Sang CK, Kigondu CS, Muchiri L.Correlation between cytology and thyroid function test.East Afr Med J. 2006 Oct;83(10):533-8. PMID: 17310678 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Citation:
S PROFKIGONDUCHRISTINE. "Sang CK, Kigondu CS, Muchiri L.Correlation between cytology and thyroid function test.East Afr Med J. 2006 Oct;83(10):533-8. PMID: 17310678 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].". In: East Afr Med J. 2006 Oct;83(10):533-8. uon press; 2006.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction can be evaluated by measuring serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total tri-iodothyronine (T3) and total thyroxine (T4) which will establish euthyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is the diagnostic test of choice in determining whether a nodule is benign or malignant. OBJECTIVE: To correlate hormonal levels to FNA cytologic findings. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). RESULTS: Forty two patients had their thyroid profiles done and the results were correlated with FNA diagnosis. Majority of patients had nodular goiter (83.3%), of which 47.6% had euthyroidism, 16.7% had biochemical euthyroidism, 11.9% had hyperthyroidism, 4.8% had sub-clinical hyperthyroidism and 2.4% had sub-clinical hypothyroidism. Three patients (7.1%) with FNA diagnosis of non-diagnostic sample had euthyroidism while 2.4% each with papillary carcinoma, thyroglossal cyst, and atypia, had a hormonal profile of euthyroidism. There was no significant statistical difference (p > 0.05) of the mean levels of T4 (0.406), T3 (0.311), and TSH (0.90), between and within the various groups of FNA cytological diagnoses. CONCLUSION: The study showed that there was no correlation between T4, T3, and TSH measurements and FNA cytological diagnoses.

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