Biamah, E.K., Nhlabathi, N., 2003. Conservation tillage practices for dryland crop production in semi arid Kenya: Promotion of conservation tillage techniques for improving household food security in iiuni, Machakos, Kenya. In: Beukes, D., de Villiers, M.

Citation:
KIPNGETICH PROFBIAMAHELIJAH. "Biamah, E.K., Nhlabathi, N., 2003. Conservation tillage practices for dryland crop production in semi arid Kenya: Promotion of conservation tillage techniques for improving household food security in iiuni, Machakos, Kenya. In: Beukes, D., de Villiers, M.". In: Wageningen University and Research Centre Publication. ISBN 90-6754-861-8. Also published as thesis (2005) by Wageningen University, ISBN 90-8504-178-3. Kisipan, M.L.; 2003.

Abstract:

In semi arid Kenya, episodes of agricultural droughts of varying severity and duration occur. The occurrence of these agricultural droughts is associated with seasonal rainfall variability and can be reflected by seasonal soil moisture deficits that significantly affect crop performance and yield. The objective of this study was to stochastically simulate the behaviour of dry and wet spells and rainsums in Iiuni watershed, Kenya. The stochastic behaviour of the longest dry and wet spells (runs) and largest rainsums were simulated using a Markov (order 1) model. There were eight raingauge stations within the watershed. The entire analysis was carried out using probability parameters, i.e. mean, variance, simple and conditional probabilities of dry and rain days. An analysis of variance test (ANOVA) was used to establish significant differences in rainfall characteristics between the eight stations. An analysis of the number of rain days and rainfall amount per rain day was done on a monthly basis to establish the distribution and reliability of seasonal rainfall. The graphical comparison of simulated cumulative distribution functions (cdfs) of the longest spells and largest rainsums showed Markovian dependence or persistence. The longest dry spells could extend to 24 days in the long rainy season and 12 in the short rainy season. At 50% (median) probability level, the largest rainsums were 91 mm for the long rainy season and 136 mm for the short rainy season. The short rains were more reliable for crop production than the long rains. The Markov model performed well and gave adequate simulations of the spells and rainsums under semi arid conditions.

Notes:

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