Present status of in vitro cultivation of animal infective. African trypanosomes. In the in vitro cultivation of the Pathogens of Tropical Disease, Schwabe and Co., Hirumi H., Hirumi K., Nelson T.R. and Bwayo JJ. (1980). AC Basel. pp 163-200

Citation:
JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Present status of in vitro cultivation of animal infective. African trypanosomes. In the in vitro cultivation of the Pathogens of Tropical Disease, Schwabe and Co., Hirumi H., Hirumi K., Nelson T.R. and Bwayo JJ. (1980). AC Basel. pp 163-200.". In: AC Basel. pp 163-200. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1980.

Abstract:

The factors responsible for the explosive spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be identified and debated. One of the most controversial factors has been male circumcision. This cross-sectional study was conducted to measure the association between circumcision status and infection with HIV-1 among men with genital ulcer disease. Eight hundred and ten men participated in the study, of whom 190 (23%) were HIV-1-positive. A logistic regression model adjusted for behavioral and historical showed that HIV-1 positivity was independently associated with being uncircumcised (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-7.2) and with a history of urethral discharge (adjusted OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-2.8). This association could not be explained by measures of sexual exposure to HIV-1 among this population. Male circumcision should be considered as an intervention strategy for AIDS control.

Notes:

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