible version. Destroy user interface control2]. In addition to utilizing the staffing and infrastructure in place to provide HIV care and HAART, incorporating cervical cancer screening into an HIV clinic visit may increase screening uptake and follow up. One key element of cervical cancer prevention is the coupling of accurate screening methodologies with safe and effective outpatient treatment for cervical neoplasia. The loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) has better efficacy among HIV-infected women than cryotherapy [ The following popper user interface control may not be accessible. Tab to the next button to revert the control to an accessible version. Destroy user interface control3], and although LEEP requires electricity, it has been used successfully in resource-limited settings [ The following popper user interface control may not be accessible. Tab to the next button to revert the control to an accessible version. Destroy user interface control4]. However, LEEP is generally considered a surgical procedure to be performed by physicians or highly-trained midwives. We sought to establish the feasibility and safety of training midlevel HIV primary care providers to perform LEEP in an HIV care and treatment clinic in Kisumu, Kenya. Ethical approval was obtained from all collaborating institutions prior to initiation of screening and treatment. This evaluation took place at the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES) clinic in Kisumu, Kenya. Kisumu, Kenya’s third largest city, has a population of 400 000. FACES partners with the Kenyan Government to provide free HIV care services as per Ministry of Health guidelines. Most visits are done by clinical officers (physician assistants), with medical officers available for consultation. As part of the cervical cancer screening program, all interested clinical officers at FACES were offered LEEP training. Between October 2007 and October 2009, 4 clinical officers underwent training and certification, and performed 181 LEEPs. Women were followed up for complications by telephone at 1 week and during a return visit at 1 month. All women were seen within 6 weeks of LEEP. Five women (3%) had procedure-related complications (Table 1). With the exception of the antibiotics, no additional treatment or referral was required. In our experience, LEEP was performed safely by clinical officers within an HIV-care clinic, expanding potential options for cervical cancer screening programs.

Huch NKM, Hanak AS, Specht I, Dortu CM, Thonart P, Mbugua S, Holzapfel WH, Hertel C, Franz CM. "Use of Lactobacillus strains to start cassava fermentations for Gari production.". 2008.
Huberman AD. "Mechanisms of eye-specific visual circuit development." Current opinion in neurobiology. 2007;17:73-80. Abstract

Eye-specific visual connections are a prominent model system for exploring how precise circuits develop in the CNS and, in particular, for addressing the role of neural activity in synapse elimination and axon refinement. Recent experiments have identified the features of spontaneous retinal activity that mediate eye-specific retinogeniculate segregation, the synaptic events associated with this process, and the importance of axon guidance cues for organizing the overall layout of eye-specific maps. The classic model of ocular dominance column development, in which spontaneous retinal activity plays a crucial role, has also gained new support. Although many outstanding questions remain, the mechanisms that instruct eye-specific circuit development are becoming clear.

Huberman AD, Feller MB, Chapman B. "Mechanisms underlying development of visual maps and receptive fields." Annual review of neuroscience. 2008;31:479-509. Abstract

Patterns of synaptic connections in the visual system are remarkably precise. These connections dictate the receptive field properties of individual visual neurons and ultimately determine the quality of visual perception. Spontaneous neural activity is necessary for the development of various receptive field properties and visual feature maps. In recent years, attention has shifted to understanding the mechanisms by which spontaneous activity in the developing retina, lateral geniculate nucleus, and visual cortex instruct the axonal and dendritic refinements that give rise to orderly connections in the visual system. Axon guidance cues and a growing list of other molecules, including immune system factors, have also recently been implicated in visual circuit wiring. A major goal now is to determine how these molecules cooperate with spontaneous and visually evoked activity to give rise to the circuits underlying precise receptive field tuning and orderly visual maps.

Huberman AD, Feller MB, Chapman B. "Mechanisms {Underlying} {Development} of {Visual} {Maps} and {Receptive} {Fields}." Annual Review of Neuroscience. 2008;31:479-509. AbstractWebsite

Patterns of synaptic connections in the visual system are remarkably precise. These connections dictate the receptive field properties of individual visual neurons and ultimately determine the quality of visual perception. Spontaneous neural activity is necessary for the development of various receptive field properties and visual feature maps. In recent years, attention has shifted to understanding the mechanisms by which spontaneous activity in the developing retina, lateral geniculate nucleus, and visual cortex instruct the axonal and dendritic refinements that give rise to orderly connections in the visual system. Axon guidance cues and a growing list of other molecules, including immune system factors, have also recently been implicated in visual circuit wiring. A major goal now is to determine how these molecules cooperate with spontaneous and visually evoked activity to give rise to the circuits underlying precise receptive field tuning and orderly visual maps.

Hubbard WC, Alley MC, McLemore TL, Boyd MR. "Profiles of prostaglandin biosynthesis in sixteen established cell lines derived from human lung, colon, prostate, and ovarian tumors." Cancer Res.. 1988;48(17):4770-5. Abstract

The profiles of prostanoid biosynthesis from endogenous arachidonic acid in 16 established cell lines derived from 4 histological classes of human carcinomas were determined by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Detectable quantities of prostanoids were isolated from the culture medium of cell lines representative of the different histological classes of human tumors: colorectal adenocarcinomas (one of three cell lines); ovarian adenocarcinomas (one of three cell lines); prostate adenocarcinomas (zero of two cell lines); non-small cell carcinomas of the lung (four of five cell lines); and small cell carcinomas of the lung (zero of three cell lines). Prostaglandins E2 and F2 alpha were the only prostanoids synthesized in detectable quantities. Prostaglandin E2 biosynthesis (mean +/- SD), pmol/10(6) cells, n = 4) in cell lines exhibiting positive prostaglandin H synthase activity was: LoVo (colorectal adenocarcinoma, 0.4 +/- 0.1); A2780 (ovarian adenocarcinoma, 1.3 +/- 0.3); NCI-H322 (bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma, 8.4 +/- 3.1); NCI-H358 (bronchioloalveolar cell carcinoma, 7.8 +/- 2.4); EKVX (adenocarcinoma of the lung, 21.3 +/- 5.5); and A427 (large cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the lung, 12.6 +/- 2.8). Prostaglandin F2 alpha production (pmol/10(6) cells +/- SD) was: LoVo (0.3 +/- 0.1); NCI-H322 (0.6 +/- 0.2); NCI-H358 (0.4 +/- 0.1); EKVX (1.8 +/- 0.4); and A427 (11.1 +/- 3.1). These findings suggest that within certain limitations cultured tumor cells provide simplified experimental systems for determination of prostaglandin biosynthetic characteristics of human tumors and that prostanoid biosynthesis may be particularly characteristic of certain non-small cell carcinomas of the lung.

Hubacher D, Liku J, Kiarie J, Rakwar J, Muiruri P, Omwenga J, Chen P-L. "Effect of concurrent use of anti-retroviral therapy and levonorgestrel sub-dermal implant for contraception on CD4 counts: a prospective cohort study in Kenya." J Int AIDS Soc. 2013;16:18448. Abstract

Simultaneous use of contraceptive hormones and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) may theoretically lessen the effectiveness of both. Women on ART need assurance that hormonal contraception is safe and effective. The sub-dermal implant is an ideal product to study: low and steady progestin release and no adherence uncertainties. We sought to determine if the medications' effectiveness is compromised.

Hubacher D, Liku J, Kiarie J, Rakwar J, Muiruri P, Omwenga J, Chen P-L. "Effect of concurrent use of anti-retroviral therapy and levonorgestrel sub-dermal implant for contraception on CD4 counts: a prospective cohort study in Kenya." J Int AIDS Soc. 2013;16:18448. Abstract

Simultaneous use of contraceptive hormones and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) may theoretically lessen the effectiveness of both. Women on ART need assurance that hormonal contraception is safe and effective. The sub-dermal implant is an ideal product to study: low and steady progestin release and no adherence uncertainties. We sought to determine if the medications' effectiveness is compromised.

Hubacher D, Olawo A, Manduku C, Kiarie J. "Factors associated with uptake of subdermal contraceptive implants in a young Kenyan population." Contraception. 2011;84(4):413-7. Abstract

Subdermal contraceptive implants may be a reasonable option for young women in sub-Saharan Africa; little is known about factors associated with method uptake in this subpopulation.

Hubacher D, Olawo A, Manduku C, Kiarie J, Chen P-L. "Preventing unintended pregnancy among young women in Kenya: prospective cohort study to offer contraceptive implants." Contraception. 2012;86(5):511-7. Abstract

Subdermal contraceptive implants have low discontinuation rates but are underused among young women in Africa. This study aimed to isolate the role initial contraceptive method has on preventing unintended pregnancy.

Hubacher D, Olawo A, Manduku C, Kiarie J. "Factors associated with uptake of subdermal contraceptive implants in a young Kenyan population." Contraception. 2011;84(4):413-7. Abstract

Subdermal contraceptive implants may be a reasonable option for young women in sub-Saharan Africa; little is known about factors associated with method uptake in this subpopulation.

Hubacher D, Olawo A, Manduku C, Kiarie J, Chen P-L. "Preventing unintended pregnancy among young women in Kenya: prospective cohort study to offer contraceptive implants." Contraception. 2012;86(5):511-7. Abstract

Subdermal contraceptive implants have low discontinuation rates but are underused among young women in Africa. This study aimed to isolate the role initial contraceptive method has on preventing unintended pregnancy.

Huart C, Rombaux P, Hummel T. "Plasticity of the {Human} {Olfactory} {System}: {The} {Olfactory} {Bulb}." Molecules. 2013;18:11586-11600. AbstractWebsite

In the last years, an increasing interest has been paid to the olfactory system, particularly to its abilities of plasticity and its potential continuous neurogenesis throughout adult life. Although mechanisms underlying adult neurogenesis have been largely investigated in animals, to some degree they remain unclear in humans. Based on human research findings, the present review will focus on the olfactory bulb as an evidence of the astonishing plasticity of the human olfactory system.

Huart C, Rombaux P, Hummel T. "Plasticity of the {Human} {Olfactory} {System}: {The} {Olfactory} {Bulb}." Molecules. 2013;18:11586-11600. AbstractWebsite

In the last years, an increasing interest has been paid to the olfactory system, particularly to its abilities of plasticity and its potential continuous neurogenesis throughout adult life. Although mechanisms underlying adult neurogenesis have been largely investigated in animals, to some degree they remain unclear in humans. Based on human research findings, the present review will focus on the olfactory bulb as an evidence of the astonishing plasticity of the human olfactory system.

Huang SJ OJM. "Multi-component comb shaped and networks containing poly(lactic acid)." Polym.Mat.Sci.Eng.,. 1995;72((1)):137.
Huang, TT; Lewis SR, Amayo E;, Lewis SR. "A histological study of the lower tarsus and the significance in the surgical management of a involutional (senile) entropion.". 1981. Abstract

The dimension of the lower tarsus diminishes with aging. Changes in the number and size of the meibomian glands and in the character of intermingling fibroconnective tissues are thought to be responsible. Furthermore, such alterations of the structural integrity play an important role in the pathogenesis of entropion encountered commonly in the elderly. We have advocated the use of an autogenous cartilage graft harvested from the ear to correct the deformity, especially in instances where the conventional methods of correction have failed.

http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/51366. "Chemicals in the livestock industry."; 2001.
Hsiao CF, Fukuda Y. "Plastic changes in the distribution and soma size of retinal ganglion cells after neonatal monocular enucleation in rats." Brain research. 1984;301:1-12. Abstract

Using the method of retrograde labeling of ganglion cells with HRP, we studied in adult rats the plastic changes in the retinogeniculate projections due to monocular enucleations shortly after birth. Four normal and 6 neonatally enucleated rats were used. In two of the normal and 4 of the enucleated rats a small amount of HRP was injected into the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGd) and in 4 other rats massive injections were made into the optic tract near the LGd. Neonatally unilaterally eye-enucleated rats were characterized by an expanded distribution of ipsilaterally projecting ganglion cells all over the retina of the remaining eye and by a densely packed distribution of these cells in the lower temporal retina in which area these cells have only a moderate density in normal rats. On the contrary, in the lower temporal retina of monocularly enucleated rats the incidence of contralaterally projecting ganglion cells was decreased. Soma areas of ipsi- and contralaterally projecting ganglion cells were measured for the peripheral crescent in lower temporal and lower nasal retinas. As compared with normal rats, neonatally enucleated rats had a larger mean soma area of ipsilaterally projecting cells and a smaller mean soma area of contralaterally projecting cells. This result was interpreted as suggesting that after neonatal monocular enucleation medium to large cells had changed their side of axonal projection from the contralateral to ipsilateral LGd.

Hsiao CF, Fukuda Y. "Plastic changes in the distribution and soma size of retinal ganglion cells after neonatal monocular enucleation in rats." Brain research. 1984;301:1-12. Abstract

Using the method of retrograde labeling of ganglion cells with HRP, we studied in adult rats the plastic changes in the retinogeniculate projections due to monocular enucleations shortly after birth. Four normal and 6 neonatally enucleated rats were used. In two of the normal and 4 of the enucleated rats a small amount of HRP was injected into the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGd) and in 4 other rats massive injections were made into the optic tract near the LGd. Neonatally unilaterally eye-enucleated rats were characterized by an expanded distribution of ipsilaterally projecting ganglion cells all over the retina of the remaining eye and by a densely packed distribution of these cells in the lower temporal retina in which area these cells have only a moderate density in normal rats. On the contrary, in the lower temporal retina of monocularly enucleated rats the incidence of contralaterally projecting ganglion cells was decreased. Soma areas of ipsi- and contralaterally projecting ganglion cells were measured for the peripheral crescent in lower temporal and lower nasal retinas. As compared with normal rats, neonatally enucleated rats had a larger mean soma area of ipsilaterally projecting cells and a smaller mean soma area of contralaterally projecting cells. This result was interpreted as suggesting that after neonatal monocular enucleation medium to large cells had changed their side of axonal projection from the contralateral to ipsilateral LGd.

Hołyńska B, Muia LM, Maina DM. "Evaluation of fundamental parameters method for biological materials and soil analysis by energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry.". 1987. AbstractWebsite

Two methods of determination of trace elements in plant materials, viz. the fundamental parameters method (FPM) and the empirical method with the use of standard samples, were compared. Hay CRM and fresh tea leaves were used in measurements. Good agreement was achieved for the determination of a number of elements by both methods. Also Soil-7 Certified Reference Material (CRM) was analysed using emission-transmission method for absorption correction and FPM for concentration determination. The agreement with CRM was found to be reasonably good for several elements.

Howson KM, Aplin AC, Gelati M, Alessandri G, Parati EA, Nicosia RF. "The postnatal rat aorta contains pericyte progenitor cells that form spheroidal colonies in suspension culture." American journal of physiology. Cell physiology. 2005;289:C1396-1407. Abstract

Pericytes play an important role in modulating angiogenesis, but the origin of these cells is poorly understood. To evaluate whether the mature vessel wall contains pericyte progenitor cells, nonendothelial mesenchymal cells isolated from the rat aorta were cultured in a serum-free medium optimized for stem cells. This method led to the isolation of anchorage-independent cells that proliferated slowly in suspension, forming spheroidal colonies. This process required basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in the culture medium, because bFGF withdrawal caused the cells to attach to the culture dish and irreversibly lose their capacity to grow in suspension. Immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR analysis revealed the expression of the precursor cell markers CD34 and Tie-2 and the absence of endothelial cell markers (CD31 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase, eNOS) and smooth muscle cell markers (alpha-smooth muscle actin, alpha-SMA). In addition, spheroid-forming cells were positive for NG2, nestin, PDGF receptor (PDGFR)-alpha, and PDGFR-beta. Upon exposure to serum, these cells lost CD34 expression, acquired alpha-SMA, and attached to the culture dish. Returning these cells to serum-free medium failed to restore their original spheroid phenotype, suggesting terminal differentiation. When embedded in collagen gels, spheroid-forming cells rapidly migrated in response to PDGF-BB and became dendritic. Spheroid-forming cells cocultured in collagen with angiogenic outgrowths of rat aorta or isolated endothelial cells transformed into pericytes. These results demonstrate that the rat aorta contains primitive mesenchymal cells capable of pericyte differentiation. These immature cells may represent an important source of pericytes during angiogenesis in physiological and pathological processes. They may also provide a convenient supply of mural cells for vascular bioengineering applications.

Howell K, Oguge N. "Beamys hindei." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Howell, K. ON, Chitaukali W. "Beamys major." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Howell AR, Ndakala AJ. "The Preparation and the Biological Significance of Phytosphingosines." Current Organic Chemistry. 2002;6:365-391.
Howard B;, Macfarlane WV;, Maloiy GMO. "Tritiated water in field studies of ruminant metabolism in Africa."; 1972.
Hoshino, et al. Environment Conservation and Local Culture in the Region Suffering from Soil Erosion in Western Kenya. Nagoya: Published by the International Cooperation Center for Agricultural Education (ICCAE); 2010.
Horty JF. "Negligence serves two masters." Mod Healthc (Short Term Care). 1976;5(1):58-60.
Horty JF. "Denial of staff privileges upheld." Mod Healthc (Short Term Care). 1975;4(6):64-5.
Hori D, Tsujiguchi H, Kambayashi Y, Kitaoka M, et al. "The association between lifestyles and mental health using General Health Questionnaire 12-items are different dependently on age and sex: a population-based cross-sectional study." Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. 2016;21(6):410-421.
Horan TC, Gaynes RP, Martone WJ, Jarvis WR, Emori TG. "{CDC} definitions of nosocomial surgical site infections, 1992: a modification of {CDC} definitions of surgical wound infections." Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 1992;13:606-608. Abstract
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Hope R, Olago D, Opondo M, Mumma A, Ouma G, Dulo S, A Trevett, Harvey P, Stallone A, Koehler J, Katuva J, James R, Washington R, Bradley D, Cheeseman N, Borgomeo E, Charles K, Thomson P. Country Diagnostic Report, Kenya.; 2015. Abstractcountry_diagnostic_report_kenya.pdfOxford University Research Archive

Kenya is one of Africa’s most dynamic and entrepreneurial economies, but one with increasing water security risks. These risks are of growing concern to the poor; where it is clear current poverty metrics do not capture the impact and implications of water shocks or long-term human exposure to water risks. This report highlights 4 significant but uncertain developments that will interact to determine Kenya’s progress in its quest to reach middle-income status by 2030 and improve water security for over 17 million poor people: the impacts of decentralisation resilience to climate shocks reducing inequality harnessing mobile ecosystems. The report presents potential locations to establish Water Security Observatories that address these key issues and developments. Through a risk-based approach and science-practitioner partnerships, the observatories are proposed to examine ‘small towns in fragile lands’ and ‘build water secure institutions’ with the goal of reducing water security risks for the poor. This paper is an output from the REACH Improving Water Security for the Poor programme

Höltje JV, Mirelman D, Sharon N, Schwarz U. "Novel type of murein transglycosylase in Escherichia coli." J. Bacteriol.. 1975;124(3):1067-76. Abstract

The purification and properties of a novel type of murein transglycosylase from Escherichia coli are described. The purified enzyme appears as a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels and has an apparent molecular weight of approximately 65,000 as estimated by gel filtration and gel electrophoresis. It degrades pure murein sacculi from E. coli almost completely into low-molecular-weight products. The two prominent muropeptide fragments in the digest are the disaccharide-tripeptide N-acetylglucosamine-N-acetylmuramic acid-L-alanine-D-iso-glutamic acid-meso-diaminopimelic acid and the corresponding disaccharide-tetrapeptide N-acetylglucosamine-N-acetylmuramic acid-L-alanine-D-iso-glutamic acid-meso-diaminopimelic acid-D-alanine. The unique feature of these compounds is that the disaccharide has no reducing end group and that the muramic acid residue possesses an internal 1 leads to 6 anhydro linkage. The new lytic enzyme is designated as a murein: murein transglycosylase. Its possible role in the rearrangement of murein during cell growth and division is discussed.

Holmgren JH. "Automated laundry increases productivity." Mod Healthc (Short Term Care). 1976;5(6):60.
Höhndorf H. "[The accident-injured foot in occupational life]." Beitr Orthop Traumatol. 1975;22(2):104-6.
Hogan NM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kilonzo G, Ndegwa JM, Rotich J, Too R, Ruttoh J. "Research and Bio Statistics in Mental Health."; 2006.
Hogan NM, Kilonzo G, editor Ndetei, D.M., Sebit MB, Ongecha-Owuor F. "Ethics in Psychiatric Research."; 2006.
Hogan NM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kilonzo G, Sebit MB, Gakinya B. "Ethics in the Practice of Psychiatry and Mental Health."; 2006.
Hogan NM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kilonzo G, Uwakwe R. "Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders."; 2006.
Hoffmann B, Rostalski A, Mutembei HM, Goericke-Pesch S. "Testicular steroid hormone secretion in the boar and expression of testicular and epididymal steroid sulphatase and estrogen sulphotransferase activity.". 2010. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Spermatogenesis and epididymal function depend on testicular steroids with estrogens being important regulatory factors. However, testicular estrogen secretion shows distinct species specificities, with the boar being characterized by the production of high amounts of estrone [E1] and estronesulphate [E1S]. As the boar testis also expresses estrogen sulphatase [StS] and sulphotransferase [EST] the present paper is based on the hypothesis that local availability of biologically active estrogens results from an interplay between estrogen synthesis and local activities of StS and EST. METHODS: Blood was collected during castration of 37 boars, aged between 98 (peripubertal) to 2 793 (old sexually mature) days, from the testicular vein and artery and peripheral circulation; E1, E1S, testosterone [T] and progesterone [P] were determined by established RIA-procedures. Similarly seminal plasma from 21 sexually mature boars was assessed. StS- and EST-activity were determined in testicular- and epididymal homogenates of 3 sexually mature boars (200 d) using (3)H-E1S resp. (3)H-E1 as substrate. Immunohistochemistry [IHC] was applied to locate EST- expressing cells in testes in relation to age and in the epididymis of 3 mature boars. RESULTS: Hormone data showed a high variability. A significant age dependent increase was only observed for E1 and E1S in the peripheral circulation with absolute values being highest for E1S (5-60 nmol/l), followed by T (2.6-14 nmol/l), P (0.5-1.48 nmol/l) and E1 (0.24-0.84 nmol/l). Testicular vein concentrations always exceeded those in the testicular artery with the differences being significant for E1 and P, group 1. Concentrations in the testicular artery and peripheral vein plasma were not different but higher (p<0.0001) than those in seminal plasma with the exception of E1. StS activity was higher (p<0.001) in the testis than the epididymis. EST activity was high in epididymal homogenates and at the level of detection in testis homogenates. IHC located EST in virtually all epididymal epithelial cells. In the testis the number of positive staining Leydig cells decreased (p<0.05) from 72% in the premature to 57% in the mature boars. CONCLUSION: The provision of biologically active estrogens to the testicular and epididymal compartment is controlled by a complex regulatory system, with the sulphatase pathway being an important component. P is a secretory product of the testis, E1 and E1S are not actively enriched in seminal plasma.

Hofer SB, Mrsic-Flogel TD, Bonhoeffer T, Hübener M. "Prior experience enhances plasticity in adult visual cortex." Nature neuroscience. 2006;9:127-132. Abstract

The brain has a remarkable capacity to adapt to alterations in its sensory environment, which is normally much more pronounced in juvenile animals. Here we show that in adult mice, the ability to adapt to changes can be improved profoundly if the mouse has already experienced a similar change in its sensory environment earlier in life. Using the standard model for sensory plasticity in mouse visual cortex-ocular dominance (OD) plasticity-we found that a transient shift in OD, induced by monocular deprivation (MD) earlier in life, renders the adult visual cortex highly susceptible to subsequent MD many weeks later. Irrespective of whether the first MD was experienced during the critical period (around postnatal day 28) or in adulthood, OD shifts induced by a second MD were faster, more persistent and specific to repeated deprivation of the same eye. The capacity for plasticity in the mammalian cortex can therefore be conditioned by past experience.

Hofer SB, Mrsic-Flogel TD, Bonhoeffer T, Hübener M. "Prior experience enhances plasticity in adult visual cortex." Nature neuroscience. 2006;9:127-132. Abstract

The brain has a remarkable capacity to adapt to alterations in its sensory environment, which is normally much more pronounced in juvenile animals. Here we show that in adult mice, the ability to adapt to changes can be improved profoundly if the mouse has already experienced a similar change in its sensory environment earlier in life. Using the standard model for sensory plasticity in mouse visual cortex-ocular dominance (OD) plasticity-we found that a transient shift in OD, induced by monocular deprivation (MD) earlier in life, renders the adult visual cortex highly susceptible to subsequent MD many weeks later. Irrespective of whether the first MD was experienced during the critical period (around postnatal day 28) or in adulthood, OD shifts induced by a second MD were faster, more persistent and specific to repeated deprivation of the same eye. The capacity for plasticity in the mammalian cortex can therefore be conditioned by past experience.

Hoa TTC, Depicker A, Ghoshi K, Amugune N, Phap PD, Hai TN, Andow DA. "Transgene Expression and Locus Structure. In: Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms.". In: Transgene Expression and Locus Structure. UK: CAB International, Wallingford; 2008.
Ho VM, Lee J-A, Martin KC. "The {Cell} {Biology} of {Synaptic} {Plasticity}." Science. 2011;334:623-628. AbstractWebsite

Synaptic plasticity is the experience-dependent change in connectivity between neurons that is believed to underlie learning and memory. Here, we discuss the cellular and molecular processes that are altered when a neuron responds to external stimuli, and how these alterations lead to an increase or decrease in synaptic connectivity. Modification of synaptic components and changes in gene expression are necessary for many forms of plasticity. We focus on excitatory neurons in the mammalian hippocampus, one of the best-studied model systems of learning-related plasticity.

HN G. "“Relationship between Perception of Inter-parental Conflicts and Involvement in Delinquent Behaviours among Selected Kenyan Adolescent Students.”." Journal of Educational and Social Research. 2015;5((ISSN 2239-978X ISSN 2240-0524)):25-34.
HM M. "Climate Change as Driver of Migration, morbidity and Conflicts in Africa." Red Cross Headquarters, Nairobi; 2019.
HM M. "Role of estrogen in autocline and endocrine regulation of spermatogenesis." Faculty symposium, giessen, germany; 2005.
HM M. "WSPA Post Intervention Report." Word Animal Protection Online news. www.worldanimalprotection.dk/wspanews (2012).
HM M. "Expression of P450 aromatase in boar testis." 38th yearly congress on physiology and pathology of reproduction, Zurich, Switzerland; 2005.
HM M. EXPRESSION OF ESTROGEN RECEPTORS ALPHA. Giessen: VVB LAUFERSWEILER VERLAG; 2006.
HM M. "Use of assisted reproductive technologies in cattle." Biennial scientific conference, Nairobi; 2010.
HM M, AN K, ER M. "Environmental Estrogen-Like Endocrine Disrupting Compounds and the Dangers they pose on Male Fertility: Review Case of Nairobi River Water." Journal of Physical Science and Environmental Studies . 2017;3(3):25-29.
HM M. "Academic Processes of postgraduate studies; from admission to graduation." Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture postgraduate induction workshop, Nakuru; 2019.
HM M. "Role of estrogens in the testis as deduced by espression of receptors." Faculty symposium, giessen, germany; 2004.
HM M, Kipyegon AN TVT. "Effects of Exposure to Effluent Contaminated River Water on Boar Reproduction." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2017;6(1):49-52.mutembei_and_kipyegon_2017.pdf
HM M. EXPRESSION OF ESTROGEN RECEPTORS ALPHA. Giessen: Annual Research Dissemination for VFFV; 2004.
HM M. "Role of estrogen in regulation of spermatogenesis." Faculty symposium, giessen, germany; 2005.
HM M. REproductive Parameters of German Shepherd Bitches in Kenya. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 1998.
HM M. "Expression of estrogen receptors in boar testis." 40th yearly congress of physiology and pathology of reproduction, Berlin, Germany; 2007.
HM M. "Veterinary Response." in standard operating procedures for staff working in disasters, London; 2013.
HM M, CM M, P M F M. "Safeguarding livestock during drought disasters in Kenya can safeguard livelihoods and food security in affected regions." Safeguarding livestock during drought disasters in Kenya can safeguard livelihoods and food security in affected regions. 2014;IJFAND manuscript No. 14050.
HM M. "Effective monitoring and Evaluation of progress in postgraduate training." Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture postgraduate induction workshop, Nakuru; 2019.
HM M. WSPA Global REview.; 2011.
HM M. "staging of Spermatogenesis in the boar." Faculty symposium, giessen, germany; 2005.
HM M. "One-health approach to control incidence of of rabies in Nairobi ." Journal of Medical and Biological Science Research. 2015;1(6):84-87.
HM M. "Expression of estrogen sulfatransferase in boar testis." 39th yealy congress on physiology and pathology of reprouction, Hannover, Germany; 2006.
HM M, OL O, LC A. Guide to Clinical and Practical Laboratory Procedures in Theriogenology. Ibadan: Scholarship Books; 2019.
HM M. "Rabies control strategies within slum areas." One-health coneference, Adfis Ababa; 2013.
HM M, Cook AE, J M, DN M, J A, AN K, CM M. "A One-Health Approach to Control the Incidence of Rabies in the Slums of Nairobi." Journal of Medical and Biological Science Research . 2015;1(9):130-133.
HM M. "Tips on timely completion of postgraduate studies." Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture postgraduate induction workshop, Nakuru; 2019.
Hjort af Ornäs A, Bich PT, Musimba N;, Nashon; Nyangito M. "Agri-SMEs in action. Lessons for the entrepreneurial poor.". 2006.
Hitti J, Richardson BA, Wald A, John-Stewart G, Kiarie J, Ongecha-Owuor F, Roxby AC, Drake AL. "Valacyclovir Suppressive Therapy Reduces Plasma and Breast Milk HIV-1 RNA Levels During Pregnancy and Postpartum: A Randomized Trial.". 2012. Abstract

The effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) suppression on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions is unknown. Methods. Between April 2008 and August 2010, we conducted a randomized, double-blind trial of twice daily 500 mg valacyclovir or placebo beginning at 34 weeks gestation in 148 HIV-1/HSV-2 coinfected pregnant Kenyan women ineligible for highly active antiretroviral therapy (CD4 > 250 cells/mm3). Women received zidovudine and single dose nevirapine for PMTCT and were followed until 12 months postpartum. Results. Mean baseline plasma HIV-1 RNA was 3.88 log10 copies/mL. Mean plasma HIV-1 was lower during pregnancy (−.56 log10 copies/mL; 95% confidence interval [CI], −.77 to −.34) and after 6 weeks postpartum (−.51 log10 copies/mL; 95% CI, −.73 to −.30) in the valacyclovir arm than the placebo arm. Valacyclovir reduced breast milk HIV-1 RNA detection at 6 and 14 weeks postpartum compared with placebo (30% lower, P = .04; 46% lower, P = .01, respectively), but not after 14 weeks. Cervical HIV-1 RNA detection was similar between arms (P = .91). Conclusions. Valacyclovir significantly decreased early breast milk and plasma HIV-1 RNA among women receiving PMTCT.

for History {C, Media} N. Zotero {Quick} {Start} {Guide}.; Submitted. Abstract
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Hisco A, Tobias Homan, Smith TA, Masiga D, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Silky M, Collins K Mweresa, Prisca Oria, Jane Alaii, Cees Leeuwis, Teun Bousema, Nicolas Maire, DePasquale A. "ODOR-BAITED TRAPS AS A NOVEL TOOL FOR MALARIA CONTROL-THE SOLARMAL TRIAL." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. 2017;95(5):26.
Hirpa FA, Dyer E, Hope R, Olago DO, Dadson SJ. "Finding sustainable water futures in data-sparse regions under climate change: Insights from the Turkwel River basin, Kenya." Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 2018;19:124-135. Abstract1-s2.0-s2214581818302155-main.pdfWebsite

Study region

the Turkwel river basin, Kenya experiences a high level of water scarcity due to its arid climate, high rainfall variability and rapidly growing water demand.
Study focus

Climate change, variability and rapid growth in water demand pose significant challenges to current and future water resources planning and allocation worldwide. In this paper a novel decision-scaling approach was applied to model the response of the Turkwel river basin’s water resources system to growing demand and climate stressors. A climate response surface was constructed by combining a water resource system model, climate data, and a range of water demand scenarios.
New hydrological insights

The results show that climate variability and increased water demand are each important drivers of water scarcity in the basin. Increases in water demand due to expanded irrigation strongly influences on the resilience of the basin’s water resource system to droughts caused by the global climate variability. The climate response surface offers a visual and flexible tool for decision-makers to understand the ways in which the system responds to climate variability and development scenarios. Policy decisions to accelerate water-dependent development and poverty reduction in arid and semi-arid lands that are characterised by rapid demographic, political and economic change in the short- to medium term have to promote low-regrets approaches that incorporate longer-term climate uncertainty.

Hirbod T, Kimani J TCPBTBMJPFAKBAJA. "Stable CD4 expression & local immune activation in ectocervical mucosa of HIV-infected women." Journal of Immunology. 2013;191(7):3948-54 .
Hirano H, Higashi K, Sakamoto Y. "DNA polymerase in nuceoli isolated from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells." Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.. 1975;67(2):518-24.
Hillman K. "Fluid resuscitation in diabetic emergencies–a reappraisal." Intensive Care Medicine. 1987;13:4-8. Abstract

The first objective in diabetic ketoacidosis is to restore the circulating volume and improve tissue perfusion. In any form of hypovolaemic shock the most efficient way of restoring circulating volume is to be use colloid solutions rather than crystalloids. At least three times the amount of crystalloid must be used to achieve the same effect. The historical reason for using isotonic saline in diabetic ketoacidosis is related not to its similarity to the fluid lost, but to its supposed efficiency in correcting the circulating volume. Excess crystalloid expands the interstitial space which results in pulmonary oedema, peripheral oedema and possibly cerebral oedema. Although currently difficult to define precisely in their more subtle forms, they all produce adverse pathophysiological effects. The fluid loss in diabetic ketoacidosis is equivalent to "half-normal" saline, a relatively hypotonic solution. As well as causing extensive oedema, resuscitation with isotonic saline can increase serum sodium and osmolarity while not providing free water to replace the intracellular losses.

Hildebrandt HA, Gossl M, Mannheim D, Versari D, Herrmann J, Spendlove D, Bajanowski T, Malyar NM, Erbel R, Lerman LO, Lerman A. "Differential distribution of vasa vasorum in different vascular beds in humans." Atherosclerosis. 2008;199:47-54. AbstractWebsite

Objective Vasa vasorum (VV) have been implicated to play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to describe the distribution of VV density in different vascular beds in humans and to investigate the association between VV density and the known distribution of atherosclerosis in human arteries. Methods Forty-two human arteries, harvested at autopsy or after explantation, were analyzed by three-dimensional microscopic-computed tomography (micro-CT). VV density, endothelial-surface-fraction (Σ VV endothelial-surface-area/vessel-wall-volume) and vascular-area-fraction (Σ VV area/vessel-wall-area) were calculated for coronary, renal and femoral arteries. Representatively five coronary, renal and femoral arteries were stained for endothelial cells (von Willebrand-Factor), macrophages (CD68), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and collagen (Sirius Red). Results Coronary arteries showed a higher VV density compared to renal and femoral arteries (2.12±0.26n/mm2 versus 0.61±0.06n/mm2 and 0.66±0.11n/mm2; P{\textless}0.05 for both) as well as a higher endothelial-surface-fraction and vascular-area-fraction. Histology showed a positive correlation between histologically derived VV density and CD68-positive cells/area (r=0.54, P{\textless}0.01), VEGF-immunoreactivity/area (r=0.55, P{\textless}0.01) and a negative correlation between VV density and collagen I content (r=0.66, P{\textless}0.05). Conclusion This micro-CT study highlights a higher VV density in coronary than in peripheral arteries, supporting the relation between VV density and the susceptibility to atherosclerosis in different vascular beds in humans.

Higgins S, Odada EO, Becht R. Lake Naivasha: experiences and lessons learned brief.; 2011.
Higashi T, Kambayashi Y, Ohkura N, Fujimura M, Nakai S, Honda Y, Saijoh K, Hayakawa K, Kobayashi F, Michigami Y, EO A. "Effects of Asian dust on daily cough occurrence in patients with chronic cough: A panel study." Atmospheric Environment. 2014;92:506-513.
Hideki F, Cyril NO, Eunice K, Evelyn WG, Yoshihiko H. "Oral Health Status among 12-Year-Old Children in a Rural Kenyan Community ." Journal of Dentistry and Oral Health. 2014;1:1-5.
Hideki F, Toshiyuki S, Eunice K, Cyril O, Evelyn WG, Yoshihiko H. "Oral Hygiene Status of Chewing Stick Users in a Rural Kenyan Community." Journal of Oral Health and Dental Management. 2016;15(2):1-4.
Hickey TL, Spear PD, Kratz KE. "Quantitative studies of cell size in the cat's dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus following visual deprivation." The Journal of comparative neurology. 1977;172:265-281. Abstract

The effects of visual deprivation upon dorsal lateral geniculate (DLG) cell size were compared for seven kittens reared with monocular lid-suture (MD), seven with binocular lid-suture (BD), and six with one eye lid-sutured and the other eye enucleated soon after birth (MD-E). Six additional kittens were reared normally for comparison. For each kitten the cross-sectional areas of 300 cells were measured in one or both nuclei. Measurements were taken from the binocular segment of laminae A and A1 and the monocular segment of lamina A. In agreement with previous studies, cells in the binocular segment of the deprived laminae of MD cats were smaller (33-34%) than those in the non-deprived laminae. Comparisons with normal animals indicated that this difference was due to an increase (10-15%) in size of cells in the non-deprived laminae as well as a decrease (23-25%) in size of cells in the deprived laminae. Cells in the monocular segment also were affected by deprivation in MD cats, and this effect increased with the age (and duration of the deprivation) of the animal. However, it was always smaller than the decrease in cell size in the binocular portion of the DLG. In BD kittens, DLG cells were smaller (7-12%) than normal in all portions of the nucleus, including both the binocular and monocular segments. Direct comparisons between the deprived laminae of MD and BD kittens indicated that the decrease in cell size was greater for MD kittens in the binocular segment, but tended to be greater for BD kittens in the monocular segment. In MD-E kittens, DLG cells in the deprived laminae were smaller (11-17%) than normal in all portions of the nucleus, including both the binocular and monocular segments. Thus, the effects of deprivation were similar to those in BD kittens, even though inputs from the deprived eye had been placed at a competitive advantage in MD-E kittens. These results indicate that two factors may affect cell size in the DLG of visually deprived cats: deprivation per se and abnormal binocular competition. Finally, separate analyses for the ten largest and the ten smallest cells in each lamina of each cat were carried out in an attempt to determine if the changes in cell size were limited to the largest cells. In every case, differences observed for the total sample of cells were paralleled by differences from normal of both the largest cells present and the smallest cells present in the deprived laminae. Since at least two alternative interpretations can account for this finding, the question of whether the large cells are selectively affected by visual deprivation remains unanswered in the cat.

da Hescot P, China E BMMSJLSHDSOE. "The FDI African Strategy for Oral Health: Addressing the Specific Needs of the Continent." Inter. Dent. J.,. 2013;63:113-120.
Hesbon Z Amenya., Peter K Gathumbi. JMATGTMGN. "Sub-acute toxicity of the chloroformic extract of Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez in rats." Journal of ethnopharmacology . 2014.
Hensch TK. "Critical {Period} {Regulation}." Annual Review of Neuroscience. 2004;27:549-579. AbstractWebsite

Neuronal circuits are shaped by experience during critical periods of early postnatal life. The ability to control the timing, duration, and closure of these heightened levels of brain plasticity has recently become experimentally accessible, especially in the developing visual system. This review summarizes our current understanding of known critical periods across several systems and species. It delineates a number of emerging principles: functional competition between inputs, role for electrical activity, structural consolidation, regulation by experience (not simply age), special role for inhibition in the CNS, potent influence of attention and motivation, unique timing and duration, as well as use of distinct molecular mechanisms across brain regions and the potential for reactivation in adulthood. A deeper understanding of critical periods will open new avenues to “nurture the brain”—from international efforts to link brain science and education to improving recovery from injury and devising new strategies for therapy and lifelong learning.

Hensch TK. "Critical {Period} {Regulation}." Annual Review of Neuroscience. 2004;27:549-579. AbstractWebsite

Neuronal circuits are shaped by experience during critical periods of early postnatal life. The ability to control the timing, duration, and closure of these heightened levels of brain plasticity has recently become experimentally accessible, especially in the developing visual system. This review summarizes our current understanding of known critical periods across several systems and species. It delineates a number of emerging principles: functional competition between inputs, role for electrical activity, structural consolidation, regulation by experience (not simply age), special role for inhibition in the CNS, potent influence of attention and motivation, unique timing and duration, as well as use of distinct molecular mechanisms across brain regions and the potential for reactivation in adulthood. A deeper understanding of critical periods will open new avenues to “nurture the brain”—from international efforts to link brain science and education to improving recovery from injury and devising new strategies for therapy and lifelong learning.

HENRY DRM&#39;IKIUGUMUTEMBEI. "HM Mutembei, S Pesch, G Schuler, B Hoffmann B (2004). Expression of estrogen receptor beta in the boar testis. Vet. Med. Austria/ Wien. Tier.". In: Animal Reproduction Science 109 (2008) 319. Elsevier; 2004.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. "Our Landscapes, Our Narrative: Proceedings of the Conference on East African Oral Literature. Ed. With Preface. Nairobi: KOLA.". In: Nairobi Journal of Management. Volume 6, PP 117-145. GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 2006. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
Henry M. "EXPRESSION OF ESTROGEN RECEPTORS ALPHA and beta in boar testis." 15th international congress on animal reproduction (ICAR), Prto Seguro, Brazil; 2004.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. "Writers Speak: Essays on Literature and Democrasy. Co-Edited with Kitula King'ei.Nairobi: Writers' Association of Kenya.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1997. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Literature and the Teaching of English." In The Place of Grammar in the Teaching of English. Published proceedings of an International Conference held at the British Council.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1988. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Appropriate Style and Technical Competence", Review of Introduction to the African Novel in Dhana (1972) 2, 1, Reprinted in The Season of Harvest.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1978. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""A Lesson from the Soviet Union", A Review of Chingiz Aitomotov's novel Farewell Gul'Sary in Busara II, 3, 44-49.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1971. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
Henry M. "estrogenic regulation of testicular function." Faculty symposium, giessen, germany; 2004.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Ngugi's Ideal Audience and the Post-Colonial Reality." In The Yearbook of English Studies. Vol.27.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1997. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. "Notes on William Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" Nairobi: Heinemann.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1991. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""A Bold Fearless Account of Kenya's Recent Political History", A Review of Joseph Karimi and Philip Ochieng, The Kenyatta Succession, Nairobi (Transafrica) 1980, 195 pages, in Nairobi Times.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1980. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Fanonist Overtones in Leonard Kibera's Voices in the Dark." In Joliso: East African Journal of Literature and Society, No.l, vol. 1.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1973. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY DRM&#39;IKIUGUMUTEMBEI. "HM Mutembei, MP Kowalewski, B Hoffmann 2005: Sus scrofa steroid sulfatase mRNA partial CDs. A Gene Bank Submission, Accession number DQ139314.". In: Animal Reproduction Science 109 (2008) 319. Elsevier; 2005.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Dialague on Literature," with Dr. Daisaku Ikeda in Ushio Magazine 2001. 2 (160- 188) No.4 (156 -188).". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 2001. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Teaching Oral Literature in Conditions of Theoretical Pluralism."In Reflections on Theories and Methods in Oral Literature. Eds. Okoth Okombo and Jane Nandwa. Nairobi: Kenya Oral Literature Association.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1992. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""A Literary Supplement", Joliso 1, 2:1-10.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1981. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.

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