Recent transmission of tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV-1-infected female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya. C.F. Gilks, P. Godfre-Fausset, B.I.F. Batchelor, J.C. Ojoo, S.J. Ojoo, R.J. Brindle, J. Paul, J. Kimari, M.C. Bruce, Bwayo JJ, F.A. Plummer and D.A. Wa

Citation:
JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Recent transmission of tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV-1-infected female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya. C.F. Gilks, P. Godfre-Fausset, B.I.F. Batchelor, J.C. Ojoo, S.J. Ojoo, R.J. Brindle, J. Paul, J. Kimari, M.C. Bruce, Bwayo JJ, F.A. Plummer and D.A. Wa.". In: AIDS 1997, 11:911-918. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1997.

Abstract:

{ OBJECTIVE: To establish a cohort of high-risk individuals suitable for HIV-prevention trials, and to measure changes in sexual behaviour and sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence after a behavioural intervention. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in trucking company depots in Mombasa, Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 556 male HIV-seronegative employees of trucking companies. INTERVENTIONS: HIV serological testing, individual counselling, condom promotion, STD diagnosis and management. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sexual risk behaviour and symptomatic STD incidence. RESULTS: Using time-trend modelling, significant declines in self-reported high-risk sexual behaviour were demonstrated during a 1-year follow-up. The percentage of men reporting any extramarital sex during the 3-month period prior to a follow-up visit decreased from 49% durig the first quarter of follow-up to 36% during the last quarter (P < 0.001). The decline in reported female sex worker contact was from 12% to 6% (P = 0.001). Approximately 30% of men reported consistent condom use during extramarital sex and this percentage remained unchanged during the study period. The incidence of STD declined from 34 per 100 person years (PY) during the first quarter to 10 per 100 PY during the last quarter (P = 0.001). Significant reductions in gonorrhoea (15 to five cases per 100 PY

Notes:

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