imulated Impacts of Climate Change on Surface Water Yields over the Sondu Basin in Kenya

Citation:
Rwigi SK, Muthama JN, Opere AO, Opijah FJ, Gichuki FN. "imulated Impacts of Climate Change on Surface Water Yields over the Sondu Basin in Kenya ." International Journal for Innovation Education and Research. 2016;4(8):160-172.

Abstract:

Potential impacts of climate change on surface water yields over the Sondu River basin in the western region of Kenya were analysed using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model with climate input data obtained from the fourth generation coupled Ocean-Atmosphere European Community Hamburg Model (ECHAM4) using the Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies (PRECIS) model. Daily time step regional climate scenarios at a spatial grid resolution of 0.44˚ over the Eastern Africa region were matched to the Sondu river basin and used to calibrate and validate the SWAT model. Analysis of historical and projected rainfall over the basin strongly indicated that the climate of the area will significantly change with wetter climates being experienced by 2030 and beyond. Projected monthly rainfall distribution shows increasing trends in the relatively dry DJF and SON seasons while showing decreasing trends in the relatively wet MAM and JJA seasons. Potential changes in water yields resulting from climate change were computed by comparing simulated yields under climate change scenarios with those simulated under baseline conditions.

There was evidence of substantial increases in water yields ranging between 88% and 110% of the baseline yields by 2030 and 2050 respectively. Although simulated water yields are subject to further verification from observed values, this study has provided useful information about potential changes in water yields as a result of climate change over the Sondu River basin and in similar basins in this region

Keywords: Simulated Impacts; Climate Change; Water Yields; Sondu Basin; Kenya

International Journal for Innovation Education and Research

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