Found 51963 results

Sort by: Author Title [ Type  (Asc)] Year
Wamitila KW. Marina's Voice. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2018.
Wamitila KW. Mawazo ya Kurumbiza na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2018.
and Kahiga, R. M. KNSRWE. Movement activities. Grade One. Teacher’s guide..; 2018.
and Kahiga, R. M. NKWR. Movement activities. Grade Three. Teacher’s guide.. Kenya Literature Bureau.; 2018.
and and Kahiga, R. M. KNSRWE. Movement activities. Grade Two. Teacher’s guide.. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau.; 2018.
Ndungu MN. Mwongozo wa Chozi la Heri. Nairobi: One Planet; 2018.
N M, S S, Onyango, M G, Murila F, Gichangi. National Guidelines For The Screening and Management of Retinopathy of Prematurity. Nairobi: Ministry of Health Kenya; 2018.
Njozi ya Machozi . Nairobi: Focus publishers; 2018.
Mwenda M. Njozi Yapata Mtenzi.; 2018.
Oduor R, Nyarwath O, Owakah F. Odera Oruka in the 21st Century. Washington: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (CRVP); 2018.
Bulinda DM. organizational behaviour in Educational management. Lambert Academic Publishing; 2018.
Ngotho-Esilaba RN, Onono JO, Ombui JN, Lindahl JF, Wesonga HO. Perceptions of challenges facing pastoral small ruminant production in a changing climate in Kenya; Handbook of climate change resilience. Switzerland AG: @Springer Nature ; 2018.
Ebrahim YH. Preparation for academic research and theses: From undergraduate to postgraduate degree levels. Beau Bassin, Mauritius: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2018.
Wamitila KW. The Roses of Sir Kenyapesacus. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2018.
Bulinda DM. Supervision and Inspection practice in Educational Administration. Lambert Academic Publishing; 2018.
Bulinda DM. The theoretical narrative in Educational Administration. Lambert Academic Publishing; 2018.
Mbatiah M. Watoto wa Mwelusi.; 2018.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. All teachers teaching reading all children reading: a pedagogical shift in teacher education in Kenya. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company ; 2017.
P S. Climate change and biodiversity. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2017.
I. K, Orodho J. A, J.P M. Concise Statistics; An Illustrative Approach to Problem Solving. MASENO, NAIROBI, KENYA: KANEZJA; 2017.
Maina. Design Materials and processes VOL 1. Nairobi: ISBN 978-620-2-00534-0 Frajopa Printers and Publishers Mall, Nairobi, Kenya ; 2017.
Maina. Design Materials and Processes VOL 3. Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2017.
Maina. Design Materials and Processes VOL 3. Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2017.
Okumu PO, Karanja DN, Gathumbi PK. Diseases of domestic rabbits and associated risk factors in Kenya. Germany : LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing ; 2017.
Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mbithi PM, Wabacha JK, Mbuthia PG. Disorders of the claw and their association with laminitis in smallholder zero-grazed dairy cows. University of Nairobi; 2017.
Syomiti M, Kuria J, Wahome R. Effective Microorganisms as an Additive for Improving Feed Value of Maize stovers. LAMBERT academic Publishers, Germany; 2017.
Musonye MM. Flower of a Stump. Nairobi: Oxford University Press; 2017.
Gakuu, C. M. KKHJ & PN. Fundamentals of Research Methods: Concepts, Theories and Application. Aura Publishers, Nairobi; 2017.
N M, M G, Gichuhi S, G K, N N, L M, M B. Guidelines For Screening And Management of Diabetic Retinopathy. Nairobi: Ministry of Health Kenya; 2017.
Awori MN. I AM- the meaning of life. USA: Kindle direct publish; 2017.
JOHN RUGENDO Chandi CMNR. Influence of Study Habits and Demographic Variables.; 2017.
Matula PD, KYALO DN, MULWA SA. Instructional Supervision:Bridging Theory and Practice(A handbook for students and Lecturers). Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 2017.
Angu C, Muthama JN, Mutai BK. The Interconnection among Aerosols, Urbanization and Weather. Lambert Academic Publishing; ISBN-10:3330026537; 2017.
Kariuki MI. Introduction to Financial Accounting. Nairobi,Kenya: Simpet Kenya Limited.; 2017.
Thiankolu M, Mavisi VK. Judiciary Bench Book on Electoral Disputes Resolution. Nairobi: The Judiciary (Kenya); 2017.
Maina. The Language of Design. Seattle: Amazon; 2017.
Andreassen BA, Ndohvu JB,(Eds) TB. Poverty and Human Rights: East African Experiences. Nairobi: Focus Publishers ltd; 2017.
Reading to learn in the content areas: The case of pre-service teachers. . Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2017.
Mungai C, Opondo M, Outa G, Nelson V, Nyasimi M, Kimeli P. Uptake of climate-smart agriculture through a gendered intersectionality lens: experiences from Western Kenya. Cham: Springer; 2017.

This study conducted in western Kenya demonstrates how a gendered intersectionality lens can be used to explore how and the extent to which farming communities are coping with climate change. Results from a quantitative survey undertaken with 51 farmers and from 4 focused group discussions held with 33 farmers (19 males and 14 females) indicate that 85% of the respondents are willing to adopt climate-smart agriculture (CSA) interventions if constraining factors are resolved. This study reveals that farmers, regardless of whether they are male or female, are willing to adopt climate-smart technologies and practices. However, factors such as ethnicity, education, age, and marital status determine the levels of uptake of CSA technologies and practices. Looking at crops, for instance, we find a high uptake (62.7%) of improved high yielding varieties (HYVs) amongst farmers with primary level education, meaning literacy levels influence the adoption of practices. Analysis using age as a lens reveals that there is a high uptake among youth and adults. Interestingly, the study site comprises both the Luo and Kalenjin ethnic communities and even though they neighbor each other, we find a high rate of uptake among the Luo community due to existing social and cultural norms and practices related to farming. In conclusion, using a gendered intersectionality lens strengthens the argument for targeted interventions that focus on local needs and priorities while recognizing local contexts as informed by social, cultural, and economic factors.

Climate-smart agriculture Uptake Gender Intersectionality Kenya

IRIBEMWANGI PI, Babusa H. Vazi la Mhudumu na Hadithi Nyingine Kutoka Afrika Mashariki. Nairobi: E.A. E. P; 2017.vazi_la_mhudumu.pdf
Bragt JV. A Soga Ryōjin Reader. Muriuki W, ed. Nagoya, Japan: Chisokudō; 2017. Abstract
Kiptoo CC. {An ontology and crowd computing model for expert-citizen knowledge transfer in biodiversity management. Study Leaders : Aurona G., Van de Merwe A.}. PhD Thesis ed. University of Pretoria; 2017. AbstractWebsite

Knowledge transfer has been identified as a strategic process for bridging the persistent gap between theory and practice. In biodiversity management, experts generate different types of knowledge that is transferred to citizen communities for practice. On the other hand, citizens constantly interact with their biosphere and from time to time are requested to convey ground knowledge to the experts for scientific analysis and interpretation. The transfer of knowledge between experts and citizens is faced by different challenges key among them being the large volume of the knowledge, complexity of the knowledge, as well as variegated absorptive capacity among citizen communities. Knowledge transfer models adopted for expert-citizen engagement in the biodiversity management domain must therefore consider these characteristics of the domain. Advances in computing technologies present opportunities to create knowledge transfer models that can minimize these challenges. Current knowledge transfer models were created mainly for organizational knowledge transfer and without consideration of specific computing technologies as a mode of knowledge transfer. These challenges and opportunities highlighted a need to investigate how a technology-based knowledge transfer model for biodiversity management could be created. The focus of this study was to explore enhancement of knowledge transfer in the biodiversity management domain using two specific technologies; knowledge representation using ontologies and crowd computing. The research draws from existing knowledge transfer models and properties of the two technologies. This study assumed the pragmatist philosophical stance and adopted the design science research (DSR) approach which is characterised by two intertwined cycles of ‘build' and ‘evaluate'. The research produced two main contributions from the two cycles. The build cycle led to creation of a technology-based model for knowledge transfer between experts and citizens in the biodiversity domain and was named the Biodiversity Management Knowledge Transfer (BiMaKT) model. Evaluation cycle resulted in development of a platform for transfer of biodiversity management knowledge between experts and citizens. The BiMaKT model reveals that two technologies; knowledge representation using ontologies and crowd computing, could be synergised to enable knowledge transfer between experts and citizens in biodiversity management. It is suggested that this model be utilised to guide development of biodiversity management applications where knowledge needs to be transferred between experts and citizens. The model also presents opportunity for exploration in other domains, especially where experts and citizens need to exchange knowledge. The knowledge transfer platform, reveals that the BiMaKT model could be used to guide development of biodiversity management knowledge transfer platforms. The study utilises a case of fruit fly control and management knowledge transfer between fruit fly experts and fruit farmers for evaluation of the contributions. An experiment using the case demonstrated that the challenges facing knowledge transfer in the domain could be reduced through ontological modelling of domain knowledge and harnessing of online crowds participation through crowd computing. The platform presents opportunity for more empirical studies on usage of the platform in knowledge transfer activities.

Kibegwa F, Githui K, Joseph Jung'a, Jung'a J. {Mitochondrial DNA Diversity and Phylogenetic Relationships: Among two indigenous Kenyan goat breeds}. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2017. Abstract
Mbuthia E-EM. : “Fimbo ya Mbali na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: ''Fimbo ya Mbali na hadithi Nyingine; 2016.
Enabulele O, Esen E, Gonzalez-Perez MA, Harvey CR, Herrera-Cano A, Herrera-Cano C, Hiko A, Manterola FJ, Kaartemo V, Kihiko MK, Kinoti MW. Climate Change and the 2030 Corporate Agenda for Sustainable Development. Emerald Group Publishing Limited; 2016.
Gitao G, Maina S, Gathumbi P. Experimental infection of Peste des petits ruminants disease in Kenya. Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-659-97197-6-1.pdf
Gentle Graceful Giraffes. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Gentle gracing giraffes. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. The girl whose feet could not stop growing. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
The Girl Whose Feet Could Not Stop Growing. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Nyanchaga EN. History of Water Supply and Governance in Kenya (1895 – 2005). Lessons and Futures.. Tampere, Finland: Tampere University Press.ISBN 978-952-03-0059-3; ISBN 978-952-03-0060-9(pdf).,; 2016.
Wamitila KW. Kichocheo cha Ushairi: Mwongozo wa Uchambuzi wa Mashairi. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2016.
Habwe J. Kiswahili Language Dictionary. Nairobi: Jamo Kenyatta Foundation ; 2016.
Kibugi R, Makathimo M, Mwathane I. Large Scale Land Acquisitions for Investments in Kenya: Is the Participation, and benefits for affected local communities meaningful, and equitable? A case study of the situation in Lamu, Isiolo and Siaya Counties . Nairobi: Land Development and Governance Institute ; 2016. Abstractlarge_scale_land_acquisitions_for_investment_in_kenya.pdfWebsite

Land acquisitions, either driven by foreign investments or domestic investment needs have continued to polarize opinions. When this research was proposed, it was premised on arguments by scholars Ruth Meinzen-Dick and Helen Markelova, who had analysed agricultural land deals, and argued that there were potentially two schools of thought about foreign acquisitions over agricultural land. Their school of thought regards them as “beneficial investments” whereby investors are viewed as bringing needed investment, possibly improved technology or farming knowledge, thereby generating employment and increasing food production. Meinzen-Dick and Markelova further argued that because these land acquisitions, foreign and domestic, are ongoing at a very fast rate, it is necessary for host countries to focus on what they can do to seize the opportunities and mitigate the risks associated with the deals.
During implementation of the research project in Kenya, it became clear that although prior illustrations of land deals included foreign acquisitions (e.g. Dominion farms), a government economic policy focusing on mega- infrastructure projects was driving (or expected to drive) a much higher pace of land acquisitions either for primary infrastructure, or for the economic activities that flowed from the primary infrastructure. This is in the context of the Lamu South Sudan Ethiopia Transportation Corridor (LAPSSET) project, which is a flagship means for realization of Vision 2030; Kenya’s current national development plan. Thus, a national conversation is necessary to debate the crucial question of how to provide safeguards to protect the interests of local communities directly affected by these investments, including compensation of land that is taken, and their place in the socio-economic and environmental continuum of investment projects from design to implementation.
The following findings and recommendations have resulted from this research, and it is anticipated they will be valuable in setting the agenda and tone of such a useful national conversation, as well as tangible actions:

A. Lessons, Conclusions and findings requiring policy level interventions

1. Regularization of landholding and tenure systems.
The absence or weakness of formal landholding, and land registration systems was evident in most of the research sites, in Isiolo and Lamu. This is despite Kenya having put in place new land laws in 2012 to give effect to constitutional provisions to protect land rights. This has resulted either in emergence of informal land administration and conveyance systems (Lamu), or the emergence of a complex system of formal land allocation that brings about multi-allocation of land through repeated issuance of allotment letters, (Isiolo), or non-adjudication and registration of community lands (Isiolo, Lamu). In either instance this results in undermining security of tenure, and enhances the vulnerability of concerned communities who will face difficulties securing their interests in the land ahead of any large scale land acquisitions, due to the entry of speculators, and persons interested in grabbing the land by being first to obtain formal registration. The Kenyan national government should consider partnering with the County government in Isiolo in order to identify the nature and extent of, and take steps to resolve the problem of multi-allocations of land there. In addition, putting in place a programme for regularization of tenure rights by addressing the challenges of those without title is important as it will enhance the security of tenure of people affected by compulsory acquisition.

2. Enhancing tenure of certain communities through implementation of the provisions of Community Land Act.
This conclusion is drawn from findings in research amongst the Aweer (Bargoni), and Turkana communities (Ngare Mara) where residents expressed apprehension over their tenure security in the face of land acquisition for LAPSSET infrastructure. This is because the land has not been (fully) adjudicated or registered in favour of the community notwithstanding existence of the Land (Group Representatives) Act that preceded the 2016 community land law. It is recommended that the government expedites the application of the provisions of the Community Land Act for the Lamu and Isiolo communities faced by these land acquisition projects as a first step to guaranteeing the beneficial interests of the community members, first by protecting tenure rights, and subsequently providing for equitable community land governance mechanisms.

3. Clarification on the practice and methodology of valuation of land and non-land assets for compensation.
The repeal of the Land Acquisition Act, and with that the Schedule that defined the methodology of valuation of land requires to be resolved. In any event, based on the analysis in the research, and findings, there is need to formally resolve the entitlement to compensation for persons without legal title. In addition, it is imperative for Kenya to state in law or regulations the methodology to be applied in valuation of non-land assets, including the loss of livelihoods. Application of the full replacement cost methodology, as discussed, provides a viable option because, in addition to anchoring on the market value of the land, the replacement cost approach extends compensation to non-land assets, using the real cost of full replacement, and not factoring in any depreciation of the non-land assets being replaced, and takes into account all the transaction costs of purchasing (conveyancing fees, etc), or logistical costs of replacement of non-land assets.

4. Internalization of resettlement safeguards principles and practice into Kenyan law of compulsory acquisition of land
A review of the current legal situation in Kenya concerning compulsory acquisition of land discloses the absence of safeguards governing interaction with host community, as well as involuntary resettlement safeguards in the event of displacement by land acquisition. This includes exploring the possible application of an FPIC process that emphasizes the quality and meaningfulness of affected community participation, including the impact that views obtained during consultations have on the final decision. Equally critical is the decision to vertically integrate the process by requiring the consultation of the affected public during project planning. In the sense of feasibility studies, and project designs, this suggests that community participation may add value to the process by being conducted much earlier on in the process, and contribute to analysis of project sites, and alternatives.

For practical purposes, Kenya could consider a legal requirement for a national Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) that would govern internalization of resettlement safeguards, including participation of communities. Key to this is that if a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is required, in terms of EMCA, both the RAP and RPF would have undergo a Strategic Environmental Assessment thereby providing a means for risk assessment in advance of major implementation steps being underway.

5. Policy linkage of investment promotion rules with investments flowing from land acquisitions to secure community benefit through contracts and business models
At a policy level, it is important for Kenya to revisit, in a framework sense, how to use investment promotion rules and binding contracts to safeguard socio-economic, environmental benefits and livelihoods of local communities. This is mainly in context of the continuum of an investment, from land acquisition, and during its implementation. The Investment Promotion Act, while addressing the benefit to Kenya threshold, is not aggressively applied, and as evidenced by the Dominion contracts, critical socio-economic safeguards were not included. A clear policy evaluation of business models application, either contracts in the context of farming investments, or other types, should be undertaken and public disclosure of the proposed business model(s) should be undertaken early enough, to ensure affected project communities do not experience anxiety over their future.

This could be done in context of section 12 of the Land Act, which requires the National Land Commission to make regulations to govern how investments on public land will safeguard community benefits and livelihoods. The details of these considerations have been discussed at length earlier in this report.

6. Regulations to regulate methodology for assessment of just compensation
Kenya is currently engaged in a number of infrastructural projects that call for the compulsory acquisition and compensation of land. As noted in the study, Section 111 of the Land Act requires the National Land Commission to develop rules to regulate the assessment of just compensation where land is compulsorily acquired. As at the time of this report, these rules had not yet been developed. The rules will help to standardize the methodology for the anticipated assessment and make the process more predictable and, in an environment where the government is involved in the development of infrastructure calling for massive compensation of compulsorily acquired land, the development of these rules should have been accorded priority.

It is however noted that regulations to operate the entire Land Act have not yet been developed. Perhaps the development of these regulations, and the rules to govern assessment for just compensation, may have been delayed by the amendments recently effected to the Land Act. Now that the amendments were concluded, it is recommended that the development of the rules to govern the assessment of just compensation payable to landowners affected by large scale investments on land be expedited.

B. Lessons, conclusions and findings requiring direct actions at community level
In this category, the conclusions and findings are drawn to highlight matters that directly affect the voice and equitable benefit or participation of affected local communities, either in land acquisition process, or in the continuum of investments introduced in their midst.

1. A community dissemination manual for transfer of knowledge about land laws, policies and land administration processes
In focus group discussions held in the course of field work, the research team got similar feedback multiple times that the (potentially) affected “had heard” on radio, or through other fora that Kenya had new land laws in place, they did not really know the content of these laws. A similar sentiment was expressed with regard to knowledge of details about the components of the various LAPSSET projects. Communities indicated that they would want to have some form of civic education on this, especially regarding tenure rights, the land administration system (surveying, adjudication and registration), the implications and contents of the new community land law, and legal protection of community rights during land acquisition. One key finding was a preference by community members to have some of their own members trained in order to pass the knowledge to the communities, a sentiment that arose from a desire to receive information from a trustworthy source who was part of the community. Another finding was that community members did not have clear details on available grievance mechanisms on the land administration system, and while some had managed to access the National Land Commission, they lamented that it was based in Nairobi.

This finding suggests there is a need to develop a basic community dissemination manual, that includes a provision for empowerment of community based trainers (through a Training of Trainers concept). In such an approach, the dissemination manual can be published in simple language, including translation to Kiswahili or local languages where preferable.

2. Enhancement of meaningful public participation in the entire continuum through effective consultations and disclosure of relevant information

In order to enhance the voice of the community ahead of any process of land acquisition, it will be helpful to integrate a constructive and meaningful process of consultation with potentially affected communities, from early on during project planning, feasibility studies to onboarding of investments. This would particularly aid in providing value on local circumstances and risks that may not be obvious to technical teams. Occurrences such as in the Isiolo Kiwanjani settlement (displaced for the airport) where residents of Kiwanjani Zone G Squatter complained that maps generated during the acquisition process continued to record their land as being part of the airport complex despite there being a 75 feet road between the airport boundary, and the plots in question, would be avoided.

Enhanced community participation would further provide a valuable avenue through which the [potentially] affected local community can enhance its voice by having an opinion (which is taken into account) early on in the stages of the project design. However, this approach would also require protection from speculative behavior, that could result in an artificial increase in market value of land, due to market behavior triggered by anticipation of a project, and land acquisition. Access to information requires that this type of information is made available to the public, but in order to control speculative behaviour that drives up the cost of land compensation, government can apply the new 2016 Access to Information Act to sieve out aspects that are either confidential or considered deliberative and therefore not to be publicly disclosed. Another helpful approach would be to undertake the feasibility studies focusing on multiple alternative sites, without showing preference for any particular site.

Meaningful community participation requires a legal or policy definition of how to ensure consultations are effective. This could include possibility of requiring consulting (public) agencies to return to the host community and disclose how they considered the various opinions, and provide feedback. The community dissemination manual proposed above would provide a valuable tool through which to structure techniques that affected local communities can apply in order to have meaningful consultations. The manual could also include implications of the procedures set out in the new 2016 Access to Information Act.

3. Promotion of Networking by Project Affected communities in various parts of Kenya to build knowledge and exchange thoughts
There are multiple instances of compulsory acquisition of land in Kenya (e.g. For LAPSSET projects), or the allocation of land by government for private investments (Siaya – Dominion). The processes are at various stages, either at conceptual point, or having gone through various steps of acquisition and onboarding of investments. Equally, others are complete and the investment has been operational for a number of years. In all these cases, there multiple lessons to be learnt between the various affected local communities. In both Lamu and Isiolo for instance, the research engaged with multiple focus groups drawn from within the same project locality but in different geographical sections – and there was evidence that there was no integrated system to promote consultations and learning from each other. Further, even where acquisition and investments have been undertaken in separate parts of the country, people from Isiolo or Lamu could learn coping techniques from those in Siaya, or by learning the adverse impacts in Siaya, become more interested in enhancing their voices in the local context to avoid a similar outcome. Therefore, the idea of a network that brings together representatives of the various communities is useful to consider. Such a network would also include policy makers drawn from the national and county governments. Already in most of these local communities, the research observed that chiefs (who are national government administration officers) are an integral part of the community process. Learning forums could be organized, and a feedback process put in place such that when representatives return to their local communities, they can provide details to their neighbours. Such a network would however require that policy makers also commit to provide valuable information and feedback to any questions and problems raised by participating communities.

An alternative to utilization of physical meetings for such a network is application of internet-based technology. In this case, a network can be developed through low cost options, such as through the WhatsApp Platform. Although this requires internet access through a smartphone, the Land Development and Governance Institute has been piloting a WhatsApp based platform that creates a Network aptly named Community Land Matters. The experience with this platform is discussed at length in section 9.

4. Involvement of Women in Community Interventions
The study exposes some good lessons in the involvement of women in community interventions and leadership on communal land rights. It was instructive that for instance in the discussion with the Aweer group in Bargoni, Lamu, some women participants in the focus group discussions were very active and made crucial contributions. In addition, the women also made distinguished contributions too during discussions with the Turkana community at Ngare Mara, Isiolo County, where critical leadership positions in the community are held by women.

Yet, the two communities, like many others in Kenya, are largely patriarchal. This experience provides a good benchmarking lesson that, despite the cultural practices that have informed many communities in the past, given opportunity, women may play critical roles in helping communities protect and mitigate their communal land rights where circumstances so demand.

5. Compensation to “occupants in good faith” without title to land
As noted in the study, Article 40(4) of the Constitution of Kenya states that ‘provision may be made for compensation to be paid to occupants in good faith of land acquired under clause (3) who may not hold title to the land”. While the rules to govern how the discretion implied by this Article are yet to be developed, the study reveals that the State has exercised this discretion positively in the studied Port site in Lamu and the Airport site in Isiolo. Despite land owners not holding title to their land in the two places, cash-for-land and land-for-land compensation was made to the claimants in Lamu and Isiolo respectively.

These are good precedents for other parts of the country where formal processes to register communal land have not been applied or completed. Lessons learnt from these two Counties may be borrowed to inform and improve similar compensation exercises elsewhere.

6. Protection of interests of legitimate beneficiaries during compensation

Incidents were recounted of husbands and fathers pocketing the proceeds of compensation and departing home with the entire compensation sum. This leaves the wives and children vulnerably exposed and without alternative livelihoods. Such people become a problem for the community and State. To avoid such negligence, the government should consider regulating the release of compensation funds. The practice under the Land Control Act Chapter 302 of the Laws of Kenya which regulates transactions of agricultural land could be borrowed. Though not written into the law, Land Control Boards always require the proprietor’s spouse to be in attendance before approval to any application for approval of a transaction such as subdivision or sale of family property. And where they are in doubt about the facts to any application, they will usually refer to an area elder or the Assistant Chief for pertinent information in an effort to ensure that spouse and children are in agreement. Such a procedure could be enforced in the case of compensation following acquisition.

It is recommended that the Government, in liaison with the National Land Commission, puts in place modalities to explore how a similar social safeguard procedure could be instituted in the proceedings for compensation under the Land Act to protect legitimate beneficiaries in instances where acquisition of land for projects has to be done with requisite compensation to landowners.

7. Preservation of indigenous and local knowledge:
Project activities involving large scale land acquisition have the inevitable consequence, in some cases, of interfering or totally defacing available traditional/indigenous knowledge from the affected site. This is the case in some parts of Lamu and Isiolo where invaluable oral and cultural knowledge, including some cultural sites, have been preserved over the years. In any event, if enhanced community participation is adopted, and a threshold placed to examine if the participation is meaningful, the indigenous and local knowledge of the communities will also benefit the project at the point of local risk assessment. In this case, recording of such knowledge can be undertaken for posterity use.
It is therefore recommended that the implementation of such projects be preceded by a quick knowledge mapping to determine and document such knowledge before destruction or adulteration, together with enhanced community participation. Where possible, such knowledge can be proactively preserved in collaboration with the relevant state organs. Such a mapping can still be done for the LAPSSET Corridor and Isiolo Resort City before implementation takes off.

Mbatiah, Mwenda. Majilio ya Mkombozi. Nairobi: Moran; 2016.
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta LA, Akcakaya HR, Brotons L, Cheung WWL, Christensen V, Harhash KA, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Lundquist C, Obersteiner M, Pereira HM, Peterson G, Pichs-Madruga R, Ravindranath N, Rondinini C, Wintle BA. The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bonn, Germany: IPBES; 2016.2016.methodological_assessment_report_scenarios_models.pdf
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Warambo JP. Mwongozo wa Damu Nyeusi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2016. Abstractmwongozo_wa_damu_nyeusi_cover_copy.pdf


IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Mwongozo wa Kidagaa Kimemwozea. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.mwongozo_wa_riwaya_kidagaa_kimemwozea.pdf
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister has got mumps. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
My Sister has Got the Mumps. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister was born yellow. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
My Sister Was Born Yellow. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Habwe J. Pendo La Karaha. Nairobi: Moran Publishers; 2016.
Wakana, S., Siraishi, S., Ondicho, TG, eds. Re-finding African assets and City Environments: Governance, Research and Reflexivity. Tokyo: ILCAA & JSPS; 2016.
Kibui AW. Resolving Conflict in Kenya's Schools: Theory And Practice. Germany: LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2016.
Mbatiah, Mwenda. Riwaya ya Kiswahili:Chimbuko na Maendeleo Yake. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2016.
Gitao G, Kibore B, Sangula A. Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Kenya. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-330-01103-8.pdf
Michieka RW. Trials in academic and administrative leadership in kenya. Dakar: Codesria; 2016.
Idenya PM. Under the Watchful Eye of Mary: LIVING the MYSTERIES of the HOLY ROSARY. UK: AuthorHouse; 2016. AbstractAuthorHouse UK

As the Lord Jesus faced imminent death upon the Cross, He dedicated all His beloved disciples to a love relationship with His Mother saying, “Behold your mother!” St. John was present at the foot of the Cross, representing all mankind. And from that hour, he took her into his home. This commissioning of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Mother of all mankind illustrates the great love with which the LORD Jesus offered His life for all peoples - by giving us the gift of His mother. All are to comprehend that Mary has an active role to play in our faith and in our spiritual life. We acknowledge that this is how the LORD Jesus wished to bring His Sacrifice to completion by entrusting His mother to His beloved disciple, and in the beloved disciple to all mankind. It is a concrete maternal love relationship between Mary and all who trustingly commend themselves to her care. Under the watchful eye of Mary is a spiritual journey where we learn from the Blessed Mother of God what living a worthy discipleship in the LORD is, and we meditatively pray with the Blessed Mary as the first Christian Community did before Pentecost.

Kiptoo CC, Gerber A, van der Merwe A. {The ontological modelling of fruit fly control and management knowledge}.; 2016. Abstract

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Fruit fly control and management in Africa has been the topic of several scientific investigations resulting in diverse sources of knowledge on the topic. Despite the existence of this knowledge, frequently it is not readily accessible to all targeted beneficiaries; this can be due to, for example, the remote locations of farms and the complexity of the knowledge. However, recent technological developments such as web technologies and networking allow for the engagement and participation of stakeholder groups in the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge and these technologies can also be applied to fruit fly knowledge. In order to facilitate this stakeholder participation in fruit fly knowledge sharing, the relevant domain knowledge needs to be available in a format that can support stakeholder engagement, preferably through the Web. Fruit fly knowledge has not been modelled in this manner and this paper reports on an investigation to model and capture the relevant domain knowledge using ontologies. The objective of this work is thus the development of the domain ontology and its evaluation using a prototype stakeholder participation system for fruit fly control and management that was capable of utilising the ontology. We describe our findings on the use of ontology technologies for representation of fruit fly knowledge, the fruit fly ontology developed, as well as a prototype Web-based system that uses the ontology as a source of knowledge.

Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mbithi PMF, Mbuthia P.G. Claw disorders in dairy cows under smallholder zero-grazing units. Saarbrucken: Scholar's Press; 2015.
Nguhiu J, P M F M, Mbuthia P G. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Smallholder Zero-grazing Units. Saarbrucken, Germany: Scholars' Press; 2015.
Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mbithi PMF, Mbuthia PG. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Varying Zero-Grazing Units. Scholars’ Press. ; 2015.
Wasamba P. Contemporary Oral Literature Fieldwork: A Researcher’s Guide. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 2015.
In. Counseling skills for counsellors. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2015.
Moronge J. Economic Liberalisation and Industrial Restructuring in Kenya. Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2015.
(IIRR) TO,(KAPP) FO,(KAPP) EIC,(MKU) NJH,(IIRR) EM,(IIRR) CM,(IIRR) NB. Fruits of our toil. Nairobi: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Cathedral road, Nairobi; 2015.Fruits of our toil kapap_book_d10-1.pdf
Oladipo R, Ikimari L, Kiplang’at J, Barasa L. General research methods. Nairobi: Oxford University Press East Africa; 2015.
Matula PD, Wanjala G, Ankoma. Instructional Supervision. Nairobi. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2015.
Wanjala G, Phylister D. Matula, Ankomah YA. Instructional Supervision: A Text for the M.Ed. Degree Programme of the University of Nairobi. Nairobi: CODL: University of Nairobi; 2015.
Muchiri J, Wasamba P(eds.). Kenya Meets Korea in Essays. Nairobi: College of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Nairobi; 2015.
of health M, of Nairobi U. kenya national oral health survey. kenya: ministry of health; 2015.kenya_national_oral_health_survey_report_2015.pdf
Olali T. Mashetani wa Alepo. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2015.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Wamalwa K. Miali ya Ushairi: Shule za upili na vyuo vya elimu. Nairobi: EAEP; 2015.miali_ya_ushairi_2016.jpg
Omondi FA. Modelling and Performability Evaluation of Wireless Sensor Networks.; 2015. Abstract

This thesis presents generic analytical models of homogeneous clustered Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) with a centrally located Cluster Head (CH) coordinating cluster communication with the sink directly or through other intermediate nodes. The focus is to integrate
performance and availability studies of WSNs in the presence of sensor
nodes and channel failures and repair/replacement. The main purpose is to enhance improvement of WSN Quality of Service (QoS).
Other research works also considered in this thesis include modelling
of packet arrival distribution at the CH and intermediate nodes, and
modelling of energy consumption at the sensor nodes

Behrens R, Dorothy McCormick, Mfinanga D. Paratransit in African Cities: Operations, Regulation and Transformation. . London: Earthscan; 2015.
Kihu SK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC. Peste des Petits ruminants disease in Turkana, Kenya. Omni scriptum GmbH and Co KG. ISBN 978-3-659-51078-3: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ; 2015.peste_des_petits_ruminants_in_kenya-1.pdf
Matula PD, KYALO DN, Mulwa AS. Sociology of Education: Issues, Theories, Application, Revision Questions and Answers. Nairobi: Downtown Printing Works Ltd; 2015.
Speaker Intention In Monologue Discourse. Saarbrucken: Verlag; 2015.
Idenya PM. Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor. US: Xulon Press; 2015. AbstractXulon Press

When I made the decision to make prayer a part of my daily activities, I found myself drawn to it by an inner yearning that made me look forward to those moments. Initially I prayed for my own needs, then for those close to me, then for those who asked me to pray for them. There emerged a noticeable pattern of how I prayed. It was by a movement of my heart in prayer, over which I had absolutely no control. I only needed to start praying and I would find myself drawn to particular groups or situations to pray for - ‘the unborn’, ‘the departed souls’, ‘peace in families’, ‘mothers’, ‘priests’, ‘the unemployed’. One time, while I was praying the rosary, I felt drawn to pray for missionaries. When I finished, I went to my workplace and immediately did an internet search on “missionary rosary”. I came across the “world mission rosary” that was inaugurated by Venerable Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen with these words, “We must pray, and not for ourselves, but for the world.”
Praying with this rosary became my transformation into intercessory prayer for all the peoples of the world. The joy that I found in intercession drew me to do some research work on intercession as a gift and as a ministry. That which I thought was something that is for a specific group of people turned out to be an open invite to all who are baptized Christians. I found this to be one area we can and should take up seriously our baptismal commitment as priests, prophets and kings. Thus, I decided to share my findings with all those who are probably desirous to serve in this ministry by coming up with “Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor”. Will you?

Mogambi H. Usilie Yakobo. Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers Ltd; 2015.
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Nguhiu J, P M F M, Mbuthia P G. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Smallholder Zero-grazing Units. Saarbrucken, Germany: Scholars’ Press; 2015. Abstract
Ngeso na Kit Mikayi ( children literature) . Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2014.
N. M, Mwangi I, Mbatiah M. Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima Na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbali Mbali.. nairobi: Focus Books. ISBN 9966-01-224-1; 2014.
Kuria MW. Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Orata D. Basic Thermodynamics And Kinetics (for Scientists and Engineers). Germany: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2014.
Gitao, C.G., Bebora, L.C., Wanjohi. G. Camel Mik Hygiene: Analysis of Camel Milk contamination in Garissa and Wajir Counties in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-58174-8_coverpreview2.pdf
Chaudhry S. China- Africa Economic Relations in the Post Mao Era. Germany: Lambert Academic Publications; 2014.
Mogambi H. Chozi Langu. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2014.
Chozi la Jiwe ( children literature) . Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2014.
Communication skills for academic excellence. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2014.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO, Wangamati AS. Communication skills for academic exellence. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2014.
Maina SM. communication Skills, Edition for University and College Students. Nairobi: The Mwituria Publishers; 2014.
Dr. Samuel Mwituria Maina PhD, IDR OGW. Communication Skills, Edition For University and College Students. Nairobi: Frajpa Publishers & Printers Mall; 2014. Abstract


he communication skills course is to a large extent mandatory for all students aiming to acquire any kind of certification from the university. It is usually a first year introductory course. This shows the important role competencies in communication skills plays in the acquisition of the rest of the courses taught at the university and in fact any other institution of higher learning. The generic content of the course is as follows:

Overview of the communication process in relation to reading, writing, and speaking skills; the nature of the reading process with a focus on the evaluation of bottom-up, top-down and interactive models; important factors in readability; cohesion, coherence, sentence length and complexity, organization; paragraph structure and reader strategy; fundamentals factors in effective writing process; principles of development in expressive, informative argumentative and persuasive writing skills, exploring works and meanings; denotations, connotations, metaphors, euphemisms and clichés; report writing; writing a research or library paper plagiarism and how to avoid it. Transcoding; mechanics or oral presentation techniques in seminars; tutorials, public places; listening in academic contexts. Information skills; public places; listening in academic contexts. Information skills; information sources, types of libraries; reference works and techniques; information technology, evaluation of information sources; classification schemes
This book “communication skills” is based on the need to highlight issues pertinent to this content. The aim is to equip the student with the requisite competencies to meet her academic needs throughout her/his course in the institution.
Upon successful coverage of the materials contained in this book, the student should be able to:

1. Identify basic communication principles.
2. Apply a communication process model.
3. Set clear goals for their communication.
4. Determine outcomes and results.
5. Initiate communications.
6. Avoid communication breakdowns.
7. Translate across communication styles.
8. Listen for improved understanding.
9. Achieve genuine communication.
10. Match the body language to the message.
11. Work constructively with emotions.
12. Manage verbal communication.

veryone uses interpersonal communication skills. We use them at home with our families, in the workplace with our bosses and co-workers, on our computers when we answer email, and on the telephone when we make orders. This manual is intended to help you improve your interpersonal communication skills and develop new skills to become a more effective communicator. Communication skills apply to all human relationships, personal and business. We gain respect or rejection based on our interpersonal communication skills. People send us messages in every interpersonal communication encounter.
Some of those messages can be explicit (verbal comments) or implicit (nonverbal facial expressions, other body language, and physical demeanour). The first step in communication is using the appropriate method. In the work place there is likely to be a variety of communication tools available. One needs to decide whether a situation calls for an email, a phone call or a face to face conversation. Both face to face conversations and telephone calls allow you to have two-way conversation and give you an opportunity to get your personality across, which is far harder via email. Conversely email is great if you are trying to organise a meeting or to summarise the action points from a meeting as it is more time effective than telephoning everyone individually. This applies when either written or verbal communication is called upon. A formal tone is more appropriate when addressing a new or recently acquired customer than if you were to address your colleagues in a team meeting.
Hand in hand with this approach is recognizing when you need to adapt the way you present information based on the experience of your audience. When presenting information to a group of colleagues who have been working on a project with you, it would be reasonable to assume, that they would have a similar level of background knowledge and understanding as you do. Conversely if you are communicating the results of your project to a new audience, you need to ensure that any abbreviations or acronyms are clearly explained.
Communication should never be a one-way process. Visibly showing your interest in what others are saying helps to build rapport and can also be achieved through positive body language like appropriately maintaining eye contact, smiling and nodding. Competency in written and verbal communication skills means you are able to:
• Select appropriate and effective communication methods.
• Ascertain the appropriate tone and level of language in specific situations.
• Present information via a verbal or written medium that is easily comprehensible to others.
• Actively listen and pay attention to people, asking questions if necessary.

This book will provide innovative training contents and tools to allow participants to learn, practice and increase their Communication Skills.
The objectives
Familiarize the students with the concept of human communication; theories and dimensions; and its role in the success of the individual on personal, social, and practical levels. Make sure that the student acquires the necessary skills of the effective communication with himself and others in social and formal settings. Teach the student how to apply these skills in various life situations. The main aims of the book are to foster:
 Awareness of the variability of language and communication forms over time and in different geographical, social and Communications environments.
 Sound knowledge of Basic vocabulary, functional grammar and style, functions of language.
 Awareness of various types of verbal interaction (conversations, interviews, debates, etc.) and the main features of different styles and registers in spoken language.
 Understanding the paralinguistic features of communication (voice-quality features, facial expressions, postural and gesture systems).
 And to practice and to improve the: Skills needed to use aids (such as notes, schemes, maps) to produce, present or understand complex texts in written or oral form (speeches, conversations, instructions, interviews, debates).
 Ability to communicate, in written or oral form, and understand, or make others understand, various messages in a variety of situations and for different purposes.
Communication includes the ability to listen to and understand various spoken messages in a variety of communicative situations and to speak concisely and clearly. It also comprises the ability to monitor whether one is getting one’s message across successfully and the ability to initiate, sustain and end a conversation in different communicative contexts.
To achieve the goals outlined above, this book broadly covered the following topics: The communication process; approaches to the study of communication; information retrieval and library use ; listening skills and lecture comprehension strategies; writing skills ; direction words, paragraphs and punctuations; methods of taking notes; writing in examinations; writing of assignments, resumes, and reports. Oral representation and public address; information dissemination techniques; communication technology; visual literacy. The aim was to equip and improve the learners Ability to distinguish, in listening, speaking, reading and writing, relevant from irrelevant information. Ability to formulate one’s arguments, in speaking or writing, in a convincing manner and take full account of other viewpoints, whether expressed in written or oral form.

Kaviti L, Gichinga J. Cry of the Heart. Nairobi: Arba Publications Ltd. ; 2014.
Gitao CG, Mbindyo C, Bebora L. Dairy Goat Milk Hygiene: Analyses in Mt Kenya Region. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-61078-3_coverpreview2.pdf
J.N. M, Mbatiah M, Iribe M. Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbali Mbali katika Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili. Nairobi: Focus Books; 2014.
Imonje RK, Monda. A, Ndirangu CW. Flood and Education: Access to Education in Flood Prone Areas. Lambert publishing house; 2014.
C.G. Gitao, E. Chepkwony, G. Muchemi. Foot and Mouth Disease in Somali Eco-system: Disease patterns in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-59673-5_coverpreview2.pdf
Habwe J. Hadaa ya Nafsi. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2014.
Saidi H, Gichangi P MAPK. Histology Module I: Basic Histology. Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
M OM, F. M, J. AM. Human Resources Management. Mombasa, Kenya ; 2014.
Matula PD, KYALO DN, MULWA SA. Instructional Supervision:Bridging Theory and Practice(A handbook for students and Lecturers). Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2014.
Ogecha J, Kisera JK, Ariga S. Integrated Beanfly Management in East Africa: Beanfly Management on Common Beans in Kenya. London: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.
Mutia Jemimah LG. Internal Efficiency and Public Secondary School Financing. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.
Wamitila KW. Kaza Macho. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2014.
Kanyinga K. Kenya: Democracy and Political Participation. Nairobi: Open Society Initiative of East Africa; 2014.
Murunga GR, Okelo D, Sjögren A. Kenya: The Struggle for a New Constitutional Order. London: Zed Books; 2014.
Saidi H, ONGETI K, Mandela P, Mwachaka P, Olabu B. Kiman's Histology Text and Manual. Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Kovu la Moyoni. Nairobi: Bookmark; 2014.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. Management of puff adder (Bitis Arietans) snake bite and envenomation in dogs: case report. University of Nairobi; 2014.
Bentivoglio M, Cavalherio EA, Kristensson K, Patel NB. Neglected Tropical Diseases and Conditions of the Nervous System. Springer; 2014.productflyer_978-1-4614-8099-0-1.pdf
Field CB, Aalst MV, Aalst MV, Opondo M, Poloczanska E, Pörtner H-O, Redsteer MH. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. USA: IPCC; 2014.

Human interference with the climate system is occurring. [WGI AR5 2.2, 6.3, 10.3-6, 10.9] Climate change poses risks for human and natural systems (Figure TS.1). The assessment of impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability in the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5) evaluates how patterns of risks and potential benefits are shifting due to climate change and how risks can be reduced through mitigation and adaptation. It recognizes that risks of climate change will vary across regions and populations, through space and time, dependent on myriad factors including the extent of mitigation and adaptation. [INSERT FIGURE TS.1 HERE Figure TS.1: Climate-related hazards, exposure, and vulnerability interact to produce risk. Changes in both the climate system (left) and development processes including adaptation and mitigation (right) are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability. [19.2, Figure 19-1]] Section A of this summary characterizes observed impacts, vulnerability and exposure, and responses to date. Section B examines the range of future risks and potential benefits across sectors and regions, highlighting where choices matter for reducing risks through mitigation and adaptation. Section C considers principles for effective adaptation and the broader interactions among adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development. Box TS.1 introduces the context of the WGII AR5, and Box TS.2 defines central concepts. To accurately convey the degree of certainty in key findings, the report relies on the consistent use of calibrated uncertainty language, introduced in Box TS.3. Chapter references in square brackets indicate support for findings, paragraphs of findings, figures, and tables in this summary.

prof habwe. pendo la kahara. nairobi: moran publishers; 2014.
Gatumu JC. Teachers and students attitudes towards Christian Religious Education.. Saarbrucken: Scholars press. ISBN 9783639710205; 2014. Abstract

The research discussed in this book sought to penetrate the functional role fo teachers and students’ attitudes towards Christian Religious Education in Kenya. A mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) approach was employed with the investigations being ‘ex post facto’ in design. A random stratified procedure was employed to select the constituents of the sample. The sample consisted of 49 teachers and 909 students. The methodology, findings, discussion, conclusions and recommendations of the research are presented in the book.

Ongaro J. Towards Plane Hurwitz Numbers, Licentiate Thesis in Mathematics at Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Department of mathematics; 2014. Abstract


Njeri KM. Women and the Informal Economy in Urban Africa. London: Zed Publishers; 2014.
Gatari M, Berhane Z, Ulmer L, Omanga E. Industrial air pollution in rural Kenya: community awareness, risk perception and associations between risk variables.; 2014. AbstractWebsite

Background Developing countries have limited air quality management systems due to inadequate legislation and lack of political will, among other challenges. Maintaining a balance between economic development and sustainable environment is a challenge …

Mutuli SM, BIRIR JK, Maina DM, Kairu WM, Gatari MM. Welding Quality in Kenya: Application of Radiography.; 2014. AbstractWebsite

In Kenya, welding services are extensively employed in both the formal and informal sectors. The needs continue to increase with increasing population, infrastructure and vehicle fleet, and economic development. Welding need is even currently very important in support of …

Costanzo LS. Physiology: with {STUDENT} {CONSULT} {Online} {Access}, 5e. 5 edition. Philadelphia Pa.: Saunders; 2013. Abstract

Clear, consistent, and user-friendly, the updated edition of Physiology, by renowned physiology instructor Dr. Linda Costanzo, offers a comprehensive overview of core physiologic concepts at the organ system and cellular levels. It presents information in a short, simple, and focused manner, making it an ideal combination textbook and review guide for the USMLE Step 1. You'll grasp all the essential and relevant physiology knowledge you need for absolute success in school and on your exams! Build a strong understanding of the underlying principles of cellular physiology, the autonomic nervous system, and neurophysiology, as well as the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, acid-base, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive organ systems.{\textbackslash}Grasp physiology principles with absolute clarity through step-by-step explanations, easy-to-follow diagrams, and a full-color design, in addition to physiology equations and sample problems integrated throughout the text.Effortlessly study important points and reinforce your understanding of physiology with the help of chapter summaries and review questions. Access the entire contents online at Student Consult, including an image bank, 8 animations, "Ask the Author" section, and FAQs.Master the latest physiology concepts with expanded coverage on electrochemical driving forces across cell membranes; the cellular mechanisms in smooth muscle; second messengers (including JAK-Stat pathway); the effects of AII, PGs, NSAIDs on RPF, GFR, filtration fraction, and proximal reabsorption; and local reflexes involved in peristalsis.Reinforce your understanding of key content with the help of additional questions at the end of each chapter offered in an open-ended, problem-solving format.

Judith Mbau, Nyangito M, Gachene C. 2013. Land use and land cover changes analysis: Linking local communities to land use and land cover changes using participatory geographic information systems (PGIS).. Lambert Academic Publishers.; 2013. Abstract

Land use and land cover changes are important processes that influence the dynamics of human-wildlife conflicts. Effective management of human-wildlife conflicts requires the participation of local communities and other stakeholders. However, local communities need to identify and understand resource use change and their role in the process, so as to facilitate uptake of appropriate land resource management strategies aimed at counteracting human-wildlife conflicts. Approaches aimed at changing local community behavior towards natural resource use require appropriate technologies that bridge the technology and knowledge gaps between policy makers and local communities. PGIS was used to assess and educate local communities on land use and land cover changes as well as visualize the problems associated with resource changes. Local communities were found to be significantly knowledgeable about resource changes and their causes. PGIS compared well to conventional GIS analysis and therefore an appropriate technology for analysing and monitoring landuse and land cover changes.

M.M. O, C.M R. and Procedures in Project Planning and Management. Nairobi, Kenya; 2013.
Amolo M. BRP 314 N ew religious movement in Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
Amolo M. BRP 318 : History of Christianity. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
Kokwaro JO. Classification of East African Crops. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2013.University of Nairobi Press
Fanuel Mugwang'a Keheze, Karimi Mwangi Patrick, Walter N, WAITA SEBASTIAN. Copper Based Solar Cell Materials. London: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing ; 2013.
Gatumu JC. Counselling and sexually abused children’s academic performance. Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert academic publishing; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 204: Psychology of Ageing. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 302: Vocationa l Guidance, Module. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 309: Deviant Behaviour. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.

UoN Websites Search