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V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. With Dorothy McCormick and Mary Kinyanjui: `Enhancing Institutional Capacity for Policy Development, Dialogue, and Advocacy: Role of Associations and Other Community Based Organisations. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; Forthcoming. AbstractWebsite

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Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products.
This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.

P. OCHILO. The Kenyan Primary Health Care Programmes and the Supportive Options for the Mass Media. Finland: , Geneva and University of Tampere,; Submitted.
PENINAH MUTONGA (Eds.). Circular Affordable Urban Housing: developing a viable new typology for affordable housing. NAIROBI: A project run by Orkidstudio and supported by the DOEN Foundation.; Submitted.
Lamu County Spatial Plan . Lamu; Submitted.
K. M, Mbote PK, Musembi C. Women's Access to Land Land-based Resources among Forest-dwelling Communities in East Africa:. Nairobi: CASELAP, University of Nairobi; Submitted.
K. M, Mbote PK, Musembi C. Women's Access to Land Land-based Resources among Forest-dwelling Communities in East Africa:. Nairobi: CASELAP, University of Nairobi; Submitted.
Dadu K. Institutionalization of Participatory Design in Kenya. Nairobi: Centre for Urban Research and Innovation (CURI); Submitted.
Gitao, C.G. Reviewer, Transboundary and Emerging diseases. Trsansboundary and Emerging Diseases; 2020.tbed_reviewer_certificate_1_1.pdf
of Joint Report Kenya National Bureau of Statistics(KNBS) UN. Inequality trend and Diagnostics in Kenya. Nairobi: University of Nairobi and KNBS; 2020.
‘Writing and Publishing: My Personal Experience’. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2019.
Gitao, C.G., Toroitich, K, Khalif, Field, C, Wario, S. Mass Livestock Deaths In EL-HADI Of North-Horr Sub-County, MARSABIT COUNTY. Nairobi: RPLP; 2019.marsabit_camel_deaths-paper_-1.docx
Overview of Retinopathy of prematurity. Nairobi: College of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central & Southern Africa; 2019.overview_of_retinopathy_of_prematurity._njambi.pdf
Chimoita EL. Improved Sorghum Variety: A Forgotten Gold in the Kenyan Drylands. CAVS University of Nairobi Kenya: ILRIAgricFose2030; 2019.
Opiyo R, Olale P. Alternatives to Eviction: Scenarios for Access to Land by the Urban Poor in Kiandutu Informal Settlement Thika, Kenya. Nairobi: Centre for Urban Research and Innovations ; 2017.

Hydrological systems are potentially very sensitive to changes in climate. Recently, attention has been mainly drawn to the rising global temperatures; however, over the past century, human livelihoods have substantially been directly affected by changes in the regional hydrological balance. Lake Nakuru is one example of a hydrological system which has seen its water levels increasing since September 2010 during the beginning of the short rains making it the first lake in the Rift Valley bursting its banks, leading to decreased electrical conductivity levels as a result of water dilution. All flamingos left the lake, initially settling in the Lake Oloidien a small alkaline lake south of Lake Naivasha and Lake Bogoria. The increased water levels led to change in aquatic life and biodiversity, including submersion of habitats adjoining the lake and have therefore had major ecological implications on the lake and its environs.
This study, therefore, assesses the impacts of the increased water levels and the flooding of Lake Nakuru and its surrounding areas on biodiversity, specifically, the phytoplankton and lesser flamingo communities, owing to climate change and climate variability. The study focused on reviewing and analysing observed climatic records from 2000 to 2014, obtained from the Kenya Meteorological Department, especially temperature, precipitation and evaporation of Lake Nakuru in order to assess how climate variability and climate change has contributed to the increased lake levels, monitoring and reviewing information on the state of past and present records of the lesser flamingo and phytoplankton communities of Lake Nakuru was undertaken, with the data sets obtained from the Kenya Wildlife Service and National Museums of Kenya database. Several methods were employed in order to determine the past and current trends of climatic parameters (temperature, precipitation and evaporation), and also for the physicochemical characteristics of Lake Nakuru (conductivity, phytoplankton, lesser flamingos and the lake depth). These included time series analysis, trend analysis and the Pearson's correlation analysis was used to correlate the changes in lake conductivity to changes in population estimates of the lesser flamingos and the phytoplankton. Data set extracted from the Coupled Model lntercomparison Project Phase 5 (CM1P5) (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) Atlas subset) models were subjected to time series analysis method where the future climate scenarios of near surface temperature, precipitation and evaporation were plotted for the period 2017 to 2100 (projection) for RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 relative to the baseline period 1971 to 2000 in Lake Nakuru were analysed. The results were used to assess the impact of climate change on the lesser flamingos and phytoplankton abundance.
It was observed that there was an increase in the mean annual precipitation during the study period (2009 to 2014) which caused the increase in the lake's surface area from a low area of 31.8 km2 in January 2010 to a high of 54.7 km2 in Sept 2013, indicating an increase of 22.9 km2 (71.92% surface area increase). Mean conductivity of the lake also decreased leading to the loss of phytoplankton on which flamingos feed causing them to migrate. A strong positive correlation between conductivity and the lesser flamingo population was observed implying that low conductivity affects the growth of phytoplankton and since the lesser flamingos depend on the phytoplankton for their feed, this subsequently demonstrated th&t the phytoplankton density could be a significant predictor of the lesser flamingo occurrence in Lake Nakuru. There was also a strong positive correlation observed between phytoplankton and the lesser flamingo population which confirms that feed availability is a key determining factor of the lesser flamingo distribution in the lake.
It is projected that there would be an increase in temperatures, precipitation and evaporation for the period 20 I 7 to 2100 under RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 relative to the baseline period 1971 to 2000 obtained from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) multi-model ensemble. As a result, it is expected that the lake will further increase in surface area and depth by the year 2 I 00 due to increased precipitation thereby affecting the populations of the lesser . flamingos and phytoplankton, as the physicochemical factors of the lake will change as wel I during the projected period.
Recommendation.s that can be taken to contribute to the country's biodiversity resources, specifically in Lake Nakuru through climate change mitigation and appropriate adaptations have been provided. They include: In order to assess the variability in climate, continuous monitoring and analysing meteorological parameters in the lake basin is suggested; government policy on illegal water abstractions and massive afforestation of indigenous trees need to be enforced in order to enhance precipitation regularity so as to sustainably utilize and manage Lake Nakuru 's waters; Climate vulnerability assessments need to be carried out in order to come up with mitigations and adaptations measures unique to Lake Nakuru basin to inform the measures that need to be taken in order to minimize the negative impacts of climate vulnerability/change, and exploit the beneficial ones.

Kimani NM, Muia JM, Amakabane DM, Onyambu CK. Spontaneous infected biloma: case report.; 2016. Abstract

Biloma is defined as any collection of bile outside the biliary tree. It mainly results from surgical complications and abdominal trauma. Spontaneous biloma is extremely rare and is occasionally associated with choledocholithiasis. This report describes a case of spontaneous biloma diagnosed radiologically and confirmed at laparotomy. An intraperitonial biloma and a large common bile duct calculus were observed. The biloma was drained and the patient progressed well and was discharged in good condition

Mwaura MW, Wasonga OV, Elhadi YAM, Ngugi RK. Economic contribution of the camel milk trade in Isiolo Town, Kenya. London: IIED; 2015.
Gituku BC, a OVW, Ngugi RK. Economic contribution of the pastoral meat trade in Isiolo Town, Kenya. London: IIED; 2015.
Olago, D. O., Dulo, Kanoti. Sustaining Urban Groundwater-Fed Water Supplies and Sanitation Systems in Africa. London: The Royal Society; 2015.
Opiyo-Akech N. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for proposed exploratory well drilling in Block 11A: CEPSA, Turkana County. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2015.
Opiyo-Akech N. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for proposed exploratory well drilling in Block L19: Rift Energy, Kwale County. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2015.
Mumenya SW, Nganga G. Abstracts of past research in the department of civil and construction engineering from 1971 to 2015. Nairobi, Kenya: Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, University of Nairobi; 2015.
Tara, Bartlett Leslie, W. A, Okoth U. , ICT in Education Impact Study 2012-2013 Report. The Earth Institute, Columbia University; 2015.
Olago, D. O., Dulo, opondo, Ouma. Country Diagnostic Report, Kenya. Lonon: University of Oxford; 2015.
Hope R, Olago D, Opondo M, Mumma A, Ouma G, Dulo S, A Trevett, Harvey P, Stallone A, Koehler J, Katuva J, James R, Washington R, Bradley D, Cheeseman N, Borgomeo E, Charles K, Thomson P. Country Diagnostic Report, Kenya.; 2015. Abstractcountry_diagnostic_report_kenya.pdfOxford University Research Archive

Kenya is one of Africa’s most dynamic and entrepreneurial economies, but one with increasing water security risks. These risks are of growing concern to the poor; where it is clear current poverty metrics do not capture the impact and implications of water shocks or long-term human exposure to water risks. This report highlights 4 significant but uncertain developments that will interact to determine Kenya’s progress in its quest to reach middle-income status by 2030 and improve water security for over 17 million poor people: the impacts of decentralisation resilience to climate shocks reducing inequality harnessing mobile ecosystems. The report presents potential locations to establish Water Security Observatories that address these key issues and developments. Through a risk-based approach and science-practitioner partnerships, the observatories are proposed to examine ‘small towns in fragile lands’ and ‘build water secure institutions’ with the goal of reducing water security risks for the poor. This paper is an output from the REACH Improving Water Security for the Poor programme

Booth D, Cooksey B, Golooba-Mutebi F, Kanyinga K. East African Prospects: An Update on the Political Economy of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI); 2014.
Mbithi LM. Eastern Africa’s Manufacturing Sector - Kenya Country Report. Nairobi: African Development Bank Group – Eastern Africa Regional Resource Centre (EARC); 2014.
Opiyo-Akech N. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for 2D seismic survey in Block 9: Africa Oil B.V. ; Isiolo, Wajir and Marsabit Counties. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2014.
Opiyo-Akech N. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for 2D seismic survey in Block L16: CAMAC Energy.; Kilifi County. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2014.
Opiyo-Akech N. Environmental Impact Assessment for Berilium mining: ARC; Somaliland. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2014.
C.A. M-M. Social Bi-annual Report, July 2013 - February 2014. Nairobi: Total Exploration and Production Kenya ction Kenya; 2014.
Opiyo-Akech N. Social Impact Assessment for 2D seismic survey in Block 9: Africa Oil B.V.; Wajir County. Report for National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; 2014.
Gitao C.G. UoN vet-German student exchange programme. Nairobi/Berlin: UoN/Free University of Berlin; 2014.uon_students_and_german_students.pdf
Gitao, C.G. Current Research Projects. Nairobi: Dept Vet Pathology; 2014.current_research-.pdf
Scott-Villier P, Ondicho T, Lubaale G, Ndungu D, Kabala N, Oosterom M. Roots and Routes of Political Violence in Kenya's Civil and political Society: A case Study of Marsabit County. London: IDS; 2014.
Migration and Urbanisation in Kenya: a Policy Brief. Nairobi: National Coordinating Agency for population and Development (NCPD); 2013.psa_brief_ppt_media_-_migration.ppt
Onjala J. Economic Evaluation of Roads Infrastructure Projects in Galkaiyo, Somaliland. Nairobi: International Labour Organization (ILO) Somalia Programme; 2013.
C.A. Mumma-Martinon. NAIROBI: Total Exploration production Kenya; 2013.
Onjala J. An Evaluation of the Implementation of the African Development Bank’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy in Africa. Nairobi: Gibbs International, African Development Bank (AfDB); 2013.
"Ng'ethe N", "Michuki G", "Wanjiru R". “Police Reforms in Kenya: Perceptions and Expectations from Key Stakehoders”. Nairobi: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2013.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Wambugu A, Musau S. Counting and Multidimensional Child Poverty Measurement in Kenya. PEP and University of Nairobi; 2013.
Mulaku M, Opiyo N, Karumbi J, Kitonyi G, Thoithi G, English M. Does use of Hydroxyurea in childhood sickle cell disease, prevent Sickle cell complications?. Sarova,white sands Mombasa; 2013.kpa_plenary_200413_mm.ppt
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Wambugu A, ARAAR A. Measurement and Correlates of Multidimensional Poverty: Application to Child Wellbeing in Kenya. PEP and University of Nairobi; 2013.
Mathai LW, Kipyegon AN. Mixed mammary gland tumor in a 5 year old German Shepherd bitch. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.soft_tissue.pdf
Mathai LW, Nderitu EM. Periodontal disease in a 15 year old Jack Russel bitch: A Case Report. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.dentistry.pdf
Mathai LW, Varma V. Salter Harris Type 1 fracture in a German shepherd dog: a Case Report.. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.orthopaedics.pdf
Kaijage E, Wheeler D. Supporting Entrepreneurship Education in East Africa Report for Presentation to Stakeholders.; 2013. Abstractentrepreneurship_education_in_east_africa._kaijage_and_wheeler_2013.pdfWebsite

Executive Summary
The University of Nairobi School of Business and Plymouth University Business School were commissioned by the UK Department for International Development to assess the capacity of business schools and other institutions to support entrepreneurship through development of entrepreneurship education in East Africa.
The research was carried out in three phases:
 A literature review and desk research on entrepreneurship education and training in three case study countries: Kenya, Tanzania an South Sudan;
 Semi- structured Interviews with 61 stakeholders and a survey of 420 stakeholders in the three case study countries which explored perceptions of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education and training; and
 A workshop which further refined insights from the interviews and survey
The main conclusion from the literature review and desk research was that there is a gulf between formal business education in East Africa and the needs of entrepreneurs, especially for women, young people and marginalised groups. It is essential, therefore, to develop a new paradigm for entrepreneurship education that is grounded in the economic and social context of the entrepreneurs.
A major finding from the interviews, survey and workshop was the relative lack of interest among graduates and unemployed youth in pursuing self-employment compared to corporate or public sector employment. Other important findings included the importance of:
 introducing entrepreneurship at all levels of education from primary to postgraduate;
 social enablers such as trust building, communications and negotiation skills for the success of entrepreneurs;
 experiential over theoretical learning;
 mentoring, coaching and peer-peer learning over other forms of learning support;
 context specific skills development for entrepreneurs;
 a commonly held definition of entrepreneurship that embraces broader societal and developmental goals
Stakeholders identified the need for:
 integrated policy making between governments, the private sector, civil society organisations and educational institutions;
 special consideration for disadvantaged groups in policy formulation;
 social and cultural change eg through social mobilisation;
 agreed conceptual frameworks for entrepreneurship promotion and entrepreneurship education (allowing for cultural and linguistic differences);
 integrated interventions addressing all levels of education: primary, and secondary schools, colleges and vocational training schemes and universities/business schools; and
 the development of curricula and resources appropriate for all levels of intervention.
The need for experiential learning opportunities and mentoring, combined with relative disinterest in pursuing self-employment and entrepreneurship as a chosen career path means that significant levels of training and capacity building, supplemented by processes of behavioural and social change will need to be explored if ‘systemic entrepreneurship’ is to be realised in East Africa.
Based on from these findings, six cross cutting themes for future capacity building are identified:
 Developing Shared Knowledge and Conceptual Frameworks
 Enhancing National Education Policies and Practices
 Developing Accessible Learning Materials
 Training Trainers and Building Enterprise Educator Support Networks
 Supporting Social Networks and the Informal Sector
 Embedding Research and Continuous Improvement
Recommendations are made in six areas, based on the results of the research:
 Presentation and dissemination of findings;
 Convening conferences of interested parties;
 Establishing country based networks of enterprise educators;
 Establishing a system for learning object capture and distribution using various media;
 Developing integrative pilot projects in focal countries and elsewhere reflecting the analysis of this report and the need for both rural and urban entrepreneurship education initiatives focused on the young, women and disadvantaged groups; and
 Developing mechanisms for sharing the results of pilot projects and publicising outcomes..

Onjala J, Odero K. Establishment & Operation of Garowe Fish Market in Puntland: Options for the Type and Structure of PPP. Nairobi: International Labour Organization (ILO) Somalia Programme; 2012.
K. M, P.K. M. Gender Dimension s of Witch Burning and Women’ s Property Rights in Kisii County, Kenya. Nairobi: Coalition on Violence Against Women (COVAW); 2012.
Musyoka SM, Karanja FN, Mwathane I. Establishment of a pro poor Land Information Management System. Nairobi: Institution of Surveyors of Kenya; 2012.
L. O, J. A. Evaluation of HelpAge Kenya’s Sponsor a Grandparent Programme. Nairobi: HelpAge International; 2012.
Musyoka SM, Karanja FN. Determination of minimum and maximum land holding. Case Study: Kajiado County, Transnzoia County and Kisii County. Nairobi: Instituition of Surveyors of Kenya; 2012.
Samuel Maina Githigia. PIG SECTOR REVIEW KENYA. NAIROBI: FAO LIVESTOCK COUNTRY REVIEWS; 2012.fao_pig_sector_review_in_kenya1.pdf
kinyua OH. QUELLING VIOLENCE. Nairobi: Supreme Cuoucil of Kenya Muslims; 2012.quelling_violence_in_mombasa_.doc
Osengo C. Integrated Strategic Urban Development Plan of Lodwar.. Nairobi; 2012. Abstract

The Lodwar Integrated Urban Development Plan 2011-2030, highlights the historical background of the town, spatial planning its development and main planning bottlenecks. It further projects the planning area in the context of location, regional functions, sectoral analysis of key planning sectors with a view to bringing out main planning challenges.

The planning report finally looks at the conceptual arguments around the factors that determine the development of patterns within the planning areas signed out as the drainage features, landscape units and the infrastructure features of the road system as well as the proposed Lamu Southern Sudan Ethiopia Transport corridor. After alternative models of spatial development are based on the above structuring the elements from which the best was selected as the preferred without integrated urban development plan 2011-2030.

Kinyanjui S. • Best Practices in the Administration of Criminal Justice. Muslim for Human Rights (MUHURI); 2012.

The major forms of disasters include: Droughts, Floods, Terrorism, Landslides, HIV/AIDS and disease epidemics, Transport accidents, Fires/industrial hazards and pollution. There are other extreme outbreaks of diseases, such as cholera, malaria, typhoid and meningitis, which have become threats as a result of HIV/AIDS. The focus of this paper is on the natural disasters, which are rampant within the lake Victoria basin and are related to extreme weather and climate events such as droughts, floods and strong winds, among others. Extreme weather and climate events influence the welfare of the society and entire economy of the country with droughts and floods having the highest adverse effects. The sectors that experience the immediate effects include agriculture, health, and water resources among others.

Ndegwa EN. Kiharu Constituency Strategic Plan. Nairobi; 2012.
Mwega FM. Recent Economic Shocks, their Impacts and Policy Responses in Kenya.. London.: International Development Institute (ODI),; 2012.
Mwega FM, Weil D, Mbiti I. The Implications of Innovations in the Financial Sector on th e Conduct of Monetary Policy in East Africa.. International Growth Ce ntre Tanzania Country Programme; 2012.
Ndetei DM, Mamah D, Owoso A, Mbwayo AW, Mutiso VN, Muriungi SK, Khasakhala LI, Barch DM. Classes of Psychotic Experiences in Kenyan Children and Adolescents.; 2012.classes_of_psychotic_experiences_in_kenyan_children.pdf

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