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IN Chege, Okalebo FA, A Nkatha Guantai, S Karanja, Derese S. "Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus by traditional medicine practitioners in Kenya-key informant interviews." The Pan African Medical Journa. 2015;22(90):1-12. Abstract

Abstract
Introduction: worldwide, plant based medicines are increasing in popularity due to perceptions of safety and efficacy. Herbalists in Kenya are widely consulted for the management of many diseases including Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). This study investigated the level of knowledge of the herbalists in management of T2DM.

Methods: purposive sampling was used to identify 4 herbalists working in the urban areas who actively manage T2DM. Key informant interviews were used to gather data about the management of T2DM. It was analyzed using a content thematic approach.

Results: diverse management methods which included both pharmacological and non- pharmacological were noted. Glycemic control was assessed with the help of a glucometer. In addition, presenting signs and symptoms were key in diagnosing T2DM. The herbalists used various herbs, minerals and animals as medicinal sources. The drugs were dispensed as decoctions with excipients being added appropriately. Adverse effects were recorded. The herbalists acknowledged that patients use both herbal and allopathic medicine together. A level of record keeping was observed but patient follow-up was poor. The cost of the herbal drugs was perceived to be excessive.

Conclusion: some similarities exist in the management of T2DM between allopathic and traditional medicine practitioners. Training of herbalists is required to improve the quality of care given to patients.

Chege IN, Okalebo FA, Guantai AN, Karanja S, Derese S. "Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Traditional Medicine Practitioners in Kenya- Key Informant Interviews." Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;22(90):doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.22.90.6485. Abstract2015_-_management_of_type_2_diabetes_mellitus.pdf

Introduction: Worldwide, plant based medicines are increasing in popularity due to perceptions of safety and efficacy. Herbalists in Kenya are widely consulted for the management of many diseases including Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). This study investigated the level of knowledge of the herbalists in management of T2DM.

Methods: Purposive sampling was used to identify 4 herbalists working in the urban areas who actively manage T2DM. Key informant interviews were used to gather data about the management of T2DM. It was analyzed using a content thematic approach.

Results: Diverse management methods which included both pharmacological and non- pharmacological were noted. Glycemic control was assessed with the help of a glucometer. In addition, presenting signs and symptoms were key in diagnosing T2DM. The herbalists used various herbs, minerals and animals as medicinal sources. The drugs were dispensed as decoctions with excipients being added appropriately.
Adverse effects were recorded. The herbalists acknowledged that patients use both herbal and allopathic medicine together. A level of record keeping was observed but patient follow-up was poor. The cost of the herbal drugs was perceived to be excessive.

Conclusion: Some similarities exist in the management of T2DM between allopathic and traditional medicine practitioners. Training of herbalists is required to improve the quality of care given to patients.

k Kaitany B, Mulaku MN, Amugune BK, Guantai EM. "Management of type 2 diabetes at Vihiga county referral hospital, Kenya: compliance with guidelines and prevalence of complications." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics . 2017;Vol. 6(No. 1 , February 2017 ).
Kaitany BK, Mulaku MN, Amugune BK, Guantai EM. "Management of Type 2 Diabetes at Vihiga County referral hospital, Kenya: compliance with guidelines and prevalence of complications." Afr. J. Pharmacol. Ther.. 2017;6(1):43-47.
Ouma B, Muthomi J, Nderitu J, Toroitich F. "Management of thrips in French bean by integrating biological and synthetic pesticides in conventional spray regimes." Journal of Renewable Agriculture. 2014;2(2):27-37.
Muthomi JW, Gachu SM, Narla RD, Nderitu JH. "Management of thrips in bulb onions using vegetable intercrops.". In: aGRO 2011 Inaugural Biennial Conference. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya; 2011.management_of_thrips_thrips_tabaci_in_bulb_onion_by_use_of_vegetable_intercrops.pdf
Muthomi JW;, Gachu SM;, Narla RD;, Nderitu J. "Management of thrips in bulb onions using vegetable intercrops."; 2011.
Muthomi JW;, Gachu SM;, Narla RD;, Nderitu J. "Management of thrips in bulb onions using vegetable intercrops."; 2011.
and Kasina J.M. and Nyamasyo, G.N; Waturu ACN, Nyamasyo GN;, and Waturu CN, Aura. "Management of thrips (Thysanoptera; Thripidae) in Kenya; Economics of Insecticide applications." J. Entomol. . 2008;5(3):48.
Nderitu J.H., Kasina, M.J., Nyamasyo G.N., C.N. W, J. A. "Management of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Tripidae) on French beans (Fabaceae) in Kenya:." Economics of insecticide Applications. Journ. Entomol. . 2008;5(3):148-155.
Gachu SM, Muthomi JW, Narla RD, Nderitu JH, Olubayo FM, Wagacha JM. "Management of thrips (Thrips tabaci) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops. International Journal of AgriScience 2(5): 393-402." International Journal of AgriScience. 2012; 2(5):393-402.gachu_thrips_paper.pdfWebsite
Gachu SM, Muthomi JW, Narla RD, Nderitu JH, Olubayo FM, Wagacha JM. "Management of thrips (Thrips tabaci) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops." International Journal of AgriScience . 2012;2(5):393-402.
Gachu SM, Muthomi JW, Narla RD, Nderitu JH, Olubayo FM, Wagacha JM. "Management of thrips (Thrips tabaci) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops.". 2012;2:599-607.
S.M.1 G, J.W.2 M, R.D.2 N, J.H.2 N, F.M.2 O, J.M.3 W. "Management of thrips (Thrips tabaci) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops." International Journal of AgriScience Vol. 2(5): 393-402, May 2012. 2012;2(5):393-402.management_of_thrips_in_bulb_onion_by_use_of_veg_intercrops.
Gachu. S. M., Muthomi JW,, Narla RD, Nderitu, J., FM O, Wagacha JM. "Management of thrips ( Thrips tabaci ) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops." International Journal of AgriScience . 2012; 2 (5):293-402.2012-management_of_thrips_in_bulb_onion_by_use_of_veg_intercrops.pdf
Nderitu, J., Evans W, Cheminingwa. Management of thrips. Nairobi; 2013.mgt_of_thrips119.pdf
OKELLO PROFODONGOWILLIAM, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Management of Technological Change: Kenya Case Study", with Rodrigues, A. J. and Scott, R. J. P.". In: Information Technology for Development vol.4, No.2, June 1989, pp. 399-471. VLIR; 1989.
OKELLO PROFODONGOWILLIAM, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Management of Technological Change: Kenya Case Study", with Rodrigues, A. J. and Scott, R. J. P.". In: Information Technology for Development vol.4, No.2, June 1989, pp. 399-471. MA thesis, Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1989. Abstract
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Japheth NR, Rukwaro PR, Wachira-Towey IN. "Management of Steel Reinforcement Works Procedures Impact on the Health of Workers in Building Construction Sites Case study of Nairobi County, Kenya." Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project management. 2021;Volume 5(1).
simon munayi Janet chumba. "Management of sports in kenyan public and private universities:emerging trends.". In: Laikipia university international conference.; 2018.
Wandiga SO, Otieno JT. Management of solid waste in Nairobi city..; 1999.
Muthomi J, Fulano AM, Wagacha JM, Mwang’ombe AW. "Management of Snap Bean Insect Pests and Diseases by Use of Antagonistic Fungi and Plant Extracts." Sustainable Agriculture Research. 2017;6(3):52.
Muthomi JW, Fulano AM, Wagacha JM, Mwang’ombe AW. "Management of Snap Bean Insect Pests and Diseases by Use of Antagonistic Fungi and Plant Extracts." Sustainable Agriculture Research. 2017;6(3):52-63.
B PROFOJWANGSHADRACK. "Management of shoulder dystocia. East Afr Med J. 1992 Jul;69(7):391-3.". In: East Afr Med J. 1992 Jul;69(7):391-3. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1992. Abstract
Shoulder dystocia is a rare obstetric emergency with which few clinicians have adequate experience. A case which was successfully managed is presented and current management procedures reviewed.
WANJIRA DRNJUGUNAPAMELA. "Management of severe falciparum malaria. Njuguna P, Newton C. J Postgrad Med. 2004 Jan-Mar;50(1):45-50.". In: J Postgrad Med. 2004 Jan-Mar;50(1):45-50. East African Medical Journal; 2004. Abstract
Plasmodium falciparum is the most common cause of severe and life-threatening malaria. Falciparum malaria causes over one million deaths every year. In Africa, a vast majority of these deaths occur in children under five years of age. The presentation of severe malaria varies with age and geographical distribution. The mortality rate is higher in adults than in children but African children develop neuro-cognitive sequelae following severe malaria more frequently. The management of severe malaria includes prompt administration of appropriate parenteral anti-malarial agents and early recognition and treatment of the complications. In children, the complications include metabolic acidosis (often caused by hypovolaemia), hypoglycaemia, hyperlacticacidaemia, severe anaemia, seizures and raised intracranial pressure. In adults, renal failure and pulmonary oedema are more common causes of death. In contrast, concomitant bacterial infections occur more frequently in children and are associated with mortality in children. Admission to critical or intensive care units may help reduce the mortality, and the frequency and severity of sequelae related to severe malaria.
Miano DW;, Kimenju JW;, Mutitu EW;, Waudo SW;, Samson JM. "Management of Root-knob Nematodes(meloidogyne ssp)using organic amendments."; 2004.
Miano DW;, Kimenju JW;, Mutitu EW;, Waudo, S.W; Samson JM. "Management of Root-knob Nematodes(meloidogyne ssp)using organic amendments."; 2004.
Miano DW;, Kimenju JW;, Mutitu EW;, Waudo SW;, Samson JM. "Management of Root-knob Nematodes(meloidogyne ssp)using organic amendments."; 2004.
Paul O. "Management of roads maintenance levy fund at Agency level in Kenya: A focus on challenges, prospects and policy.". In: 2013 COSTA RICA GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON BUSINESS 7 FIANANCE . COSTA RICA; 2013.
NJAMBI MSKINYUNGUALICE, WARUE MRSKARIUKICATHERINE. "The Management of Residential Property Under the Sectional Properties Act in Kenya .". In: African Journal of Ecology 46(1):22-29. uon press; 2001. Abstract
Over the last six years there has been a tremendous development of infrastructure projects in virtually all corners of Kenya. This has taken the form of Road Improvement Project, Water and sewerage improvement project and the Electricity Transmission Improvement Project as envisioned in the Kenya Vision 2030. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the principles of compulsory land acquisition and way leaves in the three sectors in Kenya by looking at the current legislative framework governing the entire process of acquisition. In considering the process, the paper explores the various provisions of the relevant act which governs the particular utility envisaged for improvement project component in the Kenya Vision 2030. A critical evaluation of the procedures adopted is outlined in each case and the general public apprehensions towards such acquisitions. The second part of the paper focuses on suggestions on the choice of valuation methodology in making claims for compensation for land for various infrastructure projects in Kenya. This is borne out of the fact that there appear to be very little standardization in the methods adopted by the various bodies. The paper cites several cases under the Electricity Transmission Improvement Project where a large proportion of way leaves are dealt with at local level, with little consistency. Coupled to this is the public concern that electricity lines have potentially serious health effects that continue to attract research and media interest. The paper concludes with a description of the various cases on how to improve compensation paid to those affected by compulsory acquisition in cases of land and way leaves.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Management Of Records And Information As Part Of Learner Support Systems Paper Presented At a Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru.". In: Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru. au-ibar; 2003. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN, others. "Management of puff adder (Bitis arietans) snake bite and envenomation in dogs: case report." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3:160-162. Abstract
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Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. "Management of Puff Adder (Bitis Arietans) Snake Bite and Envenomation in Dogs: Case Report." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3(3):160-162.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. Management of puff adder (Bitis Arietans) snake bite and envenomation in dogs: case report. University of Nairobi; 2014.
Mwangi  WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. "Management of Puff Adder (Bitis Arietans) Snake Bite and Envenomation in Dogs: A Case Report.". 2014.
R DROWITIFREDRICK. "Management of psychiatric disorders in Kenya (1963-1996)Owiti FR. East Afr Med J. 1996 Oct;73(10):629-30.". In: East Afr Med J. 1996 Oct;73(10):629-30. University of Nairobi; 1996. Abstract
United States International University-Africa, Nairobi, Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of substance use among an undergraduate population in a Kenyan university. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey, cluster sampling of classrooms, self-administered questionnaires. SETTING: Private international university in Nairobi province, Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred fifty eight undergraduate students of both sexes, age range 16-50 and mean age (S.E) of 21.1 +/- 0.2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported use of psychoactive substances. RESULTS: Percentages of lifetime prevalence rates of commonly used substances were tobacco, 54.7%; alcohol, 84.2%; cannabis, 19.7% and inhalants, 7.2%. The corresponding "past use" and "current use" rates were relatively lower but followed the same pattern. The percentage rates were significantly higher in males than females (p < 0.005). Rates for regular use (> 20 days/month) were higher for tobacco (24.7%) than alcohol (11.5%). The lifetime prevalence rates of other drugs (heroin, cocaine, mandrax, amphetamines and LSD) were low (< 5%), while modest rates were recorded for tranquilizers (10.8%), local brews (13.6%) and cough mixtures (35.1%). Less than 20% of respondents initiated substance use in lower primary school, while more than 50% started using in upper primary and secondary school and 11% to 25% started using substances at university. CONCLUSION: Substances most commonly used by respondents studied were of the licit variety (alcohol and tobacco). The rate of use of the two substances is rather high. The use of illicit drugs seems to be growing and may soon escalate to alarming levels. The findings suggest an urgent need to gather more data, which can be used to guide formulation of health promotion and prevention programmes.
Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH;, Olubayo FM;, Kabira JN;, Cheminin’wa GN;, Kiretai SM;, Aura JA;, Muindi EM. "Management Of Potato Viruses In Seed Potato Production Using Border Crops."; 2013. Abstract

Field experiments were conducted over two croppi ng seasons to investigate the effectiveness of border crops in managing potato aphids and the associated viruses in seed potato production. Potato plots were surrounded with maize, sorghum and wheat borde rs. Aphid population was monitored on leaves and on yellow sticky traps. Other data collected included virus disease incidence and tuber yield. The border crops reduced aphid popula tion on leaves compared to non-bordered potato plots. More alate aphids we re caught on yellow sticky traps placed inside potato plots than on traps placed inside the border crops. In addition, virus disease incidence was reduced in all plots surrounded by the border cr ops. However, plots surrounded by border crops had reduced tuber yield, although the yield of s eed grade was increased. The results indicated that use of border crops would be beneficial in the management of virus diseases in small-holder seed potato production.

Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH;, Olubayo FM;, Kabira JN;, Cheminin’wa GN;, Kiretai SM;, Aura JA;, Muindi EM. "Management Of Potato Viruses In Seed Potato Production Using Border Crops."; 2013. Abstract

Field experiments were conducted over two croppi ng seasons to investigate the effectiveness of border crops in managing potato aphids and the associated viruses in seed potato production. Potato plots were surrounded with maize, sorghum and wheat borde rs. Aphid population was monitored on leaves and on yellow sticky traps. Other data collected included virus disease incidence and tuber yield. The border crops reduced aphid popula tion on leaves compared to non-bordered potato plots. More alate aphids we re caught on yellow sticky traps placed inside potato plots than on traps placed inside the border crops. In addition, virus disease incidence was reduced in all plots surrounded by the border cr ops. However, plots surrounded by border crops had reduced tuber yield, although the yield of s eed grade was increased. The results indicated that use of border crops would be beneficial in the management of virus diseases in small-holder seed potato production.

Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH;, Olubayo FM;, Kabira JN;, Cheminin’wa GN;, Kiretai SM;, Aura JA;, Muindi EM. "Management Of Potato Viruses In Seed Potato Production Using Border Crops."; 2013. Abstract

Field experiments were conducted over two croppi ng seasons to investigate the effectiveness of border crops in managing potato aphids and the associated viruses in seed potato production. Potato plots were surrounded with maize, sorghum and wheat borde rs. Aphid population was monitored on leaves and on yellow sticky traps. Other data collected included virus disease incidence and tuber yield. The border crops reduced aphid popula tion on leaves compared to non-bordered potato plots. More alate aphids we re caught on yellow sticky traps placed inside potato plots than on traps placed inside the border crops. In addition, virus disease incidence was reduced in all plots surrounded by the border cr ops. However, plots surrounded by border crops had reduced tuber yield, although the yield of s eed grade was increased. The results indicated that use of border crops would be beneficial in the management of virus diseases in small-holder seed potato production.

Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH;, Olubayo FM;, Kabira JN;, Cheminin’wa GN;, Kiretai SM;, Aura JA;, Muindi EM. "Management Of Potato Viruses In Seed Potato Production Using Border Crops."; 2013. Abstract

Field experiments were conducted over two croppi ng seasons to investigate the effectiveness of border crops in managing potato aphids and the associated viruses in seed potato production. Potato plots were surrounded with maize, sorghum and wheat borde rs. Aphid population was monitored on leaves and on yellow sticky traps. Other data collected included virus disease incidence and tuber yield. The border crops reduced aphid popula tion on leaves compared to non-bordered potato plots. More alate aphids we re caught on yellow sticky traps placed inside potato plots than on traps placed inside the border crops. In addition, virus disease incidence was reduced in all plots surrounded by the border cr ops. However, plots surrounded by border crops had reduced tuber yield, although the yield of s eed grade was increased. The results indicated that use of border crops would be beneficial in the management of virus diseases in small-holder seed potato production.

Mulinde E;, Muthomi JW;, Olubayo FM, Nderitu JH;, Kabira. "Management of potato viruses in seed potato production using border crops.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi,. Nairobi; 2008.management_of_potato_viruses.pdf
E M, E.G. W. "Management of Periodontal Diseases.". In: Oral Health Care for Socially Disadvantaged Communities. New York: Nova Sciences Publishers, inc.; 2013.
ONDOH MRNYABOLALAMBERT. "Management of Patients with Breast Cancer at Kenyatta hospital. EastAfrican Medical Journal,.". In: East Afr Med J. 2004 Sep;81(9):450-8. UoN; 2002. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinico-pathologic and prognostic factors, treatment and outcome of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas as seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital in the 1990s. DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients with non-Hodgkin's Iymphoma. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, between January 1990 and January 2000 inclusive. SUBJECTS: Patients aged 13 years and above, with non-Hodgkin's Iymphomas. RESULTS: Case records were available for 207 patients, 146 males and 60 females, with one having had gender not clarified. Fifty two per cent of the patients were aged less than 40 years and 18.4% over 60 years. Forty one per cent were not properly classified histologically, seventy patients out of 190 evaluable (36.8%) had stages IVA and IVB disease at diagnosis. Twenty five out of 77(32.5%) tested positive for HIV infection, none of them being of the indolent variety. Up to 57.1% of cases of Burkitt's lymphoma tested positive for HIV infection. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone, (CHOP) chemotherapy was given to 68.7% of the patients with complete remission rates of 55.6% for those who got a minimum of six courses of chemotherapy. Only 15.3% of 105 patients evaluable were followed up for 36 months and above, the majority of patients having been lost to follow-up. Poor performance status at diagnosis correlated with shorter follow-up durations (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: A good percentage of the patients were not comprehensively characterized pathologically. Standard treatment was offered to the majority of patients, and those who could afford to purchase the medicines stood good chance of achieving complete remission. Poor performance status at diagnosis correlated with shorter follow-up durations and early stage disease correlated with longer follow-up durations. Overall, the outlook for NHLs treated at KNH in the 1990s appears to have improved tremendously.

EM N. "Management of Orbital Retinoblastoma; Kenyatta National Hospital experience.". In: The 2nd Colllege Of E Ophthalmologistsof Eastern, Southeren and Central Africa COECSA confere. Livingstone, Zambia; 2014. Abstractorbital_retinoblastoma_2.ppt

Approximately 30-40% of retinoblastoma patients Sub-Saharan Africa have orbital disease at presentation. This presents the ophthalmologist with several challenges among them if to do a primary excentaration or not, if to aim at cure or palliation and which adjuvant therapy to give. At Kenyatta National Hospital, Protocol based management of retinoblastoma developed by the Kenya National Retinoblastoma society has been used to manage these cases with promising success in terms of survival and cosmesis. All retinoblastoma cases with orbital disease are evaluated for distant metastases and if free, then aim to cure treatment started with Chemoreduction. After the proptosis reduces, enucleation with primary orbital implant is done. Chemotherapy is then continued to a total of six courses then radiotherapy upto 40 Grays.

Guthua SW, Kamau MW, ABINYA N, Khainga S. "Management of Maxillofacial Osteosarcomas: A Kenyan experience (case series)." Annuals of African Surgery Journal. 2019.
Guthua SW, Kamau M, ABINYA N. "Management of Maxillofacial of Osteosarcomas in Kenya: A case Series." The Annals of African Surgery. 2020;17 (1).
S P, Simiyu BN, JY S, K T, FI W, KG DL, GES D, LV I. "Management of Mandibular Lateral Incisors with Vertucci Type II Canal Configuration." Journal of the Endodontic Society of the Philippines . 2018;11:19-23.
Kega VM, Kasina M, Olubayo F, Nderitu JH. "Management of Maliarpha separatellA Rag Using Effective Entomopathognic Nematodes and Resitant Rice Cultivars." Journal of Entomology. 2013:1-7.
Magoha GAO. "The Management of male erectile dysfunction: A review. .". In: East African Medical Journal, 75: 623-627, 1998. EAMJ; 1998. Abstract

Male erectile dysfunction is common although some patients are embarrassed and delay seeking medical advice. Recent improvements in the understanding of the anatomy, physiology and pharmacotherapy of penile erections, and the introduction of intracavernosal pharmacotherapy has resolved most of the controversies regarding the aetiology of erectile dysfunction. Impotence is equally divided into organic and psychogenic causes. Arterial insufficiency, alcoholism, venosinusoidal, neurological and endocrine disorders are known to cause organic erectile dysfunction. Two most popular options in the management of erectile dysfunction are intracavernosal injections with vasoactive drugs like papavarine, phentolamine, and prostaglandin EI with discontinuation rates of 40-50%, and the use of external vacuum devices whose limitations include failure to achieve and maintain full erection. The use of inflatable penile prostheses is successful but limited with periprosthetic infection and cylinder erosion through the skin or urethra. Surgical procedures have included revascularisation of penile vessels without good results. Surgical ligation of penile veins for venosinusoidal incompetence has been successful compared to excision and embolisation which has disappointing results. Currently the role of oral medications in the treatment of erectile dysfunction is limited. However, there are now several new agents including sildenafil, a phosphodiasterase inhibitor, which is undergoing clinical trials that appear to be effective.

Bloom DC, Perkins JA, Manning SC. "Management of lymphatic malformations." Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery. 2004;12:500-504. AbstractWebsite
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OTIENO DRJOWI. "Management of Instructional Resource in Teacher Colleges.". In: A paper presented in Ministry of Education Workshop for Principals of Teacher Colleges on Teacher Education Management. The Kenya Medical Association; Submitted. Abstract
Quality of health education during STD case management in Nairobi was assessed in 142 healthcare facilities, through interviews of 165 providers, observation of 441 STD patients managed by these providers, and 165 visits of simulated patients. For observations, scores were high for education on contact treatment (74-80%) and compliance (83%), but unsatisfactory for counselling (52%) and condom promotion (20-41%). The World Health Organization (WHO) indicator for STD case management Prevention Indicator 7 (PI7) (condom promotion plus contact treatment) was poor (38%). Public clinics strengthened for STD care generally performed best, whereas pharmacies and mission clinics performed worst. Compared with observations, scores were higher during interviews and lower during simulated patient visits, indicating that knowledge was not fully translated into practice. Interventions to improve the presently unsatisfactory service quality would be wide distribution of health education materials, ongoing training and supervision of providers, implementation of STD management checklists, and the introduction of pre-packaged kits for STD management.
Schmeltz LR. "Management of inpatient hyperglycemia." Lab Medicine. 2011;42:427-434. AbstractWebsite
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C.K. M. "Management of infectious diseases in closed and semi closed communities." East Cent. Afri. J. Pharm. Sci.. 2011;14(1):1-2.
Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Murphy MB, Barrett EJ, Kreisberg RA, Malone JI, Wall BM. "Management of hyperglycemic crises in patients with diabetes." Diabetes Care. 2001;24:131-153. Abstract
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NZUVE SNM. Management of Human Resources: A Kenyan Perspective, Revised Edition. Nairobi: Basic Modern Management Consultants; 2010.
KIRTDA DRACHARYAS. "Management of hepatocellular carcinoma: many ways to skin a cat. Trop Gastroenterol. 1999 Apr-Jun;20(2):59-60.". In: Trop Gastroenterol. 1999 Apr-Jun;20(2):59-60. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1999. Abstract
Acute hepatic failure (AHF) in India almost always presents with encephalopathy within 4 weeks of the onset of acute hepatitis. Further subclassification of AHF into hyperacute, acute and subacute forms may not be necessary in this geographical area, where the rapidity of onset of encephalopathy does not seem to influence survival. Viral hepatitis is the cause in approximately 95-100% of patients, who therefore constitute a more homogeneous population than AHF patients in the West. In India, hepatitis E (HEV) and hepatitis B (HBV) viruses are the most important causes of AHF; approximately 60% of cases are caused by to these viruses. Hepatitis B virus core mutants are very important agents in cases where hepatitis B results in AHF in this country. Half of the patients with AHF admitted to our centre are female, one-quarter of whom are pregnant. Therefore, pregnant females who contract viral hepatitis constitute a high-risk group for the development of AHF. However, the outcome of AHF in this group is similar to that in non-pregnant women and men. No association with any particular virus has been identified among sporadic cases of AHF. In our centre, approximately one-third of AHF patients survive with aggressive conservative therapy, whereas two-thirds of deaths occur within 72 h of hospitalization. Cerebral oedema and sepsis are the major fatal complications. Both fungal and gram-negative bacteria are major causes of sepsis. Among patients with AHF, despite the presence of sepsis, its overt clinical features (i.e. fever, leucocytosis) may be absent and objective documentation of the presence of sepsis in such patients is achieved by repeated culture of various body fluids. It should be possible to develop simple, clinical prognostic markers for AHF in this geographical region, in order to identify patients suitable for liver transplantation.
Nkonge AN, Magambo JK, Kithinji J, Mayabi AO, Taratisio N. "Management of healthcare waste in national teaching and referral hospitals in Kenya." International Journal of Environment and Waste Management. 2014;14(2):199-209. AbstractWebsite

Abstract

Healthcare waste management in health facilities should include quantification of all categories to support minimisation strategies. The hazardous healthcare waste categories under study, infectious, pathological, sharps and chemical waste were weighed in the two teaching and referral institutions, Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and Moi Teaching Hospital (MTRH) during the wet and dry season. The comparison for the two hospitals, during the wet season was significant for infectious waste (0.0001) but not so for pathological waste (p = 0.7393) and sharps waste (p = 0.3363). During the dry season, coefficient of variation for the two hospitals was significantly different, infectious waste (p = 0.0027) and pathological waste (p = 0.0086). Sharps waste was not significant (p = 0.3615). The studied hazardous healthcare waste generation rate was 0.61 kg/bed/day for KNH and 1.03 kg/bed/day for MTRH. The two institutions should practice healthcare waste minimisation and segregate their waste accurately.
Keywordshealthcare waste, segregation in categories, quantification, referral hospitals

Jani PG. "The management of Haemorrhoids – A local experience." East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 2005;(10):24.
Magoha GAO, Jani GP. "Management of Haemorrhoids." Journal of Discovery and Innovation . 2005;18(3):269-274. Abstract

Management of Haemorrhoids – A local experirnce; East and Central African Journal of Surgery, submitted for publication. To be published in their December 2005 issue.

PATRICIA PROFKAMERMBOTEI. "The Management of Generic Resources: Developments in the 1997 Sessions of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agricultre, Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law & Policy 1997 Yearbook p. 78 (With Philippe Cullet).". In: journal. Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine; 1998. Abstract
Antibody responses to a conventional rabies preexposure regimen of a new purified Vero cell rabies vaccine (PVRV) and a human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV) were compared in 80 healthy Kenyan veterinary students. Forty-three of the students received the PVRV and 37 received the HDCV on days 0, 7, and 28. Antibody responses were monitored using the rapid fluorescent-focus inhibition test (RFFIT) and an inhibition enzyme immunoassay (INH EIA) on days 0, 7, 28, and 49. Both vaccines elicited a rapid antibody response. A good correlation between the RFFIT titers and the INH EIA titers was obtained (r = 0.90). Our results also showed that the INH EIA was more reproducible and might therefore be a suitable substitute for the more expensive and less reproducible RFFIT. The geometric mean titers determined by both tests in the two groups of students were statistically similar during the test period. The RFFIT and the INH EIA gave comparable geometric mean titers, which differed significantly only on day 28 in the PVRV group. The effect of the new PVRV is comparable to that of the more expensive HDCV, as determined by the present test systems. The PVRV could therefore be the vaccine of choice, especially in tropical rabies-endemic areas, where the high cost of the HDCV has confined its use to a privileged few.
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Management of Future Cities (2000) A paper presented ;it he AAK 2000 Convention. Safari Park I Intel. 21-29 June 2000.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 2000. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

and Riungu G. M., J. W. Muthomi NWGRDJM. "Management of Fusarium head blight of wheat and deoxynivalenol accumulation using antagonistic microorganisms." Plant Pathology Journal . 2008;7(1):13-19.
Riungu GM, Muthomi JW, Narla RD, Wagacha JM, Gathumbi JK. "Management of Fusarium head blight of wheat and deoxynivalenol accumulation using antagonistic microorganisms." Plant Pathology Journal. 2008;7:13-19.
Magoha GAO. "Management of Fournier's gangrene at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi.". In: East Afr Med J. 1998 Jun;75(6):370-3. EAMJ; 1998. Abstract

A prospective study involving the management of forty six patients with Fournier's gangrene was carried out at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi over a period of two years. The age range was nine to 81 years with a mean of 40.27 years indicating that the lesion is common and affects all age groups in this locality. The majority of patients (60.86%) presented with advanced lesions involving scrotal ulcers (45.65%) and gangrene (15.22%). Results of bacterial culture from scrotal wound swabs isolated multiple organisms in 8.15% of the patients, a point which should be taken into consideration during antibiotic selection. Forty one patients (89.13%) had surgical procedures in addition to antibiotics and other supportive measures. Five other patients (10.87%) who presented with early lesions had medical treatment only with antibiotics, antipyretics and analgesics. The average duration of hospitalisation was sixteen days. Two patients (4.35%) one of whom was HIV positive died from septicaemia during the study period. Recurrent scrotal infection occurred in two patients (4.35%) after discharge from the hospital and were treated satisfactorily at the surgical outpatient clinic.

Magoha GAO. "The Management of Early Prostate Cancer: A Review." East African Medical Journal. 2007;Vol 84 (No. 9). Abstract

Objective: To carry out a review of the management of early (clinically localised) prostate cancer.
Data Source: Review of all published literature on the management of early prostate cancer was carried out through medline and index medic us searches.
Data Selection: Published data of the management of early prostate cancer over the last three decades were included in the review.
Data Extraction: Abstracts of articles identified were assessed, read and analysed to determine their relevance to the title under review.
Data Synthesis: After establishing relevance from the abstract, the entire paper was read, and the significant points included in the review.
Conclusion: Greater number of men are currently being diagnosed with early prostate cancer. This is due to widespread use of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) screening available worldwide. Radical treatment including radical prostatectomy and radical radiation therapy have proven curative value for a significant number of men with localised disease. Survival outcomes indicate that radical prostatectomy offers more reliable cure than radiation therapy for clinically localised disease.

Immediate treatment related morbidity of radical prostatectomy and radiation therapy is currently quite low. Both treatment methods have similar impact on erectile function and continence. Rectal complications are however unique to radiation therapy. Surgical and radiation therapy delivery techniques should be further improved to reduce treatment related morbidity and quality of life outcomes.

Bore M. "Management of dry eye disease in clinical practice.". In: Ophthalmological Society of Kenya Congress. Naivasha, Kenya; 2019.
MUTAVE DRJAMESREGINA. "Management of Dental Waste by Practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya.". In: African Journal of oral Health Volume 2 Numbers 1 & 2 2005: 24-29. Osamong LA, Gathece LW, Kisumbi BK, Mutave RJ; 2005. Abstract
ABSTRACTObjective: Dental wastes are material that has been utilized in dental clinics, which are no longerwanted for use and therefore discarded. Improper disposal of these dental wastes can cause harmto the dentist, the people in immediate vicinity of the dentist, waste handlers and general publicand the environment through production of toxins or as by products of the destruction process.This study aims to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practice on management of dentalwastes among dental practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya.Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study of 70 dental practitioners practicing in Nairobi,Kenya.Results: A total of 50 dental practitioners were included in the study. Majority had graduatedbetween 1991-1995. 47.5% had only a bachelors degree, 25% had masters 7.5% had PhD and12.5% had postgraduate diploma. Forty five percent of the respondents indicated they haveattended training on management of dental waste while 89.5% had been attending continuousdental education. Forty-two percent of the respondents worked in public institution while the restwere in private practice. Only 48.7% of the practitioners were aware of the existence of wastemanagement guidelines. Only 64% felt it was important to follow the set guidelines, 5% thought itwas tedious, 2% said they were not practical and the rest were not interested in the guidelines.Eighty-two percent of the respondents said that amalgam was toxic if disposed improperly withonly 10.7% indicating pollution to be a consequence of improper disposal of amalgam. Seventysevenpercent of the respondents did not know the hazardous effects of improper disposal ofamalgam. Only half of the respondents stored waste amalgam under water, 25% said they did notknow how to dispose amalgam. All (100%) knew about occurrence of cross-infection withimproper disposal of bloody waste but only 56.1% said they incinerated bloody body waste while24.4% disposed off bloody waste with general waste 35.7% of the respondents indicated thatsharps were hazardous if improperly disposed. Only 52.4% incinerated their pathological wasted.On expired drugs, 7.3% disposed them off as part of general wastes.Conclusion: There is need for continuous professional development on waste management amongdentists in Kenya.
Osamong LA, Gathece LW, Kisumbi BK, Mutave RJ. "Management of dental waste by practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya." African Journal of Oral Health. 2005;2. Abstract
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Osamong LA, Gathece LW, Kisumbi BK, Mutave RJ. "Management of dental waste by practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya." African journal of oral health. 2005;2. Abstract
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Osamong LA, Gathece LW, Kisumbi BK, Mutave RJ. "Management of dental waste by practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya." African journal of oral health. 2005;2. Abstract
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W. DRGATHECELOICE. "management of Dental waste by dental practitioners in Nairobi, Kenya. L.A. Osamong, L. W. Gathece, B. K. Kisumbi, R. J. Mutave.". In: journal. L.A. Osamong, L. W. Gathece, B. K. Kisumbi, R. J. Mutave; 2004. Abstract

Department of Periodontology/ Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676 - 00202, Nairobi, Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of oral hygiene habits and practices on the risk of developing oral leukoplakia. DESIGN: Case control study. SETTING: Githongo sublocation in Meru District. SUBJECTS: Eighty five cases and 141 controls identified in a house-to-house screening. RESULTS: The relative risk (RR) of oral leukoplakia increased gradually across the various brushing frequencies from the reference RR of 1.0 in those who brushed three times a day, to 7.6 in the "don't brush" group. The trend of increase was statistically significant (X2 for Trend : p = 0.001). The use of chewing stick as compared to conventional tooth brush had no significant influence on RR of oral leukoplakia. Non-users of toothpastes had a significantly higher risk of oral leukoplakia than users (RR = 1.8; 95% confidence levels (CI) = 1.4-2.5). Among tobacco smokers, the RR increased from 4.6 in those who brushed to 7.3 in those who did not brush. Among non-smokers, the RR of oral leukoplakia in those who did not brush (1.8) compared to those who brushed was also statistically significant (95% CL = 1.6-3.8). CONCLUSION: Failure to brush teeth and none use of toothpastes are significantly associated with the development of oral leukoplakia, while the choice of brushing tools between conventional toothbrush and chewing stick is not. In addition, failure to brush teeth appeared to potentiate the effect of smoking tobacco in the development of oral leukoplakia. Recommendations: Oral health education, instruction and motivation for the improvement of oral hygiene habits and practices; and therefore oral hygiene status, should be among the strategies used in oral leukoplakia preventive and control programmes.

Burezq H, Williams B, Chitte SA. "Management of cystic hygromas: 30 year experience." Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2006;17:815-818. AbstractWebsite
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T.M. D. "Management of Curved root Canal Systems: irrigation and preparation." Kenya Dental Association. 2014;6(1):248.
Bore M. "Management of complications of cosmetic iris implants in phakic eyes: a case report and literature review.". In: Ophthalmological Society of Kenya Congress. Naivasha, Kenya; 2019.
Bore M, Choudhari N, Chaurasia S. "Management of complications of cosmetic iris implants in a phakic eye: a case report and literature review." Int Ophthalmol. 2019;39(5):1141-1146. Abstract

To report the intricacies of managing complications that arose out of cosmetic iris implants (BrightOcular) placement.

D.W. Gakuya, D.Muasya. "Management of clinical mastitis in dairy cows.". In: Kenya Veterinary Association-SEVET branch,CPD scientific seminar . PCEA Nyamacaki Church hall, Nyeri ; 2014.management_of_clinical_mastitis.pdf
O. PROFMAGOHAGEORGEA. "Management of carcinoma of the penis: A review. East African Medical Journal, 72: 547-550, 1995.". In: East African Medical Journal, 72: 547-550, 1995. EAMJ; 1995. Abstract

Partial penectomy is effective in the treatment of T1 and T2 penile carcinoma with 80% five-year survival rates in the absence of inguinal metastases, and the residual stump is serviceable for upright micturition and sexual function. The use of micrographic surgery first introduced by Mohs in 1941 for small distally located lesions of upto one centimetre diametre achieves results comparable to partial penectomy. Carbon dioxide and Neodymium-Yag lasers have also been used in the treatment of T1 and T2 tumours with 89% five year survival rates. Radiotherapy is also ideal for the treatment of T1 and T2 primary penile carcinoma because failure is corrected with salvage partial penectomy. In T3 disease with extensive local growth total penectomy and removal of scrotal contents followed by perineal reconstruction with scrotal flap is associated with 90% five year survival rates. In advanced T4 tumours with fixed inguinal nodes (N3), hemipelvectomy or hemicorporectomy with combination cytotoxic chemotherapy is considered in selected cases. Various cytotoxic agents like bleomycin, vincristine and methotrexate have been used in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy with mixed results. Pre operative radiotherapy is useful in the treatment of patients with metastatic groin lymph nodes of greater than or equal to 4 cm in size. Radiotherapy also provides effective palliation in patients with advanced regional and/or distant metastases. Groin block dissection is commonly performed to treat groin node metastasis and to stage nodal disease in patients with clinically negative groins. The procedure is however associated with significant morbidity resulting in complications such as wound infection and skin necrosis leading to wound breakdown and lymphoedema.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Magoha GAO. "Management of carcinoma of the penis: A review. ." East African Medical Journal,. 1995;72:547-550. Abstract

Partial penectomy is effective in the treatment of T1 and T2 penile carcinoma with 80% five-year survival rates in the absence of inguinal metastases, and the residual stump is serviceable for upright micturition and sexual function. The use of micrographic surgery first introduced by Mohs in 1941 for small distally located lesions of upto one centimetre diametre achieves results comparable to partial penectomy. Carbon dioxide and Neodymium-Yag lasers have also been used in the treatment of T1 and T2 tumours with 89% five year survival rates. Radiotherapy is also ideal for the treatment of T1 and T2 primary penile carcinoma because failure is corrected with salvage partial penectomy. In T3 disease with extensive local growth total penectomy and removal of scrotal contents followed by perineal reconstruction with scrotal flap is associated with 90% five year survival rates. In advanced T4 tumours with fixed inguinal nodes (N3), hemipelvectomy or hemicorporectomy with combination cytotoxic chemotherapy is considered in selected cases. Various cytotoxic agents like bleomycin, vincristine and methotrexate have been used in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy with mixed results. Pre operative radiotherapy is useful in the treatment of patients with metastatic groin lymph nodes of greater than or equal to 4 cm in size. Radiotherapy also provides effective palliation in patients with advanced regional and/or distant metastases. Groin block dissection is commonly performed to treat groin node metastasis and to stage nodal disease in patients with clinically negative groins. The procedure is however associated with significant morbidity resulting in complications such as wound infection and skin necrosis leading to wound breakdown and lymphoedema.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DM L, SM G, P C, HM A, JM K. "Management of bovine papilomatosis using autogenous vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College Western Kenya.". In: Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 8th Biennal and 46th Annual Conference of the Kenya Veterinary Association . Safari Park Nairobi; 2012.
Lubembe DM, Githigia SM, Chogo P, Athumani HM, Kitaa JM. "Management of bovine papillomatosis using an Autogenous Vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College, Western Kenya.". In: Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 8th Biennial and 46th Annual Scientific Conference of the Kenya Veterinary Association. Safaripark Hotel, Nairobi Kenya; 2012.
Lubembe DM, Githigia SM, Chogo P, Athumani HM, Kitaa JM. "Management of Bovine Papillomatosis using an Autogenous Vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College, Western Kenya." Kenya Veterinarian. 2014;38:43-44. Abstract
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Nderitu, J., and Buruchara RA, Ampofo JKO. "Management of bean root rots and bean stem maggot in the African Highlands. AHI Coordinating office, ICRAF,.". In: : KARI Scientific Conference. Nairobi,; 1997.
Olubayo; F, Kibaru; A, Nderitu; J, Njeru; R, and SS, Kasina M. "Management of aphids and aphid-transmitted viruses in stored potatoes in Kenya." Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. . 2008;5(3):40-45.management_of_aphids_and_aphid-transmitted_viruses_in_stored_potatoes_in_kenya..pdf
KD O, F N, M N. "Management of anterior abdominal wall defect using a pedicled tensor fascia lata: A case report." Case reports in medicine. 2012;2012doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.(doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.):doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.
Kibet S, Nantongo P. "Management of agropastoral production systems.". In: Mainstreaming ecosystem services and biodiversity into agricultural production and management in East Africa. Rome: FAO; 2016.
Kibet S, Nantongo P. "Management of agropastoral production systems.". In: Mainstreaming ecosystem services and biodiversity into agricultural production and management in East Africa. Rome: FAO; 2016.
Kinoti SN, Maggwa AB, Turkish J, Wasunna A. "Management of acute childhood diarrhoea with oral rehydration therapy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya." East Afr Med J. 1985;62(1):5-11.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract

 

 

Makhanu N, Simiyu NB, Luna KDG, Alcorta PP. "Management of a Combined Endodontic-Periodontal Lesion: A Case Report." Endodontic Society of the Philippines journal . 2019;12(1):11-16.
PROF. NTIBA MICHENIJ. "Management issues in Lake Victoria watershed.". In: Lakes & Reservoirs: Res. Mangt. 6: 211-216. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
AOSA E. "'Management Involvement, Training and Company Effectiveness in an African Context'',.". In: Journal of African Finance and Economic Development 1(2). Fall. Kisipan, M.L.; 1992. Abstract

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Sakaja Y. "Management Information System Study Module.". In: Study Modules. University of Nairobi Press, Nairobi; 2016.
AOSA E. "'Management in Africa: Contextual Factors and their Influence''.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Management, Volume 1. Kisipan, M.L.; 1996. Abstract

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P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "management for Development: Priority Themes in Africa Today (Nairobi: Oxford Unicweairy press1987 Co-editor and Contributor.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1987. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
NZUVE SNM. Management Decision - Making: The Debate About Workers Participation. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 1985.
MEROKA PROFMBECHEISAAC, Mwadali D. "Management by Projects: Factors which affect the Performance of Project Managers in a developing country.". In: Discovery and Innovation, Vol. 9 no. 3,. IBIMA Publishing; 1997. Abstract

Many organizations in Kenya have adopted and tried to implement the total quality management (TQM) programmes. Many of these firms have failed to achieve the expected results for various reasons. This study examines how TQM implementation is influenced by leadership in a large organization. The result show that control systems, involvement of employees in decision making and the provision of a conducive psychological environment are quiet difficult to provide for by the leadership in a large organization. It is suggested that creating smaller organization and/or autonomous Divisions of firm will help to address these challenges.

MEROKA PROFMBECHEISAAC, Mwadali D. "Management by Projects .". In: Project Management in the Construction Industry for Eastern Africa Region. Machakos, Kenya: IBIMA Publishing; 1996. Abstract

a paper presented to the Conference on Project Management in the Construction Industry for Eastern Africa Region, 20th - 23rd November, 1996, Machakos, Kenya.

Evans W, Nderitu, J., Cheminingwa. management bean pests. Nairobi; 2015.mgt_of_snap_beans_pests.pdf
Magoha GAO. "Management and survival in advanced prostate cancer in Nairobi." East Afr Med J.. 2000;77(5):260-3. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management and survival of patients with advanced prostate cancer in this locality. DESIGN: A prospective case study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Referral Hospital and the Nairobi and Mater Hospitals. PATIENTS: Fifty nine patients with advanced cancer of prostate (extra prostatic locally advanced and metastatic cancer). RESULTS: Transperineal trucut needle biopsies of the prostate revealed 15 patients (25.42%) had poorly differentiated cancers with Gleasons scores greater than 7. Fifteen patients (25.42%) had moderately differentiated cancers with Gleason scores of 6; and twenty nine other patients (49.2%) had well differentiated cancers with Gleason scores of 4 and below. Surgical castration was effected on 15 patients four of whom also had 50 mg of oral bicalutamide (casodex) daily. Thirty six patients were treated with subcutaneous goserelin (zoladex) depot 3.6 mg every 28 days. Ten of these patients also had 50 mg oral casodex daily in addition to the zoladex. Three patients in this group also had external radiotherapy for severe bone pains. Only eight patients were treated with oral diethylstilboestrol 3 mg daily. All the 15 patients with undifferentiated cancers died within 12 months. Of the 22 patients surviving at 48 months irrespective of the method of treatment, 20 of them had well differentiated cancers with Gleasons scores of 4 or less. CONCLUSION: Survival in the undifferentiated and poorly differentiated prostrate cancer Gleasons grades 4 and 5 with a score of over 7 is poor irrespective of the mode of treatment as all the patients in this group were dead within 12 months of diagnosis. Twenty patients (90.90%) of the surviving patients at 48 months had well differentiated cancers Gleasons grades 1 and 2 with scores of 4 or less indicating better prognosis for these tumours which are known to be slow growing with a much longer tumour doubling time.

East Afr Med J. 2000 May;77(5):260-3.

Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae, Shalo P. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety,. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Okumu MO, Patel MN, Bhogayata FR, Ochola FO, Olweny IA, Onono JO, Gikunju JK. "Management and cost of snakebite injuries at a teaching and referral hospital in Western Kenya." F1000Res. 2019;8:1588.
Aduda, J, Ndaita SB. "Management Accounting changes and Practices adopted by Large Manufacturing Companies in Nairobi, Kenya." The Operations Research Society of Eastern African Journal,. 2013;3(2).
KIIRU PROFMUCHUGUDH. "The Man Who Fears the Plague Is not Safe from It.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Literature 5 (March 2007): 68-78. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2007. Abstract

This essay looks at Somali oral poetry, using poetry now committed to writing primarily from B. W. Andrzejewski and I. M. Lewis

Maloiy GMO;, Macfarlane WV;, Shkolnik A. Mammalian herbivores.; 1979.Website
Otieno SP, Ng'ang'a E. Mami Baba/Fafa. Githinji K, ed. Talent Empire Kenya; 2011.
Rayya. "Mama Mkwe.". In: Kopo la Uji na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2011.
Rayya T. Mama Mkwe.; 2012.Website
J PROFMULAAFRANCIS. "Maltohexaose production by a recombinant Bacillus halodurans α-amylase:.". In: enhanced yields by in situ product removal (manuscript). Springerlink; 2004. Abstract
Proteins isolated from the midgut of Glossina pallidipes were used to immunize rabbits and their efficacy as vaccine candidate(s) against the fly, and their potential to block transmission of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense assessed. Two fractions, detergent (DET) and aqueous (AQ) fractions were separated using a non-ionic detergent (Triton X-114) and a series of bioassay experiments carried out using serum obtained from rabbits immunized with either of the two fractions. The mortality rates of tsetse flies fed on serum from rabbits immunized with DET and AQ was 56 and 35%, respectively, as compared to 20% mortality in controls. The DET antigen(s) caused considerably higher mortality (chi(2)=1.194, P<0.05) than that on controls. These findings suggest that midgut proteins contain antigens that are lethal to tsetse flies, and are potential candidates for the development of anti-tsetse vaccine. When flies fed on serum derived from DET immunized rabbits were fed on T. b. rhodesiense infected blood, only 20% of them picked the infection. Very few flies (20%) fed on serum derived from DET immunized rabbits had infection of T. b. rhodesiense. In the control flies 45% of them had infection in the midgut with a higher and actively motile parasite load. Assessment of fecundity indicated significantly higher (chi(2)=2.117, P<0.05) larviposition for the control flies when compared to the AQ group of flies (chi(2)=1.054, P<0.05). Significant differences in abortions and pupal weights were also observed. These results suggest that midgut proteins contain antigens with potential for use in development of vaccine to block transmission of trypanosomes through tsetse.
O. PROFNDINYA-ACHOLAJ. "Malonza IM, Tyndall MW, Ndinya-Achola JO, Maclean I, Omar S, MacDonald KS, Perriens J, Orle K, Plummer FA, Ronald AR, Moses S.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of single-dose ciprofloxacin versus erythromycin for the treatment of chancr.". In: J Infect Dis. 1999 Dec;180(6):1886-93.Click here to read. IBIMA Publishing; 1999. Abstract
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in Nairobi, Kenya, to compare single-dose ciprofloxacin with a 7-day course of erythromycin for the treatment of chancroid. In all, 208 men and 37 women presenting with genital ulcers clinically compatible with chancroid were enrolled. Ulcer etiology was determined using culture techniques for chancroid, serology for syphilis, and a multiplex polymerase chain reaction for chancroid, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus (HSV). Ulcer etiology was 31% unmixed chancroid, 23% unmixed syphilis, 16% unmixed HSV, 15% mixed etiology, and 15% unknown. For 111 participants with chancroid, cure rates were 92% with ciprofloxacin and 91% with erythromycin. For all study participants, the treatment failure rate was 15%, mostly related to ulcer etiologies of HSV infection or syphilis, and treatment failure was 3 times more frequent in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects than in others, mostly owing to HSV infection. Ciprofloxacin is an effective single-dose treatment for chancroid, but current recommendations for empiric therapy of genital ulcers may result in high treatment failure due to HSV infection.
O. PROFNDINYA-ACHOLAJ. "Malonza IM, Omari MA, Bwayo JJ, Mwatha AK, Mutere AN, Murage EM, Ndinya-Achola JOCommunity-acquired bacterial infections and their susceptibility in Nairobi EAMJ 74: 166-70, 1977.". In: EAMJ 74: 166-70, 1977. IBIMA Publishing; 1977. Abstract
To monitor clinically significant isolates and their antimicrobial susceptibilities, all specimens sent to microbiology laboratory of the Kenyatta National Hospital were cultured on appropriate media. The susceptibility of the isolates was performed on Muller Hinton or diagnostic sensitivity test (DST) agar using comparative discs diffusion technique. The results were then entered into Microbe Base 2 computer programme. A total of 7416 clinically significant isolates were collected from 1991 to 1995. The most commonly isolated organisms were E.coli, Klebsiella and Staphylococcus aureus. Most of these hospital acquired infections had multiple resistance to conventional antimicrobials, namely, penicillin, tetracyclines, gentamicin, trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole and ampicillin. The resistance pattern was high among both gram negative and positive bacteria isolates. Beta-lactamase production amongst them were 51%, 69.3%, 79.6% respectively. Prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was 39.8%. Addition of clavulanic acid to amoxycillin increased Staphylococcus aureus susceptibility three fold. The emergence of multiple drug resistance calls for a continuous monitoring and reviewing of antibiotic policy in the hospital and the country at large.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY,G.M.O. and BOARER, C.D.H.(1971) The response of the Somali donkey to dehydration: hematologicalchanges. American Journal of Physiology 221, 37-41.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Maloiy, G.M.O., Warui, C.N. and Clemens, E.T. (1987). Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the Kori bustard and secretary bird. Zoo Biology 6.243-251.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1987.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., WARUI, C.N. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1987) Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the kori bustard and secretary bird. Zoo Biology 6, 242-251.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1987. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., TAYLOR C.R. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1978) A comparison of gastrointestinal water content and osmolarity in EastAfrican herbivores during hydration and dehydration. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Cambridge 91, 249-254.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1978. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and ROWE, M.F. (2004).Heart rate and energy expenditure during rest and exercise in the domestic donkey and one-humped camel. Abstract:.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 2004. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and CLEMENS, E.T. (2000) Nitrogen metabolism and renal function in the dik-dik antelope(Rhynchotragus kirkii). Small Ruminant Research 37, 243-248.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 2000. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1988) The physiology of the dik-dik antelope. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 90A, 1-8.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1988. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., MACFARLENE, W.V. and SHKOLNIK, A. (1979) Osmoregulation in mammalian herbivores. In: Comparative Physiology of Osmoregulation in Animals, Vol.2, Academic Press, (ed.G.M.O. MALOIY), pp. 185-209.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., LYKKEBOE, G., JOHANSEN, K. and BAMFORD, O.S.(1978) Osmoregulation in Tilapia grahami: a fish in extreme alkalinity. In: Comparative Physiology of Water, Ions and Fluid Mechanics. (Eds.) K.Schmidt-Nielsen, L. Bolis and S.H.P. Madrell, Cambr.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1978. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., KAY, R.N.B., GOODALL, E.D. and TOPPS, J.H.(1970) Digestion and nitrogen metabolism in sheep and red deer given low amounts of water and proteins. British Journal of Nutrition 24, 843-855.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1970. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., KAMAU, J.M.Z., SHKOLNIK, A., MEIR, M. and ARIELI, R.(1982) Thermoregulation and metabolism in a small desert carnivore: the fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). Journal of Zoology London 198, 279-292.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., HEGLUND, N.C., PRAGER, L.M., CAVAGNA, G.A. and TAYLOR, C.R.(1986) Energetic cost of carrying loads. Have African women discovered an economic way? Nature London 319, 668-669.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1986. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., CLEMENS, E.T. and KAMAU, J.M.Z. (1982) Aspects of digestion and in vitro rumen fermentation rate in six species of East African wild ruminants. Journal of Zoology London 197, 245-253.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., ALEXANDER R. McN., NJAU R. and JAYES, A.S.(1979) Allometry of the legs of running birds. Journal of Zoology London 187, 161-167.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1996) C. Richard Taylor: an appreciation. The People.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1996. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1993) The factors that affect the numbers and population of large African mammals: is man the culprit? In: Human Impacts on Self-Recruiting Populations, ed. SUNDNES, G., Third International Kongsvoll Symposium, Tapir Press, Trondheim, Norwa.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1993) John Magero Ole Musuni Tiampati (1936-1993) an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1990) In memorium: The Hon. Joseph A. Murumbi. The Weekly Review No.790, 13 July 1990.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1990. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Richard Maitland Laws, CBE, PhD, FRS, Dedication. Symposium London Zoological Society 61, v-viii.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Professor Kaare Julian Lindqvist: gone is a scientist and humanist. The Daily Nation.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Professor Kaare Julian Lindqvist, D.V.M., M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCPath (1929-1989): an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1987) Dr. Igor Mann, D.V.M. (1906-1987): an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1987. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Studies in Comparative Physiology, D.Sc. Thesis, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Olpayian Kitok S.S. Ole Pasha: Maasai Senior Chief (1904-1985):an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Adaptation of pastoral Turkana nomads to the desert heat and aridity. National Geographic Society Research Reports 18, 501-504.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1982) Physiology and ecology of the topi antelope in Masai Mara Game Reserve, Kenya. National Geographic Research Reports 13, 419-429.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1982) Elephant. In: The World Book Encyclopaedia, Vol. 6, pp. 178-180.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1977) Mechanism of urine dilution and concentrations in some East African desert herbivores. Proceedings International Congress of Physiological Sciences 12, 75A.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1977. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1974) Digestion and renal function in East African goats and haired sheep. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 40, 177-188.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1974. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1974) A behavioural approach to a dry life. New Scientist 61, 119.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1974. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973). Water metabolism in East African ruminants in arid and semi-arid regions. Z. Tiezuchtg. Zuchtgsbiol 90, 219-228.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973) The water metabolism of a small East African antelope: the dik dik. Proceedings Royal Society of London B 184, 167-178.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973) The effect of dehydration and heat stress on intake and digestion of food in the Somali donkey. Environmental Physiology and Biochemistry 3(1), 36-39.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Renal salt and water excretion in the camel (Camelus dromedarius). Symposium London Zoological Society 31, 243-259.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Preface. Symposium London Zoological Society 31, ix-x.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, Dedication. Symposium. London Zoological Society 31, xxv.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Desert survival. Africana 4(II), 14-15.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Comparative studies on digestion and fermentation rate in the forestomach of the one-humped camel and the zebu steer. Research in Veterinary Science 13, 476-481.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1971) Temperature regulation in the Somali donkey (Equus asinus).Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 39A, 403-412.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1971) Renal salt and water excretion in the one-humped camel. Proceedings of International Congress of Physiological Sciences 9, 363.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1970) Water economy of the Somali donkey. American Journal of Physiology 219, 1522-1527.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1970. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and TAYLOR, C.R.(1971) Water requirements of African goats and haired sheep. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 77, 203-208.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and SCOTT, D.(1969) Renal excretion of urea and electrolytes in sheep and red deer.Journal of Physiology London 205, 91-101.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1969. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and RUGANGAZI, B.M.(1993) Energetics of locomotion in a large desert ungulate: the one-humped camel. Proceedings IFS Workshop on Animal Production, eds. NYEKO,J.H.P. and OCEN, G.W., Kampala, Uganda, pp. 128-137.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and KAY. R.N.B.(1971) A comparison of digestion in red deer and sheep under controlled conditions. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology 56, 356-366.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and HOPCRAFT, D.(1971) Thermoregulation and water relations in two East African antelopes:the hartebeest and impala. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 33A, 403-412.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.

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