Kihurani, D.O. and Schusser, G. (2001): The use of Ultrasound in distinguishing complications of the Jugular vein arising from intravenous catheters and injections in horses. The Kenya Veterinarian, 21; 16-19.

Citation:
O. PROFKIHURANIDAVID. "Kihurani, D.O. and Schusser, G. (2001): The use of Ultrasound in distinguishing complications of the Jugular vein arising from intravenous catheters and injections in horses. The Kenya Veterinarian, 21; 16-19.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Kenya Camel Forum, Nanyuki, Laikipia district, 13th to 16th March, 2001, p. 46-47. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2001.

Abstract:

The ultrasound technique was used to provide both structural and functional information concerning the integrity of the jugular vein, following intravenous infusions and injections. These were performed in the routine administration of antibiotics and fluids for the treatment of horses, mainly suffering from colic. The complications noted during examination included peri-phlebitis, thrombo-phlebitis and peri-venous abscesses of varying sizes at the injection site, and sometimes affecting most of the jugular vein. The different lesions, which often could not be differentiated clinically, were clearly evident using ultrasonography. In addition, the integrity of the venous blood flow could be determined, particularly in cases of thrombo-phlebitis where partial or complete occlusion of the vein occurred. When noted early, using ultrasonography, exacerbation of the thrombus could be prevented by avoiding repeated intravenous injections or by the removal of indwelling catheters.

Notes:

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