Publications

Found 155 results

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2015
2014
JM K, CM M, JD M, J W. "A Retrospective Study of Canine Ehrlichiosis in Kenya." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3(33):122-124.mulei_c_2014_a_retrospective_study_of_canine_ehrlichiosis_in_kenya.pdf
HM M, CM M, P M F M. "Safeguarding livestock during drought disasters in Kenya can safeguard livelihoods and food security in affected regions." Safeguarding livestock during drought disasters in Kenya can safeguard livelihoods and food security in affected regions. 2014;IJFAND manuscript No. 14050.
2013
2012
JW A, J N-M, EM M, CM M. " Welfare of dairy cattle in smallholder (zero-grazing) production systems in Nairobi and it's environs. ." Livestock Prod. for Rural Development. 2012;24(9): .
JW A, TO A, JM K, AN K, CM M. "Clinical presentation, treatment and management of some rabbit conditions in Nairobi. ." Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr.. 2012;60::149-152 .
Aleri JW, Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mogoa EGM. "Welfare of dairy cattle in the smallholder (zero-grazing) production systems in Nairobi and its environs.". 2012. AbstractWebsite

Animal welfare is defined as the ability of an animal to interact comfortably with its environment through its physiological, psychological and behavioural systems. About 70% of dairy production in Kenya is from the smallholder production systems. These production systems are negatively impacted by a number of factors including poor nutrition, substandard husbandry and management practices, lack of appropriate farm inputs, diseases and low incomes. These factors influence the welfare of dairy cattle, hence their importance for its evaluation. This study was therefore designed with the following objectives: 1. to determine the welfare of dairy cattle in the smallholder production units in Nairobi and its environs, 2. to determine the risk factors contributing to poor welfare of dairy cattle in the smallholder production units, 3. to determine the indicators of poor welfare of dairy cattle in the smallholder production units, 4. to determine the farmers’ and stockmen’s perspectives of animal welfare. These objectives were achieved through a cross-sectional study carried out in 80 smallholder dairy units purposively selected in Nairobi and its environs, in which 306 dairy cows were examined. The welfare of cattle in these dairy units was evaluated through several methods which included: visual observations for animal- and farm-level factors that indicate poor welfare of cattle; taking measurements of dairy housing unit dimensions such as cubicle, walk-alley, kerb and feeding bunk; and using a structured questionnaire to interview farmers and stockmen on nutritional regimes and other management practices such as removal of slurry, milking techniques, record keeping and disease control. These factors were recorded and later analyzed. Analyses included descriptive statistics, and simple associations using chi-square at p< 0.05 significance level. Over 80% of these smallholder units had factors that contributed to poor welfare of dairy cattle. These factors included under-size cubicles, small walk-alleys, too high feeding bunks with traumatic edges, too low positioning of neck rails at the feed bunks, sharp objects and edges within the housing units and dilapidated housing structures. The main evidence of poor welfare was injuries on the animals. The body condition score (BCS) of the cows was the main indicator of welfare relating to feeding. Presence of injuries or scars on the skin at various parts of the body was considered a positive indicator of poor welfare either associated with housing structures, management practices or animal interactions. Other causes of poor welfare of the cows were hind-limb tying during milking, teat pulling during hand-milking, more than 24-hour delay before sick cows were treated, and mixing of cattle of different age-groups in the same compartment. Cow-human interaction was poor as evidenced by fearful response and long avoidance distance. This study concludes that poor welfare of dairy cattle exists in all the smallholder units evaluated, which is mainly caused by improper housing and management. Training of farmers and stockmen on animal welfare issues would therefore be a prerequisite to the improvement of dairy cattle welfare. Research on the physiological response to poor welfare of dairy cows in the smallholder units needs to be carried out to enhance the understanding of the impact of these risk factors on smallholder dairy animals.

2011
JW A, AN K, JD M, CM M, DN K. "Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to Babesiosis in a dog." . Res. J. Anim. Sci.. 2011; 5:14-16. Abstract

Abstract: A case of acute respiratory distress syndrome due to babesiosis is reported in a 5 years old male Japanese sptiz. The patient was noticed to have developed sudden dyspnoea. The main presenting clinical signs included laboured breathing, broad-base stance but preferred recumbency, pallour and seizures. Blood smears from the ear tips revealed presence of multiple Babesia parasites in the erythrocytes. Hematology results showed slight leucocytosis, severe anemia and thrombocytopenia. Additionally, urinalysis revealed renal pathology and presence of leucocytes in urine. Despite aggressive measures to stabilize the patient, it died within an hour. Autopsy results also confirmed Babesiosis with generalized icterus.

JW A, AN K, JD M, CM M, DN K. "Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to Babesiosis in a dog." Res. J. Anim. Sci.. 2011;5:14-16.
JW A, AG T, TO A, CM M. "Atypical Actinobacillosis in a cow. A case report. Bull." Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. . 2011;50:471-473.
JK M, DW G, JM M, PG K, CM M, fk N. "Ethnobotanical Study of anthelmintic and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok district, Kenya. ." Ethiopian Vet. J. . 2011;15(1):1-13.
JW A, HM M, CM M, JW G. "A retrospective Study of Reproductive Conditions in Bitches in Nairobi." The Kenya Vet. 2011;34::29-31.
Aleri JW, Thaiyah AG, Abuom TO, Mulei CM. "A typical actinobacillosis in an adult friesian cow.". 2011.
2010
GK G, JW A, Mbuthia P G, CM M. "). Causes of calf mortality in peri-urban area of Nairobi, Kenya." Trop. Anim. Health. Prod.. 2010;42:1643-1647 .
Gitau GK;, Aleri JW;, Mbuthia PG;, Mulei C. "Major causes of calf mortality in peri-urban area of Nairobi, Kenya."; 2010.
Aleri JW, Mutembei HM, Mulei CM, Gakombe JW;, MBUGUA SM. "A Retrospective Study of Reproductive Conditions in Bitches in Nairobi.". 2010. Abstract

A twenty year retrospective study was carried out in the Small Animal Clinic, University of Nairobi, Kenya and in a private Small Animal Clinic in Nairobi between the years 1988 to 2008. A total of 6548 bitches had been presented with reproductive problems. The cases were categorically grouped according to the type of infertility diagnosed. Non-infectious infertilities were sixty nine percent and infectious types were thirty one percent. Only two percent of the latter were confirmed in one clinic. 23.20 % of non-infectious infertility were managerial, 29.1% anatomical and 7.80% physiological types while 39.80 % were unclassified miscellaneous cases. The cases classified under infectious infertility consisted of; vaginitis/endometritis/metritis (36.3%), pyometra (25.3%), abortions (21.5%), vaginal discharges (11.7%) and miscarriages (5.1%). The incidence of infertilities was highly common in breeds of German shepherd (39%), Doberman (6%), Rottweiler (12%) and their crosses (43%). The percentage of the reproductive cases presented in both clinics had no statistical difference at (p<0.05). It was evident from the results of this study that infectious infertility exists among the bitches in Kenya and it would be beneficial to do further studies to establish the causative agents to avert any possible outbreaks of zoonotic diseases.

Aleri JW;, Mutembei HK;, Mulei CM;, Mbugua SM;, Gakombe JW. "Retrospective Study On Canine Infertility In Nairobi And Its Environs (2010)."; 2010.
2009
2008
2007
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU,(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wabacha J K, C.M. Mulei, N.P. Gitonga, M. J., Njenga, A.G. Thaiyah A.G, and J. Nduhiu (2007). Atypical dermatophilosis of sheep in Kenya.". In: J, S. Afr. vet. Ass. 78(3):178-181.; 2007.
2006
2005
2004
Mulei CM;, Nguhiu-Mwangi, Mbithi PMF;. Handbook of the Principles of General Veterinary Surgery.; 2004.Website
2002
Wabacha JK, Maribei JM, Mulei CM, Kyule MN, Zessin KH, Oluoch-Kosura W. "Sow Reproductive Performance And The Associated Herd- Level Factors In Small Holder Herds In A Peri-urban Area In Kenya.". 2002.
2001
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Ngatia, T.A., Mulei, C.M., Gathumbi, P.K. and Wabacha, J.K. (2001). Oedema disease of Swine. A toxaemia or an infection?". In: Bull. Anim. Prod. Hlth. Afr. 49:292-298.; 2001.
2000
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (2000). Micro organisms associated with non-functional mammary gland quarters in small scale dairy farms in Kenya.". In: Indian J. Anim. Sci. 70 (9) 897-898.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Ndegwa, E.N., Mulei, C.M. and Munyua, S.J.M. (2000). The prevalence of subclinical mastitis in dairy goats in Kenya.". In: J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 71 (1):25-27.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wabacha, J.K. and Mulei C.M. (2000). The economic impact of progressive atrophic rhinitis in grower-finisher pigs in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 48:189-191.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wandera, J.G. Kamau, J.A. Ngatia, T.A. Wamukoya, J.P.O. and Mulei, C.M. (2000). Bovine lymphosarcoma in Kenya.". In: The Kenya Vet. 20:67-69.; 2000.
1999
Mulei CM. "Teat lesions and their relationship to intramammary infections on small-scale dairy farms in Kiambu district in Kenya.". 1999. Abstract

Mammary gland quarters of 139 lactating dairy cows from small-scale dairy herds were examined visually and by palpation for teat lesions and by California mastitis test (CMT) and bacterial culture for subclinical mastitis. Teat lesions were observed in 97 teats. These included teat chaps (39.2%), teat papillomas (23.7%), teat erosions (22.7%), teat fistulae (5.1%), inverted teats (5.1%) and blocked teats (4.2%). According to the CMT, the prevalence of subclinical mastitis was 33.4% in all the mammary gland quarters, 71.0% in quarters with teat lesions and 24.5% in quarters without teat lesions. There was a significant (P < 0.01) association between teat lesions and the prevalence of subclinical mastitis. The mammary gland quarters with teat lesions were 7.2 times more likely to have a positive CMT (P < 0.01) and 5.6 times more likely to have bacterial organisms (P < 0.01) isolated from them than those without any teat lesions. The bacterial organisms most frequently isolated from the CMT-positive milk samples from both the mammary gland quarters with teat lesions and those without teat lesions were Staphylococcus aureus (50.0%), Streptococcus spp. (34.8%) and Arcanobacterium pyogenes (6.2%).

(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1999) Teat lesions and their relationship to intramammary infections in small scale dairy farms in Kenya.". In: . J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 70 (4):156-157.; 1999.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Ngatia, T.A. (1999). An unusual presentation of a suspected oedema disease of Swine in Kenya.". In: J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 70 (2): 100-101.; 1999.
1998
1995
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M., Gitau, G.K. and Mbuthia, P.G. (1995). Causes of calf mortality in Kabete area of Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: . Onderstepoort J. Vet. Research. 62 : 181-185.; 1995.
1994
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Maina, A.K. and Mulei, C.M. (1994). Mammary quarter infection rate in smallholder dairy farms in Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 42: 69-70.; 1994.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mbuthia, P.G., Karioki, D.I. and Mulei, C.M. (1994). Generalized Demodicosis in a zero-grazed Friesian heifer.". In: Vet. Parasit. 51: 337-343.; 1994.
1993
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Maina, A. K. and Mulei, C.M. (1993). The prevalence of udder and teat lesions in dairy cows in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 41: 161-162.; 1993.
1992
Njenga M;, Mulei CM. "Ostrich (Struthio camelus) farming in Namibia."; 1992.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mbuthia, P.G., Runyenje, P.E.N., Ngatia, T.A. and Mulei, C.M. (1992). Occurrence of poultry chemical poisoning in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 41: 45-50.; 1992.
1991
1990
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Daniel, R.C.W., Kerr, D.R. and Mulei, C.M. (1990). Occurrence and effects of subclinical hypocalcaemia in dairy cows.". In: Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production. 50: 261-263.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Blood chemistry changes during starvation and their possible relationship with growth rate in dairy heifers.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38: 331-334.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Micro-organisms associated with clinical mastitis in dairy cows in Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: . Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38: 331-334.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Relationship between plasma and erythrocyte magnesium concentrations in dairy cattle.". In: Metal Ions Biol. Med. 1: 168-171.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). The use of clinical pathology in the diagnosis of urinary tract diseases in animals.". In: The Kenya Vet. 14:7-9.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Daniel, R.C.W. (1990). Changes in plasma and erythrocyte sodium and potassium concentrations in dairy heifers during starvation.". In: Acta Veterinarian (Beograd), 40: (2-3) 59-64.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Daniel, R.C.W. (1990). The value of magnesium loading in detecting magnesium deficiency in young calves.". In: Indian J. Anim. Sci. 60 (2): 173-174.; 1990.
1989
"Congenital lymphoedema in an Ayrshire-Friesian crossbred female calf." Australian Vet. Journal. 1989;66(7):227-8.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1989). Evaluation of fertility of dairy cows using blood chemistry.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian, 13: 27-30.; 1989.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Atwell, R.B. (1989). A case of lymphoedema in a Friesian-Aryshire crossbreed female calf.". In: Aust. Vet. J. 66: 227-228.; 1989.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M., (1989). The effect of short fasting period on blood chemistry of dairy heifers.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian, 13: 31-32.; 1989.
1988
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Munyua, S.J.M. Urea poisoning in a commercial Jersey Herd.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 36: 279-280.; 1988.
1986

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