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Origa JO, Muchemi, L., Muthoni DM, Mutahi IW, Gunga SO. "The Implications of Collaborative Industrial Attachments for Kenya Vision 2030 Development Programmes." African Journal of Education and Technology Volume . 2013;3(1):57-67.Website
Mogaka VM;, Mbatia OLE;, Nzuma J. " → College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (CAVS) → View Item Feasibility of Biofuel Production in Kenya: The Case of Jatropha."; 2012. Abstract

This paper evaluates the potential of Jatropha curcas Linnaeus (Jatropha) as an alternative source of energy for rural households. The plant is said to have potential to diversify rural incomes, reclaim unproductive lands, reduce importation of fossil fuels, and consequently accumulation of green house gases in the atmosphere. A cost benefit analysis was employed to evaluate the feasibility of producing Jatropha as a biodiesel feedstock in relation to other crops in Kwale district. An IRR of 11 percent, BCR of 0.62 and a NPV of (28267.56) showed that production of Jatropha is not feasible at the moment. However we conclude that the plant has a potential to achieve its intended purpose if there is coordination in research and development along the Jatropha value chain and if technical and financial support is accorded to actors at the production level of the chain.

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Muthami KM, Onyambu CK, Odhiambo AO, Muriithi IM, Byakika TK. " Correlation of magnetic resonance imaging findings with arthroscopy in the evaluation of rotator cuff pathology." East African Orthopaedic Journal. 2014;8(2):52-59.
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Oyoo GO, Muia B, Otino FO, Ganda B, Otieno CF, Moots CF. " Occurrence of crystal arthropathy in patients presenting with synovitis in Nairobi." African Journal of Rheumatology. 2014;2(2):75-77. Abstract

Background: Crystal arthropathies represent a heterogeneous group of skeletal (musculo-skeletal) diseases associated with the deposition of mineralized material within joints and periarticular soft tissues. Gout is the most common and pathogenetically best understood crystal arthropathy, followed by basic calcium phosphate and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition diseases, and, in very rare cases, calcium oxalate crystal arthropathy. In Kenya there are no studies to demonstrate the prevalence of these diseases. This study endeavored to describe the different types of crystals seen in patients with synovitis in Nairobi from 1st January 2012 to 31st January 2014.
Objective: To describe different types of crystals seen in patients with synovitis in Nairobi.
Design: Descriptive prospective cross sectional study.
Results: There were 260 samples received from patients with synovitis. Of them, 61 (23.5%) were from males while 199 (76.5%) were from females. The age range of the patients was from 14 – 110 years. The mean, median and mode were 59.6, 60 and 55 years respectively. Majority of the patients were in the 51-60 years age category. Most of the patients recruited had no crystals (n=211; 81.2%)
diagnosed, with 14.2%(n=37) having uric acid crystals and 4.6 % (n=12) having CPPD crystals. For the patients who had uric acid crystals (n=37), when gender was cross tabulated against microscopy, males (n=32; 86.5%) were noted to have more uric acid crystals than females (n=5;
13.5%). Among patients diagnosed with CPPD (n=12), there were more females (n=9; 75%) patients compared to males (n=3; 25%). From the total population recruited (n=260), when age range categories were cross tabulated against microscopy, the age ranges 41-50 (n=9; 3.5%) 51-60 (n=12; 4.6%), and 61-70 (n=6; 2.3%) were noted to have more uric acid crystals than any other age category recruited. Patients in the age category 61-70 (n=6; 50 %) had more CPPD crystal detections than any other age category from the patients recruited.
Conclusion: Crystal arthropathy is a major cause of synovitis in patients seen in Nairobi.

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Opanga SA, Mulaku MN, Okalebo FA, Mwang’ombe NJ, Kuria KAM. " Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis and Grading of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for Neurosurgical Site Infections." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics . 2017;Vol. 6(No. 1 , February 2017 ):Pages 1-13.
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Musonye MM. A close Shave (New Progressive English 7J) . Nairobi: 0xford University Press; 2009.
Akinkunle O, Stefan J, Ndetei D, Musau A, Mutiso V, Mudenge C, Ngirababyeyi A, Gasovia A, Mamah D. " A comparative study of psychotic and effective symptoms in Rwandan and Kenyan students.". 2016.
Araka E, Oboko R, Maina E, Gitonga RK. " A Conceptual Educational Data Mining Model for Supporting Self-Regulated Learning in Online Learning Environments." https://www.igi-global.com/. 2021:15. Abstract

Self-regulated learning is attracting tremendous researches from various communities such as information communication technology. Recent studies have greatly contributed to the domain knowledge that the use self-regulatory skills enhance academic performance. Despite these developments in SRL, our understanding on the tools and instruments to measure SRL in online learning environments is limited as the use of traditional tools developed for face-to-face classroom settings are still used to measure SRL on e-learning systems. Modern learning management systems (LMS) allow storage of datasets on student activities. Subsequently, it is now possible to use Educational Data Mining to extract learner patterns which can be used to support SRL. This chapter discusses the current tools for measuring and promoting SRL on e-learning platforms and a conceptual model grounded on educational data mining for implementation as a solution to promoting SRL strategies.

C BK, M.F O. " A Critical Review of Literature on Employment Selection Tests." Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies. 2021;2021(9):451-469.
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Mutuku MW, Brianna R Beechler, Ibrahim N Mwangi, Otiato FO, Horace Ochanda B. " A Search for Snail-Related Answers to Explain Differences in Response of Schistosoma mansoni to Praziquantel Treatment among Responding and Persistent Hotspot Villages along the Kenyan Shore of Lake Victoria." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2019:tpmd190089.
Kamunya SM, Oboko RO, Maina EM, Miriti EK. " A Systematic Review of Gamification Within E-Learning." igi-global.com. 2021:18. AbstractWebsite

The focus of this study was to review and evaluate the effectiveness of gamification within e-learning platforms. The study deployed systematic literature review methodology to evaluate how effective gamification has been used within e-learning platforms. The study used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Approach (PRISMA), starting with 366 articles, shifting to a final 34 articles for consideration. It was established that gamification positively influences and enhances learning within the e-learning platform. Therefore, the study recommends policy makers, designers, and implementers of e-learning platforms to consider incorporating gamification elements in order to increase user motivation and engagement for enhanced learning.

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Odira HO, Mitema SO, Mapenay IM, Moriasi GA. " Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, and Cytotoxic Effects of The Phytexponent: A Polyherbal Formulation. ." Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine. 2022;27:25.
Arimi SM;, Koroti E;, Kang'ethe EK;, Omore AO;, McDermott JJ;, Macharia JK;, Nduhiu JG;, Githua AM. " Arimi, S.M; Koroti, E; Kang'ethe, E.K; Omore, A.O; McDermott, J.J; Macharia, J.K; Nduhiu, J.G; Githua, A.M ."; 2000. Abstract

E. coli 0157:H7 is a newly recognised bacterial zoonosis that originates from the gut of infected cattle. It causes potentially fatal haemorrhagic enteritis, haemolytic uraemic syndrome and kidney damage in humans. Epidemiological data on E. coli 0157:H7 infection and transmission in developing countries remain scarce but it is suspected that consumption of unpasteurised milk is an important vehicle for its transmission to humans, as milk can easily be contaminated with cattle faeces during milking. Given the high proportion of informal sales of unpasteurized milk in many tropical countries, E. coli 0157:H7 has been one of several zoonoses of concern. Between January 1999 and January 2000, survey data and raw milk samples were collected seasonally from households consuming unpasteurised milk in rural and urban locations in central Kenya. Respondents were randomly selected within production system (extensive and intensive) and human population density (urban, peri-urban and rural) strata. Laboratory samples were assessed for bacteriological quality by total and coliform counts. Selective media were used sequentially to screen for faecal coliforms and E. coli 0157:H7. Suspect E. coli 0157:H7 colonies were also serotyped and tested for production of verocytotoxins. E. coli was recovered from 91 out of 264 samples (34%) and E. coli 0157:H7 serotype identified in two samples (<1%). One of the two isolates produced verocytotoxins. As in many studies, the recovery rate of this serotype was low, but the finding is significant from a public health perspective. Our consumer studies have shown that over 95% of consumers of unpasteurised milk boil the milk before consumption and potential health risks from this zoonosis are therefore quite low. As informal milk markets without pasteurisation technology are likely to remain dominant for the foreseeable future, there is the need to further emphasise the importance of boiling raw milk before consumption, especially among pastoral communities where this practice is not common

Uwizeyimana, D., Karuku NG, Mureithi MS, Kironchi, G. " Assessing the potential of surface runoff generated from a conserved catchment under drought prone agro-ecological zone in Rwanda." Journal of Hydrologeology & Hydrologic Engineering. 2018;7 (1):1-9.
Mutuku M, Ombui JN, Onyuka A. " Assessment of Coffee Pulp as a Potential Source of Tannins for Leather Processing." Textile & Leather Review;. 2022;5:132-146.
Gathumbi JK, Kanja LW, Maitho TE, Mbaria JM, Nduhiu JG, Gitau FK, Ndiritu JG, Lucy MM, Maloba K. " Assessment of lead and copper in fish and soil sediments in Kirinyaga South District, Kenya." Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation . 2013;8(3):145-150.
E KJ, Frederick OCF, M KE, Violet O-H, Kenn M. "The Burden of Co-morbid Depression in Ambulatory Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya." International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research. 2016;3(1). AbstractThe Burden of Co-morbid Depression in Ambulatory Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya

Background:
Co-morbid depression is a serious condition in patients with diabetes that negatively affects their self-management, including drug adherence, consequently, the treatment outcomes and quality of life are also affected.
Objective:
To determine the burden of co-morbid depression in ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and to document their socio-demographic and
clinical characteristics and any associated risk factors.
Methods:
This was a cross-sectional study done on patients living with type-2 diabetes on follow-up at the diabetes out-patient clinic (DOPC) at the KNH. Systematic sampling method was used to recruit 220 study subjects. The PHQ-9 questionnaire was used to assess for co-morbid depression. Socio-demographic and clinical details were obtained both from the subjects and their medical records. Physical examination was done, including blood pressure and BMI determined. Blood samples were collected from the cubital fossa to measure HbA1C in COBAS INTEGRA system with its reagent in the pre-dilution cuvette for automated analysis of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Statistical associations of patients’ characteristics and co-morbid depression were determined using Chi-square test and Odds Ratios.
Results:
The prevalence of co-morbid depression in patients with type 2 diabetes at the DOPC of KNH using the PHQ-9 was
32.3% (95% CI 26.4-38.6%). Of these, depression was mild in 42.3%,moderate in 40.8% and severe in 16%. Subjects with co- morbid depression were: aged 65years and above (p = 0.006), over-weight/obese (p = 0.035), and had longer duration of diabetes of 5years and above. The presence of co-morbid depression was significantly associated with poor glycaemic control, (OR = 3.3,
95% CI, 1.6 - 6.8, p = 0.001).
Conclusion:
About one-third (32.3%) of the study subjects with type 2 diabetes had co-morbid depression. Patients with type 2 diabetes who are at higher risk (older age of 65 years and above, long duration of diabetes, poor glycaemic control and presence of diabetes-related complications,) should be screened for co-morbid

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Munyoki JM. " Consumer Challenges in the 21st century, Professional Management. ICPSK Journal.". University of Nairobi; 1999. Abstract

Department of Medical Physiology, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Finding a simple and easily reproducible formula for assessing fitness and growth for human body has been one constant search over the ages. It was the aim of this project to try and add to this search. Most formulae in this field have complex calculations. Most of them have been derived using single system measurements. To delineate our factor, multisystem measurements were used; metric and imperial. This yielded a factor for describing the relationship between weight and height over the ages. The height is in inches and weight in kilograms. This produced factors (D) and (G) which have childhood, adolescent, adult and old age values. A total of 368 black Kenyans were studied. The age range was 3-85 years.

NW N, J N-M, AN K, M O, C M, T C, MJ O, JM O, S K. " Culture of Kenyan Goat (Capra hircus) Undifferentiated Spermatogonia in Feeder-Free Conditions." Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022;9.
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MUNYAO ML, S.Nyamwange, G. Wayoike. " Design for Environment: A survey of Mobile Phone handsets Disposal in Kenya.". In: Paper Presented in The 5th International Operations Research of Eastern Africa Conference, White Sands Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 16th . EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.; 2006. Abstract

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The research sought to find out the extent to which mobile phone users were aware about safe disposal of mobile phones. In addition the research went ahead to establish the avenues available to mobile phone manufacturers and users in order to enhance safe mobile disposal through a survey.  The research revealed that there was the need for the mobile manufacturers to manufacture handsets from recyclable materials. The manufacturers should also avail information on handset disposal at the point of sale and do a follow-up using the available media. The mobile services providers can also play an important role on mobile phone disposal by availing the information on the face of the scratch cards. In addition they can notify the subscribers on the available disposal channels through text messages. The government through the designated agencies such as the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) and National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) needs to be more assertive in mobile phone disposal measures.
Key words: Recycle, Disposal; Mobile Phone; handsets; Environment; Design; Kenya

Agwanda AO, Magadi M. " Determinants of transitions to first sex, marriage and pregnancy: Evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya.". In: Published African Population studies. E Afr Med J; 2005. Abstract

African Journal of Reproductive Health   (Accepted)

Langat S, Mbuge DO, Mutai EBK. " Determination of the Parameters for Design of Flexible Plastic Tank." AJST. 2010;Vol. 11(No. 2):37-45.
Dorothy FK, Makori EO, Dorothy MN. " Dorothy Flora Khamala (2018). Webometrics Ranking and Its Relationship to Quality Education and Research in Academic Institutions in Kenya." Library Philosophy and Practice (E-journal). 2018;Paper 2020.
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Mercy B, Mbaria J, Muchemi G, Gakuya F, Kariuki E, Wamiti W. " Ecological Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals and Water Bird Distribution in Rift Valley Lakes, Kenya." Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment9(3): 30-44. 2017;9(3):30-44.
Manyonyi, G. JBLMFNOOWKWKS, M., Fowke KAKRO. " Enhancing capacity of research ethics review committees in developing countries: The Kenyan example." South African Journal Of Bioethics And Law. 2014;7(2), 59-63. :doi:10.7196/sajbl.308.
J.K.Muthee, Gakuya DW, Mbaria JM, C.M.Mulei, J.M.Mugambi, J.C.Nganga. " Evaluation of anthelmintic efficacy of selected medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok, Kenya.". In: the 9thFaculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium, CAVS, University of Nairobi; 2014.
K. MJ, G. KS, M. M, M. NJ, M. MJ. " Evaluation of genotoxicity potential of plants traditionally used for mosquito control in Kenya’s South coast. ." Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2016;4 (4) (ISSN: 2354-323X):178-182.
Gakuya DW, Mbaria JM, Mbithi PMF, Munenge RW. " Evaluation of the Bioactivity of some Traditional Medicinal plants using the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test." The Kenyan veterinarian,. 2004; 26:8-11.
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Mukelabai, N. O. Bwibo M(E& R. " Growth monitoring and promotion during early childhood. .". In: Primary health care manual for medical students and other health workers (3rd edition). UNICEF; 2010.
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Musonye MM, Ndivo L. Heart to Heart: Reflective Poetry from Kenya. . Nairobi: Centre for Research, Publications and Consultancy – Daystar University; 2012.
Ngugi RW, Murinde V, Green C. " How emerging market respond to the revitalization process: Evidence on the Nairobi Stock Exchange, in Africa Finance Journal." The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2002.
Mwangi, I.K NJ, In Kumssa, A. William J(eds)JH & JF. " Human Security and Conflict in Africa: Kenya in Perspective. New York.". In: Research Methodology. New York: Palgrave Macmillian; 2011.
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DK M, Mutegi R, Kipruto S, Muriithi M, Oleche OM, Mwabu G, YOUNGER SD. " Inequality trends and diagnostics in Kenya," Working Paper, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics."; 2020.
M KP. " Influence of Legal Framework in Enhancing Democratic Governance Process in Kenya." Journal of Public Policy & Governance . 2017;1(2):43-57.
Muigua K. " Institutionalising Traditional Dispute Resolution Mechanisms and other Community Justice Systems." Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (Kenya), Alternative Dispute Resolution. 2018;6(1):84-168.
Awiti J, Mutua J, Nyaga R, Muthaka D. " Institutions and Service Delivery: The Case of Services Funded the Constituencies Development Fund in Kenya .". In: African Economic Research Consortium.; 2011.
Munyoki JM, Nzuki PK, C.M.Gakuu. " International Marketing. An unpublished student manual, Department of Educational Studies., University of Nairobi.". University of Nairobi; 2000. Abstract

Department of Medical Physiology, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Finding a simple and easily reproducible formula for assessing fitness and growth for human body has been one constant search over the ages. It was the aim of this project to try and add to this search. Most formulae in this field have complex calculations. Most of them have been derived using single system measurements. To delineate our factor, multisystem measurements were used; metric and imperial. This yielded a factor for describing the relationship between weight and height over the ages. The height is in inches and weight in kilograms. This produced factors (D) and (G) which have childhood, adolescent, adult and old age values. A total of 368 black Kenyans were studied. The age range was 3-85 years.

JA O'o, MK M, NM O'o, PM M, IK C, JW W. " Intima-media thickness of the common Femoral Artery in a Black Kenyan Population: Correlation with Age, Gender and Geometric Factors." Glob J Hum Anat Physiol Res. 2016;3:1-7. Abstractintima-media-thickness-of-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-in-a-black-kenyan-population-correlation-with-morphological-features-2161-0940.10001631.pdf Licensee Synchro Publishe

Abstract: Femoral artery intima - media thickness is a reliable surrogate marker of atherosclerosis and is important for prediction of coronary and peripheral vascular disease, but is seldom reported among black Sub Saharan African populations. This study, therefore, aimed at describing the intima - media thickness of the femoral artery in relation with age, gender and some of its geometric factors. Materials for this study were obtained during autopsy from 208 adult black Kenyans (154 males, 54 females, mean age 36.4 years) who had died of non cardiovascular causes. Those with history of cardiovascular risk factors were excluded. Femoral artery was exposed by dissection. Terminal branching pattern was recorded, and length and bifurcation angle measured. Materials for determination of intima - media thickness were processed routinely for paraffin embedding and sectioning. Five micron sections were stained with Mason’s trichrome, examined with light microscope and pictures taken. The images were digitized and intimal and medial thickness determined according to the protocol by Nakashima et al. [1]. The mean intima - media thickness was 0.76 ± 0.016 mm. It increased with age and was higher in males than females; for trifurcations (0.95 ± 0.032 mm) and also short arteries and those with wide bifurcation angles. Age and gender differences and those between arterial trifurcation and bifurcation attained statistical significance. In conclusion, the mean femoral intima-media thickness of the black Kenyan population studied is higher than those reported for Caucasian populations, increases with age and is higher in males and cases of trifurcation. This suggests that the study population is susceptible to atherosclerosis and that variant terminal branching pattern constitutes a geometric risk factor for atherosclerosis. We recommend ultrasound screening for those at risk.

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Mbithi LM, Okelo JA, Kiriti-Nganga TW. " Jounce of the African Women Studies Centre, Vol. 2.". In: WTO chair vol 2: Trade discourse in Kenya: Some topical issues V ol. 2.; 2012.
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Wamalwa D, Lehman DA B-NGGSM, Benki-Nugent S, Gasper M GR, Maleche-Obimbo E, John-Stewart G OJ. " Long-term Virologic Response and Genotypic Resistance Mutations in HIV-1 Infected Kenyan Children on Combination Antiretroviral Therapy." J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Nov 28. [Epub ahead of print]. 2012. Abstract

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
HIV-infected children may require the use of combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) into adulthood. However, regimens are limited to first- and second-line in many African settings. Therefore, understanding the long-term rate of virologic failure and drug resistance during prolonged antiretroviral treatment is important for establishing treatment strategies in African pediatric cohorts.
METHODS:
Children ages 18 months to 12 years initiated first-line cART and were followed every 1-3 months, for up to 5.5 years. Treatment was switched to second-line based on clinical and immunologic criteria according to national guidelines. Virologic failure was determined retrospectively as defined by ≥2 viral loads >5000 copies/mL. Drug resistance was assessed during viral failure by population-based sequencing.
RESULTS:
Among 100 children on first-line cART followed for a median 49 months, 34% experienced virologic failure. Twenty-three (68%) of the 34 children with viral failure had detectable resistance mutations, of whom 14 (61%) had multi-class resistance. Fourteen (14%) children were switched to second-line regimens and followed for a median of 28 months. Retrospective analysis revealed that virologic failure had occurred a median of 12 months prior to the switch to second-line. During prolonged first-line treatment in the presence of viral failure, additional resistance mutations accumulated, however, only 1 (7%) of 14 children had persistent viremia during second-line treatment.
DISCUSSION:
Virologic suppression was maintained on first-line cART in two-thirds of HIV-infected children for up to 5 years. Switch to second-line based on clinical/immunologic criteria occurred ∼1 year after viral failure, but the delay did not consistently compromise second-line treatment.

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Maina AN;, Mbuthia PG, Ngatia TA;, Waruiru R;, Bebora LC. " Maina, A.N; Mbuthia, PG; Ngatia, TA; Waruiru, R; Bebora, L.C ."; 2004.
Mwaniki SW;, Nderitu JH;, Olubayo F;, Kimenju JW. " Major insects of crops in Kenya.". In: 9th Triennial Symposium for International Society for Tropical Root and Tuber crops- Africa Branch, 31st October .; 2004.
Uwizeyimana D, Mureithi SM, Mureithi SM, Mvuyekure SM, Karuku G, Karuku G. " Modelling surface runoff using the soil conservation service-curve number method in a drought prone agro-ecological zone in Rwanda. International Soil and Water Conservat." International Soil and Water Conservation Research. 2019;7 (1):9-17.
Uwizeyimana D, Mureithi, S.M., Mvuyekure SM, Karuku G, Kironchi G. " Modelling surface runoff using the soil conservation service-curve number method in a drought prone agro-ecological zone in Rwanda. International Soil and Water Conservat." International Soil and Water Conservation Research. 2019;7 (1):9-17.
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MEROKA PROFMBECHEISAAC, Yego SK. " Operational Research Management Science in Social Issues at the Strategic Level.". In: Nairobi Journal of Management, Vol. 2,. IBIMA Publishing; 1996. Abstract

a paper presented to the Conference on Project Management in the Construction Industry for Eastern Africa Region, 20th - 23rd November, 1996, Machakos, Kenya.

Mwonga NK, Gitau AN, Mutua JM, Mwangi ST. " Optimization of Specific Draft Requirement and Hitch Length for an Animal Drawn Sub-Soiler: A Case of SandyClay Loam Soils." Open Journal of Optimization. 2019;Volume 8:83-99.
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Mutiso SK, Kibett K, Obara J. " Perceptions of Agriculture Teachers toward the Integration of Adaptation Strategy Topics on Climate Change in Secondary School Agriculture Syllabus in Machakos County, Kenya." International Organization of Scientific Research- Journal of Research Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) . 2014;4(5):1-15.Website
Mabeya JM;, and Nderitu JH, Wambua EW. " Pesticide use and implications in horticultural export crops in Kenya.". In: Proc. Of the Second horticultural Conference on Sustainable horticultural production in the tropics. Nairobi; 2002.
Magwilu KD, Nguta JM, Mapenay I, Matara D. " Phylogeny, Phytomedicines, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological Properties, and Toxicity of Croton gratissimus Burch (Euphorbiaceae)." Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2022.
H. MWIZERWA, GO A, K. MS, MW O, P. GACHERU, M. MUIRU, B. OBURA, B VILJOEN. " Profiling of microbial content and growth in fermented maize-based products from western Kenya." Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science . 2018;6(2):509-519.
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Munyoki JM. " Quantitative Methods. A first course. Supreme Enterprises, Nairobi." University of Nairobi; 2002. Abstract

Department of Medical Physiology, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Finding a simple and easily reproducible formula for assessing fitness and growth for human body has been one constant search over the ages. It was the aim of this project to try and add to this search. Most formulae in this field have complex calculations. Most of them have been derived using single system measurements. To delineate our factor, multisystem measurements were used; metric and imperial. This yielded a factor for describing the relationship between weight and height over the ages. The height is in inches and weight in kilograms. This produced factors (D) and (G) which have childhood, adolescent, adult and old age values. A total of 368 black Kenyans were studied. The age range was 3-85 years.

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Mwega FM. Recent Economic Shocks, their Impacts and Policy Responses in Kenya.. London.: International Development Institute (ODI),; 2012.
Nyakundi JO, Ombui JN, Wanyonyi WC, Mulaa FJ. " Recovery of industrially useful hair and fat from enzymatic unhairing of goatskins during leather processing." Journal of American Leather Chemists Association,. 2022;117(6):241-250.
Kotikot T, Ndalamia J, OGUTU H, B Nyaoke, MW MUREITHI, Farah B, C Perciani, Mac Donald K, Anzala O, Jaoko W. " Reproductive Tract Infections Among Low Risk Women Attending KAVI-VZV 001 Study in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES ."; 2016.
Mugo, N, Nancy N. Karanja, Gachene CN, Klaus Dittert, Harun I. Gitari, E. S-G. " Response of potato crop to selected nutrients in central and eastern highlands of Kenya. ." Cogent Food & Agriculture. . 2021;7(1):1898762..
Opiyo R, Muketha S, Omollo W, Mwaniki D. " Responsive Infrastructure and Service Provision Initiatives Framing Smart Environment Attainment in Nairobi.". In: Smart Environment for Smart Cities. Singapore: Springer; 2019.
Aloyo A, Kinuthia DA, sine KA, Mulaku M, A G. " Risk factors for Insulin Prescription Errors in a Public Tertiary Care Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa. Drug Safety ." East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018;41(14):14.
M PROFSYAGGAPAUL. "The Role of Stakeholders in Land Reform.". In: National Land Policy Workshop . Kakamega Golf Hotel; 2011.
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Mbaria JM, Gathura PB. " Role of the Veterinarian in Prevention of Antibiotic Resistance in Kenya.". In: Proceedings of Infectious Diseases Symposium 2015, Antimicrobial use and Resistance in Eastern Africa . Laico Regency Hotel, Nairobi; 2015.
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POKHARIYAL P, MUTURI NE, J. M. KHALAGAI G. " SPLITTING AND ADMISSIBLE TOPOLOGIES DEFINED ON THE SET OF CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS BETWEEN BITOPOLOGICAL SPACES." International Journal of Mathematical Archive. 2018;9(( 1),2018, ):65-68. Abstract SPLITTING AND ADMISSIBLE TOPOLOGIES DEFINED ON THE SET OF CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS BETWEEN BITOPOLOGICAL SPACES

In this paper, p-splitting, p-admissible, s-splitting and s-admissible topologies on the sets p−C(Y, Z) and s−C(Y, Z) are defined and their properties explored. exponential functions are introduced in function spaces and s-splitting and s-admissible topologies defined on s-C(Y, Z) compared using these mappings

Ndohvu JB, Miencha K. Student reference Module CPP 101: An Introduction to Philosophy. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2006.
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Mweseli M. " Teaching of Poetry to form IV students .". In: Teaching of Poetry. Kibisi Secondary School; 2005.
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and with Kibwana ECK, Wanjala S, Mute: L. " The Case for an Ombudsman in Kenya. ." Nairobi. CLARIPRESS; 1998.
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Mwega FM, Weil D, Mbiti I. The Implications of Innovations in the Financial Sector on th e Conduct of Monetary Policy in East Africa.. International Growth Ce ntre Tanzania Country Programme; 2012.
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Kariuki MI, Muturi WM, Mwangi CI. " The relationship between borrowing behaviours and indebtedness of employees in the formal sector in Kenya ." Journal of Economics and Finance . 2016;7(6):16-22.
ADUDA JO, Musyoka LM. " The Relationship between Executive Compensation and Firm Performance in the Kenyan Banking Industry." Journal of Accounting and Taxation. 2011;3(6): 130-139.Website
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Munysa; A, Kabutbei JL,.; Chemingwa GN;, Kimani PM;, and Mburu MW, Nderitu JH. " Thumbnail Evaluation of drought tolerance mechanisms in Mesoamerican dry bean genotypes .". In: agro 2011. Vol. 1.; 2011.
Muema E, Kinyanjui P, Mbaria J, Nguta J, Chepkwony S, Kamau J, Onkoba N, Nyachieo A. " Toxicity and safety of Khat (Cantha edulis) consumption during pregnancy using olive Baboons (Papio Anubis as Experimental Models: A prospective Randomized study." Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health. 2016;4(3): 061-070.
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N. M, Mwangi I, Mbatiah M. Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima Na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbali Mbali.. nairobi: Focus Books. ISBN 9966-01-224-1; 2014.
M SM, AA A, CK O, IM M, TM M. " Utility of sonohysterography in evaluation of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding." Obstet Gnecol Rep. 2018; 2: DOI(10.15761):OGR.1000127.
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Too KV, Mutai EBK, Mutua JM, Mutuli DA, Mbuge DO. " Vicoelastic Properties of Bulk Groundnuts." Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering & Technology. 2012;Vol. 4 (No. 10 ISSN 2041-3238). Abstract

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Esho T, Kimani S, Nyamongo I, Kimani V, Muniu S, Kigondu C, Ndavi P, Jaldesa G. "The "heat" goes away: sexual disorders of married women with female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya.". 2018.
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Bichang’a G, Lage J-LD, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Zivy M, Balliau T, Sambai K, Ru BL, Kaiser L, Juma G, Maina ENM, others. "$\alpha$-Amylase mediates host acceptance in the braconid parasitoid Cotesia flavipes." Journal of chemical ecology. 2018;44:1030-1039. Abstract
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M.Mbuthia DE, Editor DIM. "''Aliyemtapeli mzalendo'',Short Story in an anthology.". In: Kunani Marekani. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2007.
M.Mbuthia DE, Editor LS. "''Anga kavu''.". In: Mwaviaji wa Roho. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2007.
Muhanda HB. ''Nafasi ya dini katika ndoa: tathmini ya Utengano na Paradiso'' U. Mbuthia DE, Musyoka DF, eds. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2011.
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MAKAU DRNZUMAJONATHAN. "(2001), "Adoption of Improved Maize Production Technologies among Smallholder Farmers in the Semi-arid Zones of Kenya; The Case of Improved Seeds and Inorganic Fertilizers in Machakos District". M.SC Thesis, University of Nairobi.". In: Paper presented at the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) Workshop, Kampala, Uganda July16 - 22. University of Nairobi Press; 2001. Abstractabstract2.pdf

In most smallholder cropping systems in Africa, crop improvement and resource management are essential for increasing crop productivity. These issues are more acute in the semi-arid areas where farmers practice subsistence farming with little use of improved technologies that translate to sub-optimal yields and hence food insecurity. Consequently, factors determining technology utilization in these areas should be identified to guide policy interventions. This study analyzed the factors influencing the intensity of adoption of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers in the dry mid altitude zones of Kenya. Multi-stage sampling was used to select 121 farmers from Machakos district who were interviewed using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were analysed and a Simultaneous Equation Tobit Model estimated. McFadden's R-Squares for the models were 0.075 and 0.133 for seed and fertilizer adoption, respectively. These levels of explanatory power and study findings were consistent with other cross-section studies using censored data to explain technology adoption. The rates of adoption of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers were 65 and 36 percent respectively. Men outnumbered women and were better adopters of improved technologies. Major adoption limitations included recycling of seeds and high input costs. Tobit regression results indicated that age, formal education, fertilizer amounts, off-farm income and early maturity perceptions significantly influenced the intensity of adoption of improved maize seeds. Formal education, experience, hired labour, fertilized area, farm size and attendance to field days significantly influenced the intensity of adoption of inorganic fertilizers. A major conclusion drawn from the study was that the use of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers was low and declining as indicated by the level of use of these inputs. The recommended seed rate for this area was 25 kg of seed per hectare while recommended fertilizer rates were 50 kgN/ha. However, farmers on average applied 8.6 kgl-l/ha.while adopting a seed rate of 10 kg of seed per hectare. Adopters of both technologies achieved 34 percent while nonadopters achieved only 15 percen.t of the returns possible from the maize enterprise in this area (as a ratio of farmers returns to optimal research returns). These low and declining levels of use and unpredictable weather conditions have translated to sub-optimal yields, persistent food insecurity and rising poverty levels. Appropriate policy interventions that can increase the use of these inputs can greatly improve the food security situation in the area. The study underscored the importance of extension, credit and distance to the market in influencing adoption. The results confirm the importance of producer education and arguably, educating farmers is likely to increase the use of these technologies. Therefore, there is need for the government and other development agencies to invest more in village schools and other educational efforts such as adult education. The government should ensure that all individuals acquire some basic level of education by making primary level of education compulsory.

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MUMMA_MARTINON CA. ) Eu-Africa Relations / Eu-Africa Dialogue. Institute Of Peace Studies And International Relations (Hipsir; 2005.draft.pdf
Getuno PM, Awino ZB, Ngugi PK, Mwaura F. ") Implementation of The Public Procurement And Disposal Act, (2005)." DBA Africa Management Review. 2015;5(1):75-93.
SK M, M W, JK S, CK G. ") Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Breed characteristics, Farmer Objectives and Preferences in Kenya: A correspondence analysis." Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences. 2014;2(4):118-125.
M SM, AA A, CK O, IM M, TM M. ") Utility of sonohysterography in evaluation of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding." Biochem. Pharmacol.. 2018;2(1).
GK G, JW A, Mbuthia P G, CM M. "). Causes of calf mortality in peri-urban area of Nairobi, Kenya." Trop. Anim. Health. Prod.. 2010;42:1643-1647 .
Kaingu; 9.24 CK, Kiama SG, Mbaria; J, Jemimah A. Oduma. "). Effects of Croton menyharthii and Uvariodendron kirkii Extracts on Ovarian Corpora Lutea and Reproductive Hormone." Discovery Phytomedicine . 2017;4(1): 21-25: 21-25.
Rukenya MZ, Mbaria JM, Mbaabu PM, Kiama SG, Ozango. "). In Vitro Antimicrobial, Cytotoxic Activity and Phytochemistry of Aloe turkanensis an Ethnomedicine Used in Turkana, Kenya.". In: The Kenya Veterinary Association annual 48th scientific conference . Boma Inn Hotel, Eldoret. Kenya; 2014.
Mwangi JM, Kariuki MI, Muturi PG. "). Influence of strategic planning on performance of state corporations in Kenya. ." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications.. 2020;10(5).
Muriithi JG, Nyagah G, Okoth UA. "). Influence of teachers’ communication strategies on students’ discipline in Public secondary schools in Mukurweni District." International journal of social sciences and Education (IJSSE). 2016;5(4):241-250.
R NYONJE, KYALO DN, MULWA ANELINE. ). Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects and Programmes: A Hand Book for Students and Practioners. Nairobi: Aura Books-ISBN 9966-123-456-7 ; 2012.
MAINA DRGITHIGIASAMUEL. "). Prevalence of porcine Cysticercosis and risk factors for Taenia solium taeniosis in Funyula Division of Busia District Kenya. Githigia,S.M., Murekefu,K. and Otieno, R.O." The Kenya Veterinarian . 2005;29:37-39. AbstractWebsite

Ivan Gumula; Matthias Heydenreich, Solomon Derese; Isaiah O. Ndiege and Abiy Yenesew. Phytochemistry Letter, 2012, 150-154

KM M, K S, N T-T, M Z, S K, Y S, N I. "). Recombinant Protein from Trypanosoma Congolense a Good Diagnostic Antigen in Immunochromatographic Test." Egerton Journal of Science and Technology. 2018;16:1-21.
Otsyina H, Nguhiu J, E M, Mbuthia, P.G., W O. "): Clinical manifestations in sheep with plastic bags in the rumen." Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016;51.
Otsyina H, Nguhiu J, E M, Mbuthia, P.G., W O. "): Clinical manifestations in sheep with plastic bags in the rumen." Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016;51. Abstract
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Debrah I, Afrane YA, Amoah LE, Ochwedo KO, Mukabana WR, Zhong D, Zhou G, Lee M, Onyango SA, Magomere EO, Atieli HE, Githeko AK, Yan G. ", Larval ecology and bionomics of Anopheles funestus in highland and lowland sites in western Kenya." PLoS ONE . 2021;16(10):e0255321.
Gitau AN, Wilba SN, Mbuge DO, Mwangi ST. ", ., .and (2018). Modelling variable cost of Tractors. A case study of ten tractor models in Juba Southern Sudan." AMA Spring. 2018;Volume 49(2. ISSN 0084-5841.):104-111.
Olwendo OJ, Yosuke Y, Cilliers PJ, Baki P, Chigomezyo MN, Mito C. ", A study on the response of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly over the East Africa sector during the geomagnetic storm of November 13, 2012." . Advances in Space Research. 2015;55(12):2863-2872.
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Mwenesi BM. "- Cohesion and Integration in Kenya through the teaching of French in Kenyan Schools.". In: NCIC. KCB Centre; Karen; Forthcoming.
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MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: AAP (Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere) Swahili Forum IX 72/2002, pp. 19-24, University of Cologne. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2002. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: AAP (Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere) 68/2001, Swahili VIII, pp.81-115, University of Cologne. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: (A Stylistic Approach to the teaching of Poetry), Ufundishaji wa Lugha, Fasihi Pamoja na Utahini katika Shule za Upili, pp. 31-40, Kenya Kiswahili Association. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1996. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ". .". In: (A Stylistic Approach to the teaching of Poetry), Ufundishaji wa Lugha, Fasihi Pamoja na Utahini katika Shule za Upili, pp. 31-40, Kenya Kiswahili Association. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1996. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ". .". In: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Press, March 1987, 161pp. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1986. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
Ndung'u K, Purity G, Martin M, Johnson K, J K, Lawrence M, Naomi M, John K, Grace M. ". A comparative study in direct cryopreservative efficacy between Triladyl® and EDTA saline glucose 10% glycerol cryopreservative media for human and non-human infective trypanosomes." J. Protozool. Res . 2009;19:22-28.
Mumma-Martinon CA. ". A brief on Total in Exploration & Production( Page 74) .". In: 60 Years of Total in Kenya: Celebrating 60 Years of Service . Nairobi : Total Kenya; 2017.
Wagacha JM, Muthomi JW, Mutitu EW, Mwaura FB. ". Control of bean rust using antibiotics produced by Bacillus and Streptomyces species - Translocation and persistence in snap beans." Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management . 2007;11:165-168.
Nguta JM, Mbaria JM, Gakuya DW, Gathumbi PK, Kabasa JD, Kiama SG. ". Evaluation of Acute Toxicity of Crude Plant Extracts from Kenyan Biodiversity using Brine Shrimp, Artemia salina L. (Artemiidae)." The Open Conference Proceedings Journal. 2012;3:30-34.
Ritho C, Mwololo H, Nzuma J. ". Do farmer demographic characteristics influence their preference for agricultural extension methods?". In: Global Food Symposium . Gottingen University Germany; 2017.
Njuguini SK, Muchane MN, Wachira P, Okoth S, Muchane M, Saado H. ". Effect of land use on the diversity of macrofungi in Kereita forest Kikuyu escarpment, Kenya." Current Research in Environmental & Applied Mycology. 2018;Volume 8 (2 ):254-281.
Maina PK, Wachira PM, Okoth SA, Kimenju JW, Otipa M, Kiarie JW. ". Effects of Land-Use Intensification on Distribution and Diversity of Fusarium Species in Machakos County, Kenya. ." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2015;7(4):48-60.
Gitao CG, Maina SM, Kihu SM. . Enhanced Diagnosis of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) using experimental infection models. Nairobi Jacaranda Hotel, Westlands Nairobi-Kenya 9th – 10th June: FAO-EU; 2015.
Jimmy ML, Nzuve F, Flourence O, Manyasa E, Muthomi J. ". Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and trait correlations in selected sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) varieties." International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 2017;11(5):47-56.
Opanga SA, Mwang’ombe NJ, Okalebo FA, Kuria KAM. ". Impact of neurosurgical site infections on patient expenditure at a national referral hospital in Kenya: a cost of illness study. ." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2017;6(2):72-76.
MITEMA PROFSEO. ". Kariuki, S.M. Olsvik, O. Mitema, E.S.; Gathuma, J.M. and Mirza N. (1993). Acquired tetracycline resistance genes in Nosocomial Salmonella typhimurium infection in a Kenyan Hospital. E. Afr. Med. J. 70: 255-258.". In: journal. BEP Electronic Press; 1993. Abstract

Tetracyclines have been among the most widely used antibiotics worldwide. Plasmid-mediated tetracycline resistance among hospital strains of bacteria has continued to rise and of major concern has been the transfer of resistance to pathogenic organisms. Bacteraemia due to hospital acquired S. typhimurium has been a major cause of morbidity at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), hence the need to study drug susceptibility pattern of this organism. This study also characterized the tetracycline resistance genes using oligonucleotide probes. Ninety seven S. typhimurium strains isolated from patients at KNH were used. Agar dilution method was used to determine minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Plasmids were isolated from each strain and the different plasmid profiles were grouped by their molecular weights into 6 patterns. Out of 97, 87 (88%) strains were resistant. MIC ranged from 1 microgram/ml to 128 micrograms/ml. Genes encoding for tetracycline resistance were located on plasmids of molecular weights 65 MDa, 5.2 or both. Plasmid-encoded antimicrobial resistance is likely to spread to other pathogenic organisms, reduce our ability to treat the infection and increase the cost and duration of treatment.

MITEMA PROFSEO. ". Mitema, E.S. (l989). Use of drugs in urinary tract infections. Ken. Vet. 13: 39.". In: journal. BEP Electronic Press; 1989.
Kamau FN, Njogui PM, Thoithi GN, Mwangi JW, Kibwage IO, Kariuki ST, Yenesew A, Mugoi HN, Mwalukumb JM. ". Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Investigation of Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis (Urticaceae).". 2011. Abstract

Root and stem extracts of Girardinia diversifolia exhibited varying degrees of activity against Bacillus pumilus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three compounds namely ~-sitosterol, 7bydroxysitosterol and 3-bydroxystigmast-5-en-7-one, were isolated from the petroleum ether root extract. The present study gives scientific credence to the traditional use of Girardinia diversifolia in the management of microbial infections.

Matiko Mwita, Mathai M, Pauline Ng’ang’a, Jande M. ". Prevalence and correlates of depression and anxiety disorders among patients on treatment for HIV/AIDS in Mwanza-Tanzania." . Tanzania J Health Sci . 2018;2(1):38-49.
Sangilu, S., J.M. Githaiga, Mohammed S. ". Resource utilization by large herbivores in Athi Kapiti Plains." African Journal of Ecology. 2008;46:43-51.
Muchiri LW, Penner DW ARFSJ. ". Role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of breast lumps at the Kenyatta National Hospital." East Africa Med. Journal. 1993;70(4):31-3.
Mwachaka P, Saidi H OMPP. ". Structural changes in the rabbit neural retina following monocular deprivation." Ann of Anatomy . 2014;196S: :177-178.
S. RF, P. HM, C. M, M. BS, K. AF. ". “Clinical presentation and post-mortem findings of patients with AIDS at Kenyatta National Hospital." Journal of AIDS. 2000;Supplement 24:23-29.
Maitai CK, Muraguri N, Patel HA. ".A survey on the use of poisoned arrows in Kenya during the period 1964-1971." East Afr Med J. . 1973;50(2):100-104. AbstractWebsite

In a case of poisoning involving 70 cattle analysis of specimens obtained during post mortem examination showed that the toxic substances were arsenic and toxaphene. This was consistent with both the clinical and post mortem findings. Arsenic was detected in water from an abandoned cattle dip in the farm. Soil samples collected in the vicinity of the dip contained both arsenic and toxaphene.

Musonye MM. ".Let an Ailing God Die: The Place of Change in Society. ." Perspectives. 1998;Vol. 2(No.1).
M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. ".P. Duggal and J. M. Khalagai, Operator Equation AB+BA*=A*B+BA=I, India J.". In: Pure Applied Maths. Vol.13 (11) , 526-531. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear; 1982. Abstract
J. M. Khalagai,
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MUCUNU DRMBARIAJ. "1) J. M. Mbaria (1999). Studies of Pharmacokinetics, Anthelmintic Efficacy and Acute Toxicity of Pyrethrins in Sheep and Dogs and Pyrethroids Analysis in Air.". In: Proceedings of the First National Workshop on medicinal, aromatic and other underutilized plant species in Kenya. Held from 29th October to 3rd November 2001 at Kenya Wildlife Service Training Institute, Naivasha, Kenya. University of Nairobi; 1999. Abstract

ABSTRACT: One of the sources of feacal contamination of rainwater harvested from roofs is wind-blown dust containing particulate matter from animal faeces, or through direct defecation. Since the primary habitat for Escherichia coli (E.coli) is the gastro-intestinal tract of mammals and birds (Atlas 1984), it's a good indicator of feacal contamination (Hazen, 1988). This study aimed to investigate the presence of E.coli. In rainwater samples collected from roofs in some areas around Nairobi, which have different levels of livestock density. Forty four of the 89 samples collected tested positive for the presence of E.coli from Ngong Division, which had a cattle density of 1446 per square Kilometre was, 55%, but it was not significantly different from both Kikuyu Division: cattle density of 166; both of which had 34% of the samples testing positive to E. coli (p=0.3094). It was concluded that rain water harvested from roofs for human consumption in the study area should be treated before use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

D.C W, E.M O, Farquhar C, Richardson BA, Mbori-Ngacha DA, Inwani I, Benki-Nugent S, G J-S. "1. Predictors of mortality in HIV-1 infected children on antiretroviral therapy in Kenya: a prospective cohort." BCM Pediatr. 2010:10-33.predictors_of_mortality_in_hiv-1infected_children.pdf
Ekwom PE, Oyoo GO, Amayo EO, Muriithi IM. "1. Prevalence and characteristics of articular manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus infection." east african medical journal. 2010;87(10):408-14.
Muriithi EM, Gunga SO, Ngesu LM, K’Odhiambo AK, Wachira LN. "1. School Characteristics, Use of Project Method and Learner Achievement in Physics." Journal of Education and Practice. 2013;4(8):196-203. Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate how school characteristics affect the usage of the PM and the consequent impact on learner achievement in physics (LAP). Data was collected using Students Achievement Tests (SAT) and questionnaire for physics teachers. Stratified Sampling was applied to select 84 schools comprising boys, girls and mixed schools from seven provinces of Kenya. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the data. ANOVA, chi-square and multiple-regression were used to test the hypothesis. The key findings of the study were that PM enhances the learning of physics; Single sex schools performed better than mixed schools; the type of schools in terms of gender, whether day or boarding were not factors in the usage of project method. In view of these research findings, the researchers recommend that the government come up with a policy that enhances the establishment of more single sex schools, enhance resource mobilization for the teaching of physics, review the teacher training component so as to encompass the PM as an alternative teaching strategy, and in-service physics teachers on the role of school characteristics in the study of physics.

Kihu SM, Gachohi JM, Ndungu EK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG, Ireri R. "1. Sero-epidemiology of Peste Des Petits ruminants virus infection in Turkana County, Kenya ." BMC Veterinary Research. 2015;11(87):1-13.
Njau DG, Muge EK, Kinyanjui PW, Omwandho C, Mukwana S. "1. STRs analysis of human DNA from Maggots Fed on Decomposing Bodies: Assessment of the time period for successful analysis ." Egyptian Journal of Forensic Science . 2019;6(3):261-269. AbstractFull Text Link

Frequently, forensic entomology is applied in the use of insect maggots for the identification of specimens or remains of humans. Maggot crop analysis could be valuable in criminal investigations when maggots are found at a crime scene and a corpse is absent. Human short tandem repeat (STR) has previously been used to support the association of maggots to a specific corpse but not in the period at which the body has been decomposing. The aim of this research was to assess the time period for successful STR analyses of human DNA from third instar maggots (Protophormia terraenovae) obtained from decomposing human corpses as well as to investigate the human DNA turnover and degradation in the maggot crop after they are removed from food and/or are fed on a beef (a new/different) food source. Results showed that the amount of human DNA recovered from maggots decreased with time in all cases. For maggots fed on beef, the human DNA could only be recovered up to day two and up to day four for the starved maggots. STR analyses of human DNA from maggots’ crop content using 16 loci generated profiles that matched those of reference samples although some of the alleles were not amplifiable therefore generating partial profiles for the samples starved for 4 days and those fed on beef. This may be due to nuclease activity present in the gut of larvae that may have caused degradation of DNA and consequently reduction in DNA yield. It was possible to identify the decomposing body using STRs as markers.

Njau DG, Muge EK, Kinyanjui PW, Omwandho C, Mukwana S. "1. STRs analysis of human DNA from Maggots Fed on Decomposing Bodies: Assessment of the time period for successful analysis ." Egyptian Journal of Forensic Science . 2019;6(3):261-269. AbstractFull Text Link

Frequently, forensic entomology is applied in the use of insect maggots for the identification of specimens or remains of humans. Maggot crop analysis could be valuable in criminal investigations when maggots are found at a crime scene and a corpse is absent. Human short tandem repeat (STR) has previously been used to support the association of maggots to a specific corpse but not in the period at which the body has been decomposing. The aim of this research was to assess the time period for successful STR analyses of human DNA from third instar maggots (Protophormia terraenovae) obtained from decomposing human corpses as well as to investigate the human DNA turnover and degradation in the maggot crop after they are removed from food and/or are fed on a beef (a new/different) food source. Results showed that the amount of human DNA recovered from maggots decreased with time in all cases. For maggots fed on beef, the human DNA could only be recovered up to day two and up to day four for the starved maggots. STR analyses of human DNA from maggots’ crop content using 16 loci generated profiles that matched those of reference samples although some of the alleles were not amplifiable therefore generating partial profiles for the samples starved for 4 days and those fed on beef. This may be due to nuclease activity present in the gut of larvae that may have caused degradation of DNA and consequently reduction in DNA yield. It was possible to identify the decomposing body using STRs as markers.

Ogolaa J, Fèvreb EM, Gitaud GK, Christleye R, Muchemi G, de Glanvilleb WA. "1. The topology of between-herd cattle contacts in a mixed farming production system in western Kenya ." Preventive Veterinary Medicine . 2018;158:43-50.
Muema DM, Nduati EW, Uyoga M, Bashraheil M, Scott JAG, Hammitt LL, Urban BC. "10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein-D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) induces memory B cell responses in healthy Kenyan toddlers." Clin. Exp. Immunol.. 2015;181(2):297-305. Abstract

Memory B cells are long-lived and could contribute to persistence of humoral immunity by maintaining the plasma-cell pool or making recall responses upon re-exposure to an antigen. We determined the ability of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine to induce anti-pneumococcal memory B cells. Frequencies of memory B cells against pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides from serotypes 1, 6B, 14, 19F and 23F were determined by cultured B cell enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) in 35 children aged 12-23 months who received pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein-D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV). The relationships between plasma antibodies and memory B cell frequencies were also assessed. After two doses of PHiD-CV, the proportion of subjects with detectable memory B cells against pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides increased significantly for serotypes 1 (3-45%; P < 0·01), 19F (21-66%; P < 0·01) and 23F (13-36%; P = 0·02), but not serotypes 6B (24-42%; P = 0·24) and 14 (21-40%; P = 0·06). Correlations between antibodies and memory B cells were weak. Carriage of serotype 19F at enrolment was associated with poor memory B cell responses against this serotype at subsequent time-points (day 30: non-carriers, 82% versus carriers, 0%, P < 0·01; day 210: non-carriers, 72% versus carriers, 33%, P = 0·07). PHiD-CV is capable of inducing memory B cells against some of the component pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides.

M. DROLUBAYOFLORENCE. "14. Johnson O. Nyasani; John W. Kimenju; Florence M. Olubayo and Michel J. Wilson. (2008). Laboratory and field investigations using indigenous entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of Plutella xylostella in Kenya.". In: Asian Journal of plant pathology 2(1) 48-53. Dr. Oliver V. Wasonga; 2008. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This study was conducted in two seasons of2002 at Tigoni, Central Kenya to determine effectiveness of insecticides; neern  extract and mineral oil in managing potato aphids and their associated virus diseases. The treatments were arranged in  randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. In each season, the number of aphids in five randomly  selected plants per treatment was recordced in situ. Virus symptoms (i.ncidence) were scored and expressed as a percentage  to the total plant population per plot. Forty-five days after emergence, 10 plants each from guard rows and inner rows were  randomly selected and serologically assayed for Potato Virus Y (PVY) and Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV) using DAS ELISA test. Results showd that three aphid species Aphis gossypii (Glover), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) colonized on the variety with A. gossypii being the most dominant while M. persicae was least.  Higher aphid population coincided with the short rains experienced in one of the seasons. Synthetic insecticides (Bifethrin  and dimethoate) were the most effective among the treatments in reducing aphid infestation while the neem extract and mineral oil (DC- Tron) had no significant (P<0.05) difference. However, mineral-oil treated plots recorded the lowest PVY  incidence while bifenthrin-Ireated plots had the lowest PLRV incidence. It is suggested that a combination of synthetic  insecticides and mineral oil could playa major role in reduction of the aphids and their associated vectors. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4
Ngowi BV, Tonnang HEZ, Khamis F, Mwangi EM, Nyambo B, Ndegwa PN, Subramanian S. "14.5 Population dynamics of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and Its Parasitoids Along Altitudinal Gradients of the Eastern Afromontane." Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. 2017:231.
Nyong’o NA;, Mulimba AO;. A 15 – Year Retrospective Analysis Of Osteogenic Sarcoma In Kenya.; 1994. AbstractWebsite

Cases of osteogenic sarcoma were studied as reported in the Kenya Cancer Registry covering a period of 15 years between January 1976 and December 1990. There were 271 cases with 113 (41.5%) coming from the Kikuyu community. The male to female ratio was 1.3 to 1 and the median age was 17 years. The tribal bias suggests either a genetic aetiology or a common environmental factor.

Mbwesa J. "16. Adult literacy as a determinant factor of farmer participation in agricultural extension: a case study of kibwezi Division Kenya ." The Kenya Adult Educator ' A Journal of Kenya adult Education Association - KAEA. 2002;Vol. 5(Issue 2).
Mwangi WJ, Gichuhi DL, Mari DN, Muriithi DM. "17. The effects of home based socio-economic factors on enrollment of male student in secondary school in Kirinyaga county central region of Kenya." International Academic Journal of Social Sciences and Education. 2017;1(5):25-35.
Muchiri WH, A. Riechi, Muriithi M. "19. The Rising Demand for Secondary School Places In Nairobi County, Kenya. ." Journal of Education. 2016;4(11).
MOHAMED PROFABDULAZIZ. "1981." The Object Prefix in Bantu. 1981.

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