Publications

Found 1786 results

Sort by: [ Author  (Desc)] Title Type Year
Filters: First Letter Of Last Name is S  [Clear All Filters]
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R [S] T U V W X Y Z   [Show ALL]
S
Saeki N, Rhoton AL. "Microsurgical anatomy of the upper basilar artery and the posterior circle of {Willis}." Journal of Neurosurgery. 1977;46:563-578. AbstractWebsite
n/a
Sádecký E, Brezina R, Kazár J, Urvölgyi J. "Immunization against Q-fever of naturally infected dairy cows." Acta Virol.. 1975;19(6):486-8. Abstract

Dairy cows infected naturally with Coxiella burnetii as evidenced either by presence of phase II agglutinating antibodies in the blood or by shedding C. burnetii in the milk, were vaccinated subcutaneously with formalin-killed phase I C. burnetii organisms. Attempts to demonstrate C. burnetii in the milk of vaccinated dairy cows 47 days after vaccination were negative, while continuous shedding of C. burnetii in the milk of control non-vaccinated dairy cows was repeatedly demonstrated in the course of 123 days (period of investigation). No harmful systemic reaction following vaccination was observed.

Sabuni Z A, Mbuthia P G, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W. "Prevalence of hemoparasites in indigenous chickens in Eastern province, Kenya. .". In: KVA annual scientific conference . Golf hotel, Kakamega, Kenya; 2008.
Sabuni Z A, Mbuthia P G, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W, C BL, N MJ. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infection in indigenous chicken in Eastern Province of Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2011;23.2011._prevalence_of_hemoparasites_infections_in_indigenous_chickens_in_eastern_province_kenya.pdf
Sabuni Z A, Mbuthia P G, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W. "Prevalence of ectoparasites in indigenous chickens in two agro –ecological zones, Eastern province, Kenya.". In: Annual KVA scientific conference . Golf hotel, Kakamega, Kenya; 2008.
Sabuni Z A, Mbuthia P G, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W, C BL, N MJ. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestation in indigenous free-ranging village chickens in different agro-ecological zones in Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2010;22.2010_prevalence_of_ectoparasites_in_chickens.pdf
Sabuni A, Maingi N, Njagi LW. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestation in indigenous free-ranging chickens in different agro-ecological zones in Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2011;22(11):1-11. Abstract

Abstract
Ectoparasitism is an important factor associated with poor production of village indigenous chickens. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in free ranging indigenous chicken from two different agro-ecological zones: Lower highland 1 (LH1) in Embu District and Lower midland 5 (LM5) in Mbeere District, Kenya. A total of 144 chickens of matched age (chicks, growers and adults) and sex groups were examined for the presence of ectoparasites. Of these, 138 (95.8%) had one or more types of ectoparasites, namely; lice, mites, fleas and soft ticks.

One thirty one birds had lice, 107 mites, 42 sticktight fleas and 8 had soft ticks. Of the 138 infested birds, 25 had single while 113 had mixed infestations. Lice were the most prevalent parasites. The study documents Epidermoptes species, Laminosioptes cysticola and Megninia species for the first time in Africa as well as Lipeurus caponis and Goniodes gigas in Kenya. All adult birds were infected with ectoparasites followed by 97.7% grower and 89.6% chicks. Both male and female birds had same prevalence (95.8%) of ectoparasites. Lower midland 5 had a slightly higher prevalence of ectoparasites (98.6%) compared to LH1 (93.1%) though not statistically significant. Parasite intensity was significantly different among age groups of chicken and between agro-ecological zones (p<0.05), but not between sexes of birds (p>0.05).

Because of the high prevalence of ectoparasites revealed by this study, it is imperative that integrated control strategies need to be put in place to improve chicken productivity and enhance smallholder livelihood in these areas.

Key words: Ages, fleas, intensity, lice, mites, sexes, ticks

Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., P.N. Nyaga, L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya.".; 2008.
Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., Nyaga, P. N., Njagi, L. W., Bebora LC, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of hemoparasite infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya.". In: The Kenya Veterinary Association Scientific Conference. Nakuru, Kenya; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga, P. N., L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka. JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestations in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W N;, L.C B;, J. N. M;, R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ, Mbuthia PG, Maingi N, Nyaga PN, Njagi LW, Bebora LC, Michieka JN. "Skin lesions associated with ectoparasitic infestation in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province of Kenya. ." Research Journal of Poultry Sciences. 2013;6:53-58.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W, Njagi; L.C, Bebora; J. N., Michieka; R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., P.N. Nyaga, L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga, P. N., L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka. JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestations in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga, P. N., L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka. JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestations in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W N;, L.C B;, J. N. M;, R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni ZA, Mbuthia PG, Maingi N, Nyaga PN, Bebora LC, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestation in indigenous free-ranging village chickens in different agroecological zones in Kenya.". 2011. Abstract

Ectoparasitism is an important factor associated with poor production of village indigenous chickens. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in free ranging indigenous chicken from two different agro-ecological zones: Lower highland 1 (LH1) in Embu District and Lower midland 5 (LM5) in Mbeere District, Kenya. A total of 144 chickens of matched age (chicks, growers and adults) and sex groups were examined for the presence of ectoparasites. Of these, 138 (95.8%) had one or more types of ectoparasites, namely; lice, mites, fleas and soft ticks. One thirty one birds had lice, 107 mites, 42 sticktight fleas and 8 had soft ticks. Of the 138 infested birds, 25 had single while 113 had mixed infestations. Lice were the most prevalent parasites. The study documents Epidermoptes species, Laminosioptes cysticola and Megninia species for the first time in Africa as well as Lipeurus caponis and Goniodes gigas in Kenya. All adult birds were infected with ectoparasites followed by 97.7% grower and 89.6% chicks. Both male and female birds had same prevalence (95.8%) of ectoparasites. Lower midland 5 had a slightly higher prevalence of ectoparasites (98.6%) compared to LH1 (93.1%) though not statistically significant. Parasite intensity was significantly different among age groups of chicken and between agro-ecological zones (p<0.05), but not between sexes of birds (p>0.05). Because of the high prevalence of ectoparasites revealed by this study, it is imperative that integrated control strategies need to be put in place to improve chicken productivity and enhance smallholder livelihood in these areas.

Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., P.N. Nyaga, L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya.".; 2008.
Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., P.N. Nyaga, L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya.".; 2008.
Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., Nyaga, P. N., Njagi, L. W., Bebora LC, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites in indigenous chickens in two agro-ecological zones, Eastern Province, Kenya.". In: The Kenya Veterinary Association Scientific Conference. Nakuru, Kenya; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga, P. N., L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka. JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestations in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W N;, L.C B;, J. N. M;, R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni ZA, Mbuthia PG, Maingi N, Nyaga PN, Njagi LW, Bebora LC, Michieka JN. "Skin lesions associated with ectoparasitic infestation in indigenous chickens in Eastern province of Kenya." Research Journal of Poultry Sciences. 2013;6(3):53-58.sabuni_et_al._2013-ectopara.lesions-research_journal_of_poultry_science.pdf
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W N;, L.C B;, J. N. M;, R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabo MC, Richardson BA, Lavreys L, Martin HL, Jaoko W, Mandaliya K, Baeten JM, Overbaugh J, McClelland SR. "Does bacterial vaginosis modify the effect of hormonal contraception on HIV seroconversion." AIDS. 2019;33(7):1225-1230. Abstract

A recent study of HIV serodiscordant couples found that depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) were associated with increased HIV risk in the presence, but not in the absence, of bacterial vaginosis. We assessed whether bacterial vaginosis is an effect modifier of the association between hormonal contraception and HIV seroconversion in female sex workers (FSWs) in Mombasa, Kenya.

Sabina Wakasiaka, Job Bwayo JN-AGOWJWWHO&. "Kenya AIDS Vaccine Initiative HIV Vaccine Peer Leaders’ Training Manual.". 2004.
Sabiiti G, et al. "Empirical Relationships between Banana Yields and Climate Variability over Uganda." J. Environ. Agric. Sci. 2016;7:3-13. AbstractResearchgate

Variations in weather and climate have a significant impact on rain-fed banana yields in East Africa. This study examined empirical linkages between banana yields and variations in rainfall and temperature over Uganda for the historical period (1971-2009) using time series moments, correlation and regression analysis. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Crop Water Assessment Tool (CROPWAT) was used to estimate banana crop water requirements, soil moisture deficits and their effects on banana yield levels under rain-fed conditions for different regions. The study observed high comparability in moment indices with some significant differences reflected in the values of the banana yields and rainfall and temperature moment indices. The cumulative effect of rainfall and temperature variations on banana yields was discernible from strong correlation coefficients of up to 78%. The CROPWAT simulations indicated up to 46% reductions in optimal banana yields due to soil moisture deficits within banana plantations. In conclusion, the study observed stronger linkages between banana yields and temperature variations than rainfall. In addition, temperature manifests both direct and indirect effects on banana growth while rainfall exhibits comparatively high intra-seasonal and intra-annual variability with lag effects on banana yields. The study provides a strong scientific basis for the development of coping, adaptation and mitigation strategies in the banana farming subsector in the region due to the anticipated shifts in rainfall and temperature extremes and changes across Uganda and neighbouring regions.

Sabiiti G, et al. "Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: Suitability of Banana Crop Production to Future Climate Change over Uganda.". In: Limits to Climate Change Adaptation. Springer, Cham; 2018. Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine suitability zones of future banana growth under a changing climate to guide the design of future adaptation options in the banana sub-sector of Uganda. The study used high resolution (~ 1km) data on combined bioclimatic variables (rainfall and temperature) to map suitability zones of the banana crop while the Providing Regional Climate for Impacts Studies (PRECIS) regional climate model temperature simulations were used to estimate the effect of rising temperature on banana growth assuming other factors constant. The downscaled future climate projections were based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs, 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) and Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES, A1B and A2) across the period 2011-2090. The methodology involved identification of banana-climate growth thresholds and developing suitability indices for banana production under the high mitigation (RCP 2.6, less adaptation), medium mitigation (RCP 4.5 and RCP 6.0, medium adaptation), no mitigation (RCP 8.5, very high adaptation) scenarios, SRES A1B and A2 scenarios. The FAO ECO-Crop tool was used to determine and map future suitability of banana growth. Banana production indices were determined using a suitability model in the Geographical Information System (GIS) spatial analyst tool. The non-linear banana-temperature regression model was used to assess the impact of future changes in temperature on banana growth.

Saatchi MR, Ayienga EM, Travis JR, Rippon F. "An expert system developed to assist digital electronics teaching.". 1998.Website
Saatchi R, Ayienga E, Travis J, Rippon F. "An Expert System Developed to Assist Digital Electronic Teaching." IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education. 1997;7(2):81-87.
SA O, PF M, GJ S, J M, S K, GA O, HD. S. "Plasmodium falciparum: evaluation of a quantitative nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay to predict the outcome of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine treatment of uncomplicated malaria.". 2005. AbstractFull text link

A quantitative nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (QT-NASBA) assay was employed to predict retrospectively the outcome of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) treatment of uncomplicated malaria in children aged <6 years in an endemic region. Blood samples were collected at initial diagnosis and during follow-up. Mutation-specific nested PCR methods to analyse DHFR (Arg-59) and DHPS (Glu-540) mutations that are associated with SP drug resistance were applied. Parasite genotyping was performed to distinguish between re-infection and recrudescence. Eighty-six patients were recruited of which 66 were available for follow-up. Nine children were classified as early treatment failure, 13 cases were classified as late clinical failure, 32 as late parasitological failure, and only 12 children had an adequate clinical and parasitological response. DHFR and DHPS mutations conferring SP resistance were abundant in the Plasmodium population. Blood samples obtained 7 days after treatment were used to predict retrospectively the outcome of SP treatment. QT-NASBA was able to give a correct prediction of treatment outcome in 85.7% of the cases. Positive predictive value (PPV) of QT-NASBA case was 95% (95% confidence interval = 88.3-100) and negative predictive value (NPV) was 63% (95% CI = 39.5-86.5). In contrast, microscopy correctly predicted outcome in only 37.5% of the cases. PPV of microscopy was 100% (95% CI = 73.9-100) and the NPV was 25.5% (95% CI = 13.0-38.0). The analysis of a day 7 blood sample with QT-NASBA allows for the prediction of late clinical or parasitological treatment failure in the majority of the cases analysed in the present study.

S1 A, GO O, E3 A, J4 K. "Profiles of vitamin D among patients with rheumatoid arthritis at the Kenyatta National Hospital." Department of Clinical Medicine and Therapeutics, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi,. 2021;1(1):23-27.
N
Nyombayire J, Anzala O, Gazzard B, Karita E, Bergin P, Hayes P, Kopycinski J, Omosa-Manyonyi G, Jackson A, Bizimana J, Farah B, Sayeed E, Parks CL, Inoue M, Hironaka T, Hara H, Shu T, Matano T, Dally L, Barin B, Park H, Gilmour J, Lombardo A, Excler J-L, Fast P, Laufer DS, Cox JH. "First-in-Human Evaluation of the Safety and Immunogenicity of an Intranasally Administered Replication-Competent Sendai Virus-Vectored HIV Type 1 Gag Vaccine: Induction of Potent T-Cell or Antibody Responses in Prime-Boost Regimens." J. Infect. Dis.. 2017;215(1):95-104. Abstract

 We report the first-in-human safety and immunogenicity assessment of a prototype intranasally administered, replication-competent Sendai virus (SeV)-vectored, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine.

S
S.W. M. Optimization of production techniques for structural bricks. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Building Research Centre; 2011.
S.W. M. Geometrical Imperfections in Structural Brickwork. London: City University, London; 1991.
S.W. M. Use of organic fibres and cement for repair and retrofitting of structural elements. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Building Research Centre; 2011.
S.W M, J.M N, B.K K, A.B K, T.M D, H.O S. "Is the Safety of Dental Amalgam Still in Question? A Literature Review." African Journal of Oral Health Sciences. 2015;2(2):3-9.
S.Senda T, Lance W. Robinson, K.K.Gachene C, Kironchi G, Doyo J. "An assessment of the implications of alternative scales of communal land tenure formalization in pastoral systems." Land use Policy. 2020;94.
S.S.Lekerpes, J.O.Junga, M.S.Badamana, D.I.Rubenstein. "Genetic polymorphism of beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan Small East African goat breed using PCR-RFLP and sequencing." Scientific Journal of Animal Science. 2014:233-239.
S.S.Lekerpes, J.O.Jung'a, Badamana MS, D.I.Rubenstein. "Genetics polymorphism of beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan small East Africa goat breed using PCR-RFLP and sequencing. ." Scientific Journal of Animal Science . 2014;3 (8):233-239.
S.S. S, KAYIMA JK, Oyoo GO, LULE GN. "Chronic kidney disease in rheumatoid arthritis at Kenyatta National hospital." African Journal of Rheumatology. 2016;3(1):14-18. Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease among patients with rheumatoid arthritis on follow up at the rheumatology outpatient clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.
Setting: Rheumatology outpatient clinic at the Kenyatta National Hospital, a public national and referral hospital.
Subjects: Patients diagnosed to have rheumatoid arthritis who met the 2010 ACR-EULAR criteria.
Results: Out of 104 patients recruited, 93 (89.4%) were female with a female to male ratio of 8.5:1. Mean age of patients was 48.7(±15.6) years. Majority of the patients (90%) were on at least one Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug (DMARD) with methotrexate being the commonest used. Other DMARDs were leflunomide, sulfasalazine and hydroxychloroquine. None of our patients was on a biologic agent. Use of NSAIDs and/or prednisone was very frequent (88.5%). Median duration of disease since time of diagnosis was 4 years. Majority of patients (60%) had active disease. We found the prevalence of chronic kidney disease to be 28.7% (95% CI 19.1- 37.2%) based on estimated glomerular filtration rate using the Cockroft-Gault formula. Majority (50%) of which was stage 3a disease and none with end stage renal disease. We found no patients with proteinuria using urinary dipstick.
Conclusion: Although we did not find any proteinuria in our study population, prevalence of chronic kidney disease based on estimated glomerular filtration rate was high with the majority having early stages of kidney disease. Use of urine strips alone is not an adequate screening tool.

S.O. ML, L.S O, F.K M, S.G W, J.O S, M L. "Kaposis Sarcoma in a transplant patient. African Journal of Medical Practice 2(3): 81-80, 1999." African Journal of Medical Practice 2(3): 81-80, 1999. 1999. AbstractWebsite

We present two cases of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), one a 35 year old male who first recognised his problem at the age of fifteen years and at the time of assessment, satisfied the National Institute of Health (NIH) diagnostic criteria for NF-1 and had a nodular plexiform neurofibroma involving the left fifth dorsal nerve root and a diffuse plexiform neurofibroma involving the left lower limb. The second patient, a 45 year old female recognised her problem at the age of 39 years, did not quite satisfy the NIH diagnostic criteria for NF 1 and had diffuse plexiform neurofibroma involving both lower limbs and buttocks almost symmetrically, a finding which has not previously been described to the best of our knowledge. The scarcity of management options are briefly outlined.

S.O. A, Tole M, Ojakoun C. "Ground water resources in Kwale district ." Coastal management series . 1997;volume 1.(1).
S.O. ML, J.S O, F.S R, E.o A, S.M M. "Renal vein and intracaval invasion by an adrenal phaechrocytoma with extension into the right atrium." African Journal of Health Sciences . 1996;13(2):60-63. Abstract

A 30 year old female with an unexpected right adrenal phaechromacytoma invading the renal vein, the inferior vena cava and extending into the right atrium is presented. She also had BuddChiari syndrome due to invasion of the hepatic veins by the tumour. Additionally, the tumour had metastasised to the liver and the lungs. Despite elevated 24 hour urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) the patient was normotensive pre-operatively. The patient underwent right adrenalectomy and extended nephrectomy with milking of the tumaur from the inferior vena cava. Unfortunately, the patient developed multiple hypotensive episodes and adult respiratory distress syndrome post-operatively and died three weeks after surgery.

S.O. ML, J.K K, J.S O, S.M M. "Chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in a patient with end stage renal disease following radiotherapy and surgery for transitional cell carcinoma." Nephron :,. 1996;74:495-496. Abstract

Renal transplantation is not readily available in the majority of countries in Africa. It is expensive and difficult to sustain on the meagre funds allocated to health. We report our short experience with fifteen living donor recipients followed in our unit for at least 24 months, range 26 - 48 (mean 35 months) post-transplantation. The donors and recipients were mostly young adults with mean ages of 36.7 years and 32.6 years respectively. The majority of the donors and recipients were males. The donors in most cases were siblings. Within this time, one graft has been lost at one year and the patient restarted on haemodialysis. Three patients died, two within the first year, the third at 23 months after transplantation, all with functioning grafts. The one year graft and patient survival rates were 93% and 86.6% respectively. The second year graft survival rates remained at 93% and the patients survival rate 80%. The nature and frequency of complications seen in these patients is comparable to those in other centres. Of all medical complications, bacterial infections contributed 69.4% of all infections. Cardiovascular complications comprised 31.25% of the complications. Hypertension seen in 85.5% of the patients accounted for 65% of the cardiovascular complications. Acute rejections were common and occurred in seven patients. Transplantation is a viable mode of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in our environment. The practice should be supported to make it more readily available to the many young end stage renal failure (ESRF) patients.

S.O K, J F, E. J DS. "MIRCENS: Catalytic tools in agricultural training and development.". 1986. Abstract

A global network of Microbiological Resources Centres (MIRCENs) , set up by Unesco, includes five centres concerned with biological nitrogen fixation. These centres are Kenya, Brazil, the United States and Senegal-train experts in the methods of Rhizobium inoculation, which when applied to certain leguminous plants can often avert the need to use expensive chemical nitrogen fertilizers in food crop production. The MIRCENs constitute an excellent example of international co-operation in science.

S.O K, N. K M, M. A A. "Population dynamics of soil microorganisms in relation to proximity of termite mounds in Kenya.". 1982. Abstract

Microbial populations estimated in termite-affected soils show that bacteria and actinomycetes are most abundant during the wet season. The highest density of bacteria recorded was 106 and, of actinomycetes, 105g dry soil. In contrast, fungi, which dominate only during dry periods, numbered 104 and declined to 102 cells/g dry soil during the wet period. Fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria and Protozoa were higher in 'dead' than in 'live' mounds. Counts of denitrifiers, ammonifiers, cellulose decomposers, nitrifiers and Protozoa were in the order of 103/g dry soil. The evolution of CO, was also related to microbial activities. This is the first time such information has been recorded for Kenyan soils. The study provides evidence that 'live' termite mounds differ from 'dead' ones in respect of the microorganisms associated with them.

S.O M. "Drug adherence or compliance." East African Medical Journal . 2009;86(11):497-498.
S.O O, Gichuki FN, S.C O;. ". Assessment of Low-head Drip Irrigation systems’ uniformity of application." International Journal of (IJSBAR). 2014;Volume 15(Issue-2).
S.O O, J.N M, R. T, M K. "African Images in Kithaka wa Mberia's Poetry." Asian Journal of African Studies, Institute of African Studies,Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. 2020;49(August 2020):3-28.
S.N.Wambugu, Mwangi PW, Mwonjoria J, Mathiu PM, Gakuya DW, Kanui TI, Kiama SG. "Antinociceptive properties of selected medicinal plants used in the treatment of chronic joint pains in Eastern Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
S.N. M, W.S O, K.G N. "Photo Catalytic Inactivation of Escherichia coli Using Titanium (IV) Oxide- Tungsten (VI) Oxide Nanoparticles Composite." International Journal of Photocatalysis. 2015;19:204-211. Abstractphoto_catalytic_inactivation_of_escherichia_coli_using_titanium__iv__oxide-tungsten__vi__oxide_nanoparticles_composite.pdf

This work focused on synthesis of Titanium (IV) Oxide and Tungsten (VI) Oxide composite and testing the composite as a photocatalyst in deactivation of Escherichi coli in water. Modified wet chemistry method was used and the synthesized nanoparticles calcined at 575° C, taken through XRay Fluorescence and X-Ray Diffraction. The result showed a particle size diameter of 18.99nm. The nanoparticles photocatalytic inactivation efficacy of Escherichia coli in water was tested. 3M Petrifilms from 3M Microbiology Products, U.S.A., was used for Escherichia coli colony forming units’ counts. ATUV 8W G8 T5 lamp from PHILIPS emitting between 350-600nm was used as energy source. The catalyst reduced Escherichia coli count by log 3.415 at an optimum catalyst amount of 0.75 g/L at pH 7.3 using the Chick-Watson model for disinfection kinetics. This work proved that photocatalysis is a promising technology in water purification with possible and practical opportunities existing especially for small-scale point-of-use water purification units where potable water could be treated for disinfection of pathogens or trace priority pollutants remaining in water distribution network after conventional treatment methods. This work proved that nano particles can provide solutions in treatment of drinking water especially for poor communities living in the tropics.

S.N M, Maalu J, Syengo FK, Musyoka F. "Implementation of Subsidized Secondary Education in Mombasa County in Kenya: A Perspective of the Schools Administrators." Prime Journal of Social Science (PJSS). 2015;4(6):1086-1092.
S.M.Kihu, Gachohi JM, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG. "Analysis of small ruminants’ pastoral management practices as risk factors of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) spread in Turkana District, Kenya." Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences. 2013;3(9):304-313.pub_2_kihu_et_al_303-314.pdf
S.M.1 G, J.W.2 M, R.D.2 N, J.H.2 N, F.M.2 O, J.M.3 W. "Management of thrips (Thrips tabaci) in bulb onion by use of vegetable intercrops." International Journal of AgriScience Vol. 2(5): 393-402, May 2012. 2012;2(5):393-402.management_of_thrips_in_bulb_onion_by_use_of_veg_intercrops.
S.M. Kivai, P.K. Muoria BA, Oguge N. "Activity budget and group dynamics in Grevy’s zebra on Samburu rangelands, Kenya." Discovery and Innovations (Special Edition No. 2) 19: S 162-169; 2007. Abstract
n/a
S.M. King'uyu OLA, et al. "Recent Trends of Minimum and Maximum Temperatures over Eastern Africa." Journal of Climate. 2000;Americam Meteorological Society.
S.M. M, Z.P. Q, J. K. "Emergency preparedness among antenatal clients at Kenyatta National Hospital." J. Obst. Gynae. East Central. Afr.. 2008;20(1):4-12 . Abstract

Background
All women are at risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery. Most complications cannot be predicted and therefore all pregnant women should be prepared to respond appropriately when complications arise. Such advance preparations can help prevent life threatening delays in recognizing and responding to complications.
According to Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS) 2003, majority of women (60%) still deliver at home where skilled care is not available and if a complication arise it may be disastrous.
Emphasis on emergency preparedness during antenatal care is a cost effective intervention, which can thus reduce maternal deaths and morbidity by avoiding delays at decision making and transport to health facilities in the event of obstetric emergencies.

Objective: To evaluate emergency preparedness among antenatal care clients at Kenyatta National Hospital.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study done at the antenatal care clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital. A total of 394 women attending antenatal care at Kenyatta National hospital were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire between May 2006 and August 2006. Clients who were above 32 weeks gestation and had attended the clinic more than twice were recruited. Systematic sampling was used to select the study participants with every third client being interviewed.

Results: The mean age of the respondents was 28.4 years with a range of 18-42 years. All the respondents had formal education, 91.7% were married and 41.1% were employed. Over 60% of the respondents were informed by health workers about danger signs in pregnancy. A third of the respondents knew at least one danger sign in pregnancy while only 6.9% knew of three or more danger signs. Only 62.9% of the respondents had funds set aside for emergency purposes. 10.9& of the respondents did not have a clear plan of what to do incase of an obstetric emergency. Level of education positively influenced knowledge of danger signs.

Conclusion
Education and counseling on danger signs was not provided to all clients. Respondents’ knowledge of danger signs in pregnancy was low. Most respondents did not have plans for emergencies.

S.M. M. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil; 2013.
S.M. M. "The Role of Commercial Agriculture in Wealth Creation in East Africa.". In: East African Media training. Nairobi; 2004.
S.M. M. "Drug and Substance Abuse among Children and Teenagers.". In: Primary School Teacher Counselors. Mombasa; 2004.
S.M G, Larsen M, Thamsborf SM, Nansen P. "The effect of duddingtonia Flagrans on naturally acquired ovine nematode infections.". 1998;23:106. Abstract

The ability of the nematode destroying fungus Duddingtonia flagrans (DSM 6703) to control naturally acquired ovine nematode infections was evaluated using four groups of 8 parasite-naïve lambs which were turned out on infected paddocks. Two groups (F1+2) received Duddingtonia flagrans mixed in 100 grams barley while the other two (C1 +2) received barley only. All groups remained set stocked until slaughter.

The faecal egg counts were comparable for the 2 treatments throughout the grazing period. Larval development of Ostertagia/Trichostrongylus spp. in faecal cultures was 1 – 28% in the fungal fed groups capred with 60-80% in the untreated groups(p-0.05). in September, pasture larval counts of Ostertagia spp. were 62% lower in the fungi fed groups compared with the untreated groups (p-0.05). Four parasite free lambs were introduced to each paddock in October o monitor any differences in pasture infectivity and slaughtered for worm counts after 3 weeks of housing. The total worm burden of traces on paddocks previously grazed by fungi-fed lambs was reduced 86% (p-0.05); geometric means) compared with control groups, while significant reductions were also seen in abomasal worm counts (6;8%; p-0.05).

S.M KISIA, I.O JUMBA, R.A KOCK. "The waterbuck Kobus Ellipsipyrmniss defassa (Ruppel 1835) as an indicator of ecosystem health in the Central Rift Valley Lake Systems of Kenya.". In: Afr. J. Ecology 40, 1-3. Association of Africa Universities; 2002. Abstract

Introduction
The use of free ranging mammals in monitoring ecosys-tem health has been suggested (Costanza, Norton & Haskell, 1992). In Lake Nakuru National Park of Kenya, a high frequency of dental abnormalities has been reported in the waterbuck (Foley & Atkinson, 1984). This was attributed to inbreeding and increased homozyg-osity, which led to a higher frequency of genetic abnor¬malities. It was also noted that waterbuck in the north¬eastern part were in poorer body condition than in other parts of the park (Kock et al, 1994). Maskall & Thornton (1989) carried out a study of the mineral status of soils in the park, which showed some def¬iciencies. Because the waterbuck is territorial and has a small feeding range, an environmental factor, amongst others, might also play a role in the poor health status of the antelope in the north-eastern part of the park.
The purpose of the present study was to correlate the mineral status of the waterbuck to its health status in lake Nakuru National Park. A comparison was also made with waterbuck around Lakes Elementaita and Naivasha, which are located in the same region. Furthermore the study would be useful in assessing the suitability of Lake Nakuru National Park for rearing endangered species.

S.M M, Z. Q, J. K. "Birth preparedness among antenatal clients." East Afr Med J. 2008;85(6):275-83. Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal care clients.

DESIGN:
A descriptive cross- sectional study.

SETTING:
Antenatal care clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

SUBJECTS:
Three hundred and ninety four women attending antenatal care at Kenyatta National hospital were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire between May 2006 and August 2006. Clients who were above 32 weeks gestation and had attended the clinic more than twice were recruited. Systematic sampling was used to select the study participants with every third client being interviewed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Health education on birth preparedness, knowledge of danger signs, preparations for delivery and emergencies.

RESULTS:
Over 60% of the respondents were counselled by health workers on various elements of birth preparedness. Eighty seven point three per cent of the respondents were aware of their expected date of delivery, 84.3% had set aside funds for transport to hospital during labour while 62.9% had funds for emergencies. Sixty seven per cent of the respondents knew at least one danger sign in pregnancy while only 6.9% knew of three or more danger signs. One hundred and nine per cent of the respondents did not have a clear plan of what to do in case of an obstetric emergency. Level of education positively influenced birth preparedness.

CONCLUSIONS:
Education and counselling on different aspects of birth preparedness was not provided to all clients. Respondents knowledge of danger signs in pregnancy was low. Many respondents did not know about birth preparedness and had no plans for emergencies.

S.M G, M.A O, B.O I, S.M T. "Economic important diseases of goats in a semi-arid area of Kenya." International Conference of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary medicine. 1995;(8):60-61. Abstract

Goats are well adapted to the arid and semi arid areas as they are able to utilize feed resources which are otherwise unpalatable to other ruminants. A survey of diseases that limit goat production carried out in the semi-arid area of Embu District where goats are the main livestock enterprise. The mean annual rainfall is 750mm falling in two season April to June and October to December. The latter are heavier and more reliable.

Twenty five randomly selected farmers were interviewed on the prevalence of diseases that affect their goats nd any control measures they were taking, using a questionnaire also including land use number of goats. Other livestock kept, feed resources and water sources. Their average farm sizes was eleven acres.

The farmers identified eight diseases to be economically important as they caused losses through death or poor growth. Therse were. Helminthiasis, cowdriosis (heartwater,) pneumonia, ticks and fleas, mange, orf, footrot, and trypanosomiais in order of priority. They reported that helminthiasis caused about 46% deaths in kids less that six months and 20% deaths in adults every year. this was based on clinical signs observed before death. These were mainly diarrhea and emaciation despite enough feed been available. These signs occurred immediately after the onset of the rains and could be attributed to hypobiosis(Gatongi 1995).

S.M G, Kagira. J.M, Ng’ang’a. J.C, Kanyari. P.W.N, Maingi. N, J.M. G. "Prevalence of gastrointestinal protozoa and association with risk factors in free-range pigs in Kenya." National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases.. 2010;20:1-9. Abstract

The current study investigated the occurrence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) protozoa and associated risk factors in free range pigs in Busia District, Kenya. A total of 306 pigs from 135 farms in 6 Divisions were sampled for feces, which were analysed for parasites using direct smear and McMaster floatation methods. Associations between the occurrence of the parasites and explanatory variables (sex, age, division of origin and rainfall) were undertaken using ANOVA, chi-square and Pearson’s correlation statistics. The following gastrointestinal protozoan parasites were identified: Entamoeba spp. (87%), Balantidium coli (64%), Tritrichomonas suis (42%) and Coccidia spp (33%). The mean coccidial oocysts per gram (OPG) of all the sampled pigs was 1,276 (range = 0-28,000 OPG) and the proportions of the species included: Eimeria debliecki (40%), E. suis (26%), E. porci (16%), E. scabra (13%) and E. polita (5%). There was negative correlation between the amount of rainfall in the division of pig origin and prevalence of Eimeria spp, Tt. suis, and Entamoeba spp, but a positive correlation with prevalence of B. coli. The prevalences of Eimeria spp., Entamoeba spp. and Tt. suis were higher in males than females; but it was only the sex-differences for Tt. suis which were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The prevalences of Tt. suis in sows were significantly (p < 0.05) lower than that of growers and piglets. It was concluded that GIT protozoan parasites of economic and zoonotic significance occur in pigs in the study area and effective control strategies should be implemented.

S.M M, J. K, Z. Q. "Contraceptive use among HIV infected women attending Comprehensive Care Centre." East Afr Med J. 2008;85(4):171-7. Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To determine contraceptive use among HIV infected women attending Comprehensive Care Centre at Kenyatta National Hospital.

DESIGN:
Hospital based cross-sectional descriptive study.

SETTING:
Comprehensive Care Centre (CCC), Kenyatta National Hospital.

SUBJECTS:
The study group was non-pregnant HIV positive women on follow up at the CCC. A total of 94 HIV infected women were interviewed between May 2006 and August 2006 through a pretested interviewer administered questionnaire. Consecutive women willing to participate in the study were interviewed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Current contraceptive use, contraceptive methods, source of contraception, reproductive intention and unmet need of family planning.

RESULTS:
The mean age of the respondents was 34 years, 47.9% were married, all had formal education and 74.6% were employed. Eighty six percent of the respondents did not have reproduction intentions in the next two years; however, only 44.2% of the respondents were using contraception. Condoms were the most popular (81.5%) contraceptive method. Female condom was used by 10.5% of the respondents. Norplant was the only long-term contraceptive method and was used by only 2.6%. Dual method of contraception was practiced by 13.5% of the respondents. Majority of the respondents obtained contraceptives from private sector (42.9%) with less than 10% getting them from CCC. The unmet need for family planning among the study group was 30%. Marital status and regular sexual partner were significantly associated with contraceptive use.

CONCLUSION:
Although majority of respondents did not have reproduction intentions in the next two years, use of contraception was low with only 44% being on a method. Use of long-term contraceptive methods was low among respondents. Majority of the respondents obtained contraceptives away from CCC. The unmet need for family planning was high at 30%.

S.K.A D, S.O K, M A. "Protozoa and the decline of Rhizobiurn populations added to soil.". 1975. Abstract

A fall in Rhizobium abundance occurred in nonsterile soil inoculated with large numbers of the root-nodule bacteria but many of the rhizobia still survirved. No such decline was evident in sterile soil. Protozoa feeding on these bacteria were isolated from soil and other environments. As the abundance of Rhizobium meliloti and a cowpea Rhizobium strain in soil decreased, the protozoan density increased. The inability of the predators to eliminate their prey,from soil was not the result of the presence of organisms feeding on the protozoa because many rhizobia survived in sterile soil inoculated with the prey and cultures of individual protozoa nor was it the result of the rapid multiplication of the bacteria to replace those consumed because survivors were still numerous in essentially organic matter free soil in which the hactena did not grow appreciably. The lack of elimination also was not associated with a protective effect of soil particles because survivors were still abundant in solutions inocuiated with protozoa and bacteria.It is suggested that the size of the prey population diminishes until a density is attained at which the energy used by the predator in hunting for the survivors equals that obtained from the feeding.

S.K. M, J. N N. "The antimicrobial activity of activity of fermented Uji.". 1992. Abstract

Modern infant formulations based on milk have been shown to cause severe diarrhoea an malnutrition during weaning unlike the traditional weaning roods such ujl (cereal porridge). Such diseases can be attributed to the unhygienic conditions and dirty water used during preparation or infant roods. Results on microbial growth or death of Staphylococcus aureus . Salmonella tyhimurium enteropathogenic Escherichia Coli and Shigella dysenteriae during uji fermentation and storage or ready-to eat products are described. All the pathogens declined during uji fermentation and storage. with the declining rate being higher during storage. Invitro studies on antimicrobial activities on plates by uji culture against the pathogens suggest that the inhibition mechanism could he due to both acid production and antibiotic substances. KEY WORDS: Fermented uji. anti-bacterial activity. diarrhoea pathogens

and S.K Imagiri KPJMGP. "Normality of the products n-Power quasi normal operators, ." Far East Jnr. of Maths.. 2012.
and S.K Imagiri KPJMGP. "On the nth-Aluthge transforms of w-Hyponormal operators." Far East Jnr. Of Maths. 2011.
and S.K Imagiri KPJMGP. "Normality of the products of nth-Aluthge transforms of w-Hyponormal operators." Far East Jnr. Of Maths. 2013.
S.I.Akaranga, T.K.Musili, J.M.Karicha. "Secularization of Marriage Ritual Among the Ameru in Kenya." East African Journal of Traditions, Culture and Religion. 2021;3(2):52-59.
S.I.Akaranga, Ongongá JJ. "Secularization of funeral rituals among Luo and Luyia people of West Kenya." International Journal of Creative Research and Studies. 2018;2(11):33-47.
S.I.Akaranga, C.M.Onsarigo, A.Mulwa, R.Nyonje. "Influence of routine programme monitoring on performance of microfinance institutions funding entrepreneurial projects in Kisumu County-Kenya." International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies. 2018;5(8):169-175.
S.I.Akaranga, Situma JW. "The Ethical dimensions of Entrepreneurial Practice in three traditions." East African Journal of Traditions, Culture and Religion. 2021;3(1):23-34.east_african_journal_of_traditions_culture_and_religion_vol_3_no_1__23_34.pdf
S.H. Ambrose, C.J Bell BBDDDGH-SRLJ-R, and M. D. Kyule, F. K. Manthi MNSSWLHEMCM. "The Paleoecology and Paleogeographic context of Lemudong." Kirtlandia, Journal of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Ohio, USA. 2007;56:38-52. AbstractWebsite

The Lemudong’o Formation in the Narok District of Kenya comprises a 135-m-thick series of predominantly lacustrine and lake basin margin sedimentary rocks with interstratified primary and reworked tuffs. The formation, deposited ,6 Ma, records deposition within the second of three sequential lake basins created by tectonic and volcanic activity on the western margin of the southern Rift Valley of Kenya. These sedimentary paleobasins are exposed in the vicinity of the confluence of three rivers cutting steep cliffs into rugged, vegetated terrain. Over 1200 fossils of terrestrial vertebrates have been recovered from the site of Lemudong’o Locality 1 (LEM 1), which was formed at the edge of a shallow lake fed by slow-moving streams. Much like smaller Rift Valley lake basins in Kenya today, the Lemudong’o lake margin probably supported a mosaic of habitats ranging from closed riparian woodland to grassland and swamps. There are two fossiliferous horizons at LEM 1, clayey sands and gravels and overlying mudstones. Although the mudstones yielded the majority of the fossil material, there are significant faunal differences between the two horizons. The mudstone assemblage consists of taxa whose modern representatives primarily prefer relatively closed environments such as riparian forests, as well as many species that prefer open woodland to wooded grasslands. The sandstone assemblage samples fauna from a wider range of habitats. This contrast in taxonomic composition suggests that the mudstone and sandstone horizons sample a lakeshore environment that was varying through time. The apparent shift in habitat preferences of the fauna is consistent with the geological and geomorphological evidence for a mosaic of closed to open habitats that characterize rapidly variable rift-valley lake basins in mesic climatic regimes. One of the salient characteristics of these assemblages is the complete absence of fish, and the paucity of large mammals and reptiles, such as hippos, crocodiles, and larger bovid species that would be expected at the edge of lake basins fed by large rivers. Modern central rift-valley lake basins that are fed by small streams vary widely in size and salinity in response to climate change, and occasionally dry out completely. They do not contain fish and crocodiles, and only one has a substantial hippo population. These modern rift-valley lakes may therefore provide an analog to the depositional environment of Lemudong’o.

The LEM 1 fossil assemblage is also unusual because it is dominated by small mammalian taxa, including numerous rodents, small colobine monkeys, hyracoids, and a diversity of viverrid and other carnivores. Given the lack of evidence for fluvial transport in the main fossil horizon, the biased size composition, and the significant carnivore damage on the bones, we interpret this site to represent an accumulation of carcasses by several avian and small mammalian carnivores. This paleoecological and paleogeographic reconstruction is discussed relative to penecontemporaneous fossil sites in Africa.

S.A.M.Johnson, D.W. Gakuya, P.G. Mbuthia, N. Maingi, J.D. Mande. "Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and management practices for dogs in the greater Accra region of Ghana.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
S.A.M.Johnson, D.W. Gakuya, P.G. Mbuthia, J.D. Mande, K.Afakye, N. Maingi. "Myiasis in Dogs in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana." Vector-borne and Zoonotic diseases. 2016;16(1):54-57.myiasis_in_dogs_in_the_greater_accra_region_of_ghana.pdf
S.A.Johnson, D.W. Gakuya, P.G. Mbuthia, J.D. Mande, N. Maingi. "Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth and management practice for dogs in the Greater Accra region of Ghana." Heliyon. 2015;eooo23.
S.; WN, Imonje RK, Akala WJ. "Influence of teaching experience on pupils’ performance at Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination in English subject in Kenya." Journal of Research & Method in Education. 2019;9(3):24-30.
and S. W. Mugo NMJMJM. “Fabrication and Characterization of nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide dye sensitized solar cells. July-4th August 2006, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 2006.
S. Mihok, D.A. Carlson, P. N. Ndegwa. "Tsetse and other biting fly responses to nzi traps baited with octenol, phenols and acetone." Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2007;21:70-84.Website
and S. M. Waita, B. O. Aduda MNJMGA. Optical Characterization of sputtered TiO2 compact layers for dye-sensitized solar cell applications. 13-15 October 2009, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 2009.
and S. M. K. Muriuki, J. J. McDermott AMWNSMJTM. "Criteria for better detection of brucellosis in the Narok district of Kenya. ." East African Medical Journal. 1997;74(5):317-320.
S. M. Githigia, C. Odhong, R.G. Wahome, Kiggundu. M, Helberg. N. "In Vitro Anthelminthic Effects of Crude Aqueous Extracts of Tephrosia Vogelii, Tephrosia Villosa and Carica Papaya Leaves and Seeds." African Journal of Biotechnology. 2014;13(52).
S. M. Githigia, M. Mutugi, P. G. Kareru, F. K. Njonge, R. Waihenya, Nyakundi. WO. "Assessment of herbal anthelmintics used by the farmers in Kirinyaga county, Kenya, for the treatment of helminthiosis in cattle." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 2013;Vol. 7(29):2100-2104. Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess and validate the herbal anthelmintic remedies used by farmers in
Kirinyaga county, Kenya for the treatment of their cattle against gastrointestinal nematodes. The herbs
used were identified via questionnaire surveys through focused group discussions. The aqueous
extracts of plants used: Aspillia pluriseta, Vernonia lasiopus, Entada leptostachya and Erythrina
abyssinica were prepared and using dosage between 10 and 30%, the viability of infective strongyle
larvae were assessed for a period of 48 h. The results of the in vitro antihelmintic study indicated a high
to moderate anthelmintic activity for the tested extracts. E. leptostachya exhibited the highest in vitro
anthelmintic activity, while E. abyssinica had the lowest activity. The anthelmintic activity may have
been due to the presence of saponins in the herbal remedies. There was a positive correlation between
the saponin concentration and the anthelmintic activity of the extracts. In general, the in vitro
anthelmintic activity increased with the extract concentration for the medicinal plants examined.

and S. J. Ndombi, S. M. Njenga MKMMFAMGIY. "Bancroftian filariasis in Kwale district, Kenya. ." East African Medical Journal. 2000;77(5):245-249.
and S. H. Ambrose, M. D. Kyule MDWMAMA. "Dating the MSA/ LSA transition in Southwest Kenya.". In: 65th Annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Philadelphia, USA; 2000.
and S. H. Ambrose, L. J. Hlusko KDWMDAM. "Lemudong’o: A late Miocene fossil site in southern Kenya.". In: 71st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Buffalo, New York, USA ; 2002.
S. G. Peter, Gitau GK, S. Richards, Vanleeuwen A, F. Uehlinger, Mulei CM, Kibet RR. "Risk factors associated with Cryptosporidia, Eimeria, and diarrhea in smallholder dairy farms in Mukurwe-ini Sub-County, Nyeri County, Kenya." Vet World. 2016;9(8)(9):811-819.
S. Awino, Modisa M. ATJOAP. "Time SeriesAnalysis Of Impulsive Noise In Power Line Communication (PLC) Networks." Trans. SAIEE. 2018;Vol.107 (4) (4):237-243.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Evaluation of elite lines of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L ) for leaf fodder cum grain.". In: Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 67: 133. NISC Pty Ltd; 1989.
S. R, M. P, V. O. "LP Fracturing: A Review on Waterless Fracturing Technology in Unconventional Reservoir." Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research (JSAER). 2021;8(1):48-54.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Assessment of Physical Changes and Natural System Responses;.". In: Nairobi. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1976. Abstract
"
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. ""The structure and Organization of sport in Kenya and Malawi" in Sports for All into the 90s I.S.C.P.E.S" volume 7, Meyer & Mayer Verlag, Aachen Germany, 1991.". In: 8th Biennal Conference of I.S.C.P.E.S, Houston, June 12-18 1992. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1991. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe S. N, Mburu M.W. K, Akundabweni L. S, Ndufa J. K, Mureithi J. G, Gachene C. K. K, Okello J. J, Makini F. Effect of Mucuna Green Manure Rate Applied on Maize Grain Yield During the Application Season.". In: J. of Sustainable Development in Agriculture & Environment Vol. 5(1):54-64 Mach. 2010. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractMaize yield in Kenya is constrained by inadequate supply of nitrogen and there is need to search for locally available and potentially low-cost N sources. Consequently, on-farm research was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002-2005. The objective was to evaluate effect of Mucuna pruriens green manure biomass application rate on maize grain yield in sandy clay soil. Treatments evaluated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 0, 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; and inorganic fertilizer-urea at 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. The experimental design was randomized complete block with four replications. Results obtained showed that mucuna application rate of 30 kgN ha-1 did not significantly improve maize grain yield. Its application at 60 kg N ha-1 significantly increased maize grain yield only in seasons when rainfall was high notably in long rains. But, mucuna green manure applied at a rate of 120 kg N ha-1 significantly improved maize grain yield in both short and long rain seasons when rainfall amounts received were variable. Application of mucuna green manure at higher rates of 240 and 480 kg N ha-1 made no further significant increase in maize grain yield. Therefore, application rates lower than 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna green manure biomass may be inadequate and would require supplementation with inorganic fertilizer N if maize grain yield is to be increased.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Gakuu, L.N., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda P.M., Atinga, J.E.O. Rigid internal fixation in management of fractures of the radius and ulna shafts. Indications and techniques.Proc.Ass. of Surgeons of E.A.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Morphological and soil measurements for determining ecotypic variation in Trifolium tembense in the Ethiopian highlands.". In: Discovery and Innovation 31: 99-104. NISC Pty Ltd; 1991.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Diffusion of Dissolved Oxygen through Concrete". Presented at the National Association of Corrosion Engineers Conference, Corrosion 76,.". In: Houston, Texas. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1976. Abstract
     
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S. Snake bite in Kenya Dissertation presented in part fulfilment of MMed. in Surgery university of Nairobi.". In: MMed. in Surgery university of Nairobi. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "L. Abscisic acid (ABA) accumulation in roots and leaves of Vigna unguiculata L., Walp. under imposed water stress.". In: Legume Research J. 33:11-13. NISC Pty Ltd; 1995.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Simulation of the Electrolytic Conditions in Concrete by use of saturated CA (OH) Solutions".". In: Trondheim, Norway. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1978. Abstract
1
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "PROF. JACOB STANLEY NTEERE, DR. WANDERI & JANET W. KAMENJU, AEROBIC CAPACITY OF KENYAN RUGBY UNION PLAYERS.". In: Seminar, University of Manchester, 1981. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1978.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe, S. N Mburu, M.W. K, Ndufa, J. K, Akundabweni, L. S, Mureithi, J. G, Gachene, C. K. K, Makini, F, Okello, J. J. 2010. Potential Effect of Mucuna Green Manure Application Rates on the Decomposition and Availability of Nitrogen in Varying Soil Moistur.". In: World Journal of Agric Scie 6 (5) 532-539. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S. Lower limb amputations at the Kenyatta National Hospital, E.A.M.J. vol 55, No. 10 Oct. 1978.". In: E.A.M.J. vol 55, No. 10 Oct. 1978. University of Nairobi.; 1978. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Seed production of native hay clovers in the highlands of eastern Africa.". In: Tropical Grasslands Vol. 30. NISC Pty Ltd; 1996.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The Nature of P.E in the Public Schools of England during the 19th Century. University of Manchester, 1981.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1981. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Jeshirani, M.K., Bencivenga, A., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda, P.M., Gakuu, L.N.Non-union of Humerus: The consequences of unstable intramedullary nailingProc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 171-175 vol. 6 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 171-175 vol. 6 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Akuja, T E, Akundabweni, L.S., Chweya, J.A. 2003. Effect of Intercropping Finger Millet with two Indigenous Legumes at different Nitrogen Levels in Kabete and Njoro, Kenya.". In: Eastern Africa Journal of Rural Development Vol. 19, No. 1 (2003). NISC Pty Ltd; 2003.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Environmental Protection - Treatment of Tannery Effluents" - Indian Journal of Environmental Protection 9.". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1989.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The theory of Achivement Motivation and its Applicability to sport and Physical Education University of Manchester, 1982.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1982. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Levi-Shadeya-M Akundabweni, G. Mulokozi and D M Maina. 2010. Characterization of African leafy Vegetables for Organo- and Mineral Micronutrient Densities based on X- ray Fluorescence and High Performance Liquid Chromatography. African Journal of Food and .". In: (AJFAND) 10: No. 11 (2010). Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The structure and Organization for Sport in Kenya and Malawi. A Comparative Analysis.". In: (I.S.C.P.E.S Conference, Bisham Abbey England: July 1990). Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1990. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe S.N, Mburu M.W.K, Akundabweni L. S, Ndufa J. K, Mureithi J. G, Gachene C. K. K, Okello J. J, Makini F. Economic Analysis of Mucuna Green Manure Nitrogen Application in Maize Production: I. with Green Manure Incorporation Cost.". In: J. of Sustainable Development in Agriculture & Environment Vol. 6(1):xx-xx: June. 2011. Paraclete Publishers; 2011. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Akundabweni L.S.M., Mulokozi G. and D.M. Maina. IONOMIC VARIATION CHARACTERIZATION IN AFRICAN LEAFY VEGETABLES FOR MICRONUTRIENTS USING XRF AND HPLC.". In: African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development. African Scholarly Science Communications Trust; 2010.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S., Malibo, J. Some considerations in cases of fractures of he femur treated by intramedullary nailing. Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A.". In: Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Comparative growth of some African clovers planted at different times.". In: Tropical Grasslands 25: 358-354. NISC Pty Ltd; 1991.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "The Survey of the Extent of Corrosion Problems in Kenya". Final Report to the National Council for Science & Technolog.". In: Houston, Texas. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1976. Abstract
y
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The role of Developing Nations in International Sport: The case of Kenya.". In: 8th Biennial Conference of I.S.C.P.E.S. Houston, June 12-18 1992. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1992. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. T, C.K. M. "Ocimum kilimandscharicum - A potential source of camphor in Kenya. ." Kenya Sci. and Tech. 1981;2(a):137-138.
S. G, M.A OM, B.O I, S.M T. "Prevalence of parasitic diseases of goats on small scale farms in Embu District – Kenya." Scandinavian society for parasitology. 1995;5(1). Abstract

Goats are well suited for small holder farms in the arid and semi arid areas as they are able to utilize the limited feed resources.

A survey was carried out in a semi-arid area of Embu District, Kenya. 25 farmers each with minimum herd size of 10 goats were interviewed on disease problems affecting their goats using standard questionnaire. Faecal and blood samples were collected from a minimum of 10 goats (5 kids and 15 adults) from each farm and analyzed for helminth eggs, blood parasites and serology for cowdriosis (Western blot) in October 1994 during the short rains.

S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe S. N, Mburu M.W. K, Ndufa J. K, Akundabweni L. S, Mureithi J. G, Gachene C. K. K, Makini F, Okello J. J. Influence of Seedling Age at Transplanting on Growth and Grain Yield of Medium Duration Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa l.) at Ibadan, Nigeria.". In: J. of Sustainable Development in Agriculture & Environment Vol. 5(1):x-xx Mach. 2010. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractField experiments were conducted at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria in the long and short rainy seasons of 1987 to study effect of seedling age (21, 31 and 41 days old seedlings) at transplanting on growth and grain yield of medium duration irrigated lowland rice. Randomized complete block design with four replications, and plot size of 3 m x 4 m, planted with an improved medium duration (128 days to maturity) rice variety, ITA 212 were used. Plant height, tiller production, and dry matter production were determined at 30 and 50 days after transplanting, at flowering and at harvest. Leaves of the eight rice plants sampled at flowering were used for leaf area index determination. Harvest index, panicle production, grain production, percentage of ripened grains and 1000-grain weight were recorded at harvest. Grain yield was determined from 5 m2 in the middle of each plot. Results obtained showed that 21 days old seedlings gave significantly taller rice plants, higher tiller and panicle number per m2 than the 31 and 41 days old ones. Seedling age had non-significant effect on leaf area index and 1000-grain weight. The 31 and 41 days old seedlings gave significantly higher harvest index and percentage of filled grains than the 21 days old ones. However, seedling age at transplanting had a non-significant effect on grain yield. It is suggested that a delay in transplanting of 21 days old seedlings for up to 20 days may not have pronounced effect on grain yield of medium duration lowland rice
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S., Okelo, G.B.A. Common Venomous Bites and Stings in Kenya A book published by Health Education Division and audio-visual Centre, Serial No. 1/79.". In: A book published by Health Education Division and audio-visual Centre, Serial No. 1/79. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe, S. N Mburu, M.W. K, Ndufa, J. K, Akundabweni, L. S, Mureithi, J. G, Gachene, C. K. K, Makini, F, Okello, J. J. 2010. Effect of Mucuna Green Manure Rate Applied on Maize Grain Yield During the Application Season. J. of Sustainable Development in Agr.". In: Vol. 5(1). 2010 ISSN 0794-8867. (. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. S, Gitau G.K., J. VL, C. M, P. K. "Impact of calf feeding practices on calf growth and health in smallholder dairy farms in Nyeri County, Kenya." East African Journal of Science, Technology, and Innovation. 2020;1(3):2707-0425.
S. Z, G. C, I. V, G. B, D.M. H, K.M. M, J.R. B. "Adaptive radiation of the endemic Alcolapia cichlids of the East African soda lakes: genetic and morphological perspectives." Journal of Evolutionary Biology. In Press.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S.Considerations on Cases of epiphyseal injury observed at the Kenyatta National Hospital E.A.M.J. vol. 56 No. 9 Sept. 1978.". In: E.A.M.J. vol. 56 No. 9 Sept. 1978. University of Nairobi.; 1978. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Cardinal Temperatures and Thermal times for vernalization in carrot cv. "Nantes".". In: African Crop Science Journal. NISC Pty Ltd; 1996.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "The Development of the Solar Salt Industry in Kenya". A technical.". In: Kenya. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1979. Abstract
   
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "P.E versus Militarism in the British Education system 1870-1925.". In: Seminar, University of Manchester, 1981. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1981. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Jeshirani, M.K., Bencivenga, A., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda, P.K., Gakuu, L.N. The management of post-traumatic limb length discrepancies Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 181-186 vol 5 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 181-186 vol 5 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI, S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Detached Leaf Test as a Rapid Stress appraisal in Cowpea Germplasm, Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) for Draught Resistance.". In: Discovery and Innovation 42: 139-141. NISC Pty Ltd; 2000.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Diffusion of Dissolved Oxygen through Concrete". Material Performance, 12,39-44 (December ).". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1986.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The contributions of Sir George Newman to the Development of P.E in England and Wales, university of Manchester.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1981. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Levi-Shadeya-M Akundabweni, R.W. Munene, D M Maina and J.M. Mangala. 2010. Mineral Micronutrient Density Characterization Using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) Analysis in Four On-Farm Kenyan Wild African Fruit tree Germplasm. JAfrican Journal .". In: (AJFAND On Line) Volume 20 No 8. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Bovill EG Jr, Kung'u A, Bencivenga A, Jeshrani MK, Mbindyo BS, Heda PM. An epidemiological study of osteogenic sarcoma in Kenya: the variations in incidence between ethnic groups and geographic regions, 1968-1978. Int Orthop. 1985;9(1):59-63.". In: Int Orthop. 1985;9(1):59-63. University of Nairobi.; 1985. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "Physical Education and Sport in Higher Education in Kenya.". In: University of Manchester -1990. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1990. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Levi-Shadeya-M Akundabweni, G. Mulokozi and D M Maina. 2010. Characterization of African leafy Vegetables for Organo- and Mineral Micronutrient Densities based on X- ray Fluorescence and High Performance Liquid Chromatography. African Journal of Food and .". In: (AJFAND) 10: No. 11 (2010). Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Levi-Shadeya M Akundabweni, et. al,- 2008. Screening and Mapping Nutraceutical Dense Biodiversity on Women Smallholder Farms Based on Farmer.". In: International Society for Horticultural Science; Leuven, Belgium. 739 pp. African Scholarly Science Communications Trust; 2008.
S. NA, Mbaria JM, Olila D, Kimenju JW. "Ethnopharmacological Practices in Management of Helminthes by Pastoral Communities in Drylands of Uganda." Livestock Research for Rural Development, http:/www.Irrd 23/2/2nalu23036.. 2011;36.
S. RF, P. HM, C. M, M. BS, K. AF. ". “Clinical presentation and post-mortem findings of patients with AIDS at Kenyatta National Hospital." Journal of AIDS. 2000;Supplement 24:23-29.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis (XRF) of Trace Elements in Tuff (Volcanic Soil) and in Tissues of Rats fed with Tuff.". In: Nairobi. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1976. Abstract
"
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The politics of Global Sport: Politicization of sport in England and Kenya.". In: 8th Biennal Conference of I.S.C.P.E.S, Houston, June 12-18 1992. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1992. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Akundabweni L.S.M, Munene R.W., Maina D.M and S.K. Bartilol. MINERAL MICRONUTRIENT DENSITY IN LOCAL CEREALS SAMPLED FROM BUNGOMA, MASENO AND KIBWEZI AREAS.". In: African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development. African Scholarly Science Communications Trust; 2010.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Contribution to books on Primary Traumatology Parts i and ii. Published by Kenya/German project for District Hospital, surgery.". In: Published by Kenya/German project for District Hospital, surgery. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "The Prepared Cellulase Solution Digestion for screening forage grass germplasm for digestibility.". In: African J of Crop Science 1: 67-71. NISC Pty Ltd; 1993.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Electrical Resistivity of Concrete in the Oceans". Paper No.2803 pp 581-588.". In: Houston, Texas. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1977. Abstract
     
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN, S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Bovill, E., Kungu, A., Bencivenga, A., Jeshirani, M.K., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda, P.M. Epidemiological study of osteogenic sarcoma variations in incidence between Ethnic groups and Geographical Regions 1966-1979.International Orthopaedics Sicot.". In: International Orthopaedics Sicot. University of Nairobi.; Submitted. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. N, M. V, F. K, M. K, F. B, C. O’, A. M, N. H. "Challenges and prospects of integrating livestock into smallholder organic pineapple production in Uganda. ." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2015;26(#113).
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "The Role of Concrete Cover on Corrosion of the Reinforcement". NUCC, Vol.1 No.". In: Kenya. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1978. Abstract
1
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "Advanced Diploma Dissertation entitled "A study of the Curricula of Physical Education of Primary Teachers Colleges in Kenya" (University of Leeds, in 1978).". In: Seminar, University of Manchester, 1981. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1978. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Mbindyo, B.S., Jeshirani, M.K., Heda P.M.Tension -Band wiring for fractured patellae. Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 189-192, vol. 4, 1981.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 189-192, vol. 4, 1981. University of Nairobi.; 1981. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Chemistry Laboratory Curriculum in Relation toIndustry and Industrial Training". Curriculum written for UNESCO for distribution to Universities in Africa Region.". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1984.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The contributions of Reginald Brabazon.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1981. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Maobe S. N, L.S.M Akundabweni, M.W.K. Mburu, Ndufa J.K. J.G. Mureithi, C.C.K Gachene, F.W. Makini and J.J. Okello. 2010. Effect of Green manure and inorganic Fertilizer Urea Nitrogen Sources And Application Rates on Harvest of maize (Zea mays L.).". In: World Journal of Agric Scie 6 (5) 532-539. Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Heda, P.M., Jeshirani, M.K., Mbindyo, B.S.Tension-Band wiring of the olecranon fractures Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 83-86 vol 5, 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 83-86 vol 5, 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFEL-BUSAIDYABDULGAFURH. "Removal of Chromium and Sulphide from Tannery Effluents" - Bull.Chem.Soc. Ethiopia, 3(1) 1-7.". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 1989.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The structure and Organization of Sport in Kenya.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1989. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
S. PROFAKUNDABWENILEVI. "Levi-Shadeya-M Akundabweni, R.W. Munene, D M Maina and S.K Bartilol. 2010. Mineral Micronutrient Density in Local Cereals Sample from Bungoma, Maseno and Kibwezi areas. (AJFAND) 10: 11 (2010).". In: (AJFAND) 10: 11 (2010). Paraclete Publishers; 2010. Abstract
AbstractOn-farm experiment was carried out in southwest Kenya in the period 2002 to 2005. The objective was to determine the most profitable source of nitrogen for maize production, and assess various application quantities to identify the most profitable rate. Treatments investigated were: mucuna green manure applied at rates of 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg N ha-1; inorganic fertilizer-urea ratesof 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1. At tissue N concentration of 1.85 to 2 % for mucuna, the rates worked to 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 t DM ha-1 equivalent of its green biomass, respectively. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Data was collected on maize grain yield and price, costof mucuna N and its application. Procedures applied in economic analysis were net benefits, dominance and marginal analyses. The beneficial rate of mucuna green manure was 6 t DM ha-1 to supply 120 kg N ha-1 with marginal rate of return (MRR) of 123%. In absence of capital to invest in mucuna N production, the inorganic fertilizer rate of 60 kg N ha-1 is profitable and can be used butwith expectation of comparatively lower MRR of 73%. In the absence of required capital to produce the target 120 kg N ha-1 equivalent of mucuna biomass, application of inorganic N at 30 kg ha-1 is the most beneficial practice in all seasons. Lower application rates might require supplementation withinorganic N to make up to the required amount.
S Mbala, Manene MM, Ottieno JAM. "Symmetric truth detection model: A randomized response approach." International Journal of Statistics and Applied Mathematics. 2019;4(4):50-55. AbstractWebsite

When collecting sensitive information on abortion, drug addiction, examination dishonesty and tax
evasion among others, many researchers use direct questioning which may not yield valid data. This is
because respondents fear embarrassment and victimization. In this study we have formulated a
Symmetric Truth Detection Model which uses two randomization devises to protect the privacy of
respondents leading to a more honest response. This model is more efficient than the earlier models
namely the Asymmetric Truth detection Models

UoN Websites Search