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Ikamari, L, Agwanda A, A K.  2020.  Family Demography and Post-2015 Development Agenda in Africa.
V, O, A A, A K.  2020.  Fertility transition in selected sub-Saharan African countries: the role of family planning programs . F1000Research. 8(1748) AbstractWebsite

Change in fertility rate across societies is a complex process that involves changes in the demand for children, the diffusion of new attitudes about family planning and greater accessibility to contraception. Scholars have concentrated on a range of factors associated with fertility majorly at the national scale. However, considerably less attention has been paid to fertility preference - a pathway through which various variables act on fertility. It is understood that women have inherent fertility preferences which each they seek to achieve over her reproductive cycle. However, the service delivery enhancement levels and capacity across countries as integral pathways to this goal accomplishment stand on their way towards eventual outcomes. Precisely, the Sub-Saharan African countries’ disparities amid similarities in their population policies is a cause of concern.

Muyonga, M, Odipo G, Agwanda ALO, A K.  2020.  Interlinkages between Migration and Inequality in Africa: Review of Contemporary Studies. African Human Mobility Review . 6(1):6-26.
W, K, A A, A K.  2020.  Trends and determinants of contraceptive method choice among women aged 15-24 years in Kenya. F1000Research . 9(197) AbstractWebsite

Studies show a gap in addressing the reproductive health goals of younger women whose inconsistent use of contraception is high in spite of their great need for it. The women aged 15-24 present high potential for unintended pregnancy and increase the challenge for retention of users which is key in maintaining and pushing up the current gains in contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR)

V, O, Otieno A, A K.  2020.  Trends in fertility preference implementation among selected Eastern African countries. F1000Research 2020. 9(79) AbstractWebsite

There has been continuous debate among scholars regarding fertility transition in Africa. Two conclusions emerge: slow pace of decline because of weak facilitating social programs and high demand for large families amidst weak family planning programs. Accelerated fertility decline is expected to occur if there is both substantial decline in desired fertility and increased level of preference implementation. Despite these conclusions, there are also emergent exceptions in Africa, even among the Eastern African countries. Our motivation for the study of this region therefore lies in this context. First, the East African countries share some similarities in policy framework. Secondly, Rwanda and Kenya appear as exceptional in the drive towards accelerating further fertility decline. Fertility change therefore in any one country may have implications in the neighbouring country due to the commonalities especially in language, cultural traits, diffusion and spread new models of behaviour.

W, K, A A, A K.  2020.  . Trends and factors associated with long-acting reversible contraception in Kenya. F1000Research. AbstractWebsite

Background: Kenya has 12 million female adolescents and youths aged 10-34 years whose reproductive behavior will determine the growth and size of its population for the next decade. The anticipated momentum of births can be slowed by the use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods as they are more effective, need no user adherence, and hence have no risk of incorrect or inconsistent use. However, in spite of the many health and social benefits, LARC is underutilized because of myths and misconceptions. Kenya is in the ultimate decade towards Vision 2030 and investing in LARC can save costs of health care and accelerate the achievement of the development goal. The objective of this study was to establish factors associated with LARC use, with a view of establishing the potential for increasing demand.


Awuor, V, Odipo G, Agwanda A.  2018.  Age schedules of intra-provincial migration in Kenya. African Population Studies . 32(2):4356-4375.


Agwanda, A, A K.  2016.  Age schedules of Out Migrants and their implications for County development. Rural Urban Migration and Urban Rural Linkages: The case of Western Kenya. , Nairobi: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung


Khasakhala, A, Agwanda T, Odwe G, Imbwaga A, Lyaga Z.  2015.  Mortality Decline in Kenya: A Reexamination of Recent Under-Five Mortality Estimate. International Journal of Population Research . International Journal of Population Research . 2015Website
Khasakhala, AA.  2015.  Fertility and Poverty: The Role of Gender and Reproductive Health. <>.


Kloos", "H, Khasakhala" "A.  2013.  Monitoring and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Vulnerabilities, Impacts, and Responses to HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. , London: Palgrave Macmillan
Khasakhala", "AA, Kloos" "H.  2013.  Ethical Issues in HIV biomedical Research in Sub-Sahara Africa. Vulnerabilities, Impacts, and Responses to HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa . , London: Palgrave Macmillan
Khasakhala", "A.  2013.  HIV interventions in Education Systems. Vulnerabilities, Impacts, and Responses to HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. , London: Palgrave Macmillan
"Carine Va n Malderen", Ogali" "I, Khasakhala" "A, Muchiri" "SN, Sparks" "C, Oyen" "HV, Speybroeck" "N.  2013.  Decomposing Kenyan socio-economic inequalities in skilled birth attendance and measles immunization. International Journal for Equity in Health. 12(3 ):14712-3.


Odwe", "G, Khasakhala" "AA.  2012.  Spousal communication and fertility related decisions: A case study of Western and Coast Provinces, Kenya, 3‐5 May. 2012 Population Association of America Annual Meeting. , San Francisco, CA
Khasakhala", "AA.  2012.  Levels, Trends and Pattern in Overall, childhood and Maternal Mortality in Kenya, 23 - 25 October. 2. 4th Population Association of Kenya (PAK) Conference,. , Nairobi, Kenya


Khasakhala", "A, Agwanda" "A, Odwe" "G, Lyaga" "Z, Imbwaga" "A.  2011.  Reassessing Mortality decline in Kenya, 5 -9th December. 6th African Population Conference. , Ougadougou, Burkina Faso
Khasakhala", "AA.  2011.  Ethnic Fertility Differentials and their Proximate Determinants in Kenya, 31 March – 2 Apr. 201 Population Association of America Annual Meeting. , Marriot Warder Park Hotel, Washington DC
Ochako", "R, Fotso" "J-C, Ikamari" "L, Khasakhala" "A.  2011.  Utilization of maternal health services among the youth in Kenya: Insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 11(1):1471-2393.
Onyango", "EB, Khasakhala" "A, Agwanda" "AT, Kimani" "M, Koyugi" "B.  2011.  The effect of Migration on under 2 mortality in Kenya. African Population Studies. 25(2):543-555..


Khasakhala", "A, Palamuleni" "M.  2010.  Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in Lesotho and Malawi, 11 – 13 August. 2010 7. Population of South Africa (PASA) annual conference. , DBSA, Johannesburg, South Africa


Khasakhala", "A.  2009.  Empowering Communities in Kenya towards the abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), 23-29 September. Third Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa (EQUINET. , Munyonyo, Uganda
Agwanda", "A, Bocquier' "P, Khasakhala" "A, Owuor" "S.  2009.  A Socio-Demographic Survey of Nairobi. , Dakar, Senegal: CODESSRIA
Bocquier", "P, Khasakhala" "AA.  2009.  Factors Influencing Union Formation in Nairobi, Kenya. J Biosoc Sci. 41(3)


Khasakhala", "AA, Mturi" "AJ.  2008.  Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behaviour among out of school youth in Kenya. J Biosoc Sci. 40(5):641-53.


Khasakhala", "A.  2007.  Factors associated with Perinatal Deaths in Kenya. , 10 – 14 Dec. 5th African Population Conference, Arusha. , Arusha, Tanzania
Omwago", "M, Khasakhala" "AA.  2007.  Unmet Need for family Planning in Kenya. African Population studies. 21(2)


Omwago, Moses Otieno; Khasakhala, AA.  2006.  Factors influencing couples' unmet need for contraception in Kenya . Website
Khasakhala", "A.  2006.  Factors that hindered Access to Reproductive Health Services by Internally Displaced Pastoralists in Kenya during the Drought of 2000, 26–29 September. Population Association of South Africa (PASA) annual conference. , University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Khasakhala, "AA, Mturi" "AJ.  2006.  Factors associated with Risky Sexual Behaviour Among out of School Youth in Kenya, 19 -21 June. 10. 2nd Africa Conference on Sexual Health and rights. , Nairobi, Kenya



Agwanda", "A, Muganda" "R, Khasakhala" "AA, Rae" "G.  2003.  Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes in Africa: Lessons from Kenya. , Nairobi: Centre for the Study of Adolescence
Khasakhala", "AA.  2003.  Effect of Maternal Education on infant and child survival in rural Kenya . Demography India. 32(1):93-108.


Khasakhala, AA.  2002.  Patterns and Determinants of Maternal Health Care Services Utilization among Women in Kenya. 3rd African Population Conference 6-10 December 1999The African Population in the 21st Century . :217-233., Durban, South Africa: Union for African Population Studies
Khasakhala, AA.  2002.  A note on the estimates of Childhood Mortality from Birth History Data for Kenya, 1993 and 1998. Population and Sustainable Development Challenges in Ken. , Nairobi: Population Association of Kenya


Khasakhala", "AA.  2000.  Distribution of Childhood Risk of Mortality among Women in Kenya. In Population and Development in Kenya, Assays in honour of Prof. S.H. Ominde. , Nairobi: School of Journalism Press


Jensen", "A-M, Khasakhala" "AA.  1993.  Too Many Children? Fertility and Family Planning in a Muslim Society in Kenya , OSLO: NIBR

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