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Kogi-Makau W, Opiyo R. Somali Knowledge Attitude and Practices Study (KAPS) - Infant and Young Child Feeding and Health Seeking Practices. Nairobi: Food Security Analysis Unit(FSAU)/FAO; 2007.
K'Oyugi BO, Mati J, Maina N. Mid-Term Review of the 6th GOK/UNFPA Country Programme 2004-2008. Nairobi: UNFPA Kenya Country Office; 2007.
W K, L O. Management Structures and Processes of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) in Selected Districts. Nairobi: Collaborative Centre for Gender and Development ; 2007.
Nyangwara KM, Kirigua V, Kaburu P, Mugo P, Macharia JM, Onyatta JO, Antipa R, S M. Research Information services for Urban Agriculture and Environment in Cities of Kenya: “Empowering through knowledge sharing”.. Nairobi: International Development Research Centre (IDRC); 2007.
Murithi, E. M, K. Nyangwara, Onyatta JO, Kirigua V, Kaburu PK, Macharia JM. Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture: Towards a better understanding of low-income producers’ organizations: Nairobi Case Study.. Nairobi: FAO; 2007.
Kiplagat S. Climate Change in the Kenyan Context: Description, impact an way forward. Nairobi: Tegemeo Institute; 2007.
Njeru G. Political Patronage, Access to Entitlements and Poverty in Kenya. . Nairobi: Kenya Episcopal Conference- Catholic Justice and Peace Commission and Dan Church Aid. ; 2007.
"Michuki G", "Lay J", "Mohamud T". “Boda-boda’s Rule: Non-agricultural Activities and their Poverty and Inequality Implications in Western Kenya”?. Hamburg, Germany: German Institute for Global and Area Studies; 2007.wp48_lay-etal.pdf
I.O JUMBA, P.W WANGUI, R MADAD, G.A WAFULA, TONGA, C MIRIKAU, R SHIKUKU. KENYA NATIONAL INVENTORY OF PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (POPs) UNDER THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION. GEF/UNEP/GoK - PART IV: Identification And Quantification of dioxins and Furans releases in Kenya.. NAIROBI: United Nation Enviroment programme (UNEP),Nairobi; 2006. Abstracttable_tl.docfor_ferrous_and_non_ferrous_category.doc

SUMMARY
The total Dioxins (PCDD) and Furans (PCDF) release in Kenya is estimated to be 4,740 g TEQ per annum. The Uncontrolled Combustion Processes category generates 4,304 g TEQ which is the highest of all the categories that were identified, amounting to 91% of the total national release. Waste Incineration generated 249.4 g TEQ equivalent to 5% of the total national release, while Disposal/Landfilhng category has a notable contribution of 106 g TEQ which amounts to 2% of the total national release. Ferrous and non ferrous metal production contributes 12.8 g TEQ which is equivalent to 0.3% of the total national release. Releases from the remaining categories are not significant when compared to the ones already mentioned. However, this does not in anyway underrate their importance, especially in instances where total elimination by application of Best Available Technologies (BAT) and Best Environmental Practices (BEP) can be achieved. These results are summarised in Table Tl and Figures Fl and F2.
Uncontrolled domestic waste burning, a subcategory under the Uncontrolled Combustion Processes category, is the single most significant source of PCDD/PCDF. It generates 2168 g TEQ, which is equivalent to 45.7% of the total national releases. Landfill fires sub category is the second significant source of release, contributing 2126.3g TEQ which is equivalent to 44.8% of the total national release.
With regards to vectors, air receives the bulk of the PCDD/PCDF amounting to 3,103 g TEQ which is equivalent to 66% of the total national release. The bulk of this release comes from the Uncontrolled Combustion Processes, amounting to 2854g TEQ, which is equivalent to 92% of the total national release to air. Release to residues amounts to 1,614 g TEQ which is approximately 34% of the total national release, with the main contributor to this being Uncontrolled Combustion Processes, These results are summarised in Figure F2.
Uncontrolled Combustion Processes category therefore requires significant attention because of the great impact it may have in the country. Policies to govern the management of solid waste are necessary and would go along way in minimizing this impact. Similar efforts to address medical waste would also have a significant impact on the releases in the country. The release of PCDD/PCDF to water also needs to be addressed seriously considering the fact that a significant percentage of the country's population relies on surface water for domestic use.
There are no municipal waste incinerators in Kenya but there are isolated hazardous waste incinerators. However, the inventory has established that the medical waste accounts for the bulk of releases for this category. This is because majority of the government district hospitals and institutions operate the De Mont fort type incinerators. Only two major hospitals operate commercially acquired incinerators. However, most of the incinerators do not have effective air pollution control systems (APCs). To a large extent many of The medical facilities either openly bum their waste or have installations called incinerators which in effect are open burners. The total release from this category averages 249.4 g TEQ.
Hazardous wastes or waste oil are not currently used as fuel for firing cement kilns for fear of compromising on cement quality.

Akech M. 16) Land and the Environment Law Reports. Kenya: NCLR; 2006.
Odada E.O., Olago DO, W. O. Lake Victoria Basin Environment Outlook: Environment and Development. Nairobi: UNEP; 2006.
Wanjiku Ng'ang'a, Anni Laine LC. Natural Language Generation from OpenMath.; 2006. Abstract
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Odada E, Olago D, A K, A B, S W, M N, J K. East African Rift Valley Lakes,GIWA regional assessment 47. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme; 2006.
ISAAC O. JUMBA, S. O. WANDIGA, C, MIRIKAU, ODUOR FD, WAFULA GA, V. MADADI. THE STATUS OF EFFLUENT TREATMENT AND SAFE WASTE DISPOSAL OF TOXIC AND OBSOLETE PESTICIDES UNDER THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION. INDONESIA: UNIDO-RENCAP Conference on POPs,BOGOR; 2006. Abstract

INTRODUCTION
Kenya strives to move along the path of sustainable development to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the resource base to meet those of future generations. However, the development process in the country is at a stage at which land use interests such as agriculture, tourism, ranching, wildlife management, forestry, water conservation, mining, manufacture development are often conflicting. This is excercabated by the mismatch between population and economic growth together with inadequate policies governing land use. Additionally, existing policies and programmes are either poorly implemented or lack harmonization and coordination. These inadequacies especially those governing management of the resource base have resulted in widespread environmental degradation and subsequent threat to ecosystem health.
Some of the threats to ecosystem health can be attributed to poor effluent treatment and disposal of toxic waste and obsolete pesticides (commonly
referred to as persistant organic pollutants, POPs) in the environment. These
* ,
pollutants include polychlorinated piphyeyls (PCBs), aldrin diedrin, DOT, endrin, chlordane, hexachlorobenzene, minex, toxaphene, heptachlor, dioxins and furans.

KENYA COUNTRY PAPER: UNIDO-RENPAP WORKSHOP, BOGOR INDONESIA 18"1 - 20'" SEPTEMBER, 2006

OTIENO MROWINONICHOLAS. Expanding SME Outsourcing Opportunities in the Ongoing Power Sector Reforms in East and Southern Africa. GDN Research Monitor; 2006. AbstractWebsite

Paper prepared for the Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP), AFREPREN/FWD, Nairobi

Osengo C. Kitale Municipal Ward Plans in collaboration with ITGD-EA and Department of Urban and Regional Planning . Nairobi: ITDG and Dept. Urban and Regional Planning; 2006.
V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. With Asingo, Patrick: `Implementing Road Transport Safety Measures in Kenya: Policy Issues and Challenges. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2006. AbstractWebsite

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Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products.
This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.

Kiai W, Mukaindo S. Report of the Proceedings of the Third Joint Review Meeting of GJLOS. Nairiobi: Governance, Justice, Law and Order Reform Programme; 2005.
Orwa OD. Reform in Kenya's Education Sector; Case for Use of ICT. Nairobi, Kenya: NEPAD; 2005.
Muga R, Ndavi PM KBLAFAPRVP. Kenya HIV/AIDS Service Provision Survey, Nairobi, Kenya: . Nairobi: National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development, Ministry of Health, Central Bureau of Statistics, ORC MACRO-USA; ; 2005.
Onyatta JO. Urban micro-farming and HIV/AIDS mitigation-Gardens of Hope. Johannesburg/Cape Town S.A: RUAF, The Netherlands and Abalimi Bezakhaya, South Africa; 2005.
Kiai W. Report of the Meeting for Development of a National Plan against Corruption. Nairobi: Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs; 2005.
Odada E.O., A. O, H.E B, K AZ, Highes AA, A KS, K.A. K, Saayman I.C. Facing the facts: Assessing the vulnerability of Africa’s water resources to environmental change.. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP-DEWA; 2005.
Dindi EW. Suggested guidelines for the NDC Evaluation of the first System-Wide Performance Test (SPT1).. Vienna, Austria: Internal PTS Report of the CTBTO; 2005.
MUMMA_MARTINON CA. ) Eu-Africa Relations / Eu-Africa Dialogue. Institute Of Peace Studies And International Relations (Hipsir; 2005.draft.pdf
Ikamari LDE. Constraints to Data Use in Kenya. USA: MEASURE Evaluation/Future Group Project; 2005.
Mwega FM. enya’s Market Access Constraints On Non - Agricultural Products In The European Union. Paper prepared for the Ministry of Trade and Industry through the Trade Negotiations Support Under Kenya - EU Post Lome Trade Programme (KEPLOTRADE); 2005.
Nyamongo IK. Faith in action: Examining the role of Faith Based Organizations in addressing HIV/AIDS..; 2005. Abstractnyamongo_faith_in_action_final_report.pdfWebsite

Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya. This article assesses knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding cervical cancer among rural women of Kenya. One hundred and sixty women (mean age 37.9 years) who sought various health care services at Tigoni subdistrict hospital, Limuru, Kenya, were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. In addition, three focus group discussions (25 participants) were held, five case narratives recorded, and a free list of cervical cancer risk factors obtained from a group of 41 women respondents. All women were aged between 20 and 50 years. About 40% knew cervical cancer, although many still lack factual information. A history of sexually transmitted diseases (61.5%), multiple sexual partners (51.2%), and contraceptive use (33%) were identified as risk factors. Other factors mentioned include smoking, abortion, and poor hygiene standards. High parity, early sexual debut, and pregnancy were not readily mentioned as risk factors. We propose a folk causal model to explain the link between these factors and cervical cancer. Lack of knowledge constrains utilization of screening services offered at the clinics. Consequently, respondents support educating women as a way to tackling issues on cervical cancer. It is recommended that an integrated reproductive health program that addresses comprehensively women's health concerns be put in place.

Osengo C. Kitale Municipal Ward Plans in collaboration with ITGD-EA and Department of Urban and Regional Planning . Nairobi: ITDG and Dept. Urban and Regional Planning; 2005.
OTIENO MROWINONICHOLAS. Making Africa’s Power Sector Sustainable. United Nation Economic Commision for Africa (UNECA); 2005. AbstractWebsite

A paper prepared for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA),

Agwanda A. Maternal health and well being in Kenya. 8-10th December 2004: Society for International Development (SID). Round table meeting on Maternal Health and Well being in Eastern Africa. Strategies for Meeting the Millennium Development Goals; 2005.
K'Oyugi BO. ICPD+10 Kenya’s Progress in Implementing the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action 1994-2004. Nairobi: National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development; 2004.
Orwa OD. SIDA ICT Survey for the Governance, Law and Order Sector (GJLOS). Nairobi Kenya: Swedish International Development Agency; 2004.
Kiai W, Muhoro N. Conference On Regional Security Issues In The Age Of Globalisation. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation &Institute for Diplomacy and International Studies; 2004.
Ngatia EM, Macigo FG, Gathece LW, Mutara LN, Mulli TK. Baseline Survey on Oral Health, Feeding Patterns and Nutritional Status of the Older People in Dagoretti Division, Nairobi District. Nairobi: Help-Age International Africa Regional Centre; 2004. AbstractWebsite

Department of Periodontology/ Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676 - 00202, Nairobi, Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of oral hygiene habits and practices on the risk of developing oral leukoplakia. DESIGN: Case control study. SETTING: Githongo sublocation in Meru District. SUBJECTS: Eighty five cases and 141 controls identified in a house-to-house screening. RESULTS: The relative risk (RR) of oral leukoplakia increased gradually across the various brushing frequencies from the reference RR of 1.0 in those who brushed three times a day, to 7.6 in the "don't brush" group. The trend of increase was statistically significant (X2 for Trend : p = 0.001). The use of chewing stick as compared to conventional tooth brush had no significant influence on RR of oral leukoplakia. Non-users of toothpastes had a significantly higher risk of oral leukoplakia than users (RR = 1.8; 95% confidence levels (CI) = 1.4-2.5). Among tobacco smokers, the RR increased from 4.6 in those who brushed to 7.3 in those who did not brush. Among non-smokers, the RR of oral leukoplakia in those who did not brush (1.8) compared to those who brushed was also statistically significant (95% CL = 1.6-3.8). CONCLUSION: Failure to brush teeth and none use of toothpastes are significantly associated with the development of oral leukoplakia, while the choice of brushing tools between conventional toothbrush and chewing stick is not. In addition, failure to brush teeth appeared to potentiate the effect of smoking tobacco in the development of oral leukoplakia. Recommendations: Oral health education, instruction and motivation for the improvement of oral hygiene habits and practices; and therefore oral hygiene status, should be among the strategies used in oral leukoplakia preventive and control programmes.

Onyatta JO, Omoto WO. . Potential for urban and peri-urban agriculture to create employment and reduce poverty.. Nairobi: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Urban Harvest-CIP and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).; 2004.
Odada EO, Hecky, R., Bootsma, H. African Lake Management Initiatives: The Global Connection. Proceedings of the Workshop on World Lake Management. Nairobi, Kenya: World Lakes Initiative; 2004.
kinyuawanjau. Job satisfaction at University of nairobi:a survey. Nairobi: university of Nairobi; 2004.
Agwanda A. : Kenya Country Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Needs Assessment Report on Child health, Maternal health and Health Systems. . Ministry of Planning and National Development, Government of Kenya and UNDP; 2004.
Agwanda A. Chapter 6: Kenya Demographic and Health Survey: Other Proximate Determinants of Fertility: Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003 Report. Calverton, Maryland: . Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Ministry of Health (MOH) and ORC MACRO ; 2004.
HM M. EXPRESSION OF ESTROGEN RECEPTORS ALPHA. Giessen: Annual Research Dissemination for VFFV; 2004.
Agwanda A. Kenya Country Needs Assessment of Progress Towards the Achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the International Conference on Population and Development Goals . Partners In Development – South to South Initiative to be used for preparing the 2005-2015 Strategic Plan; 2004.
Agwanda A. Research Methodology and Communication: Participants Course book and Trainers Manual. Kenya Institute for Research and Policy Analysis; 2004.
Orwa OD. ICT in Kenya's Economic Recovery. Nairobi: KEPSA and UNDP; 2003.
Oucho JO. Skilled Immigration in Botswana: Retrospect and Prospect. University of Botswana; 2003.
Mittullah WV, Wachira-Towey IN. INFORMAL LABOUR IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN KENYA: A CASE STUDY OF NAIROBI. ILO Working Paper under the Sectoral Activities Programme; 2003.
Ndavi PM, Muia EG OJ, et al. An analysis of Training in the Provision of Family Planning Services in Factors thatContribute to the Utilization of Quality RH Care: Findings from Further Analysis of the Service Provision Assessment of 1999: . Nairobi: Ministry of Health, National Council for Population and Development-Ministry of Planning and National ; 2003.
Olenja J, Ndavi PM MKHCNEPAS. Client Satisfaction as a Measure of Quality of Care Among Antenatal Clinic Clients inFactors that Contribute to the Utilization of Quality RH Care:Findings from Further Analysis of the Service Provision Assessment of 1999: . Nairobi: Ministry of Health, National Council for Population and Development-Ministry of Planning and National Development, Measure Evaluation-USA; pp 37-50; June 2003. ; 2003.
Muia EG, Ndavi PM O, Kizito P, Hyslop A CNSS:. Factors that Contribute to the Utilization of Quality RH Care: Findings from Further Analysis of the Service Provision Assessment of 1999:. Nairobi: Ministry of Health, National Council for Population and Development-Ministry of Planning and National Development, Measure Evaluation-USA; ; 2003.
K'Oyugi BO, Kekevole J, Muia E. Kenya Country Population Assessment. Nairobi: UNFPA Kenya Country Office; 2003.
L O. Situational Analysis of Children in 10 Districts in Kenya. Nairobi: Kenya Alliance for the Advancement of Children (KAACR); 2003.
C.J. R, P. M, G.J.O. A, G. O. Community based Animal Based Workers in Kenya: A case study of Mwingi District. Nairobi: African Union/Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources; 2003.
Agwanda" "A, Muganda" "R, Khasakhala" "AA, Rae" "G. Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes in Africa: Lessons from Kenya. Nairobi: Centre for the Study of Adolescence; 2003.
Agwanda A, Akoya KA. Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes in Africa: Lessons from Kenya.. Regal Press (K) Ltd: Centre for the study of Adolescence; 2003. AbstractWebsite

Demography India 32 (2): 26-32

Subbo WK. Women empowerment in slum settlements: An annotated bibliography. Nairobi: United Nations Centre for Human Developments (UN_HABITAT; 2003.Women empowerment in Slum Settlement. pdf
Kiai W. Workshop On Politics Of Transition In Kenya. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation & University of Nairobi, Department of Political Science and Public Administration; 2002.
Ndavi PM, Dlamini D KP:. Report of Maternal Death Review in the Kingdom of Swaziland. Mbabane: World Health Organization; 2002.
Ndavi PM, Dlamini D KP:. A Reproductive Health Needs Assessment; A Report of Findings from the Kingdom of Swaziland:. Mbabane: World Health Organization; 2002.
Mwangi W, Kiai W. Focus on the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation; 2002.
Gichangi P, Thenya S, Kamau J, Kigondu C, Ngugi E, Diener L. Domestic violence in Kenya: A baseline survey among women in Nairobi. FIDA Kenya.. Nairobi: Federation of women lawyers; 2002.
Kiai Wambui, Mwangi Wagaki B. HIV/AIDS and the Land Issue in Kenya: A Research Report. South Africa: FAO; 2002.
Odada E, Crossland JJM, Kremer HH, Salomons W, Arthurton RS. African Basins: LOICZ Global Change Assessment and Synthesis of River Catchment-Coastal Sea Interactions and Human Dimensions.. The Netherlands: LOICZ, Texel, The Netherlands; 2002. AbstractLOICZ

The Land ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ)core project of the International Geosphere Biosphere Project, IGBP, is evaluating the physical, biogeochemical and human interactions influencing coastal change.

K. M, P.K. M. Women and property Rights in Kenya. Nairobi: Kenya Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA); 2002.
Odada, E.O., Olago, D O. Palaeoecology of Eastern Africa Mountains. India: PAGES; 2001.
Wambui K. Report of the Second Meeting of the Gender Forum. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation; 2001.
Amugune BK, Kibwage IO, Thoithi GN, Abuga KO, Ndwigah SN. Measuring drug prices in low and middle income countries. The Kenya Report:. Bellagio, Italy; 2001.
Osengo C. Nakuru Strategic Structure Plan. In collaboration with United Nations Habitat and the Belgian Government.. Belgian: United Nations Habitat and the Belgian Government.; 2001.
K'Oyugi BO, Team CR. Socio-cultural Factors and HIV Transmission: A Case Study of Mwingi and Homa Bay Districts. Nairobi: UNDP Kenya Country Office; 2001.
Ryan T, K'Oyugi BO. The United Nations Common Country Assessment for Kenya 2001. Nairobi: UNDP Kenya Country Office; 2001.
Agwanda A. Harmonization of Household and Family variables in the 1989 and 1999 Kenyan Censuses. . Minnesota University Population Center, International Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The report and spreadsheet prepared for the IPUMS project on Census Data Use. The report formed part of the meta- data; 2001.

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