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M. DRMWAENGODUFTON. "Gallardo C, Mwaengo DM, Macharia JM, Arias M, Taracha EA, Soler A, Okoth E, Mart.". In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTR. VIRUS GENES; 2009. Abstract
This is a generalization after my work on the projective space of dimension 4 to n.
Misigo D, Mwaengo D, Mburu D. "Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Kenyan human bocavirus isolates." J Infect Dev Ctries. 2014;8(2):221-7. Abstract

The commonly expected causative agents associated with flu-like symptoms in Kenya are the classical viral pathogens identifiable as influenza virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, enteroviruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus. However, newer agents have been identified globally that present with illnesses clinically indistinguishable from those caused by the classical pathogens; one of them is human bocavirus.

Mwaengo D, Lorenzo G, Iglesias J, Warigia M, Sang R, Bishop RP, Brun A. "Detection and identification of Rift Valley fever virus in mosquito vectors by quantitative real-time PCR." Virus Res.. 2012;169(1):137-43. Abstract

Diagnostic methods allowing for rapid identification of pathogens are crucial for controlling and preventing dissemination after disease outbreaks as well as for use in surveillance programs. For arboviruses, detection of the presence of virus in their arthropod hosts is important for monitoring of viral activity and quantitative information is useful for modeling of transmission dynamics. In this study, molecular detection of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in mosquito samples from the 2006 to 2007 East African outbreaks was performed using quantitative real-time PCR assay (qRT-PCR). Specific RVFV sequence-based primer/fluorogenic (TaqMan) probe sets were derived from the L and S RNA segments of the virus. Both primer-probe L and S segment-based combinations detected genomic RVFV sequences, with generally comparable levels of sensitivity. Viral loads from three mosquito species, Aedes mcintoshi, Aedes ochraceus and Mansonia uniformis were estimated and significant differences of between 5- and 1000-fold were detected between Ae. mcintoshi and M. uniformis using both the L and S primer-probe-based assays. The genetic relationships of the viral sequences in mosquito samples were established by partial M segment sequencing and assigned to the two previously described viral lineages defined by analysis of livestock isolates obtained during the 2006-2007 outbreak, confirming that similar viruses were present in both the vector and mammalian host. The data confirms the utility of qRT-PCR for identification and initial quantification of virus in mosquito samples during RVFV outbreaks.

Mwaengo DM, Lawrence PO. "A putative DNA helicase and novel oligoribonuclease in the Diachasmimorpha longicaudata entomopoxvirus (DlEPV).". 2003. Abstract

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata entomopoxvirus (DlEPV) is a symbiotic entomopoxvirus (EPV) of the parasitic wasp Diachasmimorpha longicaudata. It has a double-stranded DNA genome of 250-300 kb and is >60% A-T rich. We describe ten ORFs (RI-35-1 to -10) contained within a 5.64 kb clone, RI-35, from a DlEPV EcoRI genomic library. Our goal was to identify unique motifs and compare them with others in the database, particularly those of poxviruses. Two ORFs (RI-35-1 and RI-35-7, respectively) encode putative proteins (113 aa and 219 aa) that are probably involved in regulating gene expression based on their predicted nuclear localization and the presence of SPxx motifs, leucine-zipper like sequences (113 aa), and a basic domain (219 aa). The largest gene (RI-35-3) is under the control of an intermediate/late promoter and is presumed to encode a cytoplasmic 480 aa DNA-dependent DNA helicase with conserved motifs that are characteristic of DExH helicases. Amino acid analysis of the DNA helicase sequence showed that DlEPV is close to but distinct from the Genus B EPVs. The DlEPV helicase is also distinct from that of the Diadromus pulchellus ascovirus 1a from the D. pulchellus parasitic wasp, with less than 10% amino acid identity. DlEPV encodes a 207 aa oligoribonuclease (RI-35-8) of the DEDDh family of exoribonucleases. The second largest ORF (RI-35-9) is under the control of a poxvirus early promoter and encodes a protein of 329 aa that is likely DlEPV-specific. Three ORFs (RI-35-4, -5, and -6) overlap (in the anti-sense strand) with ORFs encoding putatively important virus replication proteins (which were also under the control of intermediate promoters) and are presumably not expressed in DlEPV. These results support earlier reports that DlEPV is a member of the sub-family Entomopoxvirinae, most likely in Group C, and is the first symbiotic EPV described to date from a parasitic wasp.

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