In Press

Kemoli, AM.  In Press.  Dilemma of managing multi-surface dental caries in the primary dentition using the atraumatic restorative treatment: renaissance or dimming hope. East Afr Med J . Abstract

Background: Alot of research work has been carried out to determine the effectiveness of using atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) in the management of dental caries, but there are still unresolved issues surrounding the use of the technique particularly in very large carious lesions.
Objective: To determine the current survival rates of multi-surface ARTrestorations placed in the primary dentition and any consequences to the restored tooth after premature loss of the restoration.
Study selection: Using a set of specific key words, a Pubmed/Medline search was carried out to retrieve all publications on ARTrestorations placed in primary teeth in the period January 2000 to December 2011. Only publications whose studies had multi-surface ARTrestorations as an item of study were retrieved and relevant data extracted.
Data synthesis: Twelve studies contained in 12 publications fulfilled the selection criteria and were included in the study. The selected publications were analysed by the author to establish the study follow-up period and the survival rate of the multi-surface ARTrestorations for the different follow-up periods. Further information was adduced on any other effects of restoration on the tooth after premature loss of the restoration.
Results: The search findings indicated that the survival rate for most of the multi-surface restorations were generally very low. Further, there were indications that even after the premature loss of the ARTrestorations, most of the affected teeth survived for the period of the study with a number of them having shown no signs of secondary caries or associated dental abscessees.
Conclusion: While the survival rates of multi-surface ARTrestorations in the studies documenetd in the review were low, the ART restorations appeared to provide some beneficial effects to the retention-longevity of the restored tooth even after their premature loss.


AM, K, IA O.  2021.  A fatal case of infant oral mutilation.. Contemp Clin Dent. 2021; 12:76-80(2021; 12:76-80):2021;12:76-80.
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AN, S, A K, Benki-Nugent S, Chebet D GL, Wamalwa D, Farquhar C, G J-S, Slyker JA, John-Stewart GC.  2020.  Caregivers’ report of HIV-associated oral manifestations among HIV-unexposed, exposed, and infected Kenyan children.. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2021;00:1-8.(2021;00:1-8.):2021;00:1-8..
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AM, K.  2019.  Paediatric oral health and climate change.. Edorium J Dent. 2019; 7:(2019; 7:):2019;7:.
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Kemoli, AM, Opondo IA.  2019.  A compendium on oral health of children around the world: tooth eruption, tooth emergence and developmental dental anomalies of the dental hard tissues.. A compendium on oral health of children around the world: tooth eruption, tooth emergence and developmental dental anomalies of the dental hard tissues.. , NewCastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars publishing


Tantawi, ME, Folayan MO, FWACS, Mehaina M, Vukovic A, Castillo JL, Gaffar BO, Arheiam A, Al-Batayneh OB, Kemoli AM, Schroth RJ, Lee GHM.  2018.  Prevalence and data availability of early childhood caries in 193 United Nations Countries, 2007-2017.. AJPH. 8): 1066- 1072(8): 1066- 1072):8):1066-1072.
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AM, K.  2017.  Managing dental fluorosis: Traditional healer versus clinic approaches.. JSM Dent. 2017; 5(2): 1085(2017; 5(2): 1085):2017;5(2):1085.
Kemoli, AM.  2017.  The threat to the survival of the permanent first molar in children from developing nations.. EC Dental Science. (2017): 120-124((2017): 120-124):(2017):120-124.
AM, K, TJ M.  2017.  Bilateral second premolars agenesis together with a unilateral canine radiculomegaly.. Contemp Clin Dent. 2017; 8(2017; 8):2017;8.
Sheikh, MA, Kemoli AM, Owino RO.  2017.  Prevalence of Dental caries and Gingivitis among children with type 1 diabetes mellitus a ending an outpatient clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital in Kenya.. East Afr Med J. 2017;93(1); 82-88(2017;93(1); 82-88):2017;93(1);82-88.
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F, C, AM K, R O, M M.  2016.  Effects of socio-economic and behavioural factors on early childhood caries among children attending a dental clinic in Nairobi, Kenya.. Eat Afr Med J. 2016; 93(8): 378-385(2016; 93(8): 378-385):2016;93(8):378-385.
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AM, K, I O, GN O.  2015.  Is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) a risk factor to development of dental caries and molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in children? Edorium J Dent. 2015; 2:15–20(2015; 2:15–20):2015;2:15–20.

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