Risk factors for cardiac dysfunction in children on treatment for cancer at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi.

Citation:
Shiroya-Wandabwa M, Yuko-Jowi C, Nduati R, Obimbo E, D. W. "Risk factors for cardiac dysfunction in children on treatment for cancer at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. ." East Afr Med J. 2009 Dec;86(12 Suppl):S52-7.. 2009.

Abstract:

Abstract
OBJECTIVE:

To determine the point prevalence of abnormal cardiac function and to assess the risk factors for cardiac dysfunction in paediatric oncology patients on treatment at Kenyatta National Hospital.
DESIGN:

Descriptive cross-sectional study with a nested case control.
SETTING:

Kenyatta National Hospital between February and April 2006.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Left ventricular dysfunction if ejection fraction (EF) <55% or fractional shortening (FS) <29% defined cases. Controls had EF >55% or FS >29%.
RESULTS:

One hundred and eleven patients were enrolled of whom 32 had abnormal cardiac function and were classified as cases while 79 had normal cardiac function. About a third, point prevalence 29% (95% CI 21.2-37.9), had cardiac dysfunction. Cumulative anthracycline dose was a risk factor for cardiac dysfunction in this population. Above 200 mg/m2 the attributable risk percentage of cardiac dysfunction was 77%.
CONCLUSIONS:

Serial echocardiography should be performed to identify patients at risk. Alternative treatment protocols should be used when the cumulative anthracycline dose exceeds 200 mg/m2 due to the high attributable risk. Studies to further assess the other associated risk factors and long term effects of anthracycline are recommended.

PMID:
21591510
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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