Effect of storage conditions on sweet potato roots

Karuri EG;, Ojijo NKO. "Effect of storage conditions on sweet potato roots."; 1995.


Four sun-cured lots of sweet potato (cv KSP20) roots were stored under different conditions in the laboratory. One lot was stored in environmental cabinets operated at five temperature levels of 5, 10, 15, 20, arid 29°C.The other two lots were stored in open wooden boxes, one filled with soil and the other saw-dust. A control sample was exposed to the ambient air in the laboratory. Objective physical and chemical indices were used to monitor the quality changes in the stored roots. Although the storage time and temperature were important in influeincing the quality of the roots, temperatures of 10°C or lower and also higher than 15°C were unsuitable for storage. At those temperatures sprouting, rotting, pithiness, shrivelling or a combination of the physiological factors became more important in quality deteriaration. Subsequently, prolonged storage was possible only at 15 and 20°C and also in saw-dust and soil cover. Roots stored in soil or saw-dust were as wholesome as those at 15°C, save for the sprouting which depleted the dry matter content, and had superior appearance. Exponential decay could predict Vitamin C and B-carotene loss. Reducing sugar developed in all samples but was highest in the ambient air storage. Using the back-extrusion test, it was shown that there were no significant differences between boiled roots after 4 weeks of storage under all conditions.


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