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KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE, MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "IDENTIFICATION OF THE SPECIES OF ORIGIN OF FRESH, COOKED AND CANNED MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS USING ANTISERA TO THERMOSTABLE MUSCLE ANTIGENS BY OUCHTERLONY’S DOUBLE DIFFUSION TEST.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1987. Abstract
Antisera to thermosable muscle antigens (TMA) from 14 species of bovidae were raised in goats and/or sheep. To achieve species specificity the antisera were absorbed with serum from the other species. While the absorbed antisera to TMA to buffalo, impala, eland, waterbuck, wildebeest and oryx were rendered specific, the antiserum to cattle TMA cross-reacted with buffalo fresh meat antigens (FMA) and cooked meat antigens (CMA) but not with buffalo thermostable muscle antigens. Fresh and cooked muscle antigens from these two species could be differentiated by the antiserum to buffalo TMA. A similar approach was used to differentiate the FMA, CMA and TMA of kongoni, topi and wildebeest. Antiserum to cattle TMA proved useful in detecting the presence of beef meat in meat products that had undergone commercial sterilization.   Keywords: meat; meat products; thermostable muscle antitgens; immunodiffusion; antibodies; species identification
KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE, MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "IMMUNOLOGICAL REACTIONS OF THERMOSTABLE MUSCLE ANTIGENS AND THEIR POSSIBLE USE IN SPECIATION OF COOKED AND FRESH ANIMAL MEATS.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1985. Abstract
Antisera to thermostable muscle antigens from 13 wild animals: Buffalo, Waterbuck, Bushbuck, Eland, Oryx, Kongoni, Bushpig, Warthog, Topi, Thomson’s gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, Sheep, Pig, Horse, Camel & Dog, were raised in rabbits and/or goats. Absorptions of the antisera with copolymerized pooled serum from the 20 species and the thermostable muscle antigens rendered most of the antisera mmonospecific. It was possible to identify the species of origin of saline extracts of both cooked and fresh meat samples in immunodiffusion tests. The method is promising for use in identification of the species origin of fresh and cooked animal meats.
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KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE. "THE IMPACT OF MEAT INSPECTION ON THE CONTROL OF BOVINE CYSTICERCOSIS IN KENYA.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1995. Abstract
Cases of bovine cysticercosis in the carcasses, head and heart from different establishments were analyzed for the period between 1974 and 1991. national prevalence rates showed a dramatic decline from 8.8% in 1974 to 1.1% in 1991. Provvincial prevalence rates showed a decline in the cases reported within the same period. With the coast province having a decline from 45 in 1974 to 0.5% in 1991. Other provinces showed a similar trend in the decline of C. bovis cases. The impact of meat inspection has made on the control of bovine cysticercosis and new strategies for its control are discussed.
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Kang'ethe EK. "The impact of meat inspection on the control of bovine cysticercosis in Kenya.".; 1995. Abstract

Monthly meat inspection records for the period 1974-1991 were studied and reports of bovine cysticercosis in the carcasses, head and heart from different Provinces in Kenya were analysed. The national prevalence rate showed a dramatic decline from 8.8% in 1974 to 1.1% in 1991. Provincial prevalence rates showed a decline in the cases reported within the same period. The Coast Province showed a decrease from 4% in 1974 to 0.5% in 1991. Other provinces showed a similar trend. The impact meat inspection has made on the control of bovine cysticercosis and new strategies for its control are discussed.

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KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE. "THE IMPACT OF MEAT INSPECTION ON THE CONTROL OF BOVINE HYDATIDOSIS IN KENYA.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 2000. Abstract
Cases of bovine hydatidosis in the livers and lungs at post mortem from different establishments in Kenya were analyzed for the period between 1974 and 1991. The results showed a significant difference in the condemnation rates of lungs between provinces (P=0.0001) and a decline per year of 0.4% though this was not statistically significant (P=0.4). The condemnation rates of livers showed a significant difference between the provinces (P=0.0001) with a decline of 2.3%. It was only in the Rift valley province where condemnation rates for both organs did not show a decline, but instead a significant increase was observed. Other provinces had significant declines indicating that the meat inspection and condemnation of infected organs had an impact in the control of hydatidosis. Overviews of the strategies for the control of hydatidosis in Kenya are discussed.
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KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE, ARIMI PROFMUTWIRIS, WAKONYU DRKANJAL. "Investigation of the risk of consuming marketed milk with antimicrobial residues in Kenya.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 2005.
ARIMI PROFMUTWIRIS, KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE. "Isolation and characterization of group B streptococci from human and bovine sources within and around Nairobi.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1997. Abstract
Group B streptococci (GBS) were isolated from bovine bulk milk and from vaginas and throats of antenatal and postnatal women using TKT and rapid GBS media. Sixty three of 529 (12%) bovine milk samples, 9 of 48 (19%) vaginal and 3 of 48 (6%) throrat samples were positive. Both bovine and human beta hemolytic isolates were characterized biochemically and serologically. Pigment production was characteristic of both human and bovine beta haemolytic isolates. The majority (88%) of human isolates fermented salicin and not lactose and most bovine isolates were either lactose positive/salicin positive (41%) or lactose positive/salicin negative (38%). Human and bovine isolates were 100% and 85% typable respectively. Serotype distribution was similar in the bovine and human populations with serotype Ia, Ic and III being most common in both. Fermentation of sugars showed major differences between bovine and human isolates but similarity in serotype distribution suggests some genetic relationship.

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