Publications

Found 1691 results

Sort by: Author Title [ Type  (Asc)] Year
Filters: First Letter Of Last Name is I  [Clear All Filters]
Audiovisual
Iraki XN. Economic Models in Africa: Poverty vs. Cohesion. Juja, Kenya: Jomo Kenyatta University of Science and Technology; 2015.
Iraki XN. Innovations in Insurance: The New Frontiers. Nairobi, Kenya: Association of Insurance Brokers of Kenya - AIBK presentation; 2015.
Book
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Nyaga L, Warambo JP. Kiswahili Pevu: Isimu, Muundo na Sarufi .; Forthcoming.
Iraki XN. The Orphans of the Happy Valley. Nairobi, Kenya: TBA; Forthcoming.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Sarufi Pevu ya Kiswahili Sanifu.; Forthcoming.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Kabwana I. Alfa na Omega (Play). Nairobi: Oxford University Press; Submitted. Abstract

n/a

IRIBEMWANGI PI, Kilonzo P. Matata (Play). Nairobi: E.A. E. P; Submitted.
Imonje RK. 100 Curriculum Theory, Principles and Processes in Education. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2021.
Magutu PO, Inyega JO, Nyaanga RO. Evidence-based training assessment approaches and methodologies in procurement planning and supply chain managemen. Knowledge Empowerment Foundation. ISBN: 978-81-942015-4-0; 2020.
Bulinda BM, Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Instructional supervision and inspection practice, 2nd Ed. . LAP LAMBART Academic Publishing. ISBN: 978-620-0-65126-6; 2020.
Bulinda BM, Inyega HN, Inyega JO. The source book on labour relations. LAP LAMPARD Academic Publishing. ISBN: 978-620-2-67531-4; 2020.
Umar M, IRIBEMWANGI PI. Kamau Mũtitũ-inĩ . London: Salaam Publishing; 2019.
Umar M, IRIBEMWANGI PI. Kamau Werũ-inĩ wa Mũthanga . London: Salaam Publishing; 2019.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. All teachers teaching reading all children reading: a pedagogical shift in teacher education in Kenya. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company ; 2017.
I. K, Orodho J. A, J.P M. Concise Statistics; An Illustrative Approach to Problem Solving. MASENO, NAIROBI, KENYA: KANEZJA; 2017.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Babusa H. Vazi la Mhudumu na Hadithi Nyingine Kutoka Afrika Mashariki. Nairobi: E.A. E. P; 2017.vazi_la_mhudumu.pdf
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chege K, Kiruja B. Fasihi Andishi na Simulizi. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.fasihi_andishi_na_simulizi.pdf
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Gentle gracing giraffes. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. The girl whose feet could not stop growing. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Warambo JP. Mwongozo wa Damu Nyeusi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2016. Abstractmwongozo_wa_damu_nyeusi_cover_copy.pdf

n/a

IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Mwongozo wa Kidagaa Kimemwozea. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.mwongozo_wa_riwaya_kidagaa_kimemwozea.pdf
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister has got mumps. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister was born yellow. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
Idenya PM. Under the Watchful Eye of Mary: LIVING the MYSTERIES of the HOLY ROSARY. UK: AuthorHouse; 2016. AbstractAuthorHouse UK

As the Lord Jesus faced imminent death upon the Cross, He dedicated all His beloved disciples to a love relationship with His Mother saying, “Behold your mother!” St. John was present at the foot of the Cross, representing all mankind. And from that hour, he took her into his home. This commissioning of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Mother of all mankind illustrates the great love with which the LORD Jesus offered His life for all peoples - by giving us the gift of His mother. All are to comprehend that Mary has an active role to play in our faith and in our spiritual life. We acknowledge that this is how the LORD Jesus wished to bring His Sacrifice to completion by entrusting His mother to His beloved disciple, and in the beloved disciple to all mankind. It is a concrete maternal love relationship between Mary and all who trustingly commend themselves to her care. Under the watchful eye of Mary is a spiritual journey where we learn from the Blessed Mother of God what living a worthy discipleship in the LORD is, and we meditatively pray with the Blessed Mary as the first Christian Community did before Pentecost.

In. Counseling skills for counsellors. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2015.
Oladipo R, Ikimari L, Kiplang’at J, Barasa L. General research methods. Nairobi: Oxford University Press East Africa; 2015.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Wamalwa K. Miali ya Ushairi: Shule za upili na vyuo vya elimu. Nairobi: EAEP; 2015.miali_ya_ushairi_2016.jpg
Idenya PM. Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor. US: Xulon Press; 2015. AbstractXulon Press

When I made the decision to make prayer a part of my daily activities, I found myself drawn to it by an inner yearning that made me look forward to those moments. Initially I prayed for my own needs, then for those close to me, then for those who asked me to pray for them. There emerged a noticeable pattern of how I prayed. It was by a movement of my heart in prayer, over which I had absolutely no control. I only needed to start praying and I would find myself drawn to particular groups or situations to pray for - ‘the unborn’, ‘the departed souls’, ‘peace in families’, ‘mothers’, ‘priests’, ‘the unemployed’. One time, while I was praying the rosary, I felt drawn to pray for missionaries. When I finished, I went to my workplace and immediately did an internet search on “missionary rosary”. I came across the “world mission rosary” that was inaugurated by Venerable Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen with these words, “We must pray, and not for ourselves, but for the world.”
Praying with this rosary became my transformation into intercessory prayer for all the peoples of the world. The joy that I found in intercession drew me to do some research work on intercession as a gift and as a ministry. That which I thought was something that is for a specific group of people turned out to be an open invite to all who are baptized Christians. I found this to be one area we can and should take up seriously our baptismal commitment as priests, prophets and kings. Thus, I decided to share my findings with all those who are probably desirous to serve in this ministry by coming up with “Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor”. Will you?

Inyega HN, Inyega JO, Wangamati AS. Communication skills for academic exellence. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2014.
J.N. M, Mbatiah M, Iribe M. Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbali Mbali katika Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili. Nairobi: Focus Books; 2014.
Imonje RK, Monda. A, Ndirangu CW. Flood and Education: Access to Education in Flood Prone Areas. Lambert publishing house; 2014.
Okeyo AM, Ibrahim MNM;, Ali, A; Bhuiyan AKFH;, Choudhury MP;, Sarker SC;, Islam F;. Morphometry and performance of Black Bengal goats at the rural community level in Bangladesh.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

Data on morphometrics and performance of 106 Black Bengal goats were collected through an in-depth monitoring survey conducted in 73 families of Gangatia, Borachala and Pachpai villages of Bhaluka Upazila, Mymensingh, Bangladesh using a structured

Kibera MW, K.Gakunga D, Imonje R. Provision of Education for Pastoralist Children: The Case of Mobile Schools in Kenya. Lamert Academic Publishing; 2013.
Imonje RK, Kibera MW, Gakunga DK. Provision of Education for Pastoralists Children: The Case of Mobile Schools in Kenya.. Lambert publishing house; 2013.
Kibera MW, K.Gakunga D, Imonje R. Provision of Education for Pastoralist Children: The Case of Mobile Schools in Kenya. Lamert Academic Publishing; 2013. Abstract
n/a
Ogechi NO, Oduor JAN, IRIBEMWANGI PI. The Harmonization and Standardization of Kenyan Languages: Orthography and Other Aspects. Cape Town: CASAS; 2012.
Mukhwana A, IRIBEMWANGI PI. Othello. Nairobi: Oxford University Press (OUP); 2012. AbstractOthello_Cover.pdf

Iago ameapa kulipiza kisasi dhidi ya Othello kwa kuivuruga ndoa ya Othello na Desdemona. Njia pekee ya kufanikisha azma yake ni kumghilibu Othello kwa kumdanganya kuwa mkewe ni mwasherati. Je, Iago atafaulu katika azimio hili? Je, Othello atazikubali hila za Iago? Endapo atashawishika, atamchukulia hatua gani Desdemona? Haya ni kati ya maswali anayoyajibu William Shakespeare katika tamthilia hii ya tanzia, ingawa inaburudisha, inafunza na ambayo imekaidi mpito wa wakati. Tafsiri hii imefanywa kwa ufundi mkubwa hivi kwamba ule mvuto na mnato wa kazi asilia umedumishwa.

C.M K, I.W M. Social Problems and Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2012.
I.W M, C.M K. TFD 632:Socialization Process and Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2012.
editor Isaac M.T. Mwase, editor Eunice K. Kamaara. Theologies of Liberation and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of Professor Jesse N.K. Mugambi. Nairobi: Acton; 2012.Website
Nyonje, KYALO DN, Itegi FM. ). Project Planning and Management: Notes for Beginners. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktierge Sellschaft & CO.KG, ISBN:978-3-639-337822; 2011.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Learning to read and reading to learn: A practical teacher's guide. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Communications Network. ISBN: 996-67336-3-9. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Communications Network; 2011. Abstract

The book focus on teaching methodology with special reference to reading

Inyega HN. Learning to read and reading to learn: A practical teachers' guide. Nairobi: Riverbrooks Publishers; 2011.
Inyega HN. Principles of research in education and social sciences. Enugu, Nigeria: Fourth Dimension Publishing Co. Ltd.; 2011.
Inyega JO. Teachers' practices and experiences following professional development: A Kenya multi-site analysis. Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller (ISBN: 978-3-639-32625-3). Online available: www.amazon.com. SAARBRUCKEN: VDM- Verlag Dr. Muller; 2011. AbstractWebsite

In this qualitative research case study, multi-site cases of teachers' practices and experiences about chemistry unit lesson planning and implementation following an in-service teacher education program in Kenya are examined. Specifically, a descriptive comparison of chemistry educators in the Strengthening of Mathematics and Science in Secondary Education (SMASSE) In-service Program in four different school settings (boys' boarding, girls' boarding, mixed boarding, and mixed day) was made. The intent of this study was to determine what changes, if any, teachers made in the design and implementation of their lessons, how these changes were implemented, and why the teachers made such changes. Among other findings, the study established that participants planned, prepared and implemented student-centered activity lessons using a new lesson plan format during chemistry unit lessons on the Periodic Table, "Mole Concept", Electrochemistry, and Organic Chemistry. They improvised teaching/learning materials, where conventional equipment were not available in school.

C.M K, I.W M, L.M N, P.W K. TFD 301: Sociology of Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2011.
Schwartz A, Pertsemlidis D, Inabnet III WB, Gagner M. Endocrine surgery. Taylor & Francis US; 2010. Abstract
n/a
IRIBEMWANGI PI. Mwongozo wa Utengano. Nairobi: ISBN 978-9966-25-533-8; EAEP; 2008. Abstractmwongozo_wa_utengano.pdfWebsite

n/a

Inyega J. Teaching online courses: Lessons learned. College Reading Association Yearbook; 2007.
Wasamba P, Indangasi H. Our Narratives our Landscapes: Relationship between Creativity and Environmental Conservation. Nairobi: Kenya Oral Literature Association; 2006.
Ininda JM. DYNAMIC METREOROLOGY II (SMR 401). Nairobi: University Of Nairobi; 2005. AbstractUniversity of Nairobi

This course is a continuation of Dynamic Meteorology I (SMR401). If you studied SMR301 a long while ago, it
may be advisable to review it once more before you embark on this course. As you worked through SMR301, you may have been introduced to several equations and may be wondering why this course appear to be mathematical. Well, as you may have already found out, there are many processes that take place in the atmosphere, dynamic meteorology will seek not only to explain how this comes about, but also to express the relationship between the forces involved in a mathematical form.

Kameri-Mbote P, Ikdahl I, Hellum A, Kaarhhus R, Benjaminsen TA. Human Rights, Formalisation And Women's Land Rights In Southern And Eastern Africa.; 2005.Website
Ikiara GK, Mbataru P, Kariuki J, Tallio V. Kenyan studies.; 2005.Website
Ndugire N;, K’omudho B;, Kuhumba F;, Onyango JC;, Okoth MW;, Magambo J;, Ikiara M;, Mutunga C. Selection, design and implementation of economic instruments in the solid waste management sector in Kenya: The case of plastic bags.; 2005. AbstractWebsite

The generation of solid waste has become an increasing environmental and public health problem everywhere in the world, but particularly in developing countries. The fast expansion of urban, agricultural and industrial activities spurred by rapid population growth has produced vast amounts of solid and liquid wastes that pollute the environment and destroy resources.

Ikiara GK, Aura - Samanta ZO, Sen RK, C P. Industrialisation and Development: The Kenyan Experience.; 2001.Website
Ocholla-Ayayo ABC, Nyamongo I, Ikamari LDE, Ateng T. Population, Health and Development in Africa: Anthropological Perspectives. Population Studies and Research Institute; 2001.
Ocholla-Ayayo ABC, IKAMARI L, Nyamongo I, Otieno AAT. Maternal mortality situation in Kenya, Population, Health and Development.; 2000.Website
IKAMARI L, Ocholla-Ayayo ABC, Nyamongo I, Otieno AAT. Maternal mortality situation in Kenya, Population, Health and Development.; 2000.Website
Nyamongo I, Ocholla-Ayayo ABC, IKAMARI L, Otieno AAT. Maternal mortality situation in Kenya, Population, Health and Development.; 2000.Website
Odada EO, Braatz BB, Brown, S., Isichel AO. African Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories and Mitigation Options: Forestry, Land-use Change and Agriculture. Amsterdam: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group; 1995.
Ikiara GK, Masai WS, Teitel S, Soifer R. Technology and skills in Kenyan manufacturing:RPED Case Study Series.; 1994.Website
Masai WS, Ikiara GK, Soifer R, Teitel S. Technology and skills in Kenyan manufacturing:RPED Case Study Series.; 1994.Website
Ikiara GK, Coughlin PE. Kenya's industrialization dilemma.; 1991.Website
digestibility and nutritive quality of sheep diets Influence of big sagebrush(Artemisia tridentata) browse on intake. Influence of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) browse on intake, digestibility and nutritive quality of sheep diets.; 1990.Website
Book Chapter
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "Six Ts for effective and efficient early grade literacy instruction. (Book Chapter) In Ross Graham (Eds.). Developing languages in Africa: Social and educational perspectives.". In: Developing languages in Africa: social and educational perspectives. London: Cambridge University Press; In Press.
Irandu EM. "Air Transport Security in Kenya .". In: Air Transport Security: Issues, Challenges and National Policies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishers; 2018.
Irandu EM, Ndolo J. "Green Energy for the City of Nairobi: a path to sustainable future .". In: Food Security, renewable energy and water: Insights on sustainability. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2018.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Obuchi SM. "Masuala Ibuka katika Nadharia ya Sintaksia na Pendekezo la Mwelekeo Mpya.". In: Isimu na Fasihi ya Lugha za Kiafrika. Eldoret: Moi University Press; 2018.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Profesa Mohamed Hassan Abdulaziz: Mwanaisimu, Mwandishi na Mwalimu wa Walimu.". In: Isimu na Fasihi ya Lugha za Kiafrika. Eldoret: Moi University Press; 2018.
Djurfeldt AA, Dzanku FM, Isinika AC. "Technology Use, Gender, and Impact of Non-Farm Income on Agricultural Investment: An Empirical Analysis of Maize Production in Two Regions of Kenya.". In: Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press; 2018.
Inyega, H. N., Inyega JO. "Infusing Reading Instruction into Early Childhood Teacher Education Programs: The Case of University of Nairobi.". In: In M. N. Amutabi (ed.). Africa at development crossroads, Chapter 9, pp. 111-126.(ISBN: 978-9966-1933-5-3). Nairobi: Centre for Democracy Research and Development (CEDRED); 2017.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Zingo la Bahari.". In: Vazi la Mhudumu na Hadithi Nyingine Kutoka Afrika Mashariki. Nairobi: EAEP; 2017.
Irandu EM. "Multimodal Freight Transport Security in Kenya .". In: Multimodal transport Security: Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishers; 2016.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "“Kikuyu Phonology and Orthography: Any hope for continuity of indigenous languages?”.". In: The Language Loss of the Indigenous. New Delhi: Routledge; 2016. Abstractthe_language_loss_of_the_indigenous.jpg

n/a

Irandu EM. "Global Change and Sustainable Mountain Tourism: The Case of Mount Kenya.". In: Impact of Global Changes on Mountains: Responses and Adaptation. Aw Publication; 2015.
Mwangi J, Justus I, Hellen I, Winston A, Ibrahim K, W MT, M. NL. "Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Education using an Early Grade Reading Instruction Curriculum (EGRIC)."; 2015.
Inyega, H.N. IAKMMJOWJ, Ngesu LM. "Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Education using an Early Grade Reading Instruction Curriculum." Early Grade Reading Instruction Curriculum (EGRIC); 2015. Abstract
n/a
Ikobwa JM. "Geschichte und 'Geschichten' in Uwe Timms ''Morenga".". In: Schwerpunkte der DaF-Studiengänge und Germanistik im östlichen Afrika. Vol. 91. Göttingen: Universitätsverlag Göttingen; 2014:.
Inyega JO, Gunga SO. "Methodology for science teaching in higher education institutions. Nairobi: CODL.". In: University of Nairobi, Centre for Open & Distance Learning Training in Pedagogy Manual: Interactive Teaching Materials for University Lecturers and Professors in Pedagogy. Nairobi: CODL; 2014.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Mofofonolojia ya Kiswahili Sanifu: Matatizo Katika Machapisho Yake.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbalimbali. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2014.
Iraki XN. "The Politics and Economics of City Spaces: Parks, Trading Zones and Slums.". In: (Re)membering Kenya. ISBN NO: 978-9966-028-50-1. Nairobi: Twaweza Communication; 2014.
Kamau K, IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Uchapishaji wa Bunilizi za Kiswahili: Ukweli-kinzani na Umuhimu wa Mwelekeo Mpya.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbalimbali. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2014.
Michira N, IRIBEMWANGI PI, Mbatia M, Mutiga J. "Uwezeshaji Lugha ili Kuleta Maendeleo: Sera, Utendaji na Nafasi ya Kiswahiili.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Limited; 2014. Abstractuwezeshaji_lugha_ili_kuleta_maendeleo.docxuwezeshaji_lugha_ili_kuleta_maendeleo.pdf

Uwezeshaji Lugha ili Kuleta Maendeleo: Sera, Utendaji na Nafasi ya Kiswahili
Jayne Mutiga
Ikisiri
Nafasi ya lugha za waliokuwa wakoloni Afrika kama vile; Kiingereza, Kifaransa na Kireno, imezisukuma lugha za Kiafrika hadi ukingoni katika maendeleo ya kijamii na kiuchumi barani Afrika. Lugha za Kiafrika zimevurugwa na kutengwa katika msitari wa mbele wa uchumi wa nchi ambapo lugha hizi zinazungumzwa, jambo ambalo linaonekana kuwa mojawapo ya visababishi vya Afrika kutokuwa na maendeleo. Jambo hili limesasababishwa na nafasi ya lugha zilizokuwa zinatumiwa na wakoloni, kama vile Kiingereza, Kifaransa na Kireno na kuendelezwa na mtazamo wa waafrika wenyewe ambao huzidunisha lugha zao na kuamini kwamba wataweza kujiendeleza kupitia kumilisi vyema na kutumia lugha zilizotumiwa na serikali za kikoloni; jambo hili pamoja na wazo kuwa lugha ndiyo msingi au nguzo ya mchakato wa maendeleo ya namna yoyote ile. Swali la kujiuliza ni: Je, bara la Afrika linaweza kujipatia maendeleo yaliyo thabiti wakati wazungumzaji wanaendelea kutumia lugha ambazo zinaonekana kuzuia kuelimishwa pamoja na mawasiliano miongoni mwa watu wengi? Hivyo basi, lengo la makala haya ni kuangazia vile lugha inaweza kuwezeshwa ili kusaidia watumizi wake kushiriki katika shughuli za maendeleo ya nchi yao. Aidha inaendelea kuangazia njia ambazo zinaweza kutumiwa kuwezesha lugha ya Kiswahili nchini Kenya na katika eneo la Afrika Mashariki ili kuendeleza eneo hili wakati huu ambapo kuna katiba mpya na uundaji sera mpya nchini Kenya.

Iraki XN. "The Economic Implications of Peaceful and Fair General Elections in Kenya.". In: Youth and Peaceful Elections in Kenya, ISBN :978-9966-028-37-2. Nairobi: Twaweza communications; 2013.
Inyama HK, Kimani S, Omoni G. "Innovative Program for Increasing Access to Higher Education for working Nurses.". In: Research as a driver for science, Technology and Innovation for Health. Nairobi; 2013:. Abstractinnovation_program_for_increasing_access_to_higher_education_for_working_nurses_abstract.pdf

Background: Health care training including nursing have conventionally been delivered through face to face mode requiring physical presence of the trainee. Because of distance, shortage of staff, cost, perceived and/or real staff vacuum, higher training of working nurses have been a challenge. Therefore, the University of Nairobi (UoN), School of Nursing sciences (SONS) in partnership with AMREF established an innovative program to increase accessibility of higher training for working nurses.
Objective: To increase access to higher education for Nursing while maintaining acceptable staffing patterns and health care delivery services.
Methodology: This is a blended eLearning program where registered diploma nurses upgrade to BSc Nursing. The program takes three academic years, structured into 3 trimesters of 14 to 17 weeks. In addition, each semester has 2 weekly three face to face sessions with the remaining time dedicated for self-directed learning. The program has been running seamlessly since 2012.
Results: Five groups have been admitted since the inception totaling 300 students. Of the students, 80 %( n=240) are females. The transition of each class from one level to the next have been 80 to 95%. The performance by the student on individual course unit have been above 80 %( very good) including the biomedical courses.
Implication: E-Learning program is an effective model that should be adopted for nursing training. It improves accessibility to higher education for nurses, maintains staffing patterns while assuring continued service delivery. A unique collaboration between University and private entity bringing synergism and resource maximization has been brought forth. In conclusion, a review of the performance by the students undertaking this programme needs to be carried out to assess the trickledown effect of the accrued benefits of higher nursing training.

and Ilembo Bahati PKFB. "Participation of Women in Fish Trade." Kampala: VicRes Inter-University Council for East Africa; 2013.
Otieno- Omutoko L, Gunga SO, Inyega H, OGUTU JOSEPH. "Strengthening Research Capacity and Research Management in Health and Social Science Research in Kenya.". In: Research, the Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA). Nairobi. Nairobi: CUEA; 2013. Abstract

Researchers carry out various types of studies determined by purpose although the general aim of research is to generate knowledge that is relevant to a wider population beyond what is studied formally or informally. For research to be beneficial it should meet the criteria of relevance, rigour and reliability or dependability for informing policy and other important decisions. The significance of research is policy makers and practitioners require evidence. This underscores the need to enable researchers to produce evidence which necessitates provision of capacity, skills and resources. Researchers have an important role in development. They ensure that curricula and learning outcomes are based on up-to-date evidence and they impart skills to enable collection, appraisal and synthesis of evidence that should underlie development of policy and practice. Capacity needs to be strengthened to engage in meaningful research that will lead to advancement of human knowledge which is necessary for development. Research capacity has changed meaning over time from focus on the individual to collective strengthening of research teams and institutions. The purpose of this study is to explore strategies for research capacity building. The objectives of the study will be to: (i) establish the levels of research capacity building (ii) examine phases of knowledge creation and knowledge translation cycle and (iii) assess relational dimensions of capacity building. Mixed mode approach will be employed and data will be collected through field study, documentary analysis and comprehensive literature review. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis will be carried out. Conclusions, recommendations and implications for institutional research capacity building will be made.

IRIBEMWANGI PI. "A Case for the Harmonization of Kikuyu, Kiembu and Kimbeere Phonology and Orthography.". In: The Harmonization and Standardization of Kenyan Languages: Orthography and Other Aspects. Cape Town: CASAS; 2012. Abstract

Kikuyu, Kiembu and Kimbeere are Bantu languages spoken in the Southern Mount Kenya region. Although they are classified as different languages, they are mutually intelligible. However, these languages have minor structural differences at the phonological and morphological levels but these do not imply the existence of different languages. This chapter will focus primarily on phonological differences and similarities and from this analysis build a case for the harmonization of the sound systems of the three codes. Kikuyu is the largest of the three codes, with at least five linguistically discernable dialects, namely Kindia, Gigichugu, Kimathira, the Southern and Northern dialects. This chapter proposes the establishment of harmonization of the codes at the sound level and a harmonized phoneme matrix for the three codes. In order to do this, it will be necessary to explore the various phonemes evident in each of them. The thesis of this chapter is that the three codes emanate from a single proto-language and that the phonological differences that are apparent are due to sound changes. Consequently, the various sounds differentiating words are not very different in terms of articulation.

wandera RW, Bolo AZ, Imaita I. "Challenges Facing The Implementation of Differentiation Strategy at The Mumias Sugar Company Limited.". In: African Casebook, synergies in African Business and Management Practices . Nairobi: AJBUMA Publishing; 2012.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Dhana na Sifa Bainifu za Hadithi Fupi.". In: Kunani Marekani na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Target Publishers Ltd; 2012.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. "The Global Place of Kiswahili: yesterday, today and tomorrow.". In: English – Kiswahili Learner’s Handbook. Nairobi: Petersberg International Publishers; 2012. Abstract

This handbook has deliberately opted to use Standard Kiswahili because this is the dialect that has largely given Kiswahili international status (the language is taught in most major world Universities) and which is bound to take it to greater heights. Standard Kiswahili is the dialect that is taught in schools and colleges and is used in formal trade and official circles. As stated by Chimerah (2000) Standard Kiswahili is the mainstream Kiswahili. This handbook holds the view that Kiswahili is a Bantu language. Greenberg (1966) states that the African region has four main language families namely: Niger-Kordofanian, Nile-Saharan, Afro-Asiatic and Khoisan. Under Niger-Kordofanian there is the Benue-Congo sub-family from which Bantu languages emanate. One of the major distinctions of the Bantu languages is that their noun-class systems portray concordial agreement. Kiswahili is a mobilizing tool that is spoken in the East African Coast from Brava all the way to Mozambique. Encarta Africana [Ms Encyclopedia (2005)] remarks that this coastal strip measures about 2,000 miles (approximately 3,200KM).Kiswahili has its place now and in the future. In the year 2003, for example, Kiswahili was declared as one of the working languages of the African Union. It has also been adopted as a language for the East African Community by the Heads of State Summit of member countries.

Mwangi, I.K NJ, In Kumssa, A. William J(eds)JH & JF. " Human Security and Conflict in Africa: Kenya in Perspective. New York.". In: Research Methodology. New York: Palgrave Macmillian; 2011.
NYAGAH DRGRACE, Imonje DR, MUTORO JULIANA. "CURRICULUM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT."; 2011.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. ""Female Genital Mutilation, Human Rights and Language: The Meeting Point" Chapter in Iribemwangi P. et. al: Human Rights, African Values and Traditions. Nairobi: Focus. pp 50-64; ISBN 9966-01-152-8.". In: Human Rights, African Values & Traditions . Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2011. Abstract

In the communities where it is practiced, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a valued cultural practice. It is justified using many and varied reasons, some cultural, others religious, some attitudinal and yet others psychological. The operation is performed in many different ways and in varying degrees of severity for different purposes. However, research has shown that the practice has many negative effects on girls and women. The effects are both long and short term. Such effects are mostly health related but they also fall under education, economic and political fields. It is these effects that directly make FGM an issue of human rights concern. FGM contradicts many of the principles laid down in the international instruments of human rights. To reduce its prevalence, one medium, language, is of utmost importance. So, in any strategy geared towards reducing the practice, language plays an integral part. Our thesis is that it is language that would determine the success or failure of any advocacy strategy against FGM. Use language that is unfamiliar to the people, could reduce the effectiveness of messages directed at changing people’s perceptions, attitudes and appreciation of the practice on the one hand. On the other hand, use of a language that people understand easily could result into positive reception of the message and perhaps change in worldview and attitudes toward the practice.

Ikamari LDE. "‘An Innovative and Integrated Initiative to Reposition Intrauterine Devices in the National Family Planning Programme-Kenya’.". In: Sharing Innovative Experiences: Experiences in Addressing Population and Reproductive Health Challenges. New York: UNDP; 2011.
In K. Mukelabai, N. O. Bwibo M(E)& R. "HIV infection and AIDS in children.". In: , Primary health care manual for medical students and other health workers (3rd . UNICEF; 2010.
M. Hdedimbi, G.P.Kaaya, S. Singh, P.M. Chimwamurombe, G. Gindin, I. Glazer, SAMISH M. "Protection of Metarhizium anisopliae conidia ftom ultra-violet radiation and their pathogenicity to Rhipicephalus evertsi everstsi ticks.". In: In” DISEASES OF MITES AND TICKS, Eds.Jan Bruin, Leo, P.S van der Geest. Springer-Science + Business media; 2009.
Akinyeye R, Michira I, Botha S, Baker P, Iwuoha E. "Electrocatalytic Sensor Applications of Nanostructured Polypyrolles and Polythiophenes.". In: Recent advances in Electroanalytical chemistry. Vol. T.C. 37/661(2), Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, kerala, India. Keralala, India: Transworld Network; 2007:.
Ngugi RW, Mwega FM, Ibi A. "Foreign Direct Investment in Kenya.". In: Foreign Direct Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants, Origins, Targets, Impact and Potential. AERC; 2007.
Ininda J, Njuguna JGM, Gichuru L, Lorroki P. "Performance of Three-Way Cross Hybrids for Agronomic Traits and Resistance to Maize Streak Virus Disease in Kenya."; 2007. Abstract

Maize Streak virus (MSV) disease is a major disease in many parts of Africa, and is the most important viral pathogen of maize in Kenya. A study was conducted in 2004 to evaluate the agronomic performance and maize streak virus (MSV) resistance of maize ( Zea mays check for this species in other resources L.) three-way crosses developed in Kenya. Twenty hybrids and one check were grown under normal conditions in a randomized complete block design, in two replications at Embu, 1540 masl; and Muguga, 2093 masl). In a parallel trial in Muguga, hybrids were also evaluated in two replications under artificial inoculation with MSV. The analyses of variance combined across environments showed significant differences (P<0.05) among genotypes for grain yield, days to 50% pollen shed, days to mid-silk and ear height. Genotype x environment interaction was significant (P<0.01) for grain yield and days to mid-silk, indicating some hybrids were more adapted in some environments. Grain yield for MU03-025 (10.04 t ha-1) was significantly better (P<0.05) than the check, H513 (7.53t ha-1). In the disease inoculated experiment, the best hybrids for disease resistance were MU03-012 and MU03-006 (score of 1.75), while H513 had a mean score of >3.0. The highest yielding hybrid under disease inoculation, MU03-026 showed yield gain of 5.2 t ha-1 above that of H513. The results indicate adoption of disease resistant hybrids would result in a higher maize yields in the mid-altitude areas of Kenya.

Coughlin P, Jafta R, Ikiara M, DK M. "Globalization, technological imperatives, and labor relations in Mozambique: Comparisons with Kenya, Malaysia and South Africa.". In: Labor Relations in Mozambique: Law, Praxis & Economic Implications with International Comparisons. Maputo: EconPolicy Research Group, Ltd; 2005.
Ikiara GK,.Muriira MI, Nyangena W. "Kenya ’ s Trade in Services: Should the Country Fully Liberalize.". In: Services in the International Economy. University of Michigan Press; 2001.
Ikamari LDE. "The Use of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in Differential Mortality Analysis.". In: Population, Health and Development in Africa.; 2001.
Mwega FM, Ibrahim A. "Regional Integration, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment.". In: Trade Reform and Reg ional Integration.; 1998.
Ikamari LDE, Lucas TJ, Nalwamba C. "’Provincial view of fertility and mortality change in Kenya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe’.". In: Africa Today: Proceedings of the international Seminar. Sydney: University of New South Wales; 1995.
Frye DM, Ilnicki RD, Michieka RW. "Weed control in southern greens."; 1978.
Broadcast
Case
Conference Paper
Iraki XN. "Does Operations Research need a Renaissance?". In: 11 international Operations Research of Eastern Africa Conference. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Forthcoming.
Oredo J, Njihia J, Iraki XN. "Institutional Pressures and Cloud Computing Adoption.". In: IST-Africa 2019 . Nairobi; 2019.
Sila MJ, Nyambura MI, Abong’o DA, Mwaura FB, Iwuoha E. "Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles from Eucalyptus Corymbia Leaf Extract at Optimized Conditions.". In: Nano Hybrids and Composites Vol. 25. Vol. 25. South Africa; 2019:. Abstract

Abstract:

This study reports the biosynthesis of narrow range diameter silver nanoparticles at optimum conditions using Eucalyptus corymbia as a reducing and stabilizing agent. Optimal conditions for biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were found to be; an extraction temperature of 90°C, pH of 5.7 a Silver Nitrate concentration of 1mM and AgNO3 to plant extract ratio of 4:1. UV-Visible spectroscopy monitored the formation of colloidal AgNPs. The UV-Visible spectrum showed a peak around 425 nm corresponding to the Plasmon absorbance of the AgNPs. The size and shape characterization of the AgNPs was done using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) techniques which revealed narrow range diameter (18-20 nm), almost monodispersed AgNPs, spherical in nature and with minimal agglomeration. Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) results showed the presence of two peaks at 3.0 and 3.15 keV in the silver region. The Fourier Transform Infrared-Spectra (FTIR) of the plant extract and the AgNPs gave rise to vibrational peaks at 3260 and 1634 wavenumbers which are due to the presence of OH and –C=C-functional groups respectively.

Ipara BO, Otieno DJ, Nyikal RA, Makokha SN. "The role of chicken production systems and management practices on Newcastle Disease outbreaks in Kenya .". In: Tropentag Conference at Universities of Kassel & Goettingen. Germany; 2019.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "Implementing a school-based teacher support system for sustainable education development in Kenya.". In: International Conference on Research and innovation in Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2018.
Mwihia EW, Lyche JL, Mbuthia PG, Gathumbi JK, Maina J, Ivanova L, Uhlig S, Mulei IR, Eriksen GS. "Co-occurrence of multiple mycotoxins in fish feed in Kenya.". In: ASM 2018 Scientific Programme. Leisure Lodge Resort, Mombasa, Kenya; 2018.
Mitema A, Rafudeen S, Okoth S, Iyer R. "Heterokaryon incompatibility and phenotypic characterisation of Aspergillus flavus isolates in low and high risk zones in Kenya.". In: The 14th International Aspergillus Meeting Asperfest 14. Asilomar Conference Center, PG, CA, USA; 2017.
WASWA AARONK, Nyamai CM, MATHU ELIUDM, Ichang’i DW. "NEW FINDINGS OF THE TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EAST AFRICAN OROGENY IN THE KITUI – TAITA HILLS, S.E KENYA.". In: 35TH INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS. CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA; 2016. Abstract

The research area occurs within the Neoproterozoic Mozambique belt (NMB) in the south-eastern part of Kenya. An enigmatic problem within the polyphase and highly deformed NMB, is the lack of better understanding of the geology and tectonic structures. In order to decipher the aforementioned problem, this study undertook a geological study with the aim of having a better understanding of the petrology and tectono-metamorphic setting, in the study area. The research was carried out using geological field mapping and remote sense investigation. Samples collected in the field were analysed using XRF (X- ray fluorescence) and AAS (Atomic absorption spectrophotometry). The petrological investigation was carried out using petrographic microscopy. An investigation using remotely sensed data established prevalent geological structures, lithology and mineral alteration zones. This study has provided a comprehensive understanding of the tectono-thermal scenario. One of the key findings of this study is the realization that Kitui – Taita gneisses and migmatites represent a thick sequence of meta-sedimentary rocks. The entire protolith sequence was marked by the alternation of thin pelitic, psammitic and limey layers, together with minor thin basic meta-volcanic rocks that were deposited under deep marine conditions. The entire paragneissic sequence was subsequently subjected to multiple phases of successive deformation and metamorphism, which was accompanied by shearing, faulting and folding. Petrochemistry has revealed that Kitui – Taita hills area has remnants of Island alkali tholeiite and calc – alkaline Metabasalts. It has also revealed that Ikutha (south of Kitui) has huge deposit of apatite – iron of Kiruna type. Petrological studies have shown that Mutomo–Ikutha area occurs in an ophiolitic suite and mimics similar lithological and geochemical signatures as those reported in other ophiolite suites occurring in Kenya like in Moyale, Sekerr in West Pokot and Voi, SE Kenya. The field occurrence of this suite has been documented by the lithological and stratigraphic sequence of serpentinite, sheeted dykes, gabbro, limestone, tectonic mélange and remnants of pillow lava found in the type area. The field occurrence of this suite is an indication of the remnants of the obducted oceanic crust during the closure of the paleo- Mozambique Ocean and collision of the East and West Gondwanaland

WASWA AARONK, MATHU ELIUDM, Nyamai CM, Ichang’i DW. "NEW FINDINGS OF THE TECTONIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EAST AFRICAN OROGENY IN THE KITUI – TAITA HILLS, S.E KENYA.". In: 35TH INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS. CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA; 2016.
Iraki XN. "Risk, assessment and IT Risk.". In: The Kenya Instutute of Management (KIM)annual Risk Management Conference.; 2015.
Iraki XN. "The great expectations: MBA and after.". In: Sixth annual Africa International Business and Management (AIBUMA 2015) conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 2015.
Iraki XN. "Nairobi vs. Toronto: A tale of two cities and reality of urban economics.". In: Sixth annual Africa International Business and Management (AIBUMA 2015) conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 2015.
Gitahi N, Kiarie J, Mecha J, Ilovi S. "Implementation of HIV discordant couple care and treatment program in a Kenyan referral hospital.". In: 8th IAS Conference on Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Vancouver, . Canada ; 2015.
Imonje RK, Nyagah G. "Academic Staff effectiveness in mainstreaming disability interventions for students with special needs in public universities in Kenya.". In: 2nd Africe International Conference. University of Nairobi, Kenya Science Campus; 2015.
Ilovi CS, Mecha JO, Wambui M, Njagi LN, Kamau NG. "HIV in the Elderly: Are Outcomes Comparable to Younger Patients? Perspectives from a Kenyan Tertiary HIV Clini.". In: Oral Abstract 1st Annual HIV Clinician’s Conference, .; 2015.
Ilovi CS, Mutisya I, Njuguna E, Njagi LN, Kamau NG, Mutai K, Muiruri P, Mecha JO. "Treatment Outcomes after Switch to Second-line Protease Inhibitor Based ART in a Kenyan National Referral Facility.". In: Oral Abstract 1st Annual HIV Clinician’s Conference. Nairobi, Kenya.; 2015.
CF Otieno CSIGOO, Genga EK, Otieno FO, Ilovi CS, Ilovi CS. "CF Otieno CF Otieno Clinical profiles of patients with osteoporosis in Nairobi."; 2015. Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis, a chronic, progressive disease of multifactorial aetiology and one of the most common metabolic bone diseases worldwide. Despite ample sunshine, the Middle East and Africa register the highest rates of rickets worldwide. Low levels of vitamin D are prevalent throughout the region. There is a paucity of data on osteoporosis in Africa as it’s generally thought not to affect the non Caucasian population. We sought to describe the population with osteoporosis in a Nairobi rheumatology clinic. Objective : This study sets out to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with osteoporosis seen at a rheumatology clinic in Nairobi. Methods : This was a cross-sectional study done on patients with the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of osteoporosis of a T-score of –2.5 on bone mineral density scan. The study site was a rheumatology clinic in Nairobi. The study variables were age, sex, clinical presentation and selected comorbidities. Results : Fifty six patients with a WHO definition of osteoporosis were recruited. The age distribution was 31- 95 years with a mean age of 63.95 years with the most affected being above the age of 60 years at 71.5%. Majority were female (89.3%), with the main presenting complaints as polyarthralgia (30.4%) followed by lower back pain (19.6%) and pathological fractures (12.5%). The most common comorbidity being rheumatoid arthritis (39.3%) followed by steroids therapy (25%). Others included osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, systemic lupus erythromatosus and diabetes. Seven study participants had history of fracture with lumbar leading at 42.8%. None of the study participants were smokers. The number of patients on calcium supplements was at 71.4% and bisphosphonates was low at 21.4%. Conclusion: The findings of this study from age to comorbidities on osteoporosis are in keeping with literature. The presence of fibromyalgia as a comorbidity was an interesting finding. The number of patients on bisphosphonates was low which differed from Western literature. Stratification of patients at risk should be done so that active screening and prompt early management for osteoporosis can be instituted. Attempts should be to offer cheaper bisphosphonates so that the affected can benefit from the drugs

Mecha J, Gitahi-Kamau N, Ilovi S, L. Njagi, Njuguna E, Mutai K, Katei I, Inwani I. "Optimising adolescent HIV care in a large Kenyan care and treatment centre.". In: IAS Conference on Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Vancouver, . Canada; 2015.
J.M. Mbaria, S.M.Itonga, D.W. Gakuya, P. K. Gathumbi, I.M.Mapenay. "Study of bioactivity and acute toxicity of Tephrosia vogelii growing in Meru, Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
Shah PS, Irandu EM. "The potential and challenges of promoting ecotourism in Kenya’s Wetlands.". In: Building communities, saving nature . Strathmore University, Centre for Tourism and Hospitality; 2014.
Shah PS, Irandu, Evaristus M. "The role of ecotourism in promoting women empowerment and community development: some reflections from Kenya.". In: Understanding oneself and the others: New Domestic and international Tourism Practices and the promotion of Heritage and Tourism in East Africa. French Institute of Research in Africa (IFRA); 2014.
Ireri TG, Murage DK, Abungu NO. "Short Term Load Forecasting Using Artificial Neural Networks.". In: Mechanical Engineering Annual Conference. Juja; 2013. Abstractjkuat_conf_paper.pdf

Load forecasting refers to the prediction of future load conditions based on present or historical data. This is important especially for transmission planning and economic dispatch. In this paper, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is trained using historical data for a sub-station at Ruiru, Kenya and the corresponding loading conditions for the sub-station are used to test its accuracy in forecasting the electrical load when given other parameters.

ndeti ndati, I G, P M. "Media Portrayal and Disability Mainstreaming.". In: School of Human Resource Annual Research Conference. JKUAT Main Campus; 2013.
Mutoro JM, Imonje DR. "DESIGNING INSTRUCTIONS FOR DISTANCE LEARNING IN THE 21ST CENTURY."; 2013. Abstract

The debate around distance education has often been reduced to issues of access and quality. Much discussion surrounds designing instructions for distance learning. Good instructional design produces good outcomes and poor instructional designs produce poor outcomes. From a practical perspective, these are concerns that must be addressed and balanced when designing education to be delivered at a distance. This paper addresses these concerns based on designing instructions for distance learning. This paper draws data from different national and international sources. The paper begins with a review of the related literature. The study carried out in July 2010 on “critical review of instructional design process of distance learning system”. The study was carried out at Allama Iqbal University (AIOU). The study used survey design. Key findings of this study indicate that there is need to conduct need’s assessment before writing any course that need multimedia support i.e. audio and video-cassettes and computer diskettes may be provided along with study materials and finally, illustrations and self assessment. Designing of instructions for distance learning is mainly influenced by objectives, course content, experience and qualification of teachers and learners characteristics. Modern technology of e-learning is expensive and hence learners’ background will dictate on which mode at a distance will be more affordable and effective when designing instructions for distance learning. Designing of instructions for distance learning will be determined by evaluation, assessment,
44 UoN - ISO 9001:2008 Certified
and feedback procedures. Thus, this paper will further consider the following aspects: meaningful and meaningless instructions, feedback model, Dick and Carey system and Oar model. The paper will also discuss the theories of distance learning by Moore and Holmberg. In spite of its significance, designing instructions for distance learning has its challenges. These challenges include insufficient support from the stakeholders, and inadequate teaching and learning resources. We suggest that the key stakeholders to participate in transformation of educational system into distance education and training of the stakeholders in the handling of distance education materials.
Keywords; Designing instruction, distance learning and distance education, instructional models, meaningful learning meaningless learning, involvement evaluation, assessment and feedback.

Mutoro JM, Imonje DR. "The role of collaboration and partnership in teacher education and development in Africa."; 2013. Abstract

Abstract
This paper investigates the role of collaboration and partnership in teacher education and development in Africa. Teacher education is important as it empowers the teachers with the necessary skills that are needed for bringing about development .We begin this paper by discussing types of teacher education in Africa. The paper goes on to discuss collaboration and partnership in teacher education and development and the parties that are involved in collaboration and partnership. We will also look at the consequences of collaboration and partnership in teacher education. The challenges experienced in teacher education. We will suggest solutions to these challenges.
Key words: Teacher, Teacher education, Collaboration, Partnership, Development

Ikamari LDE. "‘African ontology and its implications for public health research’.". In: Second Cohort of Carta PhD Fellows Training Workshop. The Oak Place, Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.
Onyango CM, Imungi JK, Onwonga RN. "Effect of Nitrogen Source, Crop Maturity Stage and Storage Conditions on Phenolics and Oxalate Contents in Vegetable Amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus).". In: Journal of Agricultural Science. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2012.
Ireri TG, Abungu NO. "An Efficient Method of Load Forecasting for Non-Working Days.". In: Kenya Society of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Kenya Society of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (KSEEE); 2012. Abstract

Power utility companies are required to supply customers with power within specified voltage limits. Voltage rise in networks with distributed generators therefore poses a challenge. This paper presents a coordinated network controller whose objective is to maintain an optimal voltage profile across the power network. The operations of distributed generators, on-load tap-changing transformers and reactive power sources are controlled. The controller is modelled as an optimisation problem which is solved using Particle Swarm Optimisation. The IEEE 30-bus test network is then used to verify the effectiveness of the controller. The results obtained show that this controller can greatly improve the voltage profile of a power network by varying the parameters of existing generation and voltage control equipment.

Onyango CM, Imungi JK, Shibairo SI. "Influence of organic and mineral fertilization on germination, leaf nitrogen, nitrate accumulation and yield of vegetable amaranth.". In: Journal of Plant Nutrition. Taylor & Francis; 2012.
Hannah H;, Kimani T;, Irungu P;, Grace D;, Randolph T. "Participatory disease surveillance: Cost effectiveness relative to passive surveillance in Kajiado County, Kenya."; 2012. Abstract

Effective surveillance for infectious diseases is an essential and resource-consuming activity for mitigating unwanted consequences for animal and public health. Allocation of scarce resources for surveillance must be considered against alternative prevention and control measures and regularly reviewed. Few studies estimate cost-effectiveness and benefits of different animal disease surveillance approaches and systems. In this study, we considered the benefits and resource costs of participatory epidemiology (PE) surveys and participatory disease surveillance (PDS) compared with routine passive surveillance. Focusing on a 6-month interval in a primarily pastoralist district in Kenya, basic performance indicators for surveillance measured were (1) number of outbreaks; (2) number of samples generated from suspected outbreaks; (3) number of positive laboratory confirmations. Costs of passive surveillance and interventions mounted were determined for the 6-month interval. In the same district, PE surveys were conducted in randomly selected communities to determine the number of outbreaks of notifiable cattle diseases in the same 6-month interval. Additional information was collected on the scale of morbidity and mortality for historical outbreaks (numbers and duration), the value of individual animals and the number of active outbreaks. Costs associated with mounting PE visits were ascertained and extrapolated to district level. One month after completion of PE visits, district level stakeholders were interviewed to determine the response, if any, to outbreaks detected during the visits. The study provides cost effectiveness estimates at a district level for the 6-month interval, including losses which occurred from outbreaks missed by passive surveillance and costs if PE were applied at regular intervals. In addition, the findings consider available prevention and control responses and provide decision-makers with evidence to inform future application of participatory approaches in animal disease surveillance.

Mukhwana A, Iribe MP. "Othello." Oxford University Press; 2012. Abstract
n/a
Khasakhala A, Agwanda A, Odwe G, Z L, Imbwaga A. "Reassessing Mortality decline in Kenya.". In: The 6th African Population Conference . Ougadougou , Burkina Faso ; 2011.
Khasakhala" "A, Agwanda" "A, Odwe" "G, Lyaga" "Z, Imbwaga" "A. "Reassessing Mortality decline in Kenya.". In: 6th African Population Conference. Ougadougou, Burkina Faso ; 2011.
Ochako R, Saliku T, Ikamari L, Izugbara C. "‘Contraceptive Use among Women in Nairobi, Kenya’.". In: 2011 International Conference on Family Planning. Dakar, Senegal; 2011.
J.P. E, Ekesi S, Kabaru J, Irungu LW, Torto B. "Identification of sex pheromones of the coconut bug, Pseudtheraptus wayi.". In: icipe science day. ICIPE, NAIROBI - KENYA; 2011.
Ikamari LDE. "‘State of Maternal Health in Rural Kenya’.". In: Maternal Health Challenges in Kenya-What Evidence Shows Workshop. Serena Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya; 2011.
Onyango CM;, Harbinson J;, Imungi, J K; Kooten O, Imungi, J K; Kooten O. "Analysis of the molecular diversity of Kenyan sorghum germplasm using microsatellites."; 2011. Abstract

Vegetable amaranth is a leafy vegetable traditionally grown in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia where it is the most consumed traditional vegetable. It is considered to have high nutritional quality, containing relatively large amounts of vitamins A and C. We have assessed the influence of the maturity of the vegetable and soil nutrition on the visual and nutritional quality of amaranth. We found that leaf ascorbic acid content is strongly influenced by both maturity and soil nutrition, with leaves of seven week old matured plants having the highest content. β-carotene increased with increasing amount of soil nitrogen and with increasing plant age. The loss of both visual and nutritional quality during storage was influenced more by maturity at harvest and the temperature of storage than the soil nutrition.

Onyango CM;, Harbinson J;, Shibairo SI;, Imungi JK. "Effect of organic and in organic fertilisers on yield and quality of amaranth in sub-Saharan Africa."; 2011. Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the influence of manure and mineral fertilization on yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (as protein equivalents), Vitamin C and nitrate accumulation in Amaranthus hypochondriacus. The vegetables were produced in field trials, set up in the University of Nairobi, Kenya, during the long rains period between March and May in 2007 and 2008 using diammonium phosphate (DAP; 20, 40 and 60 kg N ha-1) and manure; 40 kg N kg ha-1,) and the yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (K-N; a proxy for protein content), vitamin C and nitrate levels were measured. The manure treatment produced little increase in productivity though it increased K-N levels. The DAP treatments produced increases in yield, but these saturated at 40 kg N ha -1. The K-N content of the leaves was high, ranging from 2.5 % to just over 4 %, and, broadly, increased with fertiliser application though the variation between the treatments was lower than that for yields. Nitrate levels, however, also increased with DAP fertilisation, resulting in an increase in the nitrate:K-N at high DAP applications, especially in younger plants. There were no clear correlations between ascorbic acid content and K-N. Nonetheless, the plants grown under different fertilisation regimes can be placed into three broad groups; those characterised with low to moderate K-N contents and low to high ascorbic acid contents, moderate to high K-N and low to high ascorbic acid content, and lastly high K-N and low ascorbic contents. Therefore, the growth environment of amaranth, can have a major impact not only on the productivity of the crop but its nutritional value. In this respect the mineral nutrient supply to the crop is of particular importance.

Onyango CM;, Harbinson J;, Shibairo SI;, Imungi JK. "Effect of organic and in organic fertilisers on yield and quality of amaranth in sub-Saharan Africa."; 2011. Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the influence of manure and mineral fertilization on yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (as protein equivalents), Vitamin C and nitrate accumulation in Amaranthus hypochondriacus. The vegetables were produced in field trials, set up in the University of Nairobi, Kenya, during the long rains period between March and May in 2007 and 2008 using diammonium phosphate (DAP; 20, 40 and 60 kg N ha-1) and manure; 40 kg N kg ha-1,) and the yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (K-N; a proxy for protein content), vitamin C and nitrate levels were measured. The manure treatment produced little increase in productivity though it increased K-N levels. The DAP treatments produced increases in yield, but these saturated at 40 kg N ha -1. The K-N content of the leaves was high, ranging from 2.5 % to just over 4 %, and, broadly, increased with fertiliser application though the variation between the treatments was lower than that for yields. Nitrate levels, however, also increased with DAP fertilisation, resulting in an increase in the nitrate:K-N at high DAP applications, especially in younger plants. There were no clear correlations between ascorbic acid content and K-N. Nonetheless, the plants grown under different fertilisation regimes can be placed into three broad groups; those characterised with low to moderate K-N contents and low to high ascorbic acid contents, moderate to high K-N and low to high ascorbic acid content, and lastly high K-N and low ascorbic contents. Therefore, the growth environment of amaranth, can have a major impact not only on the productivity of the crop but its nutritional value. In this respect the mineral nutrient supply to the crop is of particular importance.

Onyango CM;, Harbinson J;, Shibairo SI;, Imungi JK. "Effect of organic and in organic fertilisers on yield and quality of amaranth in sub-Saharan Africa."; 2011. Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the influence of manure and mineral fertilization on yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (as protein equivalents), Vitamin C and nitrate accumulation in Amaranthus hypochondriacus. The vegetables were produced in field trials, set up in the University of Nairobi, Kenya, during the long rains period between March and May in 2007 and 2008 using diammonium phosphate (DAP; 20, 40 and 60 kg N ha-1) and manure; 40 kg N kg ha-1,) and the yield, Kjeldahl nitrogen (K-N; a proxy for protein content), vitamin C and nitrate levels were measured. The manure treatment produced little increase in productivity though it increased K-N levels. The DAP treatments produced increases in yield, but these saturated at 40 kg N ha -1. The K-N content of the leaves was high, ranging from 2.5 % to just over 4 %, and, broadly, increased with fertiliser application though the variation between the treatments was lower than that for yields. Nitrate levels, however, also increased with DAP fertilisation, resulting in an increase in the nitrate:K-N at high DAP applications, especially in younger plants. There were no clear correlations between ascorbic acid content and K-N. Nonetheless, the plants grown under different fertilisation regimes can be placed into three broad groups; those characterised with low to moderate K-N contents and low to high ascorbic acid contents, moderate to high K-N and low to high ascorbic acid content, and lastly high K-N and low ascorbic contents. Therefore, the growth environment of amaranth, can have a major impact not only on the productivity of the crop but its nutritional value. In this respect the mineral nutrient supply to the crop is of particular importance.

Ikamari LDE. "IUCD re-introduction in Kenya: A Case of Best Practice.". In: In PP Documentation of Best Practices in Family planning and Reproductive Health: Partners in Population and Development Secretariat. Dhaka Bangladesh; 2011.
IRUNGU LUCYW. "Plasmodium falciparum transmission and aridity: a Kenyan experience from the dry lands of Baringo and its implications for Anopheles arabiensis control. Malaria Journal. 2011;10(1):121.". In: Acarologia, XLIX, 3-4 : 121-137. Mala AO, Irungu LW, Shililu JI, Muturi EJ, Mbogo CC, Kiambo JK, Mukabana WR, Githure JI; 2011.
Kunyanga CN;, Imungi JK. "Quality Characteristics and Acceptability of Bread Produced with Supplementation of Dolichos lab lab Beans."; 2011. Abstract

The viability of production of good quality and acceptable bread with substitution of wheat flour with Dolichos lab lab (Lab lab purpureus) was investigated. The bread was analyzed for protein, moisture, general bread quality and sensory properties. The protein content of bread was elevated by up to about 20% and the moisture content reduced by about 10% without significant changes in bread taste, odor, volume and general bread quality. Substitution levels of up to 10% produced bread with quality characteristics not significantly different from the control. Sensory evaluation showed no significant differences between the control bread and the Dolichos supplemented breads up to 15% in the sensory attributes of aroma, crumb appearance, texture, crust colour, loaf shape, taste and general acceptability (p < 0.05). The crumb colour changed from creamish white to dull brown and a gradual hardening of crumb texture was observed as the addition of Dolichos lab lab bean flour increased. Above 15% substitution levels, the acceptability declined because of the compact texture of the crumb and the strong beany flavor of the product. Results indicate that acceptable breads can be produced by substitution of up to 15% wheat flour with dolichos bean flour

Mukhwana A, Iribe MP. "Isimujamii." Focus Publishers; 2011. Abstract
n/a
WAMBUGU DRSTANLEYNDIRITU, MBAABU DRMATHIUPETER, WAWERU DRGAKUYADANIEL, IKUSYA PROFKANUITITUS, GITAHI DRKIAMASTEPHEN. "PUBLICATIONS 1. SN Wambugu, PM. Mathiu, DW. Gakuya, TI. Kanui, JD. Kabasa, SG. Kiama. Medicinal plants used in the management of chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology; 137, (2011) 945.". In: Journal of Etnopharmacology. Elsevier; 2011. Abstract
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Traditional medicines play an important role in the management of chronically painful and debilitating joint conditions, particularly in the rural Africa. However, their potential use as sources of medicines has not been fully exploited. The present study was carried to find the medicinal plants traditionally used to manage chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties in Kenya. Materials and methods: To obtain this ethnobotanical information, 30 consenting traditional herbal med-ical practitioners were interviewed exclusively on medicinal plant use in the management of chronic joint pains, in a pre-planned workshop. Results and discussion: In this survey, a total of 37 plants belonging to 32 genera and 23 families were cited as being important for treatment of chronic joint pains. The most commonly cited plant species were Pavetta crassipes K. Schum, Strychnos henningsii Gilg., Carissa spinarum L., Fagaropsis hildebrandtii (Engl.) Milve-Redh. and Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth., Amaranthus albus L., Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr., Grewia fallax K. Schum., Lactuca capensis, Launaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) O. Jeffrey, Lippia kituiensis Vatke, Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh. and Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. are documented for the first time as being important in the management of chronic joint pains. Conclusions: The findings of this study show that a variety of medicinal plants are used in the management of chronic joint pains and the main mode of administration is oral. Keywords: Ethnobotanical survey; Medicinal plants; Chronic joint pains; Rheumatoid arthritis; Akamba; Machakos-Kenya
WAMBUGU DRSTANLEYNDIRITU, MBAABU DRMATHIUPETER, WAWERU DRGAKUYADANIEL, IKUSYA PROFKANUITITUS, GITAHI DRKIAMASTEPHEN. "PUBLICATIONS 1. SN Wambugu, PM. Mathiu, DW. Gakuya, TI. Kanui, JD. Kabasa, SG. Kiama. Medicinal plants used in the management of chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology; 137, (2011) 945.". In: Journal of Etnopharmacology. Elsevier; 2011. Abstract
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Traditional medicines play an important role in the management of chronically painful and debilitating joint conditions, particularly in the rural Africa. However, their potential use as sources of medicines has not been fully exploited. The present study was carried to find the medicinal plants traditionally used to manage chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties in Kenya. Materials and methods: To obtain this ethnobotanical information, 30 consenting traditional herbal med-ical practitioners were interviewed exclusively on medicinal plant use in the management of chronic joint pains, in a pre-planned workshop. Results and discussion: In this survey, a total of 37 plants belonging to 32 genera and 23 families were cited as being important for treatment of chronic joint pains. The most commonly cited plant species were Pavetta crassipes K. Schum, Strychnos henningsii Gilg., Carissa spinarum L., Fagaropsis hildebrandtii (Engl.) Milve-Redh. and Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth., Amaranthus albus L., Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr., Grewia fallax K. Schum., Lactuca capensis, Launaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) O. Jeffrey, Lippia kituiensis Vatke, Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh. and Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. are documented for the first time as being important in the management of chronic joint pains. Conclusions: The findings of this study show that a variety of medicinal plants are used in the management of chronic joint pains and the main mode of administration is oral. Keywords: Ethnobotanical survey; Medicinal plants; Chronic joint pains; Rheumatoid arthritis; Akamba; Machakos-Kenya
WAMBUGU DRSTANLEYNDIRITU, MBAABU DRMATHIUPETER, WAWERU DRGAKUYADANIEL, IKUSYA PROFKANUITITUS, GITAHI DRKIAMASTEPHEN. "PUBLICATIONS 1. SN Wambugu, PM. Mathiu, DW. Gakuya, TI. Kanui, JD. Kabasa, SG. Kiama. Medicinal plants used in the management of chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology; 137, (2011) 945.". In: Journal of Etnopharmacology. Elsevier; 2011. Abstract
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Traditional medicines play an important role in the management of chronically painful and debilitating joint conditions, particularly in the rural Africa. However, their potential use as sources of medicines has not been fully exploited. The present study was carried to find the medicinal plants traditionally used to manage chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties in Kenya. Materials and methods: To obtain this ethnobotanical information, 30 consenting traditional herbal med-ical practitioners were interviewed exclusively on medicinal plant use in the management of chronic joint pains, in a pre-planned workshop. Results and discussion: In this survey, a total of 37 plants belonging to 32 genera and 23 families were cited as being important for treatment of chronic joint pains. The most commonly cited plant species were Pavetta crassipes K. Schum, Strychnos henningsii Gilg., Carissa spinarum L., Fagaropsis hildebrandtii (Engl.) Milve-Redh. and Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth., Amaranthus albus L., Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr., Grewia fallax K. Schum., Lactuca capensis, Launaea cornuta (Oliv. & Hiern) O. Jeffrey, Lippia kituiensis Vatke, Pappea capensis Eckl. & Zeyh. and Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. are documented for the first time as being important in the management of chronic joint pains. Conclusions: The findings of this study show that a variety of medicinal plants are used in the management of chronic joint pains and the main mode of administration is oral. Keywords: Ethnobotanical survey; Medicinal plants; Chronic joint pains; Rheumatoid arthritis; Akamba; Machakos-Kenya

UoN Websites Search