Karimurio J, Kimani K, Gichuhi S, Marco S, Nyaga G, Wachira J, Ilako D. Eye disease and visual impairment in Kibera and Dagoreti Divisions of Nairobi, Kenya. East Afr. j. ophthalmol. 2008 May; 14(1): 42-50.

Citation:
JEFITHA DRKARIMURIO, KAHAKI DRKIMANI, STEPHEN DRGICHUHI, MARCO DRSHEILAAKINYI, R. DRILAKODUNERA. "Karimurio J, Kimani K, Gichuhi S, Marco S, Nyaga G, Wachira J, Ilako D. Eye disease and visual impairment in Kibera and Dagoreti Divisions of Nairobi, Kenya. East Afr. j. ophthalmol. 2008 May; 14(1): 42-50.". In: PMID: 20164797. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2008.

Abstract:

Objective: To determine the prevalence and pattern of eye diseases and visual<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

impairment in the Nairobi Comprehensive Eye Care Services (NCES) Project; the

catchment area of the Mbagathi District Eye Unit of Nairobi.

Design: Community based survey conducted from October 15th to 31st 2007

Setting: Kibera and Dagoreti divisions of Nairobi City

Subjects: 4200 people of all ages were randomly selected; 4056 were examined

(96.6% response rate). 122 (2.9%) were not available and 15 (0.4%) declined

to be examined.

Results: Females: 54.2%, Males: 45.8%. Mean age; 22.4 years, SD; 16.5. Only

241(5.9%) aged >50years old. The leading eye disorders in Kibera and Dagoretti

divisions are conjunctival disorders including allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctival

growths. This was found to affect 7.6% of the subjects. This was followed by

refractive errors found in 5.3% of the subjects. Cataract was found in 30 subjects

(0.7%). Disorders of the retina and the optic nerve were found in 1.1% of the

subjects and corneal disorders in 0.5%. The prevalence of visual impairment was

0.6%, severe visual impairment was 0.05% and blindness was 0.1%. This indicates

that most of the ocular disorders encountered were not visually threatening. The

main cause of visual impairment is refractive errors and the causes of severe visual

impairment and blindness are cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma.

Conclusion: The population of the NCES is relatively young and the prevalence of

blindness and visual impairment is low. The main cause of visual impairment was

refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness were

cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma.

Recommendations: The level of blindness in NCES is low and the project should

focus more on rendering eye care and not treatment of blindness. There is need to

address the issue of refractive errors as this was one of the main ocular problems

encountered. In this survey, it was not possible to perform detailed refraction and

hence it was recommend that a refractive error survey be conducted; especially

in school going children.

Notes:

n/a

Website

UoN Websites Search