Sources, Accessibility and Reliability of Water for Various Uses in Ruiru District of Kiambu County, Kenya

Citation:
Mugera EW, Agwata JF, Anyango SO. "Sources, Accessibility and Reliability of Water for Various Uses in Ruiru District of Kiambu County, Kenya." International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). 2014;Volume 14, (No 1):164-173.

Abstract:

Numerous challenges regarding the availability of water availability for various socioeconomic development
activities exist in many areas across the globe. This is particularly so in most peri-urban areas where scarcity is one
of the critical problems affecting sustainable development of these areas. In this study, sources, accessibility and
reliability of water in Ruiru District of Kiambu County in Kenya were examined. A multistage sampling design
using both stratified and random sampling techniques was used to select the required sample. A household survey
approach with the aid of questionnaires and observation record sheets were used to collect data from representative
sample of 198 households in three different clusters. The data collected was analyzed using frequencies, percentages
and ranking. The study established the main water sources to be tap water, borehole, wells, rivers and Community
Based Organization’s supply. Most of the sources were found to be inaccessible of their location at various distances
from the homesteads. It is recommended that efforts be made by water providers to improve access to water so that
people can be engaged in other productive activities instead of spending a lot of time to access water. Appropriate
water conservation measures such as protection of water and storage should also be encouraged through public
awareness.

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