PREVALENCE OF BESNOITIOSIS IN DOMESTIC RUMINANTS IN KENYA: A PRELIMINARY SURVEY

Citation:
KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE. "PREVALENCE OF BESNOITIOSIS IN DOMESTIC RUMINANTS IN KENYA: A PRELIMINARY SURVEY.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1999.

Abstract:

A preliminary survey of besnoitiosis in domestic ruminants in Kenya based on field and farm visits, clinical and post mortem examinations and histopathological of tissues and biopsies showed that goats are the most affected followed by cattle, while sheep were unaffected. Caprine besnoitiosis occurred in a continuous belt in five of the 8 provinces in Kenya stretching from the Coast, Eastern, North Eastern, Nairobi and Rift Valley provinces.  Mandera in the North Eastern province had the highest prevalence rate of 36%, followed by Kwale 35%, Isiolo 35% Marsabit 33%, Wajir 28%, Nairobi 265 Meru 24%, Garissa 21% Taita Taveta 18%, Embu 17%, Kitui 9%, Machakos 7%, Laikipia 3% Kajiado 2% and Turkana and Elgeyo- Marakwet 1% each. There was no significant difference (P≤0.05) between the bucks and does (18 and 18.4% respectively), but kids were less (4%) affected. Bovine besnoitiosis was found only in Tana River district with an infection rate of 11%.

Notes:

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