Publications

Found 112 results

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2020
Bebora LC, Mbuthia PG, Nyaga PN, Waruiru RM, Wanja DW, H.A N. "Fish Husbandry Practices and Water Quality in Central Kenya: Potential Risk Factors for Fish Mortality and Infectious Diseases." Hindawi Veterinary Medicine International . 2020;2020.abstract.pdf
2019
Bebora L.C, Gitao CG, P.M M, Mobegi VA, Shumbusho B, Iraguha B. "Assessment of bacterial contamination and milk handling practices along the raw milk market chain in the North-Western region of Rwanda." African Journal of Microbiology Research. 2019;13(29):640-648.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Mbuthia PG, Waruiru RM, Nyaga P, Wanja DW, Mwadime JM, Ngowi HA. "Bacterial pathogens isolated from farmed fish and source pond water in Kirinyaga County, Kenya." International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2019;7(2):295-301.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Gathumbi PK, Muchemi GM, Gakuya FM, Manyibe TN, Kariuki EK, Ngatia TA, Maina EW. "Hematologic Values of Healthy and Sick Free-ranging Lesser Flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) in Kenya." Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2019;55(1):123-128.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Mbuthia PG, P.N N, Mutinda WU, Njagi LW. "Pathogenicity of Kenyan Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Isolates in Indigenous Chickens." International Journal of Poultry Science. 2019;18(11):523-529.abstract.pdf
2018
L.C. B, Karanja DN, Njagi LW, Karoki WH. "Isolation, Characterization, and Quantification of Bacteria from African Sausages Sold in Nairobi County, Kenya." Hindawi International Journal of Food Science. 2018;2018.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Gitao CG, Bwihangane AB, Tarekegu MG, Nicholas S, Bacigale S, Suitek N. "Mitochondrial DNA variation of indigenous goat populations from Peste-des-petits-ruminants outbreak in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo." Livestock Research for Rural Development (LRRD) . 2018;30(1).abstract.pdf
2017
Bebora LC, Gitao CG, Wanjohi GM, Muchemi GM. "Camel milk quality and bacterial contamination along market chain in Wajir and Garissa counties of Kenya." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research. 2017;4(10).abstract.pdf
Bebora, L.C., Gitao CG, Bwihangane AB, Nicholas S. "A comprehensive review on clinical signs, diagnostic test and vaccination." Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences . 2017;7(3):58-66.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Mbuthia PG, Nyaga PN, Maingi N, Njagi L W, HW C, DC K. "Efficacy of Piperazine citrate, Levamisole hydrochloride and Albendazole in the treatment of chicken naturally infected with gastrointestinal helminths." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2017;29(5).
Bebora LC, Gitao CG, Bwihangane AB, Christopher O, Ntagereka BP. "Mixed infection of Peste-des-petits ruminants and Capripox in goats in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo." Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research. 2017;4(4):348-355.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Nyaga PN, Njagi LW, Wahome MW, Bwana MO. "Occurrence of antibodies to infectious bursal disease virus in non-vaccinated indigenous chicken, ducks and turkeys in Kenya." International journal of veterinary science. 2017;6(3):159-162.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Mpatswenumugabo JP, Gitao GC, Olivier KO, Mobegi VA, Iraguha B, Shumbusho B. "Prevalence of subclinical mastitis and distribution of pathogens in dairy farms of Rubavu and Nyabihu districts, Rwanda." Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2017.abstract.pdf
Bebora LC, Mbuthia P, Njagi L, Nyaga P, Bwana M, Wahome RG, Margaret M, Wanzila K. "Stinging Nettle and Neem enhance antibody response to local killed and imported live Infectious Bursal Disease Vaccines in Indigenous Chicken in Kenya." Poultry Science journal. 2017;97:447-454.abstract.pdf
2016
Bebora L.C, Olwande P.O, S.O O, W.O O. "Participatory epidemiological assessment of factors that limit indigenous chicken productivity under free-range system in South Western Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2016;28(10).
2015
W.U M, L.W N, P.N N, Bebora L.C, P.G M, J.W G, A M, D K. "Isolation of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Using Indigenous Chicken Embryos in Kenya." International Scholarly Research Notices. 2015;2015.abstract.pdf
2014
Kihu S.M, Gitao C.G, Bebora L.C, J NM, Wairire G.G, Maingi N, R.G W. "Appraisal of Peste des petits ruminants disease by Turkana pastoral community of Turkana County in Kenya. ." American Journal of Research Communication . 2014;2(10):186.abstract.pdf
M KS, Bebora LC NMJ, Wairire GG MN, RG, Karanja D.N OJO, Lut W. "Clinical, Pathological and Molecular Investigations of Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Infection in Goats from Turkana County in Kenya." British Journal of Virology – Open access. 2014;1(3):98-102.
2013
Olwande P.O, W.O O, L.C. B, S.O. O. "Comparison of economic impact of alternative constraint control measures in indigenous chicken production in Nyanza Province, Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development (LLRD) . 2013;25(2).
Bebora LC, Odongo M, Mbuthia PG, Kagunya D;, Karaba W. "Practical Bacteriology and Mycology Manual for Veterinary Students.". 2013.
and Mutinda WU, Nyaga PN MPGBLCMG. "Risk factors associated with infectious bursal disease vaccination failures in broiler farms in Kenya." Tropical Animal Health Production. 2013;DOI 10.1007.abstract_1.pdf
William O, Portas O, Samuel O, Maurice O, Rubina A. "Survey of bacterial and parasitic organisms causing disease and lowered production in indigenous chickens in Southern Nyanza, Kenya.". 2013. Abstractabstract2.pdfWebsite

A cross-sectional study was carried out to identify bacteria and parasites that caused disease and lowered productivity in indigenous chickens in Rachuonyo and Migori districts in Southern Nyanza, Kenya. A total of 21 chickens from 11 randomly-selected homesteads, within a group that was recruited into the African Institute of Capacity building and Development (AICAD) project, were used in the study. The chicken-keepers routinely vaccinated their birds against Newcastle disease and were recovering from an outbreak of Gumboro disease which had caused high mortalities. Picking of the chickens for postmortem examination was by random selection at household level and also geared towards picking those that showed signs of disease. Bacterial isolations were done from pooled oro-pharyngeal and cloacal swabs, and swabs from liver and/or other organs showing pathology. Parasitological isolations were done from skins and gastro-intestinal tracts. Pasteurella and Klebsiella were isolated from cases that were showing respiratory signs, while Salmonella Gallinarum was isolated from liver and spleen of a few birds showing signs of mild peritonitis. Other bacteria isolated, from oro-pharyngeal and cloacal swabs, included: Staphylococcus, Bacillus, E. coli, and Enterobacter. Aspergillus fumigatus was isolated from a case of skin wounds and defeathering. Parasitological isolations included: ascarids, tape worms, flukes, pin worms, tetrameres, stick-tight fleas and scaly-leg mites. These organisms were associated with various pathological lesions. Since they indirectly cause stress that is associated with increased susceptibility to other diseases and reduction in productivity of the birds, it was found advisable that, in addition to vaccination against the viral diseases, the poultry-keepers exercised regular deworming and dusting of the birds with acaricides, as well as treating the birds whenever they appear sick.

2012
L.C. B, T.N M, P.K G, Ngatia T.A., Muchemi G. "Historical perspectives of lesser flamingo mortalities in Kenya.". In: Bennial Scientific Conference and 46th Kenya Veterinary Association Annual Scientific Conference. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine ; 2012.2012_-_historical_perspectives_of_lesser_flamingo_mortalities_in_kenya.pdf
Chege WH;, Bebora LC;, Maingi N;, Mbuthia PG. "Determination of seasonal parasite carriage of village chicken in Mbeere, antiparasitic treatments used and effectiveness of selected anthelmintics."; 2012. Abstract

The overall objective of the study is to determine parasite carriage of village chicken of Mbeere district, Eastern province of Kenya. The study was conducted for over two seasons, the dry (January to March) and wet (October to December) season. Subsequently efficacy testing of selected antiparasitic drugs will be conducted. Twenty four birds of three age groups (chicks, growers and adults) were randomly selected from homesteads. The study showed that all chicken (100%) harboured ecto and endoparasites and 79.1% were infected with haemoparasites. With respect to ectoparasites, all the birds (100%) were infested, with lice, while 75% were infected with mites, 66.7% with ticks and 54.1% with fleas. The most prevalent nematodes were the caecal worms (91.7%), Tetramere species (54.1%), Gonglylonema (29.1%) and Coccidial oocyst (20.8%). Cestodes were also present in 91.7% of the samples. Haemoparasites had a prevalence of 83.3%. This study has shown that endo and ectoparasites are a common health problem in the village chicken in Mbeere District, Kenya. The studies for wet season and for drug sensitivity testing are still on-going.

Bebora LC;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, Mbuthia PG;, Njagi LW;, Githinji J;, Kemboi DC;, Chege HW. "Intensive And Multi-type Parasite Infection–a Hindrance To Effective Newcastle Disease Control In Village Chickens?".; 2012.
Kihu S.M, Gitao C.G, Bebora L.C, and Njenga M.J, Wairire G.G MWNRG, Njenga M.J, Wairire G.G, Maingi N., R.G W. "Participatory risk assessment of Peste des petit ruminants; Factor analysis of small ruminants’ pastoral management practices in Turkana District, Kenya." Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences . 2012;2(9):503-510 .2012._participatory_risk_assessment_for_peste_des_petit_ruminants...pdf
Chege HW;, Kemboi DC;, Bebora LC;, Maingi N;, Mbuthia PG;, Nyaga PN;, Njagi LW;, Githinji J. "Prevalence of ecto and endo parasites in free-range chickens in Mbeere District, Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2012.
Kemboi DC;, Chege HW;, Bebora LC;, Maingi N;, P.N N;, Mbuthia PG;, Njagi LW;, Githinji JM. "Seasonal Newcastle disease antibody titres in village chicken of Mbeere District, Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2012.
2011
2010
Bebora L.C, Maingi N, P.N N, P.G M, C.O G, L.W N, J.M G. "Enhancing village chicken productivity through parasite management for effective Newcastle disease vaccination in Kenya.". In: 2nd RUFORUM Biennial Capacity Building Conference. Entebbe, Uganda; 2010.2010_-_effect_of_worm_burden_on_nd_vaccination_response.pdf
2008
Bebora L.C, P. M, G. GM, L.W N. "Histomoniasis and traumatic gastritis (hardware disease) in peacocks.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference , . Nairobi; 2008.2008_-_hostomoniasis_and_traumatic_gastritis_in_peacocks.pdf
L.C. B, L.W. N, Mbuthia P.G., P.N N. "Importance of environmental hygiene in reducing bacterial load exposure to night-housed indigenous chickens.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi, ; 2008.
L.C. B, Nyaga P.N., Mbuthia P.G. "Localisation of Newcastle disease viral nucleoprotein in the tissues of carrier ducks.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi ; 2008.2008_-_localisation_of_nd_nucleoprotein_in_tissues_of_carrier_ducks.pdf
Mbuthia P.G., L.C. B, Mwaniki G., Sourou S.Y., L.W. N, M M. "Myopathy and parasitism in a guinea fowl.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi; 2008.2008_-_myopathy_and_parasitism_in_a_guinea_fowl.pdf
Bebora L.C, D.N K, C.J N’ang’a, T.A N, J.K W. "The pathogenic effects of gastrointestinal helminthes in Kenyan pigs.". In: Scientific Conference . Faculty of Veterinary Medicine ; 2008.2008_-_pathogenic_effect_of_gatro-intestinal_helminths_in_kenyan_pigs.pdf
Mbuthia PG;, L.C. B;, G M;, L.W N;, P.N N;, M. M. "Histomoniasis and other conditions in peacocks."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, L.W N;, L.C B;, J. N. M;, R.O O. "Intensity of ectoparasites in free-range family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni AZ;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga, P. N., L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka. JN. "Prevalence of ectoparasites infestations in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
Sabuni, A.Z, Mbuthia, P.G., Maingi, N., P.N. Nyaga, L.W. Njagi, L.C. Bebora, Michieka JN. "Prevalence of haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in Eastern Province, Kenya."; 2008.
2006
D.N. K, Bebora L.C, Ngatia T.A. "Postweaning diarrhea, meningitis and infertility are emerging threats to pig industry in Kenya.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi; 2006.2006_-_post-weaning_diarrhoea_meningitis_and_infertility_in_pigs.pdf
Mbuthia P.G., Bebora L.C, L.W. N. "Tetrameres species infestations in different age groups of village free-range chickens in Embu and Mbeere districts.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi; 2006.2006_-_tetrameres_in_indigenous_chickens.pdf
2005
Bebora LC, Bii CC, Waitindi HK. "Pigeon-Frequented Areas, Garbage Piles and Dog Faeces as Possible Sources of Candida and Cryptococcus Infections for Humans and Animals.". 2005. Abstract

A study was carried out to establish the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida species in two pigeon-frequented areas; garbage piles from two separate sites in Nairobi, and dog faeces from Small animal clinic, University of Nairobi, Kabete. The sampling included both solid materials and air. Potato Dextrose agar, CHROMagar and urea media were used for isolation and characterization of these yeasts. Various species of Candidaand Cryptococcus neoformans were isolated in numbers ranging from 104 to 105 colony forming units per gramme or per 2-minute exposure to air; from both pigeon-frequented areas and garbage sites. Cryptococcus was isolated more than Candida species in pigeon-frequented areas, while the reverse was the case for garbage sites, both for solid and aerial samples. The dog faeces yielded Candida organisms mainly. The presence of these yeasts in both solid samples and air highlights the possibility of these areas, which are frequently traversed by humans and animals (including chickens and other birds), as being possible sources of infection for humans and animals. Aerial contamination means the organisms can be disseminated far and wide easily.

Njagi LW, Mbuthia PG, Nyaga PN, Minga U, Olsen JE. "A Study on Effectiveness of Seven Disinfectants Against Possible Bacteria Contaminants of Coops and Premises Inhabited by Indigenous Chickens and Ducks.". 2005. Abstractabstract3.pdfWebsite

Seven commonly used disinfectants abbreviated as A, B, C, D, E, F and G (A is, Glutaraldehyde and Coco – benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride; B is, Didecyldimethyl ammonium bromide 50% w\\v; C is, Sodium hypochlorite; D is, pine disinfectant and antiseptic; E is, chloroxylenol; F is, phenol and that for disinfectant G is, cresol and soap solution) were evaluated for their effectiveness in disinfecting coops and premises of indigenous chickens and ducks. Bacterial isolates from 14 samples (each sample comprising of a pharyngeal and a cloacal swab from one bird pooled together) from village chickens and ducks were used in this study. The isolates were taken to represent microorganisms in the birds\' environment. Results showed that effectiveness amongst the disinfectants varied markedly. Two disinfectants were very effective (sensitivity of 80% and 60% respectively), three were moderate (30% sensitivity, each) and two were ineffective. Some of them were effective only at a concentration higher than that recommended by the manufacturer. For effective disinfection occasional sensitivity testing is therefore recommended.

2004
. BLC, Mbuthia P.G., J.M M. "Appraisal of the village chicken’s potential in egg production.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi; 2004.2004_-_appraisal_of_village_chickens_potential_in_egg_production.pdf
Bebora L.C, M.O O, G.S N. "Comparative evaluation of five Widal test kits used in Kenya for the serological diagnosis of typhoid fever.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Scientific Conference . Nairobi, ; 2004.2004_-comparison_of_widal_test_kits.pdf
Maina AN;, Mbuthia PG, Ngatia TA;, Waruiru R;, Bebora LC. " Maina, A.N; Mbuthia, PG; Ngatia, TA; Waruiru, R; Bebora, L.C ."; 2004.
Mbuthia PG;, Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Bebora LC;, Mugera. GM;, Minga U;, Olsen JE. "Comparison between fluorybridization (FISH) and culture method in the detection of Pasteurella multocidain organs of indigenous birds.".; 2004.
Mbuthia PG;, Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Bebora LC;, Mugera GM;, Minga, U; Olsen. JE, Minga, U; Olsen. JE. "Comparison between the carrier status of P. Multocida on farm and live traded market indigenous birds."; 2004.
Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Bebora LC;, Mugera GM;, Minga, U; Olsen. JE. "Ease of transmitting P.multocida between indigenous chickens and ducks through contact transmission."; 2004.
2003
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Mbuthia P.G., Njagi L.W., Nyaga P.N., Bebora L.C., Minga U.M. and Olsen J.E. (2003): Clinical signs of fowl cholera in experimental immunosuppressed and non-immunosuppressed Kenyan indigenous chickens and ducks.". In: Paper presented presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting held in December 2003, and at Kenya Veterinary Association Scientific meeting in April 2003. Taylor & Francis; 2003.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Mbuthia P.G., Nyaga P.N., Bebora L.C., Njagi L.W., Minga U.M. and Olsen J.E. (2003): Ducks in rural and semi-urban poultry production.". In: Paper presented at a National Poultry Workshop on . Taylor & Francis; 2003.
2002
2001
2000
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C., Nyaga P.N. and Njagi L.W. (2000): Bacterial species recovered from ducks sampled from peri-urban villages of Kenya.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 2000.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Gathumbi J.K. and Bebora L.C. (2000): The occurrence of aflatoxin in poultry tissues collected in Nairobi, Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 48:61-62.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in December 2002; Kenya. Taylor & Francis; 2000.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Nyaga P.N., Bebora L.C. and Njagi L.W. (2000): Production status of indigenous ducks from peri-urban villages in Kenya.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 2000.
1998
1997
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. (1997): Role of plasmids in virulence of enteric bacteria. E.A. Medical Journal 74(7): 43-45.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1997.
1996
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. (1996): The erratic nature of Enterobacteriaceae with particular mention to the genera Escherichia, Shigella and Salmonella: A practical review. Discovery and Innovation 8(3): 215-218.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1996.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Gathumbi J.K., Bebora L.C. Muchiri D.J. and Ngatia T.A. (1996): Mycological examination of poultry feeds used in Nairobi, Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 44:19-22.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1996.
1995
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Gathumbi J.K., Bebora L.C., Muchiri D.J. and Ngatia T.A. (1995): A survey of mycotoxins in poultry feeds used in Nairobi, Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 43:243-245.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1995.
1994
1993
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C., Oundo J.O., Khamala J., Saidi S., Sang W.K., Yamamoto H. and 16 Mukundi P.W. (1993): Some E. coli strains causing septicaemia in chicks in Kenya.Kenya Veterinarian 17:1-3.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1993.
1992
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Gitao C.G. and Bebora L.C. (1992): Histomoniasis in a peacock. Indian Vet. Journal 69:933-934.". In: Presented at IHEPRUCA annual scientific meeting, held in November 2000; Tanzania. Taylor & Francis; 1992.
1990
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Chai D.C., Bebora L.C. and Karaba W.W. (1990): Yersinia enterocolitica infection in vervet monkey.". In: Paper presented at 2nd Faculty of Veterinary Medicine biennial scientific conference, University of Nairobi. Taylor & Francis; 1990.
1989
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. and Nyaga P.N. (1989): Antibiotic resistance in Salmonella gallinarum isolates recovered from Kenya.". In: Paper presented at 1st Faculty of Veterinary Medicine biennial scientific conference, University of Nairobi. Taylor & Francis; 1989.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. and Nyaga P.N. (1989): Antibiotic resistance in Salmonella gallinarum isolates recovered from Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr., Special issue:115-118.". In: Paper presented at 2nd Faculty of Veterinary Medicine biennial scientific conference, University of Nairobi. Taylor & Francis; 1989.
1988
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Kaminjolo J.S., Ayoade J.A., Makhambera T.P.E., Nyaga P.N. and Bebora L.C. (1988): Contagious ecthyma in a boer goat: short communication. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 36:83-85.". In: Paper presented at 1st Faculty of Veterinary Medicine biennial scientific conference, University of Nairobi. Taylor & Francis; 1988.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Nyaga P.N. and Bebora L.C. (1988): Zoonotic human chlamydiosis of avian origin.". In: Paper presented at KVA scientific meeting on . Taylor & Francis; 1988.
1987
Bebora LC. "Chick Morbidity And Mortality.".; 1987.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "1Bebora L.C. (1987): Chick morbidity and mortality.". In: Paper presented at KVA scientific meeting on . Taylor & Francis; 1987.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. (1987): Common poisons - poultry. Kenya Veterinarian 11:7-8.". In: Paper presented at KVA scientific meeting on . Taylor & Francis; 1987.
1986
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. (1986): Common poisons-poultry.". In: Paper presented at KVA scientific meeting on . Taylor & Francis; 1986.
C PROFBEBORALILLY. "Bebora L.C. (1986): Salmonellosis in poultry: the disease, its diagnosis and Prevention.". In: Paper presented at KVA scientific meeting on . Taylor & Francis; 1986.
1985
1979

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