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J PROFMULAAFRANCIS. "The .". In: Microbial Biotechnology. 1751-7915. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter Vol. 27, pp. 79-85.; 2011. Abstract
The oleochemical industry is currently still dominatedby conventional chemistry, with biotechnology onlystarting to play a more prominent role, primarily withrespect to the biosurfactants or lipases, e.g. as detergents,or for biofuel production. A major bottleneckfor all further biotechnological applications is theproblem of the initial mobilization of cheap and vastlyavailable lipid and oil substrates, which are thento be transformed into high-value biotechnological,nutritional or pharmacological products. Under theEU-sponsored LipoYeasts project we are developingthe oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica into a versatileand high-throughput microbial factory that, byuse of specific enzymatic pathways from hydrocarbonoclasticbacteria, efficiently mobilizes lipidsby directing its versatile lipid metabolism towardsthe production of industrially valuable lipid-derivedcompounds like wax esters (WE), isoprenoid-derivedcompounds (carotenoids, polyenic carotenoid ester),polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and free hydroxylatedfatty acids (HFAs). Different lipid stocks (petroleum,alkane, vegetable oil, fatty acid) and combinationsthereof are being assessed as substrates in combinationwith different mutant and recombinant strains ofY. lipolytica, in order to modulate the composition andyields of the produced added-value products.
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Ndiritu AW, Gikonyo NW. " Elearning for institutional managers: Best option for effective ICT integration in teaching and learning.". In: eLearning Africa. Kampala, Uganda; 2014.
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Origa JO, Muchemi, L., Muthoni DM, Mutahi IW, Gunga SO. "The Implications of Collaborative Industrial Attachments for Kenya Vision 2030 Development Programmes." African Journal of Education and Technology Volume . 2013;3(1):57-67.Website
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Scientific Writing and Publications Workshop. Nairobi: Pan African Research Agenda ; 2011.
Sihanya B. " “Mandate, institution, militarisation, misuse, trade and of the National Youth Service in Kenya” ." Advocate magazine, the Law Society of Kenya. 2015:26-27.
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" The State of Oral Health in Kenya." Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2007.
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" Breast milk HIV-1 suppression and decreased transmission: a randomized trial comparing HIVNET 012 nevirapine versus short-course zidovudine."; 2005. Abstract

To compare the effect of perinatal regimens of short-course nevirapine
(HIVNET 012) and zidovudine [Thai-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
regimen] on breast milk viral shedding and perinatal transmission during the first 6
weeks postpartum in a randomized clinical trial.

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Onyango CM, Kunyanga CN, Karanja DN, Wahome RG. " EMPLOYER PERCEPTIONS AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY TRAINING IN KENYA ." International Journal for Innovation Education and Research . 2018;6(1):175-185.
Mogaka VM;, Mbatia OLE;, Nzuma J. " → College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (CAVS) → View Item Feasibility of Biofuel Production in Kenya: The Case of Jatropha."; 2012. Abstract

This paper evaluates the potential of Jatropha curcas Linnaeus (Jatropha) as an alternative source of energy for rural households. The plant is said to have potential to diversify rural incomes, reclaim unproductive lands, reduce importation of fossil fuels, and consequently accumulation of green house gases in the atmosphere. A cost benefit analysis was employed to evaluate the feasibility of producing Jatropha as a biodiesel feedstock in relation to other crops in Kwale district. An IRR of 11 percent, BCR of 0.62 and a NPV of (28267.56) showed that production of Jatropha is not feasible at the moment. However we conclude that the plant has a potential to achieve its intended purpose if there is coordination in research and development along the Jatropha value chain and if technical and financial support is accorded to actors at the production level of the chain.

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Otysula RM;, and Nderitu JM, Buruchara RA. " Interaction between bean Stem Maggot and Bean Root Rot and soil fertility.". In: Crop Protection Conference, . Nairobi,; 1998.
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Iraki XN. " We are all golfers in Kenya, unknowingly ." The Standard, August 3, 2015.
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Muthami KM, Onyambu CK, Odhiambo AO, Muriithi IM, Byakika TK. " Correlation of magnetic resonance imaging findings with arthroscopy in the evaluation of rotator cuff pathology." East African Orthopaedic Journal. 2014;8(2):52-59.
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WAITA SEBASTIAN. " Emphasis on Photovoltaic (PV) Solar System Installation training: A case study of a PV Solar System Installed in Makueni County, Kenya ." International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology . 2016;3(8). Abstract

The installation of Photovoltaic (PV) solar systems in institutions as well as homesteads in the rural areas in
Kenya is increasing at a high rate; and so is the need for the stake holders to make sure the PV solar systems are
professionally designed, sized, installed and maintained. In PV solar system installation, the designing, sizing and the
installation are very critical steps. A wrongly designed, sized and installed system will not perform optimally and will
underperform (for undersized systems) and waste energy and resources (for oversized systems). Furthermore,
undersized systems do not perform to the user’s expectation discouraging the user and eventually a negative customer
attitude creeps in which may affect the uptake of solar PV systems. On the other hand, an oversized PV system is extra
expense on the side of the client, creating an exaggerated high cost of PV solar systems, again discouraging potential
clients from the adoption of the technology. Both scenarios mean loss of business, jobs and the economic and social
benefits associated with PV technology. We present a case study of poorly installed PV systemsin Makueni County,
Kenya. We observed that the solar modules specifications at the back of the modules were not clearly done, the
batteries were poorly matched and the cables used in the installation were undersized. Due to these issues, even a
normal television set was not able to work since the system was installed four years ago (in 2012).The above case
emphasizes the need for training in PV solar system design, sizing, installation, and maintenance

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NZUVE SNM. Job Satisfication: Should Managers Worry About How Satisfied Their Stfaff Are?. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 1987.
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Oyoo GO, Muia B, Otino FO, Ganda B, Otieno CF, Moots CF. " Occurrence of crystal arthropathy in patients presenting with synovitis in Nairobi." African Journal of Rheumatology. 2014;2(2):75-77. Abstract

Background: Crystal arthropathies represent a heterogeneous group of skeletal (musculo-skeletal) diseases associated with the deposition of mineralized material within joints and periarticular soft tissues. Gout is the most common and pathogenetically best understood crystal arthropathy, followed by basic calcium phosphate and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition diseases, and, in very rare cases, calcium oxalate crystal arthropathy. In Kenya there are no studies to demonstrate the prevalence of these diseases. This study endeavored to describe the different types of crystals seen in patients with synovitis in Nairobi from 1st January 2012 to 31st January 2014.
Objective: To describe different types of crystals seen in patients with synovitis in Nairobi.
Design: Descriptive prospective cross sectional study.
Results: There were 260 samples received from patients with synovitis. Of them, 61 (23.5%) were from males while 199 (76.5%) were from females. The age range of the patients was from 14 – 110 years. The mean, median and mode were 59.6, 60 and 55 years respectively. Majority of the patients were in the 51-60 years age category. Most of the patients recruited had no crystals (n=211; 81.2%)
diagnosed, with 14.2%(n=37) having uric acid crystals and 4.6 % (n=12) having CPPD crystals. For the patients who had uric acid crystals (n=37), when gender was cross tabulated against microscopy, males (n=32; 86.5%) were noted to have more uric acid crystals than females (n=5;
13.5%). Among patients diagnosed with CPPD (n=12), there were more females (n=9; 75%) patients compared to males (n=3; 25%). From the total population recruited (n=260), when age range categories were cross tabulated against microscopy, the age ranges 41-50 (n=9; 3.5%) 51-60 (n=12; 4.6%), and 61-70 (n=6; 2.3%) were noted to have more uric acid crystals than any other age category recruited. Patients in the age category 61-70 (n=6; 50 %) had more CPPD crystal detections than any other age category from the patients recruited.
Conclusion: Crystal arthropathy is a major cause of synovitis in patients seen in Nairobi.

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LISHENGA JL. " "Profitability of Momentum Strategies in Emerging Markets: Evidence From Nairobi Stock Exchange".". In: The 5th International Operations Research of Eastern Africa Conference, . White Sands Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania : Third World Planning Review Vol. 22. No.4; 1996. Abstract

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This paper tests the profitability of momentum strategies in Kenya, an emerging market for the period 1995 to 2007. Analysis revealed that Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) exhibit medium term return continuation over the entire sample period and the sub-periods. We used RSS results to evaluate the influence of transaction costs, calendar effects, risk factors and other reported momentum characteristics on momentum profitability. We employ WRSS results to discriminate between the two diametrically opposed causes for the profitability of momentum strategies:.  Our results show that, consistent with the evidence elsewhere, momentum is an anomaly; being driven by continuation in the idiosyncratic component of individual-security, rather than by cross-sectional differences in expected return and risks.

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Olali T. "" A Critical Exposition of Jihad Trope as a Religious Philosophy in the Epic of Rasi'l Ghuli (1850-1855).". In: African Literature Association. Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut; 2017.
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Mutuku MW, Brianna R Beechler, Ibrahim N Mwangi, Otiato FO, Horace Ochanda B. " A Search for Snail-Related Answers to Explain Differences in Response of Schistosoma mansoni to Praziquantel Treatment among Responding and Persistent Hotspot Villages along the Kenyan Shore of Lake Victoria." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2019:tpmd190089.
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Olali T. "" Alawiyya Sufism and the Sufi: Diffusion and Counter-Diffusion of Swahili Islamic Mysticism in the Lamu Archipelago, Kenya"." International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education. 2014;1(12):1-11.
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Odada EO, Olago DO. " An inter-basinal comparison of the sedimentology of Late Holocene to recent sediments in the Rift Valley, Lake Turkana, Kenya. ." Journal of African Earth Sciences. 2000; vol. 31(issue 2 ):237-252. AbstractWebsite

Grain size variations, sediment chemistry and general mineralogical assemblages of sediments in Lake Turkana reflect provenance. Allogenic sediments in Lake Turkana are mainly supplied by the Omo and Kerio-Turkwel Rivers. Minor inputs are from seasonal streams and strong southeasterly winds. The depth profiles of the grain size distributions in lake sediment cores exhibit enantiomorphism, which is interpreted as being diagnostic both of shifts in the equilibrium energy regime of the transporting media and of the dominant provenance of particular size grades within the specific basins of the lake. The North Sub-basin is dominated by fine-grained sediments, which reflect the texture of the volcanic rocks of the Omo River drainage basin. The Central Sub-basin sediments reflect, as sources, the coarser metamorphic terrane of the Kerio-Turkwel Rivers drainage basin. Kaolinite and fine-grained iron oxides are brought into the lake mainly by the two large fluvial input systems: the Omo River in the North Sub-basin and the Kerio-Turkwel Rivers in the Central Sub-basin. Some fine-grained overflow of this material makes its way into the South Sub-basin. Illite in the North and Central Sub-basins is strongly related to transport of material from near-shore sediments and, in the Central Sub-basin and northern reaches of the South Sub-basin, from the Kerio and Turkwel Rivers input. Smectite and calcite are mainly authigenic. In the South Sub-basin, however, the relatively coarser detrital particles are derived from silt and sand-sized in situ biogenic (calcitic and siliceous) debris and æolian-transported particles from regions southeast of the lake. The æolian fraction accounts largely for the ubiquitous and distinct very fine sand size grade, and consists of quartz, feldspar and blue-green amphiboles.

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P.N(v) K. "An Analysis of the relationship between acquisition of ICT skills and teaching science curriculum in NEPAD e-schools in Kenya.Researchpaper.". In: Presented at elearningAfrica International conference – Zambia and published in the e-learning Africa Book of abstracts 2010.Elearning Africa publication.; 2010.
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Philipsson J, Rege JEO, Zonabend E. Animal improvement for increased productivity and food availability.; 2011. AbstractWebsite

This module discusses important factors to consider when designing sustainable genetic improvement programmes, especially under tropical conditions. Previous attempts to launch breeding programmes in developing countries have too often failed for several reasons, although there are success stories to learn from as well. Long-term and simple strategies are necessary as is the need to efficiently exploit the potential of indigenous breeds. Increased productivity per animal or area of land used also need to be considered. However, that must be achieved while also considering the variable socio-economic and cultural values of livestock in different societies or regions. Within the module there are links [blue] to web resources and [green] to case studies and other related components of this resource that help illustrate the issues presented.

Arimi SM;, Koroti E;, Kang'ethe EK;, Omore AO;, McDermott JJ;, Macharia JK;, Nduhiu JG;, Githua AM. " Arimi, S.M; Koroti, E; Kang'ethe, E.K; Omore, A.O; McDermott, J.J; Macharia, J.K; Nduhiu, J.G; Githua, A.M ."; 2000. Abstract

E. coli 0157:H7 is a newly recognised bacterial zoonosis that originates from the gut of infected cattle. It causes potentially fatal haemorrhagic enteritis, haemolytic uraemic syndrome and kidney damage in humans. Epidemiological data on E. coli 0157:H7 infection and transmission in developing countries remain scarce but it is suspected that consumption of unpasteurised milk is an important vehicle for its transmission to humans, as milk can easily be contaminated with cattle faeces during milking. Given the high proportion of informal sales of unpasteurized milk in many tropical countries, E. coli 0157:H7 has been one of several zoonoses of concern. Between January 1999 and January 2000, survey data and raw milk samples were collected seasonally from households consuming unpasteurised milk in rural and urban locations in central Kenya. Respondents were randomly selected within production system (extensive and intensive) and human population density (urban, peri-urban and rural) strata. Laboratory samples were assessed for bacteriological quality by total and coliform counts. Selective media were used sequentially to screen for faecal coliforms and E. coli 0157:H7. Suspect E. coli 0157:H7 colonies were also serotyped and tested for production of verocytotoxins. E. coli was recovered from 91 out of 264 samples (34%) and E. coli 0157:H7 serotype identified in two samples (<1%). One of the two isolates produced verocytotoxins. As in many studies, the recovery rate of this serotype was low, but the finding is significant from a public health perspective. Our consumer studies have shown that over 95% of consumers of unpasteurised milk boil the milk before consumption and potential health risks from this zoonosis are therefore quite low. As informal milk markets without pasteurisation technology are likely to remain dominant for the foreseeable future, there is the need to further emphasise the importance of boiling raw milk before consumption, especially among pastoral communities where this practice is not common

Uwizeyimana, D., Karuku NG, Mureithi MS, Kironchi, G. " Assessing the potential of surface runoff generated from a conserved catchment under drought prone agro-ecological zone in Rwanda." Journal of Hydrologeology & Hydrologic Engineering. 2018;7 (1):1-9.
Okoth S. " Authors." Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2015:16-21. Abstractkiamabudambulaetal2015.pdf

Application of Fungi for effective removal of hydrocarbon contamination from soil is being considered as the better option when it comes to biodegradation. Other method like physical and chemical bioremediation leads to production of toxic compounds and these methods are not cost effective. In the present study, soil samples from four different oil contaminated soils were assessed for any recovery of fungi present. Cultural characterization was used as preliminary identification using keys. Initial isolation from the oil contaminated soil was done using potato dextrose agar. Colonies were observed and characterized morphologically. The isolates were grown at varied temperatures and pH. Eight fungal isolates were recovered from polluted soils namely, Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma spirale, Neosartorya pseudofischeri, Neosartorya aureola, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus, Penicillium griseofulvum and Trichoderma longibrachiatum. The optimum growth temperature range for the eight fungi was 30 o C and 40 o C. There was no growth at 50 o C for all isolates except some slight growth by Aspergillus flavus. Optimum growth at pH 7 and pH 9 and poor growth at pH 5 was noted. This study will contribute to the database on locally available fungal diversity and their ecology.

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and N. B. Mirza, B. B. Estambale WNKOKPIASJ. " Bacterial meningitis in children admitted in hospitals within Nairobi." East African Medical Journal. 1998; 75(2):73-76.
Kibaru EG, Nduati R, Wamalwa D, Kariuki. N. " Baseline Haematological Indices among HIV-1 Infected Children at Kenyatta National Hospital ." International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare. 2014;1(1):21-26.
Oyugi CCA. Bereavement Counseling for children . Nairobi: Uzima Press; 2007.
E KJ, Frederick OCF, M KE, Violet O-H, Kenn M. "The Burden of Co-morbid Depression in Ambulatory Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya." International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research. 2016;3(1). AbstractThe Burden of Co-morbid Depression in Ambulatory Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya

Background:
Co-morbid depression is a serious condition in patients with diabetes that negatively affects their self-management, including drug adherence, consequently, the treatment outcomes and quality of life are also affected.
Objective:
To determine the burden of co-morbid depression in ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and to document their socio-demographic and
clinical characteristics and any associated risk factors.
Methods:
This was a cross-sectional study done on patients living with type-2 diabetes on follow-up at the diabetes out-patient clinic (DOPC) at the KNH. Systematic sampling method was used to recruit 220 study subjects. The PHQ-9 questionnaire was used to assess for co-morbid depression. Socio-demographic and clinical details were obtained both from the subjects and their medical records. Physical examination was done, including blood pressure and BMI determined. Blood samples were collected from the cubital fossa to measure HbA1C in COBAS INTEGRA system with its reagent in the pre-dilution cuvette for automated analysis of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Statistical associations of patients’ characteristics and co-morbid depression were determined using Chi-square test and Odds Ratios.
Results:
The prevalence of co-morbid depression in patients with type 2 diabetes at the DOPC of KNH using the PHQ-9 was
32.3% (95% CI 26.4-38.6%). Of these, depression was mild in 42.3%,moderate in 40.8% and severe in 16%. Subjects with co- morbid depression were: aged 65years and above (p = 0.006), over-weight/obese (p = 0.035), and had longer duration of diabetes of 5years and above. The presence of co-morbid depression was significantly associated with poor glycaemic control, (OR = 3.3,
95% CI, 1.6 - 6.8, p = 0.001).
Conclusion:
About one-third (32.3%) of the study subjects with type 2 diabetes had co-morbid depression. Patients with type 2 diabetes who are at higher risk (older age of 65 years and above, long duration of diabetes, poor glycaemic control and presence of diabetes-related complications,) should be screened for co-morbid

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AB K, Kosgei RJ, EJ C, S M, P O, NM O, JG K. " case report of breaking bad news with maternal death." AJOL . 2013;vol 25,( number 1, 2013 Abstract ISSN 1012, 8867).
co-author Nduati, R. " Childhood diseases.". In: GOK/Family Life Training Center Your Family Health Guide. Nairobi, Kenya: English Press. ; 1993.
P M, HO O, A P. " Cigarette Smoking and alcohol ingestion as risk factors for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma at Kenyatta National Hospital. ." Clinical Medicine Insights 2012. Ear, Nose and Throat . 2012:517:524.
Gathigi G, Waititu E. " Coding for Development in the Silicon Savannah: The Emerging Role of Digital Technology in Kenya.". In: Re-Imagining Development Communication. Lexington : Lexington Books; 2012.
Nduati R&WK. Communicating with adolescents about HIV/AIDS: Experience from Eastern and Southern Africa. . Ottowa, Onterio: International Development Research Centre, 1997.; 1997.
Xujing. Comparative Study of China-US MBA Education . : Northeast Normal University ; 2008.
ARAP MRKENDUIWOJOHNK. "" Computerization and the efficiency of the Nairobi stock exchange", a conference paper in Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries (1993), published by Vedams Books International.". In: E.A.J.P.Sc. 1 (1998) 1-27. Folio Morphol; 1993. Abstract
Asiatic acid (AA) is a pentacyclic triterpene found in Centella asiatica. In the present study, the mechanism of anticancer effect of AA on skin cancer was investigated. AA decreased viability and induced apoptosis in human melanoma SK-MEL-2 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. AA also markedly increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and enhanced the expression of Bax but not Bcl-2 protein in the cells. In addition, AA-induced activation of caspase-3 activity in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with Trolox, an antioxidant, significantly blocked the induction of Bax and activation of caspase-3 in AA-treated cells. Furthermore, Ac-DEVD-CHO, a specific caspase-3 inhibitor, and Trolox prevented the AA-induced apoptosis. AA did not elevate p53 nuclear protein levels that are present in a mutant form in SK-MEL-2 cells. These results suggest that AA-induced apoptosis may be mediated through generation of ROS, alteration of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and activation of caspase-3, but p53-independent. These results further suggest that AA may be a good candidate for the therapeutic intervention of human skin cancer.
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Munyoki JM. " Consumer Challenges in the 21st century, Professional Management. ICPSK Journal.". University of Nairobi; 1999. Abstract

Department of Medical Physiology, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Finding a simple and easily reproducible formula for assessing fitness and growth for human body has been one constant search over the ages. It was the aim of this project to try and add to this search. Most formulae in this field have complex calculations. Most of them have been derived using single system measurements. To delineate our factor, multisystem measurements were used; metric and imperial. This yielded a factor for describing the relationship between weight and height over the ages. The height is in inches and weight in kilograms. This produced factors (D) and (G) which have childhood, adolescent, adult and old age values. A total of 368 black Kenyans were studied. The age range was 3-85 years.

and P.M. KWGN. " Curriculum for Masters degree Studies’ in Environmental Sciences.". In: Towards a Shared Vision for Higher Education. Cross Cultural Insights and Projects. Kassel: Institute of Socio-Cultural Studies (ISOS) Unistaff 2005. University of Kassel, State of Hessen, Germany; 2006.
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Abade OE, Kawaguchi N. " Design and Implementation of an XCAST6 Routing Engine.". In: at the 79th Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting. Beijing, China; 2010.
MUNYAO ML, S.Nyamwange, G. Wayoike. " Design for Environment: A survey of Mobile Phone handsets Disposal in Kenya.". In: Paper Presented in The 5th International Operations Research of Eastern Africa Conference, White Sands Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 16th . EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.; 2006. Abstract

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The research sought to find out the extent to which mobile phone users were aware about safe disposal of mobile phones. In addition the research went ahead to establish the avenues available to mobile phone manufacturers and users in order to enhance safe mobile disposal through a survey.  The research revealed that there was the need for the mobile manufacturers to manufacture handsets from recyclable materials. The manufacturers should also avail information on handset disposal at the point of sale and do a follow-up using the available media. The mobile services providers can also play an important role on mobile phone disposal by availing the information on the face of the scratch cards. In addition they can notify the subscribers on the available disposal channels through text messages. The government through the designated agencies such as the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) and National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) needs to be more assertive in mobile phone disposal measures.
Key words: Recycle, Disposal; Mobile Phone; handsets; Environment; Design; Kenya

Agwanda AO, Magadi M. " Determinants of transitions to first sex, marriage and pregnancy: Evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya.". In: Published African Population studies. E Afr Med J; 2005. Abstract

African Journal of Reproductive Health   (Accepted)

Langat S, Mbuge DO, Mutai EBK. " Determination of the Parameters for Design of Flexible Plastic Tank." AJST. 2010;Vol. 11(No. 2):37-45.
Developmental Defects of Enamel  . Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2011.
Disaster Management : HighLights  . Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2003.
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