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Akatch SO. "The Urban Housing Manual.". 2004.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Development and Promotion of Community Based Sericulture. Annex XL pp 96.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Women's Alliance for the Restoration of Lake Victoria", in Dying Lake Victoria (1996). Annex XI pp 85.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Rural Planning in Regional Development: The Kenyan Experience Discovery and Innovation Vol. 13 Nos 3/4 Dec. 2001.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2001.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Researching for Improved and Affordable Housing", Construction Review Journal of the Construction Industry Vol. 13 No. 10 pp. 6-8 October 2002.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2002.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Training on Local and Regional Development and Planning, (7th - 9th Nov. 1998) sponsored by UNCRD, UNDP and the Government of Japan.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Informal Settlements and the Role of Infrastructure: The case of Kibera Discovery and Innovation Vol 14 Nos. 3/4.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1980.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Renewable Energy Technology and Appropriate Technology Development" in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex II pp 49.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Sustaihable Development Planning in Kenya (2003, Forthcoming).". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2003.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Urban Planning Practice and Experiences in the Africa Region", published in the African Urban Quarterly, Vol. No. 3 & 4, 2000.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2000.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Dying Lake Victoria, (1996) A community Based Prevention programme, OSIENALA/UNDP Publication (1996), ISBN Bo. 9966 - 42 - 046 -0.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""The State of the Art of Participatory Local Development" S.O. Akatch Sub-National Planning in Kenya, Centre for Urban Research. 1998.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Catchment Conservation and Rehabilitation Programme, in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex XXL pp 90.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Spatial planning and Sustainable Development in Kenya, Discovery and Innovation, African Science Publishers, Vol. 13 No . 1&2 June, 2001.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2001.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. """The State of the Art of Participatory Local Development"", in Sub National Planing in Kenya, S.O.Akatch, eds., 1998.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Establishment of Cold Storage Facilities a Strategic Landing Beaches along Lake Victoria', in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex IX pp 77.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Towards a Revamped Housing Policy in Kenya: Discovery and Innovation Vol 14 Nos. 3/4.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2002.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Lake Victoria Wetlands Programme: "An Inventory Assessment and Mapping Programme" in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex VI pp 70.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""A Case for Improved Housing" Construction Review Journal of the Construction Industry, Vol. 13 No. 10 pp. 53-55 January 2003.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2003.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Community Based Fisher Management on the Kenyan Sector of Lake Victoria" in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex III pp 54.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Decentralization of Development Planning in Kenya, published PhD thesis University of Dortmund, Germany (1992).". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1992.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Housing Delivery in Kenya: The Lost Decades (2003 Forthcoming).". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2003.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""The establishment of Mobile laboratory to Monitor Waste Effluent from Industries and Urban Centres. Annex XIII, pp 95.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Soil Fertility Management in Africa: A Regional Perspective ASP (2003) ISBN No. 9966-24-063-2. Publishing Support Editor S.O. Akatch.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2003.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Sub-National Planning in Kenya, Centre for Urban Research, (1998). ISBN NO. 9966 - 9885 - 5 - 6.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "Poverty Alleviation: Challenges to the African Development Planners, Discovery and Innovation, Special Edition 2001/2.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2002.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Fisheries Management of small water bodies), in Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex VII.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""Community Neem Seed Hank Establishment and Processing Neem Products. Annex XV, pp 96.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1980.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. "The Maasai Cultural Dogmatism and the Scramble for Kajiado:, The Housing and Planning Dilemma (Forthcoming, 2003).". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 2003.
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""The Development of Effective Fishermen Cooperative Societies in Lake Victoria (Kenya)' Dying Lake Victoria (1996) Annex I, pp45.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1996.
Akech M, Kinyanjui S. 5) Pretrial Detention in Kenya: Balancing the Rights of Criminal Defendants and the Interests of Justice . Open Society Initiative Global Criminal Justice Fund ; 2011.
Akech M. "2) Globalization, the Rule of (Administrative) Law, and the Realization of Democratic Governance in Africa.". In: The Next Twenty Years,” 20th Anniversary of Symposium of the Indiana Journal . Indiana University Maurer School of Law; 2012.
Akech M. 26) Public Law and the Neoliberal Experiment in Kenya: What Should the Public Interest Become. New York : New York University School of Law; 2004.
Akech M. "Privatization and Democracy in East Africa: The Promise of Administrative Law.". Submitted. Abstractprivatization_and_democracy.pdfWebsite

This book explores the role of democracy and Public Law in privatization processes in the three East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. In particular, the book recommends the creation of strongly institutionalized Administrative Law frameworks to facilitate meaningful democratization of privatization processes in these countries. The book anticipates that such reforms would enhance the day-to-day accountability of, and public participation in, privatization processes in the three countries. The book seeks to contribute to the study of the relationship between Public Law, markets and democracy in African countries. Its particular contribution is the argument that privatization processes can only be efficient, fair and legitimate if they are democratic, that is, participatory and accountable.

Akech M. "23) Land, the Environment and the Courts in Kenya.". In: National Council for Law Reporting (NCLR), Kenya . National Council for Law Reporting (NCLR), Kenya ; 2006.
Akech M. "2) Women Should Focus on Whole Judiciary." Nairobi Star, July 18, 2022.
Akech M. "33) The Kenyan Penal Code and Spousal Rape: Is there Need for Legislative Intervention? ." UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI LAW JOURNAL . 1995;2(2).
Akech M. 12) Report on the Review of the Law of Succession Act. Kenya Law Reform Commission ; 2009.
Akech M. 15) Draft Constitution of the Dockworkers Union. Mombasa, Kenya ; 2008.
Akech M, Kameri-Mbote P. "17) Ownership and Regulation of Land Rights in Kenya: Balancing Entitlements with the Public Trust.". In: Beyond the National Land Policy. Kenyatta International Conference Centre, Nairobi, ; 2008.
Akech M. "8) FIFA’s Role in Governance of Football in Kenya.". In: Resolving the Dilemma of Non-Intervention.; 2010.
Akech M, Kameri-Mbote P. 9) Kenyan Courts and Politics of the Rule of Law in the Post-Authoritarian State. Helsinki : the Institute of Development Studies, University of Helsinki ; 2009.
Akech M, Kameri-Mbote P. "7) Kenyan Courts and Politics of the Rule of Law in the Post-Authoritarian State ." EAST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS. Submitted;18(357 ):2.
Akech M. "30) The African Growth and Opportunity Act: Implications for Kenya’s Trade and Development." JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS . 2001;33(651).
Akech M, Kinyanjui S. 6) Sentencing in Kenya: Practice, Trends, Perceptions and Judicial Discretion . Legal Resources Foundation; 2011.
Akech M. "3) Evaluating the Impact of Corruption (Perception) Indicators on Governance Discourses in Kenya.". In: Research Network on Indicators Panel, Law and Society Association Annual Meeting. San Francisco, California; 2011.
Akech M. "3) The Police Must Not Take Sides in Political Contests." East African, January 28, 2008.
Akech M. "9) PRIVATIZATION AND DEMOCRACY IN EAST AFRICA.". In: THE PROMISE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW .; 2009.
Akech M. "34) African Customary Law and the Common Law Presumption of Marriage: Strange Bedfellows? ." UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI LAW JOURNAL . 1994;1(1).
Akech M. 13) The Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime. Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Rwanda ; 2009.
Akech M. 16) Land and the Environment Law Reports. Kenya: NCLR; 2006.
Akech M. "18) Breaking the Conspiracy of Power: Democracy, Public Law Values and the Governance of Privatization in the Weak State in Africa.". In: Non-State Actors as Standard Setters: The Erosion of the Public-Private Divide. Basel, Switzerland; 2007.
Akech M, Kameri-Mbote P. 10) The Justice Sector and the Rule of Law in Kenya. African Governance Monitoring and Advocacy ; 2009.
Akech M, Kameri-Mbote P. "7) Kenyan Courts and Politics of the Rule of Law in the Post-Authoritarian State ." EAST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS. 2010;18(357):2.
Akech M. 7) Towards Professionalized Prosecution Services in Kenya. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime & Directorate of Public Prosecutions; 2010.
Akech M. "12) Transboundary Freshwater Governance and the Environment.". In: The Environmental Sustainability Challenge. United Nations Environment Program, Bangkok, Thailand; 2009.
Akech M. "4) Constraining Government Power in Africa." JOURNAL OF DEMOCRACY96. 2011;Vol. 22(96):No. 1.
Akech M. "28) The Common Law’s Approach to Liability and Redress and its Applicability to East Africa.". In: Liability and Redress under the Cartagena Protocol. Mombasa, Kenya; 200.
Akech M. "1) Is the Vetting Process Really Fair to Judges? ." Nairobi Star, June 27, 2022.
Akech M. "16) Governing Security in Kenya: How Should We Respond to the Post-2007 Election Crisis.". In: Security Governance. Grand Regency Hotel, Nairobi; 2008.
Akech M, Kinyanjui Sarah. "Pretrial Detention in Kenya: Balancing the Rights of Criminal Defendants and the Interests of Justice’." East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights 1.. 2013;19(1).
Akech M. "6) Institutional Reform in the New Constitution of Kenya.". In: International Center for Transitional Justice.; 2010.
Akech M. 8) Facilitating and Monitoring the Implementation of the New Constitution. African Centre for Open Governance; 2010.
Akech M. "5) Abuse of Power and Corruption in Kenya: Will the New Constitution Enhance Government Accountability?" INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES. 2011;Vol. 18(341):No. 1 .
Akech M. "29) Governing the International Market: Trade, Multinational Corporations, and Social and Economic Rights.". In: International Law and Politics Symposium on Social and Economic Rights and Development. New York; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1998) Informal Cross-border Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa: Methodological Approaches and Preliminary Results. In Asiwaju, A. I. and M. de Leeuw (Editors): Border Region Development in Africa: Focus on eastern and southern Sub-Reg.". In: Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Eritrean cereals markets, held in Asmara, 23rd July 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1998.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and S. G. Mbogoh (1991). Environmental Change and Dryland Management in Machakos District, Kenya 1930-90. ODI Working Paper No 55, Edited by M. Tiffen.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1991.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1982). "A Test of the Nutrient Non-Substitution Hypothesis in Crop Response and Fertilizer Carry-over Analysis". University of California, Davis. Ph.D. Dissertation that received the award for being one of the top ten dissertations prod.". In: Ph.D. Dissertation that received the award for being one of the top ten dissertations produced in Canada and USA for the year 1982. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1982.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Echessah P. and C. Ackello-Ogutu, Editors (2002). Opportunities and Challenges of Intra-regional Trade in East and Southern Africa. Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Eritrean cereals markets, held in Asmara, 23rd July 2002.". In: Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Eritrean cereals markets, held in Asmara, 23rd July 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Otieno, L, C. Ackello-Ogutu, G. Mullins and L. Reynolds (1993). Evaluation of Small Ruminant Marketing in Coastal Kenya. Paper Presented at XI SR CRSP Workshop 3 - 4 March, Nairobi.". In: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Kenya Commercial Bank, Nairobi, Kenya, May 18 - 20, 1994. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1993.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2002). Targeting Agricultural Research for Development in Semi-Arid Tropics of Sub-Sahara Africa. Report by Workshop Facilitator for ICRISAT/Nairobi.". In: Report by Workshop Facilitator for ICRISAT/Nairobi. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Mwambazi, E. and C. Ackello-Ogutu (1996). Women's Access to Land, Security of Tenure and Agricultural Productivity: A Case Study of Monze District, Zambia, in Mukhebi, A. et al (Eds.) Agricultural Policies and Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa:.". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996. USAID, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1994.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C., Q. Paris and W. A. Williams (1985). "Nutrient Non-Substitution in Crop Response. A Non -Nested Hypothesis Test". Working Paper No. 85-4, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California, Davis.". In: A Non -Nested Hypothesis Test". Working Paper No. 85-4, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California, Davis. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1985.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2003). Policy Influence by Selected Natural Resource Management Projects of the East and Central Africa Program for Agricultural Policy Analysis (ECAPAPA). Project Evaluation Case Study of IDRC funded projects in East Africa. Report to .". In: Project Evaluation Case Study of IDRC funded projects in East Africa. Report to IDRC/Ottawa. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2003.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1996). Methodologies for estimating Informal Cross-Border trade in Eastern and Southern Africa. USAID SD Publication Series, Technical Paper # 29.". In: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Seriers, Technical Paper No. 59. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1996.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Chabari, F.N., A. C. Ackello-Ogutu and M.O. Odhiambo (1988). Factors Determining Market Prices of Small Ruminants from a Pastoral Production System in Kenya. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, Vol 52, No.4.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1988.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2004). Markets to raise incomes for Poor Farmers in Africa, Abstracts of Workshop Papers. Rockefeller Foundation, Food Security Division.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2004.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah (1997). Unrecorded Trade between Kenya and Uganda: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Seriers, Technical Paper No. 59.". In: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Seriers, Technical Paper No. 59. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1997.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Tiffen, M., Mortimore and A. C. Ackello-Ogutu (1993). From Agro-Pastoralism to Mixed Farming: The Evolution of Farming Systems in Machakos, Kenya, 1930 - 1990. ODI Network Paper No 45.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1990.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2007). FAO-Kenya Government National Medium Term Priority Framework(NMTPF). FAO/Kenya.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2007.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah (1998). Unrecorded Trade between Tanzania and her Neighbors: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Series Technical Paper No. 89.". In: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Series Technical Paper No. 89. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1998.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1991). Livestock Production Profile in Environmental Change and Dryland Management in Machakos District, Kenya 1930 - 1990, M. Tiffen (Editor), ODI/University of Nairobi.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1991.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1976). "The Marketing of Poultry Meat and Eggs in Nairobi". Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nairobi. Unpub. M.Sc.Thesis.". In: Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nairobi. Unpub. M.Sc.Thesis. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1976.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1999). Constraints and Future Prospects in Marketing of Agricultural Commodities within the East African Community. Paper presented at a Ministerial Seminar on the East African Cooperation; Arusha, March 25 - 26, 1999.". In: Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Eritrean cereals markets, held in Asmara, 23rd July 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1999.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Seckler, D. (Editor) 1993. Agricultural Transformation in Africa: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1993.
Akello MO, Nzuve F, Olubayo F, Macharia G, Muthomi J. "Identification of Resistance Sources to Wheat Stem Rust from Introduced Genotypes in Kenya." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2017;9(2):73-87.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah, N Mwania and T. Oketch, Editors (2002). Opportunities and Challenges of Intra-regional Trade in East and Southern Africa. Proceedings of a forum on Agribusiness Development and regional integration in Malawi held at Capi.". In: Proceedings of a forum on Agribusiness Development and regional integration in Malawi held at Capital Hotel Lilongwe, Malawi 16th April 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and W. Mwangi (1994). Training of Agricultural Economists in Eastern and Southern Africa, in Peters, G. H. and Douglas D. Hedley (Editors), Agricultural Competitiveness: Market Forces and Policy Choice, Proceedings of XXII International .". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996. USAID, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1994.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. The need for a new approach to fertilizer use and Food Production in the Less Developed Countries. Contributed Paper IAAE Occasional Paper No.4. Agriculture and Economic Instability, IAAE Conference, Malaga, Spain, 26th August - 4th Sept.". In: Contributed Paper IAAE Occasional Paper No.4. Agriculture and Economic Instability, IAAE Conference, Malaga, Spain, 26th August - 4th September,1985. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1985.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Freeman, H. A.; D. D. Rohrbach and C. Ackello-Ogutu .". In: Proceedings of a Workshop, 1-3 July 2002, ICRISAT Nairobi, Kenya. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah (1996). Informal Cross-border Trade between Kenya and Uganda: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996. USAID, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper.". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996. USAID, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1996.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, A. C. (Editor),Kenya's Rural Research Priorities: Proceedings of a Seminar held at Naivasha. University of Nairobi. Institute for Development Studies (IDS), Occasional Paper No.53.". In: Proceedings of a Seminar held at Naivasha 28-30 April, 1988. University of Nairobi. Institute for Development Studies (IDS), Occasional Paper No.53. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1988.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2004). Review of Research on Agriculture and Rural Development in Kenya over the past five years. World Bank/Kenya.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2004.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1997). Regional Cooperation and Trade in the Greater Horn of Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop held at the Kenya Commercial Bank Institute, Nairobi, February 18-19 1997. Publication of the Technical Advisory Committee of the African Rur.". In: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Seriers, Technical Paper No. 59. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1997.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and John J. Waelti (1990). Basic Concepts of Microeconomics with Special Reference to Kenya. University of Nairobi Press, Nairobi.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1990.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2005). Kenya.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2005.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Macamo, J. L.; Ackello-Ogutu, C.; and P. Echessah - Editors (1998). Unrecorded Trade between Mozambique and her Neighbors: Proceedings of a Workshop held in Maputo, November, 1997. USAID SD Publication Series Technical Paper.". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held in Maputo, November, 1997. USAID SD Publication Series Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1998.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, A.C., J. M. Bahemuka and E. N. Mwaura (1990). Reducing Post-Harvest Losses: Perceptions of Farmers and Extension Workers in Kenya. Discovery and Innovation Journal of the African Academy of Sciences (Volume 2 Number 1 pp.36-39.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1990.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (2008). Supply and Demand for Major Agricultural Commodities in the COMESA Region. COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2008.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1999). Trade in agricultural Commodities in eastern and Southern Africa: Policy Options for Malawi. Paper presented at a Seminar on Trade Liberalization and Regional Integration in southern Africa; Rural Policy Research Center/Malawi In.". In: Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Eritrean cereals markets, held in Asmara, 23rd July 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1999.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and NATURA/NECTAR (1992). Diffusion and Adoption of Technology, in Agricultural Research and Development Towards Sustainable Production Systems. University of Reading. NATURA/NECTAR Teaching Modules.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1992.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Mwania, N. and C. Ackello-Ogutu, Editors (2002). Opportunities and Challenges of Intra-regional Trade in East and Southern Africa. Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Ethiopian cereals markets held in Addis Ababa, 19th July 2002.". In: Proceedings of a forum on regional integration of Ethiopian cereals markets held in Addis Ababa, 19th July 2002. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Mukhebi, A.W., C. Ackello-Ogutu, W. Nguyo, R. Hassan and W. Oluoch-Kosura (Editors) 1996. Agricultural Policies and Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Kenya Commercial Bank, Nairobi, Kenya, May 18 - 20, 19.". In: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Kenya Commercial Bank, Nairobi, Kenya, May 18 - 20, 1994. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1994.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C., Q. Paris, William A. Williams (1985). Testing a Von Liebig Crop Response Function against Polynomial Specifications. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 67 No.4.". In: Testing a Von Liebig Crop Response Function against Polynomial Specifications. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 67 No.4. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1985.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah, N Mwania and T. Oketch, Editors (2002). Opportunities and Challenges of Intra-regional Trade in East and Southern Africa. Proceedings of a Regional Workshop held in Zanzibar December 6-8 2001. RTAA/Technoserve, USAID RED.". In: Proceedings of a Regional Workshop held in Zanzibar December 6-8 2001. RTAA/Technoserve, USAID REDSO/ESA, Nairobi. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2002.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Nyikal, R. and C. Ackello-Ogutu (1996). An Evaluation of Institutional Credit and its Role in Agricultural Production in Kenya, in Mukhebi, A. et al (Eds.) Agricultural Policies and Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa: Proceedings of a Syposium h.". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996. USAID, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1994.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Kere, P. A., W. M. Mwangi and C. Ackello-Ogutu (1986). The Supply Responsiveness of Wheat Farmers in Kenya. Eastern Africa Economic Review Vol.2 No.2.". In: Proceedings of a Seminar held at Naivasha 28-30 April, 1988. University of Nairobi. Institute for Development Studies (IDS), Occasional Paper No.53. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1986.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and Echessah, P. (2003). Changing Comparative Advantage and Regional Trade in the Greater Horn of Africa: Implications for Food Security. REMPAI Technical Paper.". In: Implications for Food Security. REMPAI Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2003.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Wachira, K., C. Ackello-Ogutu and S. Stall (1996). Economic Analysis of Technology Adoption in Dairy Production in Kenya; in Proceedings of the Scientific Conference held in Nairobi, 1997.". In: Implications for Food Security. USAID SD Publication Seriers, Technical Paper No. 59. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1996.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, A. C. (1989). Extension Services and Appropriate Farming Technologies for Women in the Dryland Areas of Kenya. European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE) Conference, Montpellier, France May 29 - June 2, 1989.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1989.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Afework Aklilu, L. Eturu; and C. Ackello-Ogutu, (2005). Evaluation of AfDB Bank Group Assistance Strategy for the Agriculture and Rural Development Sector of Kenya. August, AfDB/Tunis. July.". In: COMESA Secretariat, Lusaka, Zambia; November. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2005.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. and P. Echessah (1997). Informal Cross-border Trade in east Africa: Implications for Food Security in Ackello-Ogutu, C. (Editor) - - Regional Cooperation and Trade in the Greater Horn of Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop held at the Keny.". In: Proceedings of a Workshop held in Maputo, November, 1997. USAID SD Publication Series Technical Paper. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1997.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, A. C. (1990). The Farming Systems Approach to Research and Extension (FSA/RE): Model and Training Requirements. National Workshop on Farming Systems Approach to Research, Extension and Training, March 5-7 1990.". In: A Round Table Discussion with Ackello-Ogutu et al. EPAT/Winrock International. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1990.
AKELO EO, NYAMWANGE SO. "Inventory Management by Simulation Analysis.". In: Paper presented at the 4TH International Operations Research Society of Eastern Africa (ORSEA) Conference, 2008 on . Erick Onyango Odada; 2008. Abstract

This paper presents the findings of a study that explored the use of Monte Carlo simulation method to optimally manage inventory in the water equipment industry. The study treated both demand and lead time as stochastic. It proposes an inventory model that will minimize the total inventory costs through simulation analysis while demonstrating how simulation technique can be effectively used to solve inventory management problems

Akelo PA, E.S A, S. O. "Girl Child prostitution in the Context of HIV/AIDS among the Youth in Kisumu City, Kenya." Nursing Journal . 2007;36(2):14-19.
Akendo I.C.O., Gumbe LO, Gitau AN. "Dewatering and drying characteristics of water hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes) petiole. Part II: Drying characteristics. ." Agricultural engineering international the CIGR E-journal. 2008;X (Manuscript FP 07033.).
Akendo I.C.O., Gumbe LO, Gitau AN. "Dewatering and drying characteristics of water hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes) petiole. Part I: Dewatering characteristics. ." Agricultural engineering international the CIGR E-journal.. 2008;X(Manuscript FP 070).
Aketch ON, Lee L, Chou J, Huang S, Chang S, Wu Y, et al. "Analyses of the ISUAL Dancing Sprites and Secondary Sprites." American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013. 2013. AbstractFull Text

From July 2004 to May 2012, about 1,700 sprites were recorded by ISUAL (Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning). Most of them were singly occurring sprites that were not followed by other sprites; while about 7% of them were multi-sprites, which typically start with a sprite and then followed by another sprite that showed a spatial displacement relative to the preceding sprites. Almost all of these events show horizontal shifts between the preceding sprites and the follow-up ones, which previously have been called the dancing sprites. In contrast to the majority cases of dancing sprites with horizontal displacements, three follow-up sprites were found to exhibit a vertical displacement relative to the preceding sprites, which are termed as the secondary sprites in in this report. These three secondary sprites exhibit similar occurring sequences and characteristics; with the preceding clustering sprite spanning the altitudes of ~60-85 km, and then 30 ms or more later, a secondary sprite appears at ~40-65 km altitudes and seems to be connected to the dimming channels of the preceding sprite. From analyzing the spectral and the ULF data, possible generating mechanisms for dancing sprites and secondary sprites are proposed in this report. Several researches [Lyons, 1994; Lyons, 1996; Lu et al., 2012] had indicated that the successive sprite production in the dancing sprites aligned with the lateral leader propagation direction of lightning. We consider that the successively occurring dancing sprites and the secondary sprites are related to the extending leaders of the cloud-to-ground lightning, which are often followed by a continuing current or even a second stroke. The dancing sprites may be induced by the subsequent leaders in the cloud extending mainly in the horizontal direction, while the secondary sprites may be triggered by the leaders extending primarily in the vertical direction. In addition, a numerical quasi-electrostatic (QE) field model is developed with the aim to validate the occurring scenario of the secondary sprites. Based on the information inferred from the associate ULF data of a secondary sprite, salient parameters, including the charge, the charge height, and the discharging time constant, are estimated and used in the QE model calculations. Through performing QE modeling with the ULF inferred parameters, we find that the electric field in the region below the preceding sprites could be enhanced by the continuing current.

Aketch ON, Lee H, Fischer TP, Ranka LS, Onguso B, Kanda I, et al. "Gas Geochemistry of Volcanic and Geothermal Areas in the Kenya Rift: Implications for the Role of Fluids in Continental Rifting." American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013. 2013. AbstractFull Text

The East African Rift (EAR) is an active continental rift and ideal to investigate the processes of rift initiation and the breaking apart of continental lithosphere. Mantle and crust-derived fluids may play a pivotal role in both magmatism and faulting in the EAR. For instance, large quantities of mantle-derived volatiles are emitted at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano [1, 2]. Throughout the EAR, CO2-dominated volatile fluxes are prevalent [3, 4] and often associated with faults (i.e. Rungwe area, Tanzania, [5, 6]). The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between volcanism, faulting and the volatile compositions, focusing on the central and southern Kenyan and northern Tanzanian section of the EAR. We report our analysis results for samples obtained during a 2013 field season in Kenya. Gases were sampled at fumaroles and geothermal plants in caldera volcanoes (T=83.1-120.2°C) and springs (T=40-79.6°C and pH 8.5-10) located near volcanoes, intra-rift faults, and a transverse fault (the Kordjya fault, a key fluid source in the Magadi rift) by 4N-NaOH solution-filled and empty Giggenbach bottles. Headspace gases were analyzed by a Gas Chromatograph and a Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer at the University of New Mexico. Both N2/Ar and N2/He ratios of all gases (35.38-205.31 and 142.92-564,272, respectively) range between air saturated water (ASW, 40 and ≥150,000) and MORB (100-200 and 40-50). In addition, an N2-Ar-He ternary diagram supports that the gases are produced by two component (mantle and air) mixing. Gases in the empty bottles from volcanoes and springs have N2 (90.88-895.99 mmom/mol), CO2 (2.47-681.21 mmom/mol), CH4 (0-214.78 mmom/mol), O2 (4.47-131.12 mmom/mol), H2 (0-35.78 mmom/mol), Ar (0.15-10.65 mmom/mol), He (0-2.21 mmom/mol), and CO (0-0.08 mmom/mol). Although some of the samples show an atmospheric component, CO2 is a major component in most samples, indicating both volcanoes and springs are emitting CO2. Gases from volcanoes are enriched in CH4 and H2, denoting their sources are reduced (oxygen-poor) magma chambers or hydrothermal systems. 40Ar/36Ar ratios (average of all samples=299.15) are similar to our air standard value (299.65×4.05), however, some volcanoes (~308.75) and springs (~321.96) have slightly higher ratios. The springs with elevated 40Ar imply that both the intra-rift (Lake Bogoria) and transverse (Lake Magadi) faults are possibly pathways to carry volatiles from deep sources to the surface. In future work, we will carry out wet chemistry and ion chromatography analyses of the NaOH solutions, measure 3He/4He ratios and complete C, N, and S isotope analyses to further constrain fluid sources and migration processes. [1] Fischer et al., 2009, Nature 459. [2] de Moor et al., 2013, EPSL 361. [3] Sawyer et al., 2008, G-cubed 9. [4] Tassi et al., 2009, G-cubed 10. [5] Barry et al., 2013, Chem Geol 339. [6] de Moor et al., 2013, Chem Geol 339.

Aketch NO, Masibo M, Olago DO. Mineral, Oil and Gas Resources: A natural Outlook-Geoenvironmental Resources and Hazards..; 2013. Abstract

The mineral, oil and gas sectors have not played an important role in the economy of Kenya in the past, but the recent discovery of mineral sands and rare earth elements at the coast and oil in the Lokichar Basin in the northern part of the country are proving to be game changers in the mining, oil and gas sectors. The most important minerals mined in the past have been mainly industrial minerals with soda ash and fluorspar being the most important products. Significant tonnage of gold was mined in western parts of Kenya, but currently only minor exploration and production from the old mine sites is taking place. However, with the increased interest and the government resolve to improve mineral exploration, new mineral finds are possible. Exploration for oil and gas has been taking place in Kenya since the 1950s, but it is only recently that significant oil finds have been reported. The findings have inspired several companies to explore for oil and gas within all the major sedimentary basins in Kenya, namely, the Lokichar Basin, Turkana Basin, the Kerio and Baringo Basin, the Anza Basin, and the Lamu Basin.

Akhusama PM, Moturi CA. "Cloud Computing Adoption in Insurance Companies in Kenya." American Journal of Information Systems,. 2016;4(1):11-16. AbstractWebsite

Cloud Computing allows companies to access ICT-based services (infrastructure, applications, platforms and business processes) via the Internet. Cloud Computing is still at the infancy stage in Africa. Studies have indicated a lack of cloud based awareness, even among big organizations in Africa. Kenya just like any other African market is yet to fully adopt cloud based systems due to trust and security concerns. This study aimed at identifying the extent and characteristics of Cloud Computing adoption in insurance companies in Kenya. The study assessed Cloud Computing uses in terms of productivity applications, business applications (CRM, SaaS), infrastructure on-demand (storage, network, and server), finance applications, core business application, databases and desktop. The adoption of the Cloud Computing services in insurance companies was relatively low. The results obtained would assist in providing a roadmap for the best practices to improve Cloud Computing services in the insurance industry in Kenya.

Akidah, Abdinur. "Form 2 Arabic Course Book."; 2008.
Akimanya A, Midiwo JO, Matasyoh J, Okanga F, Masila VM, Walker L, Tekwani BL, Muhammad I, Omosa LK. "Two polymethoxylated flavonoids with antioxidant activities and a rearranged clerodane diterpenoid from the leaf exudates of Microglossa pyrifolia." Phytochemistry Letters. 2015;11:183-187.akimanya_et_al.pdf
Akinkunle O, Stefan J, Ndetei D, Musau A, Mutiso V, Mudenge C, Ngirababyeyi A, Gasovia A, Mamah D. " A comparative study of psychotic and effective symptoms in Rwandan and Kenyan students.". 2016.
Akintayo RO, Akpabio AA, Kalla AA, Dey D, Migowa AN, Olaosebikan H, Bahiri R, Miedany YE, Hadef D, Oyoo O. "TheimpactofCOVID-19onrheumatologypractice acrossAfrica." Af r ic a n J o u r n a l o f R h e u mat o l o g y. 2021;9(1):1-6. Abstractthe_impact_of_covid-19_on_rheumatology_practice.pdf

Objectives. To identify the changes in rheumatology service delivery across the five regions of Africa from the
impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods. The COVID-19 African Rheumatology Study Group created an online survey consisting of 40 questions
relating to the current practices and experiences of rheumatologists across Africa. The CHERRIES checklist for
reporting results of internet e-surveys was adhered to.
Results. A total of 554 completed responses were received from 20 countries, which include six in Northern
Africa, six in West Africa, four in Southern Africa, three in East Africa and one in Central Africa. Consultant grade
rheumatologists constituted 436 (78.7%) of respondents with a mean of 14.56 10.3 years of experience. A total of
77 (13.9%) rheumatologists avoided starting a new biologic. Face-to-face clinics with the use of some personal
protective equipment continued to be held in only 293 (52.9%) rheumatologists’ practices. Teleconsultation modalities
found usage as follows: telephone in 335 (60.5%), WhatsApp in 241 (43.5%), emails in 90 (16.3%) and video
calls in 53 (9.6%). Physical examinations were mostly reduced in 295 (53.3%) or done with personal protective
equipment in 128 (23.1%) practices. Only 316 (57.0%) reported that the national rheumatology society in their
country had produced any recommendation around COVID-19 while only 73 (13.2%) confirmed the availability of a
national rheumatology COVID-19 registry in their country.
Conclusion. COVID-19 has shifted daily rheumatology practices across Africa to more virtual consultations and
regional disparities are more apparent in the availability of local protocols and registries.
Key words: COVID-19, Africa, rheumatology, DMARD, rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, telem

Akinyemi R, Sarfo F, Abd-Allah F, Ogun Y, Ogeng'o J. "Conceptual framework for establishing the African Stroke Organization .". 2020. AbstractWebsite

Abstract

Africa is the world's most genetically diverse, second largest, and second most populous continent, with over one billion people distributed across 54 countries. With a 23% lifetime risk of stroke, Africa has some of the highest rates of stroke worldwide and many occur in the prime of life with huge economic losses and grave implications for the individual, family, and the society in terms of mental capital, productivity, and socioeconomic progress. Tackling the escalating burden of stroke in Africa requires prioritized, multipronged, and inter-sectoral strategies tailored to the unique African epidemiological, cultural, socioeconomic, and lifestyle landscape. The African Stroke Organization (ASO) is a new pan-African coalition that brings together stroke researchers, clinicians, and other health-care professionals with participation of national and regional stroke societies and stroke support organizations. With a vision to reduce the rapidly increasing burden of stroke in Africa, the ASO has a four-pronged focus on (1) research, (2) capacity building, (3) development of stroke services, and (4) collaboration with all stakeholders. This will be delivered through advocacy, awareness, and empowerment initiatives to bring about people-focused changes in policy, clinical practice, and public education. In the spirit of the African philosophy of Ubuntu "I am because we are," the ASO will harness the power of diversity, inclusiveness, togetherness, and team work to build a strong, enduring, and impactful platform for tackling stroke in Africa.

Akinyeye R, Michira I, Botha S, Baker P, Iwuoha E. "Electrocatalytic Sensor Applications of Nanostructured Polypyrolles and Polythiophenes.". In: Recent advances in Electroanalytical chemistry. Vol. T.C. 37/661(2), Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, kerala, India. Keralala, India: Transworld Network; 2007:.
Akinyi 10. OJ, Sigana DAO, Wang’ondu V, Wambiji N, Ong’anda H, Orembo B. "Length-weight relationship of selected teleost fishes from Kilifi County, Kenya." WIO Journal of Marine Science. 2018; 17 (1):125-135.
AKINYI DRDWASIJANE. "Jane A. Dwasi, Regulation of Pesticides in Developing Countries, The Environmental Law Reporter, Volume XXXII, Number 1, January.". In: African Journal of Business & Management (AJBUMA). AIBUMA Publishing; 2002. Abstract
The decision to pay out earnings or retain dividends has been a subject of debate for many scholars. The effect of dividend on the firm value and cost of capital have been covered in attempt to resolve the dividend puzzle. This research paper tests the applicability of constant dividend model by companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Data was collected from annual reports and share price schedules obtained from Nairobi stock exchange and Capital market Authority for a population of 20 companies that paid dividends consistently from 2002 to 2008. The data was then analyzed by re-computing the dividends that should have been paid if the dividend constant model was applied. This recomputed figure was later compared to the dividend as paid out by the companies thought the years of study. Paired sample t-test statistic was also performed to determine whether there is a significant difference between the two dividend figures. The findings of the research established that the dividend model was not employed by the companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Most firms instead adopted stable and predictable policy where a specific amount of dividend per share each year was paid periodically. In some years there was a slight adjustment of the dividend paid after an increase in earnings, but only by a sustainable amount. The study shows that the relationship between the stock market prices and the dividend paid from the constant dividend model is uneven from one year to another and where there was a relationship it was insignificant. Though a share would be highly priced, a high dividend per share was not always declared.
Akinyi J, Mwaniki A, Gichamba A, Kariuki D, Chand P, Munene S, Nyakinyua C, Nzangi B, Akinyi V, Betsy M, Cosmas K, Mwangi M. "NanoSatellite Platform for the University of Nairobi (NaSPUoN) Student Project.". In: 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC). Dubai, United Arab Emirates (presented online); 2021.
AKINYI DRDWASIJANE. "Jane A. Dwasi, et al, Women and the Criminal Justice System in Kenya, Kenya Law Reform Commission,.". In: African Journal of Business & Management (AJBUMA). AIBUMA Publishing; 1992. Abstract
The decision to pay out earnings or retain dividends has been a subject of debate for many scholars. The effect of dividend on the firm value and cost of capital have been covered in attempt to resolve the dividend puzzle. This research paper tests the applicability of constant dividend model by companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Data was collected from annual reports and share price schedules obtained from Nairobi stock exchange and Capital market Authority for a population of 20 companies that paid dividends consistently from 2002 to 2008. The data was then analyzed by re-computing the dividends that should have been paid if the dividend constant model was applied. This recomputed figure was later compared to the dividend as paid out by the companies thought the years of study. Paired sample t-test statistic was also performed to determine whether there is a significant difference between the two dividend figures. The findings of the research established that the dividend model was not employed by the companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Most firms instead adopted stable and predictable policy where a specific amount of dividend per share each year was paid periodically. In some years there was a slight adjustment of the dividend paid after an increase in earnings, but only by a sustainable amount. The study shows that the relationship between the stock market prices and the dividend paid from the constant dividend model is uneven from one year to another and where there was a relationship it was insignificant. Though a share would be highly priced, a high dividend per share was not always declared.
AKINYI DRDWASIJANE. "Jane Dwasi and Judy Oglethorpe, HIV/AIDS and Ecoregion Conservation (Island Press.". In: African Journal of Business & Management (AJBUMA). AIBUMA Publishing; 2004. Abstract
The decision to pay out earnings or retain dividends has been a subject of debate for many scholars. The effect of dividend on the firm value and cost of capital have been covered in attempt to resolve the dividend puzzle. This research paper tests the applicability of constant dividend model by companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Data was collected from annual reports and share price schedules obtained from Nairobi stock exchange and Capital market Authority for a population of 20 companies that paid dividends consistently from 2002 to 2008. The data was then analyzed by re-computing the dividends that should have been paid if the dividend constant model was applied. This recomputed figure was later compared to the dividend as paid out by the companies thought the years of study. Paired sample t-test statistic was also performed to determine whether there is a significant difference between the two dividend figures. The findings of the research established that the dividend model was not employed by the companies listed at the Nairobi stock exchange. Most firms instead adopted stable and predictable policy where a specific amount of dividend per share each year was paid periodically. In some years there was a slight adjustment of the dividend paid after an increase in earnings, but only by a sustainable amount. The study shows that the relationship between the stock market prices and the dividend paid from the constant dividend model is uneven from one year to another and where there was a relationship it was insignificant. Though a share would be highly priced, a high dividend per share was not always declared.
Akpata, D.O. G& ER. "Social Economic status of secondary schools interscholastic athletes in Nairobi province, Kenya." Journal of International Council for Physical Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance . 2002;353(2):28-30.
Akuku B, Oboko R, Waema TM, Brown I. "Knowledge management strategies adopted in agricultural research organizations in East Africa." journals.sagepub.com. 2020. AbstractWebsite

In previous studies, Knowledge Management (KM) strategies have been examined as objects of organizations, instead of scrutinizing their characteristics or relative quality and content. This study aims to examine the key characteristics of KM strategies in Agricultural Research Organizations (AROs) in East Africa in terms of what exists, what does not exist and why. To comprehensively answer the research questions and understand the phenomena under investigation the study adopted a pragmatism paradigm to allow facts and concerns to arise from the context. Qualitative and quantitative methods were employed using semi-structured Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and a questionnaire respectively. A novel empirical description and explanation of the key characteristics of KM strategies in AROs in East Africa is presented. The study identifies the key concepts and gaps in the characteristics of KM strategies and elucidates what AROs in East Africa should do differently to coherently formulate and execute KM strategies in practice. The main characteristics of KM strategies in AROs in East Africa are practicability, technology-focus, alignment, implementation processes and relevance. Through abstraction and theorization of the key concepts, a detailed description and explanation as a reference for scholars and practitioners in the KM field is provided. Further, the study highlights context as an important and relevant perspective in particularizing the characteristics of a KM strategy and interpretation of related empirical findings. Future studies can use the concepts presented in this study to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the characteristics of KM strategies in organizations. The idea of linking the study outcome to an empirical situation is a novel contribution. The findings of this study shed new insights that confirm that understanding characteristics of KM strategies is beneficial to practitioners and scholars.

Keywords agricultural research organizations, characteristics, East Africa, knowledge management, KM strategies

AKUKU DROKOTHPATRICK. "Okoth PA.Neurological manifestations following partial excision in spinal meningioma: case report. East Afr Med J. 2007 Jan;84(1):44-8.". In: East Afr Med J. 2007 Jan;84(1):44-8. East African Medical Journal; 2007. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
Akuku B, Oboko R, Waema TM. "Institutionalization of knowledge management strategies in agricultural research organizations: a systematic literature review." Knowledge Management for Development Journal. 2020; Vol. 15 No. 1 (2020):. Abstract

Keywords: Knowledge Management, Knowledge Management Strategy, Institutionalization, Adoption, Implementation, Entrenchment, process, practice, influencing factors
Abstract
In recent years Knowledge Management (KM) has emerged as a significant field for research and practitioners in Information Systems (IS) domain. Despite the rapid growth in literature, the concept of institutionalization of KM strategies in organizations is understudied. Consistent with a “practice turn” emphasis in recent literature in IS strategy-related studies, this study examines the body of knowledge on institutionalization of KM strategies in Agricultural Research organizations (AROs). A complimentary approach combining systematic and hermeneutics literature review methods is used to search, select, analyze extant literature and presentation of study results. While studies have expanded neo-institutional theory and recommends linking process analysis to context with a specific focus on organizational level analysis, the concepts are not used in extant literature. Similarly, a comparative analysis studies or a framework to compare similar or different contexts with regard to institutionalization processes or practices of KM strategies is not found in extant literature. A conclusion is drawn that micro-processes analysis of institutionalization of KM strategies at organizational level in practice are not adequately explored. To date it is not known how KM strategies are adopted, implemented and entrenched in organizations including what processes takes place in day-to-day activities, yet literature continues to report that AROs are facing difficulties this area.

AKUKU DROKOTHPATRICK. "Changing pattern of intracranial lesions.". In: East Afr Med J. 2000 Jan;77(1):1-3. East African Medical Journal; 2000. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Development of Parametric Numbers in Filter-bed Flocculation.". In: JKUAT Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 7,. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; 2002. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM, B DRSINGHCHANDRA. "Upflow Filters in Direct Filtration of High Turbidity Waters; Aqua Fennica, Vol 17, No. 1,.". In: International Journal of Biochemiphysics, Vol. 5 (Nos 1& 2). Materials Research Society; 1987. Abstract
1. Singh C. B.  .  August . .
AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Pollution Profile of Thika River.". In: Proceedings of 17th WEDC International Conference on Infrastructure, Environment, Water and People. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; Submitted. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM, K. MRNGARISAMUEL. ""Application of Ground Charcoal in the Removal of Organic Matter in Water Treatment". East African Journal of Engineering.". In: East African Journal of Engineering. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; Submitted. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM, K. MRNGARISAMUEL. ""Application of Ground Charcoal in the Removal of Organic Matter in Water Treatment". East African Journal of Engineering.". In: East African Journal of Engineering. IBIMA Publishing; Submitted. Abstract
Joint exhibition of paintings and sculptures
AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Selection of Drifts or Bridges in Semi-Desert Areas of Flash Floods;.". In: M.Sc. Thesis, Tampere University of Technology,Finland. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; 1981. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Computer Simulation of Orthokinetic Flocculation in a Filterbed.". In: JKUAT Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 7,. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; 2002. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Performance of Crushed Coconut Shell Dual Media Filter Paper.". In: Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice (under review awaiting publication). Prof. James Otieno-Odek; 2004. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Upflow Filters in Flocculation and Direct Filtration of Waters of High Turbidity; Ph.D. Thesis,.". In: Tampere University of Technology, Finland,. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; Submitted. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "River Pollution profile: A case Study of Thika River. Proceedings of National Seminar on Technological Solutions for Economic Development in Kenya now and in the 21st Century,.". In: Canadian and International Education Journal. VOL: 19, No:1'1990. Prof. James Otieno-Odek; Submitted. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

AKUMU PROFODIRAPATTSM. "Anaerobic Treatability of Sugarcane Mill Wastewater.". In: Paper submitted to Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice JCERP (under review awaiting publication). Prof. James Otieno-Odek; 2004. Abstract

This paper reports the detailed results of a study of the impact of the Health Workers for Change (HWFC) workshop series on clients' perceptions of health services, relationships within the health centre and relations between the health facility and the district health system. The study was carried out in three stages: baseline, intervention and evaluation over a period of 20 months. Data, both qualitative and quantitative, were collected at three levels: client, facility and system. Results indicate that relations between health workers and clients improved a great deal after the intervention while those between the facility and the system remained to a large extent unchanged. The paper concludes that, with external support and help, especially from the health system level, health workers can work towards improving health services and their job satisfaction, which can lead to better health worker-client relations.

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