Publications

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Book
Upanga wa Radhi . Focus publishers; Forthcoming.
Mungai C, Opondo M, Outa G, Nelson V, Nyasimi M, Kimeli P. Uptake of climate-smart agriculture through a gendered intersectionality lens: experiences from Western Kenya. Cham: Springer; 2017. Abstractlink.springer.com

This study conducted in western Kenya demonstrates how a gendered intersectionality lens can be used to explore how and the extent to which farming communities are coping with climate change. Results from a quantitative survey undertaken with 51 farmers and from 4 focused group discussions held with 33 farmers (19 males and 14 females) indicate that 85% of the respondents are willing to adopt climate-smart agriculture (CSA) interventions if constraining factors are resolved. This study reveals that farmers, regardless of whether they are male or female, are willing to adopt climate-smart technologies and practices. However, factors such as ethnicity, education, age, and marital status determine the levels of uptake of CSA technologies and practices. Looking at crops, for instance, we find a high uptake (62.7%) of improved high yielding varieties (HYVs) amongst farmers with primary level education, meaning literacy levels influence the adoption of practices. Analysis using age as a lens reveals that there is a high uptake among youth and adults. Interestingly, the study site comprises both the Luo and Kalenjin ethnic communities and even though they neighbor each other, we find a high rate of uptake among the Luo community due to existing social and cultural norms and practices related to farming. In conclusion, using a gendered intersectionality lens strengthens the argument for targeted interventions that focus on local needs and priorities while recognizing local contexts as informed by social, cultural, and economic factors.

Keywords
Climate-smart agriculture Uptake Gender Intersectionality Kenya

Wagoro MCA, Duma SE, Mayers P, Preston Chitere. Using grounded theory to develop a conceptual model: The Kenyan experience. SAGE Publications Ltd; 2017. Abstract
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Idenya PM. Under the Watchful Eye of Mary: LIVING the MYSTERIES of the HOLY ROSARY. UK: AuthorHouse; 2016. AbstractAuthorHouse UK

As the Lord Jesus faced imminent death upon the Cross, He dedicated all His beloved disciples to a love relationship with His Mother saying, “Behold your mother!” St. John was present at the foot of the Cross, representing all mankind. And from that hour, he took her into his home. This commissioning of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Mother of all mankind illustrates the great love with which the LORD Jesus offered His life for all peoples - by giving us the gift of His mother. All are to comprehend that Mary has an active role to play in our faith and in our spiritual life. We acknowledge that this is how the LORD Jesus wished to bring His Sacrifice to completion by entrusting His mother to His beloved disciple, and in the beloved disciple to all mankind. It is a concrete maternal love relationship between Mary and all who trustingly commend themselves to her care. Under the watchful eye of Mary is a spiritual journey where we learn from the Blessed Mother of God what living a worthy discipleship in the LORD is, and we meditatively pray with the Blessed Mary as the first Christian Community did before Pentecost.

Mogambi H. Usilie Yakobo. Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers Ltd; 2015.
Okello JJ;, Ofwona-Adera, Edith; Mbatia, L.E; O, Okello RM. Using ICT to Integrate Smallholder Farmers into Agricultural Value Chain: The Case of DrumNet Project in Kenya.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

This article examines an ICT-based intervention (known as the DrumNet project) that has succeeded in integrating smallholder-resource and poor farmers into a higher value agricultural chain. The article assesses the design of the project, and how it resolves the smallholder farmers’ idiosyncratic market failures and examines member-farmers’ marketing margins. The article finds that the design of the DrumNet project resolves smallholder farmers’ credit, insurance and information market failures and enables them to overcome organizational failure. The article concludes that successful ICT-based interventions for integrating farmers into higher value agricultural value chains require an integrated approach to tackling smallholder farmers’ constraints. The findings have implications for the design of future ICT-based interventions in agriculture.

Okello JJ;, Ofwona-Adera, Edith; Mbatia, L.E; O, Okello RM. Using ICT to Integrate Smallholder Farmers into Agricultural Value Chain: The Case of DrumNet Project in Kenya.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

This article examines an ICT-based intervention (known as the DrumNet project) that has succeeded in integrating smallholder-resource and poor farmers into a higher value agricultural chain. The article assesses the design of the project, and how it resolves the smallholder farmers’ idiosyncratic market failures and examines member-farmers’ marketing margins. The article finds that the design of the DrumNet project resolves smallholder farmers’ credit, insurance and information market failures and enables them to overcome organizational failure. The article concludes that successful ICT-based interventions for integrating farmers into higher value agricultural value chains require an integrated approach to tackling smallholder farmers’ constraints. The findings have implications for the design of future ICT-based interventions in agriculture.

Jerono P, Hillary S, Andrew C, O.N. J. A Unified Orthography for Kalenjin Languages of Kenya. South Africa: CASAS; 2012.
Oduor J, Jerono P, Sang H, Chelimo A. A Unified Orthography of Kalenjin Languages (Keiyo, Kipsigis, Marakwet, Nandi, Pokot, Sabaot, and Tugen). Cape Town: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Societies (CASAS).; 2012.
Wanjala AN. An Unsettled Hearth: Womens Voices in Postcolonial Kenyan Fiction. Berlin: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
Oketch E. A Users Handbook: A Practical Guide to Election Victory for Women Political Candidates. Nairobi: Caucus for Women’s Leadership; 2012.
Graham MD, Nyumba TO. The use of electrified fences to mitigate human-elephant conflict: experiences from the Laikipia Plateau in northern Kenya. South Africa: Mammmal Research Institute, University of Pretoria.; 2010.
Mweri JG. UTANGULIZI WA ISIMU. Nairobi: Kenya literature Bureau; 2010.
Bocquier P, Otieno AAT, Khasakhala A, Owuor S. Urban integration in Africa: A socio demographic survey of Nairobi. . Dakar: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA; 2009.
Bocquier P, Otieno AAT, Khasakhala A, Owuor S. Urban integration in Africa: A socio demographic survey of Nairobi. . Dakar: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA; 2009.
Wamitila KW. Uncle's Joke: A Play.; 2007.Website
MBATIAH PMWENDA. Upotevu. NAIROBI: Phoenix Publishers; 2005.
MANGALA MJ. Urban Farming along Nairobi River. erepository.uonbi.ac.ke; 2005. AbstractWebsite

Nairobi River originates from a swamp near Kikuyu town, about 24 kilometres west of Nairobi city centre and meanders across the city covering a stretch of about 30 kilometres. Within the city area, the river is contaminated by runoff waters; untreated effluent from …

Wamitila KW. Uhakiki wa Fasihi.; 2002.Website
Oucho JO. Undercurrents of Ethnic Conflict in Kenya. Leiden: The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers; 2002.
Gachene CKK;, Klingspor P;, Oduor AR. Use of cover crops to improve soil productivity: preliminary studies using tropical velvet bean.; 2000. AbstractWebsite

Initial observations of a two-phase trial on the use of Mucuna deeringianum [M. deeringiana] to improve soil productivity are presented. In phase one, 42 seeds were sown at Kabete, Kenya, in October 1990 with 89% germination rate. By September 1991, 4 kg of beans had been harvested. The second phase studied the effects of M. deeringiana on improving crop cover and reducing soil loss at Mbooni and Kabete, resp. Initial observations show that the crop preformed fairly well, providing a cover of up to 25cm uncompressed thickness. Treatments on the runoff plots at Kabete include: bare ground (control), M. deeringiana; maize; the two crops intercropped and sown at the same time; intercropping with M. deeringiana sown one week after the maize; or intercropped with M. deeringiana sown two weeks after the maize. The highest soil loss was found on the bare plot (65 t/ha), followed by the intercropped plot with two weeks between sowing (50 t/ha). Soil loss was lowest in runoff plots with a pure stand of M. deeringiana (11 t/ha). Intercropping and sown at the same time provided highest percentage cover.

Gichuki FN;, Mungai DN;, Gachene CKK;, Thomas DB. Use of soil survey information in soil and water management..; 2000. AbstractWebsite

The results of soil surveys at the ICIPE research site at Ungoye, South Nyanza, and the Ngori Ngori toposequence in Narok, Kenya, are discussed to provide insight into the applicability of soil survey information to soil and water management. It is concluded that soil survey information in soil and water management programmes can be used through understanding and appreciation of the criteria used in categorizing soils and their management implications. From the examples given it is noted that chemical aspects of the soil should be viewed not just as a means to assess its fertility, but also as a base to predict the behaviour of the soils when subjected to different types of management.

Gichuki FN;, Mungai DN;, Gachene CKK;, Thomas DB. Use of soil survey information in soil and water management..; 2000. AbstractWebsite

The results of soil surveys at the ICIPE research site at Ungoye, South Nyanza, and the Ngori Ngori toposequence in Narok, Kenya, are discussed to provide insight into the applicability of soil survey information to soil and water management. It is concluded that soil survey information in soil and water management programmes can be used through understanding and appreciation of the criteria used in categorizing soils and their management implications. From the examples given it is noted that chemical aspects of the soil should be viewed not just as a means to assess its fertility, but also as a base to predict the behaviour of the soils when subjected to different types of management.

J.O O. Urban migrants and rural development in Kenya. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 1996.
Book Chapter
Mbatia T. "Urban Green Tourism in Nairobi's Karura Forest: Experiences and Potentials of Urban Eco-tourism in Urban Forests of Nairobi.". In: Beyond the Safari. Nairobi: French Research Institute in Africa; Forthcoming.
Mutembei HM NG. "Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in Nairobi; status of governance instruments in food security and Livelihoods.". In: Drivers, challenges and Sustainability issues in food security in Africa. Nairobi: Kenya Literature BureauUnversity press; 2019.
TIMAMMY RAYYA. "Ushairi katika Siasa Lamu.". In: Kiswahili, Utangamano na Maendeleo Endelevu Afrika Mashariki. Zanzibar: Kamisheni ya Kiswahili ya Afrika Mashariki; 2019.
Esther Githumbi, Marchant R, Olago D. "Using the Past to Inform a Sustainable Future: Palaeoecological Insights from East Africa.". In: Using the Past to Inform a Sustainable Future. Springer, Cham; 2019. Abstractusing_past.pdf

Abstract

An important aspect of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which aims to limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5 °C by 2050, has been the development of monitoring and evaluation plans that integrate climate change perspectives into new policies and programs for the protection and functioning of ecological systems. These include measures that enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change. Ecosystem change and the interaction of the different drivers of change in ecosystems have been studied at different temporal and spatial scales across different disciplines. However, the use of long temporal records documenting environmental and climatic change in understanding the impacts of the interacting drivers of change and planning sustainable use of resources is relatively new. We present examples of the use of palaeoecological data from East Africa in planning for the long-term sustainable use of natural resources by providing long-term historical perspectives on human–environment–societal–wildlife interactions and engagement with the biocultural heritage and societal evaluations of these spaces to achieve an increasingly diverse set of conservation, social and economic objectives. We link the Earth system processes whose associated boundaries can be directly related to sustainable development goals in our attempt to prevent unacceptable environmental change. The realisation that humans are having a significant impact on climate and landscapes means we now need to showcase the societal relevance of palaeoecological research and utilise its output especially in our efforts to remain within a safe operating space for humanity and ecosystems.

Otieno DJ, Oluoch-Kosura W, Olumeh DE, Maroma DK. "Understanding Local Stakeholder Perspectives on Climate Change: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Western Kenya.". In: Understanding Local Stakeholder Perspectives on Climate Change: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Western Kenya, chapter eight, p95 – 102. In: Muluken, E.A. and Wolfgang, B. (eds.). Value Chain Development for Food Security in the Context of Climate. Berlin: Verlag Dr. Koster; 2018.
Shah P. "The urban future of food and nutrition security.". In: Food security, renewable energy and water: Insights on sustainability. Nairobi: University of Nairobi ; 2018.
Magutu PJ. "Urban Low-Income Housing and Community Development: A Reformulation with Case Studies from Kenya, 2015, .". In: Urban Low-Income Housing and Community Development: A Reformulation with Case Studies from Kenya, 2015, . OmniScriptum GmbH & Co., Saarbrucken, Germany.: Scholars’ Press; 2015.
Kamau K, IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Uchapishaji wa Bunilizi za Kiswahili: Ukweli-kinzani na Umuhimu wa Mwelekeo Mpya.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbalimbali. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2014.
KIPCHIRCHIR KO, Kinuthia NR, Githaiga WR. "Use of Prosopis juliflora Seedpod as Livestock Feed Supplement in the Arid and Semi-arid Rangelands of Kenya.". In: Science, Policy and Politics of Modern Agricultural System . Netherlands: Springer ; 2014.book_chapter-springer_netherlands..pdf
Michira N, IRIBEMWANGI PI, Mbatia M, Mutiga J. "Uwezeshaji Lugha ili Kuleta Maendeleo: Sera, Utendaji na Nafasi ya Kiswahiili.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Limited; 2014. Abstractuwezeshaji_lugha_ili_kuleta_maendeleo.docxuwezeshaji_lugha_ili_kuleta_maendeleo.pdf

Uwezeshaji Lugha ili Kuleta Maendeleo: Sera, Utendaji na Nafasi ya Kiswahili
Jayne Mutiga
Ikisiri
Nafasi ya lugha za waliokuwa wakoloni Afrika kama vile; Kiingereza, Kifaransa na Kireno, imezisukuma lugha za Kiafrika hadi ukingoni katika maendeleo ya kijamii na kiuchumi barani Afrika. Lugha za Kiafrika zimevurugwa na kutengwa katika msitari wa mbele wa uchumi wa nchi ambapo lugha hizi zinazungumzwa, jambo ambalo linaonekana kuwa mojawapo ya visababishi vya Afrika kutokuwa na maendeleo. Jambo hili limesasababishwa na nafasi ya lugha zilizokuwa zinatumiwa na wakoloni, kama vile Kiingereza, Kifaransa na Kireno na kuendelezwa na mtazamo wa waafrika wenyewe ambao huzidunisha lugha zao na kuamini kwamba wataweza kujiendeleza kupitia kumilisi vyema na kutumia lugha zilizotumiwa na serikali za kikoloni; jambo hili pamoja na wazo kuwa lugha ndiyo msingi au nguzo ya mchakato wa maendeleo ya namna yoyote ile. Swali la kujiuliza ni: Je, bara la Afrika linaweza kujipatia maendeleo yaliyo thabiti wakati wazungumzaji wanaendelea kutumia lugha ambazo zinaonekana kuzuia kuelimishwa pamoja na mawasiliano miongoni mwa watu wengi? Hivyo basi, lengo la makala haya ni kuangazia vile lugha inaweza kuwezeshwa ili kusaidia watumizi wake kushiriki katika shughuli za maendeleo ya nchi yao. Aidha inaendelea kuangazia njia ambazo zinaweza kutumiwa kuwezesha lugha ya Kiswahili nchini Kenya na katika eneo la Afrika Mashariki ili kuendeleza eneo hili wakati huu ambapo kuna katiba mpya na uundaji sera mpya nchini Kenya.

R. M, Walker R, P J. "Ugonjwa wa Parkinsons.". In: Nyenzo katika kiswahili. Hesperian.org; 2013.
P J. "Uanuwai wa Lugha na Utaifa Barani Afrika.". In: Kiswahili na Utaifa Nchini Kenya. Nairobi: Twaweza Communications; 2012.
"Uhuru Ulioupania.". In: unani Marekani? na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Target Publishers.; 2011.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. "Uchochoro wa Mauti .". In: Mizungu YaManabii na Hadithi Nyingine. Phoenix; 2010.
Oucho JO. "Undercurrents of Post-Election Violence in Kenya: Issues in the Long-Term Agenda.". In: Tensions and Reversals in Democratic Transitions: The Kenya 2007 General Elections. Nairobi: Society for International Development and Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi; 2010.
"Understanding Intention to Use Computer Assisted Audit Tools and Techniques (CAATTs) Using UTAUT Model: Perspectives of Auditors in Kenya National Audit Offi ce (KENAO)."; 2010. Abstract

Adoption of computer assisted audit tools and techniques (CAATTs) has become fundamental in many audit methodologies owing to rapid advances in clients' information system usage. Audit standards encourage auditors to adopt CAATTs to improve audit efficiency and effectiveness. However, the pace of adoption has been slow among auditors. We employed a well validated information technology (IT) model, the unifi ed theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to model the voluntary adoption of technology in auditing. A survey instrument to collect quantitative data on the model’s predictors, intention to use CAATTs and individual characteristics was used. Data was obtained from 70 auditors of Kenya National Audit Offi ce (KENAO). Results indicate that performance expectancy, effort expectancy, facilitating conditions and professional influence, affect the probability that auditors will adopt and use CAATTs. The model explains 69 percent of the variance of the auditors’ behavioral intention to use CAATTs. Though age, gender and experience are moderating influences to many UTAUT predictors, none had a signiicant effect on intention for auditors. These results suggest UTAUT to be a valid model for studying technology adoption decisions among auditors, but other individual characteristics need to be explored. This paper contributes to literature and research on technology acceptance in general, and is also important to auditing research and practice. To increase CAATTs usage, audit firm’s management needs to develop training programs to increase auditors’ degree of ease and enhance their organizational and computer technical support for CAATTs. Regulators need to make a stronger recommendation; and a more direct regulatory intervention in adoption decisions.

MARY MWIANDI. "University ‘Third Mission’- Service: A Case of University of Nairobi.". In: Reshaping Research Universities in the Nile Basin Countries . Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2010.
Graham MD, Nyumba TO. "The use of electrified fences to mitigate human-elephant conflict: experiences from the Laikipia Plateau in northern Kenya.". In: Fencing Impacts: A Review of the Environmental, Social and Economic Impacts of Game and Veterinary Fencing in Africa with Particular Reference to the Great Limpopo and Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Areas. Mammmal Research Institute, University of Pretoria.; 2010:. Abstract
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Oketch E. "The Use of Traditional Conflict Management Methods in the Nation- State Conflict in Africa.". In: Governance, Institutions and the Human Condition. Nairobi: Strathmore University Press; 2009.
Kiiru J, Mburu, Siddhartha S. "User Costs of Joint Liability Borrowing and their Effects on Livelihood Assets for Rural Poor Households.". In: Gender and Pro Poor Growth. New Delhi: Arise Publishers and Distributors; 2009.
(eds.) OCO, et al. "The Use of Criminal Law in Enforcing Environmental Law.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. Nairobi: East African Education Publishers; 2008.
Prasad SP. "The Use of the Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental Law.". In: The Use of the Public Trust Doctrine in Environmental Law. Hyderabad India: ICFAI Press; 2008.
"Umezikumbuka Zabibu.". In: Shingo ya Mbunge na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide Mua Publisher; 2007.
Koech ID. ""Urbanization Process and the Spread of STDs, HIV and AIDS in Africa.". In: (eD) Demistifying AIDS in Africa: Nairobi: KEMRI. Nairobi; 2007.
Shillington K. ""Urbanization, Housing and Environment".". In: (ed) Encyclopedia of African History. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers; 2007.
Jerono P. "Usaliti.". In: Kurudi Nyumbani na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus ; 2007.
Ngugi RW, Were M, Makau P, Mensah J, Macmillan P. "Understanding the Reform Porcess in Kenya.". In: Understanding Economic Reforms in Kenya.; 2006.
Kabura M, Muriithi L, Gathigi G. "Ushikwapo Shikamana: Increasing Dialogue in Communities.". In: Culture, Entertainment and Health promotion in Africa. Nairobi: Population Communication International; 2005.
Baldygal TJ, Miller SN, Driese KL, Gichaba MC. "Using Landsat Imagery to Analyse Land Cover Change in the Njoro Watershed, Kenya.". In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers. Wageningen- Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2005. Abstract

Keywords: land cover, remote sensing, Landsat

INTRODUCTION

In developing nations where resources are scarce and increased population pressures create stress on available resources. methods are needed to examine effects of human migration and resultant changes in land cover. Widespread availability and low cost of remotely sensed imagery and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are making such methods a reality to develop quantitative resource mapping and land cover change detection in developing nations (Sheng et al.. l997). However, difficulties arise in tropical regions When trying to analyse traditional vegetation bands (Bands 3 and 4). or indices such as NDVI because saturated pixels limit spectral distinction.

Prof. Wamutiso K. "Utenzi wa Hamziyyah .". In: The Hamziyyah Epic. Dar-es-Salaam: Institute of Kiswahili Research, University of Dar-es-Salaam,; 2005.
Ikamari LDE. "The Use of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in Differential Mortality Analysis.". In: Population, Health and Development in Africa.; 2001.
Case
OLIECH JS, ODHIAMBO A, GACHIE A, BYAKIKA B. UNUSUAL CAUSE OF ACUTE URINARY RETENTION (AUR) COLORECTAL ADENOCARCINOMA, METASTATIC TO URINARY BLADDER: CASE REPORT.; 2013. Abstract

A 72 year old African male presented with a 2 weeks history of haematurla with clots, dysuria, nocturia, frequency and subsequently 2 day history of acute urinary retention (AUR). There were no colonic symptoms of mucus discharge, blood per rectum or malaena stools. Imaging studies demonstrated a tumour mass invading the roof of the urinary bladder whilst cyctoscopic finding were inconclusive. Following surgical intervention, the mass was subjected to histopathological evaluation which confirmed colonic adenocarcinoma matastasis in the urinary bladder. It is now 4 ½ years since surgery was carried out and follow up shows good prognosis.

Conference Paper
Mbatia T. "Urban Green Spaces and Urban Eco-tourism in Nairobi: The Case of Nairobi National Park.". In: Bio-divercities Rio 2012. Rio de Janeiro; Submitted.
Akunda EM, Kumar B. "Using internal plant water status as a criterion for scheduling irrigation in coffee in east of rift valley Kenya.". In: Kenya coffee vol. 47. No. 560, 281- 284. Kisipan, M.L.; Submitted. Abstract

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B DRSINGHCHANDRA. "Unsteady Magneto-hydrodynamic Channel flow of a Dusty Rivlin Erictiuon fluid.". In: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Sofia, ,X, NO.3. Materials Research Society; Submitted.
B DRSINGHCHANDRA. "Unsteady Magneto-hydrodynamic flow of Dusty fluid through a Channel.". In: International Symposia in Mathematics, B.H.U. (INDIA). Materials Research Society; Submitted.
B DRSINGHCHANDRA. "Unsteady Magneto-hydrodynamic fluid flow through a Channel.". In: J. of Scientific Research, B.H.U. (INDIA), Vol. XXVIII (2). Materials Research Society; Submitted.
B DRSINGHCHANDRA. "Unsteady motion of a conducting fluid through a square Channel under Transverse Magnetic field.". In: International Symposia in Mathematics, Banaras Hindu University (INDIA). Materials Research Society; Submitted.
AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Upflow Filters in Flocculation and Direct Filtration of Waters of High Turbidity; Ph.D. Thesis,.". In: Tampere University of Technology, Finland,. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; Submitted. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Utrasound findings; Their Importance and their Nursing and Medical Education Implication- The Case of Ectopic Pregnancies.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, 38 (1) 55-59. Dr. Onditi Elias G.D, Prof. Anna K. Karani & Prof. Simon Kangethe; Submitted. Abstract

Background: Utrasound  technology continues advancing in techniques and diagnosis. It remains a field of specialists where nurses and other health workers are uneducated on it. Objectives: Determine pattern of ultrasound findings in ectopic pregnancy, involvement of nursing staff, determine medical education implications.Design: Retrospective, prospective and on-going study over 8 year period. Focus group discussions with nursing and medical education analysts. Setting: Memorial Hospital Eldoret, Kenya.Participants - 81 patients with ectopic pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasound.Results: Age range 19-39 years - 34.6% Unruptured ectopic pregnancy - 44.5%, Ruptured 43.2%, chronic leaking 2.3%.Conclusion: Ultrasound aids diagnosis and can grade type of pregnancy. Need to demystify science to nurses, clinical officers and other health workers.Recommendation: Medical education to include ultrasound to existing curriculaspecifying roles by health workers. Use participatory teaching methods for ultrasound technology. 

Akach JA. "Unearth tourism assets through co-design: Creative methods to engage the youth .". In: 2nd Annual Architecture and Engineering Conference. University of Nairobi; 2019.
Muigua K. "Utilising Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms to Manage Commercial Disputes.". In: 1st Nairobi Centre for International Arbitration (NCIA) Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) National Conference. InterContinental Hotel, Nairobi; 2018.
Ondieki EO. "The urgent need for new housing policies in an entrenched neoliberal economic environment.". In: “Forms of Freedom, African Independence and Nordic Models” . Vol. Volume 10. Museums of Kenya, Nairobi; 2016:.abstract_-_forms_of_freedom.pdfa_need_for_new_housing_policies_.pdf
Tumisang Liphoto MM. "Ubiquitous traffic management with fuzzy logic — Case study of Maseru, Lesotho .". In: IST-Africa Week Conference, 2016.; 2016. Abstract

Maseru is the capital city of Lesotho and is a relatively small city with roughly 67 vehicles registered each day. Traffic lights are used with the intension of effectively managing vehicular traffic at junctions. These traffic lights follow a predetermined sequence usually based on historic data. As a result of this design, they inherently fail to efficaciously manage traffic flow when it is abnormal. Vehicles on one side have to wait even though there are no cars on other sides of the road. The consequences of this include increased congestion and atmospheric air pollution. Technological advancements have resulted in the now widely researched Internet of Things paradigm with one of its applications being vehicular traffic management. The focus of this paper is the design of a prototype reactive system based on Internet of Things whose functionality includes traffic lights that are capable of reacting to prevailing conditions. The system makes use of Radio Frequency IDentifier technology and mobile tools to ubiquitously collect traffic data and disseminate value added traffic information

Wachira K. "Use of Emergent Mid-Level Computational Devices in the Creation of Robust and Affordable Auxiliary Infrastructure Subsystems.". In: 22nd Institution of Engineers of Kenya International Conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 2015.
Martelat JE, G G, D O, Bosse V, Omito E, D I’i, Nyamai CM, Wamunyu A, Monie P. "U/Pb Ages of zircon and monazite from the tsavorite-bearing Neoproterozic rocks of southeastern Kenya, and the significance of static crystallisation of the tsavorite.". In: 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Nancy, France; 2015. Abstract

Tsavorite, the vanadian variety of green grossular, is hosted exclusively in metasedimentary formations in the Neoproterozoic Metamorphic Mozambique Belt. In order to understand the origin of tsavorite in southeastern Kenya we integrated field investigations, geochemical studies, and dating. Two units are seen in outcrop: 1) a metasedimentary sequence, and 2) a quartz-feldspar migmatitic group. This second group of rocks shows classic "Pan-african geometry" with vertical and horizontal foliation planes. The metamorphism attains granulite facies. The metasedimentary sequence is different and recorded lower metamorphism (high-amphibolite facies, 680 °C), and if static recrystallization occurs, few traces of melting was observed. Landslide with sediment deformation structures of the sedimentary deposition are preserved. Systematic LA-ICPMS U/Pb dating was done on monazite and zircon. The migmatitic rocks recorded ages from 615 Ma to 585 Ma. The metasedimentary rocks recorded ages from 600 Ma to 595 Ma. Older ages of 850-720 Ma seems to be inherited ages from magmatic minerals. The formation of tsavorite is the result of a sedimentary sequence preserved from strain but heated by surrounding granulitic rocks between 600 to 595 Ma. The regional associated tectonic process is unclear but efficient for vertical displacement. We suggest that it is a peculiar event and process, and was unable to completely recrystallize the sedimentary rocks. These last are exceptionally preserved from strain and melt, a case that may be unique in the world.

Ndiritu A, Mwangi N, Mburu D. "use of computers in education: for kids or adults learning?". In: 2nd AFRICE International Conference .; 2015. Abstract

Abstract
Development has greatly been associated with the level of technology. Countries that have succeeded in harnessing the potential of ICT have been said to have taken a positive step towards a greatly expanded economic growth, improved human welfare and stronger forms of democratic governance. There are however a lot of imbalances between countries that have access to ICT hence the notion of digital divide. In developing countries, this divide can be found in the preliminaries of being able to reap the advantages of ICT. In Kenya, there are not just discrepancies in the availability of resources but also in the ability to use the few available resources. This digital divide is even wider in that investment of ICT seems to be more biased towards the formal sector than other sectors of education. Although there is a lot of effort made like digitization of educational materials for the formal sector, it is important to find out how this is realized in adult literacy classes. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of computers by the ECD student teachers and adult education learners. The study further explored the integration of ICT in teaching and learning in the two categories of learners. Two researcher developed questionnaires were used to gather the required information: one for the ECD teachers who were in their training sessions and the other for adult learners in session in all parts of country. The paper stresses the indisputable need for use of computers to promote education whether in formal or non-formal sector. The sample consisted of 395 pre-school teacher trainees and 200 adult learners. The findings indicated that only (39.17%) ECD teacher trainers and (90%) of adult learners had not acquired any computer skills. All the learners in ECD training and 88% of the respondents felt that computer skills would greatly improve their learning and help them to engage better with their environment which is full of ICT related gadgets. Based on these findings, it was recommended that there is need for the government to invest more in computers which should be made available in all centres in Kenya.

Keywords: Computer literacy, computer, information and communication technology, digital divide, teaching and learning

D.W. Gakuya, T.O.Abuom, C.Onyango, L.K.Cheruiyot. "Use of sodium hypochlorite (jik) in the management of dermatophytosis (ringworm) in a dairy cattle farm in Kiambu County.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
Mulongo AM, Omulo EOT, William Okelo-Odongo. "User Centric Integration of Remote Portlets using Presentation Oriented Web Services.". In: IBM/Unesco-Hp Workshop on Trends in Distributed Computing Applications. Nairobi; 2013.
Karuga S, GATARI MJ, Maina DM, Shepherd KD, Nyambura, M., Galgallo A, Gichohi BM. "Uptake of Zinc in Sugarcane: An Experiment using samples from Nairobi River Basin.". In: 6th Africa Soil Science Society (ASSS) and the 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa (SSSEA) conference. Nakuru, Kenya; 2013.
Karimurio J. "Using Endnote to manage bibliographic information.". In: COECSA Research training and dessemination. Kampala, Uganda; 2013.using_endnote_to_manage_bibliographic_information.pdf
Vuluku G, Wambugu A, Moyi E. "Unemployment and Underemployment in Kenya: A Gender Gap Analysis.". In: Economics. Vol. Vol.2.; 2013:.
Ndiritu A, GIKONYO NAOMI, Gakuu C, MBOROKI GUANTAI. "UNIVERSITY MANAGERS PARTICIPATION IN DISTANCE EDUCATION: WHAT ROLE DOES THEIR LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE IN DISTANCE EDUCATION PLAY?".; 2013. Abstract

University managers have tried to attain improved access and equity in higher education for development. In recent years, there has been a major shift towards Distance Education as universities strive to attain this goal and to strengthen the social pillar of Kenya Vision 2030 development agenda. Use of ICT in teaching and learning in conventional mode of education was thought to be the means to increase access and equity in higher education but this has not been sufficient. More innovations are being explored as the universities struggle with the challenge of access and equity in higher education. Distance education has slowly been adopted in public universities in Kenya. This provides access to higher education by persons who are geographically distant from the institutions of higher learning and those whose responsibilities cannot allow them to attend classes among other challenges. The study sought to establish the extent to which managers’ level of knowledge in Distance Education has influenced their participation in Distance Education activities at the public universities in Kenya. The sample consisted of 196 managers drawn from seven public universities in Kenya. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used in analysis. The results indicated a significant positive correlation between level of knowledge in Distance Education and managers’ participation in Distance Education activities. Based on these findings, it is important to ensure that the managers are trained in Distance Education and its practice, and how to apply it in order to improve access and equity in higher education in order to support the national and international development agenda.
KEY WORDS: Participation, distance education, level of knowledge, university managers, study support, access and equity.

Karanja F, Lohmann P. "Using Developable Land Units as an Indicator of Rate of Growth of an Urban Area."; 2013. Abstract

Developable Land Units (DLU) have been used in combination with remotely sensed data as an indicator for tracking the rate of urban growth. The variables used to model this indicator(DLU) are namely available vacant land, high land value, moderate elevation and compatibility with already existing land uses. Dar-esalaam, Tanzania, is used as the case study, specifically existing land use information (1992) is used to provide data pertaining to available vacant land and neighbourhood (i.e. compatibility), elevation data used was derived from ERS (1/2) data, whereas land value is obtained from mapped landform characteristics. The modelled developable land units is combined with new developed areas from 1998 SPOT multispectral data to estimate the amount of development occurring within this period i.e. between 1992 to 1998. The advantage of remotely sensed data in providing information continuously has been exploited in this regard, thus enabling a growth rate index to be estimated based on developable land units. The results obtained show that developable land units can be used successfully for monitoring growth and not only for predominantly allocating new developments as has been the case in the past.

Cornish LA, Shongwe MB, Odera B, Odusote JK, Witcomb MJ, Chown LH, Rading GO, Papo MJ. "Update on the development of platinum-based alloys for potential high-temperature applications. .". In: Proceedings of Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Platinum 2012 Conference. Sun City, South Africa; 2012.
Omucheni DL, Kaduki KA, Angeyo HK, Bulimo WD. "Utility of multivariate chemometric techniques in multispectral imaging: an application to malaria diagnostics.". In: 2nd African-European Conference on Chemometrics. Stellenbosch, South Africa ; 2012.
K'Kakumu D. "Urban migration policy and its implications for housing in Nairobi.". In: The First Conference on Urbanization and Rural-Urban Migration in Sub- Saharan Africa. Nairobi,Kenya; 2012.
Karanja, N.K, Wachira, P.M, Muthomi, J.W, Phiri, I.K., Mutegi, C.K, Nzioki, H.S, Gikaru, A.K, Kanampiu. "Use of geographical information system to determine incidence of Aspergillus section flavi in different soils in Kaiti, Kenya.". In: 13th ARI Conference: Agricultural innovation system for improved productivity and competitiveness in pursuit of vision 2030”. KARI HQs; 2012.
Omucheni DL, Angeyo HK, Kaduki KA, Bulimo WD. "Utility of Multivariate Chemometrics Techniques in Multispectral Image Analysis: An Application to Malaria Diagnostics.". In: Second African-European Conference on Chemometrics. Stellenbosch, South Africa; 2012.
Ongeti KW, Saidi H, Ogeng'o JA. "Unusual formation of the median nerve associated with the third head of biceps brachii.". In: Clinical anatomy. Clinical anatomy; 2012. Abstract

Unilateral variations in the formation of the median nerve, with the presence of the third head of the biceps brachii entrapping the nerve are very rare. These variations were observed on the right side, of a 30 year old male cadaver during routine dissection at the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi. The median nerve was formed by the union of three contributions; two from the lateral cord and one from the medial cord. An additional head of the biceps brachii looped over the formed median nerve. On the left side the median nerve was formed classically by single contributions from the medial and the lateral cords. These variations are clinically important because symptoms of high median nerve compression arising from similar formations are often confused with more common causes such as radiculopathy and carpal tunnel syndrome.

ONGETI DRKEVINWANGWE, HASSAN PROFSAIDI, A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Unusual formation of the median nerve associated with the third head of biceps brachii.". In: Clinical anatomy. Clinical anatomy; 2012. Abstract
Unilateral variations in the formation of the median nerve, with the presence of the third head of the biceps brachii entrapping the nerve are very rare. These variations were observed on the right side, of a 30 year old male cadaver during routine dissection at the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi. The median nerve was formed by the union of three contributions; two from the lateral cord and one from the medial cord. An additional head of the biceps brachii looped over the formed median nerve. On the left side the median nerve was formed classically by single contributions from the medial and the lateral cords. These variations are clinically important because symptoms of high median nerve compression arising from similar formations are often confused with more common causes such as radiculopathy and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Masinde M, Wainaina J, Bagula A. "Using NLIDB to Make Weather Information Relevant to Kenyan Farmers.". In: African Conference on Software Engineering and Applied Computing. Cape Town, South Africa; 2011.
Klopp J, Ngau P, Sclar E. "University/City Partnerships: Creating Policy Networks for Urban Transformation in Nairobi."; 2011. Abstract

Kenya's capital city, Nairobi, like many rapidly growing cities in the global South is confronting massive inter-related problems of slum expansion, violence, ethnic segregation, poor service delivery, public health hazards and environmental degradation. These problems, in turn, are deep reflections of a long history of inequitable power relations at both local and global levels, repression, democratic institutional failure and skewed, exclusive urban policy and planning processes. How can a foreign university like Columbia University play a constructive role in this exceptionally challenging context? We argue that part of the answer involves fostering a research and teaching agenda that directly addresses the complexity inherent in the problems of simultaneous urbanization and democratization in places like Nairobi. However, this is not enough. All too often research by external universities fails to circulate or have any impact on urgently needed policy change. We argue that a key role for Columbia University is not just providing research, technical advice or “technology transfer,” rather it is also most critically about nurturing a sustained authentic partnership with local universities to enhance their role in urban transformation. By an authentic partnership we mean a collaboration that produces relationships of trust, honesty, transparency, respect and equity and results in the genuine co-production or facilitation of knowledge for positive local change.1 Fowler succinctly characterizes “authentic partners” versus relations involving “clients” or “counterparts” as involving“equality in ways of working and mutuality in respect for identity, position and role.”2 This paper explores the dynamics and importance of one such a partnership in the field of urban planning. This partnership, which started in April 2005, involves the Centre for Sustainable Urban Development (CSUD)3 at Columbia University and the Department of Urban and Regional Planning (DURP) at the University of Nairobi.

Kosgei T, Makumbi D, Njoroge K. "Use of GGE biplot method to evaluate stability of performance of new maize hybrids in eastern Africa.". In: aGRO 2011 Biennial Conference c2098.; 2011.
Ndung'u I. "The Underlying Reality of Phonological Simplification of Loan Words by Speakers of Kikuyu." Paper Submitted to Applied Linguistics Journal (Attn) Ann Conybeare, Oxford University Press and National Academy of Science Journal; 2011. Abstract
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J MROKELLOJULIUS. "Urban consumers.". In: International Journal of Business and Social Science. 1. Okello, J.J., C. J. Lagerkvist, S. Hess, M. Ngigi, and N. Karanja; 2011. Abstract
The effect of acqueous extract of the tuber of Adenia globosa on the isolated preparation of the rat uterus was determined. The crude drug caused a dose-dependent contraction of the tissue preparation. This action was enhanced by a small dose of oxytocin. The results are discussed in relation to the traditional uses of this plant.
WAMBUA MUSILI. "The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.". In: Exclusive Economic Zone vis a vis fishing rights in the East African coastline. Continental Resort Hotel, Mombasa; 2010.
Khasakhala" "A, Palamuleni" "M. "Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in Lesotho and Malawi.". In: 2010 7. Population of South Africa (PASA) annual conference. DBSA, Johannesburg, South Africa; 2010.
HM M. "Use of assisted reproductive technologies in cattle." Biennial scientific conference, Nairobi; 2010.
MUSEMBI MRNUNGUJOSEPH. "Universalizing Access to Primary Education in Kenya: Myths and Realities.". In: the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) annual conference, Concordia University, Montreal, May - 29-June 1 2010. Frontiers, 2011; 2010. Abstract
Malaria is a major public health problem that is presently complicated by the development of resistance by Plasmodium falciparum to the mainstay drugs. Thus, new drugs with unique structures and mechanism of action are required to treat drug-resistant strains of malaria. Historically, compounds containing a novel structure from natural origin represent a major source for the discovery and development of new drugs for several diseases. This paper presents ethnophytotherapeutic remedies, ethnodiagnostic skills, and related traditional knowledge utilized by the Digo community of the Kenyan Coast to diagnose malaria as a lead to traditional bioprospecting. The current study was carried out in three Digo villages of Diani sub-location between May 2009 and December 2009. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews, and open and close-ended questionnaires. A total of 60 respondents (34 men and 26 women) provided the targeted information. The results show that the indigenous knowledge of Digo community on malaria encompasses not only the symptoms of malaria but also the factors that are responsible for causing malaria, attributes favoring the breeding of mosquitoes and practices employed to guard against mosquito bites or to protect households against malaria. This knowledge is closely in harmony with scientific approaches to the treatment and control of the disease. The Digo community uses 60 medicinal plants distributed in 52 genera and 27 families to treat malaria. The most frequently mentioned symptoms were fever, joint pains, and vomiting while the most frequently mentioned practices employed to guard against mosquito bites and/or to protect households against malaria was burning of herbal plants such as Ocimum suave and ingestion of herbal decoctions and concoctions. The Digo community has abundant ethnodiagnostic skills for malaria which forms the basis of their traditional bioprospecting techniques. Keywords: malaria, antimalarials, ethnopharmacology, ethnodiagnostic skills, Digo community, bioprospecting
BUURI MRKABURIAMARTIN, BUURI MRKABURIAMARTIN. "The unrestricted Dorfman-Sterrett group screening designs without error in decision.". In: ICASTOR Journal of Mathematics. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2010. Abstract
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O DRACHIATHOMASN. "The unrestricted Dorfman-Sterrett group screening designs without error in decision.". In: ICASTOR Journal of Mathematics. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2010. Abstract
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Shah K;, Choge S;, Wahome R;, Muchiri MN;, Kamondo B;, Ochieng D;, Wanjiku J. "Use of prosopis pods in livestock feeds industry: challenges and way forward.".; 2009. Abstract

Prosopis ('Mathenge') is now a common tree species in northern, northeastern and coastal districts of Kenya. From experience, managing the spread of Prosopis appears to be heavily dependent on the level of human interventions at seed stage. In absence of any intervention, the seed forms the main source of spread of the species. Due to the potential of Prosopis particularly prosopis pods to be utilized as a feed resource for livestock production, ILRI, in consultation with KEFRI, Henry Doubleday Research Association (HDRA) and the Department for International Development (DFID) took the initiative to convene a national workshop in March 2007. The workshop theme was to link industry to the Prosopis resource. Its objectives were to bring together representatives of the Livestock Feeds Industry, researchers, developers, communities, local administration and other stakeholders to share local and international experience in the use of Prosopis as a feed resource and generate novel initiatives to catalyze the interest of feed companies on the use of prosopis pods as cost effective ingredient in the formulation of livestock feeds. This paper provides the results of the experiences of collecting, transporting and processing of prosopis pods in Kenya for the last one year. Recommendations towards community mobilization, pricing and promotion on the use of prosopis pods in Kenya's livestock feeds industry are highlighted.

Oboko RO, Omwenga E, Wagacha P. "Using Adaptive Link Hiding to Provide Learners with Additional Learning Materials in a Web-Based System for Teaching Object Oriented Programming.". In: VLIR-IUC-UoN International Conference. Journal of School of Continuous and Distance Education ; 2009. Abstract

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MARTIN DRKOLLMANNKH. "UC Schaller, KHM Kollmann (book chapter): Onkologie (oncology); In: Importierte Tropenkrankheiten (imported tropical diseases): V Klauss, HJ Trojan (Hrsg.), Kadenverlag (Accepted for publication 2009).". In: PMID: 20164797. I.E.K Internatioanl Conference l; 2009. Abstract
{ BACKGROUND: Estimates of intraocular pressure (IOP) are influenced directly by the central corneal thickness (CCT). We assume and apply a single value for CCT (520 mum) in applanation tonometry estimates, although there is compelling evidence that CCT varies between individuals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of CCT and other factors on IOP among Ethiopians. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among 300 sampled individuals from June to July 2006. The CCT was measured using OcuScan(R) RxP Ophthalmic Ultrasound and readings of IOP were made with Goldmann applanation tonometer. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 12 and S-Plus 2000 of statistical packages. RESULTS: Out of 300 individuals, 184 (61.3%) were males. The mean age was 42.57 years (SD+/-16.71), mean IOP 13.39 mm Hg (SD+/-2.81), and mean CCT 518.68 mum (SD+/-32.92). There was statistically significant relationship between CCT and IOP (r=0.199, P<0.001) and a borderline statistically significant detectable change of CCT with age (r=0.012
OBWOCHA MROBOKOROBERT, I DROMWENGAELIJAH, W DRWAGACHAPETER. "Using Adaptive Link Hiding to Provide Learners with Additional Learning Materials in a Web-Based System for Teaching Object Oriented Programming.". In: VLIR-IUC-UoN International Conference. African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 2009. Abstract
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OBWOCHA MROBOKOROBERT, I DROMWENGAELIJAH, W DRWAGACHAPETER. "Using Adaptive Link Hiding to Provide Learners with Additional Learning Materials in a Web-Based System for Teaching Object Oriented Programming.". In: VLIR-IUC-UoN International Conference. Ahmed C.M., Dabelic R., Waiboci L., Jager L.D., Heron L.L. and Johnson H.M.; 2009. Abstract
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OBWOCHA DOBOKOROBERT, I POMWENGAELIJAH, W PWAGACHAPETER. "Using Adaptive Link Hiding to Provide Learners with Additional Learning Materials in a Web-Based System for Teaching Object Oriented Programming.". In: VLIR-IUC-UoN International Conference.; 2009. Abstract
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Muchiri L. "The Utility of a rapid test for syphilis in an ART clinic in Tigoni .". In: Annual Scientific meeting of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS. Nairobi, Kenya; 2008.
Kariuki CN, Waithira MM. "Use Of Operations Research As A Tool For Data Analysis: Fact Or Fiction? An Analysis Of Mba Projects At The School Of Business, University Of Nairobi.". In: Paper presented at the 4TH International Operations Research Society of Eastern Africa (ORSEA) Conference . African Crop Science Society; 2008. Abstract

Operations Research techniques involving modelling a situation or a problem and finding an optimal solution for it. These tools are not designed nor intended to replace managerial decision making, but rather their purpose is to aid in the decision-making process by providing a quantitative basis for decision making. Unfortunately, the proliferation of OR tools in organizational decision making has been lacking, with concerns been expressed about the limited awareness of the business community of OR's potential and capability. Current study was based in the premise that students provide an appropriate avenue, as agent of change, in sensitizing and demonstrating the potential and capacity of OR tools/techniques in resolving various problems, both in public and private sector. Study aimed at evaluating the use of OR as tools of data analysis at MBA level. A sample of 100 MBA research projects undertaken between 2005 and 2007 was randomly selected and their objectives and selected data analysis tools recorded. Where OR tools were not used, the research evaluated if there was a possibility of using OR tools. Results indicated low usage of OR as data analysis, though there was a high potential for the use of OR tools.

Asilla WJ. "The use of controlled electronic communication to enhance visibility and impact; a case of the University of Nairobi.". In: Association of Commonwealth Universities. Southern Sun, Elangeni, Durban South Africa; 2008.mr._asilla.pdf
Kariuki CN, Waithira MM. "Use Of Operations Research As A Tool For Data Analysis: Fact Or Fiction? An Analysis Of Mba Projects At The School Of Business, University Of Nairobi.". In: Paper presented at the 4TH International Operations Research Society of Eastern Africa (ORSEA) Conference, 2008 on . University of Nairobi.; 2008. Abstract

Operations Research techniques involving modelling a situation or a problem and finding an optimal solution for it. These tools are not designed nor intended to replace managerial decision making, but rather their purpose is to aid in the decision-making process by providing a quantitative basis for decision making. Unfortunately, the proliferation of OR tools in organizational decision making has been lacking, with concerns been expressed about the limited awareness of the business community of OR's potential and capability. Current study was based in the premise that students provide an appropriate avenue, as agent of change, in sensitizing and demonstrating the potential and capacity of OR tools/techniques in resolving various problems, both in public and private sector. Study aimed at evaluating the use of OR as tools of data analysis at MBA level. A sample of 100 MBA research projects undertaken between 2005 and 2007 was randomly selected and their objectives and selected data analysis tools recorded. Where OR tools were not used, the research evaluated if there was a possibility of using OR tools. Results indicated low usage of OR as data analysis, though there was a high potential for the use of OR tools.

O DROPEREALFRED. "UNEP 2008. Beekman H.E., Abu-Zeid K., Afouda A., Hughes S., Kane A., Kulindwa K.A., Odada E.O., Opere Alfred., Oyebande L. and Saayman, I.C. : .". In: University of Nairobi. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 2008. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
WAIRIMU DRWAWERU. "Unge C, S.". In: Proceedings of the Third Conference on Information Technology and Economic Development. 2004 Ghana .INTERCED. MBA; 2008. Abstract
No Abstract
Maingi N. "An update on Taenia solium cysticercosis in Kenya.". In: Cysticercosis Working Group in Eastern and Southern Africa (CWGESA) meeting. Maputo Mozambique; 2007.
Maingi, N. "An update on Taenia solium cysticercosis in Kenya.". In: Cysticercosis Working Group in Eastern and Southern Africa (CWGESA) meeting. Maputo, Mozambique; 2007.
Ruhiu S, Anthony Rodrigues, Audenhove LV. "Utilization of ICTs for Poverty Reduction: Towards a Poverty Reduction Framework. .". In: 1 st International Conference in Computer Science and Informatics. Mbagathi, Nairobi; 2007. Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) mean different things to different people; there is little informed discussion on what ICTs actually are; how they are evolving and converging, where they might be going and what the implications are for their further use in poverty reduction. This paper explores the various definitions and conceptualizations of ICTs with a view to arriving at a working definition and conceptualization of ICTs in our attempt to suggest the requirements of a framework for the utilization of ICTs for poverty reduction. To work towards the framework, various definitions and dimensions of poverty are explored and poverty reduction efforts using the capability approach are considered. Lastly, a framework for the utilization of ICTs for poverty reduction is suggested.

Nyanchaga NE. "The use of historical trends in the governance of water and sanitation services to predict the future service level: Kenyan perspective”.". In: The Water and Sanitation Challenge in Africa: What΄s History got to do with it? 5th International Water History Association Conference: Past and Futures of Water” . Tampere, Finland; 2007.
Kimenju JW;, Kagundu AM;, Nderitu JH;, Omuolo FM;, Mutua GK. "Use of green manure plants in cropping systems to suppress root-knot nematodes."; 2007. Abstract

Green manure plants namely Calliandra calothyrsus, Canavalia ensiformis, Chenopodium quinoa, Crotalaria juncea, Desmodium uncinartum, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, Mucuna pruriens, Tephrosia purpurea, Tithonia diversifolia and Vicia villosa were evaluated to determine their reaction to Meloidogyne javanica. Sesbania sesban and Tagetes minuta were included as susceptible and resistant checks respectively. In the glasshouse, pots were filled with steam-sterilized soil, sown with the green manure plant, and then infested with 4,000 eggs and juveniles of M. javanica. Field experiments were conducted in plots infested with a mixed population of M. javanica and M. incognita. Crotalaria juncea, D. uncinartum, G. sepium, L. leucocephala, M. pruriens, T. diversifolia and T. minuta had galling and eggmass indices lower than 2 and reduced nematode populations by up to 80%. Calliandra calothyrsus, C. quinoa and C. ensiformis had galling indices lower than 4 and eggmass indices less than 3.2. Vicia villosa and T. purpurea were susceptible with galling indices greater than 7 and nematode population buildup of up to 500%. Chenopodium quinoa, C. juncea, D. uncinartum, G. sepium, L. leucocephala, M. pruriens and T. diversifolia are suppressive to root-knot nematodes and can therefore be recommended as rotation, fallow or cover crops.

Kimenju JW;, Kagundu AM;, Nderitu JH;, Omuolo FM;, Mutua GK. "Use of green manure plants in cropping systems to suppress root-knot nematodes."; 2007. Abstract

Green manure plants namely Calliandra calothyrsus, Canavalia ensiformis, Chenopodium quinoa, Crotalaria juncea, Desmodium uncinartum, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, Mucuna pruriens, Tephrosia purpurea, Tithonia diversifolia and Vicia villosa were evaluated to determine their reaction to Meloidogyne javanica. Sesbania sesban and Tagetes minuta were included as susceptible and resistant checks respectively. In the glasshouse, pots were filled with steam-sterilized soil, sown with the green manure plant, and then infested with 4,000 eggs and juveniles of M. javanica. Field experiments were conducted in plots infested with a mixed population of M. javanica and M. incognita. Crotalaria juncea, D. uncinartum, G. sepium, L. leucocephala, M. pruriens, T. diversifolia and T. minuta had galling and eggmass indices lower than 2 and reduced nematode populations by up to 80%. Calliandra calothyrsus, C. quinoa and C. ensiformis had galling indices lower than 4 and eggmass indices less than 3.2. Vicia villosa and T. purpurea were susceptible with galling indices greater than 7 and nematode population buildup of up to 500%. Chenopodium quinoa, C. juncea, D. uncinartum, G. sepium, L. leucocephala, M. pruriens and T. diversifolia are suppressive to root-knot nematodes and can therefore be recommended as rotation, fallow or cover crops.

Pauw GD, Waiganjo Wagacha P, D.A. Abade. "Unsupervised Induction of Dholuo Word Classes using Maximum Entropy Learning." In: K. Getao, E. Omwenga, eds. Proceedings of the First International Computer Science and ICT Conference. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi; 2007:. Abstract
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MAINA MRMUIRUWILLIAM. "Use of repetitive extragenic palindromic, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus and BOX sequences in fingerprinting Exserohilum turcicum isolates.". In: UoN research meeting. Botswana Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences; 2007. Abstract
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KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Using Geoinformatics to Identify Suitable Middle to Long Distance Athletics.". In: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 473-484. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2007. Abstract
Kenyan athletes have continued to dominate middle and long distance running in the global arena for a very long time now. In this study the use of geoinformation in selecting suitable training sites for endurance running was investigated. The study area chosen was Keiyo district within the Rift Valley province in Kenya, where a considerable number of the top Kenyan athletes reside and train. Different geospatial data sources were used and relevant criteria selected. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) was employed as the basic tool for modeling and analysis. For each of the 11 regions within the study area, weights were allocated to each of the multiple criteria identified. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determine the overall suitability-ranking index. From the results and analysis performed the regions of Iten, Tambach, Kaptarakwa and Kapkenda respectively were ranked as suitable areas for High-Low training. Kamwosor, Chepkorio, Iten and Kaptarakwa respectively were identified as ideal regions for altitude training. Nyaru and Metkei were determined to be unsuitable for both High-Low and altitude training regimens. The approach formulated in this study can be applied to other areas to enable athletes and coaches identify suitable training sites.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO, KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Use of Geospatial Technology in Identifying Tax Evasion on Rental Income.". In: 1st Eastern African ESRI User Conference. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2006. Abstract
This paper discusses a novel approach for delineating watersheds by integrating spatial and dynamic modeling techniques. In particular, loose coupling between ArcMap and CatchmentSim software is demonstrated. The demarcated watershed can then form the basis for designing appropriate conservation works. The above procedure was successfully applied for the Kinze dam catchment area in Machakos district in Kenya. This study also reiterates that local communities can only be expected to participate in and fully support conservation works if they are involved throughout the entire conservation design process.
Gichaga FJ. "University-Industry Collaboration in Kenya.". In: Institution of Engineers of Kenya Conference.; 2005.
Nderitu JH, Namachanja C, Kamau G. "Universities and trade unionsim.". In: DAAD. Nairobi,; 2005.universities_and_trade_unionsim.pdf
Dorothy McCormick. "Upgrading Enterprise Clusters: A Multidimensional Analysis.". In: Regional Conference on Innovation Systems and Innovative Clusters in Africa. Entebbe, Uganda: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2005. Abstract

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MUTISO PROFKINEENEWA. "Utenzi wa Hamziyyah (The Hamziyyah Epic. A detailed Analysis of a Swahili Islamic Epic).". In: Institute of Kiswahili Research, University of Dar-es-Salaam, Dar-es-Salaam, 2005; 360 + 15 pp. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2005. Abstract

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Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.

ONYANGO-OUMA DRW. "Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya. Horizons Final Technical Report. Washington D.C., Population Council.". In: Nordic Journal of African Studies 15 (3): 393-40. Population Council; 2005. Abstract
Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya. Horizons Final Technical Report. Washington D.C., Population Council.
M. MRMAINADAVID, J. MRMANGALAMICHAEL. "Urban Farming along Nairobi River: How Safe are the Food Crops.". In: Inaugural National Nutrition Congress . University of Nairobi.; 2005. Abstract
Nairobi River originates from a swamp near Kikuyu town, about 24 kilometres west of Nairobi city centre and meanders across the city covering a stretch of about 30 kilometres. Within the city area, the river is contaminated by runoff waters; untreated effluent from residential areas and small-scale industries; and a significant volume of treated wastewaters from Kariobangi Sewerage Treatment Works. Its waters are used for various purposes, in particular agricultural, both within and outside the city environs. Most often the food crops grown along this river appear healthy and are attractive to customers. However, it is suspected that the waters used for irrigation purposes may contain high levels of heavy metals and these may end up being assimilated by these food crops and thereafter enter the food chain.
M. MRMAINADAVID, J. MRMANGALAMICHAEL. "Urban Farming along Nairobi River: How Safe are the Food Crops.". In: Inaugural National Nutrition Congress . Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2005. Abstract
Nairobi River originates from a swamp near Kikuyu town, about 24 kilometres west of Nairobi city centre and meanders across the city covering a stretch of about 30 kilometres. Within the city area, the river is contaminated by runoff waters; untreated effluent from residential areas and small-scale industries; and a significant volume of treated wastewaters from Kariobangi Sewerage Treatment Works. Its waters are used for various purposes, in particular agricultural, both within and outside the city environs. Most often the food crops grown along this river appear healthy and are attractive to customers. However, it is suspected that the waters used for irrigation purposes may contain high levels of heavy metals and these may end up being assimilated by these food crops and thereafter enter the food chain.
M PROFKIMANIPAUL. "Utilisation of bean genetic diversity. CIAT in Africa, Highlight Number 21. CIAT,.". In: Kampala, Uganda. June 2005. EAMJ; 2005. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
6. B M Farah1, S Ogola1 I1 O1 A1 O-M1 J1 G2 BJMOG. "The use of viral peptides as a quality control for ELISPOT assays in HIV-1 vaccine trials in Kenya.". In: International Conference AIDS. Bangkok, Thailand; 2004.
Dorothy McCormick. "University Involvement in Upgrading Entrepreneurial Networks: The Case of Nairobi’s Small Clothing and Footwear Producers.". In: Universal Access to Communication Services in Rural Kenya: A Baseline Survey. Kisumu, Kenya: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Ayienga E, Opiyo E, Manderick B, Odongo O, Nowe A. "Using Multi-Agent Systems for Efficient Network Resource allocation with Quality of Service Guarantees in Computational Grids.". In: International ICT Workshop on Application of ICT in Enhancing Higher Learning Education. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 2004.
Dorothy McCormick. "Upgrading MSE Clusters: Theoretical Frameworks and Practical Approaches for African Industrialisation.". In: Innovative Systems and Innovative Clusters in Africa. Bagamoyo, Tanzania: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Ngugi RW. "Understanding the structure of interest rates in Kenya, KIPPRA Discussion Paper # 40." The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2004.
Dorothy McCormick. "Universal Access to Communication Services in Rural Kenya.". In: A Baseline Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Ayienga EM. "Using Multi-Agent Systems for Efficient Network Resource Allocation with Quality of Service Guarantees in Computational GRIDs.". In: International ICT Workshop 2004 On Application of ICT in enhancing Higher Learning Education, pp 124-138. VLIR; 2004.
KITHURE DRKINDIKI. "Universal Jurisdiction for International Crimes, the Public Good and the Changing Face of state Sovereignty" in Volume 2 University of Nairobi Law Journal pp. 116-140.". In: In Volume 14 Lesotho Law Journal pp. 51-75. Vaccine 26:2788- 2795; 2004. Abstract

We describe the technique of splenic aspiration in 113 patients presenting with splenomegaly. It was used initially to establish a diagnosis, and in those patients with kala azar, to follow the response of the parasites to therapy until 'parasitological cure'. In all 671 aspirations were performed. No complications occurred in the 69 patients with active kala azar, who collectively had more than 600 aspirations. One patient in a moribund condition had a fatal haemorrhage. The aspirate suggested a lymphoma, confirmed at autopsy. In 68 of the 69 patients with active kala azar, the diagnosis was established at the first aspiration. The essentials of the technique are the use of a small calibre needle (21 G), and speed, the needle being in the spleen for less than a second, with the consequent procurement of a few drops of material only.

JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Use of serum retinol-binding protein for prediction of vitamin A deficiency: effects of HIV-1 infection, protein malnutrition, and the acute phase response. Baeten JM, Richardson BA, Bankson DD, Wener MH, Kreiss JK, Lavreys L, Mandaliya K, Bwayo JJ, McCle.". In: Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Feb;79(2):218-25. Asian Economic and Social Society; 2004. Abstract
Background. The host immune response against mucosally-acquired pathogens may be influenced by the mucosal immune milieu during acquisition. Since Neisseria gonorrhoeae can impair dendritic cell and T cell immune function, we hypothesized that co-infection during HIV acquisition would impair subsequent systemic T-cell responses.   Methods. Monthly screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was performed in high risk, HIV seronegative Kenyan female sex workers as part of an HIV prevention trial. Early HIV-specific CD8+ T cell responses and subsequent HIV viral load set point were assayed in participants acquiring HIV, and were correlated with the presence of prior genital infections during HIV acquisition.   Results. Thirty-five participants acquired HIV during follow up, and 16/35 (46%) had a classical STI at the time of acquisition. N. gonorrhoeae co-infection was present during HIV acquisition in 6/35 (17%), and was associated with an increased breadth and magnitude of systemic HIV-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, using both interferon- (IFNg) and MIP-1 beta (MIP1b) as an output. No other genital infections were associated with differences in HIV-specific CD8+ T cell response, and neither N. gonorrhoeae nor other genital infections were associated with differences in HIV plasma viral load at set point.   Conclusion. Unexpectedly, genital N. gonorrhoeae infection during heterosexual HIV acquisition was associated with substantially enhanced HIV-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, although not with differences in HIV viral load set point. This may have implications for the development of mucosal HIV vaccines and adjuvants.
MASIGA MRAYIENGAERIC, O MROPIYOELISHATOYNE, W DRGETAOKATHERINE, OKELLO PROFODONGOWILLIAM. "Using Multi-Agent Systems for Efficient Network Resource Allocation with Quality of Service Guarantees in Computational GRIDs.". In: International ICT Workshop 2004 On Application of ICT in enhancing Higher Learning Education, pp 124-138. East African Orthopaedic Journal; 2004.

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