Publications

Found 2320 results

Sort by: Author [ Title  (Asc)] Type Year
Filters: First Letter Of Title is R  [Clear All Filters]
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q [R] S T U V W X Y Z   [Show ALL]
R
co-authored with(ed) DOLOOADAMSMM. "Regional institutions and the Quest for security in the Horn of Africa.". In: Human Security: Setting the Agenda for the Horn of Africa. NAIROBI: Africa Peace Forum; 2008.
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "Regional Integration and Debt in East Africa.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 2003. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "Regional Integration and Debt in East Africa. ISBN 0-07974-2803-8 (Harare: African Forum and Network on Debt and Development - AFRODAD, 2003).". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 2003. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
Oucho JO. "Regional Integration and Labour Mobility in Eastern and Southern Africa.". In: Emigration Dynamics in Developing Countries. Aldershot: Ashgate; 1998.
Mwega FM, Ibrahim A. "Regional Integration, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment.". In: Trade Reform and Reg ional Integration.; 1998.
OLEWE-NYUNYA PROFJD. REGIONAL INTEGRATION: A STRATEGY FOR ECONOMIC.; 1971.
OLEWE PROFNYUNYA. "Regional Integration: A Strategy for Economic Independence in Africa.". In: East African Universities Social Science Council Conference Proceedings Publications,Makerere, Kampala. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1971. Abstract
East African Publishers, Ltd.
Obudho RA. "Regional Planning in Kenya.". 1972.
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Regional Planning in Kenya. Moving into the 21 St. Century A paper prepared for F.nvironment 2000:Conference on Kenva's State of the Environment. Nairobi, Kenya. 23 rd.-27 'October 1990.Conference on Kenva's State of the Environment. Nairobi, Kenya. 23 rd.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 2000. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

L. PROFWANJALACHRISTOPHER. "Regional Reflections in the Literature of Kenya in Adjoining Culture as Reflected in literatureand Languages,(eds.) John X. Evans and Peter Horwath (Phoenix: Arizon State University Press, 173 ff.". In: published by Agip Ptroli of Milan Italy.; 1983. Abstract

A random sample survey using personal interviews was conducted in Machakos and Makueni Districts of Kenya in 1992 to estimate the level of rabies vaccination of the dog population. To substantiate the results of the interviews, a sample of the surveyed dogs 3 months old and above were bled for serum rabies antibody determination using an inhibition enzyme immunoassay (INH EIA). Of the 266 surveyed 3 months old and above, only 29% (77/266) were reportedly vaccinated against rabies. Out of the 197 dog sera titrated for rabies antibody, only 29% (57/197) had detectable antibodies and only 16% (32/197) had antibody tires equal to or greater than the threshold considered protective of 0.5 I.U/ml. There was a strong positive association between a history of previous vaccination and the detection of rabies antibodies. Of 133 dogs with no history of previous vaccination, 20% (26/133) had detectable antibodies. With the rabies incidence in Machakos and Makueni Districts still unacceptably high, the level of vaccination estimated in this survey is clearly inadequate for rabies control and measures designed to increase it are discussed.

Kipyator I, Ongeti K, Butt F, Ogeng’o JA. "Regional Topography of the Internal Carotid Artery." Anatomy Journal of Africa. 2015;4(1):444-449.
Kiriti-Nganga TW, Okelo JA. "Regional Trade Agreements: A Case Study of Kenya .". In: Trade Discourse in Kenya: Topical Issues , Vol. 1. Edited by Kiriti and Okelo, WTO and School of Economics WTO Chairs Program , pp. 100 - 150.; 2012.
D.E. DRIKAMARILAWRENCE. "Regional variation in infant and child mortality in Kenya.". In: Population and Development in Kenya. Editors: Oucho, J, Ocholla-Ayayo ABC, Ayiemba, E.H.O, and Omwanda, L. O. ISCTRC; 1998. Abstract
This paper seeks to identify some the factors that underlie regional variation in infant mortality in Kenya. The data drawn from the 1988/89 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey were used for this purpose. Logistic regression is used to analyse the data. On the basis of infant mortality estimates obtained, provinces were grouped into two groups: High (HMP) and low (LMP). The results obtained show that the values of explanatory variables in LMP region than in the high mortality region. However, their differences did not explain much of the variation in infant mortality between the two mortality regions. Decomposing the results revealed that the differences were largely due to the differences in the nature or structure of relationships, as represented by logit coefficients, between mortality and explanatory variables. The results indicate that the lower average level of maternal education, higher proportion of preceding child loss, higher proportion mothers belonging to low economic status households and a lower proportion of mothers belonging to households possessing livestock and lower use of modern contraception modestly contributed to high infant mortality in the high mortality region
Ikamari, Lawrence D.E.; Oucho O-AAOJ; ABC. "Regional variation in infant mortality in Kenya: A search for explanations."; 2000.
Ikamari, Lawrence D.E.; Oucho O-AAOJ; ABC. "Regional variation in infant mortality in Kenya: A search for explanations."; 2000.
kamari, Lawrence D.E.; Oucho O-AAOJ; ABC. "Regional variation in infant mortality in Kenya: A search for explanations."; 2000.
Ikamari LDE. "Regional variation in neonatal and post-neonatal motality in Kenya." Journal of African Population Studies. 2013;Vol 27(1).
Odula PO, Hassanali J, Kiama SG. "Regional variation in the histomorphology and tensile strength of the linea alba in the male goat (Capra hircus)." Anatomy journal of Africa. 2015;4(2):555-62. Abstractodula_la_aja.pdf

The linea alba (LA), a midline tendinous structure formed by the interlocking anterior abdominal wall aponeurotic fibers, acts as a passive tensile band that prevents sagging of the lower abdomen. The microstructure and the strength of these fibres would thus be expected to reflect on the forces that act on the linea alba. This study was undertaken to establish the histomorphology, morphometry and tensiometric characteristics of the linea alba of the goat so as to elucidate on the elements that are responsible for maintaining the integrity of the wall. Tissues resected from the linea alba in six male goats and prepared for routine light microscopy and stained with Weigert resorcin–fuchsin stain revealed three distinct laminae namely a superficial, intermediate and deep. The superficial lamina of goat epigastric linea alba, which was closely apposed to the overlying elastic tunica flava abdominis (deep fascia), was made up of predominantly obliquely aligned collagen bundles, an intermediate lamina comprising longitudinally aligned collagen bundles and a deep lamina consisting of transversely oriented collagen fibres. When exposed to longitudinal traction, the epigastric LA on average was the stiffest at 35 N/mm2 with an elastic coefficient 350 N/mm2 while the hypogastric LA was the weakest at 26.5 N/mm2 with an elastic coefficient 217 N/mm2 respectively. In conclusion, the epigastric LA was well suited for longitudinal load strength to support the compound stomach during grazing while the relatively elastic hypogastric LA was most suited for allowing a degree of midline sagging during browzing. The variations noted in tensiometry suggest that the hypogastric linea alba is more compliant to stretch but more predisposed to tearing than the epigastric line alba especially when exposed to sudden violent force or trauma.

Odula PO, Hassanali J, Kiama SG. "Regional variation in the histomorphology and tensile strength of the ventral rectus sheath in the male goat (Capra hircus)." Austin Journal of Anatomy . 2015;2(2):1036. Abstractodula_vrs_austin.pdf

The ventral rectus sheath (VRS) plays a key role in the stabilization of the ventral abdominal wall. This sheath has to be particularly strong in ruminants to accommodate the viscera and the large quantities of forage in their stomach. This study was conducted to establish the structural and the mechanical properties of the ventral rectus sheath in the goat, a browser, in order to elucidate its function. The ventral rectus sheath was formed by supercial and deep lamina consisting of obliquely aligned collagen bers derived from the external and internal oblique abdominal aponeuroses respectively. Closely apposed and intimately held to the super cial lamina was a layer of longitudinally aligned elastic bers, the ttunica ava abdominis or modi ed deep fascia. This tunica flava abdominis progressively increased in thickness from the epigastrium to the hypogastrium. On tensiometry, the epigastric ventral rectus sheath withstood about half the load (50N/mm2) required to reach yield point compared to the umbilical ventral rectus sheath (94.5N/mm2). Furthermore, the Youngs modulus showed that the umbilical ventral rectus sheath was the stiffest at 669 (SD 22.2) N/mm2 while the epigastric ventral rectus sheath was the weakest at 554 (SD 29) N/mm2 respectively when exposed to longitudinal traction. In conclusion, the progressively thickening of the tunica ava abdominis and the super cial lamina from the epigastrium to the hypogastrium may confer reversible stretch ability and strength to the ventral rectus sheath and is therefore well suited for longitudinal load strength needed to support the compound stomach during browzing.

Ikamari LDE. "Regional variation in the timing of childbearing in Kenya." Journal of Population Studies. 2008;12:1-25.
Kimani M, B.O.K'Oyugi. "Regional Variations in contraceptive use in Kenya." Genus. 2004;Vol. LX (2):33-54.
KIMANI DRMURUNGARU. "Regional Variations in Contraceptive use in Kenya.". In: A Report Prepared for Population Council and UNICEF. James Murimi; 2004. Abstract
According to the millennium assessment report, during the last century, global drylands have experienced anthropogenic induced climate changes that are predicted to continue and even to accelerate during the present century. The traditional pastoralist spatial domains are facing unprecedented changes due to population growth, urban sprawl and an appetite for land not anticipated by the planners who designated such lands as trust lands. A case in point is Kajiado district which has seen most community owned land blocks subdivided and tenure changed to private especially in areas surrounding It is therefore not only the pastoralists that are finding their roaming area constricted but also the wild animals. A recent court case to protect the migratory corridors of wild animals is a good example. In fact there are more wild animals among these communities than are confined in parks in Kenya. With the inevitable land use changes, and their impacts on livelihoods and environment, this paper explores the literature on the interaction of environmental conservation amid global warming and the potential role of biogas in mitigating the livelihood and vulnerability associated with it. Further, the technology helps manage green house gases and has potential for using the clean development mechanism to raise carbon credits which could be ploughed back in propping the livelihoods of rural communities. The paper highlights the preconditions of successful biogas interventions which include partial or complete confinement of animals in zero grazing units alongside improvement/change of animal breeds to more economically viable ones. However, this raises the greater question whether the radical change of livelihood approaches is at all viable? Key words: Global warming, livelihoods, conservation, biogas, carbon markets
KIMANI M, Milton N, Dr. Ndirangu G. "Regional Variations in contraceptive use in Kenya: comparison of Nyanza, Coast and Central Provinces.". In: African Population Studies. Vol. 27.; 2013:. Abstract

This paper analyses the regional variations in contraceptive use between Central, Nyanza and Coast Provinces in Kenya among currently married, fecund women drawn from the 2008-09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) data. Specifically the study examined the role of socio-economic, cultural and demographic factors in explaining these variations using both bivariate and logistic regression. The analysis confirmed the higher use of contraception in Central compared to Nyanza and Coast. Current use of modern contraceptive methods in Central is 70 percent compared with 39 percent and 37 percent for Nyanza and Coast respectively. The higher contraceptive use in Central is attributed to the better socio-economic and cultural environment compared with the other two provinces. Central Province has very few cases of women with no education, a much lower percentage in the poorest wealth (9.6) category and the highest proportion in monogamous unions (97.1). The higher socio-economic status and better cultural environment has in turn created a favourable environment for the use of contraception through the intervening variables of knowledge
on family planning and fertility preferences. The logistic regression results suggest that differences in contraceptive use between the three provinces could be narrowed by increasing the level of education in Coast and overcoming traditional practices such as polygyny in both Nyanza and Coast. Although mortality is still important, its effect has declined. However, the unexpected finding that contraceptive use is higher in rural areas of Central and Nyanza Provinces suggests further research to understand what could be responsible for the reversal.

KAISHA DROTSIANYIWYCKLIFFE. "Regional variations in the microscopic organisation of the human rectus sheath." Braz. J. Morphol. Sci.. 2009;26(2):84-90. Abstractregional_variations_in_the_microscopic_organisation_of_the_human_rectus_sheath.pdfWebsite

The pattern of formation of the rectus sheath from the aponeuroses of external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis muscles shows regional variations. These variations may influence the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath. Specimens were collected during autopsies from thirty one subjects (16 male, 15 female) aged 18-70 years old. The rectus sheath was exposed through gentle dissection of the superficial fascia of the anterior abdominal wall. Five millimeter thick sections were harvested and processed for light microscopy. Both walls of the rectus sheath were made up of three distinct zones: superficial, intermediate, and deep. The superficial and deep zones were fibroelastic while the intermediate zones comprised compact bundles of collagen fibres. In the anterior wall of the rectus sheath, these bundles above and below the arcuate line, respectively, were obliquely and transversely disposed. The bundles of the posterior wall of the rectus sheath were, however, transversely aligned. In conclusion, the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath is determined by its pattern of formation. This sheath is mainly formed by the aponeuroses of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis.

Mwachaka PM, Odula PO, Awori KO, Kaisha WO. "Regional variations in the microscopic organisation of the human rectus sheath." Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 2009;26:84-90. AbstractWebsite
n/a
Mwachaka PM, Odula PO, Awori KO, Kaisha WO. "Regional variations in the microscopic organisation of the human rectus sheath." Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 2009;26:84-90. AbstractWebsite
n/a
Mwachaka PM, Odula PO, Awori KO, Kaisha WO. "Regional variations in the microscopic organisation of the human rectus sheath." Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 2009;26:84-90. AbstractWebsite
n/a
Odula PO. "Regional variations in the microscopic organization of the human rectus sheath.". 2009. Abstract

The pattern of formation of the rectus sheath from the aponeuroses of external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis muscles shows regional variations. These variations may influence the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath. Specimens were collected during autopsies from thirty one subjects (16 male, 15 female) aged 18-70 years old. The rectus sheath was exposed through gentle dissection of the superficial fascia of the anterior abdominal wall. Five millimeter thick sections were harvested and processed for light microscopy. Both walls of the rectus sheath were made up of three distinct zones: superficial, intermediate, and deep. The superficial and deep zones were fibroelastic while the intermediate zones comprised compact bundles of collagen fibres. In the anterior wall of the rectus sheath, these bundles above and below the arcuate line, respectively, were obliquely and transversely disposed. The bundles of the posterior wall of the rectus sheath were, however, transversely aligned. In conclusion, the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath is determined by its pattern of formation. This sheath is mainly formed by the aponeuroses of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis.

OCHIENG&#39; DRODULAPAUL. "Regional variations in the microscopic organization of the human rectus sheath. :.". In: Journal of Morphological Sciences. 26(2). Mwachaka P.M, Odula P, Awori K.A and W. Kaisha.; 2009. Abstract
The pattern of formation of the rectus sheath from the aponeuroses of external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis muscles shows regional variations. These variations may influence the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath. Specimens were collected during autopsies from thirty one subjects (16 male, 15 female) aged 18-70 years old. The rectus sheath was exposed through gentle dissection of the superficial fascia of the anterior abdominal wall. Five millimeter thick sections were harvested and processed for light microscopy. Both walls of the rectus sheath were made up of three distinct zones: superficial, intermediate, and deep. The superficial and deep zones were fibroelastic while the intermediate zones comprised compact bundles of collagen fibres. In the anterior wall of the rectus sheath, these bundles above and below the arcuate line, respectively, were obliquely and transversely disposed. The bundles of the posterior wall of the rectus sheath were, however, transversely aligned. In conclusion, the microscopic organisation of the rectus sheath is determined by its pattern of formation. This sheath is mainly formed by the aponeuroses of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis.
Kimani M, K'Oyugi BO. "Regional Variations in the Use of Contraceptives in Kenya." Genus. 2004;Volume LX(No. 2):33-54.29788812.pdf
ORUNGO DRONONOJOSHUA. "Regional Workshop on Sustainable Capacity Building in Veterinary Public Health & Advanced Reproductive Technology - ILRI Addis Campus - July 3 & 4 ,2009.". In: ILRI Addis Campus - July 3 & 4 ,2009. Ohio state univer. and ilri; 2009. Abstract
The objective of the study was to identify the challenges to camel production in The major causes of camel loss in the district were identified as predation (50.9%), drought (28.7%) and camel diseases (20.4%). Severe drought was reported to have occurred in the years; 1984 (12.4%), 1995 (9%), 2005 (42.1%), and 2006 (37.6%), and the livestock species most affected by the drought were cattle (98.1%), sheep (63.9%), donkeys (57.5%), goats (50.8%) and camels (31.2%). Water was reported to be inadequate in the district by 54.6% and 62.1% of the respondents respectively for livestock and human use. Herdsmen reported watering their camels from; rivers (24.6%), dry river beds (40%) and spring (7.7%). The livestock grazing area was reported to be getting smaller (45.7%), overgrazed (21.7%), and destroyed (13%), while only 13% believed that the grazing area had increased. Amongst the pastoralist who responded to the question on their source of income, 78.8% had no alternative source of income apart from livestock keeping. Conclusion; More resources should be allocated by the governments for improvement of camel production and the carrying capacity in pastoral production systems needs to be re-evaluated to ensure  optimal productivity.   Keywords; Camel, predation, drought, diseases, production
Odada EO, Tyson, P., Schulze, R., Vogel, C. "Regional-Global Change Linkages: Southern Africa.". In: In Tyson et. al. (eds) Global-Regional Linkages in the Earth System. Berlin: Springer – Verlag; 2002.
P M. Regionalism in the Indian Ocean: Order, Cooperation and Community. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, German ISBN-10: 3639345517; 2011.
Agwata, J. F. WWN, Ondieki CM. "Regionalization of the Upper Tana Basin of Kenya using Stream flow Records.". Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice, Vol 4, No 2 (www.ajol.info/journals/jcerp); 2007. Abstract
n/a
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Registered Theatre Nursing Clinical Log.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal,. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 1995. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

B MISSREGOASSUMPTA. "Rego, A.B., 1972 (Editorial Committee) Australia and New Zealand, Geography for Kenya Schools, KIE, Jomo Kenyatta Foundation, Nairobi.". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1972. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
B MISSREGOASSUMPTA. "Rego, A.B., 1975 "Chapter 15, The Weather Station", in A Guide to Fieldwork in Kenya, KIE, Jomo Kenyatta Foundation, Nairobi.". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1975. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
Njenga ST, Oboko RO, Muuro EM, Omwenga EI. "Regulating group cognitive conflicts using intelligent agents in collaborative M-learning." AFRICON, 2017 IEEE. 2017;38(43). AbstractFull Text Link

Group cognitive conflicts occur when a learner in a collaborative mobile learning environment becomes aware of a discrepancy between his/her existing cognitive framework and new information or experience. The cognitive conflicts stimulate the learning process by making an individual to move from his/her learning sphere and participate with others in the learning process. However, there is a big challenge on how students handle and resolve conflicts during collaborative learning. Intelligent agents have been used in this paper to provide support for group interactions by regulating the group conflicts. An experimental design with one control group and two experimental groups (role playing and guided negotiation) is used to compare levels of group knowledge construction. The findings showed improved levels of knowledge construction where regulated conflicts were used compared to where they were not used.

OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "'Regulating Technology: The Case of Computers in Kenya', in Juma, Calestous and Ojwang', Jackton B. (eds(: Innovation and Sovereignity: The Patent Debate in African Development (Nairobi, ACTS).". In: Chapter 3. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1989. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
"Regulation of Directors in Kenya: An Empirical Study." 13 International Company and Commercial Law Review 465; 2002. Abstract
n/a
Wien, H.C., S.C. Stapleton, D.N. Maynard, C. McClurg, and R.O. Nyankanga, Riggs D. "Regulation of female flower development in pumpkin (Cucurbita spp) by temperature and light.". 2002.
M MRSKITHINJIANGELA. "Regulation of MFIs: A Counterview, The Accountant,.". In: Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya,. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences; 2006. Abstract
Fourteen patients received oral premedication of temazepam in soft gelatin capsules before minor surgery. The plasma concentrations of temazepam and its sedative, anxiolytic and amnesic effects were measured for 24 hours. Absorption was rapid and peak concentrations occurred 49 minutes after administration. Clinical effects were evident at 30 minutes and persisted for about 4 hours. The decline in plasma concentration was biexponential with a distribution half-life of 1.24 hours. The end of the distribution phase coincided approximately with the termination of its clinical effects. A relationship between plasma concentration and effect was observed; concentrations above 300 ng/ml produced measurable changes in tests of mental function. Patients had recovered fully from the effects of temazepam after 24 hours. This dose of temazepam is reliable and effective as premedication before surgery
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. "Regulation of Monopolies, Restrictive Trade Practices and Prices in Ancient India, 14 Delhi L. Rev., Journal of the Faculty of Law, University fo Delhi, 104-115 (1992).". In: The Advocate Journal of the Law Society of Kenya, Nairobi, 20-26 (October 1993).; 1992. Abstract
n/a
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. "Regulation of Monopolies, Restrictive Trade Practices and Prices in Ancient India, 14 Delhi L. Rev., Journal of the Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, 104-115.". In: The Advocate Journal of the Law Society of Kenya, Nairobi, 20-26 (October 1993).; 1992. Abstract
n/a
Shanmugam KT, Chan I, Morandi C. "Regulation of nitrogen fixation. Nitrogenase-derepressed mutants of Klebsiella pneumoniae." Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1975;408(2):101-11. Abstract

1. A new procedure is described for selecting nitrogenase-derepressed mutants based on the method of Brenchley et al. (Brenchley, J.E., Prival, M.J. and Magasanik, B. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 6122-6128) for isolating histidase-constitutive mutants of a non-N2-fixing bacterium. 2. Nitrogenase levels of the new mutants in the presence of NH4+ were as high as 100% of the nitrogenase activity detected in the absence of NH4+. 3. Biochemical characterization of these nitrogen fixation (nif) derepressed mutants reveals that they fall into three classes. Three mutants (strains SK-24, 28 and 29), requiring glutamate for growth, synthesize nitrogenase and glutamine synthetase constitutively (in the presence of NH4+). A second class of mutants (strains SK-27 and 37) requiring glutamine for growth produces derepressed levels of nitrogenase activity and synthesized catalytically inactive glutamine synthetase protein, as determined immunologically. A third class of glutamine-requiring, nitrogenase-derepressed mutants (strain SK-25 and 26) synthesizes neither a catalytically active glutamine synthetase enzyme nor an immunologically cross-reactive glutamine synthetase protein. 4. F-prime complementation analysis reveals that the mutant strains SK-25, 26, 27, 37 map in a segment of the Klebsiella chromosome corresponding to the region coding for glutamine synthetase. Since the mutant strains SK-27 and SK-37 produce inactive glutamine synthetase protein, it is concluded that these mutations map within the glutamine synthetase structural gene.

Keya SO, Alexander M. "Regulation of parasitism by host density: The Bdellovibrio-Rhizobium interrelationship.". 1975. Abstract

Rhizobium strains of the cowpea group did not lose viability readily when added to soil, but Bdellovibrio acting on these rhizobia were found in 32 of 90 soils examined. Bdellovibrio did not initiate replication in liquid media at low host densities, but it did multiply once the Rhizohium numbers increased through growth to about 108 ml−1. From about 104 to 6 × 105 ml−1Rhizohium cells survived attack by the parasites in liquid media. In nutrient-free buffer, no significant increase in vibrio abundance was evident if the rhizobial frequency was low. whereas Rhizobium populations containing 6 × 108 cells ml−1 were lysed rapidly. Bdellovibrio did not multiply when introduced into sterile soil with small numbers of the host, but it replicated when the rhizobia were abundant because of the latter's use of soil organic matter for growth or because of the deliberate addition of 108Rhizohium g−1. Nevertheless, the host persisted in such vibrio-rich soil samples. The abundance of indigenous bdellovibrios increased appreciably in nonsterile soil if the rhizobia were introduced in large but not small numbers. It is suggested that a major reason for the lack of elimination of the host population in soil by its parasites is the need for a critical host cell frequency, large Rhizobium numbers being required for Btiellovibrio to initiate replication and low numbers of surviving hosts no longer being able to support the parasite.

joshua Kivuva. "regulations and syllabus for the degree of MPA at the Kenya school of Government." The Kenya School of Government; 2012.
Mwega F, Murinde V. "Regulatory Reforms and their Impact on the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the Banking Sector: A Case Study of Kenya.". In: Bank Regulatory Reforms in Africa. Palgrave MacMillan; 2012.
Obondo A, Karani A, Wagoro MA. "Rehabilitation and community mental health.". 200. Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon yet potentially life threatening condition which is often under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed because of the variability of the clinical signs and symptoms. The imaging findings are often subtle thus the need for a high index of suspicion. The superior sagittal and transverse sinuses are the most frequently involved. The correct diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis relies on neuroimaging studies. The two cases reported highlight the fact that the radiologist may be the first clinician to suspect and diagnose this condition. This ultimately affects prognosis as early diagnosis and treatment reduces morbidity and mortality.

Obondo A, Karani A, Wagoro MA. "Rehabilitation and community mental health.". 200. Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon yet potentially life threatening condition which is often under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed because of the variability of the clinical signs and symptoms. The imaging findings are often subtle thus the need for a high index of suspicion. The superior sagittal and transverse sinuses are the most frequently involved. The correct diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis relies on neuroimaging studies. The two cases reported highlight the fact that the radiologist may be the first clinician to suspect and diagnose this condition. This ultimately affects prognosis as early diagnosis and treatment reduces morbidity and mortality.

Obondo A, Karani A, Wagoro MA. "Rehabilitation and community mental health.". 200. Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon yet potentially life threatening condition which is often under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed because of the variability of the clinical signs and symptoms. The imaging findings are often subtle thus the need for a high index of suspicion. The superior sagittal and transverse sinuses are the most frequently involved. The correct diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis relies on neuroimaging studies. The two cases reported highlight the fact that the radiologist may be the first clinician to suspect and diagnose this condition. This ultimately affects prognosis as early diagnosis and treatment reduces morbidity and mortality.

Makori EO. "Reinventing Academic Libraries in Kenya." Library Hi Tech News. 2009;5-6:10-13.Emerald Insight
Owuor B, Okech-Rabah H, Kokwaro J. "Reinventing therapo-spiritual Fellowships: The “jolango” Luo independent churches." Mental Health, Religion and Culture. 2006;9(5):423-434.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "REITE, O.B., MALOIY, G.M.O. and AASEHAUG, B.(1974) pH, Salinity and temperature tolerance of Lake Magadi Tilapia grahami. Nature London 247, 315.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1974. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
Kaviti LK. "Rejoinder to Alina Rinkanya's Article on Sheng Literature in Kenya. A Revival?" Nairobi Journal of Literature-Department of Literature. 2006;4.
Othieno-Abinya N, Mwanda OW. "Relapse of Hodgkin's disease after 10 years of complete remission: Case report.". 1998. Abstract

A 17 year old male patient with nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's disease had a relapse of lymphocyte depleted type ten years after entering complete remission with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This is the first documented case in our experience of relapse after very long disease free interval. A review of the literature of late relapses in Hodgkin's disease is also presented. Relapses have been recorded from three years to twenty years, although few very late forms are registered. Long term follow up will be necessary to document the role of the different therapeutic regimen.

Mwanda O.W. ANO. "Relapse of Hodgkin's lymphoma after 10 years of complete remission. Case report. East African Medical Journal 1998, 75:3, 165-167.". In: East African Medical Journal 1999;76,11;610-614. MBA; 1998. Abstractrelapse_of_hodgkins_disease_after_10_years_on_complete_remission_case_report.pdf

Prior to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, one or two cases of adult Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) were seen annually at the Kenyatta National Hospital, the national referral medical center in Nairobi, Kenya. To investigate the influence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adult BL in Kenya, we conducted a national prevalence survey of all patients 16 years of age and older with BL. A systematic review of medical records of all patients diagnosed with BL between 1992 and 1996 was performed. The diagnosis of BL was based and confirmed on review of pathological material from time of original diagnosis. HIV serology was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Twenty-nine adult patients with BL were identified during the 5-year study period. Of these patients, 17 (59%) were males, 12 (41%) were females, and the median age was 26 years. Nineteen patients (66%) with BL were HIV-seropositive. The proportion of men was similar in HIV-seropositive and -seronegative patients (58% vs 60%). HIV-seropositive BL patients were significantly older than seronegatives (median 35 vs 19.5 years, p < 0.001). HIV-seropositive patients uniformly presented with constitutional or B symptoms and advanced BL accompanied by diffuse lymph node involvement, whereas the clinical presentation of HIV-seronegative patients during this time period was reminiscent of the "typical" endemic pattern of disease with complete sparing of peripheral lymph nodes. The overall survival of HIV-seropositive cases was significantly worse than that of the HIV-seronegative cases; median survival in the HIV-seropositive patients was 15 weeks. There is an approximate 3-fold increase in the incidence of adult BL during the time period of this study, which is attributable to the AIDS epidemic. In this setting, patients often present with disseminated disease, diffuse peripheral lymphadenopathy and fever, the latter two of which heretofore have been commonly associated with non-lymphoproliferative disorders such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases in Kenya. These observations warrant inclusion of AIDS-related BL in the differential diagnosis of the adult patient with unexplained fever and lymphadenopathy in Kenya. The corollary is that HIV infection is virtually excluded in an adult patient without peripheral lymphadenopathy and biopsy-proven BL. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

M DRININDAJOSEPH. "Relarionship Between ENSO parameters and the Trends and Periodic Fluctuations in East African Rainfall.". In: A Journal in Meteorology and Related Sciences. Kenya Met Soc; 2007.
O PROFORINDADA. "Related Articles, LinksMbiti MJ, Orinda DA, Ojwang PJ.Reference intervals for some biochemical parameters in the aged Kenyan population.East Afr Med J. 1994 Feb;71(2):84-7.". In: East Afr Med J. 1994 Feb;71(2):84-7. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1994. Abstract
Serum levels for sodium, potassium, calcium, inorganic phosphate, urea nitrogen and creatinine were determined in 1101 male and 181 female patients aged 50 years and above. The determinations were carried out on the SMA II (Technicon Instruments Corp. Tarrytown, NY 10591) with a view to establish the reference intervals for this age group. Quality control of the analytical methods was carried alongside with the determinations. The data collected was used to determine the reference intervals using a simple statistical method. The results indicate that sodium and calcium intervals are low with values of 131-142 mMol/L and 1.94-2.32 mMol/L respectively, in the aged Kenyan population as compared to subjects living in the temperate environment while the interval for inorganic phosphate is comparatively high with a value of 1.2-1.97 mMol/L. Reference values for urea nitrogen, potassium and creatinine were found to be similar to those quoted for caucasians.
Magoma G, Saidi H, Kaisha W. "Relation of the external laryngeal nerve to superior thyroid artery in an african population.". 2012. Abstract

The external laryngeal nerve runs parallel to superior thyroid artery and later crossing the artery either above or below the upper pole of the thyroid gland. This relatively high anatomic variability demonstrates inter-population differences. However, datum among the Kenyan population is lacking. Knowledge of normal and variant anatomy of these structures is important in surgical procedures within the neck. This study therefore aimed at describing the variant anatomical relations of the superior thyroid artery and external laryngeal nerve for the Kenyan population. Twenty formalin fixed cadavers obtained from the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi were dissected to expose the thyroid gland, superior thyroid artery and external laryngeal nerve. The relation of the superior thyroid artery to the external laryngeal nerve was noted. The external laryngeal nerve crossed the superior thyroid artery within 1cm above the upper pole of the thyroid gland in 25% of cases and more than 1 cm in 75% of cases. The level at which the external laryngeal nerve crosses the superior thyroid artery displays variations among Kenyans warranting care during surgical procedures of the thyroid gland.

Amuti TM, Butt F, Otieno BO, Ogeng'o JA. "The relation of the extracranial spinal accessory nerve to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the internal jugular vein. Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction." Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction. 2018;12(2):108-111. Abstract

The spinal accessory nerve (SAN) exhibits variant anatomy in its relation to the internal jugular vein (IJV) as well as the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). These variations are important in locating the nerve during surgical neck procedures to avoid its inadvertent injury. These variations, however, are not conserved among different populations and data from the Kenyan setting are partly elucidated. This study, therefore, aims to determine the variant anatomical relationship of the SAN to the SCM and IJV in a select Kenyan population. Forty cadaveric necks were studied bilaterally during routine dissection and the data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 21. Means and modes were calculated for the point of entry of the SAN into the posterior triangle of the neck as well as for its relation to the SCM. Side variations for both of these were analyzed using Student's t -test. Data relating the SAN to the IJV were represented in percentages and side variations were analyzed using the chi-square test. The SAN point of entry into the posterior triangle of the neck was 5.38 cm (3.501-8.008 cm) on the left side and 5.637 cm (3.504-9.173 cm) on the right side ( p  = 0.785) from the mastoid process. The nerve perforated the SCM in four cases (10%) on the left side and in eight cases (20%) on the right ( p  = 0.253). The SAN lay predominantly medial to the IJV on both sides of the neck, 87.5% on the left side of the neck versus 82.5% on the right ( p  = 0.831). In conclusion, the variant relation of the SAN to the IJV and SCM as observed in this setting is an important consideration during radical neck procedures and node biopsies.

Onjala J, K’Akumu O. "Relational patterns of Urbanization and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa." Development Southern Africa. 2016;Vol. 33(Issue 2).
Maleche Z. "RELATIONS BETWEEN REGIONAL PLANS AND OTHER DEVELOPMENT PLANS.". In: Training of Trainers (tot) Workshop on regional development policy and practices in Namibia: Phase VI: . RUNDU, NAMIBIA; 2011.
C.M. MM; GR;WO; HG &. "Relationship between Age Diversity and Employee Performance of Public Universities in Western Kenya. ." International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences . 2018;8(11).
& Origa JO, Nzuki PK, Bowa O, Gunga SO. "The Relationship Between Perceived Quality Dimensions and Growth in Distance Education Deta Conference.". In: Deta Conference .; 2013.
Kalai JM. "Relationship between administrative service quality and students’ satisfaction in public universities in Kenya. ." The Cradle of Knowledge: African Journal of educational and Social Science Research. 2018;6(1):20-30.
Gatumu HN, Kariuki SN, Kinai T, Aloka PJO, Ndeke SFN. "Relationship between Adolescents’ Perceptions of Their Parents’ Behaviours and 3 Youths’ Non-Illegal and Minor- Illegal Delinquency in Nairobi Secondary Schools, Kenya." Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2014;5(7):390-401.
Kinuthia JW, Odiemo L. "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ADULT EDUCATION AND SELF-ESTEEM OF WOMEN IN NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA." International Journal of Social Science and Technology . 2018;3(3):39-53.joyce_kinuthia-adult_education_and_self-esteem4._may_2018.pdf
Kiragu P, ADUDA JO, Ndwiga JM. "The Relationship between Agency Banking and Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya." Journal of Finance and Investment Analysis. 2013;2(4):97-117. Abstractthe_relationship_between_agency_banking_and_financial__performance_of_commercial_banks_in_kenya.pdf

Banking agents are usually equipped with a combination of point-of-sale (POS)card reader, mobile phone, barcode scanner to scan bills for bill payment transactions, Personal Identification Number(PIN) pads, and sometimes personal computers (PCs) that connect with the bank’s server using a personal dial-up or other data connection. This research used the descriptive design method using secondary data gathered from the commercial banks in Kenya that had adopted agency banking in Kenya. The population of the study was the 10 commercial banks in Kenya that had adopted agency banking by the end of 2012 namely Equity Bank, Co-operative Bank, KCB Bank, Post Bank, Family Bank, Chase Bank ,Consolidated Bank, Diamond Trust Bank, Citibank and NIC Bank. Annual reports on individual banks’ financial performance were used to extract financial performance indicators. CBK’s annual report and supervisory reports were also used to establish the number of agents registered and the total transactional value conducted through the agents. The variable of interests were the cash withdrawal and deposit transactions done through agents, number of active agents, return on assets, cost to income ratio and staff cost to revenue ratio.
JEL classification numbers: G24
Keywords: Agency Banking, Financial Performance and Kenya.

Aduda J, Kiragu P, Ndwiga JM. "The Relationship between Agency Banking and Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya." Journal of Finance and Investment Analysis. 2014;2(4):97-117. Abstractthe_relationship_between_agency_banking_and_financial__performance_of_commercial_banks_in_kenya.pdf

Banking agents are usually equipped with a combination of point-of-sale (POS)card reader, mobile phone, barcode scanner to scan bills for bill payment transactions, Personal Identification Number(PIN) pads, and sometimes personal computers (PCs) that connect with the bank’s server using a personal dial-up or other data connection. This research used the descriptive design method using secondary data gathered from the commercial banks in Kenya that had adopted agency banking in Kenya. The population of the study was the 10 commercial banks in Kenya that had adopted agency banking by the end of 2012 namely Equity Bank, Co-operative Bank, KCB Bank, Post Bank, Family Bank, Chase Bank ,Consolidated Bank, Diamond Trust Bank, Citibank and NIC Bank. Annual reports on individual banks’ financial performance were used to extract financial performance indicators. CBK’s annual report and supervisory reports were also used to establish the number of agents registered and the total transactional value conducted through the agents. The variable of interests were the cash withdrawal and deposit transactions done through agents, number of active agents, return on assets, cost to income ratio and staff cost to revenue ratio. JEL classification numbers: G24
Keywords: Agency Banking, Financial Performance and Kenya.

Katembu MS, Okunya LO. "Relationship between Alcohol Use Disorder and Expression Suppression among Youth Seeking Help in Rehabilitation Centers in Kiambu County, Kenya ." Triple A Research Journal of Social Science and Humanity . 2018;2(2).
W. DRGATHECELOICE. "Relationship Between Candida and Denture Habits Among Complete Denture Wearers.". In: 2nd International Association of Dental Research (IADR) African and middle East Regional conference. September 22-25 2009. M. Ndung; 2009. Abstract
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya. A case report is presented of a 53 year old man who presented with posterior dislocation of the hip after a road traffic accident. Initial management by closed reduction failed due to presence of an occult free intra-articular fragment. This fragment was not visualised on plain A-P and lateral X-ray views. The cause of the failed closed reduction was eventually detected by CT scan. Open reduction and removal of the bone fragment was done and the hip remained stable thereafter. It is concluded that plain X-rays are not adequate in the diagnosis of free intra-articular bone fragments within the hip joint and CT scanning is advised for accurate detection of such occult bine fragments.
Richard Bitange Nyaoga, Mingzheng Wang POM. "The relationship between capacity utilization and value chain performance: Evidence from Kenyan tea processing firms." African Journal of Business Management. 2015;9(9):402-411.
Wangui MS, ADUDA JO. "The Relationship between Capital Structure and Corporate taxes for Companies listed at The Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Finance and Accounting. 2016;1(2):18-37.
IRAYA MWANGICYRUS, Jerotich OJ. "The Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility Practices and Financial Performance of Firms in the Manufacturing, Construction and Allied Sector of the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology. 2013;3(2):81-90. Abstract

Literature provides conflicting results on the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) practice and firm financial performance with some studies showing a positive relationship (Waddock & Graves, 1997; Cheruiyot, 2010), others negative (Cordeiro & Sarkis, 1997; Wagner et al, 2002) and still others showing that there is no relationship between the two variables (McWilliams & Siegel, 2000; Aragon & Lopez, 2007). It is with this background that this study sought to establish the relationship between corporate social responsibility practice and financial performance of firms listed in the manufacturing, construction and allied sector of the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Although the study was meant to be a census survey, non-availability of complete data for some of the companies resulted in only 10 out of the 14 companies in the sector being studied. Secondary data was obtained from the audited financial reports of the companies for the period from 2007 to 2011. Corporate social responsibility score was obtained using content analysis of reports of the companies on various components of corporate social responsibility as reported in their audited financial reports. A multiple regression model was established to determine the relationship between the two variables. Control variables of manufacturing efficiency and capital intensity were also introduced in the regression model. The results indicated the existence of a relationship between the independent variables (corporate social responsibility score, manufacturing efficiency and capital intensity) used in the model and the dependent variable (return on assets) with a correlation coefficient of 0.870. The results of the study also showed that there was an insignificant positive relationship between corporate social responsibility practice and financial performance. Financial performance and manufacturing efficiency was found to have a significant linear inverse relationship.

O. PROFKOBONYOPETER. "Relationship Between Corporate Culture and Corporate Strategy.". In: Banking Times. Vol.2. pp.12-14.; 1995.
ADUDA JO. "The Relationship between Credit Risk Management and Profitability among the Commercial Banks in Kenya.". In: Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing. David Publishing Company; 2011.
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. "Relationship between Crime and Socio-Economic Factors, 4(1) Kenya Journal of Sciences, Series C.". In: Journal of the Kenya National Academy of Science Nairobi 20-43.; 1997. Abstract
n/a
Ogutu DA, Ogollah K. "Relationship between cultural beliefs and proportion of women in top leadership positions ." Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management (BAM). 2015;5(11):2251-1261.
1) Wachira T, Tanui EK, Kalai JM. "Relationship between Demographic Characteristics and Leadership Styles on Teachers Job Satisfaction in Primary Schools Kenya: A Case of Nakuru County." , International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2016;6(2319-7064 ).wachira_t.pdf
Golub G, Herman-Roloff A, Hoffman S, Jaoko W, Bailey RC. "The Relationship Between Distance and Post-operative Visit Attendance Following Medical Male Circumcision in Nyanza Province, Kenya." AIDS Behav. 2015. Abstract

To date, there is no research on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) catchment areas or the relationship between distance to a VMMC facility and attendance at a post-operative follow-up visit. We analyzed data from a randomly selected subset of males self-seeking circumcision at one of 16 participating facilities in Nyanza Province, Kenya between 2008 and 2010. Among 1437 participants, 46.7 % attended follow-up. The median distance from residence to utilized facility was 2.98 km (IQR 1.31-5.38). Nearly all participants (98.8 %) lived within 5 km from a facility, however, 26.3 % visited a facility more than 5 km away. Stratified results demonstrated that among those utilizing fixed facilities, greater distance was associated with higher odds of follow-up non-attendance (OR5.01-10km vs. 0-1km = 1.71, 95 % CI 1.08, 2.70, p = 0.02; OR>10km vs. 0-1 km = 2.80, 95 % CI 1.26, 6.21, p = 0.01), adjusting for age and district of residence. We found 5 km marked the threshold distance beyond which follow-up attendance significantly dropped. These results demonstrate distance is an important predictor of attending follow-up, and this relationship appears to be modified by facility type.

Nzioka S, Elly D. "The Relationship between Diversification Strategies and Capital Structure of Non-Financial Firms Listed At the NSE." African development finance journal. 2017;1(2):32-61. Abstract

Purpose-This study was carried out with an aim to analyze the effect of
diversification strategies on capital structure of non-financial firms listed at NSE. The
study focused specifically on analyzing the effect of product (related and unrelated)
and geographical diversification on capital structure.
Methodology-An exploratory study design was used to collect data, with the
population of the study being 64 firms listed in NSE. Out of the 64 firms, 41 non-
financial firms were selected as the sample of the study. Data was collected from
secondary sources, NSE and capital market authority. Data collected was analyzed
through STATA by the use of panel data regression analysis.
Findings- Related product diversification had a coefficient of 21.5(p-value=0.007)
indicating that it has a significant relationship with capital structure. The study results
show that debt is the most preferred form of financing in related product
diversification strategies. Unrelated product diversification had a coefficient of 22.7(p
value =0.006) indicating that it has a significant relationship with capital structure.The
findings of this study show that debt is the most preferred form of financing in
unrelated product diversification strategies. Geographical diversification had a
coefficient of 0.178 (p-value=0.799) indicating that it doesn’t have a significant
relationship with capital structure.Geographical diversification boosts the worth of
shareholders by taking advantage of specific assets and by accelerating functioning

FRANKLIN DROPIJAH. "Relationship between ENSO parameters and trends and periodic fluctuations in East Africa rainfall.". In: Experimewntal Mechanics. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 2007.
Chiao C, Morisky DE, Rosenberg R, Ksobiech K, Malow R, Ngugi EN. "The relationship between HIV/Sexuaily Transmitted Infection risk and alcohol use during commercial sex episodes: results from the study of female commercial sex workers in the Philippines.". 2011. Abstract

The results of this study will be particularly important in designing more responsive interventions for alcohol-related behaviour towards better control of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. This interesting finding involved a large sample size (1114 female commercial sex workers). geographical distribution (four provinces in the Philippines) and duration which were large enough for generalization. The authors re-demonstrate the association between alcohol use amongst female sex-workers and clients and HIV/sexually transmitted disease risk.

Kitaoka M, Mitoma J, Asakura H, Anyenda OE, et al. "The relationship between hypertension and health-related quality of life: adjusted by chronic pain diseases, and life habits in the general middle-aged population in Japan." Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. 2016;21(4):193-214.
Nyankanga RO, Wein HC, Olanya OM. "Relationship Between Incidence of Late Blight Tuber Rot, Foliage Blight Control and the Effect of Weather and Soil Variables.". 2008. Abstract

The relationship of late blight disease, tuber blight and the effects of weather and soil variables were determined at 2 distinct environments of New York and Kenya during 1999 to 2001. In well replicated field experiments at the two sites where A2 (US8 clone) and A1 (US1 clone) respectively are dominant, foliar and tuber blight development, climatic and soil variables were quantified during three cropping seasons. Variation in tuber blight in New York and Kenya was detected. Stepwise multiple regression and correlation analysis identified combinations of variables associated with tuber blight such as cultivar characteristics, soil temperature and precipitation events. The research results can provide insight into the dynamics of tuber blight infection processes and be useful for tuber blight management strategies.

Elly OD, Hellen KW. "Relationship between inflation and dividend payout for companies listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Education and Research. 2013;1(6). Abstractrelationship_between_inflation_and_dividend_payout_for_companies_listed_at_the_nse_2013.pdf

Earlier studies conducted have a mixed opinion on the effect of inflation on dividend payout. Due to the nominal increase in the volumes of money, which result from the increase in inflation, at least for a short run, some studies have concluded that inflation has a positive effect on dividend payout. However, in the long run, studies in general seem to show that the inflation rate and stock returns are negatively related. This study, which considers a sample of all the firms that consistently paid dividend between the year 2002 to 2011 and were listed at the Nairobi Security Exchange showed that, inflation rate has no impact on the dividend
payout. However, other variables considered, that is, the spot Dollar exchange rate to Kenya Shillings,
the Volumes of Money Supply and the T-Bill rate (91 day rate) show mixed results. The study reveals that, the exchange rate and the T-Bill rate have a positive correlation with dividend payout, while volume of money supplied has no impact on the dividend payout.
Key Words: Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), Dividend Payout, Inflation, Exchange Rate, Money Supply, T-Bill rate.

Elly OD, Hellen KW. "Relationship between Inflation and Dividend Payout for Companies Listed At the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Education and Research. 2013;1(6):1-8. Abstractrelationship_between_inflation_and_dividend_payout_for_companies_listed_at_the_nse_20131.pdf

Earlier studies conducted have a mixed opinion on the effect of inflation on dividend payout.
Due to the nominal increase in the volumes of money, which result from the increase in
inflation, at least for a short run, some studies have concluded that inflation has a positive
effect on dividend payout. However, in the long run, studies in general seem to show that the inflation rate and stock returns are negatively related. This study, which consider sa sample of all the firms that consistently paid dividend between the year 2002 to 2011 and were listed at
the Nairobi Security Exchange showed that , inflation rate has no impact on the dividend payout.
However, other variables considered, that is ,the spo tDollar exchange rate to Kenya Shilling
s, the Volumes of Money Supply and the T-Bill rate (91 day rate) show mixed result s. The study
reveals that, the exchange rate and the T-Bill rate have a positive correlation with dividend
payout, while volume of money supplied has no impact on the dividend payout.
Key Words:
Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), Dividend Payout, Inflation, Exchange Rate,Money Supply, T-Bill rate.

Elly OD, Hellen KW. "Relationship between Inflation and Dividend Payout for Companies Listed At the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Education and Research. 2013;1(6):1-8. Abstractrelationship_between_inflation_and_dividend_payout_for_companies_listed_at_the_nairobi_securities_exchange.pdf

Earlier studies conducted have a mixed opinion on the effect of inflation on dividend payout.
Due to the nominal increase in the volumes of money, which result from the increase in
inflation, at least for a short run, some studies have concluded that inflation has a positive
effect on dividend payout. However, in the long run, studies in general seem to show that the
inflation rate and stock returns are negatively related. This study, which considers a sample of
all the firms that consistently paid dividend between the year 2002 to 2011 and were listed at
the Nairobi Security Exchange showed that, inflation rate has no impact on the dividend
payout.
However, other variables considered, that is, the spot Dollar exchange rate to Kenya Shillings,
the Volumes of Money Supply and the T-Bill rate (91 day rate) show mixed results. The study
reveals that, the exchange rate and the T-Bill rate have a positive correlation with dividend
payout, while volume of money supplied has no impact on the dividend payout.

M DRININDAJOSEPH. "The Relationship Between Interannual Rainfall Variability over Western Kenya and the Southern Oscillation.". In: Journal of the African Meteorological Society. African Meteorological Society; 1999. Abstract
Western Kenya, which comprise the highlands west of the Rift Valley and the Lake Victoria basin, receive substantial amount of rainfall almost throughout the year. This region has therefore a high agricultural potential. The characteristics of rainfall in this part of the country are influenced by several factors, which range from meso-scale to global. One of the global teleconnection systems that influence the rainfall over this region is the Southern Oscillation (SO). The SO is an irregular, interannual and global scale see saw fluctuation in surface pressure between Indonesia and Southwest Pacific, and occurs at interval of 2 to 7 years. Both the rainfall and Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) data were obtained from the Drought Monitoring Centre (DMC) in Kenya. The Data consisted of monthly rainfall from 24 stations distributed over the region and the monthly-normalized SOI. The period of study was between 1957 to 1993. The seasonal data was derived from the data. The monthly and seasonal rainfall and SOI were subjected to correlation analysis. The t-test was used to determine the statistical significance of the computed correlation values. The spatial and temporal patterns of the correlation values were used to determine the nature of the relationship between the SO and rainfall over western Kenya during various months and seasons. Significant positive correlation values were observed during the months of July- September, while significant negative correlation values were observed during October-December. Low correlation values were however observed during January- May. The significant correlation values observed during July-September and October-December suggest that the SOI can be used as a predictor for the rainfall during these seasons
Oucho JO. "The Relationship between Internal and International Migration: Concepts, Methodology and Interpretation.". In: African Population Conference. Liege: IUSSP; 1998.
Nyamute W, Lishenga J, Oloko M. "The Relationship between Investor Behavior and Portfolio Performance at the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development. 2015;2(5):548-551. Abstract

Abstract
Extreme unpredicted momentum in global indices and security prices associated with uncertainty and
unexplained stock price movements have made life difficult for a rational investor who relies on market
fundamentals to make investment decisions. This study attempted to determine the contribution of
investor behavior in influencing investor portfolio performance at the Nairobi Securities Exchange using
a sample of 385 individual stock investors. The relationship between investor behavior and portfolio
performance was tested using multiple regression. The overall model was statistically significant
indicating that investor behavior influences portfolio performance with herding and disposition effect
having a positive effect on portfolio performance while overconfidence has a negative effect on
performance. The findings provide an eye-opener and basis of appreciation of the effect of behavioral
biases on the results of trading activities. Stock market players can use these findings to understand the
market dynamics and incorporate behavioral factors in analysing capital markets performance.
Keywords: Investor behavior, herding, overconfidence, disposition effect and portfolio performance

Nyamute W, Lishenga J, Oloko M. "The Relationship between Investor Behavior and Portfolio Performance at the Nairobi Securities Exchange." International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development. 2015;2(5):548-551. Abstractthe_relationship_between_investor_behavior_and_portfolio_performance_ay_nse.pdf

Abstract
Extreme unpredicted momentum in global indices and security prices associated with uncertainty and
unexplained stock price movements have made life difficult for a rational investor who relies on market
fundamentals to make investment decisions. This study attempted to determine the contribution of
investor behavior in influencing investor portfolio performance at the Nairobi Securities Exchange using
a sample of 385 individual stock investors. The relationship between investor behavior and portfolio
performance was tested using multiple regression. The overall model was statistically significant
indicating that investor behavior influences portfolio performance with herding and disposition effect
having a positive effect on portfolio performance while overconfidence has a negative effect on
performance. The findings provide an eye-opener and basis of appreciation of the effect of behavioral
biases on the results of trading activities. Stock market players can use these findings to understand the
market dynamics and incorporate behavioral factors in analysing capital markets performance.
Keywords: Investor behavior, herding, overconfidence, disposition effect and portfolio performance

M. MROBALALUKE. "The Relationship between Land Markets and Land Conflicts in Nairobi.". In: East African Medical Journal, 1989, 66: 757 - 763. UoN; 1979.
Oketch-Oboth JWB, Okunya LO. "The Relationship Between Levels of Stress and Academic Performance Among University of Nairobi Students ." International Journal of Learning and Development . 2018;8(4):1-20.oketch-_adjustment_ijessr_01_92-1.pdf
Ogilo Fredrick, Omwoyo Jeremiah ZO3. "The Relationship between Liquidity Risk and Failure of Commercial Banks in Kenya." Universal Journal of Accounting and Finance . 2018;6(1)(2018):7-13.
Munyasia EO, Ouma DO, Ochieng DE. "The Relationship between Lunar Cycle and Stock Returns in Companies Listed at Nairobi Securities Exchange." Research Journal of Finance and Accounting. 2017;8(20):95-103. Abstract

The belief that Lunar Cycle (LC) affects people’s mood and behavior stems from ancient lore. Various
psychological studies and behavioral business literature provide proof about effect of mood on the benefit prices.
Despite the effects of LC on people’s moods by international researchers, there has been no known study that
focuses on the impact of LC on stock returns at Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE). The purpose of this research
is to examine the association between LC and stock return among companies listed at NSE. This study adopts
descriptive research design and a sample of NSE 20-Share Index to meet the objective of the study. Secondary
data collected from NSE reports between 2010 and 2014 is analyzed using event study model and numerical
Package for the societal discipline evocative data and statistical association, and the significance of the findings
tested using t-statistic at 95% significance level. This study finds that stock returns increases throughout New
Moon (NM) and Full Moon (FM) phases compared to the normal trading days of the LC. Further analysis finds
that cumulative stock returns are higher during the NM dates. The p–value of -2.72 and -2.404 recorded during
NM and FM phases respectively deviates significantly from the t-significant rate of 1.943 under the degree of
freedom of 6, subjected to testing at 95% significance level. The results show that there exists significant
difference among mean value of stock returns during NM/FM phases compared to the mean return during
normal trading days. This study recommends that capital markets authority (CMA) and NSE comes up with
regulation which will edge lowest and highest price levels through FM and NM phases so that it can secure price
against manipulations and to protect investors against manipulations.
Keywords: Lunar Cycle, Stock Returns, Nairobi Security Exchange

Elly OD, Oriwo AE. "The Relationship Between Macro Economic Variables And Stock Market Performance In Kenya." DBA Africa Management Review . 2012;3(1):38-49. Abstractthe_relationship_between_macro_economic_variables_and_stock_market_performance_in_kenya.pdf

This study investigates the relationship between macroeconomic variables on NSE All
share index (NASI) and goes further to determine whether changes in macroeconomic
variables can be used to predict the future NASI. Three key macroeconomic variables
are examined and they include lending interest rate, inflation rate and 91 day Treasury
bill (T bill) rate. Secondary data for the periods March 2008 to March 2012 is collected
as follows; data for NASI was obtained from the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE),
data for inflation was obtained from Kenya National Bureau of Statistics and finally
data for lending rates and 91-day T Bill was obtained from Central Bank of Kenya
(CBK). The data is analysed using regression method. The lending rate is dropped from
the regression model since it is correlated with the 91-Day T bill rate. The findings in
the study indicate that 91 – day T bill rate has a negative relationship with the NASI
while inflation has a weak positive relationship with the NASI. Based on these findings,
the study recommends monitoring of the macroeconomic environment since the
changes in the macroeconomic variables has an effect on the stock market performance,
which also influences the foreign investor’s decisions in the local investments.

Cournil A, de Vincenzi I, Gaillard P, Cames C, Fao P, Luchters S, Rollins N, Newell M-L, Bork K, Read JS. "Relationship between mortality and feeding modality among children born to HIV-infected mothers in a research setting: the Kesho Bora study." AIDS. 2013;27(10):1621-30. Abstract

To assess the relationship between infant feeding practices and mortality by 18 months of age among children born to HIV-infected mothers in the Kesho Bora trial (Burkina-Faso, Kenya and South Africa).

Cournil A, de Vincenzi I, Gaillard P, Cames C, Fao P, Luchters S, Rollins N, Newell M-L, Bork K, Read JS. "Relationship between mortality and feeding modality among children born to HIV-infected mothers in a research setting: the Kesho Bora study." AIDS. 2013;27(10):1621-30. Abstract

To assess the relationship between infant feeding practices and mortality by 18 months of age among children born to HIV-infected mothers in the Kesho Bora trial (Burkina-Faso, Kenya and South Africa).

Reshid K;, Waithaka K. "The Relationship Between N, P And K Concentrations In Sweet Potato Vines And Dry Matter Accumulation In Vines And Tuberous Roots As Influenced By P Fertilization."; 1988. Abstract

Higher N concentrations in vines of 'Musinya' and 'Gikanda' cultivars showed a positive correlation with dry matter accumulation in the vines and a negative correlation with dry matter accumulation in tuberous roots during both seasons. Higher K concentrations in vines of both cultivars showed positive correlations with dry matter accumulation in tuberous roots and negative correlations with dry matter accumulation in the vines whenever the N concentration in the vines were substantially lower than the K concentrations. Phosphorus concentrations in the vines of both cultivars, however, showed cultivar differences in relationship with % dry matter accumulation in vines and tuberous roots during both seasons, though the relationships were weaker as compared to the relationships of N and K concentrations in vines and % dry matter accumulations in vines and tuberous roots.

MOCHACHE DRJASONMOSOMI. "Relationship between Non-Motorized Transport and the Urban Informal Sector Economy. Paper Presented at the workshop on Sub-Saharan African Transport Program Studies. The World Bank and UNECA, Milimani Hotel, Nairobi, 1993; Forthcoming in the African Urban.". In: Bristol University, UK, September 1989. University of Nairobi; 1983. Abstract
Seventeen cows of various breeds with varying degrees of severity of advanced ocular squamous cell carcinoma were treated by radical surgery, which included enucleation and extirpation of the surrounding ocular muscles and tissues. The degree of severity and the extent of the carcinoma lesion was correlated with the outcome of treatment for each case. It was observed that: 1. eyeball involvement, 2. ulceration and subsequent infection of carcinoma lesion involving the eyelids and 3. involvement of the regional lymphnodes especially the parotid , are some of the main factors that could be used to draw prognosis of such cases. Although the initial surgery may not be costly, the overall cost of managing postoperative complications is prohibitive and results to vast economic losses that should not be ignored.
O PROFBWIBONIMROD. "Relationship between nutrition and development in Kenyan toddlers. J Pediatr . 1989 Sep; 115 ( 3 ): 357-64 . PMID: 2769494 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Sigman M, Neumann C, Baksh M, Bwibo N, McDonald MA.". In: J Pediatr . 1989 Sep; 115 ( 3 ): 357-64 . Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 2008; 1989. Abstract

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine 90024-1759.

The relationship between mild to moderate malnutrition, as measured by food intake and anthropometric status, and developmental outcome was explored in 110 Kenyan toddlers. Developmental outcome was assessed at 30 months of age by the Bayley Mental and Motor scales and by evaluation of play behaviors. Verbalization and play during months 15 to 30 were also evaluated. Family background and home rearing conditions were assessed, and these variables were separated from the correlations between nutrition and outcome by partial correlation methods. Food intake was related to anthropometric status, play behaviors, and total amount of verbalization and play even when the potentially confounding effects of certain family background and home rearing variables were covaried. Food intake was not related to Bayley Mental and Motor scores, but measures of length and weight were, even when family background and home rearing variables were held constant. Mild to moderate malnutrition does appear to affect the child's development adversely even when other environmental characteristics, which also relate to development, are considered.

PMID: 2769494 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

l. ngesu, k.khanani, w. lydia. "Relationship between parenting styles and students discipline in public secondary schools in Machakos County: The naked truth." Africa and Competing Discourse on development.. 2016:220-225.
T
Muindi F. "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND JOB SATISFACTION AMONG ACADEMIC STAFF IN THE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI.". In: Journal of Human Resources Management Research. Nairobi; 2011. Abstractrelationship_between_participation_in_decision_making__and_job_satisfaction__among_accademic_staff_in_sob.pdf

This study examines the relationship between participation in decision making and job satisfaction
among academic staff in public University of Nairobi. This study was conducted on the positivism
approach to research. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of
the study was all non-management members of academic staff at the school of Business, University
of Nairobi. A structured questionnaire was prepared and distributed to all selected respondents.
The study comprised of two major variables, namely participation in decision making, which was
the independent variable and job satisfaction which was the dependent variable. A five point scale
was used to collect data and analysis was based on averages, percentage, correlation coefficient and
linier regression.
The findings indicate that a significantly strong positive correlation was found to exist between job
satisfaction and participation in decision-making (r=0.888). The findings indicate also a positively
strong correlation between participation in decision-making and job satisfaction in relation to
general working conditions (r=0.640); pay and promotion potential (r=0.703); use of skills and
abilities (r=0.895); job design (r=0.750); and job feedback (r=0.632). The findings indicate that the
level of job satisfaction for workers at the SOB increases proportionately with an increase in their
level of participation in decision-making.
Keyword: decision making, participation in decision making, job satisfaction

R
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "The Relationship between Population Employment and Economi Growth with an Illustration from Kenya. Population Employment and Economic Growth with an Illustration from Kenya. Prepared for the Rockefeller Founation Conference on population and Labour absorp.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1984. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
T
R
JAMES DRMWAURA, JAMES DRMWAURA, JAMES DRMWAURA. "Relationship between Psychoactive Substance use and High-risk Sexual Practices of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in Nairobi, Kenya.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal volume 33. National Nurses Association of Kenya; Submitted.
WENWA-AKINYI DRODINGA. "The Relationship Between Pyrethrins And The Yellow Pigmentation in Pyrethrum Flowers.". In: African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) Vol.4, No. 2, pp. 113-119. MBA; 2003. Abstract
o Odinga W.O, Angendu C: ;
M DRININDAJOSEPH. "Relationship between Rainfall anomalies in eastern and Southern Africa and El-Nino Southern Oscillation. Ibid.". In: Proceeding of the African Meteorology Society Conference. February 1993, Nairobi Kenya. Kenya Met Soc; 1989. Abstract
Meteorological elements are observed to display diurnal and/ or semi diurnal variability. Therefore the ability of the UK 11-level GCM to correctly simulate these diurnal variations of weather elements may be used as a measure of how realistic the model is compared to the real atmosphere. The model is forced by the diurnal variation of insolation. In order to study the diurnal cycle of the GCM, the simulated April 1986 sub-daily fields were kept, sampled at every 6 hours. All the data were instantaneous values, apart from rainfall, snowfall, evaporation and sensible heat fluxes which were each accumulated over each time step (10 minutes) for the 6 hours period. The variables were then averaged over the model month (30 days). The mean daily fields were computed separately for 0600 GMT, 1200 GMT, 1800GMT and 0000 GMT. The diurnal variation of three variables, namely; surface temperature, rainfall and wind were examined. The simulated surface temperature indicated similar diurnal characteristic as the observed. Thus there was an increase in temperature from morning to afternoon, followed by a general decrease at night. The simulated diurnal variation of the precipitation, particularly the afternoon maximum, was consistent with the general observed diurnal variation of precipitation over many areas in East Africa. The simulated wind anomaly vector was observed to rotate clockwise in the northern hemisphere and anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere. Such a diurnal behaviour of the wind has been observed in the real atmosphere. This characteristic is associated with the zonal movement of the region of maximum insolation (low pressure) from east to west.
Kamau JM, Maloiy GMO. "The relationship between rate of oxygen consumption, heart rate and thermal conductance of the dik-dik antelope (Rhynchotragus kirkii) at various ambient temperatures.". 1982. Abstract

The extent of cardiovascular adjustments to heat and cold were investigated between ambient temperatures of 5 and 45 degrees C by measuring conductance and the rates of oxygen consumption and heart beats. 2. Minimum heart rate was observed at 25 degrees C (114 +/- 9 beats/min). In the heat at 45 degrees C heart rate was observed to increase only slightly (127 +/- 12 beats/min) but in the cold -5 degrees C heart rate nearly doubled that at 25 degrees C. 3. Thermal conductance was on average 0.031 mlO2 (g. hr. degrees C)-1 below 25 degrees C but increased by more than 20 times at 40 degrees C. 4. A positive correlation between heart rate and rate of oxygen consumption was demonstrated below 25 degrees C and the relation may be of practical use.

Ndetei DM, Khasakhala L, Meneghini L, Aillon JL. "The relationship between schizoaffective, schizophrenic and mood disorders in patients admitted at Mathari Psychiatric Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.". 2013. Abstractthe_relationship_between_schizo-affective.pdf

The prevalence of schizoaffective disorder (SAD) and the relationship between schizophrenia (SCZ), SAD and mood disorders (MD) in non-Western countries is unknown. To determine the prevalence of SAD and the relationship between SCZ, SAD and MD in relation to socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic variables in 691 patients admitted at Mathari Psychiatric Hospital, Kenya. METHOD: A cross-sectional comparative study using both clinician and SCID-1 for DSM-IV diagnoses. RESULTS: Approximately twenty three percent (n=160) met DSM-IV criteria for SAD using SCID-1. There were significant differences between SCZ, SAD and MD regarding: affective and core symptoms of schizophrenia (with the exception of core symptoms of schizophrenia between SCZ and SAD); presence of past trauma; a past suicide attempt; and comorbidity with alcohol and drug abuse disorders. SAD and MD patients took significantly more mood stabilizers than SCZ patients. There were no significant differences between the three groups regarding socio-demographic variables, brief psychiatric rating scale scores, cognitive performance, anxiety and depressive symptoms, presence of obsessions, and usage of both antipsychotics and antidepressants. CONCLUSION: There is no distinct demarcation between the three disorders. This lends support to recent evidence suggesting that SAD might constitute a heterogeneous group composed of both SCZ and MD patients or a middle point of a continuum between SCZ and MD.

Dr. Susan Chepkonga PD, Dr. Justus Mochama Gori PD, Chelangat C. "Relationship Between Selected Life Skills Education Management on the Performance of Learners in Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Narok South Sub County, Kenya." International Journal of Education and Research. 2016;4(11):19-30.
Kinyari TN, White E, Sharma A, Morris M, Bukusi EA, Meier AS, Farqhuar C, Ngugi EN, Cohen CR. "The relationship between sexual partnerships characteristics and condom use among young female sex workers in Nairobi , Kenya (Manuscript under.". 1988.
T
R
Kimani G.N., M.W. G, B. N. "Relationship between SMASSE – trained Teachers’ Factors and Primary School Pupils’ Mathematics and Science Achievement in Murang’a County, Kenya." International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review. 2014;7(1. ISBN 2360-7866 ).kimani_4.pdf
Kariuki MI, Ogilo F, C.I. M. "Relationship between socio-economic characteristics and indebtedness of formal sector employees in Kenya." Scholarly research Journal for Interdisplinary Studies (SRJIS). . 2016; 4( 12): 2014-2029.
Nyanaro E, Elly D. "The Relationship between Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth In the East African Community." African development finance journal. 2017;1(1):110-132. Abstractthe_relationship_between_stock_market_performance_and_economic_growth_in_the_eac.pdf

Purpose – This paper investigated the relationship between the stock market performance and the
economic growth in the East African Community. The stock market variables considered in the
study were stock market capitalization, market liquidity and share price volatility. The GDP
growth was a used a measure for economic growth.
Methodology – The quantitative research methods were employed to define the nature of
relationship between the variables. The population of the study was the All-Share index in the 4
stock markets in the member countries. To fulfill the purposes under the research, the stock market
performance of the EAC member countries was collected from the Capital markets, EASRA and
the respective Stock Exchanges. Data for GDP growth was collected from the World Bank website.
The study employed the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model as well as the Granger test for
causality to estimate as well as provide evidence regarding the nature and direction of relationship
of the variables.
Findings - The study established an existence of long term relationship between the stock market
performance variables (market capitalization and liquidity) and economic growth in the East
African community. The study established that there was no relationship between the share price
volatility of the stock market and economic growth

K'Obonyo PP, Arasa DR. "The Relationship between Strategic Planning and Firm Performance." International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2012;Vol. 2(Special Issue):201-213. Abstract

Organizations from both the private and public sector are increasingly embracing the practice of strategic planning in anticipation that this will translate to improved performance. Past studies have mainly focused on the direct relationship between strategic planning and performance and did not give attention to the specific steps that make up the strategic planning process. The manner and extent to which each of the steps is practiced could have implications on the expected strategic planning results. This study examined the relationship between strategic planning and firm performance giving attention to the strategic planning steps. Correlation analysis results indicate the existence of a strong relationship between strategic planning and firm performance. Further, all the strategic planning steps (defining firm’s corporate purpose, scanning of business environment, identification of firm’s strategic issues, strategy choice and setting up of implementation, evaluation and control systems) were found to be positively related to company performance.

T
Oketch-Oboth JWB, Okunya LO. "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI STUDENTS ." International Journal of Education and Social Science Research . 2018;1(6).oketch-_adjustment_ijessr_01_92-1.pdf
R
Oduor J. "The Relationship between Syllable Weight and Stress in Dholuo.". In: Nilo-Saharan: Models and Descriptions. Cologne: Köppe; 2015.
Oduor J. "The Relationship between Syllable Weight and Vowel Processes in Dholuo.". In: Studies in Nilotic Linguistics, Volume 10: Information Structure and Nilotic Languages. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa; 2015.
Njogu RNE &, Kariuki DK, D.M. K, F.N. W. "Relationship between Tea (Camellia sinensis) Leaf Uptake of Major Nutrients, Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium (NPK) and Leaf Anatomy of Different Varieties Grown in the Kenyan Highlands." BEST: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicines and Sciencies (BEST: IJHAMS). 2014;2(8):95-102.
Kalai, J.M.& Kara AM. "Relationship between teaching quality and students’ satisfaction in public universities in Kenya." The Cradle of Knowledge: African Journal of educational and Social Science Research. 2018;6(1):63-78.
zipporah Onsomu. The Relationship between the Capital structure and the value of the firm. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2003.
and Digolo, P.O.O. MMDNJK. "The Relationship Between the Environment and Primary School readiness in Nairobi County: The Case of Pre-School Pupils." African Journal of Education and Technology. 2016;6(1):32-38.
M DRININDAJOSEPH. "The relationship between the global sea surface temperature anomaly patterns and the interannual variability of short rains over east Africa. In J. African Met Soc.". In: Journal of the African Meteorological Society. African Meteorological Society; 2002.
Kagira JM, Kanyari PN, Maingi N, Samuel Maina Githigia, Ng’ang’a C, Gachohi J. "Relationship between the Prevalence of Ectoparasites and Associated Risk Factors in Free-Range Pigs in Kenya." ISRN Veterinary Science. 2013;2013. Abstractthe_relationship_between_the_prevalence_of_ectoparasites.pdf

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites and possible risk factors in free-range pigs from 135 farms of Busia District, Kenya. Three hundred and six pigs were examined for presence of external parasites using standard parasitological methods. Data on management practices including housing and history of acaricide spraying were also collected. The ectoparasites found in the pigs were Haematopinus suis (96.1%), Sarcoptes scabiei (63.7%), and ticks (29.7%). The tick species included Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (70%), Boophilus decoloratus (31%), and Amblyomma variegatum (12%). The occurrence of the infestations was associated with age, being highest in sows (S. scabiei) and finishers (ticks and H. suis). Male pigs had highest prevalences of H. suis and ticks, while female pigs had highest prevalence of S. scabiei. The prevalence of the parasitic infestations was significantly ( ) associated with their origin being either lower (H. suis and S. scabiei) or higher (ticks) in pigs originating from divisions with high rainfall. Housed pigs had significantly ( ) lower prevalence of H. suis and ticks than those from households without pig housing. It is concluded that the free-range pigs have high prevalence of ectoparasites, and effective control strategies focussing on improved animal husbandry and acaricide use should be implemented.

Gachohi J, Chege N’ang’a, Samuel Maina Githigia, Maingi N, Kanyari PN, Kagira JM. "Relationship between the prevalence of ectoparasites and associated risk factors in free-range pigs in Kenya.". 2012. Abstract

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites and possible risk factors in free range pigs from 135 farms of Busia District, Kenya. 306 pigs were examined for presence of external parasites using standard parasitological methods. Data on management practices including housing and history of acaricide spraying were also collected. The ectoparasites found in the pigs were Haematopinus suis (96.1%), Sarcoptes scabiei (63.7%) and ticks (29.7%). The tick species included Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (70%), Boophilus decolaratus (31%) and Amblyomma variegatum (12%). The occurrence of the infestations was associated with age, being highest in sows (S. scabiei) and finishers (ticks and H. suis). Male pigs had highest prevalences of H. suis and ticks, while female pigs had highest prevalence of S. scabiei. The prevalence of the parasitic infestations was significantly (p<0.05) associated with their origin being either lower (H. suis and S. scabiei) or higher (ticks) in pigs originating from divisions with high rainfall. Housed pigs had significantly (p<0.05) lower prevalence of H. suis and ticks than those from households without pig housing. It is concluded that the free-range pigs have high prevalence of ectoparasites and effective control strategies focussing on improved animal husbandry and acaricide use should be implemented.

J. M. Kagira, P. N. Kanyari, N. Maingi, S. M. Githigia, Ng’ang’a C, J.Gachohi. Relationship between the Prevalence of Ectoparasites and Associated Risk Factors in Free-Range Pigs in Kenya.. Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2013.3_kagira_et_al_2013.pdf
Kagira JM, Kanyari PWN, Munyua WK, Waruiru RM. "Relationship between the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infections and management practises in pig herds in Thika District, Kenya.". 2008. Abstract

Thirty five (35) commercial pig herds in Thika District, Kenya were surveyed to determine the relationship between nematode parasitism and management practices. In each herd, faecal samples were collected from 25 pigs in all the age groups and examined for the presence of nematode eggs. Management factors of the herds were recorded by a questionnaire administered during visits and its association with the occurrence of nematode species examined using the chi-square analysis. High prevalence of the nematode was significantly (p<0.05) related to irregular worm control program, dung removal and disinfection. Other significant (p<0.05) factors were presence of non-concrete floors, lack of bedding, late weaning, small herds sizes and provision of low quality non-commercial feeds. These associations were most significant for the Oesophagostomum spp. The highest prevalences of Oesophagostomum spp/Trichuris suis, Ascaris suum and Strongyloides ransomi were recorded in farms using piperazine, levamisole and fenbendazole, respectively. The epidemiology of the gastrointestinal nematodes is discussed in relationship with the various management practices in different pig herds.

Wagaiyu EG, Nzioka BM, Nyaga JK. "The relationship between tooth brushing frequency and personal higiene habits in teenagers.". 1993. Abstract

A Survey of 904, 14•17 year old school children from secondary schools around Nairobi was dose to find out if there was any relationship between toothbrushing frequency and person •• 1 hygeine habits. The students completed a questionnaire anonymously in class. Female students brushed their teeth more often than the male students. 62.2% of the females and 50.1 % of the males brushed their teeth more than once a day. Of those students who brushed their teeth more than once a day, 52% bathed daily, 22% used perfumes/deodorants daily and 50.1 % always washed their hands after visiting the lavatory. No relationship was found between washing of hair and toothbrushing frequency, 69.7% males and 53.2% females gave toothache and toothdecay as the main reasons for mouth care. Those who brushed their teeth more frequently also visited the medical doctor regularly for routine check-ups. These findings indicated that toothbrushing was closely related to personal hygeine habits.

UoN Websites Search