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Wafula EM, Ngamau DW, Onyango FE, Mirza NM, Njeru EK. "X-ray diagnosable pneumonia in children with severe malnutrition at Kenyatta National Hospital." East Afr Med J. 1998;75(10):567-71. Abstract

To estimate the prevalence of radiologically evident pneumonia among children with severe malnutrition and to evaluate the diagnostic utility of commonly used clinical indicators of pneumonia among children with severe malnutrition.

MASIBO PROFWAFULAEZEKIEL. "X-ray diagnosable pneumonia in children with severe malnutrition at Kenyatta National Hospital. East Afr Med J . 1998 Oct; 75 ( 10 ): 567-71 . PMID: 10065188 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Wafula EM, Ngamau DW, Onyango FE, Mirza NM, Njeru EK.". In: East Afr Med J . 1998 Oct; 75 ( 10 ): 567-71 . EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.; 1998. Abstract
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of radiologically evident pneumonia among children with severe malnutrition and to evaluate the diagnostic utility of commonly used clinical indicators of pneumonia among children with severe malnutrition. METHODS: All children with severe malnutrition and admitted at the then Paediatric Observation Ward without congestive cardiac failure, severe anaemia, or severe dehydration, were clinically evaluated and a posteroanterior chest X-ray taken for each child. Pneumonia was diagnosed on the basis of radiological changes consistent with pneumonia as reported by an experienced radiologist. The performance of the various clinical parameters as diagnostic tests for pneumonia were also evaluated. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, a tertiary level teaching institution for the University of Nairobi. RESULTS: One hundred and seven children comprising 68 males and 39 females were recruited into the study. Of these children, 38 had kwashiorkor, 40 had marasmus, while 29 had marasmic kwashiorkor. Radiological evidence of pneumonia was found in 58% of children with kwashiorkor, 75% with marasmic kwashiorkor, and 82% with marasmus. All the commonly used clinical parameters performed poorly as diagnostic tests for pneumonia among children with severe malnutrition. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of pneumonia was very high among children with severe malnutrition. Available clinical parameters, singly or in combination, are poor diagnostic tools for pneumonia in children with severe malnutrition. It is advisable to treat children with severe malnutrition as if they had pneumonia, even in the absence of suggestive clinical signs. PMID: 10065188 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis (XRF) of Trace Elements in Tuff (Volcanic Soil) and in Tissues of Rats fed with Tuff.". In: Nairobi. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1976. Abstract
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Kimiywe J, Namutebi A. "X-Ray Fluorescence Detected Variation in Nutraceutic-Implied Mineral Density in Underutilized Plants Mapped as Women-Operated Smallholder Units in the Lake Victoria Basin.". 2009. AbstractWebsite

Indigenous plant biodiversity plays a key role in providing nutritional and medicinal (nutraceutical) need for smallholder farming communities. The objective of this paper was to relate farming decisions, farm landscape morphology, crop species placement points, and the nutraceutical-implied micronutrient mineral (NIMM) density. The Kisumu (Kenya), Iganga (Uganda) and Bukoba (Tanzania) lake basins were the three eco-regional environs studied and were treated as the primary hierarchical level. Two visited sites (secondary level) for reconnaissance/collection were nested within the primary level. Fifteen dominantly female households were further nested within sites (tertiary level). By means of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy, indigenous variant plants (accessions) encountered were collected for density. XRF analyses were backed by key informant interviews. Empirically, indigenous/traditional plant species and, by extension, their diversity in NIMM density, was a three-factor dependent variable in terms of: (a) the ethnobotanic-based farming decisions by which the NIMM indigenous/ underutilized plant bio-resources encountered were purposively grown; (b) choices that were dictated by the topographic soil surface characteristics (terrain upland, steep and valley land properties); (c) near residence-referenced sequent activity occupancy (NR-SACO) episodes; and (d) natural cum farmer-guided plant selections.

Negera A, Matthias H, Midiwo JO, Ndakala A, Majer Z, Neumann B, Stammler H, Sewald N, Yenesew A. "A xanthone and a phenylanthraquinone from the roots of Bulbine frutescens and the revision of six seco-anthraquinones into xanthones." Phytochemistry Letters. 2014;9:67-73.
Butt F, Moshi J CM. "Xeroderma pigmentosum: a review and case series." Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. 2010;38(N/a):534-537.xp__oct_2010.pdf
Chindia ML, Owibingire S, Moshi JR, Butt FMA. "Xeroderma pigmentosum: a review and case series.". 2010. Abstract

Xeroderma pigmentosa (XP) is a condition inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is characterized by photosensitivity, pigmentary changes, premature skin ageing and malignant tumour development resulting from the defect in DNA repair. The management of complications of XP, especially orofacial tumours entails an enormous surgical challenge to the clinicians. We present five cases of XP.

Grubb P, Oguge N 2004. "Xerus erythropus." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Grubb P, Oguge N. "Xerus rutilus." 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; 2006. Abstract
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Ndiba PK, Axe L, Jahan K, Ramanujachary V. XRF measurement of heavy metals in highway marking beads..; 2009.Website

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