Publications


2015

Njuguna, E, Ilovi CS, Mutai K, Kunithia J, Muiruri P.  2015.  Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among HIV Infected Women in Nairobi, Kenya. 5th International Workshop on HIV & Women. :21st-22ndFebruary2015.., Seattle, Washington: Virology Education

2013

Omonge, E, Otieno CF, Maritim M, Ilovi CS, Achieng L, Otedo A.  2013.  Unboosted atazanavir in treatment of HIV infection: Consideration of tolerability and safety while maintaining efficacy- Report of two cases. East African Medical Journal, Supplement . Vol 90.(12):79-82.
Omonge, E, Otieno CF, Maritim M, Ilovi CS, Achieng L, Otedo A.  2013.  Osteopenia and osteonecrosis in HIV infection: Report of two cases. East African Medical Journal, Supplement . Vol 90(12):75-78.
Ilovi, CS, Oyoo GO.  2013.  Characteristics of Systemic Sclerosis Patients in Nairobi. Africa Journal of Rheumatology. Vol 1(Jan 2013):23-27.characteristics_of_systemic_sclerosis_patients_in_nairobi_ csilovi.pdf

2012

Kamau, NG, Ilovi CS, Mutisya I, Mecha JO.  2012.  Partnership in Advanced Care and Treatment, Centres of Excellence: Perspective from a Centre of Excellence.. HIV Symposium . :21st&22ndJune2012., University of Nairobi : University of Maryland and University of Nairobi
Ilovi, CS, GN.Lule, Irimu H, Obel AO.  2012.  Correlation of WHO Clinical Staging with CD4 T cell counts in Adult HIV/AIDS patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya.. HIV Symposium . :21st&22ndJune2012., University of Nairobi : University of Maryland and University of Nairobi

2011

Ilovi, CS, Oyoo GO.  2011.  Characteristics of Systemic Sclerosis Patients in Nairobi . 6th African Conference on Rheumatology. :5th-7th2011., Algiers, Algeria: AFLAR
Ilovi, CS, GN.Lule, Irimu H, Obel A.  2011.  Correlation of WHO Clinical Staging with CD4 T cell counts in Adult HIV/AIDS patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya. . East African Medical Journal . Vol 88(No 2 (2011)):65-70.eamj_feb_2011-_csilovi_.pdf
Ilovi, CS, GN.Lule, Irimu H, Obel AO.  2011.  Correlation of WHO clinical staging with CD4 counts in adult HIV/AIDS patients at KNH. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of correlation between the WHO clinical staging and CD4 T cell counts in HIV / AIDS adults at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETIING: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. SUBJECTS: 152 newly diagnosed HIV patients were recruited prospectively. Patients were first staged using the 2005 WHO clinical staging and then blood drawn for CD4 count. RESULTS: The mean age in the study was 35 years, with females comprising 56.2% of the study group. The mean CD4 counts were 455, 420, 203 and 92 for WHO Stage 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. The sensitivity of the WHO clinical staging to predict CD4 counts of >350cells/lJl was 63% with a specificity of 82%. The commonest HIV clinical events were bacterial infections(33%), severe weight loss(28%) and tuberculosis(27%). CONCLUSIONS: There was correlation between the WHO clinical staging and expected CD4 T cell count. However, the sensitivity was low and missed over a third of the patients in need of HAART. Majority of the patients presented in severe disease in need of HAART at the onset of their HIV diagnosis with 107 (70.3%) of the patients with Stage 3 or 4 disease and 114 (75%) of patients with CD4 counts of <350 cells/pl. KEY WORDS: HIV, AIDS, CD4 counts, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi

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