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Book
Shagwira H, Mwema FM, MBUYA TO. Polymer-Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction: Theory, Preparation and Characterizations. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2021. Abstracthttps://doi.org/10.1201/9781003231936

This book presents the application of Polymer-Silica Based Composites in the Construction Industry providing the fundamental framework and knowledge needed for the sustainable and efficient use of these composites as building and structural materials. It also includes characterization of prepared materials to ascertain mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and analyses results obtained using similar methods. Topics such as life cycle analysis of plastics, application of plastics in construction and elimination of plastic wastes are also discussed. The book also provides information on the outlook and competitiveness of emerging composites materials.

Covers theory, preparation and characterizations of polymer-silica based composites for green construction.

Discusses technology, reliability, manufacturing cost and environmental impact.

Reviews the classification, application, and processing of polymer-silica composites.

Gives a deeper analysis of the various tests carried out on polymer-silica composites.

Highlights role of such composites in the Industry 4.0 and emerging technologies

The book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in civil engineering, built environment, construction materials, and materials science.

W.A. ODHIAMBO, S.W. G. Essentials of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma. A Manual for Undergraduate students. Nairobi: Jap Lambert Academic Publishers; 2018.
SWALEH AMIRI. Kosa la Nani? Na Hadithi Nyingine . Nairobi: Vide-Muwa; 2018.
N M, S S, Onyango, M G, Murila F, Gichangi. National Guidelines For The Screening and Management of Retinopathy of Prematurity. Nairobi: Ministry of Health Kenya; 2018.
Syomiti M, Kuria J, Wahome R. Effective Microorganisms as an Additive for Improving Feed Value of Maize stovers. LAMBERT academic Publishers, Germany; 2017.
Wakana, S., Siraishi, S., Ondicho, TG, eds. Re-finding African assets and City Environments: Governance, Research and Reflexivity. Tokyo: ILCAA & JSPS; 2016.
Gitao G, Kibore B, Sangula A. Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Kenya. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-330-01103-8.pdf
Saidi H, Gichangi P MAPK. Histology Module I: Basic Histology. Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
Murunga GR, Okelo D, Sjögren A. Kenya: The Struggle for a New Constitutional Order. London: Zed Books; 2014.
Saidi H, ONGETI K, Mandela P, Mwachaka P, Olabu B. Kiman's Histology Text and Manual. Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
Kisumbi BK, Simila HO, Osiro OA. DENTAL BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE: MODULE II - AUXILLIARY DENTAL MATERIALS. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2013.
S.M. M. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil; 2013.
Okeyo AM, Ibrahim MNM;, Ali, A; Bhuiyan AKFH;, Choudhury MP;, Sarker SC;, Islam F;. Morphometry and performance of Black Bengal goats at the rural community level in Bangladesh.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

Data on morphometrics and performance of 106 Black Bengal goats were collected through an in-depth monitoring survey conducted in 73 families of Gangatia, Borachala and Pachpai villages of Bhaluka Upazila, Mymensingh, Bangladesh using a structured

Gakunga, Daniel K, Brovermann S, Sadhna G. Promoting Girls Education in Kenya,WiserBridge Progamme in Muhuru Bay. Mauritious: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2013.
TIMAMMY RAYYA, SWALEH AMIRI. Riwaya ya Kiswahili (BSW 308) . Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Mbuthia E-DEM, Sanja E-ML. “Alionja Asali na hadithi nyingine” . Nairobi: Focus Publishers ; 2013.
Gakunga, Daniel K, Brovermann S, Sadhna G. Promoting Girls Education in Kenya,WiserBridge Progamme in Muhuru Bay. Mauritious: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2013. Abstract
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SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. Arabic Morphology.; 2012.
Shah P, mwaura F, Moronge J. Environmental Audits and Education Institutions. Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
Gregg W;, Steven D. Forest Landscape Restoration Decision-Making and Conflict Management: Applying Discourse-Based Approaches.; 2012. AbstractWebsite

Forest landscape restoration (FLR) aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human well-being in deforested or degraded forest landscapes. Despite its positive connotations, successfully implementing significant FLR will often involve considerable conflict. The purpose of this chapter is to present fundamental principles for managing FLR conflicts. The chapter portrays FLR as a social and political process in which there is no “single” correct view of reality: “good forestry” or “bad forests” are value-laden social constructions that transcend objective facts. If not recognized, this alone can lead to misunderstanding and conflict. Social constructions often emerge and evolve through public discourse – the verbal communication, talk, or conversation among people. Accordingly the discourse-based approaches to conflict management can contribute meaningfully to FLR. Examining the various discourses within a conflict situation can improve mutual understanding, reveal salient aspects of the situation, and strengthen relationships as a foundation for problem-solving. Masters of FLR conflict management must be able to: (a) read the cultural-institutional context, (b) understand people, and (c) create an environment of constructive communication, fair power distribution, and strong incentives.

CHAIRMAN PROFJOHNHURIANDERITU, MEMBER DRRONALDMAATHAI, MEMBER DRJOHNSHIUNDU, MEMBER MADAMBIBIANNEWANJA, MEMBER DRKIMAMOGITHUI, MEMBER DRPAMELAOCHIENG, MEMBER DRFRANCISMUREGI, PERSON MRMULATINYUKURIRESOURCE, PERSON PROFPAULOKEMORESOURCE, PERSON PRORAPHAELWAHOMERESOURCE, SECRETARY MRAFUBWAMUSUMI. TASKFORCE REPORT ON MKU POSTGRADUATE TRAINING . Nairobi: MKU; 2012.report_on_postgraduate_training_at_mku_updated.pdf
Oduor J, Jerono P, Sang H, Chelimo A. A Unified Orthography of Kalenjin Languages (Keiyo, Kipsigis, Marakwet, Nandi, Pokot, Sabaot, and Tugen). Cape Town: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Societies (CASAS).; 2012.
SWALEH AMIRI, Walibora K, P. I. “Utamu wa Msamaha” in Sina Zaidi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: arget Publications, ISBN 978 – 9966 – 002 – 77 - 8. Pp. 20 - 33; 2011.
Oketch(ed.)E, Siele N. Life’s Prescription: A Journey of Inspiration through Poetry. Nairobi: BlueBay International; 2011.
SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. Arabic Stracture.; 2010.
Ebrahim YH, Rukwaro RW, Sealey A. Building design and development 1: Thermal design. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
Ebrahim YH, Rukwaro RW, Sealey A. Building science: Thermal design. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
Ebrahim YH, Sealey A. Physical environment: Urban climatology . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
SWALEH AMIRI, Wamitila KW. A short story “Jinga Likierevuka” in Wali wa Ndevu wa Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide - M uwa Publishers. ISBN 99766 – 773 - 55 - X, pp. 105 - 124; 2010.
Schwartz A, Pertsemlidis D, Inabnet III WB, Gagner M. Endocrine surgery. Taylor & Francis US; 2010. Abstract
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Branthomme A, Bunning C, Kamerlaczyk S, Rodas R., Anyango SO, Situma C. Integrated Natural Resources Assessment Kenya: field manual . Rome: FAO; 2009.
Sihanya B. Combating Counterfeit Trade in Kenya.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

Product counterfeiting and trade in counterfeit products, labels and packaging involve imitation of genuine products that are marketed under brand names.3 Counterfeit products are becoming a major problem to consumers, innovators and traders in Kenya and globally. Such imitations are usually clones or falsified products, labels and packaging designed to look like those of genuine products. The aim is to confuse or deceive consumers as to their quality, source, origin or legitimacy. Counterfeits are manufactured, processed or supplied by unscrupulous traders who infringe and unlawfully apply other corporations’ or individuals’ innovations and intellectual property (IP).4 The basic thesis in this Chapter is that although there are short-term gains to consumers and the Kenyan economy from counterfeiting, the medium and long-term losses are massive. This Chapter adopts a three-pronged strategy on combating counterfeiting in Kenya. First, I evaluate the nature and extent of counterfeit trade in Kenya in the context of trade liberalization and the development of an information society. I also assess the effects of counterfeit trade on the various economic players including consumers, innovators, traders, investors, and the Kenyan Government. Second, I evaluate the intellectual property regime in Kenya and how IP can combat counterfeiting. I then carefully examine the anti-counterfeiting law and enforcement mechanisms in Kenya, including their effectiveness in addressing the problem. Third, I explore how that law can be reformed to ensure sustainable development by protecting innovators, consumers and other stakeholders.

Sihanya B. Copyright in E-Commerce and Music Industry in Kenya.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

This chapter analyses copyright in the context of e-commerce in Kenya. It explores whether the music industry in Kenya is sufficiently protected in the digital era by focusing on five interrelated themes. Part One explores the interrelationship between e-commerce and intellectual property in Kenya. It discusses e-commerce in the context of patent, trade mark, trade secret and domain names. Part Two, Copyright law in e-commerce. It introduces copyright law; copyright in musical works; music in the Internet; the music industry in Kenya; legal dimensions of online music; and the challenges facing the music industry in Kenya.. Part Three explores copyright enforcement in Kenya with respect to civil and criminal remedies for copyright infringement as well copyright management organizations. We conclude Part Four critically

SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. Fundamentals of Arabic Grammar.; 2009.
Siundu G. Imagining Home and Community in East African Asian Writings. Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller; 2009.
SIFUNJO DRKISAKAERASTUS. Public Finance, Open and Distance Learning Module,. University of Nairobi Press; 2009. AbstractWebsite

This study examined the RWH using the run tests, Ljung-Box statistics, and the unit root tests. The data covered the period starting January 1994 to June 2007 for the daily closing prices of the Ksh/UD dollar spot rate. The main finding of this study is that the RWH is strongly rejected at the 5% significance level. The results indicate that the rejections are due to autocorrelation in currency returns. The exchange rate tends to appreciate most of the time over the sample period. Therefore failure of the EMH could be due to exchange rate undershooting and overshooting phenomena. The unit root tests showed that the exchange rate data is non-stationary while returns are stationary. Therefore the evidence strongly suggested that the foreign exchange market is not efficient.

Kim S, Williams R, Cinque L, Shiundu PM. Size Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings.; 2009. AbstractSize Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings

This chapter begins with a description of some commonly used particle sizing techniques, their applicability to nanoparticles, and their advantages and disadvantages. A special emphasis is given to fractionation techniques and their ability to simultaneously characterize nanoparticles and isolate monodispersed fractions from polydispersed samples. The latter part of this chapter provides an in-depth discussion of sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) size analysis of nanoparticles used in coatings

SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. Al-Bustan.; 2008.
Sarkar S, Kiriti-Nganga TW. Gender Inequality in Developing Countries. New Delhi: Arise Publications and Distributors .; 2008.
K. JT, W M, F. A, Prabhu R, Shiferaw B, Gbegbelegbe S, Massawe S, Kyotalimye M, Wanjiku J, Macharia E. Responding to the food price crisis in Eastern and Southern Africa: Policy options for national and regional action. Entebbe: ASARECA; 2008.
Ebrahim YH, Szokolay SV. S.V. Szokolay's 1965 Memoirs: Acoustic design . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
Ebrahim YH, Szokolay SV. S.V. Szokolay's 1965 Memoirs: Lighting design . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
Schröder H. Word Order in Toposa: An Aspect of Multiple Feature-Checking. Arlington, US : SIL International and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 142; 2008.
Standring S. Gray's anatomy: the anatomical basis of clinical practice. 40th edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2008. Abstract
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Søren M, Lars S;. Guidelines for distribution of tree seed in small bags: small quantities and high quality.; 2007. AbstractWebsite

It has been assessed that the majority of trees planted in developing countries are planted by farmers. On-farm tree planting is likely to gain importance in the future as access to natural forests and trees is getting more and more difficult. On-farm tree planting, however, often suffers from lack of access to a diversity of high quality tree planting material. Quality tree seed are normally sold from major seed producers (national tree seed organisations) in a centralised manner, with only 1-3 outlets within the country, and often only in large quantities. Small holders cannot afford to travel long distances and need only small amounts of seed. Therefore the seed will have to be brought to the farmer

Søren M;, Lars S;. Guidelines for distribution of tree seed in small bags: small quantities and high quality.; 2007. AbstractWebsite

It has been assessed that the majority of trees planted in developing countries are planted by farmers. On-farm tree planting is likely to gain importance in the future as access to natural forests and trees is getting more and more difficult. On-farm tree planting, however, often suffers from lack of access to a diversity of high quality tree planting material. Quality tree seed are normally sold from major seed producers (national tree seed organisations) in a centralised manner, with only 1-3 outlets within the country, and often only in large quantities. Small holders cannot afford to travel long distances and need only small amounts of seed. Therefore the seed will have to be brought to the farmers

Kremmer E, Krämer PM, Weber CM, Räuber C, Martens D, Forster S, Stanker LH, Rauch P, Shiundu PM, Mulaa FJ. Optical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples.; 2007. AbstractOptical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples

An optical immunosensor (AQUA-OPTOSENSOR) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for the analysis of pyrethroids and DDT in river water and/or sediment, are described. The optical immunosensor consists of a bench-top optical read-out-device and disposable single-use sensor chips. ELISA was carried out in the coating antigen format. As examples, phenothrin (pyrethroid) and p,p'-DDT were chosen. Herein we describe the overall strategy, the set-up and principle of the immunosensor platform, and show representative results for immunosensor and ELISA analysis. The immunosensor employs fluorophore (Oyster®-645)-labeled monoclonal antibodies (mouse mAb Py-1 and rat mAb DDT 7C12), and makes use of the evanescent field, thus operating without washing steps. ELISA in the coating antigen format uses a second antibody labeled with peroxidase. Both, phenothrin and p,p'-DDT can be analyzed with these immunochemical techniques in the low ppb levels. Advantages and drawbacks of both immunochemical platforms are discussed.

Krämer PM, Weber CM, Kremmer E, Räuber C, Martens D, Forster S, Stanker LH, Rauch P, Shiundu PM, Mulaa FJ. Optical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples.; 2007. AbstractOptical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples

An optical immunosensor (AQUA-OPTOSENSOR) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for the analysis of pyrethroids and DDT in river water and/or sediment, are described. The optical immunosensor consists of a bench-top optical read-out-device and disposable single-use sensor chips. ELISA was carried out in the coating antigen format. As examples, phenothrin (pyrethroid) and p,p'-DDT were chosen. Herein we describe the overall strategy, the set-up and principle of the immunosensor platform, and show representative results for immunosensor and ELISA analysis. The immunosensor employs fluorophore (Oyster®-645)-labeled monoclonal antibodies (mouse mAb Py-1 and rat mAb DDT 7C12), and makes use of the evanescent field, thus operating without washing steps. ELISA in the coating antigen format uses a second antibody labeled with peroxidase. Both, phenothrin and p,p'-DDT can be analyzed with these immunochemical techniques in the low ppb levels. Advantages and drawbacks of both immunochemical platforms are discussed.

Gardner DG, Shoback DM. Greenspan's basic & clinical endocrinology. McGraw-Hill Medical New York:; 2007. Abstract
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J.S. S, S.M. M. Agricultural Investment in Eastern Kenya. Nairobi: Interregional Economic Network; 2006.
S MRWANYAMAJOSEPH. SEIZING THE NIGHT. Nairobi: Blue Hills; 2006.Website
Oyugi, Lutiali, Saka, Musumba. Au Sommet 3: Une approche Intégrée et communicative . Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2005.
Shrestha KB;, Jha PK;, Suman S. Commercial distribution of tree seed in small bags - results from a pilot and action research project in Nepal.; 2005. AbstractWebsite

Access to quality tree seed implies specific problems for tree planting farmers in developing countries. Since most of them are smallholders, they need only few seed. Distribution networks usually do not exist for such small quantities. In 2001 it was decided to test a new approach to distribution of tree seed on a pilot basis in Nepal: Commercial distribution of tree seed in small bags through commercial enterprises dealing with horticultural and agricultural seed. In Nepal, such enterprises are known as agro-vets. The development objectives were (a) to increase access to high quality tree seed for farmers, FUG and other small-scale tree-planters, and (b) to support the operations of two tree seed co-operatives, NAFSCOL-Kaski and NAFSCOL-Kabhre by contributing to their increased turnover. The research objectives were to assess the financial, viability and social biodiversity impact of the approach cf. the project description in annex 1. The pilot project ran from 2003-2004 and had two phases. During phase 1, the pilot project was prepared and implemented. Small bags were designed, produced and packed with tree seed from five different fodder species. Agro-vet dealers located in all the different regions of Nepal sold the bags. During phase 2, lessons learned from the pilot project were collected and analysed. Distribution channel: the pilot project confirms that agro-vets can work as channels for reaching small-scale tree planters. There is scope for developing the market further through advertisement and by targeting FUG more directly. Species: the project included five fodder tree species. The choice of these species was appropriate in the sense that the species sold well. Dealers and customers suggested more species to be included. Size of bags: two sizes of bags were produced and distributed with a view to testing which of them would be the most suitable. The smallest bags contained seed for 50 seedlings, the larger bags for 500. The smallest size appeared to be the most suitable, especially for private nurseries, farmers and other small-scale tree planters. The larger size was useful but not required for targeting large-scale tree planters. Design: dealers and customers appreciated the aluminium material and the colourful and attractive design of the bags. The design and the dealers helped convincing the customers to buy the seed. Information on the bags: the respondents found that the information printed on the bags was useful, but requested additional information on sowing season. Some dealers had ordered a second lot of small bags. These bags were not packed properly, which may have implied loss of credibility. Guidelines on germination: guidelines on how to make the seed germinate were elaborated as part of the project. Brochures containing the guidelines were added to the bags and distributed to dealers and other interested persons. Only few of the interviewed customers consulted the guidelines.

Subbo W, et al. Gender Training Manual. Nairobi: Catholic Secretariat; 2005.training_manual.pdf
Nyandemo S, Singh. Aspects of project planning, monitoring, evaluation and implementation. Bishen Sighn Publishers; 2004.
Kioko UM, Guthrie T, Lara G, Sumbana H, Phororo H, Kerapeletswe C, Fairstein C, Valdes A, Sotomayor J, Darce D. Funding the fight: Budgeting for HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries. ISBN 1-919798-71-4, . Idasa, Cape Town; 2004.
Skandalakis JE, Colborn GL. Skandalakis' {Surgical} anatomy: the embryologic and anatomic basis of modern surgery. Vol. 2. Athens, Greece: PMP; 2004. Abstract
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Nyandemo S, Singh. Managerial Economics, theory and Applications. Bishen Singh Publishers; 2003.
Subbo W. Gender training in and resource manual.; 2002. AbstractWebsite

Why a Christian Gender Manual The Church plays a pivotal role in contributing to a world where justice, peace, truth, freedom and solidarity prevail, a world where God reigns. Thus the Church is committed to protecting the dignity of women like any other human being. These include elimination of gender-based discrimination, exclusion and violence among others. Addressing gender is translating the Christian message of love of neighbor into action. This manual will guide users to address gender imbalances in the light of Christian virtues-the Social Teaching of the Church and to plan for active peace-building that will bridge the Gender Gaps and harmonise relations between women and men of God. It will assist development workers of the Kenya Episcopal Conference – Catholic Secretariat in particular and Church Organisations in general, to plan for interventions that will correct gender imbalances and lead to more equitable and sustainable human development. This manual is primarily meant for Catholic Development Workers and Trainers. It is envisaged that this manual: • Provide a comprehensive training for gender trainers that also takes into account vital African and theological perspectives. • Help promote gender awareness thus increasing he empowerment of the Family of God – both women and men.

K. M, Owiti O, Winnie Mitullah, Kiai W, Karuru N, Mbugua J, Sihanya B, P.K. M. Gender Dimensions of Politics, Law and Violenc e.; 2001.
Ikiara GK, Aura - Samanta ZO, Sen RK, C P. Industrialisation and Development: The Kenyan Experience.; 2001.Website
S MRWANYAMAJOSEPH. THE MYSTERIOUS KILLER. Nairobi: Africawide Network; 2001.Website
Nzomo M, MacLean SJ, Shaw T. Going Beyond "States & Markets" to Civil Societies.; 2000.Website
Mungai DN;, Suguna DO, Gachene CKK;, Gichuki FN;. Land and water management for sustainable agricultural production..; 2000.Website
Gachene CKK;, Suguna DO, Mungai DN;, Gichuki FN;. Land and water management for sustainable agricultural production..; 2000.Website
Mungai, DN; Gachene CKK;, Suguna DO, Mungai DN;, Gichuki FN;. Land and water management for sustainable agricultural production..; 2000. AbstractWebsite

The constraints on land use and water resources for sustainable agricultural production in Kenya were assessed during May to September 1992 using questionnaires and personal interviews along with existing secondary data using districts representative of the country as a whole. It is concluded that land use planning in Kenya is disastrous. A large proportion of good land is under commercial crops that are less important than food crops, from social and political standpoints. Soil degradative processes, other than accelerated erosion, should be given due attention. Erosion control measures should be evaluated for technical feasibility, economic benefit, social acceptability and environmental suitability. Soil erosion classification is required. Drainage and irrigation potentials are under-exploited, whilst fertilizer use on food crops is minimal. Due to maldistribution and mismanagement of land and water resources, low crop production per unit of land is common. It is recommended that techniques be developed to ensure sustained high productivity of land to satisfy changing needs without unnecessary opening up of new land

S MRWANYAMAJOSEPH. Mpuonzi's Dream, a Novel.. Nairobi: Africawide Network; 1999.Website
SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. How to nature our children properly.; 1996.
SWALEH AMIRI. Mwongozo wa Kifo Kisimani , Nairobi, Longhorn Publishers. Nairobi: ISBN – 9966 – 49 – 778 – 1.; 1996.
Ikiara GK, Masai WS, Teitel S, Soifer R. Technology and skills in Kenyan manufacturing:RPED Case Study Series.; 1994.Website
Masai WS, Ikiara GK, Soifer R, Teitel S. Technology and skills in Kenyan manufacturing:RPED Case Study Series.; 1994.Website
Sihanya B, Juma C. Policy options for scientific and technological capacity-building.; 1993. AbstractWebsite

The ability of policies on biodiversity prospecting to contribute over the long term to economic development, conservation and the equitable sharing of genetic resources is examined. Consideration is given to: national innovation policy and biodiversity, the linkage of biotechnology to biodiversity, biotechnology transfer, technology assessment, and blind alleys and windows of opportunity. The discussion underlines that biodiversity prospecting will not contribute much to developing countries unless it helps them accumulate technological capacity through training programmes and technology development through scientific innovation. In order that national biotechnology policies enhance biodiversity prospecting much attention needs to be paid to human resource development, technological innovation, legal and institutional reforms, biotechnology regulation and intellectual property management. The experiences of INBio (Costa Rica's National Biodiversity Institute), a pilot technology transfer project, are discussed

Khasiani SA, Sunny G. Women's role in the supply of fuelwood.; 1992.Website
Samanta P, Seshaman. Growth of the non - copper Industrial Sector in Zambia. University of Zambia; 1985.
Maloiy GMO;, Macfarlane WV;, Shkolnik A. Mammalian herbivores.; 1979.Website
Book Chapter
Shagwira H, Mwema FM, MBUYA TO. "Advances in animal/plant–plastic composites: preparation, characterization and applications.". In: Plant and Animal Based Composites. Berlin: De Gruyter; 2021. Abstract

This book chapter aims at exploring the preparation, characterization and applications of plant/animal fiber-reinforced polymer composites. The book addresses several key research work that have been happening as well as some of the drawbacks that affect the application of these composites in real-life applications. Each chapter begins with an overview of the various forms of plant/animal fiber-reinforced polymer composites, followed by examples of composites made up of plant/animal fibers and their promising future in terms of research and development and application in domestic and engineering products. Today, man has realized that if the environment is not preserved, the over-consumption of naturally existing resources and a drastic reduction in the amount of fresh air generated in the world would endanger him. Forest conservation and the efficient use of agricultural as well as other renewable resources such as solar, wind and tidal energy have already become critical issues globally.With this kind of concern, the utilization of renewable materials such as plant/animal fiber-reinforced polymeric composites is slowly becoming a key design requirement for the design and development of parts for a wide range of industrial products. An extensive research into such composites can, to an extent, lead to an even greener and healthier environment

Simila HO, Osiro OA, Kisumbi BK. "Dental Biomaterials Science (Module V): Advanced Dental Materials.". In: Dental Biomaterials Science (Module V): Advanced Dental Materials. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2021.
Shagwira H, Mwema FM, MBUYA TO. "Lightweight Polymer–Nanoparticle-Based Composites.". In: Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2021. Abstract

The increasing demand for eco-friendly materials in various fields including the construction industry has led to increased efforts toward the development of more materials to suit such fields. In this work, a specific review of polymer–nanoparticle-based composites is presented with an emphasis on the nano-silica reinforcements. A background on applications, processing methods, and state-of-the-art review of the subject is presented. It is noted that there is limited literature focusing on the recycling of polymers using silica nanoparticle-based reinforcements for the construction industry. Gaps in the literature are identified, and the direction for future research focus is presented.

A K, Folayan MO, Sabbah W, El Tantawi M, Ramos-Gomez F. "Country Profile of the Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Early Childhood Caries.". In: Country Profile of the Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Early Childhood Caries. Lausanne: Frontiers Media SA.; 2020.
"Kibet S, S C, Shackleton R, Schaffner U. "Managing native ‘bush encroachment’ in East African rangelands.". In: Restoring African Drylands. Wageningen: Tropenbos International, Wageningen, the Netherlands; 2020.
Segera D, Mbuthia M, Nyete A. "Particle Swarm Optimized Hybrid Kernel-Based Multiclass Support Vector Machine for Microarray Cancer Data Analysis.". In: Prime Archives in Medicine. Hyderabad (India): Vide Leaf; 2020.
Zalasiewicz J, Waters CN, Williams M, Summerhayes CP, Odada E, Wagreich M, Draganits E, Edgewor M. "7 The Stratigraphic Boundary of the Anthropocene.". In: The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit: A Guide to the Scientific Evidence and Current Debate. Cambridge University Press; 2019. Abstract

Here we outline the basis on which a formal proposal should be made for potential inclusion of the Anthropocene in the Geological Time Scale, examining the scale and rate of human change to the Earth System to help recognise the point at which anthropogenic impacts became of sufficient scale to allow discrimination of the Anthropocene as a geological unit. This examination covers such factors as impacts from early hominin species, the first human artefacts, early ecosystem modification through agriculture, deforestation, the domestication of animals, urbanisation, metal mining and smelting and early globalisation. The Industrial Revolution, starting in the UK in the 18th century, and the global Great Acceleration of the mid-20th century, are investigated, as both provide popular narratives that explain the Earth System changes indicative of the Anthropocene, with the latter producing the near-synchronous stratigraphic signals most consistent with an effective geological time boundary. We assess which hierarchical level–age, epoch, period, era or eon–seems most suitable for the Anthropocene, and suggest that epoch (= series) level is conservative and appropriate. The Anthropocene might be defined via a Global Standard Stratigraphic Age or a Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point, with the latter being most appropriate. Finally, we assess the kinds of geological environments, including anoxic marine basins, annually banded coral and bivalve skeletons, estuaries and deltas, lake floors, peat mires, anthropogenic deposits, polar ice, speleothems and tree rings, in which such a physical reference level might be placed.

A.W N, J.A O, D.O O, S C. "Khat (Catha edulis) Addiction, effects on general body health and interventional remedial measures.". In: Drug Abuse: Addiction and Recovery Volume 1 Chapter 4. Open access e-books; 2019.
Constance B, Makori EO, Sellina K. "Research Data Management and Scientific Evidence: A Strategic Imperative for SDGs.". In: Africa and the Sustainable Development Goals. New York: Springer International Publishing AG; 2019.
Okaru AO, Rehm J, Sommerfeld K, Kuballa T, Walch SG, Lachenmeier DW. "The threat to quality of alcoholic beverages by unrecorded consumption.". In: Alcoholic beverages. Woodhead Publishing; 2019:. Abstract
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Osiro OA, Simila HO, Kisumbi BK. " Dental Biomaterials Science (Module IV): Indirect Restorative and Prosthetic Materials.". In: Dental Biomaterials Science (Module IV): Indirect Restorative and Prosthetic Materials. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2018.
Sabiiti G, et al. "Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Suitability of Banana Crop Production to Future Climate Change over Uganda.". In: Limits to Climate Change Adaptation. Springer, Cham; 2018. Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine suitability zones of future banana growth under a changing climate to guide the design of future adaptation options in the banana sub-sector of Uganda. The study used high resolution (~ 1km) data on combined bioclimatic variables (rainfall and temperature) to map suitability zones of the banana crop while the Providing Regional Climate for Impacts Studies (PRECIS) regional climate model temperature simulations were used to estimate the effect of rising temperature on banana growth assuming other factors constant. The downscaled future climate projections were based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs, 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) and Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES, A1B and A2) across the period 2011-2090. The methodology involved identification of banana-climate growth thresholds and developing suitability indices for banana production under the high mitigation (RCP 2.6, less adaptation), medium mitigation (RCP 4.5 and RCP 6.0, medium adaptation), no mitigation (RCP 8.5, very high adaptation) scenarios, SRES A1B and A2 scenarios. The FAO ECO-Crop tool was used to determine and map future suitability of banana growth. Banana production indices were determined using a suitability model in the Geographical Information System (GIS) spatial analyst tool. The non-linear banana-temperature regression model was used to assess the impact of future changes in temperature on banana growth.

Shah P. "The urban future of food and nutrition security.". In: Food security, renewable energy and water: Insights on sustainability. Nairobi: University of Nairobi ; 2018.
SWALEH AMIRI. "“Kosa la Nani?”.". In: “Kosa la Nani?” Na Hadithi Nyingine . Nairobi: Vide-Muwa; 2018.
S MJ, M. G. "Conserving Forest Biodiversity through Value Chain Development: The Case Study of Karura Forest.". In: A review of best practices for selected biodiversity-based value chains that promotes pro-poor conservation in the Horn of Africa. NAIROBI: ICRAF; 2017.
Situma J, Ndohvu JB. "Poverty and Human Rights: Dimensions of Morals and Ideas.". In: Poverty and Human Rights: East African Experiences. Nairobi: Focus Publishers ltd; 2017.
A. K, SG. D. "Text Book of Paediatric Dentistry.". In: Text Book of Paediatric Dentistry. New Dehli: Arya (Med) Publishing House; 2017.
Mwirigi M, Nkando I, Olum M, Attah-Poku S, Ochanda H, Berberov E, Gerdts V, Perez-Casal J, Wesonga H, Soi R, Naessens J. "Efficacy of a capsular polysaccharide conjugated vaccine against Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia.". In: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology.; 2016.
Sakaja Y. "Management Information System Study Module.". In: Study Modules. University of Nairobi Press, Nairobi; 2016.
Mwirigi M, Nkando I, Aye R, Soi R, Ochanda H, Berberov E, Potter A, Gerdts V, Perez-Casal J, Naessens J, Wesonga H. "Experimental evaluation of inactivated and live attenuated vaccines against Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides.". In: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology.; 2015.
Rao, K.P.C., Sridhar, G., Mulwa, J.K, Kilavi, M.N., Esilaba, A., Athanasiadis, I. N., Valdivia RO. "Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agricultural Systems in East Africa.". In: Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: pp. 75-124. World Scientific Publishing; 2015.
Silvestrov K, Ogutu C, Silvestrov S, Weke P. "Asian Options, Jump-Diffusion Processes on a Lattice and Vandermonde Matrices.". In: Modern Problems in Insurance Mathematics. London: Springer; 2014. Abstract

Modern Problems in Insurance Mathematics. Springer, London, Chapter 20, pages 337 – 366, XIX, 387 pages.
Summary:
Risk is the uncertainty of an outcome and it can bring unexpected gains but can also cause unforeseen losses, even catastrophes. They are common and inherent in financial and commodity markets; for example; asset risk, interest rate risk, foreign exchange risk, credit risk, commodity risk. Investors have various attitudes towards risk, that is, risk aversion, risk seeking and risk neutral. Over the past few years financial derivatives have become increasingly important in the world of finance since they are kind of a risk management tool. A financial derivative is a financial instrument whose value depends on other fundamental financial assets, called underlying assets, such as stocks, indexes, currencies, commodities, bonds, mortgages and other derivatives (since we can have a derivative of a derivative). As an underlying asset one can also use a non-financial random phenomenon like for instance, weather conditions e.g. temperatures. Pricing derivatives accurately and quickly is important for risk management. This is important for both those who trade in derivatives and those who are willing to insure them. In this paper some lattice methods for pricing Asian options modeled using a jump diffusion process will be described. These methods can often be adapted to pricing of other derivatives or solving other types of problems in financial mathematics, for instance a jump diffusion process can be used to describe incoming claims to an insurance company, see [20].

Clet Wandui Masiga, Abdalla Mohamed, Sarah Osama, Abigail Ngugi, Dan Kiambi, Santie de Villiers, Ngugi K, Mugoya C, Rasha Ali. "Enhanced Utilization of Biotechnology Research and Development Innovations in Eastern and Central Africa for Agro-ecological Intensification.". In: Enhanced Utilization of BiotechnologyResearch and Development Innovationsin Eastern and Central Africafor Agro-ecological Intensification. Entebe: Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA); 2014.masiga_et_al_2014_enhanced_use_of_biotechnology_in_eca.pdf
Saidi, H OP. "Glandular Digestive System.". In: KIMANI’S HISTOLOGY Text and Manual . Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
Nic S, Muthumbi AWN, Sharma J. "Order Enoplida."; 2014.
Twikirize JM, Spitzer H, Wairire GG, Maboyo ZM, Rutikanga C. "Professional Social Work in East Africa: Towards Social Development, Poverty Reduction and Gender Equality.". In: Professional Social Work in East Africa: Empirical Evidence. Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2014.
Samuel Kiboi, Kazue Fujiwara PM. "Sustainable Management of Urban Green Environments: Challenges and Opportunities.". In: sustainable living with enviromental risks. tokyo heidelberg newyork dordrecht london: springer open; 2014.abstract_sustainable_living_with_environmental_risks.pdf
Ngowi HA, Mukaratirwa S, Lekule FP, Maingi N, Waiswa C, Sikasunge C, Afonso S, Sumbu J, Ramiandrasoa S, penrith ML, Willingham AL. "Agricultural Impact of Porcine Cysticercosis in Africa: A Review.". In: Novel Aspects on Cysticercosis and Neurocysticercosis. Jeneza Tirdine Rijeka, Croatia: INTECH; 2013.
Saidi H, Njuguna E MSWAO-ANAOAHIA. "Colon Cancer.". In: National Guidelines for Cancer Management Kenya . Nairobi: Ministry of Heath, Kenya; 2013.
Simila HO, Osiro OA, Kisumbi BK. "Dental Biomaterials Science (Module I): Basic Scientific Principles.". In: Dental Biomaterials Science (Module I): Basic Scientific Principles. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Kisumbi BK, Simila HO, Osiro OA. "Dental Biomaterials Science (Module II): Auxiliary Dental Materials.". In: Dental Biomaterials Science (Module II): Auxiliary Dental Materials. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Osiro OA, Simila HO, Kisumbi BK. "Dental Biomaterials Science (Module III): Direct Restorative Materials.". In: Dental Biomaterials Science (Module III): Direct Restorative Materials. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Saidi H, Njuguna E MSWAOAHIA. "Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST).". In: National Guidelines for Cancer Management Kenya . Nairobi: Ministry of Heath, Kenya; 2013.
Saidi H, Njuguna E MSWAO-ANAOAHIA. "Rectal Cancer.". In: National Guidelines for Cancer Management Kenya . Nairobi: Ministry of Heath, Kenya; 2013.
Onjala J, Ndiritu S, Stage J. "Risk Perception, Choice of Drinking Water, and Water Treatment.". In: Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series EfD DP 13-10 July 2013. Gothenborg Sweden: Environment for Development; 2013.water_risk_perception2013.pdf
Simionescu M, Sima AV. "Morphology of {Atherosclerotic} {Lesions}." In: Wick G, Grundtman C, eds. Inflammation and {Atherosclerosis}. Springer Vienna; 2012:. Abstract

Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial and multipart progressive disease manifested by the focal development within the arterial wall of lesions – the atherosclerotic plaques – in response to various deleterious insults that affect the vessel wall’s cells. Among the risk factors, as identified by classical epidemiology, there are dyslipidemia, vasoconstrictor hormones incriminated in hypertension, products of glycoxidation associated with hyperglycemia, pro-inflammatory cytokines and smoking, out of which the first is a prerequisite for the initiation and progression of about half of arterial lesions. In other instances, an inflammatory reaction induced by putative antigens that stimulate T lymphocytes, certain heat shock proteins, components of plasma lipoproteins, and potentially, microbial structures induce atherosclerotic plaque in the absence of systemic hypercholesterolemia [1, 2]. Thus, the process is more complex than previously thought. The conventional view that stressed the role of dyslipidemia in the generation of atherosclerosis was rounded by extensive evidence that inflammation is a key contributor to all stages of this disease, from the initial lesion to the ruptured plaque [2]. In all cases, the atheroma formation entails a progressive process in which the gradual implication of various cells and their secretory products define a sequence of events that leads from the fatty streak to fibro-lipid plaque, and ultimately to plaque rupture and atherothrombosis.

Yanda P, Wandiga S, Kangalawe R, Opondo M, Olago D, Githeko A, Downs T, Robert Kabumbuli, Opere A, Githui F, Kathuri J, Olaka L, Apindi E, Marshall M, Ogallo L, Mugambi P, Kirumira E, Nanyunja R, Baguma T, Sigalla R, Achola P. "Climate, Malaria and Cholera in the Lake Victoria Region: Adapting to Changing Risks.". In: Climate Change and Adaptation. Routledge; 2012. Abstract

In the East African countries, malaria is ranked as the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. It causes about 40,000 infant deaths in Kenya each year; in Uganda annual cases of malaria range between 6 to 7 million, with 6500 to 8500 fatalities, and in Tanzania the annual death toll is between 70,000 and 125,000 and accounts for 19 per cent of health expenditure (De Savigny et al, 2004a and b). In the case of cholera, the first epidemic in Africa was reported as far back as 1836 (Rees, 2000). Major outbreaks were next reported in 1970 and affected West Africa (Guinea), the horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) and Kenya (Waiyaki, 1996). The most severe cholera outbreak on the African continent was in 1998, accounting for more than 72 per cent of the global total number of cholera cases and acutely affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Cholera outbreaks in East Africa have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1972. In the Lake Victoria region of East Africa both malaria and cholera are common, with malaria endemic in the lowlands and epidemic in the highland areas and cholera endemic in the basin since the early 1970s (Rees, 2000).

Siundu G. "Gender Affirmation or Racial Loyalties? Women and the Domestication of History in Neera Kapur-Dromson’s From Jhelum to Tana.". In: Rethinking Eastern African Literary and Intellectual Landscapes. New Jersey: Africa World Press; 2012.
Schröder H. "Incorporated subject pronouns in word order typology.". In: Proceedings of the 6th World Congress of African Linguistics. Cologne : Rüdiger Köppe; 2012.
Sang' HK, Prisca J. "The Phonology of English Loan Words in Three Kalenjin Dialects.". In: The Harmonization & Standardization of Kenyan Languages. South Africa: CASAS; 2012.
Mohammed-Katerere, J.C., Mafuta, C., Abdulla, A., Ali, O.M.M., Mwaura F, and Sithole B. "Policy Options for Africa (Chapter 9).". In: In UNEP (2012) – Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) Environment for the Future We Want. Nairobi: UNEP; 2012.
Ananga AA, E CE, Ochieng JW, Kumar S, Kambiranda D, Vasanthaiah H, Tsolova V, Senwo Z, F KF, Anike FN. "Prospects for Transgenic and Molecular Breeding for Cold Tolerance in Canola (Brassica napus).". In: Oilseeds. INTECH; 2012.2012_oilseeds_by_intech_june_2012.pdf
Jenkins R, Njenga F, Okonji M, Kigamwa P, Baraza M, Ayuyo J, Singleton N, McManus S, Kiima D. "Psychotic symptoms in Kenya--prevalence, risk factors, and relationship with common mental disorders."; 2012.
Simiyu V. "Social Differenciation in Kenya since 1963.". In: Mizizi. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press-; 2012.
SG D. "Text Book of Paediatric Dentistry4th Edition, New Dehli, 2012, (Contribution to of chapter 28).". In: Text Book of Paediatric Dentistry. New Dehli: Arya (Med) Publishing House,; 2012.
Siundu G. "Metaphors and the Economy of Hope in Jared Angira’s Lament of the Silent & Other Poems.". In: East African Literature: Essays in Written and Oral Traditions. Berlin: Logoa Verlag; 2011.
Kiboi JG, Kitunguu PK, Angwenyi P, Mbuthia F, Sagina LS. "Predictors of functional recovery in African patients with traumatic intracranial hematomas."; 2011. Abstract

Head injury is a critical public health problem responsible for up to 50% of fatalities among trauma patients and for a large component of continuing care among survivors. Intracranial hematomas are among the most common clinical entities encountered by any neurosurgical service and have a very high mortality rate and extremely poor prognosis among traumatic brain injuries. The purpose of this study was to investigate reliable factors influencing the functional outcome of the patients with traumatic intracranial hematomas (ICHs). A retrospective analysis was conducted of consecutive patients presenting at the Kenyatta National Hospital between January 2000 and December 2009. Following ethical approval, the records of patients admitted to the neurosurgical unit and diagnosed with traumatic ICH were retrieved and reviewed. The outcome measure was the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score at discharge. Data were collected in preformed questionnaires, and the coding and analysis were carried out using SPSS, version 11.5. Of the 608 patients diagnosed with intracranial hematomas during the study period, there was a clear male predominance, with 89.3% male and 10.7% female patients. Majority of the patients (49%) were aged between 26 and 45 years, whereas 5.6% and 9.4% were younger than age 13 years and older than age 61 years, respectively. The most common cause of injury was assault (48%). Good functional recovery was achieved by 280 (46.1%) of the patients in our series, whereas moderate and severe disability accounted for 27% and 6.9%, respectively. Males were more likely to have functional recovery (46.4%) than were females (43.1%), though this finding was not statistically significant (P = 0.069). The proportion of patients who achieved functional recovery seemed to decrease with increasing age. Patients who were involved in motor vehicle accidents were less likely to have functional recovery (33.7%, P = 0.003) than those who fell (53.6%). There was a statistically significant difference in the proportion of patients who achieved functional recovery, with 65.2% of those who had mild head injury as compared to 46% and 15.1% (P ≤ 0.001) for those with moderate and severe head injury, respectively. Patients who had surgical intervention were more likely to achieve functional outcome (51.2%) as compared to 31.7% in those managed conservatively. Furthermore, the time elapsed from initial trauma to surgery significantly influenced outcome. The type of surgery done was not found to significantly influence patient outcome (P = 0.095). An increased risk of poor outcome occurs in patients who are older than age 61 years, have lower preoperative GCS scores, pupillary abnormalities, and a long interval between trauma and decompression. The findings would help clinicians determine management criteria and improve survival.

Ngugi RW, Sennoga E, Mohapatra S, Ratha D. "Remittances market in Uganda.". In: Remittance Markets in Africa. The World Bank; 2011.
P. R, Schagen VB, Chakeredza S, Njoroge K, Kamau H, Baena M. "Teaching Biodiversity: A curriculum Guide for Higher Education.". In: Biodiversity International, Rome Italy.; 2011.
Schröder H. "Do high-context cultures prefer implicatures?". In: Relevance Studies in Poland. Exploring translation and communication problems. Warsaw : Warsaw University Press.; 2010.
Shilabukha K. "The Persistence of Female Genital Cutting Among the Abagusii and Maasai Communities of Kenya .". In: A Tapestry of Human Sexuality in Africa. Action Health Inc; 2010.
Chung MH;, Drake AL;, Richardson BA;, Reddy A;, Thiga J;, Sakr SR;, Kiarie JN;, Yowakim P;, Stewart GJC. "Impact of Prior HAART Use on Clinical Outcomes in a Large Kenyan HIV Treatment Program."; 2009.
M. Hdedimbi, G.P.Kaaya, S. Singh, P.M. Chimwamurombe, G. Gindin, I. Glazer, SAMISH M. "Protection of Metarhizium anisopliae conidia ftom ultra-violet radiation and their pathogenicity to Rhipicephalus evertsi everstsi ticks.". In: In” DISEASES OF MITES AND TICKS, Eds.Jan Bruin, Leo, P.S van der Geest. Springer-Science + Business media; 2009.
Bishop RP, Odongo DO, Mann J, Pearson TW, Sugimoto C, Haines LR, Glass E, Jensen K, Seitzer U, Ahmed JS, Graham SP, de Villiers EP. "Theileria.". In: Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animal-Associated Microbes. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 2009.
Kiiru J, Mburu, Siddhartha S. "User Costs of Joint Liability Borrowing and their Effects on Livelihood Assets for Rural Poor Households.". In: Gender and Pro Poor Growth. New Delhi: Arise Publishers and Distributors; 2009.
Anyamba TJC, VDM V, Saarbrucken M. "Diverse Informalities."; 2008.
Mwabu G, Schultz PT, Strauss J. "Health Economics for Low-income Countries.". In: Handbook of Development Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2008.
N N, SW H. "Influence of Coloring Agents on the Properties of Polymeric Coating Systems.". In: Aqueous Polymeric Coatings for Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, 3rd edition. New York: Informa Healthcare; 2008.
Gor SO, Kiriti-Nganga TW, Sarkar S. "Regional Distribution of Income in Kenya: An Intra - Gender Analysis.". In: Gender Inequality in Developing Countries. New Delhi: Arise Publishers; 2008.
Brauch HG, Grin J, Mesjasz C, Behera NC, Chourou B, Spring UO, Liotta PH, Kameri-Mbote P. "‘Water and food security in the River Nile Basin: The perspectives of governments and NGOS of upstream countries.". In: Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concept. Berlin – Heidelberg – New York – Hong Kong – London – Milan – Paris – Tokyo: Springer-Verlag; 2008.
Kanyinga K, Sebastian. N. ". The Non-Profit Sector in Kenya: Size. Scope and Financing. – ISBN: 978 – 9966-786-01-5." University of Nairobi, IDS ; 2007.
Shilabukha K. "Indigenous knowledge, bio-diversity, technology and economic values: Rethinking the link.". In: The role of research and studies in the development of Africa and the African Diaspora. Lagos: CBAAC; 2007.indigenous_knowledge.pdf
Shivoga WA, Muchiri M, Kibichi S, Odanga J, Miller SN, Baldyga TJ, Enanga EM, Gichaba MC. "Influences of Land Use/ Cover on Water Quality in the Upper and Middle Reaches of River Njoro, Kenya .". In: Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management . Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty LTD; 2007. Abstract

Data from 10 sampling sites along the River Njoro are used to examine the contribution of nutrients from upstream land uses draining each of the sampling sites. The data also are used to assess whether both the proportion of land uses and the size of the subwatersheds account for the variability in water quality in the River Njoro watershed. Geographical Information System analysis was used to determine the spatial distribution of land-cover types and subwatersheds contributing run-off to the sampling sites in the River Njoro. Standard Digital Elevation Model-based routines were used to establish the watershed area contributing run-off to each sampling site. Water and sediment samples were collected for chemical analysis, and the nutrient levels were related to the upstream land-use types and the size of the subwatersheds. The mid-stream portion of the River Njoro (near Egerton University) accounts for the highest nutrient contributions. The percentage contribution is magnified by additions from industrial, human settlements and agricultural land uses around the University. There is a significant decrease in nutrient levels downstream, however, indicating natural purification as the river flows through an area of large-scale farming with intense, well-preserved riparian and in-stream vegetation. Steep slopes of the land upstream of Egerton University enhance erosion and nutrient losses from those subwatersheds. Mixed small-scale agricultural and bare lands contribute over 55% of the phosphorus load to the upper and mid-reaches of the River Njoro. The size of the subwatershed accounts for about 53% of the variability in the soluble phosphorus in the river. The land~use subwatershed proportions are important for characterizing and modelling water quality in the River Njoro watershed. Upland land uses are as important as near-stream land uses. We suggest that conservation of intact riparian corridor along the river and its tributaries contributes significantly to natural purification processes and recovery of the ecological integrity of the River Njoro ecosystem.
Key words: Ecological integrity, ‘natural purification, nutrient levels, riparian zone, subwatersheds, upland land use, water quality.

Siriba DN, Farah HO. "Land Management Information Systems in the Knowledge Economy: What options are there for Kenya.". In: Discussion and Guiding Principles for Africa - land management Systems in the Knowledge Economy. Addis Ababa: Economic Commission for Africa; 2007.
Shillington K. ""Urbanization, Housing and Environment".". In: (ed) Encyclopedia of African History. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers; 2007.
Atieno R, Shem AO. "“The Role of Social Policy in Development: Health, Water and Sanitation in East Africa”.". In: Social Policy in Sub-saharan African Context: In search of an Inclusive Development. UNRISD and Palgrave; 2007.
Okasha T, Mrumbi K, Kilonzo G, Musisi S, Szabo CP, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Aetiology in Psychiatry."; 2006.
Kilonzo G, Musisi S, Sebit MB, editor Ndetei, D.M., Szabo CP. "Anxiety and Adjustment Disorders."; 2006.
Shilabukha K. "Circumcision mask: Ingolole.". In: Hazina: Transittions, trade and tradtions in Eastern Africa. Nairobi and London: National Museums of Kenya and the British Museum; 2006.
Hogan NM, Kilonzo G, editor Ndetei, D.M., Sebit MB, Ongecha-Owuor F. "Ethics in Psychiatric Research."; 2006.
Hogan NM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kilonzo G, Sebit MB, Gakinya B. "Ethics in the Practice of Psychiatry and Mental Health."; 2006.
Othieno C, Abdelrahman A, Sebit MB, Musisi S, editor Ndetei, D.M., Ovuga E. "HIV/AIDS and Mental Health."; 2006.
Othieno C, Rono R, Sebit MB, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Memory and Forgetting."; 2006.
Ulzen TPM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Szabo CP. "Mental Retardation."; 2006.
editor Ndetei, D.M., Othieno C, Owiti F, Sebit MB, Kilonzo G. "Organic Psychiatry."; 2006.
Mburu J, editor Ndetei, D.M., Gakinya B, Ongecha-Owuor F, Musisi S, Kilonzo G, Szabo CP, Sebit MB. "Psychopathology."; 2006.
Mburu J, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kitazi N, Ongecha-Owuor F, Musisi S, Kilonzo G, Szabo CP, MB S. "Psychopharmacotherapy."; 2006.
M. K, S.M. M. "Rural livelihoods and land use.". In: Soil erosion and conservation in Western Kenya. Nagoya: Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University; 2006.
Othieno C, Abdelrahman A, editor Ndetei, D.M., Sebit MB, Musisi S, Szabo CP. "Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders."; 2006.
Mrumbi K, editor Ndetei, D.M., Szabo CP. "Sexual and other types of Child Abuse."; 2006.
Ndetei DM, Sartorius N, Khasakhala L, Ongecha-Owuor FA. "Stigma and Mental Disorders."; 2006.
Shivonga WA, Muchiri M, Kibichi S, Odanga J, Miller SN, Baldyga TJ, Gichaba CM. "Impact of land use on water quality in River Njoro Watershed, Kenya.". In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers. Wageningen- Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2005. Abstract

Keywords: upland land use, subwatershed, downstream water quality, riparian zone

INTRODUCTION

Water resources Within the River Njoro watershed have become degraded due to high population growth rate and change in land use upsetting environmental stability. Land cover classification using Landsat images (Baldyga et al., 2004) shows loss of about 20% of forested areas between 1986 and 2003 in the Watershed. The forested and large-scale farm areas have been converted mainly into srnall-scale mixed agriculture and human settlements. These changes have impacted negatively on the ecological integrity and hydrologic processes in the watershed (Shivoga. 2001) but little is known about the influence of specific land uses on water quality of the river.

Onyando JO, Okelo MO, Gichaba CM, Shivoga WA, Miller SN. "Micro-field assessment of soil erosion and surface runoff using mini rainfall simulator in upper River Njoro watershed in Kenya.". In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers. Wageningen- Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2005. Abstract

Keywords: rainfall simulator, erosion, run-off, agricultural land use

INTRODUCTION

Soil erosion and surface runoff are consequences of integration of several factors and processes within a catchment. The use of a rainfall simulator and run off plots provides a valuable research tool and are often used in soil erosion and surface runoff studies. Cheruiyot (1984) used this approach to study infiltration rates and sediment yield in Kiboko, Kenya. The present study used the same method but with a mini-rainfall simulator (Kamphorst, 1987) to study the effects of different land use treatments on soil loss and surface runoff.

Schröder H. "The relevance of verbal morphology in Toposa discourse.". In: Proceedings of 4th World Congress of African Linguistics (WOCAL. Cologne : Rüdiger Köppe; 2004.

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