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DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "8-4-4 system of education and the teaching of English The way forward Research Paper. presented at the international conference on communication and education, Nairobi, 1992.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1992. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "The Role of People Living with HIV and AIDS in AIDS Education and Awareness. A poster and oral presentation at the 8th International Conference of AIDS in Africa: Morocco, Marakech 12th - 16th December 1993.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1993. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "Attitudes & problems of implementing a policy of English across the Curriculum. A Paper presented at a National Seminar Analysis English across the Curriculum, Nairobi 1993.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1993. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

Dorothy MC, Kuzilwa J,(eds) TG-E. " Industrialising Africa in the Era of Globalisation.". In: Challenges to Clothing and Footwear. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press.; 2009. Abstract

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DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "Law, Ethics and HIV: Kenya.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1994. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

Dorothy MC, Kimuyu PK, Kinyanjui M. "Kenya's Garment Industry: An Institutional View of Medium and Large Firm. Working Paper No. 531.". In: Institute of Development Studies, University of Nairobi.; 2001.
DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "The role of psychosocial support to children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS: A WOFAK Experience.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1997. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

Dorothy MC, Kimuyu P, Kinyanjui M. "The Textile and Garments’ Sector: Global Players with Local Struggles.". In: Business in Kenya: Institutions and Interactions. University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "Emerging psychosocial needs for people living with HIV/AIDS undergoing private commercial anti-retroviral treatment in some selected Hospitals in Nairobi - Kenya.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1998. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

DOROTHY MRSOMOLLO. "Dissemination or Method.". In: J Infect Dis. 1992 Aug;166(2):359-64. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1992. Abstract

Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. An epidemic of meningococcal disease occurred in Nairobi, Kenya, during 1989, outside the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. About 3800 cases occurred between April and November (250/100,000 population). The case-fatality rate was 9.4% among hospitalized patients. Areas that included Nairobi's largest slums had particularly high attack rates. The epidemic displayed an unusual age distribution, with high attack rates among those 20-29 years old. A vaccination campaign was conducted. By early January, the weekly case count had fallen to 25 from a high of 272 (in September). A case-control study estimated the vaccine efficacy to be 87% (95% confidence interval, 67%-95%). A model estimated that the vaccination campaign reduced the number of cases by at least 20%. Multilocus enzyme electrophoretic typing demonstrated that the strain responsible for this large epidemic is closely related to strains that caused other recent epidemics, documenting further spread of what may be a particularly virulent clonal complex of group A Neisseria meningitidis.

Dorothy McCormick. "Kenya’s Garment and Metal Industries: Global and Local Realities.". In: Kenya’s Garment and Metal Industries. London: London: Routledge.; 2007. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Munguti K. "Micro-finance and Behaviour Change Among Nairobi\’s Commercial Sex Workers.". In: Small Enterprise Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kimuyu P, Kinyanjui MN. "Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi.". In: Business Systems Workshop. Machakos: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2001. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kamau. P. "Chinese Ascendancy in the Global Textile Trade.". In: : African Clothing Exports in the Post-MFA Era.’ Paper presented at final workshop of project on ‘Chinese Ascendancy in the Global Clothing Industry. Nairobi - Silver Springs Hotel; 2012.
Dorothy McCormick, Pedersen O. "Small Enterprise Development: A Network Approach.". In: Flexibility and Networking in an African Context., pp. 301-314. Nairobi: Longhorn. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Universal Access to Communication Services in Rural Kenya.". In: A Baseline Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kimuyu P, Kinyanjui N. "Kenya’s Garment Industry: An Institutional View of Medium and Large Firms.". In: Kenya’s Garment Industry. University of Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2001. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Small Enterprises: Flexibility and Networking in an African Context.". In: "Firm Linkages: Importance for Industrial Structure and Performance." Paper presented at national workshop for Multi-country Study of Private Enterprise Development, Nairobi. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, House W, Ikiara G. ""The Promotion of Self-Employment and Small-scale Enterprises in Urban Kenya: A Case Study." Co-authored with William J. House and Gerrishon K. Ikiara.". In: World Employment Programme Research Working Papers, No. 45. Geneva: International Labour Office. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1990. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "African Perceptions of Afro-Chinese Relations.". In: Sixth Shanghai Workshop. Shanghai: Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press.; 2008. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Industrialising Kenya: Building the Productive Capacity of Micro and Small Enterprise Clusters.". In: Building the Productive Capacity of Micro and Small Enterprise Clusters. University of Leipzig: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Can Micro-Enterprises Export?". In: Institutions in Industry and Agriculture. Mombasa, Kenya: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2002. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Industrial District or Garment Ghetto? The Case of Nairobi's Mini-Manufacturers." In Meine Pieter van Dijk and Roberta Rabellotti, eds. Enterprise Clusters and Networks in Developing Countries, pp. 109-130. London: Frank Cass. 1997.". In: "Growth and Barriers to Growth Among Nairobi's Small and Medium-Sized Garment Producers."World Development 25(7): 1095-1110. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1997. Abstract

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MCCORMICK PROFDOROTHY, Dorothy McCormick. ""Women in Small-Scale Manufacturing: The Case of Nairobi, Kenya." Third World in Perspective vol. 1, no. 2. 1992.". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review." With Mary Njeri Kinyanjui. Prepared for the International Centre for Economic Growth, Nairobi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1992. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Kenyan Business in a Global-Local World.". In: The Regional Question in Economic Development. Villa Serbonelli: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2005. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Schmitz H. "Manual for Value Chain Research on Homeworkers in the Garment Industry Institute of Development Studies.". In: Labour and the Paradox of Flexibility. Mzumbe University/Adger University College: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2002. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Linkages Between Small and Large Firms In the Kenyan Food Processing and Tourism Industries.". In: Linkages Between Small and Large Firms In the Kenyan Food Processing and Tourism Industries. Hague, Netherlands.: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1998. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Ongile G, Kinyanjui N. "Growth and the Organisation of Production: Case Studies from Nairobi's Garment Industry.". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1993. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Paul K, Ligulu P. "Post-Multifibre Arrangement Analysis of the Textile and Garment Sectors in Kenya.". In: Post-Multifibre Arrangement Analysis of the Textile and Garment Sectors in Kenya." IDS Bulletin 37 (1): 80-88. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.; 2006. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Atieno R. "Eastern Africa Productive Capacity Initiative.". In: Eastern Africa Productive Capacity Initiative. Vienna: UNIDO. Vienna: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Enterprise Clusters in Africa: Paving the Way to Industrialisation.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi. esperienza italiana: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Winnie Mitullah. "Policy Experiences of Women in Kenyan Small Enterprise.". In: UNESCO Meeting on Women in the Informal Sector. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1995. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Dorothy McCormick and Winnie Mitullah. "Global Markets and Local Responses: The Changing Institutions in the Lake Victoria Fish Cluster" In Dorothy McCormick and Banji Oyeyinka, eds., Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation.". In: Global Markets and Local Responses: The Changing Institutions in the Lake Victoria Fish Cluster"Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation. Tokyo: United Nations University Press. Tokyo: United Nations University Press; 2007. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Njeri K. "Value Chains in Small Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi.". In: Challenges in Shifting from the Old Global Regime of Import Substitution to a More Liberalised Global Regime. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialisation: Theory and Reality.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi. Machakos, Kenya: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "China and Africa: Win-Win Strategies for the Clothing Trade.". In: Annual Meeting of the African Development Bank. Arusha, Tanzania,; 2012.
Dorothy McCormick, Ongile G, Pedersen O. "Barriers to Small Firm Growth: Evidence from Nairobi's Garment Industry.". In: Flexibility and Networking in an African Context. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Winnie Mitullah, Preston Chitere, Risper Orero, Ommeh M. "Paratransit Business Strategies: A Bird’s Eye View of Matatus in Nairobi." Journal of Public Transportation. 2013;16(2):135-152.
Dorothy McCormick. "University Involvement in Upgrading Entrepreneurial Networks: The Case of Nairobi’s Small Clothing and Footwear Producers.". In: Universal Access to Communication Services in Rural Kenya: A Baseline Survey. Kisumu, Kenya: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Enterprise Clusters in Kenya: Urban Production, Upgrading Strategies, and Joint Action.". In: Kenya\’s Garment Industry: An Institutional View of Medium and Large Firms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2001. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "The Impact of Economic Reform on Entrepreneurial Activity: A Theoretical Framework for Analysing Small Enterprise.". In: Importance for Industrial Structure and Performance. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "The Kenyan Economic Situation: An Overview.". In: World Employment Programme Research Working Papers. Geneva: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1990. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui N. "E-commerce in the Garment Industry in Kenya.". In: Clothing and Footwear in African Industrialisation. Johannesburg: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kimuyu P, Kinyanjui. N. "Weaving Through Reforms.". In: Business Systems in Africa. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2002. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Atieno R. "Firm Linkages: Importance for Industrial Structure and Performance.". In: Multi-country Study of Private Enterprise Development. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1997. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui N. "Success in Urban Small-Scale Manufacturing: Implications for Economic Development.". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1991. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Schmitz H. "Donor Proliferation and Coordination: Experiences of Kenya and Indonesia." Journal of Asian and African Studies. 2011. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Upgrading Enterprise Clusters: A Multidimensional Analysis.". In: Regional Conference on Innovation Systems and Innovative Clusters in Africa. Entebbe, Uganda: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2005. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Linkages between Small and Large Firms in the Kenyan Food Processing Sector.". In: Innovation and Small Enterprises in the Third World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2002. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Firm Linkages in Kenya’s Tourism Sector.". In: "Linkages Between Small and Large Firms In the Kenyan Food Processing and Tourism Industries." Presented at a workshop organised by the European Association of Development Institutes Working Group on Industrialisation Strategies at the Institute of S. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1997. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Urban Self-Employment in Kenya: Panacea or Viable Strategy?". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1993. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Odhiambo W, Paul Kamau. "Kenya’s Participation in the WTO: Lessons Learned.". In: Managing the Challenges of WTO Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2005. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Can Africa Industrialise Through Enterprise Clusters?". In: Eastern Africa Productive Capacity Initiative. Vienna: UNIDO. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. ""Policies Affecting Kenyan Industrialisation, 1964-1994." In Njuguna Ng\.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi." Paper presented at Business Systems Workshop, Machakos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui N, Ongile G. "Networks, Markets, and Growth in Nairobi's Garment Industry.". In: International Center for Economic Growth. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1994. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Raphael Kaplinsky, Morris M. "The Impact of China on Sub Saharan Africa.". In: Global Markets and Local Responses: The Changing Institutions in the Lake Victoria Fish Cluster"Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation. Tokyo: United Nations University Press. Tokyo: United Nations University Press; 2007. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "How to Collaborate: Associations and Other Community Based Organisations Among Kenyan Micro and Small-scale Entrepreneurs.". In: How to Collaborate: Associations and Other Community Based Organisations Among Kenyan Micro and Small-scale Entrepreneurs." Occasional Paper No. 70. Nairobi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "African Business Systems in a Globalising World.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi. Machakos, Kenya: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Africa and Its Emerging Development Partners: Helping or Hindering Industrialisation.". In: OECD Development Centre. Paris.; 2011.
Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui N. "Small Enterprise Clusters: Fishing and Vehicle Repair in Kenya.". In: Small Enterprise Clusters. Sussex, UK: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Wamalwa HN. "Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Trade and Development in Africa.". In: SMEs Trade and Development. Geneva; 2015.
Dorothy McCormick. "Dorothy McCormick. "Industrialisation through Cluster Upgrading: Theoretical Perspectives". In Dorothy McCormick and Banji Oyeyinka, eds., Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation.". In: Business in Kenya: Institutions and Interactions. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.; 2007. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Upgrading MSE Clusters: Theoretical Frameworks and Practical Approaches for African Industrialisation.". In: Innovative Systems and Innovative Clusters in Africa. Bagamoyo, Tanzania: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Gender Issues in Small Enterprise Development in Kenya.". In: Studies in Economic Development with Reference to East Africa and India. New Delhi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2001. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Women in Business: Class and Nairobi's Small and Medium-sized Producers.". In: Firm Linkages: Importance for Industrial Structure and Performance. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Fundis and Formality: Very Small Manufacturers in Nairobi.". In: World Employment Programme Research Working Papers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1987. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Raphael Kaplinsky, Morris M. "Impacts and Challenges of a Growing Relationship Between China and Sub Saharan Africa." London: Washington: The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies.; 2008. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Ligulu P, Kinyanjui N. "The Clothing and Footwear Industries in Kenya.". In: Clothing and Footwear in African Industrialisation. Africa Institute of South Africa, Johannesburg. ISBN 0-7983-0162-7. University of Leipzig: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Value Chains and the Business System: Applying a Simplified Model to Kenya’s Garment Industry.". In: Weaving Through Reforms:Business Systems in Africa. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2001. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. ""Enterprise Clusters in Africa: On the Way to Industrialisation?" Paper presented at Workshop on Collective Efficiency, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK, April 1997.". In: "Firm Linkages: Importance for Industrial Structure and Performance." Paper presented at national workshop for Multi-country Study of Private Enterprise Development, Nairobi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1997. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Nairobi's Clothing Retailers: Some Preliminary Findings.". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1991. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Rogerson C. "Clothing and Footwear in African Industrialisation.". In: Managing the Challenges of WTO Participation. Johannesburg: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2004. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "African Enterprise Clusters.". In: "Linkages between Small and Large Firms in the Kenyan Food Processing Sector." Innovation and Small Enterprises in the Third World. Montpellier, France: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2002. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. ""Growth and Barriers to Growth Among Nairobi's Small and Medium-Sized Garment Producers." Co-authored with Mary Njeri Kinyanjui and Grace Ongile. World Development 25(7): 1095-1110.". In: "Growth and Barriers to Growth Among Nairobi's Small and Medium-Sized Garment Producers."World Development 25(7): 1095-1110. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1997. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui N. "Risk and Firm Growth: The Dilemma of Nairobi's Small-scale Manufacturers.". In: Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise: A Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1993. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Why Small Firms Stay Small Risk and Growth in Nairobi's Small-Scale manufacturing .". 1993. AbstractWebsite

Despite abundant literature on the social and economic benefits of encouraging tiny "informal" firms, scholars generally agree that larger enterprises create more unskilled jobs, use resources more efficiently, and are better at building technological capacity. Yet majority of firms will never grow beyond six workers. This paper argues that one very significant reason why small firms stay small is risk. In Nairobi, the economic and social consequences of business failure are extremely high. Entrepreneurs therefore to protect themselves from failure and, in the process, ensure that their firms remain small. Our research identified four risk-management strategies that work separately and together to discourage firm growth.• First, many entrepreneurs manage risk through flexibility. By working in rent-free quarters, using family labour and little capital, they minimise fixed costs and maximise opportunities for additional income. Second, many small manufacturers also avoid risk by manufacturing standard products for a known market. Third, successful entrepreneurs frequently diversify their income and assetsrather than expanding a single enterprise. Finally, most prefer to preserve their land and other assets unencumbered by debt. These rational responses to a risky 90 business environment ensure that most firms stay small and in the process work against formation of a dynamic manufacturing sector. Policy-makers are challenged to improve the "enabling environment" creating broad policies conducive to firm growth and by targeting specific policies and programmes to small-scale industry. Kenya needs macroeconomic and social policies that indirectly encourage firm growth by removing or reducing business and background risks. It also needs an industrial policy that provides positive incentives for enterprising business owners willing to expand employment, improve efficiency, and upgrade technology and their workers skills

Dorothy McCormick, Kinyanjui M. "Retailers and Small scale Garment Producers: Dynamics in Local Level Development in Nairobi.". In: Local Economic Development in Africa. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2005. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Labour and the Paradox of Flexibility.". In: "Labour and the Paradox of Flexibility: The Case of Micro and Small Garment and Metal Enterprises in Nairobi." Paper presented at Mzumbe University/Adger University College International Conference on Research for Development,26-28. Mzumbe University/Adger University College: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Pedersen O. "Globalization and Regionalisation of Kenya\’s Foreign Trade and Production.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi." Paper presented at Business Systems Workshop, Machakos. Pennsylvania, USA: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Goldstein, Andrea; Pinaud N; RH. "The Asian Drivers and Africa: Learning from Case Studies.". 2009. AbstractWebsite

When the OECD Development Centre launched research in 2005 to document the economic, political and social impacts of China’s and India’s economic growth on sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, the arrival (or resurgence) of new important players had triggered concerns among traditional donors. Accusations ran from free riding on Western debt relief over violation of governance standards and unfair company competition to fragmentation of aid delivery. At the same time, there was a tendency to neglect the diversity of SSA in terms of resource endowments, trade links and industrial development. It was time then to promote African voices from various backgrounds to reflect Africa’s heterogeneity. The introductory section presents a summary of findings about the economic impact of the two Asian giants in SSA countries by Africa-based economists, with three practical conclusions. First, African countries should favor strategies that minimize areas of direct competition with the Asian giants. Second, industrialization strategies are required to exploit opportunities complementary to the Asian development path. Third, sectors of mutual interest should be identified in order to develop long-term views on how to cooperate with China and India and these views should be mainstreamed into national development plans.

Dorothy McCormick. "Institutional Development in Public Transport: Implications of Selective Compliance for Nairobi's Paratransit System.'.". In: Southern Africa Transport Conference. Pretoria, South Africa; 2014.
Dorothy McCormick. "Financing, Human Resources, Environment, and Markets of African Small Enterprise.". In: Literature Review. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1994. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick, Charles M. "Micro and Small Enterprise Labour: Job Quality in Garment and Metal Enterprises in Nairobi." African Journal of Business and Economic Research . 2007;2(1):12-39. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Africa Productive Capacity Initiative.". In: Africa Productive Capacity Initiative. Vienna: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 2003. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Enterprise Clusters in Africa: Linkages for Growth and Development.". In: Firm-Level Institutions in Small-Scale Garment Producers in Nairobi. Machakos.: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1999. Abstract

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Dorothy McCormick. "Small Enterprise Development: Problems, Policy, and Practice.". In: Fishing and Vehicle Repair in Kenya. Nairobi: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1996. Abstract

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Dorothy Syallow Masiga, Mukhovi MS, mwaura F. "Wildlife Population Change in Africa from the Eyes of the Public-The Case of Mara Enoonkishu Conservancy in Southern Kenya." Natural Resources. 2016;7:434-444.
DOSSA, S. C., ESSUMAN S, KAAYA GP. "Characterization of Amblyomma variegatum tick saliva and salivary gland antigens inducing anti-tick immunity in Boran cattle. ." International Journal of Acarology. 1998;24:149-157.
Dossaji SF, Bell EA. "Distribution of alpha-Amino-beta-Methylaminopropionic acid in Cycas." Phytochemistry. 1973;12:143-144. Abstract

alpha-Amino-beta-Methylaminopropionic acid, previously isolated from seeds of Cycas circinalis, has
now been identified either free or bound in all the other nine species of this genus.

Dossaji SF, Mabry TJ, Bell EA. "Biflavonoids of the Cycadales." Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 1975;2:171-175. Abstract

Biflavanoid patterns of leaves of 82 species of the order Cycadales comprising 3 families and 10
genera have been determined. The biflavanoidswere Identified byTLC, UV, NMR and MS studies. Pattern differences between species, when detected, involve the position or degree of methylation of the base compounds. On the other hand, differences in the biflavanoid patterns at the generic and family levels were sufficient to support taxonomic relationships. Thus, the absence of hinokiflavone and its derivatives clearly distinguish the Zamiaceae from the Cycadaceae and Stangeriaceae. The complete absence of biflavanoids in the latter family suggests an advanced evolutionary condition, but morphologically, this family has the most fern-like characters, and therefore has been considered by previous workers to be the most primitive of the cycads.

Dossaji SF, Kairu MG, Gondwe AT, Ouma JH. "On the evaluation of the molluscicidal properties of Polygonum senegalense." Lloydia (J. of Nat. Prod.). 1977;40(3):290-293.
Dossaji SF, Becker H. "HPLC-quantitative determination of valepopriates in Valeriana kilimandascharica,." Planta Medica . 1981;43(10):179-182. AbstractWebsite

Valepotriates, mainly isovaltrate and valtrate, have been separated and quantitatively estimated by reversed-phase HPLC in the leaves, flowers, stems and rhizomes of Valeriana kilimandascharica. The isovaltrate/valtrate concentration reaches a maximum of 5.89% in the leaves, 3.84% in the flowers, 3.17% in the stems and 5.15% in the rhizomes.

Dossaji SF, Bell EA, Wallace JW. "Biflavones of Dioon." Phytochemistry. 1973;12:371-373. Abstract

Abstract—Seven biflavones, amentoflavone, bilobetin, sequoiaflavone, ginkgetin, sciadopitysin, 7,4',7',4"-
tetra-O-methylamentoflavone, and diooflavone (amentoflavone hexamethyl ether), were identified from
extracts of the cycad genus Dioon. The biflavones were identified by direct comparison with authentic
samples using m.m.p., co-chromatography in 3 solvents, and NMR studies of the acetates. This is the first
time amentoflavone hexamethyl ether has been identified as a natural product. After surveying numerous
species of the Cycadales, no evidence could be obtained for the occurrence of biflavones glycosides or of biflavones base upon any other nucleus than apeginin.

Dossaji SF, Gitonga J, Bell EA. "Distribution and significance of amino acids in the leaves of Acacia and Crotalaria (Leguminosae)." Kenya J. of Science and Technology, 1, 19.. 1980;1:19-22. Abstract

Leaf extracts of 13 species of Acacia and 9 species of Crotalaria which are native to or estabhshed in Kenya were analysed by 2D paper chromatography and high voltage ionophoresis for their free protein and nonprotein amino acids. In addition to the presence of protein amino acids, both the genera contained nonprotein amino acids. Acacia species contained pipecolic acid, 4-OH pipecolic acid, 5-OH pipecolic
acid and homoarginine. They did not contain N-acetyldjenkolic which is found in the seeds of all but one of the species analysed. The leaf extracts of three species of Crotalaria contained the toxic amino acids, a-amino-p-oxalylaminopropionic acid and a-amino-y-oxalylaminobutyric acid.

Dossaji SF, Herbin GA. "Occurrence of Macrozamin in the seeds of Encephalatos Hildebrandtii." Federation Proceedings. 1972;31(5):1470-1472. Abstract

A water-soluble hepatotoxin has been isolated
f r om the seeds of Encephalartos hildebrandtii (Zamiaceae)
and identified as macrozamin, methylazoxymethanol-;8-
primeveroside (CH3N=NCH20CiiHi909). a-Amino-)3-methyli
O
aminopropionic acid ( C H j — N H — C H 2 —CHCNHO—COOH),
reported to be present i n the seeds of Cycas circinalis (Gycadaceae),
was not detected i n either the seeds of Encephalartos hildebrandtii or
the leaves of Cycoj thuarsii.

Dossaji SF, Mabry TJ, Wallace JW. "Chromatographic and UV-Visible spectral identification Biflavanoids." Rev. Latinomer Ouim... 1975;6:37-45. Abstract

Thin layer chromatography, coupled with UV-visible spectral data using various
diagnostic shift reagents, was used to differentiate between nineteen bioflavanoids which were
either unsubstituted, partially methylated, or fully methylated. These included biflavanoids of
the amentoflavone type (1-9), 2,3,Klihydroamentoflavone (12), hinokiflavone type (10-11),
2,3,-dihydrohinokiflavone (13), cupressuflavone type (14-16), agathisflavone type (17-18), and
morelloflavone (19).

Dossaji SF, Wrangham RW, Rodriguez E. "Selection of Plants with Medicinal Properties by Wild Chimpanzees." Fitoterepia. 1989;60(4):378-380. Abstract

In 1983 Wrangham and Nishida described an unusual feeding behavior in wild chimpanzees (Tan
troglodytes schweinfurthii) whereby the consumption of leaves of three species of Aspilia (Asteraceae) led them to suggest that such selection of certain plant species by the chimpanzees was for therapeutic purposes. In 1985 Rodriguez et al. confirmed that Aspilia mossambicensis and A pluriseta, which are also used medicinally by man, contain a potent antibiotic, thiarubrine A This important plant-primate interaction provided a new and valuable insight on how African primates select diets containing bioactive constitutents other than for nutritional benefits. Subsequent field studies in Africa have established that wild chimpanzees are using a variety of plant species as medicinal plants. These include Lippia, Hibiscus and Rubia. The significance of plant use by chimpanzees is discussed in this communicatio

Dossaji SF, Kubo I. "Quercetin 3-(2"-Galloyglucoside), a molluscicidal flavanoids form Polygonum senegalense:." Phytochemistry. 1980;19:482-483. Abstract

Valepotriates, mainly isovaltrate and valtrate, have been separated and quantitatively estimated by reversed-phase HPLC in the leaves, flowers, stems and rhizomes of Valeriana kilimandascharica. The isovaltrate/valtrate concentration reaches a maximum of 5.89% in the leaves, 3.84% in the flowers, 3.17% in the stems and 5.15% in the rhizomes.

Dossaji SF, Becker H, Exner J. "Flavone C-glycosides of Phorodendron tomentosum form different host trees,." Phytochemistry. 1983;22(1):311-312. Abstract

Apeginin, three known apigenin C-glycosides and isoschaftoside together with apeginin 4-O-glucoside have been identified in leaves of Phoradendron tomentosum growing on different hosts.

Dow TE;, Archer L;, Khasiani S;, Kekovole J. "Wealth flow and fertility decline in rural Kenya, 1981-92 .". 1994.Website
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Causes and Management of Errors in Surveying measurements and Computations. ." The Kenya Surveyor Journal. 2013;March 2013.
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Adjustments of the Wild A8. .". In: Department of Surveying; University of Nairobi. Nairobi.; 1972.
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "The Impacts of Poor Governance on Land Development Applications. The Case of City Council of Nairobi. .". In: 46th ISOCARP Congress on Sustainable City, Developing World. Nairobi.; 2010.
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "New Concepts on the Calibration of Comparators and Projection Instruments. Technical Paper, No. 3; .". In: Department of Surveying; University of Nairobi. Nairobi.; 1978.
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Application of Queuing Theory in Spatial Planning. The Case of Athi River Weigh Bridge." African Habitat Review.. 2010;4 ((2010) ).
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Mapping the Earth by Use of Artificial Satellites.". In: Department of Surveying; University of Nairobi. Nairobi.; 1972.
DR I, SE S, K K. "Outcome of childhood cataract surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital." East African journal of ophthalmology. 2008;14(1). Abstract

Objectives: To determine visual outcome, intraoperative and postoperative
complications due to childhood cataract surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital
(KNH).

Design: Retrospective study.

Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH)

Subjects: Records of 77 children with cataracts seen in KNH between 1995 and
2005 were reviewed; 8 patients were excluded. A total of 121 eyes analyzed
from 58 children with bilateral and 11 with unilateral cataracts. Information of
up to 6 months post-op was analyzed.

Results: The mean duration between the time when cataract was fi rst noted and
presentation at KNH was 6.4 months for congenital cataract and 35.7 months for
developmental cataract. In 28 eyes, primary IOL implantation was performed,
17 eyes had secondary IOL implantation and 76 eyes remained aphakic. There
was some improvement in visual acuity at 2 months after surgery compared
to the visual acuity at presentation (p<0.001). However, there was no further
improvement in visual acuity at 4 and 6 months after surgery (p=0.213 and
0.238 respectively). The main complications at 2, 4 and 6 months after surgery
were posterior capsular opacifi cation and updrawn pupil. PCO occurred in 41.4%
of the operated eyes; mainly in patients who had lens washout without anterior
vitrectomy.

Conclusion: The outcome of childhood cataract surgery at KNH was poor despite
low rate of complications occurring during surgery. The poor outcome was
attributed to late presentation, poor aphakic correction, development of PCO
and loss to follow up.

DR DAVIDNYIKA. "An Analysis of the Causes of Failures in the Implementation of Projects in Kenya. ." African Habitat Review.. 2012;6(2012).
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Variation of Coordinates Method in Geodetic Networks.". In: Department of Surveying; University of Nairobi. Nairobi.; 1972.
DR DAVIDNYIKA. "Analyses of the Dynamic Performance of Photogrammetric and Cartographic Plotting Systems. .". In: Department of Surveying; University of Nairobi. Nairobi.; 1986.
DR I, DG M. "Risk of developing neonatal conjunctivitis in newborns of mothers with prolonged labour." East African journal of ophthalmology. 2008;14(1). Abstract

Objective: To determine whether prolonged labour increased the rate of exposure
of the newborn eyes to maternal vaginal fl ora, and whether this exposure led to
higher risk of developing neonatal conjunctivitis.

Study design: cohort study

Settings: Kenyatta National hospital and Pumwani Maternity Hospital in Kenya
between August 2000 and March 2001.

Subjects: Fifty four cases of prolonged labour (PL) and 55 cases of controls
were studied. Conjunctival swabs were taken from all the newborns and high
vaginal swabs taken from every second mother. A case pair consisted of such
a pair where samples were taken from both the mother and her baby. 23 case
pairs of PL and 19 of controls were studied. This was done on average 24hrs
after delivery.

Results: Conjunctival swabs were positive in 63% of the prolonged labour (PL)
group compared to 51% of the control group (odds ratio 1.9; p-value 0.09). The
rate of transmission of vaginal fl ora to the eyes of the newborns was 57% in the
PL group compared to 40% in the controls (odds ratio 1.95; p value 0.27). The
longer, from birth, it took before taking the conjunctival swabs from the baby,
the higher was the likelihood of obtaining a positive culture (p-value 0.017 MW
test). The longer the duration of labour in the PL group, the higher the rate of
development of conjunctivitis (p-value 0.029 MW test). Staphylococcal aureus,
Staphylococcal epidermidis and E.coli were the three most common organisms
isolated in both groups.

Conclusion: Prolonged labour increased the rate of transmission of maternal
vaginal flora to the eyes of the newborns and to subsequent development of
neonatal conjunctivitis.

DR I, SS J, KHM K, MM K, UC S. "The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of s. aureus; an ocular normal fl ora." East African journal of ophthalmology . 2008;14(2). Abstract

Objective: To determine the changing of drug sensitivity patterns for s. aureas
as the second commonest bacteria of the conjunctival normal fl ora in Nairobi,
Kenya

Design: Descriptive retrospective study

Setting: University of Nairobi, Department of Ophthalmology and Kikuyu Eye Unit
Subjects: 37 (28%) asymptomatic volunteers at KNH and KEU with no signs of
ocular infections or ocular surface abnormalities from January 1994 to December
1997 were selected.

Results: A total of 37 cases were tested positive for S. aureus. The micro
organism showed high resistance to amoxtcillin, aminoglycosides, 1st and 2nd
generation Flouroquinolones except Ofl oxacin and tetracycline. It was sensitive
to carbenocillin, polymyxin B and chloramphenocol and highly sensitive to
Cephalexin and ciprofl oxacin.

Conclusion: The percentage of positive fi nding of S. aureus of the conjunctival
normal flora is comparable to that in other regions of the world. We found a high
resistance to most of the commonly locally prescribed antibiotics.

Dr Gathece LW. Impact of health education on oral heal threlated Quality of life of people living with Hiv/aids in nairobi..; 2011. Abstract

background Oraldiseases and conditions affect every race worldwide. The prevalence of the
twomajor oral diseases namely periodontal diseases and dental caries has been
foundto vary from region to region among the general population. Studies have
found that the prevalence and severity of these diseases and other oral
conditionsis higher among People Living with the Acquired Immuno-Deficiency
Syndrome (PLWHA) than HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) seronegative
persons.The PLWHA also tend to suffer from other types of oral diseases which
are either very rare or do not occur in the oral cavity among seronegative
individuals. Studies have found to a large extent, that oral diseases can be
effectively prevented by oral health education among the general population.
However, the impact of oral health education on oral diseases and conditions
amongPLWHA is unknown in Kenya.
Objective
To determine the impact of oral health education on the oral health status and
Oral Health-Related quality (OHRQoL) of life among PLWHA.
Study Design: This was a quasi-experimental study
Study sites: The study was conducted at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH)
(intervention group) and Mbagathi District Hospital (MDH) (non-intervention
group) Comprehensive Care Centers (CCC).

DR GITAU WILSON, DR OLUDHE CHRISTOPHER, PROF OGALLO LABAN, MR ATHERU ZACHARY, MR AMBENJE PETER. "[Regional Climates] Eastern Africa [in "State of the Climate in 2011"]." Bulletin of America Meteorological Society. 2012;93(7):S180-S182.
DR GITAU WILSON, PROF OGALLO LABAN, PROF CAMBERLIN PIERRE, DR OKOOLA RAPHAEL. "Spatial coherence and potential predictability assessment of intraseasonal statistics of wet and dry spells over Equatorial Eastern Africa." International Journal of Climatology. 2013;33(12):2690-2705.Abstract weblink
Dr Karimi PN. Etiology, Risk Factors And Management Of Infectious Diarrhoea In Children At Kenyatta National Hospital.; 2010. Abstract

Background: Infectious diarrhea is a common cause of mortality and morbidity in developing countries.
World Health Organization attributes 3.5 million deaths a year to diarrhea, with 80 percent of these deaths
occurring in children under the age of five, and most occurring in children between six months and three
years of age. The predisposing factors are mainly due to poor hygiene and most of the cases can be
treated using drugs and supportive measures. Prevention is the main intervention strategy used to prevent
this disease.
Objective: The main objective was to assess the factors that predispose children to diarrhea. The specific
factors assessed were prevalence of bacteria, protozoa, and helminthes, antimicrobial susceptibility of
bacteria, risk factors and management of diarrhea.
Methods: A cross section research design was used and target population was children suffering from
diarrhea and accompanied by their guardians who visited KNH to seek treatment. Three hundred and
eighty four children were selected for the study using simple random sampling. Data was collected using a
questionnaire and stool specimens analyzed in microbiology and parasitology laboratories of Kenyatta
National Hospital. The analysis of data was done using SPSS and data summarized in tables and charts.
Both inferential and descriptive statistics were derived using chi square and confidence intervals.
Results: Majority of the children were between 6-12 months of age and there were more males than
females. The average duration of diarrhea was 4.55 days and majority had suffered from the disease
before. Most of the parents had a certain level of formal education. The fathers had a source of income but
most of the mothers were either self employed or not employed at all. Tap water and toilet facilities were
available to most families and about half of the children had malnutrition.
No organisms were found from the stools of 80.2% of the children. The pathogens isolated were Giardia
lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, Balantidium coli, Cryptosporidium petvum, Entamoeba coli, Blastocystis
hominis, Endolimax nana, Chilomastix mesnili, Trichiuris trichiura, Salmonella typhi and Salmonella
paratyphi. Bacteria isolated were sensitive to Ciprofioxacin and Levofioxacin but resisted most of the other
drugs tested.
xu
The risks found to be associated with diarrhea were overcrowding, inadequate hand washing methods,
mixed feeding, none or low level of education of the mother and administration of antibiotics. Majority of the
children had concurrent illnesses and the most common were pneumonia, meningitis, malaria, rickets and
malnutrition. Drugs were mainly prescribed to treat concurrent diseases. The most commonly prescribed
drugs were Zinc Sulphate, Paracetamol, Benzyl penicillin G, Gentamicin, Metronidazole, Multivitamin, Coamoxiclav,
Cefuroxime and Calcimax. ORS was most frequently used fluid and the intravenous ones
included Ringers lactate, Darrows solution, 5% Detrose, Hartmans solution, normal saline and Rehydration
salt for the malnourished.
Conclusion
Only a small proportion of diarrhea in children was caused by intestinal protozoa, helminthes or bacteria.
Majority of the cases occurred during weaning and rehydration was the comerstone of diarrhea
management Most of the drugs used were mainly for treating concurrent illnesses.
Recommendation
Mothers should be taught how to wean children especially on the type of food to use. They should also be
educated on proper hygienic practices especially washing of hands. Bottle feeding should be discouraged
and rational use of antibiotics encouraged

Dr Kayima JK. Platelet functions, plasma fibrinolytic activity And coagulation screen findings in africans with nephrotic syndrome without uraemia, as seen at the kenyatta national hospital (kne.; 1981. Abstract

In a nine months period,from March 1987 to November

1987, inc1usiv€, studies on p1ac21et functions, pla$ma fibrinolytic activity and coagulation screen were carried out in 40 patients (30 males and 10 females) with the nephrotic syndrome and 40 matches controls at the Kenyatta
National Hospital. The age range was S-Sl years, mean + SD

20.5+11.6.

patients had unchanged platelet counts and clot retraction compared to controls (p>O.OS), whereas platelet adhesiveness and platelet agg~egation to adenosine diphosphate U",DP) were significantly reduced among patients (P0.05) as well as between plasma fibrinogen concentration and total cholesterol (r=0.25, P>0.05).
It is concluded that our patients have a degree of hype-rcoagulability. Whether the factors for and against hypercoagulabiJ .ity compensate f cr each other in the causation of complications need to be verified. A larger populatibn and more detailed haemostatic study will in future be needed to cover more nephrotic patients in different areas of the country. It is also necessary to folIo w up ou r pat ient s f or complicat ions resul ting from
this hypercoagulable state, like thromboembolic events and

is.c!haemic heart diseas.e to find ou.t.. their pre...lence .

and

contr.ibutionto morbidity and mortality among Africans with

nephrotic syndrome.

DR Oduor RMJ. "Identity.Politics.in.the.Twenty-first.Century:. A.Kenyan.Perspective." Identity.Politics.in.the.Twenty-first.CA.Kenyan.Perspective. . Reginald.M.J..Oduor. (Universität.Nairobi,.Kenia). 2014.rmj_oduor_identity_politics_in_the_twenty-first_century_a_kenyan_perspective_abstract_free_university_berlin_2014.pdf
DR OLUDHE CHRISTOPHER, PROF OGALLO LABAN, MR AMBENJE PETER, MR ATHERU ZACHARY, DR GITAU WILSON. "[Regional Climates] Eastern Africa [in "State of the Climate in 2010"]." Bulletin of America Meteorological Society. 2011;92(6):S194-S196.
Dr Onyambu C.K, Dr Mzumara S.S DKNM. "EVALUATING CHAMBERLAIN’S, McGREGOR’S, AND McRAE’S SKULL-BASE." East African Medical Journal. 2012;89(8):272-277.
Dr Onyambu C.K DWMN. "PATTERN OF INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASE AS SEEN BY HIGH RESOLUTION." East African Medical Journal. 2012;89(9):285-293.
DR. PIERRE-CAMBERLIN, DR. VINCENT-MORON, DR. RAPHAEL-OKOOLA, DR. NATHALIE-PHILIPHON, MR. WILSON-GITAU. "Components of rainy seasons variability in Equatorial East Africa: Onset, cessation, rainfall frequency and intensity." Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 2009;98(3-4):237-249.Weblink
DR. WILSON-GITAU, PROF. LABAN-OGALLO, DR. JOSEPH-MUTEMI. "Intraseasonal characteristics of wet and dry spells over Kenya." Journal of Meteorology and Related Sciences. 2008;2(1):18-28.Weblink
DR. FAITH-GITHUI, MR. WILSON-GITAU, PROF. WILLY-BAUMENS, PROF. FRANCIS-MUTUA. "Climate change impact on SWAT simulated streamflow in Western Kenya." International Journal of Climatology. 2008;29(12):1823-1834.Weblink
DR. CHRISTOPHER-OLUDHE, PROF. LABAN-OGALLO, MR. PETER-AMBENJE, MR. ZACHARY-ATHERU, MR. WILSON-GITAU. "[Regional Climates] Eastern Africa [in "State of the Climate in 2009"]." Bulletin of America Meteorological Society. 2010;91(7):S154-S156.
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M. W. Akunda. Notes on theory of distribution and inferences in statistics for statistics in Agriculture climatology.". In: (SAIC . Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M. W. Akunda, S. K. Imbamba and D. Kumar. High density plantings of coffee II. Adaptive changes in some plant characteristics.". In: E. Afri. Agri. For. J. (1979) 45(2) 133 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1973. Abstract
n/a
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M.W Akunda. Some aspect of logical way of studying dinitrogen fixation in an agroforestry context for improving food production.". In: The journal of Food technology in Africa. Vol. 6 No. 2, 68 . Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "C.L. Coulson, C. J Stigter, E. M. W. Akunda and E. Floor .". In: Trop. Agri.Vol. 65 No. 4. Kisipan, M.L.; 1988. Abstract
n/a
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "Information seminar proposal on EARUP organizational framework implementation, protocol, interventions,.". In: financial needs communicative channels and management plans. (2001) 25p. Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "Duirnal course of light interception by a groundnut crop in association with maize.". In: MIRCEN journal (1985) p. 4445 4454. Kisipan, M.L.; 1985. Abstract
n/a
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M.W Akunda. Crop yields of sorghum and soybean in an intercrop.". In: The journal of Food technology in Africa. Vol. 6 No. 1, 2 . Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M.W Akunda and D. Kumar. Studies with antitranspiratis on coffee. (Coffee Arabic L.).". In: E. Afr. Agric. For. J. 45(3) 230 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1980. Abstract
n/a
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M. W. Akunda. Influence of plant population on growth .". In: Paper presented at the MICREN BOARD MEETING, LILONGWE . Kisipan, M.L.; 1983. Abstract
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DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "T. Darnhofer, D. Gatama, P. A. Huxley and E. M. W. Akunda. The rainfall distribution at a tree/crop interface.". In: In: Meteorology and Agroforestry. (1987). p. 371 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1987. Abstract
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DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M.W Akunda. Improving Food Production by Understanding the effects of intercropping and plant population on soybean nitrogen fixing attributes.". In: The journal of Food technology in Africa. Vol. 6 No. 4, 110 . Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M.W Akunda. Inter cropping and population density effects on yield component, seed quality and photosynthesis of sorgum and soybean.". In: The journal of Food technology in Africa. Vol. 6 No. 3, 96 . Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M. W. Akunda, S. K. Imbamba and D. Kumar. Responses of coffee Arabia to pruning in Kenya.". In: Journal of science and technology (B) (1982) 3: 83 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1982. Abstract
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DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "P. A. Oduol and E. M. W. Akunda. Tropical rainforest tree species with Agroforesty potential.". In: In: trees for development in sub-Saharan Africa. (1989) p. 49 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1989. Abstract
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DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE, DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Giller, K.E.,B.Anyango, J.L. Beynon and K.J.Wilson (1994). The origin and diversity of rhizobia nodulating Phaseolus vulgaris L . in African soils p.57-62. In J.I. Sprent and D. Mckey (ed), Advances in Legume systematics 5: The Nitrogen Factor. Royal Bota.". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1994. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Birch A.N.E., Wheatley R.., Anyango B., Arpaia S., Capalbo D., Getu E. Degaga, Fontes E., Kalama P., Lelmen E., Lovei G., Melo I. S., Munyekho F., Ngi-Song A., Ochieno D., Ogwang J., Pitelli R.., Shuler T., Setamou M., Sithanantham S., Smith J., Van Son N.". In: Vol. 1. Study of Bt Maize in Kenya . CAB International, Wallingford , UK . El-Banhawy, E. M.; 2004. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Giller, K.E., Anyango, B., Beynon J. and Wilson K.J. (1992). Using Molecular tools to study the Ecology of Tropical Rhizobia. J. Sci. Food Agri . 60: 394.". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1992. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Anyango B., Wilson K. J. and Giller K. (1998). Competition in Kenyan soils between Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli strain Kim5 and R. tropici strain CIAT 899 using gus marker gene. Plant and Soil 204: 69-78.". In: Plant and Soil 204: 69-78. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1998. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "L.C.Me.ndoca Haggler, I.S. de Melo, M.C.Valadares-Inglis,B..Anyango,J.O.Sequeira,Pham Van Toan and R.E.Wheatly.( 2006) Non Target and Biodiversity Impacts in Soil. In. .A.Hilbeck , D.A. Andow. And E.M.G.Fontes.(eds.". In: Published by the Democratization and Research Centre, Rome, Vol. 27, No. 3, March. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 2006. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Enviromental Risk Assesment of Genetically Modified Organisms.Vol. 2. Methodologies for Assesing Bt.Cotton in Brazil .. CAB International, Wallingford , UK .". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; Submitted. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Anyango B., Giller K., Wilson K.J. and Beynon J.L. (1995). The genetic diversity of rhizobia nodulating Phaseolus vulgaris in two Kenya soil types. Applied and Env. Microb. 61 : 4016-4021.". In: Applied and Env. Microb. 61 : 4016-4021. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1995. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Anyango B., Keya,S.O and Owino F .(2005) Occurrence of nodulation in leguminous trees in Kenya .". In: Journal of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology.Vol.1(1) pp.21-26. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 2005. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
DR. CHUAH(MRS) MINSHING. "Pocs, T. T, Pocs, S., Chuah-Petiot, M.S., Malombe, I. & S. Masinde. 2007. East African Bryophytes. XXIV. Records from the dry lands of Kenya, with a description of Didymodon revolutus var. nov. africanus (Pottiaceae). Lindbergia 32: 33-39.". In: Poumon Coeur. 1983;39(3):159-62. uon press; 2007. Abstract
Pneumatocele, a special form of lung injury, is characterized by intrathoracic images of cavities detected on X-ray films. These cavities develop immediately after a trauma of the thorax, disappear rapidly and have a relatively favourable outcome.
DR. CHUAH(MRS) MINSHING. "Ah-Peng, C., Chuah-Petiot, M.S., Bardat, J., Stamenoff, P., Descamps-Julien, B. & D. Strasberg. Bryological diversity and distribution along an altitudinal gradient on a lava flow of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion island. Diversity and Distrib.". In: Poumon Coeur. 1983;39(3):159-62. uon press; 2007. Abstract
Pneumatocele, a special form of lung injury, is characterized by intrathoracic images of cavities detected on X-ray films. These cavities develop immediately after a trauma of the thorax, disappear rapidly and have a relatively favourable outcome.
Dr. Derese S, Omosa LK, Midiwo JO, Yenesew A, Peter MG, Heydenreich. M. "neo-Clerodane diterpenoids from the leaf exudate of Dodonaea angustifolia.". 2010. Abstractneo-Clerodane diterpenoids from the leaf exudate of Dodonaea angustifolia

Phytochemical investigation of the leaf surface exudate of Dodonaea angustifolia L.f. yielded two new neo-clerodane diterpenes, neo-clerodan-3,13-dien-16,15:18,19-diolide (mkapwanin) and 15-methoxy-neo-clerodan-3,13-dien-16,15:18,19-diolide (15-methoxymkapwanin). In addition, ten known compounds were identified. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. This additional chemical information could contribute towards solving the taxonomical controversy that exists between Dodonaea angustifolia and Dodonaea viscosa Jacq., which are morphologically similar

DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Studies on Digestive Proteases from Mid-gut Glands of a Shrimp, Penaeus indicus and a Lobster, Nephrops norvegicus. Part I. Proteolytic activity. .Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Part A: Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology. Vol. 90, No. 2, p. 137-.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2001.
DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Water Quality parameters in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and catfish (Clarias gariepinus) polyculture in central Kenya. J. Aqua. Trop., 20(2), 159-174.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2006.
DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "A Partial Economic Analysis for Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. and Sharptoothed Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Polyculture in Central Kenya. Aquaculture Research 32, 1-9.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2001.
DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Digestive Endo-proteases from the Midgut Glands of the Indian White Shrimp, Penaeus indicus (Decapoda:Penaeidae) from Kenya. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science. 4(1),109-121.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2005.
DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Studies on Digestive Enzymes from the Hepatopancreas of the Indian White Shrimp, Penaeus indicus. Department of Biological Sciences.". In: Grahamstown, South Africa. World Aquaculture Society; 1995. Abstract

Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK. 256p.

DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Heavy Metals in Sediments from Makupa and Port-Reitz Creek Systems: Kenyan Coast. Environment International 28, 639-647.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2003.
DR. JAMES JAMESGORDON. "Digestive Exo-proteases from the Midgut Glands of the Indian White Shrimp, Penaeus indicus (Decapoda: Penaeidae) from Kenya. World Aquaculture 136 (3),.". In: ENRECA Livestock Helminths Research Project in Eastern & Southern Africa, Nairobi - Kenya, 3rd - 5th May, 2001. World Aquaculture Society; 2007.
Dr. Juliet Gathoni Muiga PRWR. "Drivers of Gated Community Developments in Urban Areas (Case Study: Nairobi, Kenya)." International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development -IJAUD. 2017;Volume 7(Issue 4):Pages 5-18.
DR. JUMBA MIRIAMM. "An Entomopathogenic Coenorhabditis briggsae E. Eyualem Abebe, Miriam Jumba, Kaitlin Bonner, Vince Gray, Krystalynne Morris and W. Kelley Thomas.". In: The Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 3223 . . The Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 3223 ; 2010.
DR. JUMBA MIRIAMM. "Genetically Modified Organisms .". In: The Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 3223 . ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2009. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "Potential for Melia volkensii fruit extract in the control of locusts.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 1997. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Fruits from the East African tree, Melia volkensii (Gurke) contain terpenoid compounds with well-established insecticidal activity. At high doses a concentrated M. volkensii extract (Mv) causes death or lack of physical fitness in locusts by irreversible paralysis of the locust skeletal muscles, without affecting the maliphigian tubules or the pulsation of the dorsal heart. This effect is temperature related, with lower doses becoming more effective as the temperature increases. This action favours Mv toxicity againstlocusts in hot desert areas. Mammalian toxicological studies showed that Mv does not present any acute or chronic toxicity effects when orally administered to laboratory mice. It was thus not possible to establish an oral LD so for the product in mice. Mv production in bulk and shelf-life are discussed with a view to demonstrating its advantages as a possible locust control product.
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "EFFECT OF POST-TREATMENT TEMPERATURE ON THE INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY OF MELIA VOLKENSII GURKE) FRUIT EXTRACT AGAINST THE AFRICAN MIGRATORY LOCUST LOCUSTA MIGRATORIA (REICHE & FAIRMAIRE).". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 2002. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} The influence of post- treatment temperature on the insecticidal activity of Melia volkensii (Gurke) fruit extract against the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria (Reiche & Fairmaire) is reported. In laboratory tests conducted Oil adult locusts, the toxicity of crude 80% methanol extracts of M. volkensii fruit increased by more than 20-fold when the post-treatment temperature was raised from 1S"C to 40"C. This temperature-dependent toxicity was observed in insects treated either topically or via injection. This phenomenon could partly explain the wide variability in efficacy of M. volkensii fruit extracts reported by different investigators.  
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "Two unusual rotenoid derivatives, 7a-O-methyl-12a-hydroxydeguelol and spiro-13-homo-13-oxaelliptone, from the seeds of Derris trifoliata.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 2006. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} The crude methanol extract of the seeds of Derris trifoliata showed potent and dose dependent larvicidal activity against the 2nd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti. From this extract two unusual rotenoid derivatives, a rotenoloid (named 7a-O-methyl-12a-hydroxydeguelol) and a spirohomooxarotenoid (named spiro-13-homo-13-oxaelliptone), were isolated and characterised. In addition a rare natural chromanone (6,7-dimethoxy-4-chromanone) and the known rotenoids rotenone, tephrosin and dehydrodeguelin were identified. The structures were assigned on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. The larvicidal activity of the crude extract is mainly due to rotenone.
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "GENERAL TOXICITY TESTS on INDIGENOUS VEGETABLES.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 1998. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} GENERAL TOXICITY TESTS on INDIGENOUS VEGETABLES REPORT By J.M. Kabaru
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "7a-O-methyldequelol, a modified rotenoid with an open ring-C from the roots of derris trifolianta Phytochemistry, Vol. 66, 653-657.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 2005. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} The crude methanol extract of the seeds of Derris trifoliata showed potent and dose dependent larvicidal activity against the 2nd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti. From this extract two unusual rotenoid derivatives, a rotenoloid (named 7a-O-methyl-12a-hydroxydeguelol) and a spirohomooxarotenoid (named spiro-13-homo-13-oxaelliptone), were isolated and characterised. In addition a rare natural chromanone (6,7-dimethoxy-4-chromanone) and the known rotenoids rotenone, tephrosin and dehydrodeguelin were identified. The structures were assigned on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. The larvicidal activity of the crude extract is mainly due to rotenone.
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "A REPORT FOR THE INSTITUTE OF PRIMATE RESEARCH.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 1997. Abstract
v:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} o:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} w:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} .shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);} Normal 0 false false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} A REPORT FOR THE INSTITUTE OF PRIMATE RESEARCH                   RICHARD W. MWANGI Ph.D EGERTON UNIVERSITY RESEARCH & EXTENSION DIVISION P.O. BOX 536 NJORO !- 1- BY "   AND J.M. KABARlJ Ph.D tJNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY P.O. BOX 30197 NAIROBI FEBRlJARY, 1997
DR. KABARU JACQUESM. "7a-O-methyldeguelol, a modified rotenoid with an open ring-C, from the roots of Derris trifoliata.". In: Massachusetts. CABI. Pp 209. African Meteorological Society; 2005. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} From the acetone extract of the roots of Derris trifoliata an isofiavonoid derivative, named 7a-O-methyldeguelol, a modified rotenoid with an open ring-C, representing a new sub-class of isofiavonoids (the sub-class is here named as rotenoloid), was isolated and characterised. In addition, the known rotenoids, rotenone, deguelin and toxicarol, were identified. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Rotenone and deguelin were identified as the larvicidal principles of the acetone extract of the roots of Derris trifoliata.
DR. KAMAU FRANCON, DR. KAMAU FRANCON. "F.N. Kamau, H.K. Chepkwony, J.N. Ngugi, E. Roets and J. Hoogmartens (2002). Isocratic Liquid Chromatographic Method for the Analysis of Azithromycin and its Structurally Related Substances in Bulk Samples. J. Chromat. Sci.; 40, 529-533.". In: J. Chromat. Sci.; 40, 529-533. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2002. Abstract
An isocratic liquid chromatographic method with UV detection at 215 nm, which is suitable for the analysis of azithromycin (AZT) in bulk samples, is described. AZT is separated from its synthesis intermediates and a degradation product as well as from six unknown impurities on an XTerra RP18 column at 70 degrees C using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-pH 6.5 0.2M K2HPO4-water (35:10:55, v/v/v) at 1.0 mL/min. The XTerra stationary phase contains methyl groups that are incorporated in the bulk structure of the material. This allows for special selectivities. Robustness is evaluated by a full factorial design experiment. The method shows good selectivity, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity.
DR. KAMAU FRANCON. "H.K. Chepkwony, N. Mwaura, E. Guantai, E. Gathoni, F.N. Kamau, E. Mbae, G. Wang.". In: Paper presented to The 6th Annual Conference of the International society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 10-12 March 2000, Nairobi. Kenya. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2007. Abstract
An Instructional Manual for teaching African Philosophy to second year students in the department of philosophy, University of Nairobi
DR. KAMAU FRANCON, DR. KAMAU FRANCON. "F.N. Kamau, I.O. Kibwage, G. Muriuki, A.N. Guantai, J. Hoogmartens, E. Roets, C. Govaerts, H. Chepkwony And R. Busson.Estrogenic and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of a Steroidal Indoxyl. East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. 5:44-48.". In: J. Chromat. Sci.; 40, 529-533. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2002. Abstract
An isocratic liquid chromatographic method with UV detection at 215 nm, which is suitable for the analysis of azithromycin (AZT) in bulk samples, is described. AZT is separated from its synthesis intermediates and a degradation product as well as from six unknown impurities on an XTerra RP18 column at 70 degrees C using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-pH 6.5 0.2M K2HPO4-water (35:10:55, v/v/v) at 1.0 mL/min. The XTerra stationary phase contains methyl groups that are incorporated in the bulk structure of the material. This allows for special selectivities. Robustness is evaluated by a full factorial design experiment. The method shows good selectivity, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity.
DR. KAMAU FRANCON, DR. KAMAU FRANCON. "F.N. Kamau, I.O. Kibwage, A.N. Guantai, G. Muriuki and R. Munenge. Anti-inflammatory and Anti-diarrhoeal Activities of a Steroidal Indoxyl. East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. 6(2): 26-29.". In: Paper presented to The 6th Annual Conference of the International society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 10-12 March 2000, Nairobi. Kenya. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2003. Abstract
An Instructional Manual for teaching African Philosophy to second year students in the department of philosophy, University of Nairobi
DR. KAMAU FRANCON, DR. KAMAU FRANCON. "F.N. Kamau, G.N. Thoithi, J.K. Ngugi, O.K. Kingondu and I.O. Kibwage. Quality of Amoxycillin preparations on the Kenyan market. East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. 6: 57-60.". In: Paper presented to The 6th Annual Conference of the International society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 10-12 March 2000, Nairobi. Kenya. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2003. Abstract
An Instructional Manual for teaching African Philosophy to second year students in the department of philosophy, University of Nairobi
Dr. Kamenju J. https://mukuyu.wordpress.com.; 2011.
Dr. Kamenju J. https://mukuyu.wordpress.com.; 2019.
Dr. Laban Shihembetsa EM. "Application of Brick as a Building Material for Low Cost Housing in Hot and Dry Climates." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, . 2018;Volume 8, (Issue 9, September 2018 (619-623). ISSN: 2250-3153.).
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Lukhoba, C., 2000. Medicinal plants: Their role and future. First Symposium on EastAfrica in Transition: Communities, Cultures and Change, 4th-7th July 2000, Nairobi.". In: First Symposium on EastAfrica in Transition: Communities, Cultures and Change, 4th-7th July 2000, Nairobi.; 2000.
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Lukhoba C.W. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the genera Ocimum L. and Plectranthus L.". In: Ph. D. Thesis, University of Nairobi.; 2001. Abstract

Ocimum L. and Plectranthus L'Hér. are cosmopolitan genera in the tribe Nepeteoideae in the family Labiatae Juss. The accumulation of essential oils in their flower and foliage has contributed to their prominence and popularity in traditional and conventional medicine, in cosmetology and perfumery, in the food industry as preservatives and spices, and more recently in the manufacturing industry as ingredients for pesticides, plastics, paints, etc.

The taxonomic aspect of the group has lagged well behind the economic one. The latest world- wide account of the two genera was by Briquet (1895-7), more than 100 years ago. In both these taxa, the taxonomic delimitation has been inadequate, the major problem being the continuous nature of the variation of characters particularly the morphological ones, which results in difficulties in circumscription of species. To further complicate the situation, Ocimum species tend to hybridize readily and undergo polymorphism. Morphological characters have proved to be inadequate in delimitation of the genera. It is therefore imminent that other criteria be investigated to substitute or corroborate the morphological ones in the delimitation of these two genera.
The major aim of this project was therefore to find novel morphological characters or novel combinations of already known characters and the value of new criteria from phytochemical data and anatomy to augment the morphological data in the delimitation of Ocimum and Plectranthus. Field and herbarium collections were used in this study. Gas-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (GLC/MS) on the essential oils from field samples were conducted in the chemotaxonomic study while the surface anatomical characters of Plectranthus were analyzed using the scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the revision of Ocimum, new morphological characters have been identified that can differentiate between sections and even between species, for instance, in the dendrite-haired species of subsection Gratissima, O. cufodontii and O. jamesii have n-shaped while O. spicatum have bowl-shaped anthers. Morphological features separating O. basilicum and O. americanum were established. In Plectranthus, three new species namely, P. agnewii C. Lukhoba & A. Paton, P. xylopodus C. Lukhoba & A. Paton sp. nov. and P. kwalensis C. Lukhoba & J. Kokwaro as well as the varieties P. barbatus var. glabricalyx C. Lukhoba & J. Kokwaro and P. edulis var. longiflora C. Lukhoba & J. Kokwaro have been described. One name change, P. igniarius var. verdcourtii C. Lukhoba & J. Kokwaro formerly P. igniarius var. grandicalyx) has been made. The chemical analysis conducted on four Ocimum and eleven Plectranthus species revealed the presence of numerous essential oil constituents. Some compounds were species-specific, some genera-specific while others were common to both genera thus can be of taxonomic value. The species O. basilicum, O. kilimandscharicum and O. kenyense clustered together in the cluster analysis. These three species have traditionally been grouped together in the section Ocimum. O. gratissimum showed greater affinity to Plectranthus than to Ocimum. The Plectranthus species came out as one homogenous group with two subgroups. The anatomical analysis of Plectranthus showed the indumentum to have a large number of sessile glands (peltate, gland dots), some capitate glands and numerous multi-cellular eglandular hairs. The viscid species P. kamerunensis and P. agnewii had the highest number of capitate glands. The presence, structure and nature of the stomata and glands were of taxonomic importance. Seven species had amphistomatic stomata and another seven species had stomata on the stems. The stratification of the leaf and stem surfaces was also found to be taxonomically significant. Cluster analysis showed that members of subgenus Calceolanthus clustered together into one group. They were also distinct from subgenus Plectranthus. A key based on these anatomical characters was drawn up to identify species in Plectranthus. Ethnomedicinal data revealed that Ocimum and Plectranthus species are popularly used to cure or alleviate gastro-intestinal, febrile, respiratory and skin conditions. Four species namely, O. basilicum, O. kilimandscharicum, O. gratissimum and P. barbatus showed high potential for further pharmacological evaluation, and for incorporation into local health care systems. This data also revealed that the medicinal species in the two genera are greatly affected by the current degradation of the environment. Thus propagation of the potentially medicinal ones was recommended. It is recommended that future taxonomic revisions of the two genera should include chemotaxonomic and anatomical data as they have proved to be promising criteria. Members of the two genera that have substantial amounts of essential oils can be commercially utilized in industry. The promising medicinal Ocimum and Plectranthus species can be incorporated into the primary health care systems. It is hoped that the new criteria used in this study will be relevant for the on-going revision of the family Labiatae for the Flora of Tropical East Africa.

DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Siboe, G.M. and Lukhoba, C.W., 1998. Plant disease data in planning for sustainable use of African mountain forest resources: Problems and opportunities. In: Francis G. Ojany (ed.), African Mountains and Highlands: Planning for Sustainable Use of Mountain.". In: In: Francis G. Ojany (Ed.),African Mountains and Highlands: Planning for Sustainable Use of Mountain Resources, The United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.; 1998.
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Lukhoba C.W. and Midiwo, J.O. 2001. Kenyan aromatic plants with a potential for economic utilization. First National Workshop On Medicinal, Aromatic and Other Under-utilised Plant Species in Kenya, 29th October- 3rd November, 2001.". In: First National Workshop On Medicinal, Aromatic and Other Under-utilised Plant Species in Kenya, 29th October- 3rd November, 2001.; 2001.
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Lukhoba, C and Siboe G., 2008. Ethnobotanical data in the search and identification of drug plants. East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 11: 43-48.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.; 2008. Abstract
Traditional medicine has utilized plants to palliate, cure and/or prevent diseases in both humans and animals. The acquisition of knowledge has been through trial and error, and observation. Today, the enhanced search for botanical drugs throughout the world has increased the need for accurate means of identifying plants with possible pharmacological and biological activity. A number of methodologies have been used in selecting plants likely to possess pharmacological properties, but many have recorded low success rates. Data reported in this paper reveal that the accuracy of identification of these herbal drugs for pertinent ailments using ethnobotanical data is almost as accurate as techniques applied in modern medical practice. This paper discusses the value of ethno-botanical data in the preliminary search for potential drug plants Key words: Ocimum, Plectranthus, ethnobotany, medicinal plants.
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Githinji, C.W and Kokwaro, J.O., 1993. Ethnomedicinal study of major species in the family Labiatae from Kenya, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 39:197-203.". In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 39:197-203.; 1993. Abstract
ABSTRACT The family Labiatae, commonly called the mint family, is one of the flowering group of plants that has been found to have great medicinal potential. In this study, at least twenty-eight (28) indigenous species which are popular among Kenyan herbalists have been collected from the Rift Valley and central parts of Kenya. Preliminary chemical analysis of the Ocimum genus has revealed several different components of essential oils. There is evidence that further and more intensive research on the medicinal aspects of the family is called for.
DR. LUKHOBA CATHERINEW. "Lukhoba, C. & Paton, A.J., 2000. Two new species of Plectranthus L.". In: Kew Bulletin, 55 (4): 957-964.; 2000.

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